|Type||Broadcast television network|
|Availability||National; also distributed in Austria , Luxembourg and Switzerland|
|Owner||Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen|
|Key people||Markus Schächter, President|
|Launch date||April 1, 1963|
Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen ("Second German Television"), ZDF, is a public service German television channel based in Mainz. Terrestrial television is a term which refers to modes of television broadcasting which do not involve satellite transmission A television network is a distribution network for Television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many Television stations Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Luxembourg (Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg Grand-Duché de Luxembourg Großherzogtum Luxemburg is a small Landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation President is a Title leaders of Organizations companies, Trade unions universities, and countries. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne The year 1963 in television involved some significant eventsBelow is a list of Television -related events in 1963. As the world's third largest economy and with the largest Population in the European Union, Germany today offers a vast diversity of television stations The term television channel generally refers to either a Television station or its cable / satellite counterpart (both outlined below Mainz (ˈmaɪ̯nʦ (Mayence is a City in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. It is run as an independent non-profit agency established by joint contract between the German federal states (Bundesländer). Germany (Deutschland is a Federal Republic consisting of sixteen States, known in German as Länder (singular ZDF is funded from a television licence and advertising . Television licences around the world The Museum of Broadcast Communications in Chicago notes that two-thirds of the countries in Europe and half
The station began broadcasting on 1 April 1963 from Eschborn. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Eschborn is a Suburb of Frankfurt in the Main-Taunus district Hesse, Germany. The channel broadcast its first programme in colour in 1967. In 1974 ZDF moved its base of operations to Mainz-Lerchenberg, after briefly being located in Wiesbaden. Wiesbaden, a city in southwest Germany, is the capital of the state of Hesse.
As ZDF is a channel, not a network, the channel is broadcast without any regional variation or affiliates throughout the country, using a number of signal repeaters. Prior to the reunification of Germany, ZDF, like ARD, positioned many of its transmitters in locations favourable to its broadcasts being easily receivable in extensive areas of the GDR, where both channels were viewed by large parts of the population. German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung took place twice after 1945 first in 1957 the Saarland was permitted to join the Federal Republic of Germany The German Democratic Republic ( GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik DDR; commonly known in English as East Germany) was a Socialist state
Starting in 2002 and expected to be completed in late 2008, the ZDF transmitters have been switched from analogue to digital signal. Digitally, the ZDF mux contains the ZDF itself, 3sat, ZDFinfokanal (ZDF's news channel), KI.KA (children's channel; daytime only), ZDFdokukanal (ZDF documentary channel; nighttime only). 3sat is the name of a public advertising-free television network in Central Europe KIKA ("Der Ki nder' ka' nal" = "The Children's Channel" is a public commercial-free Television channel based in Erfurt
ZDF does not run any transmitters itself. Throughout the analogue days, all of the ZDF transmitters had been run by the Deutsche Bundespost which was later privatized as Deutsche Telekom's subsidiary T-Systems Media Broadcast. The Deutsche Bundespost ( German federal Post office) was created in 1947 as a successor to the Reichspost (German imperial post office Deutsche Telekom AG (,) ( English translation German Telecom) (abbreviated DTAG) is a Telecommunications company headquartered in (This is in contrast to the other public German broadcaster, ARD, which owns its main transmitters. ) Due to recent laws, the ZDF had not been allowed to use ARD's transmitters. As the law has changed in the 1990s, since the digital switchover the ZDF uses both ARD and Telekom transmitters.
ZDF has also been relayed by cable since the days of the first cable pilot projects.
The first Europe-wide satellite broadcast via Astra 1C began in August 1993 during the Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin (IFA - "International Broadcasting Exhibition") in Berlin. Satellite television is Television delivered by the means of Communications satellites as compared to conventional Terrestrial television and Cable Astra 1C was the third Communications satellite launched by the Société Européenne des Satellites (SES now SES Astra. The IFA or Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin (International radio exhibition Berlin) is one of the oldest Industrial exhibitions in Germany Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany. In the same decade, these new technologies were used to enable the start of digital broadcasting of ZDF. Digital television (DTV is the sending and receiving of moving images and sound by discrete ( digital) signals in contrast to the analog signals used by
ZDF also operates the channels KI.KA, arte, 3sat and Phoenix in cooperation with other networks. KIKA ("Der Ki nder' ka' nal" = "The Children's Channel" is a public commercial-free Television channel based in Erfurt Arte (Association Relative à la Télévision Européenne is a Franco-German TV network. 3sat is the name of a public advertising-free television network in Central Europe Phoenix is a publicly-funded television station in Germany which is jointly held by the public broadcasting organizations ARD and ZDF. Included in its digital offering ZDFvision are the channels ZDFdokukanal, ZDFinfokanal and ZDFtheaterkanal. Today ZDF is Europe's largest television network.
ZDF's animated station identity mascots, the Mainzelmännchen (a play with the words "Mainz" and "Heinzelmännchen", the latter meaning "brownies" (elves) in German), created by Wolf Gerlach in 1963, quickly became very popular and are still shown in between commercials. The bouncing ball animation (below consists of these 6 frames The term mascot – defined as a term for any person animal or object thought to bring Luck – colloquially includes anything used to represent a group with a common A television advertisement or television commercial (often just commercial or advert (US or ad (UK is a span of television programming produced In 1976 graphic designer Otl Aicher made a corporate design for ZDF. Otl Aicher, also known as Otto Aicher ( May 13, 1922 - September 1, 1991) was one of the leading German Graphic designers
Administratively ZDF is headed by a director general (Intendant), who is elected by the ZDF Television Council, the composition of which is in turn determined by the "societally relevant groups" named in the ZDF contract. Since the founding of the network in 1963, the following have held the office of Intendant:
ZDF was admitted as a full active member of the European Broadcasting Union in 1963. Johannes Karl Holzamer ( October 13 1906 &ndash April 22 2007) was a German philosopher, pedagogic and former director The European Broadcasting Union ( EBU; L'Union Européenne de Radio-Télévision ("UER" and unrelated to the European Union) is a confederation
Audience share (March 2008): 13. Aktenzeichen XY … ungelöst ( German for "File Sign XY … Unsolved" is a German television programme broadcast since October 1967 on The Bold and the Beautiful (often abbreviated to B&B) is an American Television Soap opera. Derrick is a German TV series produced by Telenova Film- und Fernsehproduktion in association with ZDF, ORF and SRG Disco was a Pop music program that aired in Germany on the ZDF network from 1971 to 1982. Ein Fall für Zwei (meaning "a case for two" is a German Detective show series heute ( German for today) is a News show on the German television channel ZDF. For other uses of the term see Der Kommissar Der Kommissar ( English The Commissioner) is a German The Old Fox (original German title "Der Alte", lit "The Old Man" is a German television series created in 1976, now Veronica Mars is an American television series created by Rob Thomas. Wetten dass? ( German for "Wanna Bet?") is a German language game and entertainment TV show The Young and the Restless is a 39 time Emmy Award winning American Television Soap opera, first broadcast on CBS on March 26 Jack Holborn was a 1982 ZDF Adventure TV Mini-series. The story is based on the book by Leon Garfield. A miniseries (also mini-series) in a serial Storytelling medium is a production which tells a story in a pre-planned limited number of episodes 4%, from 14-49 years 7. 1%.