The Yangtze River Delta or Yangtze Delta, also called Chang Jiang Delta, or the Golden Triangle of the Yangtze (Simplified Chinese: 长江三角洲; Traditional Chinese: 長江三角洲; Hanyu Pinyin: ), generally comprises the triangular-shaped territory of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province of China. Pinyin, more formally Hanyu pinyin, is the most common Standard Mandarin Romanization system in use Shanghai ( 上[[wikt 海|海]] is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest urban areas in the world with over 20 million ( Postal map spelling: Kiangsu) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country Zhejiang ( is an eastern coastal province of the People's Republic of China. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National The area lies at the heart of the region traditionally called Jiangnan (literally, "south of the Yangtze River"). Jiangnan or Jiang Nan ( sometimes spelled Kiang-nan) is a geographic area in China referring to lands immediately to the south of the lower reaches of The Yangtze river drains into the East China Sea. The East China Sea is a Marginal sea east of China. It is a part of the Pacific Ocean and covers an area of 1249000 km² In modern times the area is home to an economy the size of a medium-sized developed country, encompassing a GDP (when measured to purchasing power parity) of some $2 Trillion US, which is 21% of the national economy. The term developed country, or advanced country, is used to categorize countries with developed Economies in which the tertiary and quaternary sectors The purchasing power parity ( PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium Exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their Purchasing power. The urban build-up in the area has given rise to the Yangtze Delta Metropolitan Area, the largest metropolitan area in China, with an area of 99600 km2, it is home to over 90 million people as of 2007, of which an estimated 50 million are urban. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.
The area near the Yangtze River Delta was the location of the Majiabang Neolithic culture from around 5000-3000 BC. The Majiabang culture (馬家浜文化 was a Neolithic culture that existed at the mouth of the Yangtze River, primarily around the Taihu area and north In late Neolithic times, the delinta was the site of the Liangzhu culture (3400-2250 BC). The Neolithic (from Greek νεολιθικός — neolithikos from νέος neos, "new" + λίθος lithos The Liangzhu culture ( ( 3400 - 2250 BC) was the last Neolithic Jade culture in the Yangtze River Delta of China. In the Spring and Autumn period, it was occupied by the State of Wu, which was annexed by the State of Yue in 473 BC, in turn conquered by the State of Chu in 334 BC. The Spring and Autumn Period ( was a period in Chinese history which roughly corresponds to the first half of the Eastern Zhou dynasty (from the second half of the 8th century BC Wu (吳 was a state during the Spring and Autumn Period in China. Events By place China The State of Wu is annexed by the State of Yue. Chǔ ( 楚) was a kingdom in what is now central and southern China during the Spring and Autumn period ( 722 - 481 BC) and Events By place Persian Empire The king of Caria, Pixodarus, dies and is succeeded by his son-in-law Orontobates. In 223 BC the area became part of the unified empire under the Qin Dynasty. Events By place Seleucid Empire The Seleucid king Seleucus III is assassinated in Phrygia by members of his army Not to be confused with the Qing Dynasty, the last dynasty of China
Since the Tang Dynasty, the Yangtze Delta has been an area of intense agrarian agriculture and high population density. The Tang Dynasty ( Middle Chinese: dhɑng (June 18 618&ndashJune 4 907 was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui Dynasty and followed by Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture It is criss-crossed with canals for transportation and irrigation. Transport or transportation is the movement of people and goods from one place to another Irrigation is an artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops Since the Northern and Southern Dynasties period, the Yangtze Delta has been a main cultural and economic center of China. This article is about the Southern and Northern Dynasties in China. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Key cities of the region in pre-modern times include Suzhou (Wu), Nanjing, Hangzhou and Shaoxing. Suzhou ( ancient name 吳) is a City on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of Lake Taihu in the province of Jiangsu ( Chinese: 南京 Romanizations Nánjīng ( Pinyin) Nan-ching ( Wade-Giles ( Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a Sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the People's Republic of China, Administration The Prefecture-level city of Shaoxing administers 1 district, 3 county-level cities and 2 counties.
The delta is one of the most densely populated regions on earth, and includes one of the world's largest cities on its banks—Shanghai, with a density of 2,700 inhabitants/km². Shanghai ( 上[[wikt 海|海]] is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest urban areas in the world with over 20 million Because of the large population of the delta, and factories, farms, and other cities upriver, the World Wide Fund for Nature says the Yangtze Delta is the biggest cause of marine pollution in the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions
Most of the people in this region speak Wu Chinese (sometimes called Shanghainese, although Shanghainese is actually one of the dialects within the Wu group of Chinese) as their mother tongue, in addition to Mandarin. Shanghainese (上海閒話 in Shanghainese sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai A first language (also mother tongue, native language, arterial language, or L1) is the language a human being learns from birth Standard Mandarin, also known as Standard Spoken Chinese, is the official modern Chinese spoken language used in mainland China and Taiwan Wu is mutually unintelligible with other varieties of Chinese, including Mandarin. In Linguistics, mutual intelligibility is recognized as a relationship between Languages in which speakers of different but related languages can readily understand
The area of the Yangtze Delta incorporates twenty relatively developed municipalities in three provinces. The term can be generally used to refer to the entire region extending as far north as Lianyungang, Jiangsu and as far south as Taizhou, Zhejiang. Administration The Prefecture-level city of Lianyungang administers 7 county-level divisions, including 3 districts and 4 counties Administration The Prefecture-level city of Taizhou currently administers 3 district, 2 county-level cities and 4 counties. The region includes some of the fastest-growing economies in China in recent years, and as of 2004 has occupied over 21% of China's total gross GDP.
Since the 9th century, the Yangtze Delta has been the most populous area in China, East Asia, and one of the most densely populated areas of the world. The 9th century is the period from 801 to 900 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. During the mid to late period of Tang Dynasty (618-907), the region emerged as an economic centre, and the Yangtze River Delta became the most important agricultural, handicraft industrial and economic center for the late Tang China. The Tang Dynasty ( Middle Chinese: dhɑng (June 18 618&ndashJune 4 907 was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui Dynasty and followed by Events By Place Asia The Sui Dynasty ends and the Tang Dynasty begins in China. Events By Place Asia Oleg leads the Kievan Rus' in a campaign against Constantinople (see Rus'-Byzantine
In Song Dynasty, especially during the South Song Dynasty period (1127–1279), with its capital situated in Lin'an (Now Hangzhou), Hangzhou became the biggest city in the East Asia (and some claim, in the world) with a population more than 1. The Song Dynasty ( Wade-Giles: Sung Ch'ao was a ruling dynasty in China between 960&ndash1279 CE it succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms ( Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a Sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the People's Republic of China, 5 million, and the economic status of the Yangtze Delta became more enhanced. Ningbo became one of the two biggest seaports in East Asia along with Quanzhou (in Fujian Province)
During the mid-late Ming Dynasty period (1368–1644), the first capitalism bud of the East Asia was born and developed in this area, although it was disrupted by the Manchurian invasion and controlled strictly and carefully by the Confucian central government in Beijing, it continued its development slowly throughout the rest of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Ningbo ( literally "Tranquil Waves" is a Seaport with sub-provincial administrative status. "Zaytun" redirects here For the South Korean military division in Iraq see Zaytun Division. This article is about the People's Republic of China province The Ming Dynasty ( or Empire of the Great Ming ( was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644 following the collapse of the Mongol -led Not to be confused with Qin Dynasty, the first dynasty of Imperial China Year 1911 ( MCMXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the delta became the a large financial centre for the country. And also played the most important role in Agriculture and handicraft industry.
During the Qianlong Era (1735-1796), Shanghai began developing rapidly and became the largest port in the Far East. From late 19th century to early 20th century, Shanghai was the biggest commercial center in the Far East. And the Yangtze River Delta became the first industrialized area in China. After the Chinese economic reform program, which began in 1978, Shanghai again became the most important economic center in mainland China, and is emerging to become one of Asia's centres for commerce. The Chinese economic reform ( refers to the program of economic reforms called " Socialism with Chinese characteristics " in the People's Republic of Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) Shanghai ( 上[[wikt 海|海]] is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest urban areas in the world with over 20 million Mainland China, Continental China, the Chinese mainland or simply the mainland, is a geopolitical term synonymous with the area that is under the jurisdiction In modern times, the Yangtze Delta metropolitan area centred at Shanghai, and also flanked by the major urban centres of Hangzhou, Suzhou, Ningbo, and Nanjing, home to nearly 90 million people (of which an estimated 50 million are urban residents), is the center of Chinese economic development, and surpasses all other major metropolitan regions (including the Pearl River Delta) in the People's Republic of China in terms of economic growth, productivity and per capita income. ( Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a Sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the People's Republic of China, Suzhou ( ancient name 吳) is a City on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of Lake Taihu in the province of Jiangsu Ningbo ( literally "Tranquil Waves" is a Seaport with sub-provincial administrative status. ( Chinese: 南京 Romanizations Nánjīng ( Pinyin) Nan-ching ( Wade-Giles The Pearl River Delta Region (PRD ( in southern China occupies the low-lying areas alongside the Pearl River Estuary Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES In the future the area may well evolve into the largest megacity in the world in terms of population. A megacity is generally defined as a Metropolitan area with a total Population in excess of 10 million people
The area is home to a very extensive transportation network that include railways and expressways. An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. The area has one of the highest private vehicle ownership rates in the country, and traffic rules governing Jiangsu, Shanghai, and Zhejiang are relatively strict compared to the rest of the country.
The region is served by some of the country's largest seaports:
The region has five major airports, whose area of coverage is generally around an-hour's drive's length from any point of the Delta. Shanghai ( 上[[wikt 海|海]] is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest urban areas in the world with over 20 million Ningbo ( literally "Tranquil Waves" is a Seaport with sub-provincial administrative status. Administration The Prefecture-level city of Zhoushan administers 2 districts and 2 counties. Administration The Prefecture-level city of Lianyungang administers 7 county-level divisions, including 3 districts and 4 counties Suzhou ( ancient name 吳) is a City on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of Lake Taihu in the province of Jiangsu Administration The Prefecture-level city of Wenzhou currently administers 3 district, 2 county-level cities and 6 counties. They include:
The Yangtze Delta has a marine monsoon subtropical climate, and the weather is generally warm and humid. Hangzhou Bay Bridge ( is a bridge with Cable-stayed bridge portion across Hangzhou Bay off the eastern coast of China. The Runyang Bridge ( is a large Bridge complex that crosses the Yangtze River in Jiangsu Province China, downstream of Nanjing. The Jiangyin Suspension Bridge is the most seaward Bridge to cross the Yangtze River of China. The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge is the first bridge to be built across the Yangtze River in Nanjing, China. The Lupu Bridge (卢浦大桥 in Shanghai, China, is the world's longest Arch bridge. Puxi ( is the largest section of Shanghai, China, home to approximately 90% of Shanghai's residents Marine is an Umbrella term. As an adjective it is usually applicable to things relating to the Sea or Ocean, such as Marine biology, Marine A monsoon is a seasonal prevailing wind which lasts for several months The subtropics are the zones of the Earth immediately north and south of the tropic zone which is bounded by the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Winter temperatures can drop as low as -10°C (a record), however, and even in springtime, large temperature fluctuations can occur.
The Yangtze River Delta contains the most fertile soils in all of China. Rice is the dominant crop of the delta, but further inland fishing rivals it. Rice is a Cereal foodstuff which forms an important part of the diet of many people worldwide and as such it is a staple food for many In Qing Pu, 50 ponds, containing five different species of fish, produce 29,000 tons of fish each year. Fish are aquatic Vertebrate animals that are typically ectothermic (previously Cold-blooded) covered with scales, and equipped with two One of the biggest fears of fish farmers in this region is that toxic water will seep into their man-made lagoons and threaten their livelihood. Toxicity is the degree to which a substance is able to damage an exposed organism A lagoon is a body of comparatively shallow salt or Brackish water separated from the deeper Sea by a shallow or exposed sandbank, coral