Panorama of Yangon looking south towards the river
|Motto: Yangon Purum Manaw Ra Man|
Location of Yangon, Burma (Rangoon)
|Admin. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Burma, officially the Union of Myanmar ( pjìdàunzṵ mjàmmà nàinŋàndɔ̀ is the largest country by geographical area in mainland Southeast Asia. division||Yangon Division|
|Settled||6th century AD|
|- Mayor||Brigadier General Aung Thein Lynn|
|- City||400 sq mi (1,036 km²)|
|- Urban||222. Brigadier General is the lowest ranking General Officer in some countries usually sitting between the ranks of Colonel and Major General. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 4 sq mi (576 km²)|
|- Ethnicities||Bamar, Burmese Chinese, Burmese Indians, Kayin|
|- Religions||Buddhism, Christianity, Islam|
Yangon (also known as Rangoon) is the largest city and former capital of Burma. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The Bamar ( bəmà lùmjó also called Burman) are the dominant Ethnic group of Burma, constituting approximately 68% (30000000 of the population The Burmese Chinese or Chinese Burmese are a group of Overseas Chinese born or raised in Burma (Myanmar The Burmese Indians ( are a group of Overseas Indians from Myanmar (formerly Burma The Karen ( self-titled Pwa Ka Nyaw Po, and also known in Thailand as the Kariang (กะเหรี่ยง or Yang, are an ethnic group in Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks Burma, officially the Union of Myanmar ( pjìdàunzṵ mjàmmà nàinŋàndɔ̀ is the largest country by geographical area in mainland Southeast Asia. Although the military government has officially relocated the capital to Naypyidaw since March 2006, Yangon, with a population of 6 million, continues to be the country's largest city and the most important commercial center. The State Peace and Development Council or Arr Nar Yuu Myar A Phwet ( nàiNŋàNdɔ̀ éiʤáN θàja yéi n̥ḭN pʰṵNpʰyo yéi kaùNsì abbreviated SPDC) is the official Naypyidaw ( also spelled Nay Pyi Taw) is the Capital of Burma. Events in March American Red Cross Month Fire Prevention month ( The Philippines) Women's History Month ( United Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
Yangon's infrastructure is relatively undeveloped compared to those of other major cities in Southeast Asia, but it is one of the greenest and most unpolluted major cities in the region.   Yangon has the largest number of colonial buildings in Southeast Asia today.  While many high-rise residential and commercial buildings have been constructed or renovated throughout downtown and Greater Yangon in the past two decades, most satellite towns that ring the city continue to be deeply impoverished.
Yangon is a member of Asian Network of Major Cities 21. Asian Network of Major Cities 21 is a body representing the interests of several of Asia 's largest capital cities around common themes of importance including urban planning
Yangon is a combination of the two words yan (ရန္) and koun (ကုန္), which mean "enemies" and "run out of" respectively. It is also translated as "End of Strife". "Rangoon" most likely comes from the British imitation of the pronunciation of "Yangon" in the Rakhine dialect of Burmese. The Rakhine people ( ja̰kʰàin lùmjóʊ formerly Arakanese) are an Ethnic group of Myanmar, and form the majority along Rakhine State's The Burmese language (မြန်မာဘာသာ myà̃mà bàθà MLCTS: myanma bhasa) is the official Language of Burma.
Yangon was founded as Dagon in the 6th century AD by the Mon, who dominated present day Lower Burma at that time. The 6th century is the period from 501 to 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. The Mon ( Mon language: မန် or မည် မွန်လူမျိုး mùn lùmjóʊ Thai: มอญ are an Ethnic group from Dagon was a small fishing village centered about the Shwedagon Pagoda. The Shwedagon Pagoda (ʃwèdəgòun; ʃwèdəgòun pʰəjá officially titled Shwedagon Zedi Daw (ʃwèdəgòun zèdìdɔ̀ also known as the Golden In 1755, King Alaungpaya conquered Dagon, and renamed it "Yangon". Year 1755 ( MDCCLV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or Alaungpaya (အလောင်းဘုရား or Alompra or Alaung Mintaya (အလောင်းမင်းတရား(อลองพญา lit The British captured Yangon during the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-1826) but returned it to Burmese administration after the war. The British Empire was the largest empire in history and for over a century was the foremost global power. The First Anglo–Burmese War lasted from 1823 to 1826 In the United Kingdom it is called the First Burmese War whereas Burmese custom names both belligerents The city was destroyed by a fire in 1841. For the game see 1841 (board game. Year 1841 ( MDCCCXLI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link
The British Empire seized Yangon and all of Lower Burma in the Second Anglo-Burmese War of 1852, and subsequently transformed Yangon into the commercial and political hub of British Burma. The British Empire was the largest empire in history and for over a century was the foremost global power. Lower Burma is a historical region referring to the part of Burma annexed by the British Empire after the Second Anglo-Burmese War, which took place in The Second Anglo-Burmese War took place in 1852 and ended in 1853 Based on the design by army engineer Lt. Fraser, the British constructed a new city on a grid plan on delta land, bounded to the east by the Pazundaung Creek and to the south and west by the Yangon River. By the 1890s Yangon's increasing population and commerce gave birth to prosperous residential suburbs to the north of Royal Lake (Kandawgyi) and Inya Lake.  The British also established hospitals including Rangoon General Hospital and colleges including Rangoon University. Yangon General Hospital ( formerly known as the Rangoon General Hospital) built in 1911 is a major hospital located in Yangon. Yangon University (also University of Yangon) ( Burmese:) located in Kamayut, Yangon, is the largest and most well-known university
Colonial Yangon, with its spacious parks and lakes and mix of modern buildings and traditional wooden architecture, was known as "the garden city of the East. "  By the early 20th century, Yangon had public services and infrastructure on par with London. 
Before World War II, almost half of Yangon's population was Indian or South Asian, followed by Anglo-Burmese and Anglo-Indian populations. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Anglo-Indians are people who have mixed Indian and British ancestry and the term is sometimes used in the West.
Yangon incurred heavy damage during World War II. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
Soon after Burma's independence in 1948, many colonial names of streets and parks were changed to more nationalistic Burmese names. In 1989, the current military junta changed the city's English name to "Yangon", along with many other changes in English transliteration of Burmese names. Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) The State Peace and Development Council or Arr Nar Yuu Myar A Phwet ( nàiNŋàNdɔ̀ éiʤáN θàja yéi n̥ḭN pʰṵNpʰyo yéi kaùNsì abbreviated SPDC) is the official (The changes have not been accepted by many Burmese who consider the junta unfit to make such changes. )
Since independence, Yangon has expanded outwards. Successive governments have built satellite towns such as Thuwana and Okkalapa in the 1950s to Dagon Myothit (New Dagon) in the 1990s. Today, Greater Yangon encompasses an area covering nearly 400 square miles (1000 sqkm).
During Gen. Ne Win's isolationist rule (1962-1988), Yangon's infrastructure never kept up with its increasing population, and deteriorated severely. Ne Win (နေဝင်း nè wín 24 May or 14 May 1911 or 10 July 1910 – 5 December 2002; born Shu In the 1990s, the current military government's relatively more open market economy attracted an influx of domestic and foreign investment that brought a small degree of modernity to the city's infrastructure. Many colonial-period buildings were demolished to make way for high-rise hotels, office buildings, and shopping malls. (In 1996, to protect some colonial buildings under government jurisdiction, the government devised a "Heritage List". Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar) ) Some inner city residents were forcibly relocated to new satellite towns. Major road- and bridge-building programs were undertaken, including construction of a bridge across the river to Thanlyin and its industrial hinterland. Thanlyin, more commonly pronounced Tanyin and formerly Syriam, is a City in Yangon Division in Myanmar (Burma  Still, much of Yangon remains without 24-hour electricity and regular rubbish collection.
Yangon has become much more indigenous Burmese in its ethnic makeup since independence. After independence, many South Asians and Anglo-Burmese left. Many more South Asians and Anglo-Burmese were forced to leave during the 1960s by Gen. Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Ne Win's xenophobic government. Nevertheless, sizable South Asian and Chinese communities still exist in Yangon. The Anglo-Burmese have effectively disappeared, having left the country or intermarried with other Burmese groups.
In November 2005, the military government designated the newly developed city of Naypyidaw, 200 miles (322 km) north in Mandalay Division as the new administrative capital. Events in November All Saints' Day (formerly All Hallows Day a Christian holy day is celebrated on November 1, the day after Halloween Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Naypyidaw ( also spelled Nay Pyi Taw) is the Capital of Burma. Mandalay Division is an administrative division of Burma (Myanmar The motives for the move remain unclear. At any rate, Yangon remains the largest city, and the most important commercial center of Burma.
In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis devastated the city when winds of up to 150 mph touched land in the densely populated, rice-farming delta of the Irrawaddy Division. Cyclone Nargis ( JTWC designation 01B, also known as Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Nargis) was a strong Tropical cyclone that caused Ayeyarwady Division or Irrawaddy Division is a division of Burma, occupying the delta region of the Ayeyarwady River (also known as the 
The military government, as of 16 May 2008, has confirmed 78,000 fatalities, with nearly 56,000 still missing and nearly 20,000 injured. The United Nations estimates that more than 100,000 have died, and the Red Cross has put the number as high as 128,000. 
The United Nations projects that as many as 1 million were left homeless; and the World Health Organization "has received reports of malaria outbreaks in the worst-affected area. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security " Yet in the critical days following this disaster, Myanmar's isolationist regime complicated recovery efforts by delaying the entry of United Nations planes delivering medicine, food, and other supplies to this Southeast Asian nation. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security The junta continues to deny requests for permission to bring in assistance by helicopters, which can reach areas inland from the coast and help distribute the supplies across the country, and has approved inbound flights by fewer than 20 cargo planes. 
Yangon is located in lower Burma at the convergence of the Yangon and Bago Rivers about 19 miles (30 km) away from the Gulf of Martaban at 16°48' North, 96°09' East (16. The Andaman Sea (မုတ္တမ moʊʔtəma̰ is a body of water to the southeast of the Bay of Bengal, south of Myanmar, west of Thailand and east 8, 96. 15). Its standard time zone is UTC/GMT +6:30 hours.
Yangon has an equatorial monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification system. The equator (sometimes referred to colloquially as "the Line") is the intersection of the Earth 's surface with the plane perpendicular to the A monsoon is a seasonal prevailing wind which lasts for several months Climate encompasses the temperatures humidity rainfall atmospheric particle count and numerous other meteorogical factors in a given region over long periods of The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems It was developed by Wladimir Köppen, a German climatologist
|Weather averages for Yangon (Rangoon), Burma|
|Average high °F||90||94||96||98||92||86||85||85||86||88||89||88|
|Average low °F||64||66||70||75||77||76||75||75||75||75||72||66|
|Precipitation inches||0. In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric 20||0. 10||0. 30||0. 60||8. 10||2. 40||0. 30|
|Average high °C||32||34||36||37||33||30||29||29||30||31||32||31|
|Average low °C||18||19||21||24||25||24||24||24||24||24||22||19|
|Precipitation mm||5. In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric 1||2. 5||7. 6||15. 2||205. 7||61. 0||7. 6|
|Source: The Weather Channel  2008-01-04|
Yangon is administered by the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC). Yangon City Hall (YCH is the City hall of Yangon, the largest city of Burma, and the seat of the city's administrative body Yangon City Development YCDC also coordinates urban planning.  The city is divided into four districts. The districts combined have a total of 32 townships. The mayor of Yangon currently is Brigadier General Aung Thein Lynn. Each township is administered by a committee of township leaders, who make decisions regarding city beautification and infrastructure. Myo-thit (lit. "New Towns", or satellite towns) are not within such jurisdictions.
All domestic and international traffic goes through Yangon International Airport, located 12 mi (19 km) from downtown. Yangon International Airport (, located in Mingaladon at 15 km north of downtown Yangon, is the primary international airport of Myanmar and the second largest The airport recently opened a new passenger terminal to accommodate larger aircraft. The second largest airport in Myanmar after Mandalay International Airport), Yangon International is the busiest airport in the country. Mandalay International Airport (မန္တလေးအပြည်ပြည်ဆိုင်ရာလေဆိပ်) located 35 km south of Mandalay in Tada-U All four domestic airlines are headquartered here.
Yangon Central Railway Station is the gateway to Myanmar's 2,480-mile (3,991 km) rail network whose reach covers Upper Myanmar (Naypyidaw, Mandalay, Shwebo), upcountry (Myitkyina), Shan hills (Taunggyi, Kalaw) and the Taninthayi coast (Mawlamyine, Ye). Naypyidaw ( also spelled Nay Pyi Taw) is the Capital of Burma. Mandalay is the second largest city and the last royal capital of Burma (Myanmar and is the economic and cultural hub of Upper Burma Shwebo may refer to Shwebo Bhumo, Kachin State Burma Shwebo Sagaing, Burma Myitkyina ( in English pronounced myiʔʧíná) is the Capital city of Kachin State in Myanmar (formerly Burma located 919 miles from Taunggyi ( is the capital of Shan State, Myanmar. Taunggyi has a population of approximately 200000 making it the fourth largest city in Myanmar (behind For the bird locally known as Kalaw see Rufous Hornbill Kalaw is a hill town in the Shan State of Burma. Mawlamyine or Mawlamyaing ( mɔ̀ləmjàiN mjo̰ formerly Moulmein) is the third largest city of Burma (Myanmar situated 300 km south east of Yangon Ye may refer to Ye Ayeyarwady Division Ye Mon State
A decrepit local commuter rail circuit system connects Yangon's satellite towns. The 28. 5-mile (45. 9 km) 39-station system is heavily utilized by the local populace, selling about 150,000 tickets daily. The popularity the commuter line has jumped since the government reduced petrol subsidies in August 2007. Rail travel is now considerably cheaper than the city bus service. 
The vast majority of Yangonites cannot afford a car and rely on buses to get around. Yangon International Airport (, located in Mingaladon at 15 km north of downtown Yangon, is the primary international airport of Myanmar and the second largest Several public and private bus lines operate crowded buses around the city.
Motor transportation in Yangon is highly expensive for most of its citizens. As the government allows only a few thousand cars to be imported each year in a country with over 50 million people, car prices in Yangon (and in Myanmar) are among the highest in the world. It is not uncommon to pay an equivalent of 50,000 USD for a 20-year-old Japanese pickup truck. A sports utility vehicle, imported for around 50,000 USD, goes for 250,000 USD.  The second contributor is the ever rising cost of petrol. Nonetheless, car usage in Yangon is on the rise, and already causes much traffic congestion.
Since 1970, cars are driven on the right side of the road in Myanmar. However, as the government has not required left hand drive (LHD) cars to accompany the right side road rules, many cars on the road are still right hand drive (RHD) made for driving on the left side. Right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic mean regulations requiring all traffic to keep either to the left or the right side of the Road. Right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic mean regulations requiring all traffic to keep either to the left or the right side of the Road. Japanese used cars, which make up most of the country's imports, are still come with RHD and are never converted to LHD. As a result, the Burmese drivers have to rely on the passengers when passing other cars.
Within Yangon, it is illegal to drive trishaws, bicycles, and motorcycles. The cycle rickshaw, being a small-scale local means of transport is also known by a variety of other names such as rickshaw, pedicab, bugbug, cyclo
Central Yangon's road layout follows a grid pattern, based on four types of roads:
The pattern of south to north roads is as follows: one broad 100-foot wide broad road, two narrow streets, one mid-size street, two more narrow streets, and then another 100-foot wide broad road. This order is repeated from west to east. The narrow streets are numbered; the medium and broad roads are named. For example, the 100-foot Lanmadaw Road is followed by 30-foot-wide 17th and 18th streets then the medium 50-foot Sint-Oh-Dan Road, the 30-foot 19th and 20th streets, followed by another 100 foot wide Latha Road, followed again by the two numbered small roads 21st and 22nd streets, and so on.
The roads running parallel west to east were the Strand Road, Merchant Road, Maha Bandula (nee Dalhousie) Road, Anawrahta (Fraser) Road, and Bogyoke Aung San (Montgomery) Road.
After Burma's independence in 1948, many street names were changed, although some continue to be used interchangeably. The following list presents major thoroughfare name changes within Yangon city limits:
Yangon is the country's hub for the movie, music, advertising, newspaper and book publishing industries. Kandawgyi Lake ( kàNdɔ̀ʧí literally "great royal lake" formerly Royal Lake) is one of two major Lakes in Yangon, Burma All media is heavily regulated by the military government. (Television broadcasting is off limits to the private sector. ) All media content must first be approved by the government's media censor board, Press Scrutiny and Registration Division. 
All television channels in the country are broadcast from Yangon. TV Myanmar and Myawaddy are the two main channels, providing Burmese language programming in news and entertainment. Other special interest channels are MRTV3, the English language channel that targets overseas audiences via satellite and via Internet, MRTV4 with a focus on non-formal education programs and movies, and Channel 5, a fee-based channel specializing in broadcasting foreign movies.
Yangon has only two radio stations. The Myanmar Radio National Service is the national radio service and broadcasts mostly in Burmese (and in English during specific times. Myanmar Radio National Service (formerly Burma Broadcasting Service, or BBS) is the national radio service of Myanmar. ) Pop-culture oriented City FM specializes in Burmese and English pop music, entertainment programs, live local celebrity interviews, etc. Pop music as a genre features a noticeable rhythmic element catchy melodies and hooks, a mainstream style and conventional structure
Nearly all print media and industries are based out of Yangon. All three national newspapers--two Burmese language dailies Myanma Alin and Kyemon, and the English language The New Light of Myanmar are published by the government. The New Light of Myanmar ( mjànma̰ álín formerly The New Light of Burma) is a government-owned newspaper published by the Ministry of Information and based The New Light of Myanmar ( mjànma̰ álín formerly The New Light of Burma) is a government-owned newspaper published by the Ministry of Information and based Semi-governmental The Myanmar Times weekly, published in Burmese and in English, is mainly geared for Yangon's expatriate community. The Myanmar Times ( mjànmá táɪn is a weekly newspaper based in Yangon, Burma. Over twenty special interest journals and magazines covering sports, fashion, finance, crime, literature (but never politics) are published by private publishers.
Access to foreign media is extremely difficult. Satellite television in Yangon (and in Myanmar) is highly expensive as the government imposes an annual registration fee of one million kyats (780USD).  Foreign newspapers and periodicals such as International Herald Tribune and Singapore Straits Times can be found only in a few (mostly downtown) bookstores. The International Herald Tribune is a widely read English language international Newspaper The Straits Times ( Chinese: 海峡时报 is an English language Broadsheet Newspaper based in Singapore, currently
The majority of Yangonites live outside downtown, and typically spend most of their day commuting to-and-from work. For recreation, Yangonites come out at night when the weather is much cooler. Most men of all ages (and some women) spend their time at ubiquitous tea-shops, found in any corner or street of the city. Watching European football (mostly Premier League with occasional La Liga, Serie A, Bundesliga) matches while sipping tea is a favorite pastime of many Yangonites, rich and poor alike. The Premier League, colloquially referred to as the Premiership, is an English professional league for football clubs The Primera División of the es Liga de Fútbol Profesional ( Professional Football League) commonly known as La Liga or Serie A (officially known as the Lega Calcio Serie A TIM for Sponsorship reasons is a professional league competition for football clubs located The Bundesliga is the highest level of Germany 's football league system. The average person stays close to his or her neighborhood haunts. The well-to-do tend to visit shopping malls and parks on weekends. Some leave the city on weekends for Chaungtha and Ngwesaung beach resorts in Ayeyarwady Division. Ayeyarwady Division or Irrawaddy Division is a division of Burma, occupying the delta region of the Ayeyarwady River (also known as the
Yangon is also home to many paya pwes (pagoda festivals), held during dry-season months (November-March). The most famous of all, the Shwedagon Pagoda Festival in March, attracts thousands of pilgrims from around the country.
The city's museums are the domain of tourists and rarely visited by the locals.
Most of Yangon's larger hotels offer some kind of nightlife entertainment, geared towards tourists and the well-to-do Burmese. Some hotels offer traditional Burmese performing arts shows complete with a traditional Burmese orchestra. The pub scene in larger hotels is more or less the same as elsewhere in Asia. Other options include karaoke bars and pub restaurants in Yangon Chinatown. A Chinatown is a section of an urban area with a large number of Chinese outside the majority-Chinese countries of Greater China.
Yangon is the country’s main center for trade, industry, real estate, media, entertainment and tourism. According to official government statistics, the city’s nominal GDP is K2. 38 trillion (~2 billion USD) in 2007, about 15% of the country’s GDP of $13. 5 billion.
The city is Lower Myanmar’s main trading hub for all kinds of merchandise—from basic food stuffs to used cars. Much of the country’s legal imports and exports go through Thilawa port, the largest and busiest port in Myanmar. Yangon’s external trade is hampered by its underdeveloped banking industry, and facilitated by a thriving blackmarket currency trading industry.
Manufacturing accounts for a sizable share of employment. The city’s industrial zones specializing in light industry and textiles suffer from both structural problems (e. g. , chronic power shortages limiting operating hours to between 8 am and 6 pm) and political problems (i. e. Western economic sanctions).
Construction is a major source of employment in this city of six million although it has been negatively affected by the move of state apparatus and civil servants to Naypyidaw.  New construction activity has declined markedly since. Yangon’s property market is the most expensive in the country and beyond the reach of most Yangonites. The apartments priced between K6 million (5000 USD) and K10 million ($8300), and houses priced between K20 million ($16,600) and K50 million ($41,600) show the highest demand. 
Tourism represents a major source of foreign currency for the city although by Southeast Asian standards the actual number of foreign visitors to Yangon has always been quite low (about 250,000 before Saffron Revolution). The 2007 Burmese anti-government protests were a series of anti-government protests that started in Burma (also known as Union of Myanmar on August 15, Yangon's international standard hotels, built with foreign investment in the 1990s, still await the influx of tourists for which they were built.
Yangon has the best educational facilities and the highest number of qualified teachers in Myanmar where state spending on education is among the lowest in the world. This is a list of colleges and universities in Yangon, Myanmar.  The disparity in educational opportunities and achievement between rich and poor schools is quite stark even within the city. While many students in poor districts fail to reach high school, a handful of Yangon high schools in wealthier districts like TTC, Dagon 1 and Latha 2 regularly send the bulk of the students entering the most selective universities in the country. High schools in Myanmar ( Burmese are operated by the Department of Basic Education under the Ministry of Education in Myanmar. TTC Yangon is known as one of the top and elite high schools in Yangon, Myanmar. Dagon-1, officially Basic Education High School No 1 Dagon, is one of the best known public schools in Myanmar / Burma. The wealthy bypass the Burmese education system altogether, sending their children to private English language instruction schools like the YIEC for primary and secondary education, and abroad (typically Singapore and Australia) for university education. The Yangon International Educare Center YIEC is a High School in Yangon, Myanmar. Singapore For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. 
With over 13000 undergraduate students and 1000 graduate students, University of Yangon, the oldest university in Myanmar, is also its largest. Yangon University (also University of Yangon) ( Burmese:) located in Kamayut, Yangon, is the largest and most well-known university The city's University of Medicine 1, University of Medicine 2, Yangon Technological University, Yangon University of Computer Studies and Yangon Institute of Marine Technology are the most selective in the country. The University of Medicine-1 ( formerly the Institute of Medicine-1) is the oldest of four medical institutions in Myanmar (formerly Burma Yangon University of Medicine-2 (North Okkala) also known as IM-2 (Burmese- was an independent University of Medicine located in the outskirt of Yangon. Yangon Technological University (YTU (Burmese) is the premier engineering university of Burma, located in Gyogone Yangon. The University of Computer Studies Yangon is the top IT and computer science university located in Yangon, Burma. Yangon Institute of Marine Technology, ( Burmese is an institution offering bachelor of engineering and bachelor of science degrees  Yangon also attracts many students from around the country as many majors are offered only in its universities.
The general state of health care in Yangon is poor. This is a list of hospitals and clinics in Yangon, Myanmar. Public Yangon General Hospital New Yangon General Hospital The military government spends anywhere from 0. 5% to 3% of its GDP on health care.  Although health care is nominally free, the reality is that patients have to pay for medicine and treatment, even in public clinics and hospitals. Public hospitals including the flagship Yangon General Hospital lack many of the basic facilities and equipment. Yangon General Hospital ( formerly known as the Rangoon General Hospital) built in 1911 is a major hospital located in Yangon.
To be sure, wealthier Yangonites still have access to country's best medical facilities and internationally qualified physicians and surgeons in all branches of medicine. A physician, medical practitioner or medical doctor who practices Medicine, and is concerned with maintaining or restoring human Health In Medicine, a surgeon is a person who performs Surgery. Surgery is a broad category of invasive Medical treatment that involves the cutting of a (As many Burmese physicians have emigrated abroad, only do Yangon and Mandalay have any sizable number of physicians left. Mandalay is the second largest city and the last royal capital of Burma (Myanmar and is the economic and cultural hub of Upper Burma ) The well-to-do go to private clinics or hospitals like Pun Hlaing International Hospital and Bahosi Medical Clinic. The rich and top military brass routinely go abroad (usually Bangkok or Singapore) for treatment. Bangkok, known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (krūŋtʰêːp máhǎːnákʰɔn) or Krung Thep ( for short is the Capital, largest Singapore
Downtown Yangon, facing Sule Pagoda and Hlaing River
Downtown Yangon by Night
Karaweik Palace on Kandawgyi Lake
Shwedagon Pagoda, a Landmark of Yangon
Ngahtatgyi Buddha image
Downtown Yangon in the Evening
Taxi at Yangon City Hall
Yangon River Jetty