|William Donald Schaefer|
1971 – 1987
|Preceded by||Thomas D'Alesandro III|
|Succeeded by||Clarence H. Burns|
58th Governor of Maryland
January 20, 1987 – January 18, 1995
|Preceded by||Harry Hughes|
|Succeeded by||Parris Glendening|
January 25, 1999 – January 22, 2007
|Preceded by||Robert L. Swann|
|Succeeded by||Peter Franchot|
|Born||November 2, 1921 |
|Spouse||Hilda Mae Snoops (companion)|
William Donald Schaefer (born November 2, 1921) is an American politician who served in public office for 50 years at both the state and local level in Maryland. Thomas D'Alesandro III (b July 24, 1929) is a former Democratic Mayor of Baltimore. Clarence H "Du" Burns ( September 13, 1918 – January 12, 2003) was a Democratic politician and Mayor of The Governor of Maryland heads the Executive branch of the government of the U Events 250 - Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Year 1987 ( MCMLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar) Events 350 - Generallus Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 The Lieutenant Governor of Maryland is the second highest ranking official in the Executive branch of the state government of Maryland in the Melvin A Steinberg ( October 4, 1933 &ndash was the Lieutenant Governor of Maryland from 1987 to 1995 under Governor Harry Roe Hughes (born November 13, 1926) a member of the United States Democratic Party, was the 57th Governor of Maryland Parris Nelson Glendening (born June 11, 1942) a member of the United States Democratic Party, was the 59th Governor of Maryland in the The Comptroller of Maryland, United States currently Peter Franchot, is the state's Chief financial officer and is also elected by the people for a four year term Events 41 - After a night of negotiation Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Events 565 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Robert L Swann may refer to Robert L Swann (comptroller of Maryland (born 1935 comptroller of the State of Maryland in the United States Peter V R Franchot (born November 25, 1947) has been the Comptroller of Maryland since January 2007 Events 1570 - A Tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland, killing more than 1000 Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The Episcopal Church is the official name of the Province of the Anglican Communion in the United States. Events 1570 - A Tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland, killing more than 1000 Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A Democrat, he was mayor of Baltimore from 1971 to 1987, the 58th Governor of Maryland from 1987 to 1995, and the Comptroller of Maryland from 1999 to 2007. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The Governor of Maryland heads the Executive branch of the government of the U The Comptroller of Maryland, United States currently Peter Franchot, is the state's Chief financial officer and is also elected by the people for a four year term On September 12, 2006, Schaefer was defeated in his reelection bid for Comptroller by Maryland Delegate Peter Franchot in the Democratic Party primary. Events 1213 - Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Peter V R Franchot (born November 25, 1947) has been the Comptroller of Maryland since January 2007
Schaefer was born in Baltimore, Maryland to William Henry and Tululu Irene Schaefer, Lutherans of German descent, on November 2, 1921. Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther The German people (Deutsche are an Ethnic group, in the sense of sharing a common German culture, descent and speaking the German language as Events 1570 - A Tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland, killing more than 1000 Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar He received early education in Baltimore's public schools, and later graduated from Baltimore City College in 1939. The Baltimore City College ( BCC) also referred to as The Castle on the Hill, historically The College, and most commonly City, is a public Schaefer received a LL.B. degree from the University of Baltimore School of Law in 1942 and an LL.M. in 1954. The Bachelor of Laws (abbreviated LLB, LLB or rarely LlB) is an undergraduate or bachelor degree in law offered in most Common law The University of Baltimore (UB located in downtown Baltimore Maryland in the Mt The Master of Laws is an advanced Academic degree, or research degree and is commonly abbreviated LL
Schaefer was a member of the Order of DeMolay in Baltimore as a youth. DeMolay International (Also known as the Order of DeMolay) founded in Kansas City Missouri in 1919 is an international youth fraternity for young men He was later inducted into the DeMolay International Hall of Fame. DeMolay International (Also known as the Order of DeMolay) founded in Kansas City Missouri in 1919 is an international youth fraternity for young men
When the United States entered World War II, Schaefer joined the United States Army and achieved officer, taking charge of administering hospitals in England and the rest of Europe. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland He remained in the U. S. Army Reserves until 1979, when he retired with the rank of colonel. Colonel ( RP ˈkɜnəl GA ˈkɜrnəl is a Military rank of a Commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every country
Schaefer resumed his legal career afterwards, practicing real estate law. Real estate is a legal term (in some jurisdictions notably in the USA, United Kingdom He earned a Master of Law degree in 1954 from the University of Baltimore School of Law and formed a general practice law firm with two colleagues. Except for his military service, he lived unmarried with his mother in two different very plain West Baltimore row-houses all his life, until moving to the Governor's Mansion at age 65.
Schaefer ran for a seat in the Maryland House of Delegates in 1950 and again in 1954 and lost both elections.  He was successful in his campaign for a seat on the Baltimore City Council in 1955 when his concern for city planning and housing issues propelled him to a seat representing the 5th District. The Baltimore City Council is the legislative branch that governs the City of Baltimore and its nearly 700000 citizens In 1967, Schaefer ran successfully for Baltimore City Council president and, four years later, he ran successfully for the mayor's office. Schaefer served four terms as mayor, being re-elected in 1975, 1979 and 1983, each time receiving 85% or more of the vote. He was known for his attention to detail, taking notes of strewn garbage and other violations as he rode around, and ordering them fixed immediately. A famous photograph shows him dressed in an old-fashioned striped bathing suit, in the seal pool at the then-new National Aquarium in Baltimore to settle a wager that it would not be opened in time. The National Aquarium in Baltimore is a public Aquarium located at 501 E Pratt St
Throughout his tenure as mayor, Schaefer constantly battled Robert Irsay, the owner of the Baltimore Colts of the National Football League. Robert Irsay (born March 5, 1923 &mdash died January 14, 1997) was the longtime owner of the National Football League's Baltimore/Indianapolis The Indianapolis Colts are a professional American football team based in Indianapolis Indiana. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. Irsay complained that Memorial Stadium, which the Colts shared with the American League's Baltimore Orioles, was antiquated due to a lack of quality seats and inadequate parking. Memorial Stadium was a Sports Stadium in Baltimore Maryland, that formerly stood on 33rd Street The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League ( AL) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in The Baltimore Orioles are a professional baseball team based in Baltimore, Maryland. However, in early 1984, Schaefer extracted a promise from Irsay that the Colts owner would call Schaefer first before moving the team. However, in the early morning hours of March 29, 1984, Mayflower moving vans began relocating the Colts from the team's Owings Mills training facility to Indianapolis. Events 1461 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Owings Mills is an Unincorporated community and a Census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. Schaefer lamented that "[Irsay] didn't call his old friend, Don" before the move.
The Colts were not the first professional sports team to leave Baltimore on Schaefer's watch. In 1973, the Baltimore Bullets went down Interstate 95 to Landover, Maryland and were re-named the Capital Bullets, and later, the Washington Bullets. Interstate 95 in Maryland is a major highway that runs diagonally from northeast to southwest from Maryland's border with Delaware, to the Woodrow Landover is an area of Prince George's County in the State of Maryland in the United States of America. In 1997, the Bullets, now known as the Washington Wizards, moved out of Maryland completely and into downtown Washington, D.C. and the new MCI Center. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D The Verizon Center (formerly MCI Center until March 5, 2006) is a sports and entertainment arena in Washington D
In his last years as mayor, and later during his two terms as governor, Schaefer led the push to build Oriole Park at Camden Yards for the Orioles and M&T Bank Stadium for a new NFL team, which came to fruition in 1996 when Art Modell moved the Cleveland Browns to Baltimore, where the team was re-christened the Baltimore Ravens. Oriole Park at Camden Yards is a ballpark located in Baltimore Maryland, which was completed in 1992 to replace the aging Memorial Stadium. M&T Bank Stadium is the home to the Baltimore Ravens, Baltimore's National Football League franchise Arthur B Modell (born June 23, 1925, Brooklyn, New York) is a former National Football League team owner The Cleveland Browns are a professional American football team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The Baltimore Ravens are a professional American football team based in Baltimore Maryland.
Schaefer, with running mate Melvin Steinberg, was overwhelmingly elected the 58th governor of Maryland in 1986, defeating Republican challenger Thomas J. Mooney with 82% of the vote, the largest percentage total ever for a contested statewide election in Maryland. Construction She was laid down by the Litton-Ingalls Shipbuilding Corporation at Pascagoula Mississippi on 15 November 1984 launched on 14 February 1986 and commissioned Melvin A Steinberg ( October 4, 1933 &ndash was the Lieutenant Governor of Maryland from 1987 to 1995 under Governor Thomas J Mooney may refer to Thomas Joseph Mooney, US labor leader who was imprisoned for a terrorist act Thomas J He was re-elected in 1990 with almost 60% of the vote.
Schaefer's legacy includes the construction of Oriole Park at Camden Yards, stricter measures taken against preventing and solving the Chesapeake Bay pollution problem, higher standards for public schools, and higher tax rates. Oriole Park at Camden Yards is a ballpark located in Baltimore Maryland, which was completed in 1992 to replace the aging Memorial Stadium. The Chesapeake Bay is the largest Estuary in the United States. The term public school has two distinct (and virtually opposite meanings depending on the location of usage in the United States, Australia and
Schaefer as governor also pushed for the light rail line of electric-powered trains that runs 30 miles from Hunt Valley in Baltimore County, through the heart of Baltimore City, past Oriole Park at Camden Yards, to Cromwell Station/Glen Burnie in Anne Arundel County, near BWI Airport. The Maryland Transit Administration Light Rail is a Light rail system serving Baltimore Maryland, United States, and the surrounding suburbs  The first 22. 5 miles of the light rail line was opened in April 1992 at a cost of near $400 million. Three extensions totaling 7. 5 miles opened in late 1997 at a cost of $106 million. 
Detractors remind the public that, in the winter of 1991, Gov. Schaefer compared Maryland's Eastern Shore to an outhouse (he referred to the region as a "shithouse"). The Eastern Shore of Maryland is composed of the state's nine counties east of the Chesapeake Bay. An outhouse, usually refers to a type of Toilet in a small structure separate from the main building which does not have a flush or sewer attached When the remark circulated, Eastern Shore residents erupted in protest.
In 1992, Democratic Governor Schaefer endorsed Republican George H. W. Bush in the Presidential Election over Bill Clinton.  "He was a great man. I liked him; he was a friend. I went up to Camp David with him. " 
Schaefer retired from his position as governor in 1995 after serving the maximum two terms.
Following his career as governor, Schaefer became Of Counsel to the law firm of Gordon, Feinblatt, Rothman, Hoffberger & Hollander, LLC, in Baltimore until 1999. A law firm is a business entity formed by one or more Lawyers to engage in the practice of law A limited liability company (abbreviated LLC or LLC) in the law of the vast majority of the United States is a legal form of business Company The William Donald Schaefer Chair was established at University of Maryland, College Park's School of Public Affairs in 1995. The University of Maryland College Park (often referred to as The University of Maryland UMD, UMCP or simply Maryland) is a public research Schaefer held the position until 1999, at which time the program was expanded to include funded internships.
Schaefer had a long-time companion in Hilda Mae Snoops, who was his "official hostess" in the Governor's mansion. She commissioned a controversial Victorian-style outdoor fountain and helped design a rose garden and walkways. The fountain is featured in her First Lady's portrait. After her death in 1999, it became a source of controversy as Schaefer accused his successor, Parris Glendening, of using it to get political revenge by turning it off, supposedly to save water even though it recycles existing water. Parris Nelson Glendening (born June 11, 1942) a member of the United States Democratic Party, was the 59th Governor of Maryland in the Upon becoming Governor, Robert Ehrlich held a ceremony to turn the water back on in the fountain. For the Entrepreneur and Businessman, see Robert Ehrlich. Robert Leroy "Bob" Ehrlich Jr Snoops is interred in the mausoleum at Dulaney Valley Memorial Gardens, with an adjacent place reserved for Schaefer. Dulaney Valley Memorial Gardens and Mausoleum is a Cemetery and mausoleum
In 1998, after the sudden death of longtime (forty years in office) Comptroller and Maryland political legend Louis Goldstein, Schaefer ran for the position of Comptroller of Maryland against Republican Mark Epstein. Louis Goldstein may refer to Louis L Goldstein, politician Louis M The Comptroller of Maryland, United States currently Peter Franchot, is the state's Chief financial officer and is also elected by the people for a four year term Schaefer won by a substantial margin, 62% to 38%. He came into the office in January of 1999. In 2002, Schaefer remained extremely popular in Maryland and received almost 68% of the vote in the general election.
Schaefer feuded frequently with Governor Parris Glendening at the bi-monthly Board of Public Works (BPW) meetings. Parris Nelson Glendening (born June 11, 1942) a member of the United States Democratic Party, was the 59th Governor of Maryland in the Schaefer once called Glendening a "despot" and often chided him. Schaefer frequently referred to Glendening as "Ayatollah. Ayatollah ( Persian: آيتالله, âyato-llâh, from Arabic: آية الله, āyatu 'llāh, meaning 'the sign of " Schaefer enjoyed considerably warmer relations with Governor Robert Ehrlich, the Republican who succeeded Glendening in January 2003. For the Entrepreneur and Businessman, see Robert Ehrlich. Robert Leroy "Bob" Ehrlich Jr
As Comptroller, Schaefer regularly spoke critically of immigrants who cannot communicate in English. He was particularly well known for his May 2004 comment about a non-English-speaking McDonald's cashier. 
Schaefer also stirred up controversy on October 12, 2004, when he called people with AIDS "a danger". Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " He said that those with the disease "brought it on themselves. " Since the 1990s, he has repeatedly called for a public registry listing HIV-positive Maryland residents. Human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV) is a Lentivirus (a member of the Retrovirus family that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome "As far as I'm concerned, people who have AIDS are a danger," Schaefer said. "People should be able to know who has AIDS. "
On February 15, 2006, Schaefer made suggestive comments to Elizabeth Krum, a 24-year-old assistant to then-Governor Robert Ehrlich. Events 590 - Khosrau II is crowned as king of Persia 1637 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. For the Entrepreneur and Businessman, see Robert Ehrlich. Robert Leroy "Bob" Ehrlich Jr Responding to Schaefer's request for tea, Krum set a thermal mug in front of him. Schaefer watched her walk away, then beckoned for her to return. When she obliged, he told her, "Walk again," staring after her as she left the conference room. Schaefer initially refused to apologize, saying, "She's a pretty little girl. She ought to be damn happy that I observed her going out the door. The day I don't look at pretty women is the day I die. " (Schaefer has long called the women with whom he works "little girls. ") However, within days of the leering incident Schaefer issued a handwritten letter to Ms. Krum informing her she had handled the affair as a "trooper. "
On July 5, 2006, Schaefer launched into a rambling commentary on immigration as the public works board considered a contract to provide testing services for the English as a Second Language (ESOL) program in Maryland schools. Events 1295 - Scotland and France form an alliance the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. As state education officials tried to explain the contract, Schaefer demanded to know whether the program would benefit Korean students. "Korea's another one, all of a sudden they're our friends, too, shooting missiles at us," he said. Schaefer was referring to North Korea's test launch earlier that week of a long-range missile, which fell into the ocean. North Korea is the commonly used short form name for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (or DPRK) a State located in East Asia, Schaefer refused to apologize for his comments after a meeting with South Korean community leaders. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː 
Also on July 5, 2006, when he was questioned by a female Baltimore Sun reporter about the ESOL program, Schaefer's response was to call her a "sweet little girl. Events 1295 - Scotland and France form an alliance the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Baltimore Sun (officially just The Sun) is Maryland ’s largest general circulation daily newspaper and provides comprehensive coverage "
Schaefer faced a competitive primary challenge for Comptroller in 2006. The 2006 Maryland Comptroller election decided the next Comptroller of the state of Maryland in the United States. He was challenged by Anne Arundel County Executive Janet S. Owens and Delegate Peter Franchot (District 20). Anne Arundel County (ˌænəˈrʌndəl with a stress on the run) is a County located in the U Janet S Owens (born February 18, 1944, in Lothian Maryland) is an American politician and Democrat who served as County Executive Peter V R Franchot (born November 25, 1947) has been the Comptroller of Maryland since January 2007 The campaign initially looked like a struggle between Schaefer and Franchot. After contemplating running for Congress from the seat Ben Cardin vacated to run for Senate, Owens jumped in the comptroller race. The Third Congressional District of Maryland elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives every two years Benjamin Louis "Ben" Cardin (born October 5 1943) is a Democratic member of the United States Senate representing the state of
In early July 2006, when asked if he would debate Owens, he said he "wouldn't debate her on how to bake a chocolate cake. " Franchot campaigned strongly as the "Only real Democrat in the race. " On September 5, 2006, Schaefer told Marc Fisher, Washington Post columnist, that Janet Owens is a "prissy little miss" who wears "long dresses, looks like Mother Hubbard -- it's sort of like she was a man. Events 1590 - Alexander Farnese 's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Washington Post is the largest and most circulated Newspaper in Washington D " Old Mother Hubbard " is a Nursery rhyme. Speculative claims have been made that this had to do with Thomas Cardinal Wolsey refusing Henry VIII " He made additional comments that she was "getting fat. " Later, in an on air interview with local news station News Channel 8, he further commented that "She's got these long clothes on and an old fashioned hairdo. News Channel 8 is a regional cable Television network serving Washington D You know it sort of makes you real mad".  On September 8, 2006, another local news station, WUSA9, showed an off-screen reporter asking him, "Did you call her an Old Mother Hubbard?" to which he responded, "Well, what does she look like? . Events 70 - Roman forces under Titus sack Jerusalem. 1264 - The Statute of Kalisz Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. For the former Minneapolis TV station see KARE. WUSA is a television station broadcasting on channel 9 in Washington D " Old Mother Hubbard " is a Nursery rhyme. Speculative claims have been made that this had to do with Thomas Cardinal Wolsey refusing Henry VIII . . Old-fashioned hair-do; long dress . . . If I lose or win - whatever I do - I'm gonna send her some Style magazines. " His campaign called a press conference, but he failed to show. Owens commented that perhaps Schaefer had become too old to run, saying that running against him was like a granddaughter "taking the keys away from grandpa. " In response, Schaefer and his campaign hinted that Owens was lashing out at him in an act of age discrimination. Ageism is Stereotyping and Prejudice against individuals or groups because of their age One viewer wrote in, suggesting that perhaps Schaefer was showing signs of dementia. Dementia (from Latin de- "apart away" + Mens ( genitive mentis) "mind" is the progressive decline The anchor responded that she pointed out "the elephant in the room" that, until then, the media was hesitant to suggest.  Schaefer refused to apologize for his comments regarding Owens' appearance, saying: "An apology? An apology for what? I can't help it how she looks. " Asked about his heated exchanges with Owens, Schaefer said, "This was started not by me. " He added, "There's dirty politics, and then there's filthy politics". 
On September 12, during the Democratic primary election, Schaefer and Owens were both defeated by Franchot. Thus ended Schaefer's long career in elected office. The tight three-way race saw Franchot winning the District of Columbia suburbs (Montgomery County and Prince George's County), Owens winning in Central Maryland (Howard County and Anne Arundel County), and Schaefer holding his own in the Baltimore area (Baltimore City and Baltimore County). Montgomery County of the US state of Maryland is situated just north of Washington D Prince George's County is located in the US state of Maryland located immediately north east and south of Washington D Howard County is a County located in the central part of the U Anne Arundel County (ˌænəˈrʌndəl with a stress on the run) is a County located in the U Baltimore County is a County located in the northern part of the U The three candidates finished in the following order: Franchot, Owens, and Schaefer. There were less than 15,000 votes between Franchot and Owens.  This was Schaefer's first campaign loss since 1955.
Schaefer's last day at work as Comptroller was January 19, 2007. Events 1419 - Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. He was succeeded by Franchot, who won the general election, on January 22, and was not present for Franchot's swearing in. Events 565 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus. 
In August 2007, the Baltimore Sun newspaper featured an article about a tattoo of the likeness of William Donald Schaefer needled onto the arm of Drew Pumphrey. The Baltimore Sun (officially just The Sun) is Maryland ’s largest general circulation daily newspaper and provides comprehensive coverage A tattoo is a permanent marking made by inserting ink into the layers of Skin to change the pigment for decorative or other reasons Pumphrey is a 31-year-old Glen Burnie native and complete stranger to the ex-mayor, ex-governor, and ex-comptroller. Glen Burnie is a Census-designated place (CDP in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States, and is a Suburb of Baltimore 
Thomas L. J. D'Alesandro III
|Mayor of Baltimore|
Clarence H. Burns
|Governor of Maryland|
Robert L. Swann
|Comptroller of Maryland|