Willem de Vlamingh
Willem de Vlamingh (born 28 November 1640, Vlieland - around 1698) was a Dutch sea-captain who explored the southwest coast of Australia (then "New Holland") in the late 17th century. For the town in Argentina, see 28 de Noviembre. Events Vlieland ( Flylân is a Municipality in the northern Netherlands. The Dutch people ( Dutch:) are the dominant Ethnic group of the Netherlands. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. New Holland is a historic name for the Island Continent of Australia. As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 17th Century was that Century which lasted from 1601 - 1700 in the Gregorian calendar
Vlamingh joined the VOC (Dutch East India Company) in 1688 and made his first voyage to Batavia in the same year. Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta) is the Capital and largest city of Indonesia. Following a second voyage, in 1694, he was asked to mount an expedition to search for the Ridderschap van Holland, a VOC capital ship that was lost with 325 passengers and crew on its way to Batavia in 1694. VOC officials believed it might have run aground on the west coast of New Holland.
In 1696, Willem de Vlamingh commanded the rescue mission to Australia's west coast to look for survivors of the Ridderschap van Holland that had gone missing two years earlier. The mission proved fruitless, but along the way Vlamingh charted parts of the continent's western coast and as a result improved navigation on the Indian Ocean route from the African Cape of Good Hope to the Dutch East Indies. There were three ships under his command: the frigate De Geelvink, captained by de Vlamingh himself; the hooker De Nijptang, under Captain Gerrit Collaert; and the galiot Weseltje, under Captain Joshua de Vlamingh, son of Willem de Vlamingh. For the bird see Frigatebird. A frigate /ˈfrɪgɪt/ is a warship Geelvinck (in English Yellow finch) was a Dutch surname The family died out in the early 19th century Galiots (or galliots) were types of ships from the Age of Sail. The expedition departed Amsterdam on 2 May 1696
- On December 29, 1696, he landed on Rottnest Island. Events 1194 - King Richard I of England gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter. Events 1170 - Thomas Becket: Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II Rottnest Island is located 18 km off the coast of Western Australia, near Fremantle. He saw numerous quokkas there, (a native marsupial ), and thinking they were large rats, he named the island "rats' nest" (Rottenest in Dutch) because of them. The Quokka ( Setonix brachyurus) the only member of the genus Setonix, is a small Macropod about the size of a large domestic cat
- On January 10, 1697, he ventured up the Swan River. Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. The Swan River estuary flows through the city of Perth, in the south west of Western Australia. He and his crew are believed to have been the first Europeans to do so. He named the Swan River (Zwaanenrivier in Dutch) after the large numbers of Black Swans that he observed there. The Black Swan ( Cygnus atratus) is a large waterbird which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest regions of Australia.
- On February 4 1697, he landed at Dirk Hartog Island, Western Australia, and replaced Dirk Hartog’s pewter plate with a new one that bore a record of both of the Dutch sea-captain's visits. Events 211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons Dirk Hartog Island is an island off the Gascoyne coast of Western Australia, within the Shark Bay World Heritage Area Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of the Australian continent. Dirk Hartog (1582 — 1631 was a 17th century Dutch sailor and Explorer, Dirk Hartog's expedition was the second European group to land on Australian Pewter is a Metal Alloy, traditionally between 85 and 99 percent Tin, with the remainder consisting of Copper and Antimony, acting The original plate is preserved in the Rijksmuseumin Amsterdam. Rijksmuseum ( English: State Museum is the general name for a National museum in the Dutch language.
- Playford, Phillip E. (1998) Voyage of discovery to Terra Australis : by Willem De Vlamingh in 1696-97Perth, W. A. Western Australian Museum. ISBN 0730712214
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