Wiley Post in his early pressure suit
|Born||November 22, 1898|
Van Zandt County, Texas, U.S.A.
|Died||August 15, 1935 (aged 36)|
Point Barrow, Alaska, U.S.A.
|Spouse||Mae Laine (m. Events 498 - Kofi Aseidu- After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran Year 1898 ( MDCCCXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Van Zandt County is a County located in the US state of Texas. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, at which Roland is killed Year 1935 ( MCMXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Point Barrow or Nuvuk is a headland on the Arctic coast of the U Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Wiley Hardeman Post ( November 22, 1898 &ndash August 15, 1935) was the first pilot to fly solo around the world 27 June 1927)|
|Parents||William Francis Post and Mae Quinlan Post|
Wiley Hardeman Post (November 22, 1898 – August 15, 1935) was the first pilot to fly solo around the world. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The Steven F Udvar-Hazy Center is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM's annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in Events 498 - Kofi Aseidu- After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran Year 1898 ( MDCCCXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, at which Roland is killed Year 1935 ( MCMXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Also known for his work in high altitude flying, Post helped develop one of the first pressure suits. A pressure suit is a protective suit worn by high-altitude pilots who may fly at altitudes where the air pressure is too low for an unprotected person to survive even breathing pure oxygen His plywood monocoque aircraft, the Winnie Mae is on display at the National Air and Space Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center adjacent to Dulles International Airport in Chantilly, Virginia, and his pressure suit is also on display at the same location. Plywood is a type of Engineered board made from thin sheets of Wood, called plies or veneers Monocoque, from the French for single ( mono) and shell ( coque) is a construction technique that supports structural load by using an object's external The National Air and Space Museum (NASM of the Smithsonian Institution is a museum in Washington D The Steven F Udvar-Hazy Center is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM's annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in Washington Dulles International Airport is a public Airport located 25 miles (40 km) west of the Central business district of Washington D Chantilly is an Unincorporated community located in western Fairfax County and southeastern Loudoun County of Northern Virginia. On August 15, 1935, Post and American humorist Will Rogers were killed when Post's plane crashed on takeoff from a lagoon near Point Barrow, in Alaska. Events 778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, at which Roland is killed Year 1935 ( MCMXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A humorist is a person who writes or performs humorous material This page is about the humorist for others with similar names see William Rogers. Point Barrow or Nuvuk is a headland on the Arctic coast of the U Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent
Post was born in Van Zandt County, Texas, but his family moved to Oklahoma when he was five. His aviation career began at age 26 as a parachutist for a flying circus, Burrell Tibbs and His Texas Topnotch Fliers, and he became well known on the barnstorming circuit. On 1 October 1926, an oil field accident cost him his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 1926 ( MCMXXVI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Around this time, he met fellow Oklahoman Will Rogers when he flew Rogers to a rodeo, and the two eventually became close friends. Post was the personal pilot of wealthy Oklahoma oilmen Powell Briscoe and F. C. Hall in 1930 when Hall bought a high-wing, single-engine Lockheed Vega, one of the most famous record-breaking planes of the early 1930s. The oilman nicknamed the plane Winnie Mae, after his daughter, and Post achieved his first national prominence in it by winning the National Air Race Derby, from Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles to Chicago, Illinois|Chicago. The plane's fuselage was inscribed, "Los Angeles to Chicago 9 hrs. 9 min. 4 sec. Aug. 27, 1930".
Like many pilots at the time, Post disliked the fact that the speed record for flying around the world was not held by a fixed-wing aircraft, but by the Graf Zeppelin, piloted by Hugo Eckener in 1929 with a time of 21 days. A Zeppelin is a type of Rigid airship pioneered by the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century based on designs he had outlined Dr Hugo Eckener ( August 10, 1868 &ndash August 14, 1954) was the head of the Luftschiffbau Zeppelin in the inter-war years and was On June 23, 1931, Post and his navigator, Harold Gatty, left Roosevelt Field on Long Island, New York in the Winnie Mae with a flight plan that would take them around the world, making fourteen stops along the way in Newfoundland, England, Germany, the Soviet Union, Alaska, Alberta, Canada and Cleveland, Ohio before returning to Roosevelt Field. Events 1180 - First Battle of Uji, starting the Genpei War in Japan 1305 - The Flemish Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Harold Charles Gatty ( 5 January, 1903, Campbell Town, Tasmania - 30 August, 1957, Fiji) was an Australian Long Island is an island located in southeastern New York, USA, its western shores directly across from Manhattan, from which the island stretches The Dominion of Newfoundland was a British dominion from 1907 (before which the territory had the status of a British colony to 1949 England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent Alberta (ælˈbɝtə is one of Canada's prairie provinces. It became a province on September 1 1905 Cleveland is a City in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state They arrived back on July 1 after traveling 15,474 miles in the record time of 8 days and 15 hours and 51 minutes. "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. The reception they received rivaled Lindbergh's everywhere they went. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout They had lunch at the White House on July 6, rode in a ticker-tape parade the next day in New York City, and were honored at a banquet given by the Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America at the Hotel Astor. See also Executive Office of the President of the United States The White House, formerly known as the Executive Mansion, is the Official residence Events 1044 - The Battle of Ménfő takes place 1189 - Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England A ticker-tape parade is a Parade event held in a downtown urban setting allowing the jettison of large amounts of shredded paper products from nearby Office The City of New York After the flight, Post acquired the Winnie Mae from F. C. Hall, and he and Gatty published an account of their journey titled, Around the World in Eight Days, with an introduction by Will Rogers.
After the record-setting flight, Post wanted to open his own aeronautical school, but could not raise enough financial support because of doubts many had about his rural background and limited formal education. Motivated by his detractors, Post decided to attempt a solo flight around the world and to break his previous speed record. Over the next year, Post improved his aircraft by installing an autopilot device and a radio compass that were in their final stages of development by the Sperry Gyroscope Company and the United States Army. An autopilot is a mechanical electrical or hydraulic system used to guide a vehicle without assistance from a human being A compass, magnetic compass or mariner's compass is a navigational instrument for determining direction relative to the earth's Magnetic poles It consists Sperry Corporation (1910-1986 was a major American equipment and Electronics company whose existence spanned more than seven decades of the twentieth century The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. In 1933, he repeated his flight around the world, this time using the auto-pilot and compass in place of his navigator and becoming the first to accomplish the feat alone. 50,000 people greeted him on his return to Brooklyn's Floyd Bennett Field on July 22 after 7 days, 19 hours -- 21 hours less than his previous record, and he was given a second ticker-tape parade in New York. Brooklyn (named after the Dutch town Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. Floyd Bennett Field, now defunct as an active airfield was New York City 's first municipal Airport. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of
In 1934, with financial support from Frank Phillips of the Phillips Petroleum Company, Post began exploring the limits of high-altitude, long-distance flight. ConocoPhillips Company ( is an international energy corporation with its headquarters located in Houston Texas. The Winnie Mae's cabin could not be pressurized so he worked with Russell S. Colley of the B.F. Goodrich Company to develop what became the world's first practical pressure suit. Goodrich Corporation (formerly the BF Goodrich Company), is an American Aerospace manufacturing company based in Charlotte North Carolina A pressure suit is a protective suit worn by high-altitude pilots who may fly at altitudes where the air pressure is too low for an unprotected person to survive even breathing pure oxygen The body of the suit had three layers: long underwear, an inner black rubber air pressure bladder, and an outer suit made of rubberised parachute fabric. The outer suit was glued to a frame with arm and leg joints that allowed him to operate the flight controls and to walk to and from the aircraft. Attached to the frame were pigskin gloves, rubber boots, and an aluminium and plastic diver's helmet. The helmet had a removable faceplate that could be sealed at a height of 17,000 feet, and could accommodate earphones and a throat microphone. In the first flight using the suit on September 5, 1934, Post reached an altitude of 40,000 feet above Chicago. Events 1590 - Alexander Farnese 's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris. Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Eventually flying as high as 50,000 feet, Post discovered the jet stream and made the first major practical advances in pressurized flight. Jet streams are fast flowing relatively narrow air currents found at the Tropopause, the transition between the Troposphere (where temperature decreases The suit is currently on display at the National Air and Space Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center.
Between February 22 and June 15, 1935, Post made four unsuccessful attempts to complete the first high altitude non-stop flight from Los Angeles to New York all of which failed for various mechanical reasons. The first attempt on February 22 ended just 57. 5 miles East of Los Angeles at Muroc, CA. This was was followed by attempts on March 15 (Cleveland, OH; 2,035 miles), April 14 (Lafayette, IN; 1,760 miles), and June 15 (Wichita, KS; 1,188 miles). As the attempts were also meant to be the "First Air Mail Stratosphere Flight" over U. S. Air Mail Route #2 (AM-2) from Los Angeles to New York, Post also carried a quantity of cacheted covers sponsored by Transcontinental & Western Air, Inc on all four flights. Trans World Airlines ( TWA) renamed TWA Airlines LLC in 2001 was a major U When Post was killed on August 15, 1935, thus ending the possibility of any more attempts to complete the AM-2 stratosphere flight, the covers were finally cancelled in Los Angeles on August 20, 1935, and forwarded to their addressees.
In 1935 Post became interested in surveying a mail-and-passenger air route from the West Coast of the United States to Russia. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Short on cash, he built a plane using parts salvaged from two different aircraft: The fuselage of an airworthy Lockheed Orion and the wing of a wrecked experimental Lockheed Explorer. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The Lockheed Explorer was the least successful wooden airplane design produced by the Lockheed Aircraft Company. The Explorer wing was six feet longer in span than the Orion's original wing, an advantage which extended the hybrid aircraft's range. As the Explorer wing did not have retractable landing gear, it also lent itself to the fitting of floats for landing in the lakes of Alaska and Siberia. A floatplane is a type of Seaplane, with slender Pontoons (known as "floats" mounted under the fuselage only the floats of a floatplane normally come Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent Siberia (Сиби́рь Sibir) is the name given to the vast region constituting almost all of Northern Asia and for the most part currently serving Post's friend Will Rogers visited him often at the airport in Burbank, California while he was building the aircraft, and asked Post to fly him through Alaska in search of new material for his newspaper column. This page is about the humorist for others with similar names see William Rogers. Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County California, United States. When the floats Post had ordered did not arrive at Seattle in time, he used a set that was designed for a larger plane, making the already nose-heavy hybrid aircraft still more nose-heavy.  (One source has stated that the floats were the correct type for the aircraft. )
After making a test flight in July, Post and Rogers left Seattle in the plane in early August. While Post piloted the plane, Rogers wrote his columns on his typewriter. On August 15 they left Fairbanks, Alaska for Point Barrow. Fairbanks (ˈfɛrbæŋks is a Home Rule City in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska, United States. Point Barrow or Nuvuk is a headland on the Arctic coast of the U They were a few miles from Point Barrow when they became uncertain of their position in bad weather and landed in a lagoon to ask directions. The engine failed on take off, at low altitude, and the aircraft, uncontrollably nose-heavy at low speed, plunged into the lagoon, shearing off the right wing and ending inverted in the shallow water of the lagoon. Both men died instantly.
In 1936, the Smithsonian Institution acquired the Winnie Mae from Post's widow for $25,000. The Smithsonian Institution (smɪθsoʊnɪən is an educational and research institute and associated Museum complex administered and funded by the Government of The United States Congress authorized the purchase on August 24, 1935, just nine days after Post's death in Alaska. Two monuments at the crash site commemorate the death of the two men and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of
Additionally, a large FAA designated reliever airport in Oklahoma City is named after Post. Wiley Post Airport is a city-owned public-use Airport located seven Nautical miles (13 km) northwest of the Central business district of The major commercial airport is named after Will Rogers, so that both victims of the crash are honored by airports in Oklahoma City. This page is about the humorist for others with similar names see William Rogers. Oklahoma City is the capital and largest city of the US state of Oklahoma.
Wiley Post received the Distinguished Flying Cross (1932), the Gold Medal of Belgium (1934), and the International Harmon Trophy (1934). The Distinguished Flying Cross is a medal awarded to any officer or enlisted member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself or herself in Harmon Trophyjpg|thumb|200px|right|The Harmon Aviatrix Trophy]]The Harmon Trophy is a set of three international trophies to be awarded annually to the world's outstanding aviator aviatrix He was enshrined in the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1969  . The American National Aviation Hall of Fame is located at the National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, east In 1979, the United States Postal Service honored him with two airmail stamps (C95 and C96). Airmail (or air mail) is Mail that is transported by Aircraft. A postage stamp is an adhesive paper evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services
|NAME||Post, Wiley Hardeman|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||First pilot to fly around the world|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 22, 1898|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Van Zandt County, Texas|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 15, 1935|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Point Barrow, Alaska|