|Coat of arms of the Vosges department|
|President of the General Council:||Christian Poncelet|
|Land area¹:||5874 km²|
|¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km². The term administration, as used in the context of Government, differs according to Jurisdiction. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division France is divided into 26 regions or régions (in French of which 21 are in continental Metropolitan France, one is the island of Corsica, Lorraine (Lothringen is one of the 26 régions of France. It is the only administrative region with two cities of equal importance Metz and Nancy A prefecture ( préfecture) in France can refer to: the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a ''département'' Épinal is a commune of northeastern France, préfecture (capital of the Vosges département. Subprefectures (sous-préfectures are the administrative towns of arrondissements in France that do not contain the prefecture for its department. Neufchâteau is a commune in the département of the Vosges and the région of Lorraine in eastern France Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, commonly referred to as Saint-Dié, is a commune of northeastern France. The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. The 3 arrondissements of the Vosges department are Arrondissement of Épinal, ( prefecture of the Vosges department The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's 341 arrondissements and 100 departments. The following is a list of the 31 cantons of the Vosges department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Arrondissement The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. The following is a list of the 515 communes of the Vosges département in France. In France, the President of the General Council (French Président du conseil général) is the locally-elected head of the General Council, the assembly Christian Poncelet (born 24 March 1928) is a conservative French politician As of January 1, 2008, 64473140 people live in the French Republic. To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions we list here areas between 1000 km2 and 10000 km2 An estuary is a semi-enclosed Coastal body of Water with one or more Rivers or Streams flowing into it and with a free connection to the open|
Vosges (IPA: [voːʒ]) is a French department, named after the Vosges mountain range. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division The Vosges (voːʒ or Vosges Mountains are a Mountain range in eastern France, stretching along the west side of the Rhine valley The hometown of Joan of Arc, Domrémy, is located here. Joan of Arc (c 1412 Joan asserted that she had visions from God that told her to recover her homeland from English domination late in the Hundred Years' Domrémy-la-Pucelle is a village and commune of the Vosges département, in Lorraine, France.
The Vosges department is one of the original 83 departments of France, created on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution. Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Year 1790 ( MDCCXC) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an It was made of territories formerly part of the province of Lorraine. The Kingdom of France was organised into Provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département Lorraine (Lorraine Lothringen is a historical area in present-day northeast France. In German it is referred to as Vogesen and in Italian as Vosgi.
In 1793 the independent principality of Salm (town of Senones and its surroundings), enclosed inside the Vosges department, was annexed to France and incorporated into Vosges. Senones is a City and commune in the Vosges département of northeastern France, with a population of 2800 (as of 2006 In 1795 the area of Schirmeck was detached from the Bas-Rhin department and incorporated into the Vosges department. Year 1795 ( MDCCXCV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Schirmeck is a commune of the Bas-Rhin département, in France. Bas-Rhin is a ''département'' of France. The name means "Lower Rhine " The Vosges department had now an area of 6,127 km² (2,366 sq. miles) which it kept until 1871.
In 1794 the Vosges was the site of a sizeable battle between the forces of Revolutionary France and the Allied Coalition. See Battle of the Vosges. The Battle of the Vosges also known as the Battle of Tripstadt was fought on 13 July 1794 in eastern France in the Vosges Mountains
The Place des Vosges in Paris was so renamed in 1799 when the department became the first to pay the new Revolutionary taxes. The Place des Vosges is the oldest square in Paris. It is located in Le Marais, and is part of the 3rd and 4th arrondissements Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an
After the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, 4% of the Vosges department in the extreme northeast of the department were annexed to the German Empire by the Treaty of Frankfurt on the ground that the people there spoke Germanic dialects. The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War ( 19 July, 1870 — 10 May, 1871 The German Empire is the name commonly used in English to describe Germany from 1871 to 1918 when it was a semi- Constitutional monarchy: beginning with the Unification The Treaty of Frankfurt (Le traité de Francfort Friede von Frankfurt was a Peace treaty signed in Frankfurt on May 10, 1871, at the end of The area annexed on May 18, 1871 corresponded to the canton of Schirmeck and the northern half of the canton of Saales. Events 1152 - Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. Year 1871 ( MDCCCLXXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's 341 arrondissements and 100 departments. Saales (Saal is a commune in the Bas-Rhin département of France. Schirmeck and Saales had been historically part of Alsace. Alsace (Alsace alzas Alsatian and Elsass pre-1996 German: Elsaß; Alsatia is one of the 26 Regions of France, located on the eastern These territories, along with the rest of Alsace and the annexed territories of Lorraine, became part of the Reichsland of Elsaß-Lothringen. Alsace (Alsace alzas Alsatian and Elsass pre-1996 German: Elsaß; Alsatia is one of the 26 Regions of France, located on the eastern Alsace-Lorraine (Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen generally Elsass - Lothringen) was a territorial entity created by the German Empire in 1871 The area of the Vosges department was thus reduced to its current 5,874 km² (2,268 sq. miles).
In 1919, with the French victory in the First World War, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France by Germany at the Treaty of Versailles. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. However, Schirmeck and Saales were not returned to the Vosges department, but instead were incorporated into the recreated Bas-Rhin department. Bas-Rhin is a ''département'' of France. The name means "Lower Rhine "
The largest cities are Épinal, Neufchâteau and Saint-Dié-des-Vosges. Épinal is a commune of northeastern France, préfecture (capital of the Vosges département. Neufchâteau is a commune in the département of the Vosges and the région of Lorraine in eastern France Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, commonly referred to as Saint-Dié, is a commune of northeastern France.
While the west part of the Vosges is flat sedimentary land (great for mineral waters), the east is closed by an old granite mountain (top is Grand Ballon, 1424m).
The Saône river rises at Vioménil, in the Vosges. The Saône (son ( Sona in Arpitan) is a River of eastern France. "Riverine" redirects here For the use of that term in Maritime geography, see there Vioménil is a commune of the Vosges département, in France.
The Roman fortified town of Grand, located 30km from Toul, has an amphitheatre and a temple to the Cult of Apollo. Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC See also List of cities with defensive walls A defensive wall is a Fortification used to defend a city or settlement from potential aggressors Grand is a village and commune in the French département of Vosges, famous for its Roman Amphitheatre, Toul is a historic fortified town of France, a Sous-préfecture of the An amphitheatre (alternatively amphitheater) is an open-air venue for spectator sports concerts rallies or theatrical performances