|Political Ideology||Nationalism, Separatism, National conservatism, Right-wing populism|
|Earlier name(s)||Vlaams Blok|
|European Parliament Group||Non-Inscrits|
(only in municipal elections)
Madouplein 8 bus 9 Brussel
|See also||Politics of Belgium|
Politics of Flanders
Politics of Wallonia
Vlaams Belang (English: Flemish Interest) is an anti-immigration right-wing political party in the Flemish Community of Belgium that advocates Flemish independence and strict limits on immigration, whereby immigrants would be obliged to adopt Flemish culture and language. The term nationalism can refer to an Ideology, a sentiment, a form of Culture, or a Social movement that focuses on the Nation Separatism refers to the advocacy of a state of cultural ethnic tribal religious racial or gender separation from the larger group often with demands for greater political autonomy National conservatism is a political term used to describe a variant of Conservatism which concentrates more on "national interests and traditional social/ethical Right-wing populism (also radical right-wing populism, RRP is a Political ideology and rhetorical style found around the world "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " The Vlaams Blok ( VB, English: Flemish Bloc) was a Belgian Secessionist Political party which advocated anti-immigration Non-Inscrits (abbreviated NI; English: Non-Attached Members, abbreviated NA; the English name is also official but the French name VLOTT is a Belgian right-liberal or fortuynist Political party. Politics of Belgium takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic Constitutional monarchy, whereby the is both a cultural community and an economic region within the Belgian state, and has significant autonomy The Politics of Wallonia concern not only the Government of the region of Wallonia, but also that of the French Community of Belgium, the German-speaking Belgium is a federation with a Multi-party political system with numerous parties who factually have no chance of gaining power alone and therefore must work with each other to form Elections in Belgium gives information on Election and election results in Belgium. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States A political party is a Political organization that seeks to attain and maintain political power within Government, usually by participating in electoral The term Flemish Community has two distinct though related meanings Culturally and sociologically it refers to Flemish organizations media social and cultural The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those The Flemish Movement (Vlaamse Beweging is a popular term used to describe the political movement for emancipation and greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term VB rejects multiculturalism, although it accepts a multiethnic society as long as people of non-Flemish ethnic backgrounds assimilate Flemish culture. The term multiculturalism generally refers to a state of racial, cultural and ethnic diversity within the Demographics of a specified Multi-ethnic societies, in contrast to single ethnic societies integrate different Ethnic groups irrespective of differences in culture race and history under a common Although the party characterizes its current policies as those of a traditional conservative party, many observers describe it as far right. Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favour Tradition, where tradition refers to various religious cultural or nationally defined Far right, extreme right, ultra-right, or radical right are terms used to discuss the qualitative or quantitative position a group 
Like its predecessors, the radical right wing of the Volksunie and Vlaams Blok, the Vlaams Belang is part of the ideologically diverse Flemish movement. Volksunie ( People's Union, VU was a Belgian political party formed in 1954 as a successor to the "Christian Flemish People's Union" an electoral The Vlaams Blok ( VB, English: Flemish Bloc) was a Belgian Secessionist Political party which advocated anti-immigration Volksunie ( People's Union, VU was a Belgian political party formed in 1954 as a successor to the "Christian Flemish People's Union" an electoral The Vlaams Blok ( VB, English: Flemish Bloc) was a Belgian Secessionist Political party which advocated anti-immigration The Flemish Movement (Vlaamse Beweging is a popular term used to describe the political movement for emancipation and greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders When the Volksunie in the 1970s, under party president Hugo Schiltz attracted more progressive politicians, and accepted Belgian federalism, this did not sit well with the party's radical nationalist right wing, particularly after the party entered the coalition government of Leo Tindemans and in 1978 agreed to the Egmont pact. This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. Hugo Schiltz ( Borsbeek, 27 October 1927 - Antwerp, 5 August 2006) was a Belgian Lawyer and Progressivism is a term that refers to a broad school of international social and political philosophies. Political federalism is a Political philosophy in which a group of members are bound together (Latin foedus, covenant) with a governing A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a Cabinet of a parliamentary Government in which several parties cooperate Leonard Clemence “Leo” Tindemans, born in Zwijndrecht on 16 April 1922 was prime minister ( CVP) of two Belgian governments from 25 April 1974 Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) The Egmont pact ( Dutch: Egmontpact, French: Pacte d'Egmont, German: Egmont-Pakt) of 1977 is an agreement 
The radical wing created two new small parties, the Vlaams-Nationale Partij (Flemish National Party, VNP), presided by Karel Dillen, and the Vlaamse Volkspartij (Flemish People Party, VVP) with the former VU senator Lode Claes. Karel Dillen ( 16 October 1925, Antwerp &ndash 27 April 2007, Schilde They participated in the 1978 general elections as a coalition under the name of Vlaams Blok and one of the coalition's parliamentary candidates, MP, Karel Dillen, won. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. Karel Dillen ( 16 October 1925, Antwerp &ndash 27 April 2007, Schilde Later, both parties merged into the Vlaams Blok (English: Flemish Bloc). The Vlaams Blok ( VB, English: Flemish Bloc) was a Belgian Secessionist Political party which advocated anti-immigration Lode Claes decided not to join the new party because of differing views on nationalism and right wing politics. The term nationalism can refer to an Ideology, a sentiment, a form of Culture, or a Social movement that focuses on the Nation In Politics, right-wing, the political right, and the Right are positions that uphold traditional values and/or authorities 
The Vlaams Blok's main growth started in 1991, when it increased its number of members of parliament from 2 to 12, gaining 6. 6% of the vote. In 2003, the Vlaams Blok received 11. 6% of the vote with 18 MPs elected.
In 2002, three non-profit organisations that in effect constituted the core of the Vlaams Blok party were sued by the Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism and the Liga voor Mensenrechten for "incitement to hate and discrimination. The Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism ( CEOOR) ( Dutch: Centrum voor gelijkheid van kansen en voor racismebestrijding, French " The organisations were condemned by the Appeals Court of Ghent in April 2004 for "repeated incitement to discrimination. " The party's appeal of the verdict was rejected by the High Court in November 2004. The Court of Cassation (Hof van Cassatie Cour de cassation Kassationshof is the main court of last resort in Belgium. 
Following this conviction, the Vlaams Blok party disbanded itself in 2004. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " The former Vlaams Blok party leadership and members subsequently established the Vlaams Belang. According to the Belgian state security service, this was merely a cosmetic act.  To some observers, comments made by the leaderships of the old and new parties read along the same lines.  The Belgian State Security Service noted that the party was forced to change its name and to rid its platform of racist elements. The Belgian State Security Service, known in Dutch as Veiligheid van de Staat, or Staatsveiligheid (SV and in French as Sûreté de l'État (SE  The "launch of the new name Vlaams Belang was paired with a publicity campaign that had the intention of creating an image of respectability".  Changes to the party platform have been made to allow it to comply with the law, and the motto of Vlaams Blok, Eigen volk eerst ("Our own people first"), has been dropped, though it is still used by party leaders and members in meetings.
Vlaams Belang supporters, such as N-VA member and law professor Matthias Storme, see the trial in which the Vlaams Blok was condemned as a political trial. The Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie ("New-Flemish Alliance" is a Flemish nationalist and Center-right political party founded in the autumn of 2001 Matthias Edward Storme (born Ghent, 1959) is a Belgian Lawyer, Academic and liberal conservative Philosopher  Some also claim that the Belgian establishment had changed the law for the purpose of this trial.  Pro Flandria, an independent organization consisting of academia and businesspeople, wrote an open letter about the trial in 2003, saying that "political opponents should be fought in open forums, using arguments, so that a voter can make up his mind. . . A court should not be misused for a political retaliation that cannot be made through political means. "
According to the law professor, Lamine (KUL), a former VB member and main advisor of the party's legal team, the party, for propaganda reasons, purposely mounted a weak defence in order to lose the case: "For the party leaders, losing was much more interesting. The Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (in short KU Leuven) is the Flemish offshoot of the oldest university in the Low Countries which was originally founded Propaganda is a concerted set of messages aimed at influencing the opinions or behaviors of large numbers of people Winning just wasn't an option. " Lamine himself had earlier stated that the VB should have appealed to the European Court of Human Rights, but VB senator Joris Van Hauthem had already stated in 2005, that: "If we had gone to Strasbourg [ECHR] based on procedural arguments, we might have had a case. The European Court of Human Rights ( ECtHR) (Cour européenne des droits de l’homme in Strasbourg was established under the European Convention on Human Rights Joris Van Hauthem is floor leader in the Belgian Senate for the Flemish movement Vlaams Belang party But Lamine already put in a private claim to overturn the Appeals Court verdict, on the basis of substantive arguments. If Vlaams Belang were to put forth a claim against the verdict as well, at Strasbourg, the Court will bundle both cases. Then we would lose the case for sure. Lamine has thus given us the final blow. " Lamine denied this: "The party legal department's head doesn't know what he's doing. " The judicial service of the Flemish Parliament noted that a procedure at the ECHR would not be able to overturn the Appeals Court conviction that condemnded the Vlaams Blok. The Flemish Parliament ( Dutch: Vlaams Parlement, and formerly called Flemish Council or Vlaamse Raad) constitutes the legislative power Such a procedure could, however, lead to a judgement against the Belgian state ordering it to pay damages. 
Gerolf Annemans created instant controversy during the inauguration ceremony for the new party by condemning the prosecutors and judges who presided over the case in the Supreme Court and courts of appeal in the following manner: "The names of all main legal figures in this trial are forever engraved in this lawyer's memory; they are warned for the rest of their careers. Gerolf Emma Jozef Annemans (born November 8, 1958) is a Belgian Politician. " Mr. Annemans claimed this was an emotional outburst on his part in reaction to Marc Timperman, the Supreme Court public prosecutor, laughing at Vlaams Blok's lawyers as the Court's rendered the verdict the week before. Vlaams Belang alleges that Timperman was a "political appointee" (Timperman was deputy chief of staff to VLD justice minister Marc Verwilghen). Marc Ernest Elisabeth Robert Juliette Verwilghen, born 21 September 1952 in Dendermonde, is a Belgian politician 
The Vlaams Belang took part in the 2006 municipal elections on the theme of "Secure, Flemish, Liveable". The Belgian municipal elections 2006 took place on Sunday October 8, 2006.
In Antwerp, the Vlaams Belang's vote count ran behind that of the Socialist Party, which increased their share of the vote dramatically. ||-||-||-||} Antwerp ( Dutch:, French: Anvers) is a City and Municipality in Belgium and the capital of the Socialist Party – Different (Socialistische Partij – Anders ( SP Nevertheless, although the VB-VLOTT coalition got only 0. 5% more votes than in the previous election, it gained 20 seats: 18 seats to Vlaams Belang and 2 to its coalition partner, VLOTT. VLOTT is a Belgian right-liberal or fortuynist Political party. This echoed the VB's large gain of seats in 2000.
For all Antwerp district councils, except for Center and Borgerhout, the VB showed an increase of its voters share. In two districts, Hoboken and Deurne, VB has the most seats; in the former district, the other parties will have to work together with the Marxist-Leninist Workers Party (PVDA) in order to obtain a majority in the district council, although another party, the N-VA, has ruled out such a coalition. Marxism-Leninism is a Communist ideological stream that emerged as the mainstream tendency amongst the Communist parties in the 1920s as it was adopted The Belgian Workers Party is also sometimes used as the name of the Belgian Labour Party that existed prior to World War II (when it was re-founded as the Belgian Socialist Party 
In the rest of Flanders, the Vlaams Belang, like the CD&V, enjoyed a massive increase of votes (the number of VB council members almost doubled, from 439 to about 800). Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams (CD&V (Christian Democratic and Flemish is a Flemish Community of Belgium Political party, formerly called Christian This can be explained in part by the fact that the party ran candidates in more communities' elections than in 2000. In Aalst and Schoten, Vlaams Belang enjoys a plurality although it is unlikely that any party in these or other cities will break the cordon sanitaire. Aalst can refer to Aalst Belgium, a city and municipality in Belgium Aalst (North Brabant, a village in the Netherlands in the province Schoten is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
In the 10 June 2007 general elections, the party won 17 out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 5 out of 40 seats in the Senate. Events 1190 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The 2007 Belgian general election took place on Sunday June 10, 2007. The Belgian Chamber of Representatives ( Dutch: de Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers, French: la Chambre des Représentants, German The Belgian Senate (de Senaat le Sénat der Senat is one of the two chambers of the bicameral Federal Parliament of Belgium, the other being the
Vlaams Belang advocates independence for Flanders and strict limitations on immigration. Flanders (Vlaanderen Flandre Flandern is a geographical region located in parts of present day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term It is part of the right-wing radical wing of the Flemish movement and is a nationalist party. The Flemish Movement (Vlaamse Beweging is a popular term used to describe the political movement for emancipation and greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders The term nationalism can refer to an Ideology, a sentiment, a form of Culture, or a Social movement that focuses on the Nation
Some of the main points in the platform include:
Vlaams Belang is one of the largest Belgian parties, although other parties usually form alliances with their counterparts across the Flemish/Francophone divide (Christian-Democrats, Liberals, Socialists and Greens). It has been growing steadily since 1978, when its predecessor "Vlaams Blok" was formed. Nonetheless, it has no official executive power due to the Cordon Sanitaire, a pact between the other Belgian parties that rejected Vlaams Blok from any governing coalition because the party's views were considered to be morally and politically unacceptable. Cordon sanitaire is a French phrase that literally translated means Quarantine line Vlaams Belang says that its platform now is legally compliant, rendering the cordon sanitaire unjustified. The party, however, would need to convince others to join a coalition because the Belgian political system is based on proportional representation. Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation or PR is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes
After the regional elections in 2004, changes in the perception of the party by the population, as well as the growing strength of the party, made it possible for the Vlaams Blok to be invited briefly for negotiations at the start of the formation of the regional government. In the runup towards the local elections of late 2006, there were signs that the cordon sanitaire could be breached in some municipalities, but it wasn't.
Critics of the cordon sanitaire argue that it is undemocratic, or that it is not effective in fighting the Vlaams Belang. Indeed, some figures in the other major Flemish political parties question its viability, and some have participated in debates with VB politicians. One Flemish newspaper, De Standaard, has declared its intention to treat Vlaams Belang like any other party. De Standaard ( The Standard) is a Flemish Tabloid -format daily Newspaper published in Belgium by Corelio
In an interview with the popular weekly Humo, Flemish PM Yves Leterme (CD&V) however declared that a local chapter of his party that would form a coalition or close agreements with the Vlaams Belang, wouldn't be considered a part of the CD&V anymore. Humorology, or "Humo" for short is an annual musical/variety show show that takes place at the Union Theater of the University of Wisconsin-Madison campus Flanders (Vlaanderen Flandre Flandern is a geographical region located in parts of present day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. This article is about the government position For other uses see Prime Minister (disambiguation. Yves Camille Désiré Leterme (born 6 October 1960 is a Belgian politician a leader of the Christian Democratic and Flemish party ( CD&V) Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams (CD&V (Christian Democratic and Flemish is a Flemish Community of Belgium Political party, formerly called Christian Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams (CD&V (Christian Democratic and Flemish is a Flemish Community of Belgium Political party, formerly called Christian 
The Vlaams Belang is a very divisive issue in Belgium, particularly in Flanders, as was the former Vlaams Blok. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Flanders (Vlaanderen Flandre Flandern is a geographical region located in parts of present day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. One response to Vlaams Belang has been attempts to cut state funding for the party (see the Belgian "dry up" law). The Belgian "dry up" or Draining law refers to a controversial law that was passed by the Belgian Federal Parliament in 2005 to cut funding by On the Flemish level, there is no political majority yet for such actions against other parties, as this approach is generally viewed as being counter-productive. Some, particularly Francophones, support it anyway. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people
On May 18, 2006 the progressive organizations Kif Kif and MRAX (Movement against Racism, Antisemitism and Xenophobia), backed (as demanded by law) by the political parties sp.a, spirit, PS, MR and CDh (the parties also paid for the legal translation of the complaint), filed a complaint against Vlaams Belang with the Belgian Council of State. Events 1152 - Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Belgian "dry up" or Draining law refers to a controversial law that was passed by the Belgian Federal Parliament in 2005 to cut funding by Socialist Party – Different (Socialistische Partij – Anders ( SP The FlemishProgressives (VlaamsProgressieven or VlPro ProgressistesFlamands are a Belgian Flemish political party formed after the falling apart of the old The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste PS is a Francophone Social democratic political party in Belgium. The Reformist Movement (Mouvement Réformateur MR is a Belgian French-speaking liberal Political party. The Humanist Democratic Centre ( French: Centre démocrate humaniste or cdH) is a Belgian Francophone Christian democratic Council of State (Raad van State Conseil d'État Staatsrat in Belgium, is an organ of the Belgian government it is the Supreme Administrative Court of Belgium This court has six months to decide whether or not to cancel part of the state funding (dotation) the party receives, up to 2. 1 million Euros yearly. The complaint claims that the Vlaams Belang party is "opposed to the rights granted in the European Convention on Human Rights". The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (also called the "European Convention on Human Rights" and "ECHR" was adopted under the It refers to the utterance of Filip Dewinter calling his party "islamophobic" in a Jewish newspaper. Philip Michel Frans "Filip" Dewinter (born September 11, 1962, Bruges) is a Flemish Politician in Belgium. " The plaintiffs also state that "the party, for all intent and purpose, still uses the same platform and communication as the Vlaams Blok", that was condemned after a similar complaint. The Vlaams Blok ( VB, English: Flemish Bloc) was a Belgian Secessionist Political party which advocated anti-immigration 
The complaint had been prepared for several months, and some of the complaining political parties had been hesitant to file it. The Vlaams Belang has stated its intention to denounce the majority of the judges because they are francophone or because they are allegedly hostile towards the party. The adjective francophone (alternately Francophone) means French -speaking typically as primary language whether referring to individuals groups or places 
Some members, such as Roeland Raes have been accused of being Nazi sympathizers. Roeland Raes ( Ghent, 4 September 1934) is a Belgian politician a former senator for and vice president of the political party ' Vlaams Blok Nazism, which was a short name for National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus refers primarily to the Ideology and practices of the National Socialist German  Roeland Raes was charged with Historical revisionism in accordance with the Belgian Holocaust denial law, specifically for uttering the following controversial sentence: “whether it was planned that they should all die during the war is another question”. For the critical reexamination of historical facts see Historical revisionism. The Belgian Holocaust denial law, passed on March 23, 1995, bans public Holocaust denial.  During the interview, Raes however had no doubts about the systematic persecution and deportation of the Jews by the Nazis. The original complaint goes back to 2001. In the meanwhile, the master video tape with the full interview, was lost.  Early 2006, at the Public Prosecutor’s request and after a hearing in chambers, the charges were dropped, but after an appeal by the Forum of Jewish Organisations, the case was resumed.
A December 2005 interview by Vlaams Belang frontman Filip Dewinter with the American-Jewish newsweekly The Jewish Week included a question if "Jews should vote for a party that espouses xenophobia". Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Philip Michel Frans "Filip" Dewinter (born September 11, 1962, Bruges) is a Flemish Politician in Belgium. This article is about the weekly newspaper published in New York City Dewinter responded by saying: "Xenophobia is not the word I would use. If it absolutely must be a ‘phobia,’ let it be 'Islamophobia. '"
Politicians, like prime minister Guy Verhofstadt (VLD), Karel De Gucht (VLD) and the late Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn have called the Vlaams Belang or its leaders "fascist". (ɣi vəɾˈɦɔfstɑt (b Guy Maurice Marie Louise Verhofstadt, 11 April 1953 in Dendermonde, Belgium) is a Belgian politician municipal Karel Lodewijk Georgette Emmerence De Gucht (born 27 January 1954 in Overmere) is the Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs, and a former Wilhelmus Simon Petrus (Pim Fortuyn (pɪm fɔʁtœʏn ( February 19, 1948 – May 6, 2002) was a controversial openly gay charismatic However, history professor Eric Defoort has stated the use of this terminology creates "a distorted image of their antagonist, whom they can then scold with missionary zeal". 
Ayaan Hirsi Ali, who is known to be a liberal political critic of Islam in the Netherlands, and to whom Vlaams Belang on different occasions referred to defend its points of view on Islam, called the party "a racist, anti-Semitic, extremist party that is unkind to women and that should be outlawed. Ayaan Hirsi Ali ( Ayaan Xirsi Cali; born Ayaan Hirsi Magan 13 November 1969 in Mogadishu, Somalia) is a Dutch For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. " According to Vlaams Belang, Hirsi Ali had been misinformed. The party considered this to be part of a smear campaign. Vlaams Belang underlined that Hirsi Ali supposedly made the statement on the occasion of a debate organised by the left-liberal think tank Liberales, whose president is Dirk Verhofstadt. Liberales is an independent liberal Thinktank (some tend to call Liberales left-liberal, located in Flanders, Belgium. Dirk Verhofstadt (b Dendermonde 1955) is a Belgian social liberal ( Rawlsian) theorist and brother of former Belgian prime minister Vlaams Belang added that Dirk Verhofstadt is known for regularly publishing accusations against the party.  Vlaams Belang also wrote an open letter to Hirsi Ali. 
On May 31, 2006, former chief of police Bart Debie was sent to criminal court. Events 1279 BC - Rameses II (The Great (19th dynasty becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Mr. Debie is now a security expert and parliamentary cooperator of the party, and was the party's main candidate in the local elections of 2006 in the Borgerhout district. Borgerhout is a district of the Municipality and city of Antwerp in the Flemish Region of Belgium. He was elected as council member to the Antwerp municipal council. Debie was prosecuted for "torturing suspects at a police station, breach of the 1981 law on racism and xenophobia and forgery of police reports," acts committed on several occasions between February 1999 and April 2003. Mr. Debie’s defence argues that he is the victim of a reckoning. Debie resigned his commission as chief of police after a preventive suspension for "blurring of moral standards" due to these allegations, and was consequently given his present party functions.  On January 31, 2008 Bart Debie was convicted by the Antwerp Court of Appeal to 4 years imprisonment (of which 1 will be effective), and a fine of 1. Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The Court of Appeal (Hof van beroep Cour d'appel Appellationshof in Belgium is a Court which hears appeals against decisions of the Court of First Instance 250 EUR. He will also loose his civil rights for a period of 5 years, which means he will have to resign as municipal councillor. 
On October 1, 2006, a week before the municipal elections, free concerts against intolerance, named 0110, were organised in Antwerp, Brussels, Ghent and Charleroi. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Belgian municipal elections 2006 took place on Sunday October 8, 2006. ||-||-||-||} Antwerp ( Dutch:, French: Anvers) is a City and Municipality in Belgium and the capital of the Brussels (Bruxelles pronounced; Brussel pronounced) officially the Brussels Capital-Region, is Ghent (ˈɡɛnt Gent ʝɛnt in Dutch, Gand in French, and formerly Gaunt in English) is a City and a Charleroi (Tchålerwè is the largest city and municipality of Wallonia, located in the province of Hainaut, Belgium. The Antwerp concert received over 40,000 spectators, the total was over 100,000.  Vlaams Belang sees this as a direct attack by the establishment, because the event was sponsored by the Belgian National Lottery. The National Lottery however decided upon the sponsoring contract before the political content was clear.  The Antwerp mayor Patrick Janssens (SP.a) disapproved of the concerts. Patrick Janssens is a Belgian politician born on 19 September 1956. Socialist Party – Different (Socialistische Partij – Anders ( SP  The party also referred to the fact that the official website of the event specifically stated that Flanders deserves better than extreme right and that Tom Barman, the main organisor, had already announced in 2005 that he was planning a concert against Vlaams Belang in October 2006. Tom Barman (born January 1 1972) is a Belgian Musician and Film director. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. October 2006 was a month that began on a Sunday The month was marked by a nuclear test by North Korea that prompted that passing of Resolution 1718  The party wrote an open letter to famous Flemish artists, such as Clouseau, Helmut Lotti, Will Tura, Johan Verminnen and Laura Lynn, who it had been announced would participate, asking them not to do so. Flanders (Vlaanderen Flandre Flandern is a geographical region located in parts of present day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. This article is about the Flemish-Belgian music group For the Pink Panther character see Inspector Clouseau Clouseau is a Flemish-Belgian pop Helmut Lotti (born Helmut Lotigiers on October 22 1969 in Ghent, Belgium) is a Belgian popular Singer and Songwriter. Will Tura (born August 2 1940 in Veurne) is the stage name of Arthur Knight Blanckaert, a Belgian artist famous in Flanders Johan Verminnen (born 22 May 1951 in Wemmel) is a Flemish singer Laura Lynn may refer to Laura Lynn (American country singer, an American Country Music Singer Laura Lynn (Belgian singer, a  One Vlaams Belang council member called upon the readers of his web log to start a "mail bombardment" to the concerned artists.  Critics spoke of an intimidation campaign by the party, but no artist withdrew from the concerts. Intimidation (also called cowing) is intentional behavior "which would cause a person of ordinary sensibilities" fear of Injury or Harm.  At a party meeting on 1 October, Filip Dewinter was quoted saying that "if it really were concerts against intolerance, Vlaams Belang would have to be guest of honour", referring to the cordon sanitaire against the party. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Cordon sanitaire is a French phrase that literally translated means Quarantine line 
On November 15, 2006, party leader Dewinter stated that he will deposit a complaint with De Lijn bus company, for its plan to introduce quota for the employment of immigrants. Events 655 - Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ||-||-||} Vlaamse Vervoersmaatschappij De Lijn - usually known as De Lijn (in English The Line) - is a company run by the Flemish government in Belgium Dewinter claims that these "quota leads to anti-Flemish racism. " He will also call upon the Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism to investigate. The Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism ( CEOOR) ( Dutch: Centrum voor gelijkheid van kansen en voor racismebestrijding, French Ingrid Lieten, director of De Lijn, stated that "De Lijn is in favor of quota and will impose them, especially for women and immigrants. " Vlaams Belang alleges that the introduction of the quota means different criteria will be imposed upon citizens and immigrants. 
In April 2007 parliamentarian Jurgen Verstrepen left the party and sided with List Dedecker. Jurgen Pierre Katharina Verstrepen is a member of the Flemish Parliament. List Dedecker (Lijst Dedecker is a Belgian Political party founded in January 2007 by Senator Jean-Marie Dedecker. Verstrepen was originally brought into the party as a renewing force, in 2004. However, Verstrepen's push of an idea of a united right, what has been termed "Forza Flandria" has not fared well with VB party leader Vanhecke.
In 1999, the Vlaams Blok obtained 584,392 votes for the European Parliament elections. The Vlaams Blok ( VB, English: Flemish Bloc) was a Belgian Secessionist Political party which advocated anti-immigration The European Parliament ( Europarl or EP) is the only directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU In 2004, the party obtained 981,587 votes for the Flemish Parliament and 21,297 votes for the Brussels Parliament. The Flemish Parliament ( Dutch: Vlaams Parlement, and formerly called Flemish Council or Vlaamse Raad) constitutes the legislative power
A study of the 1999 general federal elections by researchers of the KUL yielded some results on the electorate of the Vlaams Blok. The Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (in short KU Leuven) is the Flemish offshoot of the oldest university in the Low Countries which was originally founded The Vlaams Blok ( VB, English: Flemish Bloc) was a Belgian Secessionist Political party which advocated anti-immigration
The study showed that it was first and foremost the low educational level that was characteristic for the Vlaams Blok voter. There didn't seem to be a correlation, or a very small one, with age, gender nor occupation.
Another characteristic was the sector of employment. People working in the private sector faced with international competition were overrepresented within the V. B. electorate, while workers from the public sector, in health and social services, with no international competition at all- usually didn't vote for the party. Job insecurity did not seem to have an effect.
As a third characteristic, researchers found that the average V. B. voter had a low opinion of their economic situation. It was not certain that this corresponded with their real situation. Ethnocentricity was a strong reason to vote V. Ethnocentrism is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own Culture. B. , as was the feeling of alienation towards politics. In Sociology and Critical social theory, alienation refers to an individual's estrangement from traditional community and others in general There did not seem to be a correlation between the social-economic attitude of a voter and his/her preference for the V. B.
Professor Carl Devos and Dries Verlet of the Political Science Department at the Ghent University see a number of characteristics that differentiate the Vlaams Belang voters from others. There are social demographic characteristics, like social economic status or level of education, and a number of personality traits or attitudes, like a more than average sympathy towards the traditional family values, law and order, or social hierarchy and authoritarianism. Definition In the absence of agreement about its meaning the term "social" is used in many different senses referring among other things to attitudes Demographics or demographic data refers to selected population characteristics as used in government Marketing or opinion research or the Demographic profiles Socioeconomics or socio-economics is the study of the relationship between economic activity and Social life. Family values is a political and social concept used in various cultures to describe values that are believed to be traditional in that culture and in support of the idea In Politics, law and order refers to a political platform which supports a strict Criminal justice system especially in relation to Violent crime Social hierarchy is a multi-tiered pyramid-like social or functional structure having an apex as the centralization of power Authoritarianism describes a Form of government characterized by an emphasis on the Authority of the State in a republic or union
Quite some V. B. voters share fear and uncertainty towards the present day Western European society. They see the expanding social and economic freedom and the diminishing influence of the state as a threatening phenomenon. Economic freedom is freedom to produce trade and consume any goods and services acquired without the use of force fraud or theft A state is a political association with effective Sovereignty over a geographic Area and representing a Population. They look towards far right parties hoping for a clear beacon and guidelines. 
The Party Council is the highest organ of the Vlaams Belang party. It has about 80 members, among others the members of the Party Board, parliamentarians, local deputies and the youth organisation of the VB. The Party Council is responsible for choosing the party leader. The party executives throughout the party's organization then get to decide on the nomination. The Party Council is also responsible for fielding a candidate list at election time.