|Historical province||Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro|
|Area||4. Vila Real (ˈvilɐ ʁiˈaɫ is a town and a municipality, seat of the District of Vila Real, in Norte region, Portugal. The administrative divisions of Portugal are undergoing changes The administrative divisions of Portugal are undergoing changes Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro ( pron. tɾaz-uʒ-'mõtɨʃ i 'aɫtu 'do(owɾu is a historical province of Portugal located in the northeastern corner of the country 328 km²|
|No. of municipalities||14|
|No. This is a list of the municipalities of Portugal. Portugal is divided into 18 districts (distritos and 2 autonomous regions (Portuguese regiões autónomas) This is a list of the municipalities of Portugal. Portugal is divided into 18 districts (distritos and 2 autonomous regions (Portuguese regiões autónomas) of parishes||268|
The District of Vila Real (pron. IPA: ['vilɐ ʁi'aɫ]) is a district of northern Portugal. "Freguesia" ( pron fɾɛgɨ'ziɐ is the Portuguese term for Civil parish, a secondary Local administrative unit in Portugal The Assembly of the Republic ( Portuguese: Assembleia da República, pron. With an area of 4,239 km², the district is located west of the port city of Porto and north of the Douro River. The Douro or Duero ( Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. Vila Real has always belonged to the historical province of Tras-os-Montes. Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro ( pron. tɾaz-uʒ-'mõtɨʃ i 'aɫtu 'do(owɾu is a historical province of Portugal located in the northeastern corner of the country Approximate population in the 2001 census was 230,000. The population has shown negative rates in recent years due to emigration and aging. Many of the villages have lost population and have become deserted while the district capital has gained in population.
Vila Real is a rugged area of low mountains and narrow valleys. Historically it had always been cut off from the coast by the Marão, Gerês, and Cabreira mountains until a highway was cut through in the eighties. Due to poor soil, agriculture has always been a struggle, although wine grapes are produced in the south near the Douro River. The Douro or Duero ( Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. Potatoes, corn, and rye have always been the traditional crops, as well as limited dairy farming. Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or an Animal husbandry enterprise for long-term production of Milk, which may be either processed on-site or Extensive areas are covered in pine forest. Granite and the manufacture of mineral water—the waters of Vidago and Pedras Salgadas are nationally famous—are two important industries. Vidago is a town and a civil parish in the municipality of Chaves, located twelve kilometers south of Chaves in the district of Vila Real, Portugal Pedras Salgadas ( pron. 'pɛdɾɐʃ saɫ'gadɐʃ is a small town in the district of Vila Real, in north central Portugal, located approximately 37 km
There is a narrow gauge railroad linking the capital with Peso da Régua on the Douro River. Peso da Régua ( pron 'pezu dɐ 'ʁɛgwɐ commonly known as Régua, is a city and a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 94 This railway once reached as far north as Chaves, but was discontinued in the 1980s.
The largest towns are all very small, when compared to provincial capitals in neighboring Spain. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. When we talk about population of urban centers two figures are used in Portugal, one number for the concelho or municipality, which can be as large as 1,720. Concelho (lit council is an alternative and traditional name for a municipality in Portugal and its former overseas provinces Municipalities of Portugal 6 km² (Odemira in the district of Beja) or as small as 8. Odemira ( pron odɨ'miɾɐ or) is a municipality in the Portuguese region of Alentejo with a total area of 1720 The District of Beja ( pron 'bɛʒɐ is located in the South of Portugal, the district Capital is the city of Beja. 11 km² (São João da Madeira in the district of Aveiro), and another number for the main urban center itself. São João da Madeira ( pron sɐ̃w̃ ʒu'ɐ̃w̃ dɐ mɐ'dɐjɾɐ is a municipality in northwestern Portugal. The District of Aveiro ( pron a'vɐiɾu is located in the central coastal region of Portugal, the District Capital is the city of Aveiro Often it is difficult to determine which parishes make up the urban center and which make up the rest of the concelho. Official census figures give populations of concelhos and not urban centers, so this can be misleading. Often the head of the municipality can be relatively small with most of the population residing in rural parishes. Chaves, for example has 12,000 in the urban parishes (2) and 29,000 in 49 rural parishes for a total municipality population of 41,000.
In order of population, Vila Real capital has roughly 25,000 in the urban parishes, Chaves 12,000, followed by Valpaços, Peso da Régua, and the other seats of concelhos, all of which have fewer than 10,000 inhabitants. Vila Real (ˈvilɐ ʁiˈaɫ is a town and a municipality, seat of the District of Vila Real, in Norte region, Portugal. Peso da Régua ( pron 'pezu dɐ 'ʁɛgwɐ commonly known as Régua, is a city and a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 94
The population density of the district is sparse, 54 people per square kilometer. Most of this population lives in the concelhos of the south—Vila Real, Santa Marta, Régua, Sabroso, and Alijó. The area between the district capital and the Douro river is especially more densely populated, with Régua having a population density of 212 per km², and Santa Marta with 128. There is a relatively populated area east of the capital. North the population clusters follow the Corgo river valley with many small villages on the river valley or veiga south of Vila Pouca. The geological fault linking Vila Pouca with Chaves is also quite populated. Then north and south of Chaves population density increases (68 per km²). The area to the west—the Barroso—or to the east—Serra do Brunheiro is sparsely inhabited. Montalegre has a population density of 22 per km², although the number of small villages scattered across the area gives a different impression. A closer look shows that many of the houses are no longer lived in and many have been abandoned.
Much of this population still lives in villages, many of which have fewer than 100 inhabitants. Over seventy-five percent of the population in fact lives in centers with fewer than 5,000 people, which is the cutoff point for urbanization. If we take the total population of 230,000 in 1991 and single out the largest centers with more than 10,000 people—Chaves, and Vila Real—whose total population is under 30,000, we can see that over seventy five percent of the population is rural or semi-rural. This lack of middle-sized urban centers in the province is a reflection of the loss of population of the region as a whole over the last twenty years, due to lack of job possibilities. It also means that the Transmontano still has a rural lifestyle and all that this implies in cultural habits, including outlook towards education, innovation in business, and acceptance of different ideas.
The district is composed of 14 municipalities:
Alijó ( pron ɐli'ʒɔ is a municipality in Northern Portugal, located in the district of Vila Real. Boticas ( pron. bu'tikɐʃ is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 322 Mesão Frio ( pron. mɨ'zɐ̃w̃ fɾiu is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 26 Mondim de Basto ( pron. mõ'dĩ dɨ 'baʃtu is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 172 Montalegre ( Portuguese pron mõtɐ'lɛgɾ(ɨ is a town and a municipality in Portugal, located in the Vila Real district in the Murça ( pron. 'muɾsɐ is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 189 Peso da Régua ( pron 'pezu dɐ 'ʁɛgwɐ commonly known as Régua, is a city and a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 94 Ribeira de Pena ( pron. ʁi'bɐjɾɐ dɨ 'penɐ is a municipality in the District of Vila Real, in northern Portugal. Sabrosa ( pron sɐ'bɾɔzɐ is a municipality in the district of Vila Real in northern Portugal. Santa Marta de Penaguião ( pron 'sɐ̃tɐ 'maɾtɐ dɨ pɨnɐgi'ɐ̃w̃ or) is a Portuguese Town and a municipality in the district of Vila Valpaços ( pron. vaɫ'pasuʃ is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 548 Vila Pouca de Aguiar ( pron. 'vilɐ 'po(owkɐ dɨ ɐgi'aɾ is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 437 Vila Real (ˈvilɐ ʁiˈaɫ is a town and a municipality, seat of the District of Vila Real, in Norte region, Portugal.