Andhra Pradesh • India
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|61. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Indian Standard Time ( IST) is the time observed throughout India and Sri Lanka, with a Time offset of UTC+530. UTC+530 is the Timezone for Indian Standard Time Sri Lanka Time The geography of India is diverse with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts plains rainforests hills and plateaus A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. 8 km² (24 sq mi) (3)|
• 110. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 14 km² (43 sq mi)
• 11. 88 m (39 ft)
|Tropical climate (Köppen)|
• 1,050 mm (41. The climate of India defies easy generalisation comprising a wide range of weather conditions across a large geographic scale and varied topography In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric Temperature is a physical property of a system that underlies the common notions of hot and cold something that is hotter generally has the greater temperature Tropical rainy climatic group The regions belonging to this group experience persistent high temperatures which normally do not go below 18°C even in the coolest month The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems It was developed by Wladimir Köppen, a German climatologist 3 in)
27 °C (81 °F)
• 43. 3 °C (110 °F)
• 24 °C (75 °F)
|Subdistrict||Vijayawada (Urban),Vijayawada (rural),Penamaluru|
• Literacy rate
|1,851,282 (3) (2001)|
• 14,231 /km² (36,858 /sq mi)
• 1,039,598 (34) (2001)
|Member of Parliament||L Rajagopal|
|Member of Legistlative Assembly||V Radha Krishna, S Nasar Vali, D Rajasekhar|
|Assembly constituency||Vijayawada (East), Vijayawada (West), Kankipadu|
• 520 0xx
|Website: [http://Vijayawada Municipal Corporation website Vijayawada Municipal Corporation website]|
Coordinates: Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to "The Place of Victory". This is a list of unofficial or quasi-official regions of India Coastal Andhra or costa is an unofficial region of India 's Andhra Pradesh state A district is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory. Krishna District ( Telugu: కృష్ణా జిల్లా Hindi: कृष्णा ज़िला is a district of India 's Andhra Pradesh A tehsil ( Urdu: تحصیل) (or tahsil, tahasil, taluka, taluk, taluq, mandal) is an Administrative division In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write or the ability to use Language to read, write, listen, The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. This article lists the top hundred metropolitan areas in India by population as of 2008. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. The Constitution of India envisages Hindi as the primary official language to be used by the Union Government, with English as the subsidiary official language Vijayawada is a Lok Sabha parliamentary Constituency of Andhra Pradesh. The Vidhan Sabha also known as Legislative Assembly is the lower house of state legislature in India. A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or Post code system used by India Post the Indian Postal For the past decade or so telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India KA-19-P-8488jpg|thumb|270px|Close up of a licence plate used in Mangalore, Karnataka. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. It is also known as Bezawada. It is the third largest city in Andhra Pradesh, India and is located on the banks of the Krishna River to the south, bounded by the Indrakeeladri Hills on the west and the budameru stream on the north. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country This article is about an Indian river For other meanings of this river names see Krishna (disambiguation and Krishnaveni. Budameru is a river in Krishna district which originates in the hills surrounding Mylavaram and empties itself into Kolleru Lake. The fertile Krishna delta extends from Vijayawada towards Bay of Bengal to the east. There are plenty of canals that go through Vijayawada and irrigate the farm land throughout the delta. Vijayawada is situated along the Madras-Howrah, and Madras-Delhi rail route, and is famous as being both the largest railway junction in South India and the most important station of the South Central Railways. Delhi (दिल्ली ਦਿੱਲੀ دلی d̪ɪlːiː sometimes referred to as Dilli) is the second largest metropolis of India, with a population The South Central Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. National highways 5 and 9 pass through the city.
The topography of Vijayawada is plain lands in between small to medium sized hills. Topography ( topo-, "place" and graphia, "writing" is the study of Earth 's Surface features or those of Planets The Krishna River runs through the city. This article is about an Indian river For other meanings of this river names see Krishna (disambiguation and Krishnaveni. These hills are part of the Eastern Ghats cut through by the Krishna river. The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India 's eastern coast They also have very low elevation compared to the average elevation of the ghats. Three canals originating from the north side of the Prakasham barrage reservoir namely Eluru, Bandar and Ryves run through the city. Canals are artificial channels for water There are two types of canals water conveyance canals which are used for the conveyance and delivery of water and Waterways The Prakasham Barrage is located in Vijayawada.The Prakasham Barrage stretches 1223 Vijayawada is the only city in the world with two rivers, Krishna,Budameru, and three canals. Budameru is a river in Krishna district which originates in the hills surrounding Mylavaram and empties itself into Kolleru Lake. Another canal Buckingham Canal originates from the south side of the reservoir. The Buckingham Canal is a 420 km long salt water navigation canal running parallel to the Coromandel Coast of South India from the Vijayawada A reservoir is most broadly a place or hollow vessel where Fluid is kept in Reserve, for later use Due to the presence of the Krishna river the soil around here is very fertile and cultivated intensively. This article is about an Indian river For other meanings of this river names see Krishna (disambiguation and Krishnaveni.
The climate is hot to hottest in summers ranging from 22°C to 46°C with lot of humidity. Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air In daily language the term "humidity" is normally taken to mean Relative humidity. Winters are mild and pleasant with temperatures from 10°C to 30°C. In television: ''Winters'', an American television series Winters is a Surname, and may refer to the following people Vijayawada gets its rainfall from both the south-west monsoon and north-east monsoon. Rain is Liquid precipitation. On Earth it is the condensation of atmospheric Water vapor into drops heavy enough to fall often making it to A monsoon is a seasonal prevailing wind which lasts for several months A monsoon is a seasonal prevailing wind which lasts for several months It's nicknamed "Blazewada" for its scorching summer heat. Summer is one of the four Temperate Seasons Summer marks the warmest time of year with the longest days
The region around the city has fertile soil and irrigation is supported by river Krishna and its canals. Major crops include sugarcane, paddy and Mango. Sugarcane ( Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae tribe Andropogoneae Rice is a Cereal foodstuff which forms an important part of the diet of many people worldwide and as such it is a staple food for many Mangoes belong to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous species of tropical fruiting Trees in the Flowering plant family Anacardiaceae Vijayawada is famous for automobile body building, garment, iron and hardware small scale industries. Clothing (also called clothes, accoutrements, accouterments, or habiliments) protects the Human body from extreme Weather Iron (ˈаɪɚn is a Chemical element with the symbol Fe (ferrum and Atomic number 26 Hardware is a general term that refers to the physical artifacts of a Technology. For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" Small scale automotive industries 'Jawahar Autonagar', was the largest automobile township in Asia for sometime. The main markets are situated in the old city, formerly called One Town and Kaleswara Rao Market area. Sao Paulo Stock Exchangejpg|thumb| Virtual market arena where buyer and seller are not present and trade via intemediates and electronical information It is estimated that nearly INR 10 crores of garment business takes place in the Vastralatha building alone in the One Town on a daily basis. A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system and was formerly a unit in the Persian numbering system still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Maldives Garments are mainly sold in Besant Road and Governor Pet, but now this activity is also happening in the malls that have come up in Labbipet and M. Religious Kanaka Durga Temple: One of the most popular temples in and around Vijayawada it is located on a hill (Indrakeeladri overlooking the city G. Road areas. The city is also famous for different kinds of wholesale business. They include garments, iron market,pulses, cereals, and other edible products, fancy markets, fertilizers, mango exports, pharma, metal and so on. Pulses are annual leguminous crops yielding from one to twelve Grains or Seeds of variable size shape and color within a Pod, according Fertilizers ( also spelt fertiliser are chemical compounds given to Plants to promote growth they are usually applied either through the soil for uptake by plant Mangoes belong to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous species of tropical fruiting Trees in the Flowering plant family Anacardiaceae In Economics, an export is any good or Commodity, Transported from one country to another country in a Legitimate fashion The M acro E xpansion T emplate A ttribute L anguage complements TAL, providing macros which allow the reuse of code across The city is one of busiest and crowded places due to its strong commercial hold in the entire state. Vijaywada is called the 'Commerce Hub' of the Andhra state, for it provides the right environ for all the agricultural and industrial goods to be transported in/out and traded in one single place.
Vijayawada is the busiest railway junction in South India, and is second biggest junction in India and only railway station to have escalators after New Delhi. A junction, in the context of Rail transport, is a place at which two or more rail routes converge or diverge South India is the area encompassing India 's states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu as well as the union India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country |}A train station, railway station, railroad station, or station yard is a facility at which Passengers may board and alight from Trains An escalator is a Conveyor transport device for transporting people consisting of individual linked steps that move up or down on tracks which keep the treads New Delhi (नई दिल्ली ਨਵੀਂ ਦਿੱਲੀ نئی دلی is the Capital city of India. The fact that Vijayawada is well connected through railways keeps it the main hub of commercial activities. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation.
The city of Vijayawada is run by the Vijayawada Municipal Corporation . It is run by elected representatives and a commissioner. The city is divided into 59 wards and each ward elects a corporator. A mayor is elected for the entire city. The commissioner who is a (IAS) officer of Joint collector rank is appointed by the state government. It has a dedicated Sub-Collector's office for Administration of State and Central Government Programmes. The Vijayawada City Police is headed by a Police Commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of DIG rank. Vijayawada is the only city in the country which is not a district headquarters.
Vijayawada is an important link in connecting the three regions of Andhra Pradesh and is a major transit point. Two National Highways, the National Highway 5 from Chennai to Calcutta and the National Highway 9 from Machilipatnam to Mumbai pass through the city connecting it to other parts of the country. Machilipatnam (మచిలిపట్నం is a city and a special grade Municipality in Krishna district in the Indian state of Andhra Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial Another National highway 221 connects the city to jagdalpur in madhyapradesh state. It is connected to other areas of the state, by state highways and district roads.
Air - The domestic airport located at Gannavaram, about 16-km, from the city connects Vijayawada to Hyderabad, Chennai, Rajahmundry and Bangalore. Gannavaram ( గన్నవరంis a town and a Mandal headquarter located in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, India, twenty kilometers from the city WikipediaWikiProject Indian cities for details --> Rajahmundry (రాజమండ్రి is a city and a Municipal corporation in Air Deccan and Kingfisher Airlines are the two airlines flying to and from Vijayawada. Kingfisher Airlines is an Airline based in Bangalore, India. It operates 218 flights a day and has a network of 38 destinations with regional and
Rail - Situated along the Chennai- Howrah and Chennai-Delhi rail route, Vijayawada is the biggest railway junction of the South Central Railway. Delhi (दिल्ली ਦਿੱਲੀ دلی d̪ɪlːiː sometimes referred to as Dilli) is the second largest metropolis of India, with a population A junction, in the context of Rail transport, is a place at which two or more rail routes converge or diverge Vijayawada junction had been given A-1 status by the central government. Krishna canal junction,Madhuranagar,Gunadala and Ramavarappadu are the other railway stations in the city.
Road - Good motorable roads connect Vijayawada with all the places within the state and also with the major cities in India. Transport by road from Vijayawada to all the places of interest is available in the form of Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) buses. Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC is the leading transport corporation in Andhra Pradesh State India. There are huge number of buses that run between Vijayawada and Hyderabad 24 hours-a-day and 365 days-a-year, unlike the rest of transportation in the state.
State run city buses (APSRTC), motor driven auto(rickshaw)s and manual driven (cycle)rickshaws are the major means of transport in Vijayawada. Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC is the leading transport corporation in Andhra Pradesh State India. Private lorries (trucks), cars and two-wheelers (motorcycles and scooters) abound as well. Public and private bus operators provide transport services to various parts of the country. Vijayawada also has one of the biggest bus terminals in the country, Pandit Nehru Bus Terminal in Vijayawada is an important link in connecting the three regions of Andhra Pradesh, biggest in Asia and is a major transit point. Vijayawada is also one of the busiest railway junctions in India and the biggest in South India. South India is the area encompassing India 's states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu as well as the union It is also called the "City that never sleeps" with reference to railways.  The domestic airport located at Gannavaram, connects Vijayawada to Hyderabad, Rajahmundry, Chennai and Bangalore by air. Gannavaram ( గన్నవరంis a town and a Mandal headquarter located in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, India, twenty kilometers from the city WikipediaWikiProject Indian cities for details --> Rajahmundry (రాజమండ్రి is a city and a Municipal corporation in Bangalore ( officially Bengaluru ( Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. A new deep water port is under construction at Machilipatnam replacing historical anchorage port which is about 65 km from city. 
Vijayawada is the third largest city in Andhra Pradesh after Hyderabad and Visakhapatnam. According to 2001 census, the population of the city is 851,282 (agglomeration 1,039,518) (2001 census) and 1,025,436 (agglomeration 1,411,152) (2006 census).
There are business groups like the Sindhi and the Rajasthani making city their home. They are concentrated in One-Town,the old town-nucleus. Tamils and Malayalis are also noticeable groups. There is a Tamil association operating here. A few students of Tibetan and Nepalese origin come to the city for studying here.
Vijayawada, also called as "Vidyalawada" (Place of Education), occupies a large amount of the educational infrastructure of Andhra Pradesh.
School Education in the city is implemented by both the government and the private firms. While the Vijayawada Municipal Corporation takes care of the former, the latter is achieved by a large number of schools, including day-care, nursery and primary-only ones.
There are “aided” schools in Vijayawada, meaning schools with both government and private partnerships as well, such as the Gollapudi high-school.
Government schools are located at different places like the Jammichettu center, the Patamata high-school and Suryarao Peta, to name a few. Private schools are scattered all over the city. A majority of them implement the State Syllabus for their students. The students, after studying their 10th class,take the Public Examination, which is equivalent of the school-leaving certificate.
Most of these schools are now English medium schools, though there are also telugu medium ones.
There are only a few schools accredited to the Central Board of Secondary Education in the city-meaning their class Ten students have to take the All India Secondary School Examination(AISSE) for their school-leaving certificate.
The city was named as "The Educational Sahara" by a foreign ambassador earlier during the century.
However with the opening up of Private colleges,after the 1950s,the scene changed vastly.
The first college built in Vijayawada is the Andhra Loyola College. Andhra Loyola College was established on a 110-acre plot in the year 1953 (classes commenced on July 22, 1954) with Rev. Andhra Loyola College commonly known as Loyola College is Jesuit educational institution founded in 1954 Francis Theo Mathias, SJ, (now, Emeritus Professor, Xavier Labour Relations Institute, Jamshedpur) as its first Principal. The college was affiliated to Andhra University till December 1976 and to Nagarjuna University thereafter. The NTR University of Health Sciences is located in Vijayawada, which is premier institution in the field of medical and dental sciences. NTR University of Health Sciences is a public university in the city of Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India. The South Indian branch of the School of Architecture and Planning is planning to allocate to Vijayawada. 
- Cricket is the most popular sport, with National level cricket matches played at Indira Gandhi Stadium. Cricket is a bat-and-ball team Sport that originated in England and is now played in more than 100 countries . A new international stadium is being built in a 20 acre site in Mangalagiri which will replace the local stadium as the venue for international and Ranji matches.  Badminton, Chess and Volleyball are also popular. Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles or two opposing pairs (doubles who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court Chess is a recreational and competitive Game played between two players. Volleyball is an Olympic team sport in which two teams of 6 active players (5 normal players and one 'libero' are separated by a net that is usually four feet The latest fad seems to be Archery.
Vijayawada is an important commercial, political, and cultural center in Andhra Pradesh. Humpy Koneru (born 31 March 1987 in Gudivada, Andhra Pradesh) is a Chess grandmaster from India. The print & electronic media industries have a major presence here. Prominent journalists from this city include Mutnuri Krishna Rao, C Raghavachari, Moturi Hanumantha Rao, Turlapati Kutumba Rao, Nanduri Rammohana Rao, Garapati Upendra Babu, Syed Akbar, AM Khan Yazdani, Kasinaduni Nageswara Rao Pantulu, Khadar Mohiuddin, Muhammad Vazeeruddin, R Ramprasad, K Sriramulu and Kuchi Gopalakrishna. Syed Akbar (born 20 September 1965) is a senior Indian science health and political Journalist from Hyderabad.
The FM radio channels broadcasted in the city include AIR Rainbow Krishnaveni FM (102. 2 MHz), Radio Mirchi FM (98. Radio Mirchi is a nationwide network of private FM radio stations in India. 3 MHz) and SFM (93. 5 MHz).
Television broadcasting in the city is carried out by two means: The Cable TV and the Direct-To-Home Satellite TV. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic
Vijayawada is one of the earliest and still continuing publishing centers in Andhra Pradesh. Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of Literature or Information &ndash the activity of making information available for public view Vague estimates say about 90 % of the total volume of books in the state are printed or published from here. Printing is a process for reproducing text and image typically with ink on Paper using a printing press The annual book festival has been quite popular with publishers from around the country participating here.
The Vijayawada Book Festival is celebrated once every year and is second largest book festival in the country after Kolkata. This book exhibition starts on every new year day (Jan 1st), and lasts for 10 days.
11 km from the western outskirts of Vijayawada lies the Kondapalli reserve forest, spread over 121. 5 km² (30,000 acres). The forest provides Vijayawada with a "green lung". This pristine forest is home to leopards, wild dogs, jackals, wild boar, wolfs etc.  Kondapalli hills produce special and soft wood, which is used for prearing "KONDAPALLI BOMALLU". These toys are world famous. They are of varied designs dancing toys, playing toys, etc.
Vijayawada is known as the political capital of Andhra Pradesh. Politically very active, voters show a high degree of maturity. The major political parties here are Telugu Desam Party, Indian National Congress and the Communist Party of India (Marxist). Telugu Desam Party ( Telugu: తెలుగు దేశం Party for Telugu Land and people or TDP is a regional Political party Indian National Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major Political party in India. The Communist Party of India (Marxist (abbreviated CPI(M or CPM) is a Political party in India. Earlier it was a strong centre for Congress (I) and Communist Part of India (Marxist). With the entry of TDP, the scenario has changed. As per political view, vijayawada has three main assembly constituencies namely Vijayawada west,Vijayawada central and Vijayawada east. Parts of the city are also present in Penamaluru,Mylavaram and Gannavaram assembly constituencies. Vijayawada has one Lok Sabha seat. The Lok Sabha (also titled the House of the People, by the Constitution) is the directly elected Lower house of the Parliament of India
The city has a strong educational infrastructure but lacks in the IT industry. There are about 32 IT firms in Vijayawada, which generated revenues of approximately Rs. 56 crores (Rs 56,00,00,000) in 2007-2008 fiscal year. The APIIC is setting up an IT park/SEZ at Gannavaram, 20km from the city, next to the airport, to facilitate the growth of the IT industry in this region. The major construction firm, L&T, was awarded the contract for developing this IT park with a budget of Rs 300 crores. The IT park can facilitate employment of up to 10,000 IT professionals. Another IT park with an area of 40 acres is being set up by VGTM-UDA in Mangalagiri.