|Regions with significant populations|
| Vietnam 72,000,000 |
Cambodia 600,000 
|Predominantly Mahayana Buddhism, with influences of Taoism and a background of Confucian thought (Triple Religion theory). Phan Bội Châu ( December 26, 1867 – October 29, 1940) was a pioneer of Vietnamese twentieth century Nationalism Nguyễn Trãi ( Hán tự: 阮[[wikt 廌|廌]] also known under his Style name Ức Trai 抑[[wikt 齋|齋]] (1380–1442 was a Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially The Kingdom of Cambodia ( formerly known as Kampuchea (, transliterated: Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) is a country in South East Laos (ˈlɑːoʊs or /ˈlaʊs/ officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, is a Landlocked country in Southeast Asia, bordered by Burma Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES Overseas Vietnamese ( Vietnamese: Việt Kiều, a Sino-Vietnamese word literally translating to "Vietnamese sojourner" refers to Vietnamese The United States of America —commonly referred to as the This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Czech Republic ( ˈt͡ʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka short form in Česko ˈt͡ʃɛskɔ also called Czechia, Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Norway ( Norwegian: Norge ( Bokmål) or Noreg ( Nynorsk) officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Constitutional The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Finland, officially the Republic of Finland ( is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of northern Europe. Vietnamese ( tiếng Việt, or less commonly Việt ngữ) formerly known under French colonization as Annamese ( see Annam) Mahayana ( Sanskrit: mahāyāna, Devanagari: महायान 'Great Vehicle' is one of the two main existing schools of Buddhism and a term for Taoism (pronounced /ˈdaʊɪzəm/ or /ˈtaʊɪzəm/ also spelled '''Daoism''') refers to a variety of related Philosophical and Religious traditions Confucianism ( is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of the fifth century B The earliest established religions in Vietnam are Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism (called the "triple religion" or Significant Roman Catholic, Hao Hao Budhist and Caodaist minorities. Hòa Hảo is a religious tradition based on Buddhism, founded in 1939 by Huynh Phu So, a native of the Mekong River Delta region of southern Vietnam Cao Đài ( Vietnamese:) is a relatively new syncretist, Monotheistic Religion, officially established in Tây Ninh, Small Protestant and Muslim presences. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. A Muslim (مسلم pronounced Muslim, not Muzlim) is an adherent of the Religion|
|Related ethnic groups|
For vague historical references, see also Yue (peoples).
The Vietnamese people (Vietnamese: người Việt or người Kinh) are an ethnic group originating from what is now northern Vietnam and southern China. Vietnamese ( tiếng Việt, or less commonly Việt ngữ) formerly known under French colonization as Annamese ( see Annam) Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES They are the majority ethnic group of Vietnam, comprising 86% of the population as of the 1999 census, and are officially known as Kinh to distinguish them from other ethnic groups in Vietnam. A majority, also known as a simple majority in the US, is a Subset of a group that is more than half of the entire group Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Vietnam is a multi-ethnic country with over fifty distinct groups (54 are recognized by the Vietnamese government each with its own language lifestyle and cultural heritage
Although geographically and linguistically labeled as Southeast Asians, long periods of Chinese domination and influence have placed them culturally closer to East Asians, or more specifically their immediate northern neighbours, the Southern Chinese and other tribes within the proximity of South China. Han Chinese ( are an Ethnic group native to China and by most modern definitions the largest single Ethnic group in the world.
Genetic studies in the past decade have shown that the Vietnamese population exhibits genetic markers that are closely related and/or identical to those of Southern Chinese populations, with the exception of seven unique markers. These results, along with remnants of Thai enzyme morphs, indicate a dual ethnic origin of the Vietnamese population from Chinese and Thai populations. The Vietnamese people are classified in the same genetic family as the Miao, Southern Han (Southern Chinese), Buyi and Thai, with a divergent family consisting of Singaporean and Thai Chinese, Minnan and Hakka. The Buyei (also spelled Puyi, Bouyei and Buyi; self called Buxqyaix, puʔjai or "Puzhong" "Burao" "Puman" Singapore The Hakkas ( Hakka language: Hak-kâ; Mandarin Chinese: Kèjiā) are a subgroup of the Han Chinese people who live predominantly
According to legend, the first Vietnamese descended from the dragon lord Lạc Long Quân and the female heavenly spirit Âu Cơ. The dragon is a Legendary creature of which some interpretation or depiction appears in almost every culture worldwide Lạc Long Quân ( Han tu: 雒[[wikt 龍|龍]] 君; literally "Dragon Lord of Lạc" sometimes spelled 駱[[wikt 龍|龍]] 君 Âu Cơ ( Han tu: 嫗[[wikt 姬|姬]] according to the Creation myth of the Vietnamese people, was an immortal mountain Fairy They married and had one hundred eggs, from which hatched one hundred children. Their eldest son Hùng Vương ruled as the first Vietnamese king. Hùng Vương ( Hán tự: 雄[[wikt 王|王]] was the first King of Văn Lang or Lạc Việt (as Vietnam was known at The predecessors of the Vietnamese people emigrated from present southern China to the Red River Delta and mixed with the indigenous population. The Red River Delta ( Đồng Bằng Sông Hồng) is the flat plain formed by the Red River and its distributaries joining in the Thai Binh River in northern
In 258 BC, An Dương Vương founded the kingdom of Âu Lạc in what is now northern Vietnam. Events By place Roman Republic The Romans are able to regain the initiative in Sicily against Carthage by retaking In 208 BC, Chao Tuo (known as Triệu Đà in Vietnamese), a former Qin Dynasty general from China, allied with the leaders of the Yue peoples in what is now modern-day Guangdong and declared himself King of Southern Yue. Events By place Roman Republic The Romans under Publius Cornelius Scipio defeat the Carthaginians under their commander Life Zhao was born in approximately 230 BC in Zhending (真定 Vietnamese Chân Định in what is today the Hebei province of northern China, Not to be confused with the Qing Dynasty, the last dynasty of China Guangdong ( EFEO: Kouangtong; Pinyin Guǎngdōng; Postal map spelling: Kwangtung) is a province on the Nanyue ( was an ancient kingdom that consisted of parts of the modern Chinese provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan and much of modern northern He defeated An Dương Vương and then combined Âu Lạc with territories in southern China and named his kingdom Nam Việt, or Southern Yue (Nam means "south"). Nanyue ( was an ancient kingdom that consisted of parts of the modern Chinese provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan and much of modern northern Việt is cognate to yue, which is the pronunciation of Yue in ancient Chinese and some modern southern Chinese dialects. The term was used in bai yue ("hundred Yue") for the various peoples in what is now southern China, including the regions of northern Vietnam.
Originally from northern Vietnam and southern China, the Vietnamese have conquered much of the land belonging to the Champa Kingdom and Khmer Empire over the centuries. The kingdom of Champa ( Chăm Pa in Vietnamese or Chiêm Thành in Hán Việt records was an Indianized kingdom and controlled what The Khmer Empire was the largest empire of South East Asia based in what is now Cambodia. They are the dominant ethnic group in most provinces of Vietnam, and constitute a significant portion of the population of Cambodia. The Kingdom of Cambodia ( formerly known as Kampuchea (, transliterated: Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) is a country in South East Under the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, they were the most persecuted group. The Khmer Rouge (ខ្មែរក្រហម Kmae Krɑhɑɑm was the Communist ruling political party of Cambodia &mdashwhich it renamed Tens of thousands were murdered in regime-organized massacres. Most of the survivors fled to Vietnam.
During the sixteenth century, some Vietnamese migrated into Thailand and China. The Kingdom of Thailand (ˈtaɪlænd ราชอาณาจักรไทย, râːtɕʰa-ʔaːnaːtɕɑ̀k-tʰɑj In Thailand, they are mostly distributed in Isan provinces such as Nakhon Phanom or Mukdahan. Isan ( Isan /อีสาน also written as Isaan Isarn Issan or Esarn is the northeast region of Thailand. Mukdahan (มุกดาหาร (also Mukdaharn) is one of the north-eastern provinces ( changwat) of Thailand. In China, although somewhat more sinicized, their descendants still speak Vietnamese and form the Gin people of China. Some areas of the southwestern People's Republic of China are inhabited by an indigenous population of ethnic Vietnamese people (or Kinh) They are among the recognized minority groups in the People's Republic of China based especially in or around Guangxi Province. Guangxi (or Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region;) is a Zhuang autonomous region of the People's Republic of China.
When the French left Vietnam in 1954, some Vietnamese emigrated to France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) However, there already have been ethnic Vietnamese residing and/or studying in France at least since the end of World War I. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All As a result of the partition of North and South Vietnam, nearly one million Vietnamese fled the North for the South to escape persecution. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN or less commonly Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa was a Country on the northern half of Vietnam "RVN" redirects here RVN is also the former callsign of a TV station in Wagga Wagga New South Wales Australia Meanwhile, a much smaller number of southerners joined the north.
The end of the Vietnam War prompted many others to flee the country. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia The six countries that accepted Vietnamese refugees were the United States, Canada, Great Britain, France, West Germany, and Australia. According to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, a refugee is a person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page See also Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain (Breatainn Mhòr Prydain Fawr Breten Veur Graet Breetain is the larger of the two main islands This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. West Germany ( Inf German: Westdeutschland or West-Deutschland) was the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany ( For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Tens of thousands had been sent to work or study in Central and Eastern Europe and later settled there, the vast majority among those from the north or those who stayed in reunified Vietnam after 1975. Central Europe is the Region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.