The Vidhan Parishad also known as Legislative Council forms a part of the state legislatures of India. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country In 6 of India's 28 states (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra ,Jammu and Kashmir and Andhra Pradesh), the Legislative Council serves as the upper house of a bicameral legislature. India is a union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. Uttar Pradesh (उत्तर प्रदेश اتر پردیش pronounced, Translation: Northern Province) referred to as '''U Bihar ( Hindi:बिहार Urdu: بہار bɪhaːr) is a state in eastern India. Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ pronounced) is a state in the southern part of India Maharashtra ( Marathi: mahārāṣṭra, IPA) is a state located on the western coast of India. ( Dogri: जम्मू और कश्मीर Urdu: جموں و کشمیر is the northernmost state of India. It is a house indirectly elected by the people. It is also a permanent house because it cannot be dissolved. Also, only one-third of its members run for election every 2 years. Every MLC (Member of Legislative Council) serves for a term of 6 years.
To become an MLC, a person must be a citizen of India, not under 30 years of age. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country He should be mentally sound but should not be bankrupt. His name should be on the voter's list of the state from where he is contesting the elections.
The size of the Vidhan Parishad cannot be more than one-third the membership of the Vidhan Sabha, the Legislative Assembly (lower house) of that state. The Vidhan Sabha also known as Legislative Assembly is the lower house of state legislature in India. But its size cannot be less than 40 except in Jammu and Kashmir where there are 32 by an Act of Parliament. ( Dogri: जम्मू और कश्मीर Urdu: جموں و کشمیر is the northernmost state of India. The Parliament of India (or Sansad) is the federal and supreme Legislative body of India. One-sixth of its membership is nominated by the Governor from among persons who have excelled in science, arts, social service and other activities. Science (from the Latin scientia, meaning " Knowledge " or "knowing" is the effort to discover, and increase human understanding The arts is a broad subdivision of Culture, composed of many expressive disciplines. Social work is a discipline involving the application of Social theory and research methods to study and improve the lives of people groups and societies Another one-third is elected by the local government bodies and one-twelfth by teachers of secondary schools, colleges and universities. Secondary school is a term used to describe an educational Institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling known as Secondary education, takes College ( Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an Educational Institution. A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects
- In April 2007, Andhra Pradesh have re-constituted the legislative council. The main opposition in the state, the Telugu Desam Party, has stated that it would abolish the council again if it comes to power in the state. Telugu Desam Party ( Telugu: తెలుగు దేశం Party for Telugu Land and people or TDP is a regional Political party - After the victory of the Akali Dal-BJP in Punjab, newly elected Chief Minister Prakash Singh Badal stated that he would re-constitute the state's vidhan parishad.
Critics of the Vidhan Parishad put forward similar arguments as those against India's upper house of parliament, the Rajya Sabha. The Rajya Sabha (meaning the "Council of States" is the Upper house of the Parliament of India. The main contention is that the upper houses, intended to let accomplished persons from a non-political background have a say in governance, have rather become a place to put unelectable politicians.