Vanwall was a Formula One team in the 1950s. The Vanwall name was derived by combining the name of the team owner Tony Vandervell with that of his patented Thinwall bearings, which were produced at his Vandervell Products factory at Acton, London. Guy Anthony "Tony" Vandervell (b 8 September 1898 - d Acton is a place in west London, England situated west of Charing Cross.
Tony Vandervell was one of the original backers of British Racing Motors. "BRM" redirects here For other uses please see BRM (disambiguation. In the early 1950s, he entered a series of modified Ferraris in Formula Libre races under the name "Thinwall Special". Ferrari SpA is an Italian Sports car manufacturer based in Maranello, Italy
The first actual Vanwalls were known as Vanwall Specials and were built for the new Formula 1 regulations in 1954 at Cox Green, Maidenhead. Cox Green is a Civil parish in the Windsor and Maidenhead district of Berkshire, England. Maidenhead is a town within the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, in Berkshire, England. The chassis was designed by Owen Maddock and built by the Cooper Car Company. A chassis (plural "chassis" (ˈʃæːsiː ˈtʃæːsiː consists of a framework that supports an inanimate object analogous to an Animal 's The Cooper Car Company was founded in 1946 by Charles Cooper and his son John Cooper.
The 2. 0 L engine was designed by Norton engineer Leo Kuzmicki, and was essentially four Norton single-cylinder 500 cc engines merged into a single unit. The car appeared in a Grande Epreuve for the first time in that year's British Grand Prix. The British Grand Prix is a race in the calendar of the FIA Formula One World Championship Development continued with boring out the engines to first (91. 0 x 86. 0 mm) 2,237 cc (235 bhp?) for Peter Collins at Monaco 1955, and then a full (96. 0 x 86. 0 mm (2,489 cc) 2. 5 L. Vanwalls then ran for a season in F1 without much in the way of success. At the end of the 1955 season, it was plain that while the engine was sound, the chassis needed improvement. It was suggested to Vandervell that he should hire the services of a young up-and-coming designer to improve their cars. The designer was Colin Chapman. Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman ( 19 May 1928 - 16 December 1982) was an influential British designer inventor and builder in the automotive
The new cars designed by Chapman (along with the aerodynamicist Frank Costin) showed early promise in 1956 by winning a non-championship F1 race at Silverstone against strong opposition. Frank Costin was an automotive engineer who pioneered Monocoque Chassis design and was instrumental in adapting aircraft Aerodynamic knowledge for automobile Silverstone Circuit is a Motor racing circuit in Northamptonshire and Buckinghamshire, named after the village in the former England Stirling Moss drove the car to victory in what was his only drive for Vanwall that year, as he was still contracted to drive for Maserati in F1. Sir Stirling Craufurd Moss OBE (born September 17, 1929 in London) is a retired racing driver from England. Maserati is an Italian manufacturer of racing cars and Sports cars established on December 1, 1914, in Bologna. Talented drivers Harry Schell and Maurice Trintignant were the full-timers for the season. Henry O'Reilly Schell (born 29 June 1921, Paris, France - died 13 May 1960, Silverstone Circuit, England Maurice Bienvenu Jean Paul Trintignant ( 30 October 1917, Sainte-Cécile-les-Vignes, Vaucluse &ndash 13 February 2005, However, neither of them had much success although the car showed obvious potential.
With the car developing and becoming ever more competitive, Moss eventually decided to drive for the team in 1957. He was joined by two Englishmen, Tony Brooks and Stuart Lewis-Evans. Charles Anthony Standish Brooks (born in Dukinfield, Cheshire, February 25, 1932) is a British former Racing driver Stuart Nigel Lewis-Evans (b 20 April 1930, Luton, Bedfordshire - d As the 1957 season unfolded, the cars became faster and more reliable. Moss and Brooks duly shared Vanwall's first Grand Prix victory in Britain at Aintree, and Moss went on to win both the Italian and Pescara Grands Prix. Aintree Racecourse is a racecourse in Aintree, Merseyside, England. The Italian Grand Prix ( Gran Premio d'Italia) is one of the longest running events on the Motor racing calendar The Coppa Acerbo was an automobile race held in Italy, named after Tito Acerbo, the brother of Giacomo Acerbo, a prominent fascist politician
At the end of 1957, alcohol fuels were banned and replaced by a compulsory 130-octane AVGAS fuel. This caused problems for Vanwall and B. R. M. with their large bore engines that required methanol for engine cooling. As a result, the Vanwall's power dropped from 290 bhp @ 7,500 rpm (308 bhp with nitro-methane!) to 278 bhp on the test bed. During the race, where revs were reduced, only 255-262 bhp @ 7,200 - 7,400 rpm was available. This put them at a disadvantage to the new Dino Ferrari V6 cars with a claimed 290 PS (286 bhp) @ 8,300 rpm. The Vanwall's superior road holding, streamlining, 5-speed gearbox and disk-brakes helped offset this. The engine was based on the 498 cc Manx Norton (86. 1 x 85. 6 mm) single that gave 51 bhp @ 7,200 rpm on regular petrol.
All three drivers stayed with the team in 1958, and Moss (wins in Holland, Portugal and Morocco) and Brooks (wins in Belgium, Germany and Italy) each won three championship races that season. Vanwall became the first team to win the Constructors' Championship, held for the first time that season. By season However, Moss lost out to Mike Hawthorn in the drivers' championship by a single point. John Michael Hawthorn ( April 10, 1929 - January 22, 1959) was a racing driver born in Mexborough, Yorkshire, England Their triumph at the end of the season was sadly marred when, during the final race of the year in Morocco, Lewis-Evans was fatally injured in an accident. The Moroccan Grand Prix was a Grand Prix motor racing event begun in 1925 in Casablanca, Morocco with the official denomination
The 1958 season was the last one in which Vanwall entered every race. The 1958 Formula One season included the 9th FIA Formula One World Championship season which commenced on January 19, 1958, and ended on Vandervell's health was failing and he had been advised by his doctors to rest. The team continued half-heartedly. Brooks made one appearance in a lower and lighter Vanwall in the 1959 British Grand Prix and the team tried again with another car in the 1960 French Grand Prix. The French Grand Prix ( Grand Prix de France) is a race held as part of Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile 's annual Formula One automobile These efforts lacked the seriousness of the past however and they were unsuccessful.
The last racing Vanwall was a rear engined machine produced for the 1961 3. 0 litre Intercontinental Formula. Although showing promise when campaigned by John Surtees in two races, development was stopped short when the formula did not find success in Europe. Motorcycle racing career Born in Tatsfield, Surrey, Surtees was the son of a south London motorcycle dealer The engine was stroked to (96. 0 x 90. 0 mm) 2,605 cc and was rated at 290 bhp on 100 octane petrol.
The Donington Collection has a complete example of each model, including the rear engined car.
In 2003 Vanwalls Cars was formed, producing the Vanwall Sports Racer, a single seater road legal car bearing a strong resemblance to previous Vanwall racing cars.
|Formula One Constructors' Champion|