Valentine Brown Lawless (19 August 1773 – 28 October 1853), the second Baron Cloncurry, was an Irish politician and landowner. Events 43 BC - Octavian, later known as Augustus compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul. Year 1773 ( MDCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor. 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine Year 1853 ( MDCCCLIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Baron Cloncurry was a title in the Peerage of Ireland and in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He lived in Lyons, under Lyons Hill Ardclough County Kildare. Lyons Hill, a restored village former parish church and town now part of the community of Ardclough in north County Kildare. Ardclough is a village and community in the parish of Kill County Kildare, Ireland, two miles off the N7. County Kildare (Contae Chill Dara is an Irish County located to the southwest of Dublin in the province of Leinster.
Lawless was born in Merrion Square in Dublin. Merrion Square ( Cearnóg Mhuirfean in Irish) is situated on the south side of Dublin city centre and is considered one of the city's finest Georgian His father, originally a Catholic, emigrated to France where he purchased an estate at Rouen. Rouen (ʁwɑ̃ in French) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and currently the capital Later, he returned home, and converted to the Church of Ireland. The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating across the island of Ireland. A wool merchant and banker, he was created a baronet in 1776 and elevated to the peerage as Baron Cloncurry in 1789.
Mystery surrounds Lawless's involvement in the 1798 Rebellion and 1803 rebellions designed to establish an independent republic in Ireland. The Irish Rebellion of 1798 (Éirí Amach 1798 Turn Oot 1798 or 1798 rebellion as it is known locally was an uprising in 1798 lasting several months against the He has been cited as chief organiser of the Untied Irish Movement in London, but downplayed this aspect fo his life in his later writings when the democracy movement had long been suppressed. He is believed to have joined the United Irishmen in 1793, shortly before his father Nicholas Lawless, a wool-merchant turned banker who converted from Catholicism to the Church of Ireland and became the first Lord Cloncurry, took charge of Lyons House. The Society of United Irishmen was founded as a Liberal political organisation in eighteenth century Ireland that sought Parliamentary reform The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating across the island of Ireland. Valentine was imprisoned in June 1798 on suspicion of treason in London, released, re-arrested and held in the Tower of London until March 1801. Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically as The Tower) is a historic monument in central London Lawless’s agent Thomas Braughall was also arrested and he was asked to subscribe to the defence of James O'Coigly, a United Irish leader hanged in London in 1798.
On his release he went to Paris and then Rome. He was there during Robert Emmet's rebellion and is believed by Emmet’s biographer Ruan O’Donnell to have been a member of the new Republican Government in waiting. He used his time to purchase works of art being sold off by Italian nobles under pressure from Napoleon's oppressive taxation, and sent four shiploads to Ireland for the refurbishment of Lyons House. They included a statue of Venus excavated at Ostia and three pillars from the palace of Nero originally looted from Egypt, but other artefacts were lost when the third shipment sank off Wicklow head.
He returned in 1804 to oversee Richard Morrison's £200,000 refurbishment of Lyons House (equivalent to €15. 25m today) and the reorgansiation of his extensive estates. In 1807 Valentine Lawless brought an infamous action for criminal conversation against John Piers, whose misdemeanours with Lady Georgiana Cloncurry had been witnessed by the painter Gabrielli while he was at work. The Gabrielli (sometimes known as "Gabrielli di Gubbio " are an Italian feudal family from Gubbio, a town in Umbria.
More conservative in his later politics, Lawless supported Catholic Emancipation but did not support Daniel O'Connell in his campaign for Repeal. Catholic Emancipation (Fuascailt na gCaitliceach or Catholic Relief, was a process in Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th Daniel O'Connell ( 6 August 1775 &ndash 15 May 1847) ( Dónal Ó Conaill) known as The Liberator, or The Emancipator A repeal is the Removal or Reversal of a Law. This is generally done when a law is no longer effective or it is shown that a law is having far more negative After 1828 he became a member of the private cabinet of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey and kept horses ready at Lyons for impromptu meetings when Anglesey was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1828 to 1829 (when he was popular), and from 1830 to1834 (when he was less popular). Field Marshal Henry William Paget 1st Marquess of Anglesey KG GCB GCH ( 17 May 1768 &ndash 29 April The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Ard-Leifteanant na hÉireann ( Plural: Lords Lieutenant) also known as the Judiciar in the early Mediaeval period Dublin Castle remained suspicious, however. Dublin Castle (Caisleán Bhaile Átha Cliath off Dame Street, Dublin, Ireland, is a major Irish governmental complex formerly the fortified In 1829 Daniel O’Connell stated that the Lord Lieutenant had been recalled to London 'because he visited Lord Cloncurry. ' Lawless was granted a British peerage in September 1831 a few days after the coronation of William IV. The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most Peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Act of Union in 1801 when William IV (William Henry 21 August 1765 &ndash 20 June 1837 was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until
His memoir, published in 1849, claimed: "The independence of Ireland is sure to come at last - as sure as that the Roman Empire fell in pieces, or the North American provinces are now free states. When misfortune shall overtake England, or the lot common to empires as to individuals, can she lay the flattering unction to her soul that she has acted with probity towards Ireland?"