|The University of Texas at Austin|
|Motto:||Disciplina praesidium civitatis (Latin)|
|Motto in English:||Cultivated mind is the guardian genius of democracy|
|Type:||Flagship state university|
|Endowment:||US$15. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The date of establishment or date of founding of an Institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point flagship is the lead ship in a fleet of vessels a designation given on account of being either the largest fastest newest most heavily armed or for publicity purposes the most well A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been 6 billion|
|President:||William C. Powers, Jr.|
|Provost:||Steven W. University president is the title of the highest ranking officer within a University, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as William Charles Powers Jr (born May 30, 1946) is the 28th president of The University of Texas at Austin, a position he has held since February 1 Provost is the title of a senior Academic administrator at many institutions of Higher education in the United States and Canada, the equivalent Leslie|
|Location:||Austin, Texas, U.S.|
|Campus:||Urban, 350 acres (1. A faculty is a division within a University. The concept of a university with different faculties for different subjects dates back to Al-Azhar University, which had Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation Verb "studēre" In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. See also Postgraduate Training in Education Postgraduate education (synonymous in North America with graduate education, and sometimes described Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 4 km²)|
|Former names:||University of Texas (1883-1967)|
|Colors:||Burnt orange and white |
The University of Texas at Austin (often referred to as The University of Texas, UT Austin, UT, or Texas) is a major research university located in Austin, Texas and the flagship institution of The University of Texas System. School colors are the Colors chosen by a School to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification The colour orange occurs White is a Color, the perception which is evoked by Light that stimulates all three types of color sensitive Cone cells in the Human eye The athletic nickname, or equivalently athletic moniker, of a University or College within the United States is the name officially adopted by Texas Longhorns athletics programs include the extramural and intramural sports teams of The University of Texas at Austin. The term mascot – defined as a term for any person animal or object thought to bring Luck – colloquially includes anything used to represent a group with a common Bevo is the name of the mascot of the sports teams at the University of Texas at Austin, a Texas longhorn steer with burnt orange coloring A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. flagship is the lead ship in a fleet of vessels a designation given on account of being either the largest fastest newest most heavily armed or for publicity purposes the most well The University of Texas System comprises fifteen Educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are for academy universities and six are Health The main campus is located less than a mile from the Texas State Capitol in Austin. The Texas State Capitol, located in Austin Texas, is the fourth building to serve as the seat of Texas government UT Austin was named one of the original eight "Public Ivy" institutions of higher education; i. Public Ivy is a term coined by Richard Moll in his 1985 book Public Ivys A Guide to America's best public undergraduate colleges and universities to refer to universities which e. , a public institution that "provides an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price. " Founded in 1883, the university has had the fifth largest single-campus enrollment in the nation as of fall 2006 (and had the largest enrollment in the country from 1997–2003), with nearly 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students and 16,500 faculty and staff.  It currently holds the largest enrollment of all colleges in the state of Texas. The List of largest Texas universities by enrollment includes only the top ten universities in Texas as reported by the Texas Education Agency and respective universities 
The university also operates various auxiliary facilities aside from the main campus, most notably the J. J. Pickle Research Campus. The J J Pickle Research Campus ( PRC) in Austin Texas, is owned and operated by the University of Texas at Austin. Texas is a major center for academic research, annually exceeding $380 million in funding. In addition, the university's athletic programs were recognized by Sports Illustrated, which dubbed UT "America's Best Sports College" in 2002. Sports Illustrated is an American Sports Magazine owned by media conglomerate Time Warner.
The first mention of a public university in Texas can be traced to the 1827 constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. The history of the University of Texas at Austin began in 1827 as a provision in the Constitución de Coahuila y Texas. Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Coahuila y Tejas (or Coahuila and Texas) was one of the constituent states of the newly established United Mexican States under its 1824 Constitution Although an article promised to establish public education in the arts and sciences, no action was ever taken by the Mexican government. After Texas obtained its independence from Mexico in 1836, the Congress of Texas adopted the Constitution of the Republic, which included a provision to establish public education in republic, including two universities or colleges. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas was written in 1836 between the fall of the Alamo Mission in San Antonio and Sam Houston 's stunning The Republic of Texas was a sovereign Nation in North America between the United States and Mexico that existed from 1836 to On January 26, 1839, the Congress of Texas agreed to eventually set aside fifty leagues of land towards the effort; in addition, forty acres in the new capital of Austin were reserved and designated "College Hill. Events 1340 - King Edward III of England is declared King of France. Year 1839 ( MDCCCXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common A league is a unit of Length or Area long common in Europe and Latin America, although no longer an official unit in any nation "
In 1846, Texas was annexed into the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The state legislature passed the Act of 1858, which set aside $100,000 in United States bonds towards construction. In Finance, a bond is a Debt security, in which the authorized issuer owes the holders a debt and is obliged to repay the principal and Interest In addition, the legislature designated land, previously reserved for the encouragement of railroad construction, toward the universities' fifty leagues. However, Texas's secession from the Union and the American Civil War prevented further action on these plans. Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio is the act of withdrawing from an organization union or especially a political entity Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South
The passing of the Morrill Act in 1862 facilitated the creation of Texas A&M University, which was established in 1876 as the Agricultural & Mechanical College of Texas. Texas A&M University, often called A&M or TAMU, is a Coeducational public Research University located in College Station  The Texas Constitution of 1876 mandated that the state establish a university "at an early day," calling for the creation of a "university of the first class," The University of Texas. The Constitution of the State of Texas is the document that describes the structure and function of the government of the U It revoked the endowment of the railroad lands of the Act of 1858 but appropriated one million acres (4000 km²) in West Texas. In 1883, another two million were granted, with income from the sale of land and grazing rights going to The University of Texas and Texas A&M. Grazing rights is a legal term referring to the right of a user to allow their Livestock to feed (graze in a given area
In 1881, Austin was chosen as the site of the main university, and Galveston was designated the location of the medical department. On the original "College Hill," an official ceremony began construction on what is now referred to as the old Main Building in late 1882. The university opened its doors on September 15, 1883. Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy. Year 1883 ( MDCCCLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
The old Victorian-Gothic Main Building served as the central point of the campus's forty acre site, and was used for nearly all purposes. The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of Architectural styles predominantly employed during the Victorian era. The Gothic Revival is an architectural movement which began However, by the 1930s, discussions rose about the need for new library space, and the Main Building was razed in 1934 over the objections of many students and faculty. The modern-day tower and Main Building were constructed in its place.
Constitutional restrictions against funding building construction hampered expansion. However, the funds generated by oil discovered on university-owned grounds in 1923 were put towards its general endowment fund. Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit This extra revenue allowed the university to pay down its debt, and pass bond in 1931 and 1947, funding the necessary expansion after the enrollment spike following World War II. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The university built 19 permanent structures between 1950 and 1965, when it was given the right of eminent domain. Eminent domain ( United States) compulsory purchase ( United Kingdom, New Zealand, Ireland) resumption/compulsory acquisition With this power, the university purchased additional properties surrounding the original forty acres.
UT property totals 850 acres (3. The Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum is one of 12 presidential libraries administered by the National Archives and Records Administration. 4 km²), comprised of the 350 acres (1. 4 km²) for the main campus and other land for the J.J. Pickle Research Campus in north Austin and the other properties throughout Texas. The J J Pickle Research Campus ( PRC) in Austin Texas, is owned and operated by the University of Texas at Austin.
One of the university's most visible features is the Beaux-Arts Main Building, including a 307-foot (94 m) tower designed by Paul Philippe Cret. Beaux Arts architecture denotes the academic classical Architectural style that was taught at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. Paul Philippe Cret ( October 24 1876, Lyon France &ndash September 8 1945, Philadelphia Pennsylvania) was a French-American  Completed in 1937, the Main Building is located in the middle of campus. The tower usually appears illuminated in white light in the evening but is lit orange for various special occasions, including athletic victories and academic accomplishments; it is conversely darkened for solemn occasions.  At the top of the tower is a carillon of 56 bells, the largest in Texas. A carillon (/kaʁijɔ̃/ /ˈkærɪljɒn/ or /kəˈrɪljən/ is a Musical instrument consisting of at least 23 cast bronze cup-shaped bells which are played Songs are played on weekdays by resident carillonneur Tom Anderson, in addition to the usual pealing of Westminster Quarters every quarter hour between 6 a. Description The melody consists of five different Permutations of four pitches which can be played in any key m. and 9 p. m. The tower went through a few periods of being closed to the public (due to the 1966 Whitman Massacre and multiple suicide jumps); however, in 1998, after the installation of security and safety measures, the observation deck reopened to the public indefinitely for weekend tours. 
The university is home to 7 museums and 17 libraries, which hold over eight million volumes.  The holdings of the university's Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center include one of only 21 remaining complete copies of the Gutenberg Bible and the first permanent photograph, View from the Window at Le Gras, taken by Nicéphore Niépce. The Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center is a Library and Archive at the University of Texas at Austin, specializing in the collection of literary and Gutenberg Bible (also known as the 42-line Bible or the Mazarin Bible) is a printed version of the Latin Vulgate translation of the Bible that Joseph Nicéphore Niépce ( March 7, 1765 &ndash July 5, 1833) was a French Inventor, most noted as the inventor of  The newest museum, the Blanton Museum of Art, opened in April 2006 and hosts approximately 17,000 works from Europe, the United States, and Latin America. The Blanton Museum of Art is the Art museum and research center of the University of Texas at Austin under the College of Fine Arts.
UT has an extensive underground tunnel system that links many of the buildings. A tunnel is an underground passageway The definition of what constitutes a tunnel is not universally agreed upon  The tunnel system, purportedly used for communications and utility service, is closed to the public and is guarded by silent alarms. "Silent alarm" redirects here For the album see Silent Alarm (album. The university also operates a 1. 1 megawatt nuclear reactor at the J. This article is a subarticle of Nuclear power. A nuclear reactor is a device in which Nuclear chain reactions are initiated controlled J. Pickle Research Campus, which has gone critical twice in its history: once at Taylor Hall in 1963 and again in 1992.  
The university continues to expand its facilities on campus. In February 2006, the Board of Regents voted to update and expand the football stadium, and in March 2006 the student body passed a referendum to build a new Student Activities Center next to Gregory Gym on the east side of campus, pending final approval by the Board of Regents. According to The Daily Texan, the project is estimated to cost $51 million and is set to open between fall 2010 and fall 2012. Funding will primarily come from students, raising tuition by a maximum of $65 per semester. 
The university operates a public radio station, KUT, which provides local FM broadcasts as well as live streaming audio over the Internet. For the town in Armenia see Kut Armenia. Al-Kūt ( BGN: Al Kūt; also spelled Kut-Al-Imara or Kut El Amara See also Frequency modulation, FM band FM broadcasting is a broadcast Technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that The university uses Capital Metro to provide bus transportation for students around the campus and throughout Austin. History The creation of Capital Metro was approved in 1985 by the citizens of Austin with a one-cent sales tax
UT Austin consistently receives high rankings for several of its programs and overall. The McCombs School of Business at The University of Texas at Austin is one of the most renowned business schools in the world The 2008 U.S. News and World Report ranks Texas #44 in the nation and #12 among public universities, while a 2007 The Washington Monthly report ranked UT Austin #19 in the nation. USNews & World Report is an influential weekly American Newsmagazine published in Washington D The Washington Monthly is a monthly Magazine of United States Politics and Government that is based in Washington D  Additionally, UT Austin was ranked as the #6 Top American Research University for 2007, and a 2005 USA Today report ranked the university as "the number one source of new Fortune 1000 CEOs". USA TODAY is a national American daily Newspaper published by the Gannett Company. Please do not add the complete list of fortune 1000 companies In international rankings, Texas was ranked #4 in a Zhejiang University (China) 2005 report on the innovativeness of universities worldwide, and #15 worldwide in a 2004 Times Higher Education Supplement (England) report. Zhejiang University ( ZJU;) sometimes referred to as Zheda, is a national university in China. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Times Higher Education ( THE) formerly The Times Higher Education Supplement ( THES) is a magazine based  Seven UT Austin doctoral programs ranked in the top 10 in the nation for 2008, with 22 departments also in the top 25. "PhD" redirects here for other uses see PhD (disambiguation. 
One of the most renowned schools at the university is the McCombs School of Business, which comprises national rankings of the #1 undergraduate and graduate accounting programs, the #2 marketing program,  the #4 management research productivity, the #10 undergraduate business program, and the #18 (full-time) MBA program. The McCombs School of Business at The University of Texas at Austin is one of the most renowned business schools in the world Accountancy or accounting is the measurement statement or provision of assurance about financial information primarily used by Lenders managers, In popular usage "marketing" is the promotion of products especially Advertising and Branding However in professional usage the term has a wider meaning of  A 2005 Bloomberg survey also ranked the school #5 among all business schools and #1 among public business schools for the largest number of alumni who are S&P 500 CEOs. Bloomberg LP is a financial software services news and data company The S&P 500 is a Stock market index containing the stocks of 500 Large-Cap Corporations all of which are from the United States. A chief executive officer ( CEO) or chief executive is typically the highest-ranking corporate officer ( executive) or administrator 
While UT Austin does not have a medical school, it houses medical programs associated with other campuses and allied health professional programs, which has contributed to the College of Pharmacy's #2 2008 national ranking by U. S. News and World Report.  Other programs highly ranked by U. S. News and World Report include the #10 College of Education, the #11 Cockrell School of Engineering, and the #16 School of Law.  Additionally, the university's library system—its main campus library the Perry-Castañeda Library—ranks #6 among academic libraries in the nation. The Perry-Castañeda Library ( PCL) is the main central Library of the University of Texas at Austin library system in Austin Texas. 
The university contains sixteen colleges and academic units, each listed with its founding date:
UT Austin offers more than 100 undergraduate and 170 graduate degrees. The University of Texas School of Architecture (also referred as UTSOA) to is a College within The University of Texas at Austin and has its major facilities The McCombs School of Business at The University of Texas at Austin is one of the most renowned business schools in the world The College of Fine Arts is one of 14 divisions at the The University of Texas at Austin and consists of five departmental units including the Department of Art and Art History The Sarah and Ernest Butler School of Music, part of the College of Fine Arts, is located on the eastern side of The University of Texas at Austin. The Jackson School of Geosciences at The University of Texas at Austin unites the Department of Geological Sciences, one of the largest and most respected academic The University of Texas School of Law is an ABA -certified American Law school located on The University of Texas at Austin campus The Lyndon B Johnson School of Public Affairs' mission is to develop leaders and ideas that will help the nation and the international community address critical public policy The College of Natural Sciences at The University of Texas at Austin offers more than 50 undergraduate degrees and 15 graduate programs In the 2003-2004 academic year, the university awarded a total of 13,065 degrees: 68. 6% bachelor's degrees, 21. A bachelor's degree is usually an Undergraduate Academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three four or in some cases and 7% master's degrees, 5. 2% doctoral degrees, and 4. A doctorate is an Academic degree that indicates the highest level of academic achievement 5% other professional degrees.  UT Austin also offers numerous undergraduate honors programs, such as Dean's Scholars, Turing Scholars, Business Honors, Plan II, and Liberal Arts Honors. 
As a state public university, UT Austin is subject to Texas House Bill 588 (aka HB 588, the top ten percent law, or the percent plan), which guarantees graduating Texas high school seniors in the top 10% of their class admission to any public Texas university. Texas House Bill 588 is a Texas law passed in 1997. The law guarantees Texas students who graduated in the top ten percent of their High school class For others who go through the traditional application process, selectivity at UT Austin is deemed "more selective" according to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.  In fall 2006, a total of 27,315 applications were received and 13,305 were admitted. In fall 2007, 27,232 applications and 13,781 students were admitted. 
In Fall 2007, UT Austin employed 2,300 full-time faculty members, 51% who were tenured. The Hobby-Eberly Telescope is a 92 meter telescope located at the McDonald Observatory. The McDonald Observatory is located near the unincorporated community of Fort Davis in Jeff Davis County, Texas, United States. Full-time equivalent (FTE is a way to measure a worker's involvement in a project or a student's enrollment at an educational institution The student-to-faculty ratio is 19. 23.  The university's faculty includes winners of the Nobel Prize, the Pulitzer Prize, the National Medal of Science, the National Medal of Technology, and numerous other awards. The Nobel Prize (Nobelpriset (Nobelprisen is a Swedish prize established in the 1895 will of Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel; it was first awarded in Peace, Literature The Pulitzer Prize, ˈpʊlɨtsɚ PULL-it-sər is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in Newspaper journalism, The National Medal of Science is an honor bestowed by the President of the United States to individuals in Science and Engineering who have made important The National Medal of Technology and Innovation (formerly known as the National Medal of Technology) is an honor granted by the President of the United States to American
The university exceeds $446 million in annual research funding and has earned more than 400 patents since its founding. (Licensing deals generate more than $5 million annually for the university. )
The university receives income from an endowment known as the Permanent University Fund (PUF), with $11. The Permanent University Fund ( PUF) is one of the methods by which the State of Texas funds its universities The Permanent University Fund ( PUF) is one of the methods by which the State of Texas funds its universities 6 billion (fourth-largest in the United States) in assets as of November 2005, of which 30 percent is dedicated to the university. The following are three lists of US institutions of higher education by endowment: Largest endowments Largest endowments per student Certain universities The United States of America —commonly referred to as the  Proceeds from lands appropriated in 1839 and 1876, as well as oil monies, comprise the majority of this fund. At one time, the PUF was the chief source of income for Texas's two university systems, The University of Texas System and the Texas A&M University System; today, however, its revenues account for less than 10 percent of the universities' annual budgets. The Texas A&M University System is one of the largest and most complex systems of higher education in the United States. This has challenged the universities to increase sponsored research and private donations. Privately funded endowments contribute over $2 billion to the University's total endowment value.
The university enrolls 37,377 undergraduate, 11,533 graduate and 1,467 law students. The student population includes students from all 50 states and more than 100 foreign countries, most notably, South Korea, followed by India, the People's Republic of China, Mexico and the Republic of China, are represented. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES  The average SAT score for entering Fall 2004 freshmen was a 1230 out of 1600. The SAT Reasoning Test (formerly Scholastic Aptitude Test and Scholastic Assessment Test) is a standardized test for College admissions in the First year, or freshman, is a term in an educational setting often used to describe a student's status during their first year at an educational institution
The campus is currently home to fourteen residence halls, the last of which opened for residence in Spring 2007. On-campus housing can hold more than 7,100 students.  Jester Center is the largest residence hall with its capacity of 2,945. Jester Center or Jester Residence Hall is a co-educational residence hall at The University of Texas at Austin, built in 1969  Academic enrollment exceeds the capacity of on-campus housing; as a result, most students must live in private residence halls, housing cooperatives, apartments, or with Greek organizations and other off-campus residences. A housing cooperative is a legal entity—usually a Corporation —that owns Real estate, consisting of one or more residential buildings Fraternities and sororities (from the Latin words la frater and la soror, meaning "brother" and "sister" respectively are fraternal The Division of Housing and Food Service, which already has the largest market share of 7,000 of the estimated 27,000 beds in the campus area, plans to expand to 9,000 beds in the near future. 
The university recognizes more than 1,000 student organizations.  In addition, it supports three official student governance organizations that represent student interests to faculty, administrators, and the Texas Legislature. Student Government, established in 1902, is the oldest governance organization and represents student interests in general.  The Senate of College Councils represents students in academic affairs and coordinates the college councils, and the Graduate Student Assembly represents graduate student interests.  The Texas Union Student Events Center serves as the hub for student activities on campus. 
The University of Texas at Austin is home to an active Greek community. Hook 'em Horns is the slogan and hand signal of The University of Texas at Austin. Texas Longhorns athletics programs include the extramural and intramural sports teams of The University of Texas at Austin. The University of Texas at Austin is home to more than 50 national fraternity and sorority chapters The first UT Greek chapter, the Kappa Alpha Order Omicron Chapter, opened in 1883; the same year as the university. Year 1883 ( MDCCCLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common  Over 11 percent of undergraduate students make up the nearly 4,500 members. With more then 50 national fraternity and sorority chapters, the university's Greek community is one of the largest in the nation. Fraternities and sororities (from the Latin words la frater and la soror, meaning "brother" and "sister" respectively are fraternal These chapters are under the authority of one of UT Austin's five Greek council communities, Interfraternity Council, National Pan-Hellenic Council, Texas Asian Pan-Hellenic Council, United Greek Council and University Panhellenic Council. Chapters is a Canadian Big Box Bookstore chain owned by Indigo Books and Music. Membership requirements Member The NIC membership requirements are detailed in the By-Laws of the North-American Interfraternity Conference History The National Pan-Hellenic Council was established in an age when Racial segregation and disenfranchisement plagued African Americans, the rise of each  Other registered student organizations also name themselves with Greek letters and are called affiliates. They are not a part of one of the five councils but have all of the same privileges and responsibilities of any other organization.  According to the Office of the Dean of Students' mission statement, Greek Life promotes the principles of cultural appreciation, scholarship, leadership, and service. Community service refers to service that a person performs for the benefit of his or her local Community.  While there are no fraternity and sorority houses located on-campus, the majority are located west of The Drag in the neighborhood called West Campus. The Drag is the name for a portion of Guadalupe Street that runs along the western edge of the University of Texas campus in Austin Texas. West Campus is a neighborhood in Central Austin west of The Drag and its namesake The University of Texas at Austin.
Other student-run publications include:
The University of Texas offers a wide variety of varsity and intramural sports programs. Texas Longhorns athletics programs include the extramural and intramural sports teams of The University of Texas at Austin. The 2005 Texas Longhorn football team (variously "Texas" "UT" or the "Horns" represented The University of Texas at Austin during the College Littlefield Fountain is a monument by Italian-born sculptor Pompeo Coppini, located on the campus of The University of Texas at Austin in Austin Texas Due to the breadth of sports offered and the quality of the programs, Texas was selected as "America's Best Sports College" in a 2002 analysis performed by Sports Illustrated. Sports Illustrated is an American Sports Magazine owned by media conglomerate Time Warner.  Texas was also listed as the number one Collegiate Licensing Company client for the second consecutive year in regards to the amount of annual trademark royalties received from the sales of its fan merchandise. The Collegiate Licensing Company (CLC is an American Collegiate trademark licensing and marketing company Royalties (sometimes running royalties) are usage-based payments made by one party (the "licensee" to another (the "licensor" for ongoing use of an However this ranking is based only on clients of the Collegiate Licensing Company which does not handle licensing for approximately three dozen large schools such as Ohio State, Southern California, UCLA, Michigan State, and Texas A&M. 
The university's men's and women's athletics teams are nicknamed the Longhorns. A charter member of the Southwest Conference until its dissolution in 1996, Texas now competes in the Big 12 Conference (South Division) of the NCAA's Division I-FBS. This page is about the now defunct Southwest Conference (SWC For the unrelated and currently still active conference abbreviated as the SWAC see Southwestern Athletic Conference The Big 12 Conference is a college athletic conference of twelve schools located mostly in the central United States. The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations Division I (or D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States Texas has won 47 total national championships, 39 of which are NCAA national championships. 
The University of Texas has traditionally been considered a college football powerhouse. College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, Colleges and military academies  At the start of the 2007 season, the Longhorns were ranked third in the all-time list of both total wins and winning percentage.  The team experienced its greatest success under coach Darrell Royal, winning three national championships in 1963, 1969, 1970, and winning a fourth title under head coach Mack Brown in 2005 after the 41-38 victory over previously undefeated Southern California in the 2006 Rose Bowl. Darrell K Royal (born July 6, 1924 in Hollis Oklahoma) is a College Football Hall of Fame member and is the winningest football William Mack Brown (born August 27, 1951) is head coach of the University of Texas Longhorn football team The University of Southern California (commonly referred to as USC, SC, Southern California, and incorrectly The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American College football Bowl game, usually played on January 1 ( New Year's Day) at the Rose
In recent years, the men's basketball team has gained prominence, advancing to the NCAA Tournament Sweet Sixteen in 2002, the Final Four in 2003, the Sweet Sixteen in 2004, and the Elite Eight in 2006 and 2008. College basketball most often refers to the American Basketball competitive governance structure established by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA The NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship is a single elimination Tournament held each spring featuring 65 College basketball teams in the The term Elite Eight refers to the final eight teams in the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship or the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship.
The university's baseball team is considered one of the best in the nation with more trips to the College World Series than any other school, with wins in 1949, 1950, 1970, 1983, 2002 and 2005. College baseball is Baseball as played on the intercollegiate level at institutions of Higher education, predominantly in the United States. The College World Series or CWS is a Baseball Tournament held in Omaha Nebraska that is the culmination of the NCAA Division I Baseball
Additionally, the university's highly successful men's and women's swimming and diving teams lay claim to sixteen NCAA Division I titles. In particular, the men's team is under the leadership of Eddie Reese, who served as the head men's coach at the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, and the 2004 Games in Athens.
One of the university's notable rivals in many sports is Texas A&M University. The State Farm Lone Star Showdown is the official moniker (trademarked in 1996 for all varsity men's and women's athletics competitions between Texas A&M University Texas A&M Aggies (variously A&M or Texas Aggies) refers to the sports teams of Texas A&M University.  The two schools have acknowledged the importance of this rivalry by creating the State Farm Lone Star Showdown series, which encompasses all sports where both schools field a varsity team. State Farm Insurance is a group of Insurance and Financial services companies The State Farm Lone Star Showdown is the official moniker (trademarked in 1996 for all varsity men's and women's athletics competitions between Texas A&M University The football game played between the two schools is the third longest-running rivalry in the nation and is the longest-running rivalry for both schools. The game used to be played on Thanksgiving day but in recent years has been played on the day following Thanksgiving. In the United States, Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day is an annual one-day legal holiday to express Gratitude for the things one has Both schools traditionally hold a rally each year before the football game — Texas hosts the Hex Rally, and students at Texas A&M host the Aggie Bonfire (although it is no longer an officially sanctioned Texas A&M event because of the deaths of 12 students in 1999). Hex Rally (sometimes Texas Hex) is a Pep rally at The University of Texas at Austin that occurs in the week prior to the annual football game Aggie Bonfire was a long-standing tradition at Texas A&M University as part of the College rivalry with the University of Texas at Austin.
Some fans and observers, however, argue that the Longhorns' biggest rival in football is the University of Oklahoma. University of Oklahoma, abbreviated OU, is a Coeducational public Research university located in the U  The football game between Texas and Oklahoma is known as the Red River Shootout and is held annually in Dallas, Texas, at the Cotton Bowl. Atmosphere There are three Red River Shootout trophies exchanged based on the outcome of the game The Cotton Bowl is a Stadium which opened in 1932 and became known as "The House that Doak Built" due to the immense crowds that former SMU running back Doak Walker In recent years, this rivalry has been particularly spirited, in part due to the fact that at least one school had been ranked in the top five nationally at the time of the game (from 2000-05).
Major sporting facilities and their main use include:
In addition, the university has numerous practice, training, and intramural facilities. Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium (formerly just Memorial Stadium and Texas Memorial Stadium) located in Austin Texas, is home to the University The Frank C Erwin Jr Special Events Center — usually just The Erwin Center in common usage — is a multi-purpose Arena on the Campus of UFCU Disch-Falk Field is the Baseball field of the University of Texas at Austin. Mike A Myers Stadium is the home of The University of Texas Longhorn track and field and soccer teams and also home to the USATF The Red and Charline McCombs Field is the current home of the University of Texas Longhorn Women's Softball team Gregory Gymnasium is the 4400-seat current home of the University of Texas Longhorn Women's Volleyball team and former home of the Longhorn Basketball The Lee and Joe Jamail Texas Swimming Center is an Aquatics facility at the University of Texas at Austin.
The university has a base of more than 450,000 living alumni and has produced leaders of science, art, media, business, law, engineering, and public policy, as well as athletics. A few household-name alumni include the following: