|University of St Andrews|
Latin: Universitas Sancti Andreae apud Scotus
(University of St Andrews amongst the Scots)
|Motto:||ΑΙΕΝ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΥΕΙΝ (AIEN ARISTEUEIN) (Greek: Ever To Be The Best)|
|Endowment:||£35. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly The date of establishment or date of founding of an Institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point A public university is a University that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government as opposed to private universities. A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested 2 million|
|Chancellor:||Sir Menzies Campbell|
|Principal:||Dr Brian Lang|
|Location:||St Andrews, Fife, Scotland|
|Colours:||University of St Andrews|
The University of St Andrews is the oldest university in Scotland and third oldest in the English-speaking world, having been founded between 1410 and 1413. A Chancellor is the head of a University. Other titles are sometimes used such as President or Rector. Sir Walter Menzies Campbell CBE QC (born 22 May 1941) commonly known as Ming Campbell, is a British Politician The word rector ("ruler" from the Latin regere and Rector meaning "Teacher" In Latin has a number of different meanings but all of them indicate an academic Simon Pepper, OBE, was Director of the World Wildlife Fund (Scotland from 1985 to 2005 and is the current Lord Rector of the University of St Andrews, The Principal is the Chief executive and the chief academic officer of a University or College in certain parts of the Commonwealth Brian Andrew Lang, FRSE, is Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of St Andrews. Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation Verb "studēre" In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. See also Postgraduate Training in Education Postgraduate education (synonymous in North America with graduate education, and sometimes described St Andrews (Cill Rìmhinn is a Town and former Royal burgh on the east coast of Fife, Scotland. Fife ( Gaelic: Fìobha) is a Council area of Scotland, situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. School colors are the Colors chosen by a School to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification St Mary's College of the University of St Andrews, in Fife, Scotland - in full the New College of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary The Bute Medical School is the school of medicine at the University of St Andrews in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. The United College (in full United College of St Salvator and St Leonard) is one of the two statutory Colleges of the University of St Andrews in The 1994 Group is a coalition of "smaller research-intensive universities " in the United Kingdom founded in 1994 to defend their interests A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages This is a list of the oldest extant universities in the world. A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. The English-speaking world consists of those countries or regions that use the English language to one degree or another The University is situated in the town of St Andrews, in Fife, on the east coast of Scotland. St Andrews (Cill Rìmhinn is a Town and former Royal burgh on the east coast of Fife, Scotland. Fife ( Gaelic: Fìobha) is a Council area of Scotland, situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland It is a renowned centre for teaching and research and is a member of the 1994 Group, a network of smaller research-intensive British universities. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Independent school intake is high, but the university has a widening participation policy. An independent school in the United Kingdom is a school relying upon private sources for all of its funding predominantly in the form of school fees The library and many university departments are spread around the town centre. The town's population of 16,000 is boosted considerably by the University's 8,000 students. The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation Verb "studēre" St Andrews is frequently listed among the top universities in the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Until 1967, a large part of the University of St Andrews was located in the nearby city of Dundee, separating to become the University of Dundee. Dundee (Dùn Dèagh is the fourth-largest city in Scotland and fully named as Dundee City, one of Scotland's 32 local government council The University of Dundee ( Gaelic: Oilthigh Dùn Deagh) is the older and arguably much more stuck-up and snobby of the two Universities in the city
The University was founded in 1410 when a charter of incorporation was bestowed upon the Augustinian priory of St Andrews Cathedral. The history of the University of St Andrews began with its foundation in 1410 when a Charter of incorporation was bestowed upon the Augustinian A charter is the grant of authority or rights stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430) are several Catholic Monastic orders and congregations A priory is a House of men or women under religious vows headed by a Prior or prioress A Papal Bull was issued in 1413 by the Avignon Pope Benedict XIII. A Papal bull is a particular type of Letters patent or charter issued by a Pope. The University grew in size quite rapidly; A pedagogy, St John's College was founded 1418-1430  by Robert of Montrose and Lawrence of Lindores, St Salvator's College was established in 1450, St Leonard's College in 1511, and St Mary's College in 1537. St Salvator's College of the University of St Andrews was founded in 1450 by Bishop James Kennedy on North Street St Andrews St Leonard's College of the University of St Andrews (originally the College of Poor Clerks of the Church of St Andrews was founded in 1511 by Alexander Stewart St Mary's College of the University of St Andrews, in Fife, Scotland - in full the New College of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary St Mary's College was a refoundation of St Johns College and earlier pedagogy. Some of these early college buildings are in use today date from this period such as St Salvator's Chapel and St Leonards College chapel and St Mary's College qudarangle. St Salvator's Chapel (formally The Chapel of St Salvator) is one of two chapels belonging to the University of St Andrews, the other being St Leonard's Chapel At this time, much of the teaching was of a religious nature and was conducted by clerics associated with the cathedral. A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos A cleric ( Ancient Greek κληρικός - klērikos clergyman (pl This article is about the history and organisation of the cathedral
From the 17th to 19th centuries, the university underwent many changes. As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 17th Century was that Century which lasted from 1601 - 1700 in the Gregorian calendar The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar The distinctive red gowns, which are still in use today, were adopted in 1672. Toward the end of the seventeenth century, the university considered and eventually rejected a move to Perth. Perth (Peairt is a town and former Royal burgh in central Scotland. In 1747, St Salvator's and St Leonards's merged to form the United College of St Salvator and St Leonard. Year 1747 ( MDCCXLVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a St Salvator's College of the University of St Andrews was founded in 1450 by Bishop James Kennedy on North Street St Andrews St Leonard's College of the University of St Andrews (originally the College of Poor Clerks of the Church of St Andrews was founded in 1511 by Alexander Stewart The United College (in full United College of St Salvator and St Leonard) is one of the two statutory Colleges of the University of St Andrews in
During the 19th century, student numbers were very low, in the 1870s, the student population was fewer than 150, and perhaps partly in response to this, the university founded University College in Dundee in 1897, which became a centre of medical, scientific and legal excellence. Events and Trends Technology The invention of the prototype telephone by Alexander G Dundee (Dùn Dèagh is the fourth-largest city in Scotland and fully named as Dundee City, one of Scotland's 32 local government council Year 1897 ( MDCCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common This affiliation ended in 1967 when the college, renamed Queen's College, became a separate and independent institution of the University of Dundee. Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. The University of Dundee ( Gaelic: Oilthigh Dùn Deagh) is the older and arguably much more stuck-up and snobby of the two Universities in the city The loss of teaching facilities for clinical medicine caused the university's Bute Medical School to form a new attachment with the University of Manchester, which was then expanding its clinical medicine intake. The Bute Medical School is the school of medicine at the University of St Andrews in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. The University of Manchester is a " red brick " civic University located in Manchester, England.
St Andrews is frequently listed among the top ten universities in the United Kingdom, and often in the top 5, as well as first in Scotland. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
|Times Good University Guide||5th|
|Guardian University Guide||5th||4th|
|Sunday Times University Guide||6th|
The independent IpsosMORI National Student Survey 2006 commissioned by HEFCE placed it third among the UK universities. The National Student Survey is a survey launched in 2005 of all final year degree students at institutions in England Wales and Northern Ireland The Higher Education Funding Council for England ( HEFCE) is a Non-departmental public body of the Department for Innovation Universities and Skills (previously  It has achieved the most consistently high ratings in research assessment exercises with no subjects receiving a rating lower than 4 on a grading scale 1-5*, where 5* denotes outstanding international research. The departments of English and Psychology have received a 5* in the latest exercise, and 72% of staff across the university received a 5 or 5* rating.  The Philosophical Gourmet report ranks St Andrews' graduate philosophy programme as third in the UK, and the joint programme with Stirling University is ranked second in the UK and joint 13th in the world. The Philosophical Gourmet Report (also known as the Leiter Report) edited by Philosophy and Law professor Brian Leiter &mdash in response to the Gourman The University of Stirling founded in 1967 in Stirling, Scotland. 
Nearly eight in ten graduates obtain a First Class or an Upper Second Class Honours degree. A similar proportion enter further employment requiring a respected degree or obtaining placements for further postgraduate research. The ancient Scottish universities award Master of Arts degrees (except for science students who are awarded a Bachelor of Science degree) which are classified upon graduation, in contrast to Oxbridge where one becomes a Master of Arts after a certain number of years, and the rest of the UK, where graduates are awarded BAs. Oxbridge was originally a fictional composite of the University of '''Ox'''ford and the University of Cam'''bridge''' in England, and the term is now
Entry to the University is highly competitive; the latest UCAS figures show that there are generally twelve applications for every place available, and the University has not entered Clearing since 2003. The standard offer of a place tends to require at a minimum AAABB at Scottish Highers for Scottish applicants, AAB at GCE A Levels for English, Welsh and Northern Irish candidates, or a score of at least 36 points on the International Baccalaureate. They have a noted preference for candidates who already have these qualification, something that implicitly gives preference to Scottish applicants as they will have normally completed the Scottish Highers at the time of application, whereas other applicants, such as those studying in England, are still in the process of attaining their final secondary qualifications.
Raisin Weekend is the highlight of the social calendar at the University. Held annually over the last weekend of November, first years are entertained by their academic parents, normally consisting of a tea party thrown by the mothers and then a tour of pubs conducted by the fathers. This culminates in a foam fight on the Monday morning in St Salvator's Quad.
Situated around the town of St Andrews are cobblestone markings denoting where Protestant martyrs were burnt at the stake. St Andrews (Cill Rìmhinn is a Town and former Royal burgh on the east coast of Fife, Scotland. To students, the most notable of these is the cobblestone initials "PH" located outside the main gate of St Salvators College. These cobblestones denote where Patrick Hamilton was martyred in 1528. Patrick Hamilton ( 1504 - February 29, 1528) was a Scottish churchman and an early Protestant Reformer in Scotland According to student tradition, stepping on the "PH" will cause a student to become cursed, with the effect that the offender will fail his or her degree and so students are known to jump over the cobblestones when passing.
The May Dip is a student tradition held annually at dawn on May Day. Students stay awake until dawn, at which time they collectively run into the North Sea. The May Dip is also traditionally the only way of removing the curse inflicted by stepping on the PH cobbles.
As with the other Ancient universities of Scotland, governance is determined by the Universities (Scotland) Act 1858. The governance of the University of St Andrews is laid down in a series of Acts of Parliament (the Universities (Scotland Acts enacted between 1858 and 1966 Ancient university is a term used to describe the medieval and renaissance universities of England, Scotland and Ireland that have The ancient university governance structure in Scotland is the organisational system imposed by the Universities (Scotland Acts, a series of Acts of Parliament This Act created three bodies: the General Council, University Court and Academic Senate (Senatus Academicus). The General Council of an ancient university in Scotland is the corporate body of all graduates and senior Academics of each University A University Court is an administrative body of a University in the United Kingdom. An Academic Senate is a governing body in some Universities and Colleges in the English-speaking world and typically the supreme academic authority for
The General Council is a standing advisory body of all the graduates, academics and former academics of the University. The General Council of the University of St Andrews is the Corporate body of all graduates and senior Academics of the University of St Andrews It meets twice a year and appoints a Business Committee to transact business between these meetings. Its most important functions are to appoint two Assessors to the University Court and elect the University Chancellor. A University Court is an administrative body of a University in the United Kingdom. The Chancellor is the titular head of the University of St Andrews.
The University Court is the body responsible for administrative and financial matters, and is in effect the governing body of the University. A University Court is an administrative body of a University in the United Kingdom. It is chaired by the Rector, who is elected by all the matriculated students of the University. The word rector ("ruler" from the Latin regere and Rector meaning "Teacher" In Latin has a number of different meanings but all of them indicate an academic Members are appointed by the General Council, Academic Senate and Fife Council. An Academic Senate is a governing body in some Universities and Colleges in the English-speaking world and typically the supreme academic authority for Fife ( Gaelic: Fìobha) is a Council area of Scotland, situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland The President of the Students' Representative Council and Director of Representation are ex officio members of the Court. A Students' Representative Council represents student interests in the government of a University, School or other educational institution Several lay members are also co-opted and must include a fixed number of alumni of the University.
The Academic Senate (Latin Senatus Academicus) is the supreme academic body for the University. An Academic Senate is a governing body in some Universities and Colleges in the English-speaking world and typically the supreme academic authority for Its members include all of the Professors of the University, certain senior Readers, a number of Senior Lecturers and Lecturers and three elected student Senate Representatives - one from the Arts / Divinity faculty, one from the Science / Medicine faculty and one postgraduate student. The meaning of the word professor ( Latin: professor, person who professes to be an expert in some art or science teacher of highest rank) varies In the academic hierarchy in the United Kingdom and some universities in Australia and New Zealand, reader is the rank between Senior lecturer Lecturer is a term of Academic rank. In the United Kingdom lecturer is the name given to University Teachers in their first permanent Lecturer is a term of Academic rank. In the United Kingdom lecturer is the name given to University Teachers in their first permanent It is responsible for authorising degree programmes and issuing all degrees to graduates. Another function of the Senate is to discipline students. The President of the Senate is the University Principal. President is a Title leaders of Organizations companies, Trade unions universities, and countries. The Principal is the Chief executive and the chief academic officer of a University or College in certain parts of the Commonwealth
The University is divided into four academic Faculties:
Each is governed by a Faculty Council and administered by a Dean. A faculty is a division within a University. The concept of a university with different faculties for different subjects dates back to Al-Azhar University, which had The humanities are academic disciplines which study the Human condition, using methods that are primarily Analytic, Critical, or Speculative Divinity is the study of Christian and other Theology and Religious ministry at a School, Divinity school, University Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the Science (from the Latin scientia, meaning " Knowledge " or "knowing" is the effort to discover, and increase human understanding In Academic administration, a dean is a person with significant authority over a specific academic unit or over a specific area of concern or both Students apply to become members of a particular faculty, as opposed to any particular school or department.
Academic Year 2005/2006 :
The Principal is the chief executive of the University and is assisted in that role by several key officers. The Principal is the Chief executive and the chief academic officer of a University or College in certain parts of the Commonwealth A chief executive officer ( CEO) or chief executive is typically the highest-ranking corporate officer ( executive) or administrator
The current composition of the Office of the Principal is:
The Deans are academics appointed by the Master of the United College to oversee the day to day runnings of each faculty. Brian Andrew Lang, FRSE, is Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of St Andrews. The Master of the United College is a senior Academic at the University of St Andrews in St Andrews, Scotland who is charged with carrying out A secretary is either an administrative assistant in business office administration, or a certain type of mid- or high-level governmental position such as a In education outside the United Kingdom a registrar or Registrary is an official in an academic institution (a College, University, or The Quaestor at the University of St Andrews is a senior executive, member of the University Court and is responsible for the Finances of In Scotland a Factor (or Property manager) is a person or firm charged with superintending or managing properties and estates -- sometimes where the owner or landlord They were once elected by their constituents but this was changed to appointment in 2005
The current Deans are:
St Andrews is characterised amongst Scottish Universities as having a significant number of students in University operated accommodation. Approximately half of the overall student population live 'in Hall'. All are now co-educational and non-smoking. Residences include:
In addition to the residences listed above, the University formerly also had the following residences:
See also Category:Alumni of the University of St Andrews
In Scotland, the position of Rector exists in the four ancient universities (St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh) - as well as in the University of Dundee. John Knox (c 1510 – 24 November 1572 was a Scottish clergyman and leader of the Protestant Reformation who is considered the founder of the Presbyterian James II of Scotland ( October 16 1430, at Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh &ndash August 3 1460) reigned as King of Scots Sir James Whyte Black, OM, FRS, FRSE, FRCP (born 14 July 1924) is a Scottish doctor and pharmacologist The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin is awarded once a year by the Swedish Karolinska Institute. James Gregory (November 1638 &ndash October 1675 was a Scottish Mathematician and Astronomer. Sir Walter Norman Haworth ( March 19, 1883, Chorley, Lancashire &ndash March 19, 1950, Barnt Green, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of Chemistry. Operation Julie was a UK police operation investigating the production of LSD by two drug rings in the mid-1970s Alan Graham MacDiarmid ONZ ( April 14 1927 - February 7 2007) was a chemist and one of three recipients of the Nobel Prize The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of Chemistry. For other people with the same name see John Napier (disambiguation. Edward Jenner, FRS, ( May 17 1749 – January 26 1823) was an English scientist who studied his natural surroundings in Berkeley Alexander Berry (30 November 1781- 17 September 1873 was a Scottish born surgeon, Merchant and explorer who in 1822 was given a Land grant For James Crichton the recipient of the Victoria Cross, see James Crichton (VC James Crichton, known as the Admirable John Honey (1781-1813 became famous as a nineteen-year-old student of the University of St Andrews. Christopher "Chris" Hoy MBE (born 23 March 1976 in Edinburgh) is a track cyclist representing Great Britain and Scotland Russell Kirk ( 19 October 1918 &ndash 29 April[[ 994]] was an American Political theorist, Historian, Social Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favour Tradition, where tradition refers to various religious cultural or nationally defined The post (officially Lord Rector, but by normal use Rector alone) was made an integral part of these universities by the Universities (Scotland) Act 1889. The Rector chairs meetings of the University Court, the governing body of the university, and is elected at regular intervals by their matriculated student bodies. This role is considered by many students to be integral to their ability to shape the universities' agendas.
see Rector of University of St Andrews for a more detailed list
The University has a strong link with the United States. Charles Neaves (1800–1876 also known as Lord Neaves, was a Scottish Theologian, Judge and writer Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective JURIST is an online legal news service hosted by the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, written by founder Professor Bernard Hibbitts and a staff of more than eVolution is the third Album by eLDee, it was due to be released in 2008 John Marwood Cleese (ˈkliːz born 27 October, 1939) is a British Actor, Comedian, Writer, Film producer Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936 was an English Author and poet The Nobel Prize (Nobelpriset (Nobelprisen is a Swedish prize established in the 1895 will of Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel; it was first awarded in Peace, Literature Andrew Carnegie (properly kɑrˈneɪgi but commonly /ˈkɑrnɨgi/ or /kɑrˈnɛgi/ (25 November 1835 – 11 August 1919 was a Scottish -born American Industrialist John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 &ndash 8 May 1873 British Philosopher, political economist, civil servant and Member of Parliament, was an influential Field Marshal Douglas Haig 1st Earl Haig, KT, GCB, OM, GCVO, Sir James Matthew Barrie 1st Baronet OM ( 9 May, 1860 &ndash 19 June, 1937) more commonly known as J Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (October 10 1861 – May 13 1930 was a Norwegian Explorer, Scientist and Diplomat. The Nobel Peace Prize ( Swedish, Danish and Nobels fredspris is one of five Nobel Prizes Bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor The Lord Rector of the University of St Andrews is chosen every three years by the students of the University of St Andrews. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Significant numbers of students matriculate from the United States. Many important American figures (and emigrants to the United States) from Scotland have been associated with the university:
Wilson attended three Scottish Universities including St Andrews, but did not earn a degree from any of them. Year 1776 ( MDCCLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The United States Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4 1776 announcing that the thirteen American colonies then James Wilson ( September 14, 1742 August 21, 1798) was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, twice elected to the Continental Cupar is a town and former Royal burgh in Fife, Scotland. The town is approximately equidistant between the larger settlements of Dundee Carrying important letters of introduction, Wilson arrived in America in 1765. He became a Latin tutor at Philadelphia College (now the University of Pennsylvania), and successfully petitioned that institution to grant him an honorary Master of Arts. The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Witherspoon had an impressive list of credentials and was a significant public figure. John Witherspoon ( February 15, 1723 &ndash November 15, 1794) was a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence Gifford (ˈgɪfəd is a village in the parish of Yester in East Lothian, Scotland. He was president of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University). Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. Witherspoon was largely responsible for converting the institution into a success by employing Scottish educational standards. He received his Master of Arts, Bachelor of Divinity, and was made a Doctor of Divinity at the University of St Andrews. A Master of Arts in Scotland is an academic degree in Humanities and Social sciences awarded by the Ancient universities of Scotland – In Western universities a Bachelor of Divinity (BD or BDiv is usually an Undergraduate Academic degree awarded for a course taken in the study of His direct descendants may include the Academy Award winning actress Reese Witherspoon, who attended the private all-girl's Harpeth Hall School and Stanford University as a literature major. Laura Jeanne Reese Witherspoon (born March 22 1976 is an Academy Award winning American actress and Film producer, who has established herself as Harpeth Hall School is a private school for girls grades 5-12 in Nashville Tennessee. Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University or simply Stanford, is a private Research university located in
In 1759 Franklin Received an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from the University of St Andrews. Benjamin Franklin ( April 17 1790 was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America.
Emory University in Atlanta runs an exchange programme with St Andrews called the Bobby Jones Scholars programme, which allows for recent graduates of both universities to study at the other university. Emory University is a Private university located in the metropolitan area of the city of Atlanta and in western unincorporated DeKalb County, Robert Tyre "Bobby" Jones Jr (March 17 1902 &ndash December 18 1971 was one of the greatest Golfers to compete on a national and international level In addition, the School of Physics and Astronomy maintains a postgraduate exchange with The Georgia Institute of Technology. The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, or Tech, is a public, Coeducational Research university in Both of these exchanges are funded by the Robert T. Jones Memorial Trust. The Robert Lincoln McNeil Scholarship is run in conjunction with the University of Pennsylvania
Students and staff at the University are able to wear a variety of different scarves depending on whether they are an undergraduate, post-graduate or members of either the Faculty of Medicine (The Bute Medical School) or St Mary's College. The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Uses and types In cold climates a thick Knitted scarf often of Wool, is tied around the Neck to keep warm
University of St Andrews
The University of St Andrews Students' Association is the organisation which represents the student body of the University of St Andrews. A students' union, student government, student senate, students' association, or guild of students is a Student Organization The Association was instituted in 1983 under the Constitution and Laws of the University of St Andrews Students’ Association.  It comprises the Students' Representative Council (SRC), established in 1885 and legally defined under the Universities (Scotland) Act 1889 , and the Students' Union (which was itself a merger of the Students' Union and the Women's Union). A Students' Representative Council represents student interests in the government of a University, School or other educational institution Year 1885 ( MDCCCLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The ancient university governance structure in Scotland is the organisational system imposed by the Universities (Scotland Acts, a series of Acts of Parliament The Students' Association is registered with the Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator as charity SCO19883
The Students' Association Building (colloquially known as the Union) is located on St Mary's Place, St Andrews. The Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR is a Non-ministerial department of the Scottish Government, with responsibility for the regulation of charities St Andrews (Cill Rìmhinn is a Town and former Royal burgh on the east coast of Fife, Scotland. External bodies operating in the building include a Blackwells bookshop and the University's Student Support Services. The Students' Association is affiliated to, and indeed a founding member of, the Coalition of Higher Education Students in Scotland (CHESS) and is not a member of the National Union of Students. The Coalition of Higher Education Students in Scotland (known as CHESS) is a body representative of students in Scotland founded in 2001 by the Students' The National Union of Students ( NUS) is the main confederation of Students' unions that exist inside the United Kingdom.
The Students' Association receives a maintenance grant from the University, which stood at £159,000 GBP for the academic year 2004-2005. The Pound Sterling ( symbol £; ISO code: GBP) subdivided into 100 pence (singular penny) is the Currency 
The Students' Association is headed up by four sabbatical officers. Currently they are Tom d'Ardenne (Association President), Steve Savage (Director of Representation), Rich Robinson (Director of Events and Services) and Jenny Mackay (Director of Student Development and Activities).
From 1st July 2008, the new sabbatical officers will be Andrew Keenan (Association President), James Shield (Director of Representation), Stacy Lee (Director of Events and Services) and Philippa Dunn (Director of Student Development and Activities).
Students at the university form various voluntary societies for academic, social, political, religious and other reasons. Many of these are affiliated with the Students' Association; notable affiliated societies are the Bute Medical Society, University of St Andrews Union Debating Society and the Shinty Club. The Bute Medical Society (BMS of the Bute Medical School, University of St Andrews, Scotland, was founded in 1915 by its first president Margaret The University of St Andrews Union Debating Society is a student debating society at the University of St Andrews in Scotland and the oldest in the United Kingdom Shinty teams which play University Shinty are clubs which play under the banner of a university Other groups are not affiliated to the University or the Students Association, and therefore not a part of the University structure. Notable independent student groups include the Kate Kennedy Club. There are a number of unaffiliated groups run by students in St Andrews Independent media Newspapers The Saint, published fortnightly is the The Kate Kennedy Club is a historical Club from the University of St Andrews.