|The University of Michigan|
|Motto:||Artes, Scientia, Veritas ("Arts, Knowledge, Truth")|
|Endowment:||US $7. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group The date of establishment or date of founding of an Institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point Flagship university refers to the leading comprehensive public research university or universities in a given U A public university is a University that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government as opposed to private universities. The sea grant colleges are a group of 30 US universities that are involved in the National Sea Grant College Program. The space-grant colleges compose a network of 52 consortia, based at universities across the United States, for Space -related research A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been 1 billion|
|President:||Mary Sue Coleman|
|Location:||Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.|
|Campus:||3,176 acres (12. University president is the title of the highest ranking officer within a University, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as Mary Sue Coleman (born October 2, 1943 in Kentucky is the current president of the University of Michigan, having served since 2002 A faculty is a division within a University. The concept of a university with different faculties for different subjects dates back to Al-Azhar University, which had The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation Verb "studēre" In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. See also Postgraduate Training in Education Postgraduate education (synonymous in North America with graduate education, and sometimes described Ann Arbor is a city in the US state of Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County. Michigan ( is a Midwestern state of the United States of America. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The acre is a unit of Area in a number of different systems including the imperial and U 85 km²)|
Total: 20,965 acres (84. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 84 km²), including arboretum
|Colors:||Maize and Blue|
|Nickname:||U of M, Michigan, Wolverines|
The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, U-M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan. The Michigan Wolverines comprise 24 varsity sports teams at the University of Michigan which compete in the NCAA 's Division I and in the Big Ten School colors are the Colors chosen by a School to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification Corn, also called maize, is a color that resembles the color of corn (the name used for the Grain Maize in the Americas) Sapphire is a saturated shade of Blue, referring to the gem of the same name. The athletic nickname, or equivalently athletic moniker, of a University or College within the United States is the name officially adopted by A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages Mixed-sex education, (or just Mixed education) also known as Coeducation, is the integrated education to males and females at the same school facilities A public university is a University that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government as opposed to private universities. A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects Michigan ( is a Midwestern state of the United States of America.
The university was founded in 1817 in Detroit, about 20 years before the territory of Michigan officially became a state, and moved to Ann Arbor in 1837. Ann Arbor is a city in the US state of Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County. Today, it is the state's oldest university and the flagship campus; there are two satellite campuses — the University of Michigan-Flint and the University of Michigan-Dearborn. The University of Michigan-Flint, located in Flint Michigan, USA, is one of three campuses in the University of Michigan system The University of Michigan-Dearborn, located in Dearborn Michigan, USA, is a coeducational nationally ranked masters-level public university which is part of the
The university is internationally renowned for its academics. In its last published survey in 1995, the National Research Council ranked UM third in the United States in a study that aggregated evaluations of 41 graduate disciplines and is considered as one of the original eight Public Ivys. The United States National Research Council puts out a ranking of United States graduate programs about every 10 years although the time elapsed between each new ranking has exceeded 10 years Public Ivy is a term coined by Richard Moll in his 1985 book Public Ivys A Guide to America's best public undergraduate colleges and universities to refer to universities which  The university also has one of the largest research expenditures of any American university and one of the largest number of living alumni, at 420,000.  UM owns one of the most well-regarded academic medical centers in the United States, the University of Michigan Health System. The University of Michigan Health System (UMHS is the wholly-owned academic medical center of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.  The university is also recognized for its history of student activism and its athletic teams, notably in football, men's basketball, and ice hockey. Student activism is work done by students to effect political environmental economic or social change College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, Colleges and military academies College basketball most often refers to the American Basketball competitive governance structure established by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA Ice hockey, often referred to simply as hockey, is a team Sport played on Ice.
Despite being a public institution, the University of Michigan is known for its high student fees; in 2007, tuition for out-of-state students was the most expensive in the country.  The university has also been at the center of a national controversy involving the use of affirmative action in admissions. Affirmative action in the United States is intended to promote access to education employment or housing among certain designated groups (typically Minorities and Women Though the university successfully affirmed before the U.S. Supreme Court that consideration of race as a factor in admissions to universities was constitutional for the holistic Law School admissions process in 2003, the Supreme Court also expressed an opinion on the degree to which race could be used by striking down the policy for undergraduate admissions in a separate court case. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. Constitutionality is the status of a law, a procedure or an act's accordance with the laws or guidelines set forth in the applicable Constitution. The former policy automatically awarded 20 points to underrepresented minority applicants in its points-based system.  Michigan voters responded by approving restrictions on affirmative action in public universities and governmental hiring in November 2006, forcing the university to cease using race and gender as criteria for admissions. The Michigan Civil Rights Initiative ( MCRI) or Proposal 2 (Michigan 06-2 was a Ballot initiative in the U 
The University of Michigan, was established in Detroit in 1817 as the Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania, by the governor and judges of Michigan Territory. The history of the University of Michigan (UM began with its establishment in 1817 as the Catholepistemiad or University of Michigania Michigan Territory was an Organized territory of the United States in the early 19th century between June 30, 1805 and January 26 Ann Arbor had set aside 40 acres (16 ha) that it hoped would become the site for a new state capitol, but it offered this land to the university when Lansing was chosen as the state capital. The university moved to Ann Arbor in 1837. The original 40 acres became part of the current Central Campus. The first classes in Ann Arbor were held in 1841, with six freshmen and a sophomore, taught by two professors. Eleven students graduated in the first commencement in 1845. By 1866, enrollment increased to 1,205 students, many of whom were Civil War veterans. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Women were first admitted in 1870, making UM the first major university to do so (and the third college overall, after Oberlin College in 1833 and Lawrence University in 1847). Oberlin College is a private Liberal arts college in Oberlin Ohio. Lawrence University is a private liberal arts college located in Appleton, Wisconsin. James B. Angell, who served as the university's president from 1871 to 1909, aggressively expanded UM's curriculum to include professional studies in dentistry, architecture, engineering, government, and medicine. Dentistry' is the "evaluation diagnosis prevention and/or treatment (nonsurgical surgical or related procedures of diseases disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity The term architecture (from Greek αρχιτεκτονικήarchitektoniki) can be used to mean a process a profession or documentation Engineering is the Discipline and Profession of applying technical and scientific Knowledge and For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the UM also became the first American university to use the seminar method of study. Seminar is generally a form of Academic instruction either at a University or offered by a commercial or professional organization 
From 1900 to 1920 many new facilities were constructed on campus, including facilities for the dental and pharmacy programs, a chemistry building, a building for the natural sciences, Hill Auditorium, large hospital and library complexes, and two residence halls. Hill Auditorium is the largest performance venue on the University of Michigan campus in Ann Arbor in the United States The university fortified its reputation for research in 1920 by reorganizing the College of Engineering and forming an advisory committee of 100 industrialists to guide academic research initiatives. The University of Michigan College of Engineering is the Engineering unit of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. UM's reputation as an elite national university also began to grow at this time. The university became a favorite alternative choice for Jewish students from New York in the 1920s and 1930s when the Ivy League schools were applying a quota to the number of Jews to be admitted. The Ivy League is an Athletic conference comprising eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States.  As a result, UM gained the nickname "Harvard of the West," which became commonly parodied in reverse after John F. Kennedy referred to himself as "a graduate of the Michigan of the East, Harvard University" in his speech proposing the formation of the Peace Corps. John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29 1917&ndashNovember 22 1963 often referred to by his initials JFK, was the thirty-fifth President of The Peace Corps is an independent United States federal agency. 
During World War II, UM's research grew to include U.S. Navy projects such as proximity fuzes, PT boats, and radar jamming. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including A proximity fuze (also called a VT fuze for "variable time" is a fuze that is designed to detonate an explosive device automatically when the distance PT Boats were a variety of motor Torpedo boat ( Hull classification symbol "PT" for "Patrol Torpedo" a small fast vessel used by the Radar jamming and deception is the intentional emission of Radio Frequency signals to interfere with the operation of a radar by saturating its receiver By 1950, enrollment had reached 21,000, of whom 7,700 were veterans supported by the G.I. Bill. The GI Bill (officially titled Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 PL346 58 Statutes at Large 284 provided for college or vocational education for returning As the Cold War and the Space Race took hold, UM became a major recipient of government grants for strategic research and helped to develop peacetime uses for nuclear energy. Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the The Space Race was a competition of space exploration between the Soviet Union and the United States, which lasted roughly from 1957 to 1975 Nuclear Energy is released by the splitting (fission or merging together (fusion of the nuclei of Atom (s At present, much of that work, as well as research into alternative energy sources, is pursued via the Memorial Phoenix Project. 
On October 14, 1960, Presidential candidate John F. Events 1066 - Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings - In England on Senlac Hill seven miles from Hastings, the forces Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Kennedy proposed the concept of what became the Peace Corps on the steps of Michigan Union. The Peace Corps is an independent United States federal agency.  Lyndon B. Johnson's speech outlining his Great Society program also occurred at UM. The Great Society was also a 1960s band featuring Grace Slick, and a 1914 book by English social theorist Graham Wallas.  Also during the 1960s, UM saw many protests by student groups. On March 24, 1965, a group of UM faculty members and 3,000 students held the nation's first ever faculty-led "teach-in" to protest against American policy in Southeast Asia. Events 1401 - Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus. 1603 - James VI of Scotland Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar.  In response to a series of sit-ins in 1966 by Voice–the campus political party of Students for a Democratic Society–UM's administration banned sit-ins. A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more persons nonviolently occupying an area for a Protest, often to promote political social This stimulated 1,500 students to conduct a further one-hour sit-in in the LSA Building, which then housed administrative offices. Former UM student and noted architect Alden B. Dow designed the current Fleming Administration Building, which was completed in 1968. Alden B Dow ( April 10 1904, Midland Michigan – August 20 1983) was an American Architect; he was the son of Herbert The building's plans were drawn in the early 1960s, before student activism prompted a concern for safety. Nevertheless, the Fleming Building's narrow windows, all located above the first floor, and fortress-like exterior led to a campus rumor that it was designed to be riot-proof. Dow denied those rumors, claiming the small windows were designed to be energy efficient. 
During the 1970s, severe budget constraints challenged the university's physical development; however, the 1980s saw a surge in funds devoted to research in the social and physical sciences. Meanwhile, the university's involvement in the anti-missile Strategic Defense Initiative and investments in South Africa caused controversy on campus. The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI was a proposal by US President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983 to use ground and space-based systems to protect The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa During the 1980s and 1990s, the university devoted substantial resources to renovating its massive hospital complex and improving the academic facilities on the North Campus. The university also emphasized the development of computer and information technology throughout the campus.
In the early 2000s, UM also faced declining state funding due to state budget shortfalls. At the same time, the university attempted to maintain its high academic standing while keeping tuition costs affordable. Tuition means instruction or teaching. In American English, the term tuition is often used to refer to a fee charged for educational instruction There were also disputes between UM's administration and labor unions, notably with the Lecturers' Employees Organization (LEO) and the Graduate Employees Organization (GEO), the union representing graduate student employees. These conflicts led to a series of one-day walkouts by the unions and their supporters. 
In 2003, two lawsuits involving UM's affirmative action admissions policy reached the U.S. Supreme Court (Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger). Affirmative action in the United States is intended to promote access to education employment or housing among certain designated groups (typically Minorities and Women The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. Grutter v Bollinger, 539 US 306 (2003 is a case in which the United States Supreme Court upheld the Affirmative action Gratz v Bollinger, 539 US 244 ( 2003) was a United States Supreme Court case regarding the University of Michigan President George W. Bush took the unusual step of publicly opposing the policy before the court issued a ruling. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. The court found that race may be considered as a factor in university admissions in all public universities and private universities that accept federal funding. However, a point system was ruled as being unconstitutional. In the first case, the court upheld the Law School admissions policy, while in the second it ruled against the university's undergraduate admissions policy. The University of Michigan Law School ( Michigan Law) is the Law school of the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor. The debate still continues, however, because in November 2006 Michigan voters passed proposal 2, banning most affirmative action in university admissions. The Michigan Civil Rights Initiative ( MCRI) or Proposal 2 (Michigan 06-2 was a Ballot initiative in the U Under that law race, gender, and national origin can no longer be considered in admissions.  UM and other organizations were granted a stay from implementation of the passed proposal soon after that election, and this has allowed time for proponents of affirmative action to decide legal and constitutional options in response to the election results. The university has stated it plans to continue to challenge the ruling; in the meantime, the admissions office states that it will attempt to achieve a diverse student body by looking at other factors such as whether the student attended a disadvantaged school, and the level of education of the student's parents. 
The August 1, 2006, publication of The Advocate College Guide for LGBT Students highlighted the University of Michigan as one of the 20 best campuses for LGBT students. Events 30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Advocate ( is a US -based LGBT -related biweekly Newsmagazine. LGBT (also GLBT) is an initialism referring collectively to Lesbian, Gay, bisexual, and Transgender / transsexual  The guide acknowledged colleges and universities across the United States for making strides toward the advancement and integration of LGBT individuals via a wide variety of student support groups, resources, events, policies, and other efforts to create for them an overall exceptional educational climate.
The university has 26,083 undergraduate and 14,959 graduate students  in 600 academic programs, and each year about 5,400 new students are enrolled. In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. See also Postgraduate Training in Education Postgraduate education (synonymous in North America with graduate education, and sometimes described Students come from all 50 U.S. states and more than 100 countries. A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government  98% of the university's incoming class of 2006 earned a high school GPA of 3. 0 and higher, while the middle 50% of the incoming class earned a high school GPA of 3. 60 to 3. 90.  The middle 50% of applicants reported an SAT score of about 1920–2180 and an ACT score of 27–31, with AP credit granted to over 3000 freshmen students. The SAT Reasoning Test (formerly Scholastic Aptitude Test and Scholastic Assessment Test) is a standardized test for College admissions in the The ACT is a standardized achievement Examination for college admissions in the United States produced by ACT Inc The Advanced Placement Program is a program that offers college level courses at High schools across the United States and Canada.  About 22% of newly-enrolled undergraduates and 25% of all undergraduates are members of ethnic minority groups. 
About 65% of undergraduate students are enrolled in the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts (LS&A), while the College of Engineering has about 20%. The University of Michigan College of Literature Science and the Arts, also known as the College of LS&A (or simply LS&A is the Liberal arts and sciences unit of The University of Michigan College of Engineering is the Engineering unit of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Fewer than 3% of undergraduate students are enrolled in the Ross School of Business. The Ross School of Business (previously known as the University of Michigan Business School) is the business school of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor The rest of the undergraduate students are enrolled in the smaller schools, including the School of Kinesiology, School of Nursing, the School of Natural Resources and Environment, and the School of Art and Design. Overview The School of Natural Resources and Environment (SNRE was originally founded as the School of Forestry in 1927  Most graduate students are enrolled in the Rackham Graduate School, the College of Engineering, the Law School, the Ross School of Business, and the Medical School. The University of Michigan College of Engineering is the Engineering unit of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The University of Michigan Law School ( Michigan Law) is the Law school of the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor. The Ross School of Business (previously known as the University of Michigan Business School) is the business school of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor The University of Michigan Health System (UMHS is the wholly-owned academic medical center of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The Medical School is partnered with the University of Michigan Health System, which comprises the University's three hospitals, dozens of outpatient clinics, and many centers for medical care, research, and education. The University of Michigan Health System (UMHS is the wholly-owned academic medical center of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Other academic units include the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning and the Schools of Dentistry, Education, Information, Music, Theatre & Dance, Natural Resources and Environment, Public Health, and Social Work, of which Social Work has been ranked first by the U. The Gerald R Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan, often referred to as the Ford School, is a leading Public policy school in the The A Alfred Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning (also Taubman College or TCAUP) is an internationally-renowned undergraduate and graduate institution The University of Michigan School of Education is the education school of the University of Michigan Ann Arbor and is located in Ann Arbor MI (the University The School of Information (SI or iSchool at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor is a graduate school offering both a Master of Science in Information The University of Michigan School of Music Theatre & Dance is an undergraduate and graduate institution for the Performing arts in the United States. Overview The School of Natural Resources and Environment (SNRE was originally founded as the School of Forestry in 1927 The University of Michigan School of Public Health is one of the professional Graduate schools of the University of Michigan. S. News and World Report every year since 1994. 
There are over 6,200 faculty members, 73 of whom are members of the National Academy, and 451 of whom hold an endowed chair in their discipline. The United States National Academies comprises four organizations the United States National Academy of Sciences (NAS the United States National Academy of Engineering  The university routinely has led in the number of Fulbright Scholars in the late 1990s and 2000s, and has also matriculated 25 Rhodes Scholars. The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright-Hays Program, is a program of grants for international educational exchange for scholars educators graduate Rhodes Scholarship Rhodes scholar redirects here Rhodes Scholar redirects here Rhodes scholars 
In one recent rankings summary, more than 70% of UM's 200 major programs, departments, and schools were ranked in the top 10 in the nation.  The 2008 U.S. News and World Report ranks UM 25th among all American universities and 3rd among public universities. USNews & World Report is an influential weekly American Newsmagazine published in Washington D A public university is a University that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government as opposed to private universities.  In its 2007 annual college rankings, The Washington Monthly ranks UM sixth nationally with criteria based on research, community service, and social mobility. The Washington Monthly is a monthly Magazine of United States Politics and Government that is based in Washington D  Newsweek International rates UM 11th globally based on "openness and diversity" as well as "distinction in research". Newsweek is an American weekly Newsmagazine published in New York City.  Similarly, the 2007 edition of the Fiske Rankings rates UM with "5 Stars"—reserved for only those universities of the highest academic quality. Furthermore, UM's academic reputation has led to its inclusion on Richard Moll's list of Public Ivies. Public Ivy is a term coined by Richard Moll in his 1985 book Public Ivys A Guide to America's best public undergraduate colleges and universities to refer to universities which 
A concern about academics at UM is the high level of educational expenses for a public institution, especially for out-of-state undergraduate students, who pay between US $31,301 and $36,352 annually for tuition alone. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been In 2005, out-of-state tuition at UM was the most expensive in the United States for a public college or university.  Conversely, in-state undergraduate students paid between US $10,447 and $14,442 annually.  Notwithstanding the quoted tuition levels, the university is attempting to increase financial aid availability to students. To that end, the university has built, as part of its larger university campaign, a greater than $1. 4 billion endowment in order to support aid to students. 
The university is one of the founding members (1900) of the Association of American Universities, the nation's most significant consortium of research universities. The Association of American Universities (AAU is an Organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic Research The university manages one of the largest annual collegiate research budgets of any university in the United States, totaling about US $775 million per annum from 2004 to 2005, and US $797 million in 2006, and $823 million as of year end 2007.  The Medical School spent the most at over US $333 million, while the College of Engineering was second at more than $131 million. The University of Michigan College of Engineering is the Engineering unit of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.  UM also has a technology transfer office, which is the university conduit between laboratory research and corporate commercialization interests. Technology transfer is the process of sharing of skills knowledge technologies methods of manufacturing samples of manufacturing and facilities among industries universities governments
UM helped develop one of the first university computer networks (the Merit Network) and has made major contributions to the mathematics of information theory. Information theory is a branch of Applied mathematics and Electrical engineering involving the quantification of Information. Other major contributions included the precursor to the National Science Foundation computer networking backbone, the virtual memory model, and computer databases. The National Science Foundation (NSF is a United States Government agency that supports fundamental Research and Education in all the non-medical A computer network is a group of interconnected Computers. Networks may be classified according to a wide variety of characteristics A Computer Database is a structured collection of records or data that is stored in a computer system The university is also a major contributor to the medical field with the EKG, gastroscope, the announcement of Jonas Salk's polio vaccine, and the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation system or ECMO. Jonas Edward Salk ( October 28 1914 &ndash June 23, 1995) was an American Biologist and Physician best In Intensive care medicine, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO is an Extracorporeal technique of providing both cardiac and respiratory support Oxygen The university's 13,000 acre (53 km²) biological station in the Northern Lower Peninsula of Michigan is one of only 47 Biosphere Reserves in the United States. The University of Michigan Biological Station (UMBS is a research and teaching facility operated by the University of Michigan. Northern Michigan - or more properly Northern Lower Michigan - is a region of the U A biosphere reserve is an international Conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on 
UM is home to the National Election Studies and the University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index. The American National Election Studies is the leading academically-run national survey of Voters in the United States, conducted after every presidential The University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index is a Consumer confidence index published monthly by the University of Michigan. Political scientists and policy analysts use UM's Correlates of War project as a gauge of nations' relative global power and a barometer for the outbreak of war. The Correlates of War project is an academic study of the History of warfare. Power in international relations is defined in several different ways The university is also home to major research centers in optics, reconfigurable manufacturing systems, wireless integrated microsystems, and social sciences. NSF Engineering Research Center for Wireless Integrated Microsystems (ERC WIMS was formed in 2000 through the collaboration of the University of Michigan (UM Michigan The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute is located at the university, and support was recently given to the life sciences with the establishment of the Life Sciences Institute and the construction of associated facilities. Foundations of modern biology There are five unifying principles Undergraduate students are able to participate in various research projects through the Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program (UROP) as well as the UROP/Creative-Programs. The Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program provides funding and/or credit to undergraduate students who volunteer for faculty-mentored research projects pertaining to all academic 
UM's financial endowment (the "University Endowment Fund") was valued at $5. A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested 65 billion in NACUBO's 2006 ranking.  It is the ninth largest endowment in the U. The following are three lists of US institutions of higher education by endowment: Largest endowments Largest endowments per student Certain universities S. and the third-largest among U. S public universities, as well as the fastest growing endowment in the nation over the last 21 years. The following are three lists of US institutions of higher education by endowment: Largest endowments Largest endowments per student Certain universities  The endowment is primarily used according to the donors' wishes, which include the support of teaching and research. In mid-2000, UM embarked on a massive fund-raising campaign called "The Michigan Difference," which aimed to raise $2. 5 billion, with $800 million dollars designated for the permanent endowment.  Slated to run through December 2008, the university announced that the campaign had reached its target 19 months early in May 2007. 
The UM library system comprises 19 individual libraries with 24 separate collections—roughly 8. The University of Michigan University Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan, is one of the largest university library systems in the United States The University of Michigan in Ann Arbor is home to a number of museums, with a majority of them on Central Campus The University of Michigan University Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan, is one of the largest university library systems in the United States 27 million volumes, growing at the rate of 177,000 volumes a year.  In the most recent academic year for which such figures are released (2005), the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) — using a variety of metrics — ranked UM's library system as one of the top academic library systems in the U. The Association of Research Libraries is an Organization of the leading Research libraries in North America. S. 
UM was the original home of the JSTOR database, which contains about 750,000 digitized pages from the entire pre-1990 backfile of ten journals of history and economics. JSTOR (short for Journal Storage) is a United States -based online system for archiving Academic journals founded in 1995 History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology Economics is the social science that studies the production distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The University recently initiated a book digitization program in collaboration with Google. Google Inc is an American public corporation, earning revenue from advertising related to its Internet search, e-mail, online As of August 31, 2006, UM has rolled out the first phase of the Google archive retrieval. Events 1056 - Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill dying suddenly a few days later without children to succeed the Throne Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. 
Two prominent libraries, the Harlan Hatcher Graduate Library and the Shapiro Undergraduate Library (also called the UGLi, which is officially an acronym but was used by students as a reference to the building's uninspired appearance prior to its recent renovation), are on Central Campus and are connected by a skywalk. The University of Michigan University Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan, is one of the largest university library systems in the United States Early examples of skywalks Copenhagen, Denmark: skywalk connecting courts building to adjacent uses 18th century Faaborg The Duderstadt Center on North Campus houses books on art, architecture, and engineering. Art refers to a diverse range of Human activities creations and expressions that are appealing to the Senses or Emotions of a human individual The term architecture (from Greek αρχιτεκτονικήarchitektoniki) can be used to mean a process a profession or documentation Engineering is the Discipline and Profession of applying technical and scientific Knowledge and The Duderstadt Center also contains multiple computer labs, video editing studios, and a 3D virtual reality room. A computer lab also known as a Computer Suite is typically a room which contains many networked Computers for public use "NLE" redirects here For the standardized test see National Latin Examination. 3D computer graphics (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data that is stored in the computer Virtual reality ( VR) is a technology which allows a user to interact with a Computer-simulated environment be it a real or imagined one North Campus is also home to the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and the Bentley Historical Library. The Gerald R Ford Presidential Library is part of the National Archives and Records Administration's Presidential library system The Bentley Historical Library is a historical library located on the University of Michigan North Campus in Ann Arbor.
The University of Michigan is home to a number of museums, whose focuses include archeology, anthropology, paleontology, zoology, dentistry, and art. Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek grc ἀρχαιολογία archaiologia – grc ἀρχαῖος archaīos Anthropology (/ˌænθɹəˈpɒlədʒi/ from Greek grc ἄνθρωπος anthrōpos, "human" -λογία -logia) is the study of Palaeontology redirects here For the Scientific journal, see Palaeontology (journal. Zoology (from Greek ζῷον, zoon, "animal" + λόγος, " Logos " "knowledge" is the branch of Dentistry' is the "evaluation diagnosis prevention and/or treatment (nonsurgical surgical or related procedures of diseases disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity The natural history public collections are housed at the University of Michigan Exhibit Museum of Natural History, which displays items from the collections of the paleontology, zoology, and anthropology museums. The Exhibit Museum also holds the largest display of dinosaur specimens in Michigan, as well as specimens of the state fossil, the mastodon (the only such display in the world containing adult male and female specimens: the Buesching and Owosso mastodons). Most American states have made a state fossil designation in many cases during the 1980s. Mastodons or Mastodonts (from Greek μαστός and οδούς, meaning " Nipple tooth" are members of the extinct  Another major university museum is the University of Michigan Museum of Art, with a permanent collection of European, American, Middle Eastern, Asian, and African items, and temporary exhibits on a wide variety of subjects.
The Ann Arbor campus is divided into four main areas: the North, Central, Medical, and South Campuses. The physical infrastructure includes more than 500 major buildings, with a combined area of more than 29 million square feet (664 acres or 2. 69 km²).  The campus also consists of leased space in buildings scattered throughout the city, many occupied by organizations affiliated with the University of Michigan Health System. An East Medical Campus has recently been developed on Plymouth Road, with several university-owned buildings for outpatient care, diagnostics, and outpatient surgery.
In addition to the UM Golf Course on South Campus, the university operates a second golf course called "Radrick Farms Golf Course" on Geddes Road. The golf course is only open to faculty, staff, and alumni.  Another off-campus facility is the Inglis House, which the university has owned since the 1950s. The Inglis House is a 10,000 square foot (930 m²) mansion used to hold various social events, including meetings of the board of regents, and to host visiting dignitaries.  The university also operates a large office building called Wolverine Tower in southern Ann Arbor near Briarwood Mall. Another major facility is the Matthaei Botanical Gardens, which is located on the eastern outskirts of Ann Arbor. The Matthaei Botanical Gardens (300 Acres 121 Hectares are Botanical gardens with a conservatory operated by the University of Michigan
All four campus areas are connected by bus services, the majority of which connect the North and Central Campuses. There is a shuttle service connecting the University Hospital, which lies between North and Central Campuses, with other medical facilities throughout northeastern Ann Arbor.  The Central and South Campus areas are contiguous, while the North Campus area is separated from them, primarily by the Huron River. The Huron River is the name of three different rivers in the U
Central Campus was the original location of UM when it moved to Ann Arbor in 1837. It originally had a school and dormitory building (where Mason Hall now stands) and several houses for professors on land bounded by North University Avenue, South University Avenue, East University Avenue, and State Street.  Because Ann Arbor and Central Campus developed simultaneously, there is no distinct boundary between the city and university, and some areas contain a mixture of private and university buildings. Central Campus is the location of the College of Literature, Science and the Arts, and is immediately adjacent to the medical campus. The University of Michigan College of Literature Science and the Arts, also known as the College of LS&A (or simply LS&A is the Liberal arts and sciences unit of Most of the graduate and professional schools, including the Ross School of Business and the Law School, are on Central Campus. The Ross School of Business (previously known as the University of Michigan Business School) is the business school of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor The University of Michigan Law School ( Michigan Law) is the Law school of the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor. Ten of the buildings on Central Campus were designed by Detroit-based architect Albert Kahn between 1904 and 1936. Albert Kahn ( March 21, 1869 in Rhaunen, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany – December 8, 1942 in The most notable of the Kahn-designed buildings are the Burton Memorial Tower and nearby Hill Auditorium. The Burton Memorial Tower is a Clock tower located on Central Campus at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor at 230 South Ingalls Street Hill Auditorium is the largest performance venue on the University of Michigan campus in Ann Arbor in the United States 
North Campus is the most contiguous campus, built independently from the city on a large plot of farm land — approximately 800 acres (3. 25 km²) — that the university bought in 1952.  It is newer than Central Campus, and thus has more modern architecture, whereas most Central Campus buildings are classical or gothic in style. This article is concerned with architectural aspects of Modernism; for the most recent developments in architecture see Contemporary architecture. The architect Eero Saarinen, based in Birmingham, Michigan, created one of the early master plans for North Campus and designed several of its buildings in the 1950s, including the Earl V. Eero Saarinen (eːro saːrinen (August 20 1910 Kirkkonummi, Finland – September 1 1961 Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States) was Birmingham is an upscale city in Oakland County of the US state of Michigan. Moore School of Music Building.  North and Central Campuses each have unique bell towers that reflect the predominant architectural styles of their surroundings. Each of the bell towers houses a grand carillon. A carillon (/kaʁijɔ̃/ /ˈkærɪljɒn/ or /kəˈrɪljən/ is a Musical instrument consisting of at least 23 cast bronze cup-shaped bells which are played
North Campus houses the College of Engineering, the Schools of Music, Theater & Dance, and Art and Design, the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning, and an annex of the School of Information. The University of Michigan College of Engineering is the Engineering unit of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The University of Michigan School of Music Theatre & Dance is an undergraduate and graduate institution for the Performing arts in the United States. The A Alfred Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning (also Taubman College or TCAUP) is an internationally-renowned undergraduate and graduate institution Each summer, the computer labs, and residence and dining halls of North Campus are used to host Camp CAEN, the College of Engineering's summer computer camp for high school students. Camp CAEN is a Computer camp offered by the College of Engineering 's Computer Aided Engineering Network (CAEN at the University of Michigan in Ann Summer camp is a supervised Program for Children and/or Teenagers conducted (usually during the Summer Months in some countries A computer camp is a Summer camp which focuses on computer instruction
South Campus is the site for the athletic programs, including major sports facilities, such as Michigan Stadium, Crisler Arena, and Yost Ice Arena. Michigan Stadium, nicknamed The Big House, is the football stadium for the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Crisler Arena, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, is the home arena for the University of Michigan men's and women's basketball teams Yost Ice Arena (formerly the Fielding H Yost Fieldhouse) in Ann Arbor Michigan, is the home of the University of Michigan varsity Ice hockey South Campus is also the site of the Buhr library storage facility (the collections of which are undergoing digitization by Google), the Institute for Continuing Legal Education, and the Student Theatre Arts Complex, which provides shop and rehearsal space for student theatre groups. The university's departments of public safety and transportation services offices are located on South Campus.
UM's golf course is located south of Michigan Stadium and Crisler Arena. It was designed in the late 1920s by Alister MacKenzie, the designer of Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia (home of The Masters Tournament). Alister MacKenzie (born Wakefield, Yorkshire, England, 1870 died Santa Cruz California, 1934 was a British Golf course designer Augusta National Golf Club, located in the American city of Augusta Georgia, is one of the most storied and exclusive golf clubs in the world Augusta Georgia is a city in Richmond County, Georgia, United States. The Masters Tournament, also known as The Masters or The US Masters (outside of the United States is one of four major championships in men's  The course opened to the public in the spring of 1931. The University of Michigan Golf Course was included in a listing of top holes designed by what Sports Illustrated calls “golf’s greatest course architect. Sports Illustrated is an American Sports Magazine owned by media conglomerate Time Warner. ” The UM Golf Course’s signature No. 6 hole — a 310-yard (280 m) par 4, which plays from an elevated tee to a two-tiered, kidney-shaped green protected by four bunkers — is the second hole on the Alister MacKenzie Dream 18 as selected by a five-person panel that includes three-time Masters champion Nick Faldo and golf course architect Tom Doak. Tournament career Faldo was born in Welwyn Garden City, England. Tom Doak is a Golf course designer. He currently has 4 courses ranked among the top 100 in the world according to Golf Magazine 's Top 100 Courses in the The listing of “the best holes ever designed by Augusta National architect Alister MacKenzie” is featured in SI’s Golf Plus special edition previewing the Masters in April 4, 2006. Events 1581 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
The University of Michigan's sports teams are called the Wolverines. The Michigan Wolverines comprise 24 varsity sports teams at the University of Michigan which compete in the NCAA 's Division I and in the Big Ten Michigan Stadium, nicknamed The Big House, is the football stadium for the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. They participate in the NCAA's Football Bowl Subdivision (formally Division I-A) and in the Big Ten Conference in all sports except men's ice hockey, which is a member of the Central Collegiate Hockey Association. The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations Division I (or D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States Ice hockey, often referred to simply as hockey, is a team Sport played on Ice. The Central Collegiate Hockey Association is a college athletic conference which operates mostly in Michigan and Ohio, although it also has members in Alaska In seven of the past ten years, UM has finished in the top five of the NACDA Director's Cup, a ranking compiled by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to tabulate the success of universities in competitive sports. The NACDA Directors' Cup is an award given annually by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the colleges and universities with the most The National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics is a professional organization for College and University Athletic directors in the United UM has finished in the top eleven of the Directors' Cup standings in each of the award's twelve seasons and has placed in the top six in each of the last eight seasons. 
The UM football program ranks first in NCAA history in both total wins (860) and winning percentage (. The Michigan Wolverines football program represents the University of Michigan. 745).  The team won the first Rose Bowl game in 1902, and has the longest current streak of consecutive bowl game appearances. The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American College football Bowl game, usually played on January 1 ( New Year's Day) at the Rose In the United States, a bowl game is traditionally a post-season College football game however the term "bowl" has become synonymous with a major American The last year in which UM did not appear in a bowl was 1974, which was also the last season in which Big Ten teams other than the champion were not eligible for bowls; UM's last losing season was in 1967. The Wolverines have won a record 42 Big Ten championships, including five in the past decade. The program has eleven national championships, most recently in 1997, and has produced three Heisman Trophy winners: Tom Harmon, Desmond Howard and Charles Woodson. Thomas Dudley Harmon ( September 28, 1919 - March 15, 1990) was a star player in United States College football, a sports Desmond Kevin Howard (born May 15, 1970 in Cleveland Ohio) is a former American football Wide receiver, Punt returner, Charles Woodson (born on October 7, 1976 in Fremont Ohio) is an American football Cornerback for the Green Bay Packers 
Michigan Stadium is the largest college football-only stadium in the world, with an official capacity of more than 107,501 (the extra seat is said to be "reserved" for Fritz Crisler) though attendance—frequently over 111,000 spectators—regularly exceeds the official capacity. Ferry Field is a multi-purpose Stadium in Ann Arbor Michigan. Michigan Stadium, nicknamed The Big House, is the football stadium for the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Herbert Orin "Fritz" Crisler (January 12 1899 near Earlville Illinois – August 19 1982 was a head football coach best known for his tenure at the  The NCAA's record-breaking attendance has become commonplace at Michigan Stadium, especially since the arrival of head coach Bo Schembechler. Glenn Edward "Bo" Schembechler Jr ( April 1 1929 &ndash November 17 2006) was an American College football UM has fierce rivalries with many teams, including Michigan State, Notre Dame, and Ohio State, the latter of which has been referred to by ESPN as the greatest rivalry in American sports, along with the Notre Dame-USC and Army-Navy rivalries. Michigan State University ( MSU) is a co-educational public Research university in East Lansing, Michigan USA. The University of Notre Dame du Lac (or simply Notre Dame) (ˌnoʊtɚˈdeɪm is a private Roman Catholic Research university located in The Ohio State University ( OSU) is a Coeducational public Research university in the state of Ohio. ESPN, originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American Cable television network dedicated to  UM has all-time winning records against Michigan State University, University of Notre Dame, and Ohio State University. 
The men's ice hockey team, which plays at Yost Ice Arena, has won nine national championships, while the men's basketball team, which plays at Crisler Arena, has appeared in four Final Fours and won a national championship in 1989. Ice hockey, often referred to simply as hockey, is a team Sport played on Ice. Yost Ice Arena (formerly the Fielding H Yost Fieldhouse) in Ann Arbor Michigan, is the home of the University of Michigan varsity Ice hockey The annual NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Championship tournament determines the top Ice hockey team in the NCAA Division I, Division II, and Division College basketball most often refers to the American Basketball competitive governance structure established by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA Crisler Arena, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, is the home arena for the University of Michigan men's and women's basketball teams The NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship is a single elimination Tournament held each spring featuring 65 College basketball teams in the The NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship is a single elimination Tournament held each spring featuring 65 College basketball teams in the However, the program became involved in a scandal involving payments from a booster during the 1990s. This led to the program being placed on probation for a four-year period. The program also voluntarily vacated victories from its 1992–1993 and 1995–1999 seasons in which the payments took place, as well as its 1992 and 1993 Final Four appearances.
Through the 2004 Summer Olympic Games, 178 UM students and coaches had participated in the Olympics, winning medals in every Summer Olympics except 1896, and winning gold medals in all but four Olympiads. The 2004 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, was an International Multi-sport event which was celebrated The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad are an International Multi-sport event, usually quadrennial organised by the International UM students have won a total of 116 Olympic medals: 54 gold, 27 silver, and 35 bronze. The Michigan Wolverines comprise 24 varsity sports teams at the University of Michigan which compete in the NCAA 's Division I and in the Big Ten 
The University of Michigan has the sixth-largest campus housing system in the U. The residence hall system at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, which is called the University Housing (which is a unit of The Division of Student Affairs at S. and the third-largest family housing operation, accommodating up to 12,562 people.  The residence halls are organized into three distinct groups: Central Campus, Hill Area (between Central Campus and the University of Michigan Medical Center) and North Campus. Family housing is located on North Campus and mainly serves graduate students. The largest residence hall has a capacity of 1,277 students, while the smallest accommodates 31 residents.  A majority of upper-division and graduate students live in off-campus apartments, houses, and cooperatives, with the largest concentrations in the Central and South Campus areas. A housing cooperative is a legal entity—usually a Corporation —that owns Real estate, consisting of one or more residential buildings The higher cost of living in Ann Arbor has prompted some students to live in nearby communities such as Ypsilanti or Plymouth. Ypsilanti (ˌɪpsɨˈlænti Ǐp'-sǐ-lǎn-tē but often /ˌjɪpsɨˈlænti/ by outsiders is a city in Washtenaw County in the U Plymouth is a city in Wayne County of the US state of Michigan.
The residential system has a number of "living-learning communities" where academic activities and residential life are combined. These communities focus on areas such as research through the Michigan Research Community, medical sciences, community service and the German language. The Michigan Research Community The Michigan Research Community or the MRC is a living-learning program at the University of Michigan. Community service refers to service that a person performs for the benefit of his or her local Community. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages.  The Michigan Research Community, usually housed in Mosher-Jordan Hall, is currently located in East Quadrangle (East Quad) due to renovations in its former building. The Michigan Research Community The Michigan Research Community or the MRC is a living-learning program at the University of Michigan. The Residential College (RC), a living-learning community that is a division of the College of Literature, Science and the Arts, also has its principal instructional space in East Quad. The Residential College at the University of Michigan is a division of the University of Michigan College of Literature Science and the Arts (LS&A in Ann Arbor. In 2006, the university approved plans for a new residence complex for 550 students on the northern corner of Central Campus. When completed, this residence complex will comprise a second living-learning community. 
There are more than 1150 student clubs and organizations at the university.  With a history of student activism, some of the most visible groups include those dedicated to causes such as civil rights and labor rights. Labor rights or workers' rights are a group of Legal rights and claimed Human rights having to do with Labor relations between Workers Two of the most notable of these groups were Students for a Democratic Society, which recently reformed with a new chapter on campus as of February 2007, and the Weather Underground. Students for a Democratic Society (SDS is a United States Student organization. Weatherman, known colloquially as the Weathermen and later the Weather Underground Organization, was an American Radical left organization Though the student body generally leans toward left-wing politics, there are also conservative groups, such as YAF, non-partisan groups such as the Roosevelt Institution, and religious groups like "JAAM" (Jewish Awareness America). Young Americans for Freedom ( YAF) is a conservative youth organization that was founded in 1960 Fraternities and sororities, many of which are located east of Central Campus, play a role in the university's social life. Fraternities and sororities (from the Latin words la frater and la soror, meaning "brother" and "sister" respectively are fraternal There are also several engineering projects teams, including the University of Michigan Solar Car Team, which placed first in the North American Solar Challenge four times and third in the World Solar Challenge three times. The University of Michigan Solar Car Team is a 501(c(3 Non-profit organization at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The North American Solar Challenge (NASC is a solar car race across the United States and Canada The World Solar Challenge is a solar-powered car race which covers 3021 km (1877 miles through the Australian Outback, from Darwin  Michigan Interactive Investments, the largest collegiate investing and finance organization in the United States, and the Michigan Economics Society are also affiliated with the university. Michigan Interactive Investments (MII is a business/investing/finance organization at the University of Michigan. The university also showcases many community service organizations and charitable projects, including the University of Michigan Dance Marathon, SERVE, PROVIDES, Circle K, The Detroit Project, Habitat for Humanity, and Ann Arbor Reaching Out. The Detroit Project may refer to Americans for Fuel Efficient Cars´ Detroit Project It tries getting Detroit to build cars and SUVs that get more MPG and jolting Habitat For Humanity International ( HFHI) (generally referred to as Habitat for Humanity or simply Habitat) is an international Ecumenical Intramural sports are popular, and there are recreation facilities for each of the three campuses. Intramural sports or intramurals are recreational Sports organized within a school 
The Michigan Union and Michigan League are student activity centers located on Central Campus; Pierpont Commons is on North Campus. The Michigan Union is a student union at the University of Michigan. The Michigan Union houses a majority of student groups, including the student government. The William Monroe Trotter House, located east of Central Campus, is a multicultural student center operated by the university's Office of Multi-Ethnic Student Affairs.  The University Activities Center (UAC) is a student-run programming organization and is composed of 15 committees.  Each group involves students in the planning and execution of a variety of events both on and off campus.
The Michigan Marching Band, composed of over 350 students from almost all of UM's schools, is the university's marching band. The Michigan Marching Band (or MMB is University of Michigan 's Marching Band. A marching band is in the broadest terms a group of performers that consist of instrumental Musicians and sometimes dance teams / color guard who generally perform Over 100 years old, the band performs at every home game and travels to at least one away game a year. The student-run and led University of Michigan Pops Orchestra is another musical ensemble that attracts students from all academic backgrounds. Michigan Pops Orchestra is the only student run and directed orchestra at the University of Michigan. It performs regularly in the Michigan Theater. The Michigan Theater is a Movie palace in Ann Arbor Michigan in the United States of America. The University of Michigan Men's Glee Club, founded in 1859, is a men's chorus with over 100 members. The University of Michigan Men's Glee Club is an all-male Glee club (or Choir) at the University of Michigan currently conducted by Paul Rardin Its eight member subset a cappella group, the University of Michigan Friars, which was founded in 1955, is the oldest currently running a cappella group on campus. A cappella (Italian or Latin "From the chapel/choir" Music is Vocal music or Singing without instrumental Accompaniment The University of Michigan Men's Glee Club is an all-male Glee club (or Choir) at the University of Michigan currently conducted by Paul Rardin 
The Michigan Daily is the student-run daily newspaper. The Michigan Daily is the daily student newspaper of the University of Michigan. Founded in 1890, The Daily is published five days a week during the normal academic year, and weekly during the spring and summer terms. Other student publications at the university include the conservative The Michigan Review, the progressive Michigan Independent, the Michigan Journal of Political Science, The Michigan Journal of Business, and the humor publications The Michigan Every Three Weekly and the Gargoyle. The Michigan Review is the Journal of Campus Affairs at the University of Michigan. The Michigan Journal of Political Science ( MJPS) is one of the premier undergraduate Political science journals in the United The Michigan Journal of Business is a bi-annually published Academic journal run by undergraduate students at the Stephen M Gargoyle Humor Magazine or The Gargoyle is the official student-run humor magazine for the University of Michigan. WCBN (88. WCBN-FM is the student-run Radio station of the University of Michigan. 3 FM) is a freeform radio station; WOLV-TV is a student-run television station that is primarily shown on the university's cable television system.
Housed in the Michigan Union, the Michigan Student Assembly (MSA) is the central student government of the University. A students' union, student government, student senate, students' association, or guild of students is a Student Organization With representatives from each of the University's colleges and schools, the MSA represents students and manages student funds on the campus. The Michigan Student Assembly is a member of the statewide Association of Michigan Universities. In recent years MSA has organized airBus, a transportation service between campus and the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, and has led the university's efforts to register its student population to vote, with its Voice Your Vote Commission (VYV) registering 10,000 students in 2004. Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, sometimes called Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Detroit Metro Wayne Airport, Metro Airport, or simply VYV also works to improve access to non-partisan voting-related information and increase student voter turnout.  MSA has also been successful at reviving Homecoming activities, including a carnival and parade, for students after a roughly eleven-year absence in October 2007. Homecoming, welcoming back of former residents and alumni is a tradition in many universities, Colleges and High schools in North America 
There are student governance bodies in each college and school. The two largest colleges at the University of Michigan are the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts (LS&A) and the College of Engineering. The University of Michigan College of Engineering is the Engineering unit of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Students in the LS&A are represented by the LS&A Student Government (LSA SG). The University of Michigan Engineering Council (UMEC) manages student government affairs for the College of Engineering. In addition, the students that live in the residence halls are represented by the University of Michigan Residence Halls Association.
A longstanding goal of some members of the student government is to create a student designated seat on the Board of Regents, the university's governing body. Such a designation would achieve parity with other Big Ten schools that have student regents. In 2000, students Nick Waun and Scott Trudeau ran for the board on the state-wide ballot as third-party nominees. Waun ran for a second time in 2002, along with Matt Petering and Susan Fawcett.  Although none of these campaigns has so far been successful, a recent poll shows that most students consider student activity fees to be taxation without representation on the board. Another poll conducted by the State of Michigan in 1998 concluded that a majority of Michigan voters would approve of such a position if the measure were put before them. A change to the board's makeup would require amending the Michigan Constitution. The Constitution of the State of Michigan is the governing document of the U 
The University of Michigan's fight song, The Victors, was written by student Louis Elbel in 1898 following the last-minute football victory over the University of Chicago that clinched a league championship. A fight song is primarily an American and Canadian sports term referring to a Song associated with a team The Victors is the Fight song of the University of Michigan (UM The Victors is the Fight song of the University of Michigan (UM The University of Chicago is a Private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. The song was declared by John Philip Sousa as "the greatest college fight song ever written. John Philip Sousa ( November 6, 1854 &ndash March 6, 1932) was an American Composer and conductor of the late " The song refers to the university as being the "Champions of the West". At the time, UM was part of the "Western Conference", which would later become the Big Ten Conference. Although mainly used at sporting events, the fight song can be heard at other events that UM competes in. President Gerald Ford had it played as his entrance anthem in preference over the more traditional Hail to the Chief during his term from 1974 to 1977. Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr (July 14 1913 December 26 2006 was the thirty-eighth President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977 and the fortieth Vice President  The fight song is also sung during graduation commencement ceremonies. The university's alma mater song is The Yellow and Blue. Alma mater is Latin for "nourishing mother" It was used in Ancient Rome as a title for the mother Goddess, and in Medieval A common rally cry is "Let's Go Blue!", written by former students Joseph Carl, a tuba player, and Albert Ahronheim, a drum major. A Sergeant Major of the Drums or drum major is the leader of a Marching band, Drum and bugle corps, or Pipe band.
UM has more than 420,000 living graduates. Alumni Nobel laureates Stanley Cohen (PhD 1949 co-winner of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering growth factors The University of Michigan has 6200 faculty members and roughly 38000 employees which include National Academy members and Nobel and Pulitzer Prize winners The President of the University of Michigan is the principal executive officer of the University of Michigan. See also History of the University of Michigan The Board of Regents of the University of Michigan is the legal corporation that controls the University of Michigan  In addition to the late U.S. president Gerald Ford, the university has produced twenty-five Rhodes scholars and 116 Olympic medalists, seven Nobel Prize winners, and Fields Medal winner Stephen Smale. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr (July 14 1913 December 26 2006 was the thirty-eighth President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977 and the fortieth Vice President Rhodes Scholarship Rhodes scholar redirects here Rhodes Scholar redirects here Rhodes scholars An Olympic medalist is the winner of a Medal in one of the Olympic Games. The Nobel Prize (Nobelpriset (Nobelprisen is a Swedish prize established in the 1895 will of Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel; it was first awarded in Peace, Literature The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two three or four Mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Stephen Smale (born July 15, 1930) is an American Mathematician from Flint Michigan. Several astronauts are alumni, including the all-UM crews of Gemini 4 and Apollo 15. Gemini 4 (officially Gemini IV) was a June 1965 Manned space flight in NASA 's Gemini program. UM's contribution to aeronautics also include aircraft designer Clarence "Kelly" Johnson of Lockheed Skunk Works fame, Lockheed president Willis Hawkins, F-16 designer Harry Hillaker, and Robert Hall, designer of the Granville Brothers Aircraft Gee Bee Model Z racer, test pilot and later vice president of Grumman. The Lockheed Corporation (originally Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company was an American aerospace company founded in 1912 which merged with Martin Marietta The Lockheed Corporation (originally Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company was an American aerospace company founded in 1912 which merged with Martin Marietta Willis M Hawkins ( December 1, 1913 &ndash September 28, 2004) was an Aeronautical engineer for Lockheed for more than Robert Hall may refer to Robert Hall (1764&ndash1831 English Baptist minister Granville Brothers Aircraft was an Aircraft manufacturer in operation from 1929 until their bankruptcy in 1934 The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading 20th century U UM counts among its matriculants sixteen billionaires, as well as a number of alumni who have founded or co-founded many companies and organizations, including Dr. J. Robert Beyster who founded Science Applications International Corporation in 1969 (see also: List of Entities Founded by University of Michigan alumni). The parent article is at List of University of Michigan alumni Advertising/marketing Leo Burnett, (BA 1914 Journalism Dr John Robert Beyster (born 1924 often styled J Robert Beyster) is the founder of Science Applications International Corporation, the largest employee-owned research Science Applications International Corporation ( SAIC) is a FORTUNE 500 scientific engineering and technology applications company in the United States with Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Alumni list links List of Michigan Alumni List of University of Michigan faculty and staff List of University of Michigan
Notable writers who attended UM include playwright Arthur Miller, novelist Betty Smith, screenwriter Judith Guest, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Theodore Roethke, authors Charles Major and Sandra Steingraber, Japanese literature translator Juliet Winters Carpenter and composer/author/puppeteer Forman Brown. Arthur Asher Miller (October 17 1915 &ndash February 10 2005 was an American Playwright and Essayist. Betty Smith, née Elisabeth Wehner ( December 15 1896 - January 17, 1972) was an American author "Errands" redirects here For the housework see Errand. Theodore Huebner Roethke (ˈrɛtkə RET-keh) May 25]] 1908 &ndash August 1 1963) was an American Poet, who published several volumes For the New Zealand politician see Charles E Major Charles Major ( July 25, 1856 – February 13 1913 Sandra Steingraber (born 1959) is an American Biologist and Author in the tradition of Rachel Carson. Juliet Winters Carpenter (1948-) is a translator of modern Japanese literature into English Forman Brown (1901-1996 was one of the world leaders in puppet theatre in his day as well as an important early gay novelist In Hollywood, famous alumni include actor James Earl Jones; actresses Lucy Liu, Selma Blair, and Ruth Hussey; and filmmaker Lawrence Kasdan. United States cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century James Earl Jones (born January 17, 1931) is an American Actor of Film and stage well known for his deep basso Lucy Alexis Liu ( born December 2, 1968) is an American actress. Selma Blair (born June 23 1972) is an American actress After numerous supporting roles in the 1990s she starred in the film Cruel Intentions Ruth Carol Hussey ( October 30 1911 &ndash April 19 2005) was an American actress best known for her Oscar -nominated role as Lawrence Kasdan (born 14 January, 1949) is an American movie producer, director and Screenwriter.
Other UM graduates include TV journalist Mike Wallace, Dana Jacobson and Steve Phillips of ESPN, Rich Eisen of the NFL Network, entrepreneur Eric Sadek, singer Joe Dassin, jazz guitarist Randy Napoleon, former House Minority Leader Dick Gephardt, professional golfer John Schroeder, Google co-founder Larry Page, conservative pundit Ann Coulter, assisted suicide advocate Jack Kevorkian, Weather Underground radical activist Bill Ayers, activist Tom Hayden, Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski, architect Charles Moore, famous avant-garde painter Aethelred Eldridge, Mannheim Steamroller founder Chip Davis, the Swedish Holocaust hero Raoul Wallenberg, and Benjamin D. Pritchard, the Civil War general who captured Jefferson Davis. Mike Wallace (born Myron Leon Wallace on May 9, 1918) is an American journalist. Dana Jacobson born is an ESPN anchorwoman She joined the network as an ESPNEWS anchor in December 2002 and soon became a regular anchor on the 6 p Steve Francis Phillips (born on May 18, 1963) was the general manager of the New York Mets from 1997 - 2003. ESPN, originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American Cable television network dedicated to Rich Eisen (born June 24, 1969) is an American Television Journalist who works for the NFL Network. NFL Network is an American television Specialty channel owned and operated by the National Football League (NFL and is also shown in Canada Joseph Ira Dassin was born in New York City to Jewish American Film noir director Jules Dassin and Béatrice Launer Randy Napoleon (born 1977 is a Jazz guitarist who is a member of The Freddy Cole Quartet and the leader of the Randy Napoleon Trio Richard Andrew "Dick" Gephardt (born January 31, 1941) is a former prominent American politician of the Democratic Party. John Schroeder (born November 12, 1945) is an American Professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour, Nationwide Tour Lawrence Edward "Larry" Page (born March 26 1973 is an American Entrepreneur who co-founded the Google Web search engine, now Ann Hart Coulter (born December 8 1961 is an American Political commentator, Syndicated columnist, and best-selling Author. Jack Kevorkian (kɛˈvɔrkiːɛn (born on May 26, 1928) is an Armenian-American William Charles "Bill" Ayers (born 26 December 1944 is an American elementary education theorist and former leading 1960s anti-war activist Thomas Emmet Hayden (born December 11 1939) is an American social and political activist and politician most famous for his involvement Charles Willard Moore ( October 31, 1925 in Benton Harbor, Michigan &ndash December 16, 1993 in Austin, Æthelred Eldridge is an academic and avant-garde painter. Æthelred Eldridge (born James Edward Leonard Eldridge on April 21 1930 in Monroe Michigan Mannheim Steamroller is a music group founded by Chip Davis, and co-founded by Jackson Berkey known for their modern recordings of Christmas music Louis F "Chip" Davis Jr (born November 15, 1947 in Sylvania Ohio) is the founder and leader of the music group Mannheim Steamroller Raoul Wallenberg (August 4 1912 &ndash July 17 1947? was a Swedish Humanitarian of the prominent Swedish Wallenberg family who worked in Budapest Benjamin D Pritchard (January 29 1835 &ndash November 26 1907 was a United States Army officer most known for leading the Union Cavalry Jefferson Finis Davis ( June 3, 1808 &ndash December 6, 1889) was an American politician who served as President of the  Clarence Darrow, one of the leading attorneys in the U. Clarence Seward Darrow ( April 18, 1857 – March 13, 1938) was an American Lawyer and leading member of the American S. , attended the Law School at a time when many lawyers did not receive any formal education. Sanjay Gupta, a neurosurgeon and CNN medical correspondent, attended the UM School of Medicine. Sanjay Gupta ( Hindi: संजय गुप्ता born 23 October Randy Sklar and Jason Sklar were the hosts on ESPN Classic's Cheap Seats. Randy Sklar and Jason Sklar (born January 12, 1972) are Identical twin American comedians Randy Sklar and Jason Sklar (born January 12, 1972) are Identical twin American comedians For the Canadian channel of this name see ESPN Classic (Canada. Cheap Seats without Ron Parker (commonly shortened to Cheap Seats) was a Television program broadcast on ESPN Classic hosted by brothers Pop singer Madonna, professional baseball player Derek Jeter, and rock legend Iggy Pop attended but did not graduate. Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16 1958 known as Madonna, is an American Derek Sanderson Jeter (ˈʤitɚ born June 26 1974 is an American Major League Baseball player James Newell Osterberg Jr (born April 21, 1947) better known by his Stage name Iggy Pop, is an American rock singer Songwriter Professional wrestler Scott Steiner was a two-time All-American wrestler at UM and graduated with a degree in Education. Scott Rechsteiner (born July 29 1962 better known by his Ring name Scott Steiner, is an American professional wrestler.
UM athletes have starred in the National Football League and National Basketball Association as well as other professional sports. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. Notable among recent players are Tom Brady of the New England Patriots and Chris Webber, who last played for the Golden State Warriors. Thomas Edward Brady Jr (born August 3 1977 is an American football Quarterback for the New England Patriots of the National Football League The New England Patriots, commonly called the " Pats " by sports writers and fans are a professional American football team based in the Greater Boston Mayce Edward Christopher Webber III (born March 1 1973 in Detroit, Michigan) better known as Chris Webber and nicknamed C-Webb, is a retired The Golden State Warriors are an American professional Basketball team based in Oakland, California. Three players have won college football's Heisman Trophy, awarded to the player considered the best in the nation: Tom Harmon (1940), Desmond Howard (1991) and Charles Woodson (1997). Thomas Dudley Harmon ( September 28, 1919 - March 15, 1990) was a star player in United States College football, a sports Desmond Kevin Howard (born May 15, 1970 in Cleveland Ohio) is a former American football Wide receiver, Punt returner, Charles Woodson (born on October 7, 1976 in Fremont Ohio) is an American football Cornerback for the Green Bay Packers 
The university claims the only alumni association with a chapter on the moon, established in 1971 when the all-UM crew of Apollo 15 placed a charter plaque for a new UM Alumni Association on the lunar surface.  According to the Apollo 15 astronauts, several small UM flags were brought on the mission. However, no flag made it to the surface or was left there. The presence of a UM flag on the moon is a long-held campus myth.