|University of Freiburg|
Latin: Alma Mater Alberto-Ludoviciana
|Motto:||Die Wahrheit wird euch frei machen ("The truth will set you free")|
|Rector:||Prof. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group The date of establishment or date of founding of an Institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point The word rector ("ruler" from the Latin regere and Rector meaning "Teacher" In Latin has a number of different meanings but all of them indicate an academic Dr. Hans-Jochen Schiewer (provisional)|
|Colors:||Blue and White|
|Affiliations:||German Excellence Universities|
University of Freiburg (German Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg ), sometimes referred to in English as the Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, was founded 1457 in Freiburg by the Habsburgs. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States One of the oldest universities in Germany, it has a long tradition of teaching the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences. A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The university is one of Germany's most prestigious and a leading research as well as teaching institution in Europe. 
The University of Freiburg has been appointed a University of Excellence in 2007, in an initiative by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft to establish internationally leading beacons of higher education. BMBF redirects here It can also refer to the British Mountain Bike Federation. The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (abbreviated DFG, German Research Foundation in English) is an important German research funding organization
Originally Albrechts University, the university started with four faculties (theology, philosophy, medicine and law). Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society Its establishment belongs to the second wave of German university foundings in the late Middle Ages, like the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen and the University of Basel. Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen ( German: Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, sometimes called the "Eberhardina Carolina" is a public university The University of Basel (German Universität Basel) is located at Basel, Switzerland. Established by papal privilege (papal bull) the University in Freiburg actually was - like all or most universities in the Middle Ages - a corporation of the church body and therefore belonged to the Roman Catholic Church and its hierarchy. A Papal bull is a particular type of Letters patent or charter issued by a Pope. The bishop of Basel consequently was its provost or chancellor (Kanzler), the bishop of Konstanz was its patron while the real founder of the university was the sovereign, Archduke Albert VI of Austria, being the brother of Frederick III, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. "Basilia" redirects here For the Fly Genus, see Basilia (fly. Provost is the title of a senior Academic administrator at many institutions of Higher education in the United States and Canada, the equivalent Chancellor or chancellour (archaic ( Latin: cancellarius) is an official Title used in countries whose civilization has arisen Konstanz (in English formerly known as Constance) is a university town of around 80000 inhabitants at the western end of Lake Constance Patronage is the support encouragement privilege and often financial aid given by a person or an organization Albert VI, Duke of Austria and later Archduke of Austria ( December 12, 1418 &ndash December 2, 1463) was a Habsburg Archduke Frederick III of Habsburg ( September 21 1415 &ndash August 19, 1493) was elected as German King as the successor of The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in At its founding, the university was named after Albert VI of Austria. Albert VI, Duke of Austria and later Archduke of Austria ( December 12, 1418 &ndash December 2, 1463) was a Habsburg Archduke He provided the university with land and a huge amount of endowments as well as its own jurisdiction. A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested In Law, jurisdiction (from the Latin ius iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak" is the practical Authority Also he declared Albrechts University as the "county university" (German Landesuniversität) for his territory - in the past including an area from Alsace to Tyrol - until it was handed over to the Austrian House of Habsburg in 1490. Alsace (Alsace alzas Alsatian and Elsass pre-1996 German: Elsaß; Alsatia is one of the 26 Regions of France, located on the eastern Tyrol is a region in Western Central Europe, which included the present day Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East
Shortly after that the university had a time of prosperity when numerous later famous humanists were educated there like Geiler von Kaysersberg, Johann Reuchlin or Jakob Wimpfeling. Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appealing to universal Johann Reuchlin ( January 29, 1455 - June 30 1522) was a German humanist and a scholar of Greek and Jakob Wimpfeling ( July 25, 1450 &ndash November 17, 1528) was a German Renaissance humanist and theologian. When Ulric Zasius was teaching law (until 1536), Freiburg became a centre of humanist jurisprudence. Ulrich Zasius (1461 &ndash November 24, 1536) was a German jurist Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appealing to universal From 1529 to 1535 Erasmus of Rotterdam lived and taught in Freiburg. Since around 1559 the university was housed at the Altes Collegium ("Old College"), today called the "new town-hall". The importance of the university decreased during the time of the Counter-Reformation. The Counter-Reformation (also Catholic Reformation denotes the period of Catholic revival from the pontificate of Pope Pius IV in 1560 to the close of the To counter those tendencies, the administration of two faculties was handed over to the Roman-Catholic order of the Jesuits in 1620. The Society of Jesus ( Latin: Societas Iesu, SJ and SI or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order (The two faculties were, of course, Theology (or Divinity) and Philosophy. Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective Divinity is the study of Christian and other Theology and Religious ministry at a School, Divinity school, University Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language ) Since 1682 the Jesuits built up their college as well as the Jesuit church (nowadays the "University Church" or Universitätskirche). The Society of Jesus ( Latin: Societas Iesu, SJ and SI or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order
At times, especially during the disorders of the Thirty Years' War, the university had to move out of Freiburg temporarily, e. For the Mauritanian Thirty Years' War see Char Bouba war. For the band see The 30 Years War. g. from 1686 to 1698, when French troops devastated Freiburg and the southern parts of the upper Rhine region. The Upper Rhine (Oberrhein is the part of the Rhine that flows northbound after Basel, Switzerland, along the Rhine rift, and then westward
After Freiburg as the capital of Further Austria was re-conquered, a new time began for the university by the reforms of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Further Austria or Anterior Austria ( Vorderösterreich, die Vorlande) was the collective name for the old possessions of the Habsburgs in Baden Maria Theresa (Maria Theresia see also names in other languages; May 13, 1717 November 29 1780) was the Archduchess regnant The requirements for admission were changed for all faculties in 1767 (before that time only Roman Catholics were allowed to study) and Natural Sciences were added as well as Public Administration. In Science, the term natural science refers to a naturalistic approach to the study of the Universe, which is understood as obeying rules or law of Public administration can be broadly described as the development implementation and study of branches of government Policy. Also in 1767, the university became a governmental institution despite the Church's protests. The Church finally lost its predominant influence on the university when the Jesuits were suppressed following a decree signed by Pope Clement XIII in 1773. The Society of Jesus ( Latin: Societas Iesu, SJ and SI or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order Pope Clement XIII ( Venice, March 7, 1693 &ndash February 2, 1769 in Rome) born Carlo della Torre di Rezzonico It also might have been the Zeitgeist and the official line of the new Emperor Joseph II (successor and son of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria) that his Patent of Tolerance which ensured Protestants the same rights as Catholics (published 1781) finally began an era of Enlightenment within the domains of the Habsburg, nowadays known as an era called "Josephinismus". Joseph II may refer to either Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople Joseph II Maria Theresa (Maria Theresia see also names in other languages; May 13, 1717 November 29 1780) was the Archduchess regnant Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Consequently Johann Georg Jacobi (brother of the more famous philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi) in 1784 was the first Protestant professor teaching at the university in Freiburg. Johann Georg Jacobi ( September 2, 1740 &ndash January 4, 1814) was a German Poet. Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi ( 25 January, 1743 - 10 March, 1819) was a German Philosopher notable for coining the term It is said that Joseph II instructed in his will to offer the professorship in Freiburg to Johann Heinrich Jacobi, probably already guessing the shocked reaction which the citizens of Freiburg would show given the fact that the area around Freiburg was deeply devoted to Catholicism. Joseph II may refer to either Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople Joseph II
When Freiburg became a part of the newly established Grand Duchy of Baden (in German "Großherzogtum Baden") in 1805 (after Napoleon occupied the area of the formerly Further Austria), a crisis began for the university in Freiburg. A grand duchy is a territory whose Head of state is a Grand Duke or Grand Duchess. Baden is a historical state in the southwest of Germany, on the right bank of the Rhine. Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe. Further Austria or Anterior Austria ( Vorderösterreich, die Vorlande) was the collective name for the old possessions of the Habsburgs in Baden Indeed there were considerations by Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden and Karl, Grand Duke of Baden to close down the university in Freiburg while both of them thought that the Grand Duchy could not afford to run two universities at the same time (the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg also already existed since 1386). Karl Friedrich 1st Grand Duke of Baden ( November 22, 1728 in Karlsruhe – June 10, 1811 in Karlsruhe was the son of Hereditary Karl Ludwig Friedrich Grand Duke of Baden ( July 8, 1786 in Karlsruhe - December 8, 1818 in Rastatt) became ruler of Baden A grand duchy is a territory whose Head of state is a Grand Duke or Grand Duchess. The Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg ( University of Heidelberg, Ruperto Carola, Heidelberg University, or simply Heidelberg) is a The university had enough endowments and earnings to survive until the beginning of the regency of Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden in 1818. A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested Ludwig I Grand Duke of Baden ( February 9, 1763 – March 30, 1830) became Grand Duke on December 8, 1818. Finally in 1820 he saved the university with an annual contribution. Since then the university has been named Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg) as an acknowledgement of gratitude by the university and the citizens of Freiburg.
In the 1880s the population of the student body and faculty started to grow quickly. Events and Trends Technology Development and commercial production of Electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation Verb "studēre" The excellent scientific reputation of Albert Ludwigs University attracted several researchers like economist Adolph Wagner, historians Georg von Below and Friedrich Meinecke, or jurists Karl von Amira and Paul Lenel. This concerns the German economist for the Nazi official see Adolf Wagner. Friedrich Meinecke ( October 30, 1862 &ndash February 6, 1954) was a liberal German historian probably the most famous
The University of Freiburg, among others, served as a role model for the establishment of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, USA, in 1875. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Year 1875 ( MDCCCLXXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Johns Hopkins was the first US university committed to research following Alexander von Humboldt's ideas of research as practiced at German universities at the time. (September 14 1769 &ndash May 6 1859 was a German naturalist and explorer, and the younger brother of the Prussian minister philosopher and linguist Daniel Coit Gilman, founding president of Johns Hopkins, who had studied in Germany, visited Freiburg and other German universities in preparation for the founding of Johns Hopkins. 
In 1900 Freiburg became the first German university to accept a female student. Just before World War I the university counted 3,000 students. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All After World War I the highly distinguished philosophers Edmund Husserl and (since 1928) Martin Heidegger taught at Albert Ludwigs University, as well as Edith Stein (she was the assistant of Edmund Husserl, the predecessor of Martin Heidegger). Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (ˈhʊsɛrl April 8 1859 – April 26 1938) was a philosopher, known as the father of Martin Heidegger ( September 26, 1889 &ndash May 26, 1976) (ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪ̯dɛgɐ was an influential German philosopher Edith Stein ( October 12, 1891 &ndash August 9, 1942) was a German-Jewish philosopher, a Carmelite nun Martyr Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (ˈhʊsɛrl April 8 1859 – April 26 1938) was a philosopher, known as the father of Martin Heidegger ( September 26, 1889 &ndash May 26, 1976) (ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪ̯dɛgɐ was an influential German philosopher On the field of social sciences, Walter Eucken developed the idea of ordoliberalism, which consequently is also known as the "Freiburg School". Walter Eucken ( 17 January 1891 - 20 March 1950) was a German Economist and father of Ordoliberalism. Ordoliberalism (also called German neoliberalism) is a school of Liberalism emphasizing the need for the state to ensure that the Free market produces results The Freiburg School is a school of economic thought founded in the 1930s at the University of Freiburg.
In the beginning of the 20th century several new university buildings were built in the centre of Freiburg, such as in 1911 the new main building. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on During the "Third Reich" the university went through the process of Gleichschaltung like the rest of the German universities. Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers Gleichschaltung, meaning "coordination" "making the same" "bringing into line" is a Nazi term for the process by which the This means that most of the non-governmental or non-state-controlled institutions, unions, clubs and associations of students were illegal (e. g. Catholic student fraternities were declared illegal). Under the rector Martin Heidegger all Jewish faculty members, among them many excellent and renowned Jewish scientists and professors, were forced to leave the university in accordance with the "‘Law for the Reintroduction of Professional Civil Service". Martin Heidegger ( September 26, 1889 &ndash May 26, 1976) (ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪ̯dɛgɐ was an influential German philosopher After World War II the university was re-opened. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including New buildings for natural sciences were erected in the Institutsviertel ("institute quarter"). Science (from the Latin scientia, meaning " Knowledge " or "knowing" is the effort to discover, and increase human understanding
In the late 20th century, the university was part of a mass education campaign and expanded rapidly. The student body grew to 10,000 by the 1960s, and doubled to 20,000 students by 1980. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) In the 1970s, the faculty structure was changed to 14 departments, with the Faculty of Applied Sciences becoming the 15th faculty in 1994. This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. For the song by 311, see Grassroots. Applied science is the application of knowledge from one or more natural scientific Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) In 2002, the number of faculties was reduced to eleven. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. The university opened a memorial dedicated to the victims of National Socialism among the students, staff, and faculty in 2003. 
Recently, the University of Freiburg has further been able to establish itself in the top group of German and European universities. The reform of the German higher education landscape leading to heightened competition and university rankings, has signaled a willingness to increase the competitiveness of German universities, nationally and internationally. In 2006, the University of Freiburg joined the League of European Research Universities (LERU). According to its Mission statement, the League of European Research Universities ( LERU) is "a group of European research-intensive universities One year later, in 2007, the University of Freiburg was chosen as one of nine German Universities of Excellence. Additionally, the leading position of the University of Freiburg has been documented in the various university rankings that have lately sprung up in Germany.
The city of Freiburg is widely considered one of the most beautiful in Germany. Nestled between hills of the Black Forest and vineyards, this city with its beautiful medieval city center and hallmark bächle helps give the University of Freiburg campus its flair and allure. For the suburb of Adelaide, please see Black Forest South Australia; for the CDP in Colorado, please see Black Forest Colorado. The Freiburg Bächle are small Canals in the Black Forest city of Freiburg.
Having grown with the city since the 15th century, the university's buildings are deeply intertwined with the city. There are three large campuses (the university center next to the historical city center, the institutes quarter and the applied sciences campus), but other buildings can be found scattered throughout Freiburg.
The university complex in the historical center of Freiburg contains such picturesque buildings as the Jugendstil Kollegiengebäude I, built in 1911 by Hermann Billing, or the gothic revival old university library. Art Nouveau ( nu vo anglicised /ˈɑːt nuːvəu/ ( French for 'new art' also known as Jugendstil ( German for 'youth style' is an international The Gothic Revival is an architectural movement which began The current University Library is also located here, a monumental building erected in the 1970s, which is to be renovated and redesigned starting March, 2008. The University Library (UB Freiburg) is one of the largest in Germany and placed 4th in a recent national ranking of university libraries.  The university church, located across from Kollegiengebäude II, was built in 1683 by the Jesuit order. The Society of Jesus ( Latin: Societas Iesu, SJ and SI or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order The church and the Jesuit college were handed over to the university after the Jesuit order was suppressed in 1773. The Suppression of the Jesuits in Portugal, France, the Two Sicilies, Parma and the Spanish Empire by 1767 was a result The church was destroyed in the bombing raid on Freiburg, November 27, 1944, and reconstructed in 1956.
The institutes quarter (Institutsviertel) is home to the science faculties. This campus was destroyed almost completely in the Freiburg bombing raid in 1944. After World War II, the reconstruction of the institutes began. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Today, the institutes quarter houses the physics buildings, the tall main chemistry building, visible from afar, the famous Institute for Macromolecular Chemistry at the Hermann-Staudinger-Haus, various other science buildings, as well as the renowned pre-clinical institutes of the Faculty of Medicine. The University of Freiburg Faculty of Medicine is the medical school and biomedical research unit of the University of Freiburg.
The applied sciences campus is located next to the small Freiburg airfield to the northwest of the city center, close to the University Medical Center. The camus is home to the IMTEK (Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Department of Microsystems Engineering) and the Department of Computer Science. By having added the Faculty for Applied Sciences, the University of Freiburg has become the first classical university which combines traditional disciplines with microsystems technologies.
The University Medical Center Freiburg (Universitätsklinikum Freiburg) is one of Germany's largest medical centers. Overview The University Medical Center Freiburg (Universitätsklinikum Freiburg is one of the largest medical centers in Germany as well as one of the most It boasts 1,600 beds and handles 55,000 in-patients a year, with another 357,000 being treated ambulatorily. It consists of 13 specialized clinics, 5 clinical institutes, and 5 centers (e. g. Center for Transplantation Medicine). Many of the University Medical Center's achievements are ground-breaking, such as the first implantation of an artificial heart Jarvik 2000 (2002) and so help to make the university clinic one of Germany's most distinguished.
Most recently, the University of Freiburg purchased a large historic villa in the picturesque Freiburg district of Herdern, which will house part of the literature and linguistics as well as history departments of the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS). Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS was founded at the University of Freiburg in Freiburg, Germany, in 2008
Today, the university has a student population of around 20,700, including both undergraduate and graduate students. Approximately 16% of these students are foreigners and have come to Freiburg from over 120 different countries. As the University of Freiburg is highly popular among students, admission can be very competitive. The selectivity largely depends on the faculty and program applied for and is strictly merit based, with the average score on the German Abitur playing an important role. Abitur (from Latin abire = go away go off is a designation used in Germany and Finland for final exams that young adults take at the end of The medical, law, and biology faculties are particularly selective in their admissions and maintain a high numerus clausus. The University of Freiburg Faculty of Medicine is the medical school and biomedical research unit of the University of Freiburg. Numerus clausus ("closed number" in Latin) is one of many methods used to limit the number of Students who may study at a University
The University of Freiburg offers a large variety of top-ranking undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral degree programs at its eleven faculties. In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. A postdoctoral fellow (colloquially " post-doc " is a temporary research position held by a person who has completed his or her doctoral studies 140 fields of study are offered, for a complete list, see the Student Portal at the university website.
As common among German universities, the academic year consists of a summer and winter semester. The winter semester runs from October 1 to March 31, while the summer semester runs from April 1 to September 30. However, lectures and classes usually do not run for the full duration of these times and allow for semester breaks in spring and fall.
German universities enjoy substantial government subsidies, so tuition fees are very moderate. The University of Freiburg charges EUR 1210 per year for all undergraduate and most graduate and doctoral programs, regardless of EU or non-EU citizenship of students.
The mission statement of the university highlights its dedication to providing oustanding education: "The university’s leading position in research is simultaneously the basis for an excellent education, which makes the University of Freiburg one of the most attractive academic centers in Europe; its graduates have high recruitment potential as the elite of the academic, economic, and political world of the future. " 
There are numerous student clubs and organizations, among them a student-run radio station (echo-fm ) and a student television program, alma* , which is also available as a podcast. Due to the proximity to the French and Swiss borders and the idyllic location in the Black Forest, Freiburg offers plenty of leisure and outdoor activities. For the suburb of Adelaide, please see Black Forest South Australia; for the CDP in Colorado, please see Black Forest Colorado. The university also owns a retreat on the near Schauinsland Mountain, where such greats as Martin Heidegger have already enjoyed the tranquil environment. thumb|Winter on Schauinsland famous "Windbuchen" ([[beech]]es bent by the wind Schauinsland (literally "look into the country" near Freiburg Martin Heidegger ( September 26, 1889 &ndash May 26, 1976) (ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪ̯dɛgɐ was an influential German philosopher
To assist the student's transition into professional life and help ensure excellent job opportunities, the University of Freiburg has its own career center, recently singled out as one of the best in Germany by the Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft.
Today, there are about 430 professors, 3,695 scientific employees and 8,644 non-scientific employees working for the Albert Ludwigs University, making it Freiburg's and the region's biggest employer. The university's reputation attracts world-class professors and researchers to Freiburg, leading to an excellent position in the 2005 Humboldt Ranking, which measures the number of research stays by foreign fellows and award winners sponsored by the Humboldt Foundation. The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (in German Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung) is a foundation of the German government for the promotion of international cooperation Freiburg achieved a particularly high rank in the life sciences, finishing second.
A further testimony to the attraction Freiburg exercises upon researchers, 17 Nobel laureates are affiliated with the University of Freiburg and 11 scientists were honored with the highest German research prize, the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize, while working at the University of Freiburg. The following list provides information on nobel laureates and their affiliation to academic institutions. The Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize (complete German title de "Förderpreis für deutsche Wissenschaftler im [[Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz]]-Programm der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft"
In university rankings of German magazines and periodicals (Der Spiegel, Zeit, Focus, etc. Der Spiegel (pronounced /deːɐ ˈʃpiːɡəl/ German for "The Mirror" is a German weekly Magazine, published in Hamburg , ) the University of Freiburg has established itself as one of Germany's top universities . The faculties for law, medicine  , history, English studies, biology, and pharmacology achieve especially high scores.
The European Commission compiled a list of the 22 European universities with the highest scientific impact  (measured in terms of the impact factor of their scientific output), taking several years of specialist effort to evaluate. The ranking focuses on the scientific quality of an institution, as opposed to its size or perceived prestige. The University of Freiburg ranked 6th highest in Europe and 2nd highest in Germany.
In the Academic Ranking of World Universities by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, despite the methodology of the ranking favoring anglophone universities, the University of Freiburg ranks among the top 100 universities of the world, finishing ahead of renowned US institutions such as Dartmouth College, the University of Virginia, Tufts University, Emory University, or Georgetown University. The Academic Ranking of World Universities is compiled by Shanghai Jiao Tong University ’s Institute of Higher Education and includes major institutes of higher education ranked Shanghai Jiao Tong University ( abbreviated Jiao Da (交大 or SJTU) located in Shanghai, is one of the oldest and most influential universities Dartmouth College ( is a private, Coeducational University located in Hanover, New Hampshire, U The University of Virginia (also called UVa, UVA, Mr Jefferson's University, or The University) is a highly selective public research Emory University is a Private university located in the metropolitan area of the city of Atlanta and in western unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgetown University is a Jesuit Private university located in Georgetown Washington D
The Alberto-Ludoviciana again demonstrated its position as a leading university during the Excellence Initiative by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (Germany) and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, which intends to improve German university funding and create a group of internationally visible Universities of Excellence. BMBF redirects here It can also refer to the British Mountain Bike Federation. The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (abbreviated DFG, German Research Foundation in English) is an important German research funding organization The University of Freiburg received funding for the new graduate school Spemann Graduate School of Biology and Medicine, the excellence cluster Centre for Biological Signalling Studies, and was selected for funding at the highest level of the Excellence Initiative, making Freiburg one of nine elite universities in Germany. The university will be able to realize its concept for the future, called "Windows for Research", which aims to promote a high level of interdisciplinarity between the research fields and attract scientists from all over the world. The University of Freiburg has founded a Freiburg Institute of Advanced Studies (FRIAS) with four main schools: School of Historical Studies, School of Language and Literature, School of Life Sciences, and School of Soft Matter Science and Functional Systems. Members of this institute will be top researchers of international renown to be invited as fellows.
After having selected three "elite universities" in the first round in 2006, the Excellence Initiative jury announced on October 19, 2007 that they had chosen a further six elite universities in the second round which will receive funding for their future concepts. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. This increases the number of future concepts funded to a total of nine. As one of the institutions selected, the University of Freiburg can now refer to itself as a University of Excellence and look forward to over EUR 130 million in extra funds over the next five years. (, )
In 2007, the Albert Ludwigs University celebrates its 550th anniversary. Speakers at the festivities included: President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, Federal Minister of Education and Research, Annette Schavan, and Minister-President of the State of Baden-Württemberg, Günther Oettinger. The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union. José Manuel Durão Barroso (ʒuˈzɛ mɐnuˈɛɫ duˈɾɐ̃ũ bɐˈʁozu born 23 March 1956 is the 12th President of the European Commission. BMBF redirects here It can also refer to the British Mountain Bike Federation. (born June 10, 1955 in Jüchen) is a German politician ( CDU) A minister-president (Ministerpräsident is the Head of government in a number of European countries or subnational governments who presides over the council of ministers Baden-Württemberg is one of the 16 states ( Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany. Günther Hermann Oettinger (born October 15 1953 in Stuttgart) is a German politician from the Christian Democratic Union (CDU
The moot court team of the Faculty of Law won the Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot, a prestigious international moot court competition, for the second time in 2007. The Willem C Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot is a prestigious annual international Moot court competition held in Vienna, Austria
The genetically engineered golden rice was developed by the University of Freiburg and the ETH Zurich from 1992 to 2000. Golden rice is a variety of Rice ( Oryza sativa) produced through Genetic engineering to biosynthesize Beta-carotene, a precursor of It was considered a breakthrough in biotechnology at the time of the publication and now helps to provide people with vitamin A in areas with a dietary lack thereof.
The university's humanoid robot team (NimbRo)  of the Faculty for Applied Sciences regularly competes very successfully in international tournaments. Team NimbRo are the currently reigning world champions in the TeenSize and KidSize categories of the humanoid league.
When the former rector Prof. Dr. Jäger retired in 2008, the law professor Prof. Dr. Andreas Voßkuhle was chosen as his successor. However, shortly after the begin of his term, the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) nominated Voßkuhle as vice-president of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany. The Federal Constitutional Court (in German: Bundesverfassungsgericht BVerfG) is a special Court established by the Basic Law for the Federal Republic Voßkuhle accepted the nomination and was subsequently elected into office, assuming his seat in May, 2008. Until further notice, the vice-rector Prof. Dr. Hans-Jochen Schiewer will assume the duties of rector.
The university is headed by a rector and divided into 11 faculties:
|Faculty of Theology||Website|
|Faculty of Law||Website|
|Faculty of Medicine||Website|
|Faculty of Economics and Behavioural Sciences||Website|
|Faculty of Philology||Website|
|Faculty of Philosophy (history, sociology, etc. The word rector ("ruler" from the Latin regere and Rector meaning "Teacher" In Latin has a number of different meanings but all of them indicate an academic Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society The University of Freiburg Faculty of Medicine is the medical school and biomedical research unit of the University of Freiburg. Economics is the social science that studies the production distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Psychology (from Greek grc ψῡχή psȳkhē, "breath life soul" and grc -λογία -logia) is an Academic and See Comparative linguistics for the narrower field of "comparative philology" Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology Sociology (from Latin: socius "companion" and the suffix -ology "the study of" from Greek λόγος lógos "knowledge" )||Website|
|Faculty of Mathematics and Physics||Website|
|Faculty of Chemistry, Pharmacy and Geo-sciences||Website|
|Faculty of Biology||Website|
|Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Sciences||Website|
|Faculty of Applied Sciences (MEMS, computer science)||Website|
The University of Freiburg and its faculties offers many opportunities for excellent graduate education and research. Mathematics is the body of Knowledge and Academic discipline that studies such concepts as Quantity, Structure, Space and Physics (Greek Physis - φύσις in everyday terms is the Science of Matter and its motion. Chemistry (from Egyptian kēme (chem meaning "earth") is the Science concerned with the composition structure and properties Pharmacy (from the Greek φάρμακον 'pharmakon' = drug is the Health profession that links the Health sciences with the chemical sciences Earth science (also known as geoscience, the geosciences or the Earth Sciences) is an all-embracing term for the Sciences related to the planet Foundations of modern biology There are five unifying principles Forestry is the Art and Science of managing forests tree Plantations and related Natural resources. Environmental science is the study of interactions among physical chemical and biological components of the environment. For the song by 311, see Grassroots. Applied science is the application of knowledge from one or more natural scientific Microelectromechanical systems ( MEMS) is the technology of the very small and merges at the nano-scale into Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS and Nanotechnology Computer science (or computing science) is the study and the Science of the theoretical foundations of Information and Computation and their In an evaluation of European graduate programs conducted by the Centrum für Hochschulentwicklung, a German think tank for higher education, Freiburg University ranked in the excellence or top group for all subject fields examined. , 
Among the projects funded by the German Excellence Initiative, the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS) stands out in particular. Designed to be an incubator for young researchers, it will offer numerous possibilities for graduate and post-graduate research.
Apart from the many graduate programs of its faculties, Freiburg has set up additional specialized graduate schools and graduate research centers, coordinated by the newly founded International Graduate Academy (IGA) Freiburg to help promote top-level research and ensure excellent future prospects for graduates. Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS was founded at the University of Freiburg in Freiburg, Germany, in 2008 Following special graduate schools and graduate research centers are available, next to the faculties' own graduate possibilities:
|Spemann Graduate School of Biology and Medicine (SGBM)||Website|
|European Cultures and Intercultural Networking||Website|
|Theology and Religious Studies||Website|
|Hermann Paul School of Language Sciences|
|Biochemistry of Enzymes||Website|
|Friends, Patrons, Clients||Website|
|Formation and Development of Present-Day Landscapes||Website|
|Mathematical Logics and Applications||Website|
|Mechanisms of Neuronal Signal Transduction||Website|
|Catalysts and Catalytic Reactions for Organic Synthesis (in cooperation with the University of Basel)||Website|
|Hadron Collider Physics||Website|
|From Cells to Organs: Molecular Mechanisms of Organogenesis||Website|
|Signal Systems in Model Organisms of Plant Origin||Website|
|Micro Energy Harvesting||Website|
|PhD program Computational Neuroscience at the Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience Freiburg||Website|
The university also operates joint graduate schools with the Max Planck Society. The University of Basel (German Universität Basel) is located at Basel, Switzerland. The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e
|International Max Planck Research School for Molecular and Cellular Biology||Website|
|International Max Planck Research School on Retaliation, Mediation and Punishment||Website|
|International Max Planck Research School for Comparative Criminal Law||Website|
The University is part of the regional EUCOR federation with Karlsruhe, Basel, Mulhouse and Strasbourg, the League of European Research Universities, the European University Association, ASEA-Uninet, AC21, and the International Forum of Public Universities (IFPU). The International Max Planck Research School for Molecular and Cellular Biology ( IMPRS-MCB) is an international PhD program in Molecular biology and The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e Karlsruhe (ˈkaɐ̯lsʁuːə population 285812 in 2006 is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near The University of Basel (German Universität Basel) is located at Basel, Switzerland. Mulhouse (Mulhouse myluz Alsatian: Milhüsa or Milhüse, pronounced; Mülhausen i Strasbourg (Strasbourg stʁazbuʁ Alsatian: Strossburi,; Straßburg) is the capital and principal City of the Alsace région According to its Mission statement, the League of European Research Universities ( LERU) is "a group of European research-intensive universities See also EURODOC ESIB ENQA EAIE Additionally, the University of Freiburg has exchange agreements and cooperations with renowned universities on almost every continent.
There are numerous scientific institutions located in Freiburg, which also cooperate with the university, adding on to the formidable scientific repertoire of Freiburg.
They include, among others:
With its long tradition of excellence in science and research, the University of Freiburg has been home to some of the greatest minds. The Leibniz-Gemeinschaft (complete title Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. The Max Planck Institute for Immunobiology is a research institute of the Max Planck Society located in Freiburg, Germany The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e The Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (Max Planck Institut für Chemie - Otto Hahn Institut is a scientific research institute under the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is a German research organization with 58 institutes spread throughout Germany each focusing on different fields of applied The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is a German research organization with 58 institutes spread throughout Germany each focusing on different fields of applied The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is a German research organization with 58 institutes spread throughout Germany each focusing on different fields of applied The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is a German research organization with 58 institutes spread throughout Germany each focusing on different fields of applied The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is a German research organization with 58 institutes spread throughout Germany each focusing on different fields of applied Among them are Hannah Arendt, Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Paul Ehrlich, Hans Adolf Krebs, Hans Spemann, and Friedrich August von Hayek, to name but a few. Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (ˈhʊsɛrl April 8 1859 – April 26 1938) was a philosopher, known as the father of Martin Heidegger ( September 26, 1889 &ndash May 26, 1976) (ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪ̯dɛgɐ was an influential German philosopher Paul Ehrlich ( March 14, 1854 &ndash August 20, 1915) was a German Scientist who won the 1908 Nobel Hans Adolf Krebs ( August 25, 1900 – November 22, 1981) was a German, later British Medical doctor and Hans Spemann ( June 27, 1869 &ndash September 9, 1941) was a German embryologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize Friedrich August von Hayek CH ( May 8, 1899 March 23, 1992) was an Austrian British Economist
Among the distinguished affiliates, there are numerous Nobel laureates and Leibniz Prize winners. The following list provides information on nobel laureates and their affiliation to academic institutions. The Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize (complete German title de "Förderpreis für deutsche Wissenschaftler im [[Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz]]-Programm der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft"
For a complete list of notable alumni and professors, see: People associated with the University of Freiburg