|University of Fort Hare|
|Motto:||In lumine tuo videbimus lumen (In Thy light we shall see the light)|
|Vice-Chancellor:||DR M Tom|
|Location:||Alice, Eastern Cape, South Africa|
Fort Hare University in South Africa was a key institution in higher education for black Africans from 1916 to 1959. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group The date of establishment or date of founding of an Institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year A public university is a University that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government as opposed to private universities. A Vice-Chancellor (commonly called the VC) of a University in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, New Zealand, The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation Verb "studēre" Alice, a town in South Africa, is named after Princess Alice, daughter of the British Queen Victoria. The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa It offered a Western-style, academically excellent education to students from across sub-Saharan Africa, creating a black African elite. Sub-Saharan Africa is a geographical term used to describe the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara, or those African countries Fort Hare alumni were part of many subsequent independence movements and governments of newly independent African countries.
In 1959, the university was subsumed by the apartheid system, but it is now part of South Africa's post-apartheid education system. The University is located on the Tyhume river, in a town known as Alice in English and eDikeni in Xhosa language. Alice, a town in South Africa, is named after Princess Alice, daughter of the British Queen Victoria. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Xhosa (ˈkǁʰoːsa ( isiXhosa) is one of the Official languages of South Africa. It is in the Eastern Cape Province about 50 km west of King Williams Town (or eQonce) in a region that for a while was known as the "independent" Bantustan of Ciskei. The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho. King William's Town, a town of South Africa, in the Eastern Cape province and on the Buffalo River, 50 kilometers (42 miles by rail or about 40 minutes' A bantustan or more commonly black african homeland or simply homeland, was territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South-West Ciskei was a Bantustan in the south east of South Africa. It consisted of two separate blocks of land covering 2970 square miles (7700 km³ almost entirely
Originally, Fort Hare was a British fort in the wars between British and the Xhosa of the 19th century. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Fortifications are Military Constructions and Buildings designed for defense in Warfare Humans have constructed defensive works for See also Xhosa language The Xhosa (ǁʰɔsɑ( people are speakers of Bantu languages living in south-east South Africa, and in the last two Some of the ruins of the fort are still visible today. Missionary activity (James Stewart) led to the creation of a school for missionaries from which at the beginning of the 20th century the university resulted. A missionary is a member of a Religion who works to convert those who do not share the missionary's faith someone who proselytizes. A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects In accord with its Christian principles, fees are minimal and heavily subsidised. Several scholarships were also available for indigent students.
Fort Hare is one of the oldest universities in southern Africa, and was the first Western-style tertiary education institution in the whole continent to be open to non-white students. The term Western world, the West or the Occident ( Latin: occidens -sunset -west as distinct from the Orient) can have multiple meanings Higher education is Education that is provided by universities, vocational universities, Community colleges Liberal arts colleges (African madrasahs have been teaching Islam and other subjects, at a scholarly level, to all races since the 9th century. "Madrasa" and "Medrese" redirect here For the village in Azerbaijan see Mədrəsə. ) The university claims many famous alumni, including some who were expelled for protests during the period of white minority rule and never graduated. A dominant minority, also known as alien elites if they are recent immigrants is a group that has overwhelming political, economic or Cultural Graduation is the action of receiving or conferring an Academic degree or the associated ceremony Thus the list of so-called alumni as shown below also includes attendees.
In the struggle years there was much anti-apartheid activity, including the Black Consciousness Movement of Steve Biko. The Black Consciousness Movement ( BCM was a Grassroots anti- Apartheid activist movement that emerged in South Africa in the mid-1960s out of Stephen Bantu Biko December 1946 &ndash 12 September 1977 was a noted anti-[[apartheid] activist in South Africa in the 1960s and early A few students became politically active and opposed the apartheid authorities who enjoyed the unqualified support of the Fort Hare authorities since it became a University in 1972.
Many forces have interacted in the Eastern Cape. The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho. Incoming Afrikaners and British met with Xhosa-speakers in the eighteenth century, and the long process of conflict, followed by the subordination and expropriation of the indigenous people, took place over more that one hundred years. The term Afrikaner people refers to white Afrikaans -speaking people who have been established in Southern Africa since the 17th century and are mainly of northwestern An important British base at this time, named after a military officer, was Fort Hare, near which grew the small town of Alice.
The process of colonization and expropriation was paradoxical. Colonisation (also known as Colonization) occurs whenever any one or more species populates a new area Brutal military conquest, and integration of the population into the colonial economy, was accompanied by the spread of Christianity. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings The missionaries who carried the new ideas were themselves part of colonial expansion, but brought with them a creed which was taken by Africans and forged into a tool for grappling with the challenges of the colonial world. The South African Native College, later the University of Fort Hare, was, ironically, founded in 1916 on the site of the earlier British military stronghold. The College originated from the sometimes uneasy alliance between the new class of educated African Christians, supported by a number of traditional Southern African leaders, and early twentieth-century white liberals, many of them clergy. Liberalism is a broad array of related ideas and theories of Government that consider individual Liberty to be the most important political goal Clergy is the generic term used to describe the formal religious leadership within a given Religion.
The religious tradition at the heart of Fort Hare’s origin, shared by black and white, stood at its best for ‘plain living and high thinking’, and for education that was undeniably Eurocentric. Eurocentrism is the practice of viewing the world from a European perspective with an implied belief either consciously or subconsciously in the preeminence of European (and But it did not make the assumption, central to the Bantu Education implemented in South Africa from the 1950s, that black Africans required and deserve a different, inferior education.
Fort Hare produced graduates, from South Africa and as far north as Kenya and Uganda, who knew they were as good as the best. The Republic of Kenya is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the north Somalia to the northeast Tanzania to the south The Republic of Uganda is a Landlocked country in East Africa. Many went on to prominent careers in fields as diverse as politics, medicine, literature and art. Politics Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter Art refers to a diverse range of Human activities creations and expressions that are appealing to the Senses or Emotions of a human individual Some politically-active alumni like Oliver Tambo, Nelson Mandela, Govan Mbeki, Robert Sobukwe and Mangosuthu Buthelezi in South Africa, Robert Mugabe and Herbert Chitepo in Zimbabwe, and Elius Mathu and Charles Njonjo in Kenya, are well known. Oliver Reginald Tambo ( 27 October 1917 - 24 April 1993) was a South African anti- Apartheid politician and a central figure Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (xolíɬaɬa mandéːla born 18 July 1918 is a former President of South Africa, the first to be elected in fully representative Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa Mbeki ( 9 July 1910 - 30 August 2001) was a South African Politician, and father of the former Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe ( 5 December 1924; 27 February 1978 was a South African Political dissident, who founded the Pan Africanist Inkosi Mangosuthu ("Gatsha" Ashpenaz Nathan Buthelezi (born August 27, 1928) is a South African Zulu leader and leader of the The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa Herbert Wiltshire Chitepo ( 15 June, 1923 &ndash 18 March, 1975) led the Zimbabwe African National Union until the Central See also Great Zimbabwe National Monument. For information about the March and June 2008 presidential elections see Zimbabwean presidential election Charles Mugane Njonjo (born 1920 is a former Kenyan Attorney General (1963 &ndash 1979 and Minister for Constitutional Affairs (1980 &ndash 1983 The Republic of Kenya is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the north Somalia to the northeast Tanzania to the south But, to name examples, there are also, from South Africa, the poet Dennis Brutus, the Drum journalist Can Themba, the sculptor and painter Ernest Mancoba and the Xhosa author and scholar Archibald Campbell Jordan. Dennis Vincent Brutus (born November 28, 1924, Salisbury Rhodesia) is a South African Poet. Daniel Canodoise Themba, (1942 – 1968 better known as Can Themba was a South African short-story Author. Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e Archibald Campbell Mzolisa Jordan ( 30 October 1906 - 1968 was a Novelist, Literary historian and intellectual pioneer of African studies The first black Zimbabwean medical doctor, Tichafa Samuel Parirenyatwa, and the historian, novelist and politician Stanlake Samkange, were among the many non-South Africans who spent formative years at Fort Hare. Stanlake John William Thompson Samkange (1922–1988 was a Zimbabwean Historiographer, Educationist, Journalist, Author, and
Though Fort Hare operated in an environment of racial segregation even before apartheid, the college contained the seeds of a more tolerant South Africa. It was as racially inclusive as it could be at the time, with Black, Coloured and Indian students; it had men and women students from the beginning; its mainly White staff included black academics like ZK Matthews and DDT Jabavu; students’ home languages ranged through Xhosa, Sotho, Zulu, Afrikaans and many others. The term black people usually refers to a racial group of Humans with dark Skin color, but the term has also been used to categorise a number of diverse In the South African Namibian Zambian Botswanan and Zimbabwean context the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country White People is the second album by Handsome Boy Modeling School. See also Xhosa language The Xhosa (ǁʰɔsɑ( people are speakers of Bantu languages living in south-east South Africa, and in the last two The Zulu ( IsiZulu: amaZulu) are the largest South African ethnic group of an estimated 10-11 million people who live mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal Afrikaans is an Indo-European language, derived from 17th century Dutch and classified as Low Franconian Germanic, mainly spoken in
The takeover of the college in 1959-60 by the National Party government put an end to these achievements. The National Party ( Afrikaans: Nasionale Party) (with its members sometimes known as Nationalists or Nats) was the governing party of Fort Hare was transformed into an ethnic college for Xhosa speakers. Outspoken staff members were expelled and a new administration, conspicuously loyal to the government and intent on imposing its world-view, was installed. The campus grew over the next three decades, and student numbers rose, but Fort Hare was reduced to the level of “Bush Colleges’ that the government proceeded to institute in many homelands. In a parody of true academic maturity, Fort Hare became in 1970, self-governing and ‘independent’. With the creation of Ciskei in 1980, Fort Hare became the university of a microstate, recognized only by its fellow Bantustans and by South Africa’s minority government, a marked decline from its previous status as the greatest centre of black higher education in Southern and Eastern Africa. Ciskei was a Bantustan in the south east of South Africa. It consisted of two separate blocks of land covering 2970 square miles (7700 km³ almost entirely A bantustan or more commonly black african homeland or simply homeland, was territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South-West
The values and traditions of Fort Hare were embattled after 1960. The apartheid state made a determined attack upon the institution and did immense damage. However, some continuities of its unique and proud historical traditions of non-racism, critical debate and aspiration towards educational excellence were never eliminated and these are now being nurtured and built upon
The tradition survived, firstly, amongst the students and a small but growing number of progressive academics. Many rejected the attempt to turn Fort Hare into an ethnic institution, and from various directions – political, religious and cultural – kept alive a spirit of opposition. In the 1960s various African National Congress and Pan Africanist Congress aligned organizations emerged and were quickly suppressed. The African National Congress (ANC has been South Africa 's governing party supported by its Tripartite alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions The Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (once known as the Pan Africanist Congress, abbreviated as the PAC was a South African liberation movement that Subsequently, Fort Hare became a stronghold of the Black Consciousness oriented South African Students’ Organisation. Later still, there were constant protests by students, brutally suppressed, against the Ciskei homeland regime.
The tradition survived, also, in the affection and loyalty of people towards Fort Hare, and, when the opportunity arose after 1990 when the apartheid-era administration was expelled, opted to work here. These included Sibusiso Bengu, the first black Vice Chancellor of the new dispensation, later Minister of Education and currently the University Chancellor; Makhenkesi Stofile, the Minister of Sport and Recreation; and Sipho Pityana, Registrar in the early 1990’s. Sibusiso Mandlenkosi Emmanuel Bengu (b 8 May 1934) is a prominent South African Politician. Makhenkesi Arnold Stofile (born 27 December 1944) is currently South Africa 's Minister of Sport and Recreation. It survived in the creation of a new Pan-Africanism and internationalism, with learners from Zimbabwe to Eritrea, and staff from all over Africa and the world. See also Great Zimbabwe National Monument. For information about the March and June 2008 presidential elections see Zimbabwean presidential election Eritrea () ( Ge'ez: ኤርትራ ʾErtrā, Arabic: إرتريا Iritriya) officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Many came because they knew of Fort Hare’s historical reputation and wanted to contribute to its newfound opportunities towards renaissance. It survives in the remarkable archival records at Fort Hare, made up of the papers of the ANC and other liberation movements in exile. The African National Congress (ANC has been South Africa 's governing party supported by its Tripartite alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions The archives of the university itself record an extraordinary and sustained educational achievement, forming a corporate memory now being made accessible to scholars.
This tradition survived especially notably in the University’s determination, under dynamic new leadership since 1999, to pull back from the brink of institutional collapse, to refute any misconceived national attempt at higher education rationalization that would cause it to fade away or disallow its distinctive voice to be heard. To contemporary Fort Hare, it is important to acknowledge, record and question its history, and to extract the most liberating, enriching and valuable elements from its history as building blocks towards a radically modernized institution. In the process it is building on the real strengths of its historical inheritance, geographical locations, stakeholder constituencies and committed workforce, and does not rely on a nostalgic invocation of previous glory.
The university is redefining its role as the producer and disseminator of new knowledge, particularly focusing on its central place in the reshaping of post apartheid South Africa, and repositioning itself as empowerment agent in the political, economic, cultural and social revolution that is unfolding in the subcontinent and beyond. Its curriculum and research agenda is being tuned to resonate with the contextual social renaissance, both by stimulating it and by being responsive to it. At the same time it is utterly conscious of the need to engage and partner with the surrounding communities and region in a serving capacity and to extend into society at large through interesting new interconnections.
Following a decision by the Ministry of Education, the university has, since January 2004, been incorporating and integrating a new campus in the city of East London, formerly of Rhodes University, into UFH. Rhodes University is a university in South Africa named after Cecil Rhodes. This significant development in a new larger operating environment presents significant challenges as well as a set of strategic opportunities for the calculated expansion of UFH into new markets, enabling it to play a stimulating and catalytic role in the development of the city. Hence it is strategically planning to grow and develop programmes in a much wider student market and is re-profiling Fort Hare across the three campuses in Alice, Bhisho and East London. Bhisho, formerly known as Bisho, is the capital of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. As the backbone to a new academic system, five new Faculties were being established in 2005-6. A faculty is a division within a University. The concept of a university with different faculties for different subjects dates back to Al-Azhar University, which had Over the next period significant expansion in the portfolio of academic and strategic programmes are foreseen.
The University of Fort Hare is indeed more determined than ever before to be a worthy builder on its distinctive and illustrious past.
The programme launched by Prof. Swartz was the UFH Strategic Plan 2000. The plan was meant to address the universities financial situation and academic quality standards simultaneously. The focus of the university was narrowed and consequently 5 faculties remained:
Further narrowing the focus, 14 institutes have been founded to deal with specific issues, such as the UNESCO Oliver Tambo Chair of Human Rights. Through their location the institutes have excellent access to poor rural areas, and consequently emphasis is placed on the role of research in improving quality of life and economic growth (and especially sustainable job creation). Among the outreach programmes, the Telkom Centre of Excellence maintains a "living laboratory" of 4 schools at Dwesa on the Wild Coast, which have introduced computer labs and internet access to areas that until 2005 did not even have electricity. The projects at Dwesa focus research on Information and Communication for Development (ICD). Icsjpg|thumb| Inveneo Computing Station]] Information and Communication Technologies for Development ( ICT4D) is a general term referring to the application of
|Name||DoB - DoD||Notes|
|Z.K. Mathews||1901–1968||Lectured at Fort Hare from 1936 to 1959|
|Archibald Campbell Jordan||30 October 1906–1968||Novelist, pioneer of African studies|
|Govan Mbeki||1910–2001||South African politician|
|Yusuf Lule||1912–1985||Interim president of Uganda 1979|
|Cedric Phatudi||1912–1987||Chief Minister of Lebowa 1972–1987|
|Kaiser Matanzima||1915–2003||President of bantustan Transkei|
|Oliver Tambo||October 27, 1917 - April 24, 1993||member, African National Congress- Expelled while doing his second degree. Zachariah Keodirelang "ZK" Matthews (1901 - May 1968 was a prominent black academic in South Africa lecturing at Fort Hare University, where many future leaders of Archibald Campbell Mzolisa Jordan ( 30 October 1906 - 1968 was a Novelist, Literary historian and intellectual pioneer of African studies Events 637 - Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge. Year 1906 ( MCMVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa Mbeki ( 9 July 1910 - 30 August 2001) was a South African Politician, and father of the former Yusuf Kironde Lule ( 1912 - January 21, 1985) was provisional President of Uganda between 13 April and 20 June 1979 The Republic of Uganda is a Landlocked country in East Africa. Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) Cedric Namedi Phatudi ( 27 May 1912 - 7 October 1987) was the Chief Minister of Lebowa, one of the controversial South African Lebowa was a Bantustan located in the Transvaal in north eastern South Africa. Kaiser Daliwonga Matanzima ( June 15 1915 - June 15 2003) was a former leader of the then- Bantustan of Transkei in List of the Heads of State of Transkei Political Affiliation TNIP - Transkei National Independence Party Oliver Reginald Tambo ( 27 October 1917 - 24 April 1993) was a South African anti- Apartheid politician and a central figure Events 312 - Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. Year 1917 ( MCMXVII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events 1479 BC - Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) The African National Congress (ANC has been South Africa 's governing party supported by its Tripartite alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions|
|Joshua Nkomo||1918 - July 1, 1999||Founder of the ZAPU. Joshua Mqabuko Nyongolo Nkomo ( June 19, 1917 &ndash July 1, 1999) was the leader and founder of the Zimbabwe African People's Union Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Zimbabwe African People's Union is a defunct militant Communist organization and political party that fought for the National liberation of Zimbabwe from|
|Nelson Mandela||July 18, 1918 -||Former President of South Africa- - Expelled and later graduated from the University of the Witwatersrand. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (xolíɬaɬa mandéːla born 18 July 1918 is a former President of South Africa, the first to be elected in fully representative Events 390 BC - Roman - Gaulish Wars Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa|
|Lionel Ngakane||July 17, 1920 - November 26, 2003||South African filmmaker|
|Seretse Khama||July 1, 1921 - July 13, 1980||First President of Botswana. Lionel Ngakane ( July 17, 1920 – November 26, 2003) was a South African Filmmaker. Events 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians Year 1920 ( MCMXX) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920 of the Gregorian calendar Events 43 BC - The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus ("Octavian" later "Caesar Augustus" Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Sir Seretse Khama KBE ( July 1 1921 July 13 1980) was the first President of Botswana. "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar Events 1174 - William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) The Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana is a Landlocked nation in Southern Africa. Later Sir Seretse Khama.|
|Julius Nyerere||July 19, 1922 - October 14, 1999||President of Tanzania|
|Herbert Chitepo||June 15, 1923 - March 18, 1975||ZANU leader|
|Robert Sobukwe||1924 - 27 February 1978||Founder of the Pan Africanist Congress|
|Robert Mugabe||February 21, 1924 -||President of Zimbabwe, attended 1949–1951|
|Kenneth Kaunda||April 28, 1924 -||First President of Zambia|
|Allan Hendrickse||October 22, 1927 - March 16, 2005||Politician, preacher, and teacher|
|Mangosuthu Buthelezi||August 27, 1928 -||Leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party - Never graduated but transferred to University of Natal to study History and Bantu Administration; graduated to become leader of KwaZulu Bantustan in apartheid South Africa|
|Desmond Tutu||October 7, 1931 -||Archbishop, South African peace activist, Chaplain at Fort Hare in 1960|
|Frank Mdlalose||29 November 1931 -||First premier of KwaZulu-Natal province|
|Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri||18 September 1937 -||Communications Minister, South Africa|
|Manto Tshabalala-Msimang||9 October 1940 -||Health Minister of South Africa|
|Chris Hani||June 28, 1942 - April 10, 1993||Leader of the South African Communist Party - Expelled, later graduated from Rhodes University. Julius Kambarage Nyerere ( April 13, 1922 - October 14, 1999) served as the first President of Tanzania and previously Tanganyika Events 711 - Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic. Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1066 - Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings - In England on Senlac Hill seven miles from Hastings, the forces Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Tanzania ˌtænzəˈniːə officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya Herbert Wiltshire Chitepo ( 15 June, 1923 &ndash 18 March, 1975) led the Zimbabwe African National Union until the Central Events 763 BC - Assyrians record a Solar eclipse that will be used to fix the Chronology of Mesopotamian history Year 1923 ( MCMXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius ' will and proclaims Caligula emperor Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Zimbabwe African National Union was a militant organization that fought against White minority rule in Rhodesia, formed as a split from the Zimbabwe African Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe ( 5 December 1924; 27 February 1978 was a South African Political dissident, who founded the Pan Africanist Year 1924 ( MCMXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1560 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) The Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (once known as the Pan Africanist Congress, abbreviated as the PAC was a South African liberation movement that Events 362 - Athanasius returns to Alexandria. 1245 - Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland Year 1924 ( MCMXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. See also Great Zimbabwe National Monument. For information about the March and June 2008 presidential elections see Zimbabwean presidential election Kenneth David Kaunda, commonly known as KK (born April 28, 1924) served as the first President of Zambia, from 1964 to 1991 Events 1192 - Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title Year 1924 ( MCMXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Helenard Joe Hendrickse (popularly known as Allan Hendrickse ( 22 October, 1927 - 16 March, 2005) was a South African politician preacher Events 202 BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus Year 1927 ( MCMXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 597 BC - Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Inkosi Mangosuthu ("Gatsha" Ashpenaz Nathan Buthelezi (born August 27, 1928) is a South African Zulu leader and leader of the Events 479 BC - Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Inkatha Freedom Party ( IFP) is a Political party in South Africa. The University of Natal was a university in Natal, and later KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. KwaZulu was a Bantustan in South Africa, intended by the Apartheid government as a semi-independent homeland for the Zulu people Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African Cleric and activist who rose to Worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent Events 3761 BC - The epoch (origin of the modern Hebrew calendar ( Proleptic Julian calendar) Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated Bishop. In the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion and others this means that they lead A peace activist is a Political activist who advocates for a peaceful resolution of political disputes Dr Frank Themba Mdlalose was the first premier of the newly renamed KwaZulu-Natal province in South Africa, after the African National Congress Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. This is a list of Premiers of KwaZulu-Natal Province: Note Acting Premier from 1 March 1997 to 19 March KwaZulu-Natal (kwɑːˌzuːluː nəˈtɑːl often referred to as " KZN " is a province of South Africa. Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri (born 18 September 1937) is a South African Politician and has been the country's Minister of Communications Events 96 - Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated Year 1937 ( MCMXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Dr Mantombazana Edmie Tshabalala-Msimang (born 9 October 1940 is a South African politician who is currently serving as Minister in the Presidency Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Chris Hani, born Martin Thembisile Hani ( June 28, 1942 &ndash April 10, 1993) was the leader of the South African Communist Events 1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul. Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 879 - Louis III becomes King of the Western Franks. 1407 - the lama Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) South African Communist Party ( SACP) is a Political party in South Africa. Rhodes University is a university in South Africa named after Cecil Rhodes.|
|Wiseman Nkuhlu||February 5, 1944 -||economic advisor to President Thabo Mbeki, Head of NEPAD|
|Makhenkesi Arnold Stofile||December 27, 1944 -||Sport Minister of South Africa|
|Sam Nolutshungu||April 15, 1945 - August 12, 1997||South African scholar|
|Nyameko Barney Pityana||August 7, 1945 -||lawyer and theologian|
|Bulelani Ngcuka||May 2, 1954 -||South Africa's former Director of Public Prosecutions|
|Loyiso Nongxa||1954-||Vice-Chancellor of the University of the Witwatersrand|
|Joseph Diescho||1955 -||Namibian novelist|
|John Hlophe||January 1, 1959 -||Judge President of the Cape Provincial Division of the High Court|
(Others, unknown DOB)
See also: List of universities in South Africa
|South African universities|
Cape Town | Fort Hare | Free State | KwaZulu-Natal | Limpopo | North-West
Pretoria | Rhodes | Stellenbosch | Western Cape | Witwatersrand