|The University of Chicago|
|Motto:||Crescat scientia; vita excolatur (Latin)|
|Motto in English:||Let knowledge grow from more to more; and so be human life enriched|
|Established:||1890 by John D. Rockefeller|
|Type:||Private nondenominational coeducational|
|Endowment:||US $6. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The date of establishment or date of founding of an Institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point John Davison Rockefeller ( July 8, 1839 &ndash May 23, 1937) was an American Industrialist and philanthropist Unlike Public universities, private universities generally do not receive direct operational funding from national or subnational governments and thus rely on private A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been 2 billion|
|Staff:||14,772 employees (includes Medical Center)|
|Campus:||Urban, 211 acres (850,000 m²)|
|Colors:||Maroon and White|
|Athletics:||NCAA Division III UAA|
The University of Chicago is a private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. University president is the title of the highest ranking officer within a University, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as Robert J Zimmer (born November 5 1947 is an American mathematician and academic administrator A faculty is a division within a University. The concept of a university with different faculties for different subjects dates back to Al-Azhar University, which had Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. The University of Chicago Medical Center forms a major center for medical care and research in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago Illinois. In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. See also Postgraduate Training in Education Postgraduate education (synonymous in North America with graduate education, and sometimes described Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. School colors are the Colors chosen by a School to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification The athletic nickname, or equivalently athletic moniker, of a University or College within the United States is the name officially adopted by The University of Chicago 's intercollegiate sports teams are called the Maroons (after the color) and they compete in the NCAA 's Division III The term mascot – defined as a term for any person animal or object thought to bring Luck – colloquially includes anything used to represent a group with a common The phoenix ( Ancient Greek: Φοῖνιξ phoínix is a mythical sacred firebird in ancient mythologies starting with the Greek and later the The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations Division III (or DIII) is a division of the National Collegiate Athletic Association of the United States. Member teams Former Member Conference facilities Sports The UAA sanctions competition in the following sports Men A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages Unlike Public universities, private universities generally do not receive direct operational funding from national or subnational governments and thus rely on private History (Hyde Park Paul Cornell a successful businessman real-estate speculator and Abolitionist, purchased of land between 51st and 55th Streets along the Lake Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. Founded by the oil magnate John D. Rockefeller, the University has traditionally dated its establishment to July 1, 1891, when William Rainey Harper became President and the first member of the faculty. John Davison Rockefeller ( July 8, 1839 &ndash May 23, 1937) was an American Industrialist and philanthropist "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common William Rainey Harper ( July 26, 1856 – January 10, 1906) was a noted academic who helped to organize the University of Chicago The University of Chicago held its first classes on October 1, 1892. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 1892 ( MDCCCXCII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year  Chicago was one of the first universities in the United States to be conceived as a combination of the American liberal arts college and the German research university. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Liberal arts colleges are primarily colleges with an emphasis upon Undergraduate study in the Liberal arts. A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects Notorious for its uniquely rigorous devotion to academic scholarship and intellectual life, the University of Chicago is sometimes jokingly referred to as the school "where fun goes to die. Intellectualism is any of a number of views regarding the use or development of the Intellect or the practice of being an Intellectual. "
Affiliated with 81 Nobel Prize laureates, the University of Chicago is widely regarded as one of the world's foremost universities. The Nobel Prize (Nobelpriset (Nobelprisen is a Swedish prize established in the 1895 will of Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel; it was first awarded in Peace, Literature Historically, the university is noted for the unique undergraduate core curriculum pioneered by Robert Hutchins in the 1930s, and for influential academic movements such as the Chicago school of economics, the Chicago school of sociology, and the law and economics movement in legal analysis. In formal education a curriculum (plural curricula) is the set of courses and their content offered at a School or University. Robert Maynard Hutchins ( January 17, 1899, Brooklyn New York – May 17, 1977, Santa Barbara California) husband of The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression. In Sociology and later Criminology, the Chicago School (sometimes described as the Ecological School) refers to the first major body of works emerging Law and Economics, or economic analysis of law is an approach to Legal theory that applies methods of Economics to law The University of Chicago was the site of the world's first man-made self-sustaining nuclear reaction. In Nuclear physics, a nuclear reaction is the process in which two nuclei or nuclear particles collide to produce products different from the initial particles It is also home to the Committee on Social Thought, an interdisciplinary graduate research program, and to the largest university press in the United States. The Committee on Social Thought, one of several PhD -granting committees at the University of Chicago, was started in 1941 by historian John U 
The University of Chicago is principally located seven miles (11 km) south of downtown Chicago, in the Hyde Park and Woodlawn neighborhoods. Population According to the 2000 Census, 16388 people live in the Loop History (Hyde Park Paul Cornell a successful businessman real-estate speculator and Abolitionist, purchased of land between 51st and 55th Streets along the Lake Demographics In the 1990 census Woodlawn had twenty seven thousand individuals living in ten thousand households The campus is bisected by Frederick Law Olmsted's Midway Plaisance, a large linear park created for the 1893 World's Fair. Frederick Law Olmsted ( April 25, 1822 &ndash August 28, 1903) was an American landscape designer and father of American The Midway Plaisance, also known locally as the Midway, is a mile-long linear Park on the South Side of the city of Chicago, Illinois The World's Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago World's Fair) a World's Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary While the bulk of the campus is located north of the Midway, some of the professional schools are located south of the Midway. The quadrangles of the main campus feature a botanical garden and neo-Gothic buildings constructed mostly out of limestone in the late 19th century. Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of Plants primarily to categorize and document for scientific purposes The Gothic Revival is an architectural movement which began Limestone is a Sedimentary rock composed largely of the Mineral Calcite ( Calcium carbonate: CaCO3 The tallest building is Rockefeller Chapel, designed by Bertram Goodhue. Rockefeller Chapel is by order the tallest building on the campus of the University of Chicago in Chicago Illinois. Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue ( April 28, 1869 &ndash April 23, 1924) was a renowned American Architect celebrated for his work in Buildings of the original quadrangles were deliberately patterned after the layouts of Oxford University and Cambridge University. The University of Oxford (informally "Oxford University" or simply "Oxford" located in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England is the The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University) located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the Mitchell Tower, for example, is a smaller-sized reproduction of Oxford's Magdalen Tower, and the University Commons, Hutchinson Hall, is a duplicate of Oxford's Christ Church Hall. Magdalen Great Tower is a Bell tower in Oxford, England. It is one of the oldest parts of Magdalen College Oxford, situated directly on Hutchinson Hall (aka Hutchinson Commons at the University of Chicago is modelled nearly identically on the hall of Christ Church, one of Oxford University's constituent Not to be confused with Christchurch, a city in New Zealand. Christ Church (Ædes Christi the temple or house of Christ and thus sometimes known as 
Contemporary buildings have attempted to complement the style of the original architecture. Notable examples include the Laird Bell Law Quadrangle by Eero Saarinen, the School of Social Service Administration by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and the Robie House by Frank Lloyd Wright. Eero Saarinen (eːro saːrinen (August 20 1910 Kirkkonummi, Finland – September 1 1961 Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States) was Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (ˈlʊdvɪç miːs faːn dɛʀ ˈʀoːɐ born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies ( March 27, 1886 &ndash August 17, 1969 The Frederick C Robie House or simply the Robie House is a US Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8 1867 &ndash April 9 1959 was an American (of Welsh descent Architect, Interior designer, Writer, and educator who The largest modern addition is the Regenstein Library, designed by architect Walter Netsch and constructed on the grounds of the former Stagg Field, the site of the world's first nuclear reaction. The Joseph Regenstein Library is the main Library of the University of Chicago, named after industrialist and philanthropist Joseph Regenstein. Walter Netsch ( February 23, 1920 - June 15, 2008) was an American Architect based in Chicago. Alonzo Stagg Field is the name of two different football fields for the University of Chicago. The Metallurgical Laboratory or "Met Lab" at the University of Chicago was part of the World War II –era Manhattan Project, created by the
The Hyde Park campus is also home to the Oriental Institute, an internationally renowned archeology museum and research center for ancient Near Eastern studies. The Oriental Institute ( OI) established in 1919, is the University of Chicago 's Archeology Museum and research center for ancient Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek grc ἀρχαιολογία archaiologia – grc ἀρχαῖος archaīos A museum is a "permanent institution in the service of society and of its development open to the public which acquires conserves researches communicates and exhibits the B Syria - Belka Woman from Damascus Arab from Baghdadjpg|thumb|Inhabitants of the Near East late nineteenth century The Institute is housed in an unusual Gothic and Art Deco building designed by the architectural firm Mayers Murray & Phillip. See also Gothic art Gothic architecture is a style of Architecture which flourished during the high and late medieval period. Art Deco was a popular international design movement from 1925 until 1939 affecting the decorative arts such as Architecture, Interior design, and Industrial The architectural firm of Mayers Murray & Phillip was the successor of Goodhue Associates after Bertram Goodhue 's unexpected death in 1924 The Museum has artifacts from digs in Egypt, Israel, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, and Iran. This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Syria ( سوريّة or) officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic ar الجمهورية العربية السورية Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. Notable possessions include the famous Megiddo Ivories, various treasures from Persepolis, the old Persian capital, a 40-ton human-headed winged lamassu from Khorsabad, the capital of Sargon II, and a monumental statue of King Tutankhamun. The Megiddo Ivories are thin carvings in ivory found at Tel Megiddo in modern-day Israel. Persepolis ( Old Persian: Pārsa, Modern Persian: تخت جمشید/پارسه Takht-e Jamshid or Chehel Minar) was the ceremonial For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. The Sumerian word lama, which is rendered in Akkadian as lamassu, refers to a beneficient protective female deity Dur-Sharrukin ("Fortress of Sargon" present day Khorsabad, was the Assyrian capital in the time of Sargon II of Assyria. Sargon II ( Akkadian Šarru-kinu "legitimate king" reigned 722 – 705 BC was an Assyrian king A statue is a Sculpture in the round representing a person or persons an animal or an event normally full-length as opposed to a bust, and at least close to life-size
Across the street from the Oriental Institute is the Seminary Co-op bookstore, located in the basement of the Chicago Theological Seminary. Seminary Cooperative Bookstores Inc is a Cooperative Bookstore with three branches in the Chicago area The Chicago Theological Seminary is an ecumenical Seminary of the United Church of Christ. The Co-op stocks the largest selection of academic volumes in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 
A recent two billion dollar campaign has brought unprecedented expansion to the campus, including the unveiling of the Max Palevsky Residential Commons, the Gerald Ratner Athletics Center, a new hospital and a new science building. The Max Palevsky Residential Commons is a dormitory on the University of Chicago campus The Gerald Ratner Athletics Center is a $51 million state-of-the-art athletics facility within the University of Chicago campus in the Hyde Park neighborhood The Jules and Gwen Knapp Center for Biomedical Discovery, a ten-story medical research center, as well as further additions to the medical campus are currently under construction.  In the next stage of its campaign, the university plans to revamp and consolidate residence halls, some of which are far from campus and aging poorly. A new residence hall south of the midway is expected to open in September 2009. 
The University of Chicago also maintains a number of facilities apart from its main campus. The university's Graduate School of Business maintains campuses in Singapore, London and in downtown Chicago, while the Paris Center, a campus located on the left bank of the River Seine in Paris, hosts various undergraduate and graduate study programs. The University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, also known as Chicago GSB, is one of the leading business schools in the world the second oldest in the Singapore London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The Seine (sɛn in French) is a slow flowing major River and commercial waterway within the regions of Île-de-France and Haute-Normandie Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city
The university's Yerkes Observatory, constructed in 1897 and located in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, is home to the largest refracting telescope ever built. Yerkes Observatory which calls itself "the birthplace of modern astrophysics" is an astronomical observatory operated by the University of Chicago in Williams Bay is a village in Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States. Here is a list of the largest optical Refracting telescopes sorted by lens diameter and focal length  Although Yerkes was never able to match the observation conditions afforded by the mountaintop location of its main competitor, the Lick Observatory, the telescope was a leader in astrophysics. The Lick Observatory is an astronomical Observatory, owned and operated by the University of California. Yerkes was the first telescope to determine the spiral structure of the Milky Way Galaxy and the first to observe carbon in stellar spectra. The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias sometimes referred to simply Astronomical spectroscopy is the technique of Spectroscopy used in Astronomy.
Much of the information below is adapted from the University of Chicago's official website.
The University of Chicago was founded by the American Baptist Education Society and oil magnate John D. Rockefeller, who later called it "the best investment I ever made. John Davison Rockefeller ( July 8, 1839 &ndash May 23, 1937) was an American Industrialist and philanthropist " The University's founding was part of a wave of university foundings that followed the American Civil War. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Incorporated in 1890, the University has dated its founding as July 1, 1891, when William Rainey Harper became its first president. "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common William Rainey Harper ( July 26, 1856 – January 10, 1906) was a noted academic who helped to organize the University of Chicago The first classes were held on October 1, 1892, with an enrollment of 594 students and a faculty of 120, including eight former college presidents. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 1892 ( MDCCCXCII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year  Earlier references to University of Chicago rise from the incorporation of the "first" University of Chicago — a school Senator Stephen A. Douglas started with an 1856 grant. 
Westward migration, population growth, and industrialization had led to an increasing need for elite schools away from the East Coast, especially schools that would focus on issues vital to national development. The East Coast of the United States, also known as the "Eastern Seaboard" or "Atlantic Seaboard" refers to the easternmost coastal states in the central and northern Though Rockefeller was urged to build in New England or the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, he ultimately chose Chicago. History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the His choice reflected his strong desire to realize Thomas Jefferson's dream of a natural meritocracy's rise to prominence, determined by talent rather than familial heritage. Thomas Jefferson (April 13 1743 – July 4 1826 was the third President of the United States (1801–1809 the principal author of the Declaration of Independence Rockefeller's early fiscal emphasis on the physics department showed his pragmatic, yet deeply intellectual, desires for the school.
Though founded under Baptist auspices, the University of Chicago has never had a sectarian affiliation. Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging to a Baptist church or a Baptist denomination. The school's traditions of rigorous scholarship were established primarily by Presidents William Rainey Harper and Robert Maynard Hutchins. William Rainey Harper ( July 26, 1856 – January 10, 1906) was a noted academic who helped to organize the University of Chicago Robert Maynard Hutchins ( January 17, 1899, Brooklyn New York – May 17, 1977, Santa Barbara California) husband of Chicago opened its door to women and minorities from the very beginning, a time when they seldom had access to other leading universities. It was the first major university to enroll women on an equal basis with men, as well as the first major, predominantly white university to offer a black professor a tenured position, in 1947. 
Unlike many other American universities at the time (with the notable exception of Johns Hopkins University), the University of Chicago revolved around a number of graduate research institutions, following Germanic precedent. Responsibility for German education system lies primarily with the states while the federal government only has a minor role The College of the University of Chicago remained quite small compared to its East Coast peers until around the middle of the 20th century. The College is the sole undergraduate institution and one of the oldest components of the University of Chicago, emerging contemporaneously with the university at large The East Coast of the United States, also known as the "Eastern Seaboard" or "Atlantic Seaboard" refers to the easternmost coastal states in the central and northern
As a result, the graduate population of the university dwarfs the undergraduate population 2:1 to this day, while the university's undergraduate student body remains the third smallest amongst the top 10 national universities. The student-to-faculty ratio is 4:1, one of the lowest amongst national universities, and all faculty members are required to teach undergraduate courses. 
During his presidency, Robert Maynard Hutchins met with the president of rival Northwestern University to discuss the future of the two institutions through the Depression and the looming war. Hutchins concluded that, in order to secure the future of both universities, it was in the best interest of both for the two campuses to merge as the "Universities of Chicago", with Northwestern's campus serving as the site for undergraduate education and the Hyde Park campus serving as the graduate studies campus. President Hutchins' vision for what he hoped would become the preeminent university in the world eventually faltered amidst opposition from several groups, most notably Northwestern’s medical faculty. Hutchins called the episode "one of the lost opportunities of American education. "
Starting in the 1930s, the university conducted a more successful experiment on the college. To make the university a preeminent undergraduate academic institution, administrators decided to implement President Hutchins' philosophy of Secular Perennialism. This led to the innovation of the common core, an educational strategy in which students read original source materials rather than textbooks, and discuss them in small groups using the Socratic method rather than a lecture approach. The common core is the University of Chicago 's implementation of the Great books program for its college. The Socratic Method (or Method of Elenchus or Socratic Debate) named after the Classical Greek philosopher Socrates, is a form of  The common core is still an important feature of Chicago's undergraduate education. In addition to pioneering this new undergraduate curriculum, the university took steps to eliminate "distractions" such as varsity sports, fraternities, and religious organizations. This attracted free-thinkers such as Carl Sagan and Kurt Vonnegut to the university. Freethought is a philosophical viewpoint that holds that Beliefs should be formed on the basis of Science and Logic and should not be influenced Carl Edward Sagan ( November 9 1934 &ndash December 20 1996) was an American Astronomer, astrochemist, author Kurt Vonnegut Jr (November 11 1922 – April 11 2007 (ˈvɒnəgət was a prolific and genre-bending American Novelist known for works blending Satire, Black The university succeeded in eliminating all varsity sports for 20 years and all but five fraternities (Alpha Delta Phi, Delta Upsilon, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta, and Psi Upsilon), although three of the eliminated fraternities were re-chartered in the 1980s (Alpha Epsilon Pi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, and Sigma Phi Epsilon).
In addition to its contributions to higher education, the University of Chicago made significant contributions to 20th century science. Higher education is Education that is provided by universities, vocational universities, Community colleges Liberal arts colleges In 1909 Professor Robert Millikan performed the historic oil-drop experiment in the Ryerson Physical Laboratory on the university campus. Robert Andrews Millikan (March 22 1868 – December 19 1953 was an American experimental physicist, and Nobel laureate in physics for his measurement The Purpose of Robert Millikan and Harvey Fletcher 's oil-drop experiment (1909 was to measure the Electric charge of the Electron  This experiment allowed Millikan to calculate the charge of an electron and paved the way for the theory of quantum mechanics in the 1940s. The electron is a fundamental Subatomic particle that was identified and assigned the negative charge in 1897 by J Quantum mechanics is the study of mechanical systems whose dimensions are close to the Atomic scale such as Molecules Atoms Electrons The American Physical Society now designates Ryerson Laboratory a historic physics site. 
As part of the Manhattan Project, University of Chicago chemists, led by Glenn T. Seaborg, began to study the newly manufactured radioactive element plutonium. The World War II Manhattan Project developed the first Nuclear weapon (atomic bomb Glenn Theodore Seaborg ( Glenn Teodor Sjöberg) ( April 19, 1912 &ndash February 25, 1999) won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry The George Herbert Jones Laboratory was the site where, for the first time, a trace quantity of this new element was isolated and measured in September 1942. The George Herbert Jones Laboratory, at 5747 S Ellis Avenue Chicago Illinois, is a facility building of the University of Chicago. This procedure enabled chemists to determine the new element's atomic weight. Room 405 of the building was named a National Historic Landmark in May 1967. A National Historic Landmark (NHL is a Building, site, Structure, Object, or District, that is officially recognized by the 
On December 2, 1942, scientists achieved the world's first self-sustained nuclear reaction at Stagg Field on the campus of the university under the direction of professor Enrico Fermi. Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opens 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Metallurgical Laboratory or "Met Lab" at the University of Chicago was part of the World War II –era Manhattan Project, created by the Alonzo Stagg Field is the name of two different football fields for the University of Chicago. A sculpture by Henry Moore marks the spot, now deemed a National Historic Landmark, where the nuclear reaction took place. Henry Spencer Moore OM CH FBA (30 July 1898 – 31 August 1986 was an English artist and sculptor. A National Historic Landmark (NHL is a Building, site, Structure, Object, or District, that is officially recognized by the Stagg Field has since been demolished to make way for the Regenstein Library. The Joseph Regenstein Library is the main Library of the University of Chicago, named after industrialist and philanthropist Joseph Regenstein.
In addition to its groundbreaking work in physics, the University of Chicago is recognized for numerous other important scientific discoveries. Physics (Greek Physis - φύσις in everyday terms is the Science of Matter and its motion.  These include
Although the University of Chicago is better known for its academic and scientific achievements, its students and faculty have also made significant contributions to the arts. Padma Vibhushan Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, FRS ( Tamil: சுப்பிரமணியன் சந்திரசேகர் English ˌtʃʌndrəˈʃeɪkɑr( The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik is awarded once a year by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1955, the University of Chicago became the birthplace of improvisational comedy with the formation of the undergraduate comedy troupe, the Compass Players. Improvisational theatre (also known as improv or impro) is a form of Theatre in which the Actors use Improvisational acting techniques The Compass Players (or Compass Theater) was a 1950s Cabaret Revue show started by alumni dropouts and hangers-on from the University of Chicago  In 1959, alumnus Paul Sills, who many consider the father of improvisational theater, founded The Second City along with Bernard Sahlins, also a graduate of the University. Paul Sills ( November 18, 1927 &ndash June 2, 2008) was a director and Improvisation teacher and the original director of The Bernard "Bernie" Sahlins is an American Writer, director and comedian best known as a founder of The Second City Improvisational comedy Since its founding, The Second City Theater has inspired other comedy troupes such as Saturday Night Live, as well as serving as an incubator for artists such as Alan Arkin, Mike Nichols, Harold Ramis, Bill Murray, Mike Myers, Steven Colbert, Tina Fey, and Steve Carell. Saturday Night Live ( SNL) is a weekly late-night 90-minute American Sketch comedy / Variety show based in New York City Alan Wolf Arkin (born March 26 1934 is an American Actor and director. Mike Nichols (born November 6 1931) is an American television stage and Film director, writer and producer Harold Allen Ramis (born November 21, 1944) is an American actor director and writer specializing in comedy For the British actor see Billy Murray (actor. William James "Bill" Murray (born September 21, 1950) is an Michael Myers (or Mike Myers) may refer to Mike Myers (actor (born 1963 Canadian comic actor Michael Myers (judge (1873&ndash1950 Stephen Tyrone Colbert ( born May 13 1964 is an American Comedian, satirist, Actor and Writer, known for his ironic style Elizabeth Stamatina "Tina" Fey (born May 18 1970 is a Golden Globe - five time Emmy - and SAG Award -winning American Writer Steven John "Steve" Carell (born August 16, 1962) is a Golden Globe - and Screen Actors Guild Award -winning American 
In 1964, Professor Ralph Shapey founded the University of Chicago Contemporary Chamber Players, one of the oldest and most successful professional new music groups in the nation. Ralph Shapey ( March 12, 1921 - June 13, 2002) was an American Composer and conductor. The University of Chicago Contemporary Chamber Players (also called Contempo, CCP, or Contemporary Chamber Players of the University of Chicago The Contemporary Chamber Players, also known as "contempo," has given over eighty world premieres of established and emerging composers. 
While teaching on the Committee on Social Thought, Professor Saul Bellow wrote several best-selling novels, including Herzog in 1964 and Humboldt's Gift in 1975, for which he was awarded the 1976 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and Nobel Prize in Literature. The Committee on Social Thought, one of several PhD -granting committees at the University of Chicago, was started in 1941 by historian John U Saul Bellow, born Solomon Bellows ( June 10, 1915 – April 5, 2005) was an acclaimed Canadian -born American Herzog is a 1964 novel by Saul Bellow. In a nod to the Epistolary novels of early British literature letters from the protagonist constitute Humboldt's Gift is a 1975 novel by Saul Bellow, which won the 1976 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and contributed to Bellow's winning The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction has been awarded since 1948 for distinguished fiction by an American author preferably dealing with American life The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur is awarded annually since 1901 to an author from any country who has in the words from the will of Alfred 
The University of Chicago also founded The Renaissance Society in 1915, which is devoted to the exhibition of contemporary art. The Renaissance Society is a non-collecting museum founded in 1915 to encourage the growth and understanding of contemporary art The Society's 1934 exhibition of Alexander Calder's "mobile" and its 1936 survey of paintings and drawings by Ferdinand Leger were the first solo exhibitions of these artists in the United States. Alexander Calder (22 July 1898 – 11 November 1976 also known as Sandy Calder, was an American sculptor and Artist most famous for inventing Joseph Fernand Henri Léger ( February 4, 1881 – August 17, 1955) was a French painter, sculptor, and 
In the early 1950s, student applications declined as a result of increasing crime and poverty in the Hyde Park neighborhood. In response, the university became a major sponsor of a controversial urban renewal project for Hyde Park, which profoundly affected both the neighborhood's architecture and street plan. Urban Renewal (similar to Urban Regeneration in British English) is a controversial U For details of this urban renewal effort, see Hyde Park. History (Hyde Park Paul Cornell a successful businessman real-estate speculator and Abolitionist, purchased of land between 51st and 55th Streets along the Lake
In 1959, the university’s literary journal the Chicago Review, edited by Irving Rosenthal and Paul Carroll, published excerpts from William S. Burroughs’ experimental novel Naked Lunch. Paul Carroll (1926&ndash1996 was an American Poet and the founder of the Poetry Center of Chicago. William Seward Burroughs II ( – ˈbʌroʊz was an American Novelist, Essayist, Social critic, painter and Spoken word Naked Lunch (sometimes referred to as The Naked Lunch) is a novel by William S The material appeared in the Spring 1958 edition. The university was criticized for publishing fiction deemed obscene by a columnist in the Chicago Daily News and suppressed the Winter 1959 issue, which contained more material from the Naked Lunch manuscript. Obscenity (in Latin obscenus, meaning "foul repulsive detestable" is a term that is most often used in a legal context to The university administration fired Rosenthal and Carroll, who regarded the university's attempt at suppressing Naked Lunch as censorship. Censorship is the suppression of speech or deletion of communicative material which may be considered objectionable harmful or sensitive as determined by a censor 
The University experienced its share of student unrest during the 1960s, beginning in 1962, when students occupied President George Beadle's office in a protest over the University's off-campus rental policies. In 1969, more than 400 students, angry about the dismissal of a popular professor, Marlene Dixon, occupied the Administration Building for two weeks. After the sit-in ended, when Dixon turned down a one-year reappointment, 42 students were expelled and 81 were suspended,  the most severe response to student occupations of any American university during the student movement.  A few months later, junior professor and SDS founder Richard Flacks was attacked in his office by an unknown assailant, and nearly beaten to death. 
In 1978, Hanna Holborn Gray, then the provost of Yale University, became President of the University of Chicago, the first woman ever to serve as the president of a major research university. Hanna Holborn Gray (born 1930 is a historian of political thought in the Renaissance and Reformation, and an emerita professor at the University of Chicago
In 1990, the Consortium on Chicago School Research (CCSR) was created after the passage of the Chicago School Reform Act that decentralized governance of the city's public schools. Researchers at the University of Chicago joined with researchers from Chicago Public Schools and other organizations to form CCSR with the imperative to study this landmark restructuring and its long-term effects. Chicago Public Schools, commonly abbreviated as CPS by local residents and politicians is a School district that controls over 600 public elementary and high Since then CCSR has undertaken research on many of Chicago's school reform efforts, some of which have been embraced by other cities as well. Education reform is a plan or movement which attempts to bring about a systematic change in Educational theory or practice across a Community or Society Thus, CCSR studies have also informed broader national movements in public education.
In 1999, then-President Hugo Sonnenschein announced plans to relax the university's famed core curriculum, reducing the number of required courses from 21 to 15. Hugo Freund Sonnenschein is a prominent American economist and educational administrator In formal education a curriculum (plural curricula) is the set of courses and their content offered at a School or University. When The New York Times, The Economist, and other major news outlets picked up this story, the university became the focal point of a national debate on education. The Economist is an English-language weekly news and International affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London The National Association of Scholars, for example, released a statement saying, "It is truly depressing to observe a steady abandonment of the University of Chicago's once imposing undergraduate core curriculum, which for so long stood as the benchmark of content and rigor among American academic institutions. " The changes were ultimately implemented, but the controversy led to Sonnenschein's resignation in 2000.
In 2006, the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute became the center of controversy when U.S. federal courts ruled to seize and auction its valuable collection of ancient Persian artifacts, the proceeds of which would go to compensate the victims of a 1997 bombing in Jerusalem that the United States believes was funded by Iran. The United States federal courts are the system of Courts organized under the Constitution and laws of the Federal government of the United States Chicago's Persian heritage crisis (تاراج سرمايه باستانی ايران در شيکاگو in Persian) refers to a threat to seize invaluable Persian The Persian Empire was a series of Iranian empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the original Persian homeland and beyond in Western Asia The Ben Yehuda Street bombings refer to a series of attacks by Arab Terrorists and Suicide bombers on civilians in downtown Jerusalem, Israel For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. The ruling threatens the university's invaluable collection of ancient clay tablets held by the Oriental Institute since the 1930s but officially owned by Iran. Small tablets made out of clay were used from 5500 BC Tărtăria tablets and later from 4th millennium BC onwards as a writing medium in Sumerian
In 2007, the University of Chicago received an anonymous alumni donation of $100 million. The donation will be used as the cornerstone of a $400 million undergraduate student aid initiative. Beginning in the fall of 2008, students will be eligible for enhanced financial aid packages called Odyssey Scholarships, which hopes to eliminate student loans entirely among students whose annual family income is less than $60,000 and to eliminate half the student loan packages among students whose annual family income is between $60,000 and $75,000. The College expects nearly a quarter of the entire College population to benefit from the program. 
The University of Chicago's economics department is particularly well-known. Economics is the social science that studies the production distribution, and consumption of goods and services. In fact, an entire school of thought (the Chicago School of Economics) bears its name. Led by Nobel Prize laureates such as Milton Friedman, Ronald Coase, George Stigler, Gary Becker, Robert Lucas, James Heckman, Robert Fogel, and Roger Myerson, the university's economics department has played an important role in shaping ideas about the free market. The Nobel Prize (Nobelpriset (Nobelprisen is a Swedish prize established in the 1895 will of Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel; it was first awarded in Peace, Literature Milton Friedman (July 31 1912 November 16 2006 was an American Nobel Laureate Economist and Public intellectual. Ronald Harry Coase (born December 29, 1910) is a British Economist and the Clifton R George Joseph Stigler ( January 17, 1911 December 1, 1991) was a U Gary Stanley Becker (born December 2, 1930) is an American Economist and a Nobel laureate. Robert Emerson Lucas Jr (born September 15, 1937, Yakima Washington) is an American Economist at the University of Chicago James Joseph Heckman (born April 19, 1944) is a leading Economist at The University of Chicago, Distinguished Chair of Microeconometric Robert William Fogel (born July 1, 1926) is an American economic historian and scientist and winner (with Douglass North) of the 1993 Roger Bruce Myerson (born March 29 1951) is an American Economist and Nobel laureate recognised with Leonid Hurwicz A free market is a Market in which property rights are voluntarily exchanged at a price arranged completely by the mutual consent of sellers and buyers  The Chicago School of Economics is also famous for applying economic principles to every aspect of human life, as demonstrated by University of Chicago Professor Steven Levitt in his best-selling book, Freakonomics. Steven David "Steve" Levitt (born May 29, 1967) is a prominent American Economist best known for his work on crime in particular on Freakonomics A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything is a 2005 non-fiction book by University of Chicago Economist Steven Levitt
The university is also known for creating the first sociology department in the United States, which later gave birth to the Chicago School of Sociology. Sociology (from Latin: socius "companion" and the suffix -ology "the study of" from Greek λόγος lógos "knowledge" In Sociology and later Criminology, the Chicago School (sometimes described as the Ecological School) refers to the first major body of works emerging Scholars affiliated with this school are considered pioneers in the field and include Albion Small, George Herbert Mead, Robert E. Park, W. I. Thomas, and Ernest Burgess. Albion Woodbury Small ( May 11 1854 – March 24 1926) founded the first Department of Sociology in the USA at the University George Herbert Mead ( February 27, 1863 – April 26, 1931) was an American Philosopher, Sociologist and Psychologist Robert Ezra Park ( February 14 1864 &ndash February 7 1944) was an American urban sociologist, one of the main founders of William Isaac Thomas (b Russell County Virginia, 13 August 1863, d Ernest Watson Burgess ( May 16, 1886 &ndash December 27, 1966) was an urban sociologist at the University of Chicago. 
The university is home to several committees for interdisciplinary scholarship, the most famous of which is the Committee on Social Thought. The Committee on Social Thought, one of several PhD -granting committees at the University of Chicago, was started in 1941 by historian John U One of several Ph. D-granting committees at the university, it was started in 1941 by University of Chicago president Robert Maynard Hutchins along with historian John U. Robert Maynard Hutchins ( January 17, 1899, Brooklyn New York – May 17, 1977, Santa Barbara California) husband of Nef, economist Frank Knight, and anthropologist Robert Redfield. Frank Hyneman Knight ( November 7, 1885 - April 15, 1972) was an important Economist of the twentieth century Robert Redfield ( December 4, 1897 - October 16, 1958) was an American anthropologist and Ethnolinguist. The committee is interdisciplinary, but it is not centered on any specific topic. Since its inception, the committee has drawn together noted academics and writers to "foster awareness of the permanent questions at the origin of all learned inquiry".  Members of the committee have included Hannah Arendt, T. S. Eliot, David Grene, Leo Strauss, Allan Bloom, Friedrich von Hayek, Leon Kass, Mark Strand, Wayne Booth, Joseph Rutherford Hicks, and J.M. Coetzee. Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26 1888 – January 4 1965 was a poet Dramatist, and Literary critic. David Grene ( 13 April 1913 - 10 September 2002) was a professor of Classics at the University of Chicago from 1937 until Leo Strauss (September 20 1899 &ndash October 18 1973 was a German -born Jewish-American political philosopher who specialized in the study of classical Allan David Bloom (14 September 1930 in Indianapolis Indiana &ndash 7 October 1992 in Chicago, Illinois) was an American Philosopher, Friedrich August von Hayek CH ( May 8, 1899 March 23, 1992) was an Austrian British Economist Leon Kass (born February 12 1939) is an American Bioethicist, best known as a leader in the effort to stop human Embryonic stem cell Mark Strand (born April 11, 1934) is an American Poet, Essayist, and Translator. Wayne Clayson Booth ( February 22, 1921 &ndash October 10, 2005) was an American Literary critic. 
The Council on Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences and Humanities administers over seventy interdisciplinary workshops, which provide a forum for graduate students, faculty, and visiting scholars to present scholarly work in progress. The council is composed of faculty from the Social Sciences and Humanities divisions and the Divinity School who set policy for the council and approve new workshops for funding. The focus of the workshops varies depending on the interests of the student and faculty participants, but tend to focus on a thematic, geographic, temporal area of study. 
In 1983, the University of Chicago implemented the University of Chicago School Mathematics Project, a comprehensive mathematics program for students from kindergarten through twelfth grade. The University of Chicago School Mathematics Project ( UCSMP) was founded in 1983 at the University of Chicago with the aim of upgrading Mathematics education Today, an estimated 3. 5 to 4 million students in elementary and secondary schools in every state and virtually every major urban area are now using UCSMP materials. 
The University of Chicago currently maintains twelve units: the College, four divisions of graduate research, six professional schools, and the Graham School of General Studies. The College is the sole undergraduate institution and one of the oldest components of the University of Chicago, emerging contemporaneously with the university at large The University of Chicago also operates the Library, the Press, the Lab Schools, and the Hospitals.
Faculty and students at the adjacent Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago also collaborate closely with the university. In 2003 Toyota Technological Institute opened the Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago, jointly with the University of Chicago.  Although formally unrelated, the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) is also located on the campus, and many faculty members and graduate students hold research appointments at NORC. The National Opinion Research Center (NORC established in 1941 is one of the largest and most highly respected Social research organizations in the United States
The university also operates the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools (from day care through high school, founded by John Dewey and considered one of the leading preparatory schools in the United States), the Hyde Park Day Schools (for the learning disabled of otherwise exceptional ability), and the Orthogenic School (a residential treatment program for those with behavioral and emotional problems). The University of Chicago Laboratory Schools (also Lab School and abbreviated UCLS; the upper classes are nicknamed U-High) is a private co-educational Day care or child care is care of a child during the Day by a person other than the child's Parents or Legal guardians typically someone outside High school is the name used in some parts of the world (in particular Scotland, North America and Australia) to describe an institution John Dewey (October 20 1859 &ndash June 1 1952 was an American Philosopher, Psychologist, and educational reformer, whose thoughts and ideas have A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually abbreviated to preparatory school, college prep school, or prep school  The university also administers two unaffiliated public charter schools on the South Side of Chicago. Charter schools are elementary or secondary schools in the United States that receive public money but
The University of Chicago Press is the largest university press in the country. The University of Chicago Press is the largest University press in the United States  It publishes a wide array of scholarly and academic texts, including the influential Chicago Manual of Style, as well as several academic journals, including Critical Inquiry. The Chicago Manual of Style (abbreviated in writing as CMS or CMOS or verbally as Chicago) is a Style guide for American English Inquiry''''' is a Peer-reviewed journal in the Humanities published out of the University of Chicago Press.
The University of Chicago's library system is also one of the largest in the country. The university's Regenstein Library is committed to providing physical, "browsable" access to print books in a single location, rather than relying on offsite storage as many libraries do. The Joseph Regenstein Library is the main Library of the University of Chicago, named after industrialist and philanthropist Joseph Regenstein. In 2005, funding was approved for the construction of a 308,000-square-foot (28,600 m²) addition to the library to accommodate an expansion of its collection. When the expansion is complete, the Regenstein will contain the largest browsable collection of print volumes in the United States.  The university expects to finish construction by winter of 2009.  The "Reg", as it is commonly called by students, is noted for its exceptional breadth and depth of material. In its 2007 rankings, the Princeton Review ranked it among the top college libraries in the country. The Princeton Review (TPR is an American educational preparation company 
The John Crerar Library is recognized as one of the best libraries in the country for research and teaching in the sciences, medicine, and technology and maintains more than 1. The John Crerar Library is a library currently operated by the University of Chicago that maintains more than 1 3 million volumes in the biological, medical and physical sciences as well as collections in general science and the philosophy and history of science, medicine, and technology.  Students in the College have access to all of the university’s special libraries, including the D’Angelo Law Library, Yerkes Observatory Library for astronomy and astrophysics, the Social Service Administration Library, and the Eckhart Library for mathematics and computer science. 
Chicago also operates a number of off-campus scientific research institutions, including the Argonne National Laboratory, part of the United States Department of Energy's national laboratory system. Argonne National Laboratory is one of the United States Department of Energy 's oldest and largest science and engineering research national laboratories and is The United States Department of Energy ( DOE) is a Cabinet -level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy The university also owns and operates the Oriental Institute and has a stake in the Apache Point Observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico. Sunspot is an unincorporated community in the Sacramento Mountains in Otero County, New Mexico, United States. New Mexico ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States of America. It is also a founding member of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation. The Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC, also known as the "Academic Big Ten" was established in 1958 and is a consortium of twelve primarily Midwestern
In February 2006, the University of Chicago announced its bid for a U.S. Department of Energy contract to obtain complete management rights to the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, which maintains the Tevatron, the world's highest-energy particle accelerator. The United States Department of Energy ( DOE) is a Cabinet -level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ( Fermilab) located in Batavia near Chicago, Illinois, is a U Tevatron is a circular Particle accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia Illinois and is the highest energy particle collider Fermilab is currently one of the world's preeminent centers for research in the fields of elementary particle physics and astrophysics. Particle physics is a branch of Physics that studies the elementary constituents of Matter and Radiation, and the interactions between them Astrophysics is the branch of Astronomy that deals with the Physics of the Universe, including the physical properties ( Luminosity,  On November 1, 2006, the Department of Energy announced that the Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), led by the University of Chicago, would manage Fermilab for five years starting January 1, 2007. Events 996 - Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk Bishop of Freising which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The FRA is a partnership between the Universities Research Association (URA) and the University of Chicago. Based on its performance, the FRA may be entitled to renew this contract without competition for up to 20 years.
Other Academic Institutions
Title VI Area Centers
The College of the University of Chicago grants Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees in 52 majors and 14 minors in the biological, physical, and social sciences, as well as in the humanities and interdisciplinary areas. A Bachelor of Science ( BS, BSc or BSc in the UK; less commonly S A major may provide a comprehensive understanding of a well-defined field, such as anthropology or mathematics, or it may be an interdisciplinary program such as African and African-American studies, environmental studies, biological chemistry, or cinema and media studies. A full list of offered majors and minors is available within the college's main article. The College is the sole undergraduate institution and one of the oldest components of the University of Chicago, emerging contemporaneously with the university at large
Undergraduate students must undergo a rigorous core curriculum, the goal of which is to impart an education that is both timeless and a vehicle for interdisciplinary debate. In formal education a curriculum (plural curricula) is the set of courses and their content offered at a School or University. Students must take courses designed to foster critical skills in a broad range of academic disciplines, including history, literature, science, mathematics, writing, and critical reasoning. Core curriculum classes at Chicago contain no more than 25 students and are generally led by a full-time professor (as opposed to a teaching assistant). A teaching assistant (TA is a junior Scholar employed on a temporary contract by a College or University in teaching-related responsibilities  Currently, 15 courses are required in addition to tested foreign language proficiency if no Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate examinations are used for exemption (a reduction of six quarter credits may be achieved via this method).
While the science curriculum has largely followed the intellectual evolution of its respective fields, the requisite humanities and social science sequences now have several variants that encompass non-Western, non-canonical, and critical theory texts.  The majority of undergraduate courses are small, discussion-based seminars, and undergraduate students routinely take their upper-level courses alongside graduate students. Seminar is generally a form of Academic instruction either at a University or offered by a commercial or professional organization
First-year students are assigned to one of 38 houses through the university's house system. The house system is a traditional feature of British Schools and schools in ex- British colonies, similar to the collegiate system of a University House sizes range from 25 to 100 members but typically consist of no more than 70 students. The house system serves as the focal point of university life, and each house offers amenities such as kitchens, common areas, and study rooms. A significant portion of the undergraduate student body, however, lives off-campus, and relocation amongst the houses is not uncommon.
Comprehensively, the University of Chicago is ranked: 9th among world universities and 8th among universities in North America by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 7th among world universities and 4th in North America by the Times Higher Education Supplement on the basis of peer review, and the 20th most "global" university by Newsweek on the basis of scholarly achievements and "international diversity". Shanghai Jiao Tong University ( abbreviated Jiao Da (交大 or SJTU) located in Shanghai, is one of the oldest and most influential universities The THES - QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings around the world published by The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES Newsweek is an American weekly Newsmagazine published in New York City. 
The 2008 edition of U.S. News and World Report ranks the undergraduate program 9th among national universities (tied with Columbia University). USNews & World Report is an influential weekly American Newsmagazine published in Washington D Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League.  Meanwhile, in its 2007 publication, "The Best 361 Colleges", the Princeton Review ranked the University of Chicago 1st in the country in the category of "best overall academic experience for undergraduates," the ranking being retired in 2008. The Princeton Review (TPR is an American educational preparation company Such performance, measured over time, has led Newsweek to note that the College is viewed as a "powerhouse" amongst the old guard of elite schools .
In 2008, Forbes magazine ranked the University of Chicago's undergraduate program the 4th best in the country after Harvard, Yale, and Princeton based on post-graduation achievements and student evaluations. Forbes is an American Publishing and media company Its flagship publication Forbes magazine is published bi-weekly Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey.  In 2008, Forbes also named the University of Chicago a "billionaire university," ranking the university as the 7th most successful university in the country for producing billionaire alumni. A billionaire is a person who has a Net worth of at least one billion units of currency such as United States dollars ( USD /US$ U A billionaire is a person who has a Net worth of at least one billion units of currency such as United States dollars ( USD /US$ U 
As for professional schools, in 2007 rankings, the Graduate School of Business ranges from 5th in the country to 1st in the world . The University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, also known as Chicago GSB, is one of the leading business schools in the world the second oldest in the US News ranks the School of Law 6th (tied with University of Pennsylvania),  the Harris School of Public Policy 7th in policy analysis as well as 7th in social policy, the School of Medicine 15th in the country, and the School of Social Service Administration 3rd. The University of Chicago Law School, having recently celebrated its centennial in the 2002-2003 school year has established itself as a high profile part of the University of The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. The Pritzker School of Medicine is the MD granting unit of the Biological Sciences Division of the University of Chicago. The University of Chicago Divinity School, which offers both academic and ministerial training, is ranked #1 in faculty quality out of all U. The University of Chicago Divinity School is a graduate institution at the University of Chicago dedicated to the training S. doctoral programs in religious studies by the National Research Council .
Nevertheless, the University's strong emphasis on research is reflected in the doctoral level performance of its four non-professional graduate divisions. According to the National Research Council the school was ranked within the United States at: 8th in “arts & humanities,” 11th in “biological sciences,” 7th in “physical sciences and mathematics,” and 5th in “social and behavioral sciences. ” In aggregate, 18 programs ranked in the top ten in the nation, the 7th strongest showing.
The university operates the University of Chicago Hospitals, which was ranked the 14th best hospital in the country by U.S. News and World Report. The University of Chicago Medical Center forms a major center for medical care and research in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago Illinois. USNews & World Report is an influential weekly American Newsmagazine published in Washington D  It is the only hospital in Illinois ever to be included in the magazine's "Honor Roll" of the best hospitals in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 
Further, the university has also been an incubator for several prominent business ventures, with the world’s first management consultancy, McKinsey & Company, software giant Oracle, and the United States first international corporate law firm, Baker and McKenzie, all having been founded by University of Chicago alumni. McKinsey & Company is a global Management consulting firm that focuses on solving issues of concern to senior management Oracle Corporation ( specializes in developing and marketing Enterprise software products — particularly Database management systems In 2007 Oracle ranked Baker & McKenzie is an international Law firm, founded in Chicago in 1949 by Russell Baker and John McKenzie
The University is also ranked first among colleges with fewer than 5,000 students for sending students to the Peace Corps. .
According to David Rothkopf, the University of Chicago is one of the top three elite universities in the world (along with Harvard and Stanford) to produce members of the new global "Superclass. David J Rothkopf (born 24 December, 1955) is a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, specializing in U "
For each president, the University of Chicago commissions a large portrait that is hung in Hutchinson Commons, located in the Reynolds Club, one of the university's central buildings. The presidents of the University of Chicago have been:
According to the official website of the Nobel Foundation, there have been 16 Nobel Prizes awarded to persons of research or on faculty at the university at the time of the award announcement, placing the university behind only Harvard(31), Stanford(18) and MIT(17) . William Rainey Harper ( July 26, 1856 – January 10, 1906) was a noted academic who helped to organize the University of Chicago Harry Pratt Judson (1849 - 1927 was a US educator and historian born at Jamestown, N Ernest DeWitt Burton (1856&ndash1925 was an American Biblical scholar born in Granville Ohio. Charles Max Mason ( October 26, 1877, Madison Wisconsin – March 23, 1961, Claremont California) was an American mathematician Robert Maynard Hutchins ( January 17, 1899, Brooklyn New York – May 17, 1977, Santa Barbara California) husband of Lawrence A Kimpton (1910-1977 was the successor to Robert Maynard Hutchins as president of the University of Chicago. George Wells Beadle ( October 22, 1903 &ndash June 9, 1989) was an American Scientist in the field of Genetics Edward Hirsch Levi ( June 26, 1911 – March 7, 2000) was an American academic leader scholar and statesman who served as John T Wilson served as president of the University of Chicago from 1975 to 1978 Hanna Holborn Gray (born 1930 is a historian of political thought in the Renaissance and Reformation, and an emerita professor at the University of Chicago Hugo Freund Sonnenschein is a prominent American economist and educational administrator Don Michael Randel (born December 9, 1940) is a prominent American musicologist, the fifth president of The Andrew W Robert J Zimmer (born November 5 1947 is an American mathematician and academic administrator The following is a list of people affiliated with the University of Chicago, including alumni current and former faculty members students and others Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University or simply Stanford, is a private Research university located in A total of 65 other Nobel Laureates have once been affiliated with the university as students, faculty, visiting professors, or researchers (or some combination of these). Together, the total of 81 laureates is the fourth highest claimed amongst all universities worldwide. For details, see Nobel Prize laureates by university affiliation. The following list provides information on nobel laureates and their affiliation to academic institutions.
In addition, many Chicago alumni and scholars have won the Fulbright awards, see the University’s news service report and, since its inception in 1904, 44 have matriculated as Rhodes Scholars. The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright-Hays Program, is a program of grants for international educational exchange for scholars educators graduate Year 1904 ( MCMIV) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting on Year 44 was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Julian calendar. Rhodes Scholarship Rhodes scholar redirects here Rhodes Scholar redirects here Rhodes scholars 
Notable faculty and alumni of the University of Chicago include: political theorist Hannah Arendt; former U. S. Attorneys General John Ashcroft, Ramsey Clark, and Edward H. Levi; current U. John David Ashcroft (born May 9 1942) is an American Politician who was the 79th United States Attorney General. William Ramsey Clark (born December 18 1927 is a lawyer and former United States Attorney General. Edward Hirsch Levi ( June 26, 1911 – March 7, 2000) was an American academic leader scholar and statesman who served as S. Senator Barack Obama (D-IL); former Vice President of Taiwan and the Kuomintang Lien Chan; current Governor of New Jersey and former U. Lien Chan ( POJ: Liân Chùn (born August 27, 1936, in Xi'an China) is a Politician in Taiwan. S. Senator Jon Corzine (D-NJ); current judges on the U. Jon Stevens Corzine (born January 1 1947 is the Governor of New Jersey and a former United States Senator S. Court of Appeals Richard Posner, Frank Easterbrook, and Douglas Ginsberg; current U. Richard Allen Posner (born January 11 1939 in New York City) is currently a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago Frank Hoover Easterbrook (born 1948 is Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Douglas Howard Ginsburg (born May 25, 1946) is a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. S. Supreme Court justices Antonin Scalia and John Paul Stevens; former U. (born March 11, 1936) is an American Jurist and the second most senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Paul Stevens (born April 20, 1920) is currently the most senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. S. Deputy Secretary of State and former head of the World Bank Paul Wolfowitz; Nobel Prize-winning economists Gary Becker, Milton Friedman, Friedrich Hayek, and Robert Lucas; current Governor of the Bank of Japan Masaaki Shirakawa; acclaimed Nobel Prize-winning writers Saul Bellow and J.M. Coetzee; novelists Kurt Vonnegut, Ralph Ellison, Philip Roth, and Thornton Wilder; Nobel Prize-winning modernist poet and dramatist T. S. Eliot; essayist, award-winning novelist, film maker, poet, and activist Susan Sontag; Nobel Prize-winning physicists Albert Michelson, Robert Millikan, Arthur Compton, and Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar; Nobel Prize-winning physicist and developer of the first nuclear reactor Enrico Fermi; astronomer and pioneer of physical cosmology Edwin Hubble; astronomer and highly successful science popularizer Carl Sagan; prominent philosophers Allan Bloom, Martha Nussbaum, Robert Pippin, Rudolph Carnap, Leszek Kolakowski, Paul Ricoeur, Jean-Luc Marion, and Leo Strauss; internet celebrity Tucker Max; influential philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer John Dewey; philosopher, mathematician, and Nobel Prize-winning writer Bertrand Russell; mathematician André Weil; Nobel-prize winning molecular biologist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA James Watson; dancer and choreographer Katherine Dunham; composer Philip Glass; historian Francois Furet; Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Seymour Hersh; New York Times columnist David Brooks; Public Finance Managing Director of Fitch Ratings Michael D. Paul Dundes Wolfowitz (born December 22, 1943) is a former United States Ambassador to Indonesia, U Gary Stanley Becker (born December 2, 1930) is an American Economist and a Nobel laureate. Milton Friedman (July 31 1912 November 16 2006 was an American Nobel Laureate Economist and Public intellectual. Friedrich August von Hayek CH ( May 8, 1899 March 23, 1992) was an Austrian British Economist Robert Emerson Lucas Jr (born September 15, 1937, Yakima Washington) is an American Economist at the University of Chicago is Governor of the Bank of Japan. His nomination to the post was approved on April 9, 2008. Saul Bellow, born Solomon Bellows ( June 10, 1915 – April 5, 2005) was an acclaimed Canadian -born American Kurt Vonnegut Jr (November 11 1922 – April 11 2007 (ˈvɒnəgət was a prolific and genre-bending American Novelist known for works blending Satire, Black Ralph Waldo Ellison ( March 1, 1914 &ndash April 16, 1994) was a Scholar and Writer. Philip Milton Roth (born March 19, 1933, Newark New Jersey) is an American novelist Thornton Niven Wilder ( April 17, 1897 &ndash December 7, 1975) was an American Playwright and Novelist. Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26 1888 – January 4 1965 was a poet Dramatist, and Literary critic. Susan Sontag ( January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American Literary theorist, Philosopher, Albert Abraham Michelson ( December 19, 1852 &ndash May 9, 1931) was a Polish - American Physicist known Robert Andrews Millikan (March 22 1868 – December 19 1953 was an American experimental physicist, and Nobel laureate in physics for his measurement Arthur Holly Compton (September 10 1892 &ndash March 15 1962 was an American physicist and Nobel laureate in physics for his discovery of the Compton effect Padma Vibhushan Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, FRS ( Tamil: சுப்பிரமணியன் சந்திரசேகர் English ˌtʃʌndrəˈʃeɪkɑr( Edwin Powell Hubble ( November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer. Carl Edward Sagan ( November 9 1934 &ndash December 20 1996) was an American Astronomer, astrochemist, author Allan David Bloom (14 September 1930 in Indianapolis Indiana &ndash 7 October 1992 in Chicago, Illinois) was an American Philosopher, Martha Nussbaum (born Martha Craven on May 6, 1947) is an American philosopher with a particular interest in ancient Greek and Robert B Pippin (born 1948) is an American philosopher He is the Evelyn Stefansson Nef Distinguished Service Professor in the Committee on Social Thought and Rudolf Carnap ( May 18, 1891 &ndash September 14, 1970) was an influential German -born philosopher who was active in Leszek Kołakowski (born 23 October, 1927 in Radom, Poland) is a distinguished Polish Philosopher and historian of Paul Ricœur (born February 27, 1913 in Valence France; died May 20, 2005 in Chatenay Malabry, France was a Jean-Luc Marion (born 1946 is among the best-known living Philosophers in France, former student of Jacques Derrida and one of the leading Catholic Leo Strauss (September 20 1899 &ndash October 18 1973 was a German -born Jewish-American political philosopher who specialized in the study of classical Tucker Tibor Max is an American Humorist, Internet personality, and entrepreneur. John Dewey (October 20 1859 &ndash June 1 1952 was an American Philosopher, Psychologist, and educational reformer, whose thoughts and ideas have Bertrand Arthur William Russell 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970 was a British Philosopher, Historian André Weil should not be confused with two other mathematicians with similar names Hermann Weyl (1885-1955 who made substantial contributions Katherine Mary Dunham ( June 22, 1909 &ndash May 21, 2006) was an American Dancer, Choreographer, WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section --> Philip Glass (born January 31 François Furet ( 27 March 1927 – 12 July 1997) was an influential French historian Seymour (Sy Myron Hersh (born April 8, 1937) is an American Pulitzer Prize winning investigative Journalist and Author David Brooks (born August 11, 1961) is a Canadian-American political and cultural commentator Belsky; Academy Award-winning film director Mike Nichols; Pulitzer Prize-winning film critic Roger Ebert; balloonist and priest Jeannette Piccard; banker and internationalist David Rockefeller; influential anthropologist Marshall Sahlins. Mike Nichols (born November 6 1931) is an American television stage and Film director, writer and producer Roger Joseph Ebert (iːbɝt born June 18, 1942) is an American film critic and Screenwriter. Jeannette Ridlon Piccard (January 5 1895 &ndash May 17 1981 was an American teacher scientist priest and aeronaut who was a pioneer of balloon flight David Rockefeller Sr (born June 12, 1915) is a prominent American Banker, Statesman, Globalist and the current patriarch Marshall David Sahlins (born December 27, 1930, Chicago, Illinois is a prominent American Anthropologist. 
Notable fictional faculty and alumni of the University of Chicago include: Harry Burns and Sally Albright (played by Billy Crystal and Meg Ryan) of the 1989 film When Harry Met Sally...(which begins at the University of Chicago); Indiana Jones (played by Harrison Ford) of the Indiana Jones series as well as his professor Abner Ravenwood; Robert and Hal (played by Anthony Hopkins and Jake Gyllenhaal) of the 2005 film Proof, which takes place at the University of Chicago; Jack McCoy (played by Sam Waterston), one of the two main characters in the long-running television series Law & Order; Nathan Zuckerman, Pulitzer-prize winner Philip Roth's literary alter ego; Dr. William Edward "Billy" Crystal (born March 14, 1948) is an American Golden Globe Award -nominated and Emmy Award -winning Margaret Mary Emily Anne Hyra (born November 19, 1961) professionally known as Meg Ryan, is a Golden Globe-nominated American film When Harry Met Sally is a 1989 Romantic comedy film written by Nora Ephron and directed by Rob Reiner. Dr (also Col Henry Walton Jones Jr, better known as Indiana Jones or Indy after his pet dog is a fictional Adventurer, Soldier Harrison Ford (born July 13, 1942) is an Academy Award - and BAFTA -nominated as well as Golden Globe -winning American Dr (also Col Henry Walton Jones Jr, better known as Indiana Jones or Indy after his pet dog is a fictional Adventurer, Soldier This is a list of characters in the ''Indiana Jones'' series. Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE (born 31 December 1937 is a Welsh Film, stage and Television Actor. Jacob Benjamin "Jake" Gyllenhaal ( born December 19 1980 is an American actor Proof is a 2005 Film starring Anthony Hopkins, Gwyneth Paltrow, Jake Gyllenhaal, and Hope Davis. John James "Jack" McCoy is a Fictional character in the television drama Law & Order, created by Michael Chernuchin and played by Sam Samuel Atkinson "Sam" Waterston (born November 15 1940) is an American actor noted particularly for his portrayal of Jack McCoy Law & Order is an American Police procedural and Legal drama television series created by Dick Wolf. Nathan Zuckerman is a fictional character who has appeared as the narrator or protagonist of (and often functions as an Alter ego in many of Philip Roth 's works of Philip Milton Roth (born March 19, 1933, Newark New Jersey) is an American novelist Josh Keyes (played by Aaron Eckhart) of the 2003 film The Core; Eddie Kasalivich (played by Keanu Reeves) of the 1996 film Chain Reaction; and Brandon Shaw and Philip Morgan (played by John Dall and Farley Granger) of Alfred Hitchcock's 1948 film Rope, based on the infamous University of Chicago duo Leopold and Loeb; Michael Armstrong, played by Paul Newman in the 1966 Hitchcock film "Torn Curtain. Aaron Edward Eckhart (born March 12 1968 is an American film and stage actor The Core is a Science fiction Disaster film loosely based on the novel Core by Paul Preuss. Keanu Charles Reeves (kiːˈɑːnuː born September 2, 1964) is a Canadian Actor. Chain Reaction is a 1996 American film starring Keanu Reeves, Rachel Weisz, Morgan Freeman, Kevin Dunn John Dall ( May 26 1918 in New York New York – January 15 1971 in Hollywood California) was an American Farley Granger (born July 1, 1925 in San Jose California) is an American Actor. Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (13 Rope ( 1948) is an Alfred Hitchcock classic film notable for its single location edited so as to appear as a single continuous shot taking Nathan Freudenthal Leopold Jr ( November 19 1904 – August 29 1971) and Richard A Paul Leonard Newman (January 26 1925 &ndash September 26 2008 was an Academy Award " Dr. Lawrence Green (played by Jeremy Piven) of the 2003 film "Runaway Jury"; Bryan Woodman (played by Matt Damon) of the 2005 film Syriana; Kate Forster (played by Sandra Bullock) of the 2006 film "The Lake House;" and Gil Grissom (played by William Peterson), the lead forensic scientist in the CBS television series CSI. Jeremy Samuel Piven (born July 26 1965 and attended Harand Theater Camp in Elkhart Lake Wisconsin, as a teenager Runaway Jury ( 2003) is an American Drama / thriller Film directed by Gary Fleder and starring John Matthew Paige Damon (born October 8 1970 is an American Actor and Philanthropist. Syriana is a 2005 geopolitical thriller Film written and directed by Stephen Gaghan, and executive produced by George Sandra Annette Bullock (born July 26 1964 is a Screen Actors Guild Award-winning and two-time Golden Globe Award-nominated American - German The Lake House is a 2003 Novel by James Patterson, a Sequel to When the Wind Blows. Gilbert "Gil" Grissom, PhD is a Fictional character portrayed by William Petersen on the American TV Crime drama. In Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, a book by Robert Pirsig, Phaedrus pursues a graduate degree in philosophy, as Pirsig did in actuality; Chicago student Ann Varrick played by Lara Harris in No Man's Land; Chicago student Dan Lynch played by George Newbern who states that Elizabeth Shue is the best looking girl on campus in Adventures in Babysitting. Robert Maynard Pirsig (born September 6, 1928, Minneapolis Minnesota) is an American Writer and Philosopher, mainly known
Chicago's sports teams are called the Maroons, and their colors are maroon and white. The University of Chicago 's intercollegiate sports teams are called the Maroons (after the color) and they compete in the NCAA 's Division III Maroon is a dark Brownish Red Color. The first recorded use of Maroon as a color name in English was in 1789. They participate in the NCAA's Division III as members of the University Athletic Association (UAA). The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations Division III (or DIII) is a division of the National Collegiate Athletic Association of the United States. Member teams Former Member Conference facilities Sports The UAA sanctions competition in the following sports Men At one point, the University of Chicago's football teams (nicknamed the Monsters of the Midway at the time) were among the best in the country, winning seven Big Ten Conference titles from 1899 to 1924, including a national championship in 1905 while playing at the old Stagg Field. College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, Colleges and military academies Alonzo Stagg Field is the name of two different football fields for the University of Chicago.  The University is also one of only a few schools to be undefeated in football against Notre Dame. The University of Notre Dame du Lac (or simply Notre Dame) (ˌnoʊtɚˈdeɪm is a private Roman Catholic Research university located in  In 1935, Chicago's Jay Berwanger was the winner of the first-ever Heisman Trophy, now on display in Ratner Athletic Facility. John Jacob "Jay" Berwanger ( March 19, 1914 - June 26, 2002) was an American football Running back born in Reportedly the trophy had been used as a door stop until installation at Ratner. The following year, Berwanger also became the first player to be drafted by the National Football League, although he decided not to play professional football. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league.
However, the university, a founding member of the Big Ten Conference, de-emphasized varsity athletics in 1939 when it dropped football and withdrew from the league in 1946.  The University maintains an academic affiliation with the Big Ten schools through the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, a consortium of one Northeastern and eleven Midwestern research universities. The Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC, also known as the "Academic Big Ten" was established in 1958 and is a consortium of twelve primarily Midwestern In 1969 it reinstated football as a Division III team, continuing to play its home games at the new Stagg Field. The Maroon football team has won the University Athletic Association (UAA) championship in 1998, 2000, and 2005. Having founded the UAA with Washington University in St. Louis, the Chicago football team has an intense rivalry with the Wash U football team for the traveling trophy known as the "Founder's Cup". The Washington University in St Louis football program is one of numerous changes and tribulations and one of high prestige There are several other prominent athletic teams at the University, among them swimming and track have preformed excellently, with the Swim Team finishing 5th in the 2008 UAA championships.
The school's mascot is the Phoenix, chosen in honor of the city of Chicago's rebirth after the Great Chicago Fire, and also in honor of the Old University of Chicago, which dissolved due to financial reasons (making the current University of Chicago the second university to carry the name). The phoenix ( Ancient Greek: Φοῖνιξ phoínix is a mythical sacred firebird in ancient mythologies starting with the Greek and later the The Great Chicago Fire was a Conflagration that burned from Sunday October 8 to early Tuesday October 10 1871 killing hundreds and destroying about four square miles in The University of Chicago, now known as the Old University of Chicago, was a Baptist college founded in 1857 by Stephen Douglas. The gargoyle has become an unofficial mascot of the university, owing to the ubiquitous statues of gargoyles that adorn many of the buildings on campus. In Architecture, a gargoyle is a carved stone Grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building Chicago's fight song is Wave the Flag, which was written in 1929. Wave the Flag (For Old Chicago is the Fight song for the University of Chicago 's athletic teams the Maroons.
Notable extracurricular groups include the University's Model United Nations Team, one of the top two teams on the college circuit and the most successful of the University's academic teams. In addition to competing, the team also hosts its own college-level conference, ChoMUN, and a high school level conference, MUNUC. University of Chicago College Bowl Team, which has won 118 tournaments and 15 national championships, leading both categories internationally. Quizbowl (also known as Quiz Bowl, Scholastic Bowl, Brain Bowl, Academic Team, Academic Varsity Bowl, Academic Challenge The Chicago Debate Society has had a top four team at the American Parliamentary Debate Association's National Championship tournament for four out of the past five years. The American Parliamentary Debate Association ( APDA) is the oldest intercollegiate parliamentary debating association in the United States and one of two in the nation In addition, the college Mock Trial Team has placed in the top ten nationally five out of the past six years and is currently ranked 7th among all programs nationally by the American Mock Trial Association.
The Chicago Society, an undergraduate student organization that brings world leaders to speak on campus, is the University's spearhead organization in bringing major speakers to campus. Chicago Society (founded 2001) is a recognized student organization at the University of Chicago. Chicago Society's most famous event titled "China and the Future of the World" held in the spring of 2006 consisted of a two-day symposium on China's rapid political, economic, and social development and its impact on the world. For the symposium, Chicago Society brought in numerous high-ranking American and Chinese government officials including Wang Guangya, the Chinese ambassador to the UN; Christopher Hill, head of the American delegation in the North Korea six-way talks; and Peter Rodman, U. Wang Guangya (王光亚 (born 1950 is a Chinese Diplomat who is China's Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China Christopher Hill may refer to several different people Christopher Hill, an English bishop Christopher J Peter Warren Rodman ( November 24, 1943 – August 2, 2008) was a lawyer government official and foreign policy expert S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs.
The university's independent student newspaper is the Chicago Maroon. A student newspaper is a Newspaper run by Students of a University, High school, Middle school, or other school The Chicago Maroon the independent student Newspaper of the University of Chicago since 1902 is a twice-weekly publication with a circulation of 7500 Founded in 1892, the same year the university was founded, the newspaper is published every Tuesday and Friday.  An independent arts-and-features alt-weekly, the Chicago Weekly, is published every Thursday and profiles events in Hyde Park and surrounding South Side communities. The Chicago Weekly is a student-written Alternative weekly at the University of Chicago that promotes arts and culture on the South Side of Chicago History (Hyde Park Paul Cornell a successful businessman real-estate speculator and Abolitionist, purchased of land between 51st and 55th Streets along the Lake Chicago Business, published by students in the Graduate School of Business, was founded in 1978. The University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, also known as Chicago GSB, is one of the leading business schools in the world the second oldest in the
The University of Chicago's University Theater is one of the oldest student-run theatre organizations in the country, involving as many as 500 members of the university community, producing 30 to 35 shows a year, and selling on the order of 10,000 tickets. It also operates Off-Off Campus, one of the University's improv comedy troupes, started in 1986 by Bernard Sahlins, one of the founders of Second City. Improvisational theatre (also known as improv or impro) is a form of Theatre in which the Actors use Improvisational acting techniques 
About 8-10% of the undergraduate student body participates in Greek life.  There are many fraternities and sororities that have established histories with Chicago, including Alpha Delta Phi, Alpha Epsilon Pi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Delta Upsilon, Lambda Phi Epsilon, Lambda Upsilon Lambda, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta, Psi Upsilon, and Sigma Phi Epsilon (fraternities), as well as Alpha Omicron Pi, Delta Gamma, and Kappa Alpha Theta (sororities). Fraternities and sororities (from the Latin words la frater and la soror, meaning "brother" and "sister" respectively are fraternal The Split Since the 1992 split the Fraternity and the Society are completely separate and independent legal entities with separate governing bodies and are not separate or parallel Alpha Epsilon Pi ( ΑΕΠ or AEPi) is the only international Jewish college fraternity in North America, with chapters in the Delta Kappa Epsilon ( ΔΚΕ; also pronounced D-K-E or "Deke" is a Fraternity founded at Yale College in 1844 by 15 men of the sophomore Delta Upsilon ( ΔY) is the 6th oldest international all-male college Greek-letter social fraternity and is the first non-secret fraternity ever ΛΦΕ ( Lambda Phi Epsilon, also known as Lambdas, LPhiE, LFE) is a nationally-recognized Asian-interest fraternity based in the United La Unidad Latina Lambda Upsilon Lambda Fraternity was established on February 19 1982 in order to address the shortcomings of academic institutions in meeting History Founding Phi Beta Kappa was the first Greek letter organization founded in the United States when it was created on December 5 1776 at the College Origins of Phi Gamma Delta Historical sketch of Jefferson College In 1803 only a small percentage of Americans attended college Fraternity Origin In the 18th and 19th centuries college extracurricular activities were primarily intellectual exercises in the form of literary debates readings and oratorical ΣΦΕ ( Sigma Phi Epsilon) commonly Nicknamed SigEp or SPE, is a social fraternity for male College students in the Alpha Omicron Pi ( ΑΟΠ, AOII) is an international women's fraternity that was founded on January 2 1897 at Barnard College Delta Gamma ( ΔΓ) is one of the oldest and largest women's fraternities in the United States and Canada with its Executive Offices based in Columbus Kappa Alpha Theta ( ΚΑΘ) is an international women's fraternity founded on January 27, 1870 at DePauw University.  In addition, Alpha Phi Omega, a co-ed national community service fraternity, exists on campus. Alpha Phi Omega (commonly known as APO but also ΑΦΩ A-Phi-O and A-Phi-Q is the largest collegiate fraternity in the United States, with chapters at over 350 campuses an 
During the school year, Greek organizations usually throw house parties every weekend, and Alpha Delta Phi hosts "Bar Night" every Wednesday. The Split Since the 1992 split the Fraternity and the Society are completely separate and independent legal entities with separate governing bodies and are not separate or parallel Along with large parties held off-campus by such groups as the ultimate frisbee team, the Greek organizations are an important part of the school's party scene.
WHPK, a student-run and University-owned radio station, broadcasts out of the Reynolds Club on the university campus. WHPK (885 FM) is a Radio station based in Chicago, Illinois. In addition this frequency is also used by several local high schools in This article is about radio broadcasting for other uses see Radio (disambiguation. DJ "JP Chill" has had a rap and hip hop show on WHPK since 1986. A disc jockey (also known as DJ or deejay) is a person who selects and plays recorded music for an audience Rapping (also known as emceeing, MCing, spitting, or just rhyming) is the Rhythmic spoken delivery of Rhymes wordplay and Hip hop music, also referred to as rap music, is a Music genre typically consisting of a rhythmic vocal style called rap which is accompanied with It was one of the earliest rap shows in the country and the first in Chicago. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. 
The University of Chicago also features a vibrant a cappella community consisting of 10 groups including Voices In Your Head, The Ransom Notes, Men In Drag, Unaccompanied Women, Make a Joyful Noise, Rhythm & Jews, and the recently established glee club, Chicago Men's A Cappella. Voices In Your Head is a co-ed A cappella group at The University of Chicago that performs a wide variety of rock, pop, R&B, and other Many of the professional schools on campus also feature their own a cappella groups including Say Ahh! from the Pritzker School of Medicine, The Scales of Justice from the Law School, and The Gross Prophets from the Graduate School of Business. The Pritzker School of Medicine is the MD granting unit of the Biological Sciences Division of the University of Chicago. The University of Chicago Law School, having recently celebrated its centennial in the 2002-2003 school year has established itself as a high profile part of the University of The University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, also known as Chicago GSB, is one of the leading business schools in the world the second oldest in the
The Chicago Folklore Society has sponsored an annual Folk Festival each February featuring traditional music since 1960. They also run a weekly radio show of traditional music, sponsor contra dances and put on a fiddlers festival in the spring. Folk Society
The Law School is home to one of the three founding chapters of the conservative Federalist Society, and to the 'Antient and Honourable Edmund Burke Society', a conservative debating organization. The University of Chicago Law School, having recently celebrated its centennial in the 2002-2003 school year has established itself as a high profile part of the University of It is also home to the Edwin F. Mandel Legal Aid Clinic and a large chapter of the progressive American Constitution Society for Law and Policy. The American Constitution Society for Law and Policy ( ACS) is an organization of lawyers and law students in the United States that promotes
Doc Films, founded in 1932 (originally the Documentary Film Group), is the oldest student film society in the country. In Vanity Fair's "Film Snob's Dictionary", Doc Films is described as: "Hard-core beyond words and lay comprehension, the society is populated by 19-year olds who have already seen every film ever made, and boasts its own Dolby Digital-equipped cinema and an impressive roster of alumni that includes snob-revered critic Dave Kehr. Vanity Fair is an American magazine of Culture, Fashion, and Politics published by Condé Nast Publications. "
During the school year, Doc Films screens a different film on every night of the week. Foreign films and documentaries are typically screened on weekdays, while recent, mainstream selections are shown on weekends. World cinema is a term used primarily in English language speaking countries to refer to the Films and film industries of non-English speaking countries Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt in one fashion or another to " Document " reality Occasionally, Doc Films screens works that have not yet been released to the general public, such as American Gangster, Corpse Bride and Brokeback Mountain. Brokeback Mountain ( 2005) is a romantic - Drama film that depicts the complex romantic and sexual relationship between two men in the
Doc Films has hosted many Hollywood luminaries as guests, including Alfred Hitchcock (Psycho, Vertigo, The Birds), Fritz Lang (Metropolis), and Woody Allen (Annie Hall, Manhattan). Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (13 Psycho is a suspense / Horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock, from the Screenplay by Joseph Vertigo ( is a Psychological thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring James Stewart and Kim Novak and featuring Barbara The Birds ( 1963) is a Horror film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, based on the Short story of the same name by Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang ( December 5, 1890 &ndash August 2, 1976) was an Austrian German - American Metropolis is a silent Science fiction film directed by Fritz Lang and written by Lang and Thea von Harbou. Woody Allen (born Allan Stewart Konigsberg; December 1 1935 is an American Film director, Writer, Actor, Comedian, and Annie Hall is a 1977 Romantic comedy film directed by Woody Allen from a script he co-wrote with Marshall Brickman. Manhattan is a 1979 Romantic comedy film about Isaac Davis ( Woody Allen) a twice-divorced 42-year-old comedy writer dating a 17-year-old In November 2005, director Ang Lee and producer James Schamus visited the University of Chicago to screen the film Brokeback Mountain a month before its American debut, and to participate in a question-and-answer session with students. Ang Lee ( (born October 23, 1954) is an Academy Award -winning Film director from Taiwan. James Allan Schamus is an American Academy Award nominated BAFTA Award winning Film producer and Screenwriter, noted for his work on critically Brokeback Mountain ( 2005) is a romantic - Drama film that depicts the complex romantic and sexual relationship between two men in the  In January 2007, film director Darren Aronofsky (Requiem for a Dream, Pi) presented a screening of his film The Fountain to students and afterwards, likewise, participated in a question-and-answer session. Darren Aronofsky (born February 12, 1969 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American Film director, Screenwriter Requiem for a Dream is an Academy Award -nominated 2000 Film adaptation of the 1978 novel of the same name. The Fountain is a 2006 American science fiction / Fantasy film directed by Darren Aronofsky that follows three interwoven Most recently, Robert Redford screened Lions for Lambs and held a question and answer session after the screening. Charles Robert Redford Jr (born August 18 1936) is an Academy Award -winning American Film director, Actor, Lions for Lambs is a 2007 film about the connection between a platoon of United States soldiers in Afghanistan, a U
The annual University of Chicago Scavenger Hunt is a multi-day event in which large teams compete to obtain all of the notoriously esoteric items on a list. The University of Chicago Scavenger Hunt (or Scav Hunt) is an annual four-day team-based Scavenger hunt held at the University of Chicago in May The University of Chicago Scavenger Hunt (or Scav Hunt) is an annual four-day team-based Scavenger hunt held at the University of Chicago in May Held every May since 1987, it is considered to be the largest scavenger hunt in the world. Scavenger Hunt is a 1979 Comedy film with a large ensemble cast in the mold of the 1963 comedy It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World  Established by student Chris Straus, the "Scav Hunt", as it is known among University students, has become one of the university's most popular traditions and has typically pushed the boundaries of absurdity.
Each year, the scavenger hunt list includes roughly 300 items, each with an assigned point value. The items vary widely and may involve performances, large-scale constructions, and long-distance travel. Teams are generally expected to fall well short of completing half of the list and instead compete for total points earned. The more difficult and time-consuming items earn more points. Notable past items include: a passport stamped by all members of the axis of evil, a nuclear reactor, a Calvinball tournament, a ninja muffin and a cell phone marching band. A passport is a document issued by a national government which certifies for the purpose of international travel the identity and nationality of its holder Definition President Bush's exact statement was as follows second goal is to prevent regimes (terrorist that sponsor terror from threatening America or our friends and This article is a subarticle of Nuclear power. A nuclear reactor is a device in which Nuclear chain reactions are initiated controlled Calvin and Hobbes is a Comic strip written and illustrated by Bill Watterson, following the humorous antics of Calvin, an imaginative A marching band is in the broadest terms a group of performers that consist of instrumental Musicians and sometimes dance teams / color guard who generally perform For more information regarding the Scavenger Hunt, see its official website.