A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually abbreviated to preparatory school, college prep school, or prep school) is a secondary school, usually private, designed to prepare students for a college or university education. Australia See also Education Some schools will also include a junior, or elementary, school. This designation is mainly current in North America. In many parts of Europe, such as Germany, the countries of former Austria-Hungary, the Benelux and Scandinavia, secondary schools specializing in college-preparatory education are called gymnasiums. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Benelux is an economic union in Western Europe that includes three neighboring monarchies, '''Be'''lgium, the '''Ne'''therlands, and Terminology and usage As a cultural term "Scandinavia" has no official definition and is subject to usage by those who identify with the culture in question as well A gymnasium (pronounced with ɡ- in several languages is a type of school providing Secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English grammar
There are three types of preparatory schools in the United States and Canada. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Some have living quarters (dormitory, dining room) where students reside (known as boarding schools). A boarding school is a School where some or all pupils not only study but also live during term time with their fellow students and possibly teachers Most are day schools. A day school is - as opposed to a Boarding school - an Institution where Children are given educational instruction during the day and after which children A few schools combine the two approaches, such as Fay School and Worcester Academy, by providing boarding school services to out-of-area students and also admitting local students to the day-school programs. Fay School was founded by Eliza Burnett Fay and her sister Harriet Burnett and officially opened in 1866 Worcester Academy is an independent Coeducational preparatory school spread over 67 acres in Worcester, Massachusetts in the Some admit students of only one sex; others are co-educational. Mixed-sex education, (or just Mixed education) also known as Coeducation, is the integrated education to males and females at the same school facilities Prep schools are selective, academically challenging, and largely independent of state and local control.
Parents of top-tier prep school students often pay high tuition fees, and some tuition is comparable to Ivy League university costs (example: Brearley School, Dalton School, Spence School, Chapin School, The Hun School of Princeton, and Horace Mann School in New York City have tuition of nearly $30,000 a year or over). The Ivy League is an Athletic conference comprising eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States. The Brearley School is an all-girls' Private school in New York City, USA. The Dalton School, originally called the Children's University School, is a private University-preparatory school on New York City 's Upper East The Spence School is an all-girls independent school in New York City, founded in 1892 by Clara B The Hun School of Princeton is a private Coeducational secondary Boarding school located in Princeton Township, New Jersey, in the The Horace Mann School is an independent College preparatory school in New York City. The City of New York Among the principal benefits of prep schools is a very low student-to-teacher ratio, hence, smaller class sizes than in public schools. The tuition allows schools to hire highly-qualified teachers and retain them in tenure. Tenure commonly refers to life tenure in a job and specifically to a senior Academic 's Contractual right not to have their position terminated These schools often have significant endowments financing scholarships permitting demographic heterogeneity. A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested
Preparatory schools often place a strong emphasis on sports (see The Ten Schools Admissions Organization, Independent School Leagues or Ivy Preparatory School League). Sport is an Activity that is governed by a set of rules or Customs and often engaged in competitively There are several expansions of Independent School League and ISL: Independent School League can refer to the Boston area Independent School The Ivy Preparatory School League, like the Ivy League for universities was originally an Athletic conference, not a scholastic one for New York City In many private schools students are required to participate in one or more of the school's sports teams. University-preparatory education is also often associated with the preppy subculture. Preppy, also spelled preppie, is a chiefly North American adjective or noun traditionally used in relation to northeastern private University-preparatory schools
In Canada, preparatory schools blend the American and British traditions. The schools generally address all aspects of the "well rounded" person. This honors the classical ideal that is expressed in the Latin phrase, "Mens sana in corpore sano" ("A sound mind in a sound body") by providing rigorous academics and strong athletic programs. Mens sana in corpore sano (a healthy mind in a healthy body is a famous Latin quotation often translated as "A sound mind in a sound body University-preparatory schools also provide many other activities, such as elaborate plays and musicals, and many other clubs and leadership opportunites that prepare the students for university.
In the United States, prep schools have drawn upon British precursors but over time developed their own traditions. Some notable former prep school attendees include U.S. Presidents George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, and other prominent figures such as John Kerry, Daniel Webster, William Carlos Williams, William Randolph Hearst, Edward Harkness, Bill Gates, and Dan Brown. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29 1917&ndashNovember 22 1963 often referred to by his initials JFK, was the thirty-fifth President of } John Forbes Kerry (born December 11 1943 is an American Politician who is currently serving his fourth term as the junior United States Senator Daniel Webster (January 18 1782 &ndash October 24 1852 was a leading American Statesman during the nation's Antebellum Period. William Carlos Williams ( 17 September 1883 &ndash 4 March 1963) was an American poet closely associated with modernism For other people named William Randolph Hearst see William Randolph Hearst (disambiguation William Randolph Hearst I (April 29 1863 &ndash Edward Stephen Harkness ( January 22, 1874 – January 29, 1940) was an American Philanthropist. If you would like to experiment with Wikipedia please copy Dan Brown (born June 22 1964 is an American Author of Thriller fiction, best known for the 2003 bestselling novel The Da Vinci Code
The term "prep school" has been used to describe several schools that the NCAA has ruled insufficient in their academic standards in determining eligibility for intercollegiate athletics. The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations Athletes attending these four schools were declared academically ineligible for NCAA athletic participation after graduation from high school. 
A gymnasium is a particular type of school in Germany and other countries in Europe, with the goal to prepare its pupils to enter a university. A gymnasium (pronounced with ɡ- in several languages is a type of school providing Secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English grammar Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The γυμνάσιον (gymnasion) of Ancient Greece was a place for physical and eventually also intellectual education of young men. The gymnasium in Ancient Greece functioned as a training facility for competitors in public Games It was also a place for socializing and engaging in intellectual The term ancient Greece refers to the period of Greek history lasting from the Greek Dark Ages ca Education encompasses both the Teaching and Learning of Knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency The later meaning of intellectual education persisted in German and other languages, whereas in English, the older meaning of physical education was retained. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States
In France, certain private or public secondary schools offer special postgraduate classes called classes préparatoires, equivalent in level to the first years of university, for students who wish to prepare for the competitive exams for the entrance in the Grandes écoles. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles (CPGE commonly called classes prépas or prépas, are a two-year cursus extensible to three-years acting as a prep A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects The Grandes écoles ("Graduate schools" literally in French "Grand Schools" or "Elite Schools" of France are higher French classes préparatoires are exceptionally intensive and selective, taking only the very best students graduating from high schools but generally not charging fees.
In the United Kingdom schools are classified in different ways depending on whether they are in the Private or State sector. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A preparatory school, more commonly "prep school", is an Independent School which a student attends prior to Senior School (and after pre-preparatory school). In English language usage in the former British Empire, the present-day Commonwealth, a preparatory school (usually abbreviated to prep school An independent school in the United Kingdom is a school relying upon private sources for all of its funding predominantly in the form of school fees