The United States Code (U. S. C. ) is a compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal law of the United States. In Law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a Jurisdiction in certain areas usually by subject forming a Legal code. The law of the United States was originally largely derived from the Common law system of English law, which was in force at the time of the Revolutionary 
The official text of an Act of Congress is that of the "enrolled bill" (traditionally printed on parchment) presented to the President for his signature or disapproval. For other uses see Bill. A bill is a proposed new law introduced within a Legislature that has not been ratified, adopted Parchment is a thin material made from Calfskin, Sheepskin or goatskin. A signature (from Latin signare, " Sign " is a handwritten (and sometimes stylized depiction of someone's name nickname or even a simple Upon enactment of a law, the original bill is delivered to the Archivist of the United States, and duplicate copies are issued in pamphlet form as "slip laws" by the Government Printing Office (GPO). Promulgation or enactment is the act of formally proclaiming or declaring new statutory or Administrative law when it receives final approval Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society The Archivist of the United States is the chief official overseeing the operation of the National Archives and Records Administration. The Government Printing Office (GPO is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government. The Archivist assembles annual volumes of the enacted laws and publishes them as the United States Statutes at Large. The United States Statutes at Large, commonly referred to as the Statutes at Large and abbreviated Stat By law, the text of the Statutes at Large is "legal evidence" of the laws enacted by Congress. (According to 1 USC Sec. 133 slip laws are also competent evidence. )
The Statutes at Large, however, is not a convenient tool for legal research. It is arranged strictly in chronological order, so that statutes addressing related topics may be scattered across many volumes. Statutes often repeal or amend earlier laws, and extensive cross-referencing is required to determine what laws are in effect at any given time. A repeal is the Removal or Reversal of a Law. This is generally done when a law is no longer effective or it is shown that a law is having far more negative A cross-reference (noun is an instance within a Document which refers to related or synonymous information elsewhere usually within the same work
The United States Code is the result of an effort to make finding relevant and effective statutes simpler by reorganizing them by subject matter, and eliminating expired and amended sections. The Code is maintained by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel (LRC) of the U.S. House of Representatives. The Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the United States House of Representatives prepares and publishes the United States Code, which is a consolidation and codification The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. The LRC determines which statutes in the United States Statutes at Large should be codified, and which existing statutes are affected by amendments or repeals, or have simply expired by their own terms. The LRC updates the Code accordingly.
Because of this codification approach, a single named statute (like the Taft-Hartley Act, or the Embargo Act) may or may not appear in a single place in the Code. The Embargo Act " was a series of laws passed by the Congress of the United States between the years 1806-1808 during the second term of President Thomas Often, complex legislation bundles a series of provisions together as a means of addressing a social or governmental problem; those provisions often fall in different logical areas of the Code. Logic is the study of the principles of valid demonstration and Inference.
For example, a bill providing relief for family farms might affect items in Title 7 (Agriculture), Title 26 (Tax), and Title 43 (Public Lands). In all modern States some land is held by central or local Governments This is called public land. When the bill is codified, its various provisions might well be placed in different parts of those various Titles. Traces of this process are generally found in the Notes accompanying the "lead section" associated with the popular name, and in cross-reference tables that identify Code sections corresponding to particular Acts of Congress.
Usually the individual sections of a statute are incorporated into the Code exactly as enacted; however, sometimes editorial changes are made by the LRC (for instance, the phrase "the date of enactment of this Act" is replaced by the actual date). Though authorized by statute, these changes do not constitute positive law. Positive law is a legal term that is sometimes understood to have more than one meaning 
By law, those titles of the United States Code that have not been enacted into positive law are "prima facie evidence" of the law in effect. Prima facie is a Latin expression meaning "on its first appearance" or "by first instance" The Statutes at Large remains the ultimate authority. The United States Statutes at Large, commonly referred to as the Statutes at Large and abbreviated Stat If a dispute arises as to the accuracy or completeness of the codification of an unenacted title, the courts will turn to the language in the United States Statutes at Large. Where a title has been enacted into positive law, however, a court may neither permit nor require proof of the underlying original statutes.  The distinction between enacted and unenacted titles is largely academic because the Code is nearly always accurate. The United States Code is routinely cited by the Supreme Court and other federal courts without mentioning this theoretical caveat. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. On a day-to-day basis, very few lawyers cross-reference the Code to the Statutes at Large.
The authority for the material in the United States Code comes from its enactment through the legislative process and not from its presentation in the Code. For example, the United States Code inadvertently omitted 12 U. S. C. § 92 for decades, even after Congress amended it in 1982. In its 1993 ruling in U. S. National Bank of Oregon v. Independent Insurance Agents of America, the Supreme Court ruled that section 92 was still valid law. 
The LRC continues the process of revising, updating, and restating the existing body of statutory law in codified form. Statutory law or statute law is written Law (as opposed to oral or Customary law) set down by a Legislature or other governing As the LRC completes particular areas of the law, it proposes that the Congress enact those titles of the Code as "positive law". If a particular title of the United States Code is enacted into law, the enactment repeals all previous enactments on the subject (including those found in the Statutes at Large), thereby making that title of the United States Code "legal evidence" of the law in force.
Only "general and permanent" laws are codified; the Code does not usually include provisions that apply only to a limited number of people (a private law) or for a limited time, such as most appropriation acts or budget laws, which apply only for a single fiscal year. Statutory law or statute law is written Law (as opposed to oral or Customary law) set down by a Legislature or other governing In Law and Government, appropriation (from Latin appropriare, "to make one's own" later "to set aside " is the Budget (from French bougette, purse generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is a period used for calculating annual ("yearly" Financial statements in Businesses If these limited provisions are significant, however, they may be printed as "notes" underneath related sections of the Code. The codification is based on the content of the laws, however, not the vehicle by which they are adopted; so, for instance, if an appropriations act contains substantive, permanent legislation (as is sometimes the case), the permanent provisions will be incorporated into the Code even though they were adopted as part of a non-permanent enactment. 
The Code is divided into 50 titles (listed below), which deal with broad, logically organized areas of legislation. Titles may optionally be divided into subtitles, parts, subparts, chapters, and subchapters. All titles have sections (represented by a §), as their smallest basic coherent unit, though sections are often divided into subsections, paragraphs, and clauses. The section sign (§ Unicode U+00A7 HTML entity &sect is a typographical character used mainly to refer to a particular section In Grammar, a clause is a word or group of words that consists of a subject and a predicate, although in some Languages and some types of Not all titles use the same series of subdivisions above the section level, and they may arrange them in different order. For example, in Title 26 (the tax code), the order of subdivision runs:
In Title 38 (Veteran's Benefits) the order runs Title - Part - Chapter - Subchapter - Section. A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning "old" is a person who has or is working in the armed forces Put another way, the Title is always the largest division of the Code, and the section the smallest (except for subsections, paragraphs, clauses, etc. ), but intermediate levels vary in both number and sequence from Title to Title.
The word "title" in this context is roughly akin to a printed "volume," although many of the larger titles span multiple volumes. Similarly, no particular size or length is associated with other subdivisions; a section might run several pages in print, or just a sentence or two. Some subdivisions within particular titles acquire meaning of their own; for example, it's common for lawyers to refer to a "Chapter 11" bankruptcy or a "Subchapter K" partnership. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their Creditors Creditors may file a bankruptcy petition against For partnership in cricket terminology see List of cricket terms A partnership is a type of Business entity in which partners
According to one style manual, a sample citation would be Privacy Act of 1974, (2006). The Privacy Act of 1974, Public Law No 93-579 88 Stat 1897 (Dec Title 5 of the United States Code outlines the role of government organization and employees in the United States Code. A lawyer would read that out loud as "Title five, United States Code, section five hundred fifty-two A. A lawyer, according to Black's Law Dictionary, is "a person learned in the law as an attorney, Counsel or Solicitor; a person " or simply "5 USC five hundred fifty-two A. "
When sections are repealed, their text is deleted and replaced by a note summarizing what used to be there. This is necessary so that lawyers reading old cases can understand what the cases are talking about. As a result, some portions of the Code consist entirely of empty chapters full of historical notes. For example, Title 8, Chapter 7 is labeled "Exclusion of Chinese. " This contains historical notes relating to the Chinese Exclusion Act, which is no longer in effect. The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law passed on May 6 1882 following revisions made in 1880 to the Burlingame Treaty of 1868
Early efforts at codifying the Acts of Congress were undertaken by private publishers; these were useful shortcuts for research purposes, but had no official status. Congress undertook an official codification called the Revised Statutes approved June 22, 1874, for the laws in effect as of December 1, 1873. The Revised Statutes of the United States was an early effort at codifying the Acts of Congress undertaken by private publishers Events 217 BC - Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom. Year 1874 ( MDCCCLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican Year 1873 ( MDCCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Congress re-enacted a corrected version in 1878. The Revised Statutes were enacted as positive law, but subsequent enactments were not incorporated into the official code, so that over time researchers once again had to delve through many volumes of the Statutes at Large. The United States Statutes at Large, commonly referred to as the Statutes at Large and abbreviated Stat According to the preface to the Code, "From 1897 to 1907 a commission was engaged in an effort to codify the great mass of accumulating legislation. The work of the commission involved an expenditure of over $300,000, but was never carried to completion. "
During the 1920s, some members of Congress revived the codification project, resulting in the approval of the United States Code by Congress in 1926. The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the " Jazz Age " or the " Roaring Twenties " when speaking about the United States and Canada Year 1926 ( MCMXXVI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
The official version of the Code is published by the LRC as a series of paper volumes. The first edition of the Code was contained in a single bound volume; today, it spans several large volumes. Normally, a new edition of the Code is issued every six years, with annual supplements identifying the changes made by legislation in each session of Congress.
In practice, however, the Code is kept up-to-date on a near-current basis as laws are enacted, and notes are printed in the margins of the slip laws indicating where each section will be codified, if at all. Both the LRC and the GPO offer electronic versions of the Code to the public. The electronic version may be as much as 18 months behind current legislation, but it is the most up to date official version.
A number of other online versions are freely available, including those at Findlaw.com and at Cornell's Legal Information Institute. FindLawcom is a free legal information Web portal owned by Thomson Reuters. The Legal Information Institute ("LII" is a Non-profit, public service of Cornell Law School that provides no-cost access to current American
Practicing lawyers who can afford them almost always use an annotated version of the U. S. Code from a private company. The two leading annotated versions are the United States Code Annotated, abbreviated as U. The United States Code ( USC) is a compilation and Codification of the general and permanent federal Law of the United States. S. C. A. , and the United States Code Service, abbreviated as U. The United States Code ( USC) is a compilation and Codification of the general and permanent federal Law of the United States. S. C. S. The U. S. C. A. is published by Thomson West, and U. West (also known by its original name West Publishing) is the largest business unit of Thomson Reuters North American Legal group of Thomson Reuters. S. C. S. is published by LexisNexis (part of Reed Elsevier), although the current edition was originated by the Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Co. LexisNexis (sometimes simply called "Lexis" or "Nexis" among users is a popular searchable Archive of content from Newspapers Magazines Reed Elsevier is a global Publisher and information provider It came into being in autumn 1992 as the result of a merger between Reed International a British See Wexis. Wexis is a humorous Portmanteau used to refer to the alleged Duopoly of Publishing conglomerates that dominate the U These annotated versions contain notes following each section of the law, which summarize relevant court decisions, law review articles, and other authorities, and may also include uncodified provisions that are part of the Public Laws. The publishers of these versions frequently issue supplements that contain newly-enacted laws, which may not yet have appeared in an official published version of the Code. When an attorney is viewing an annotated code on an online service, such as Westlaw, all the citations in the annotations are hyperlinked to the referenced opinions and documents. Westlaw is one of the primary online Legal research services for Lawyers and legal professionals in the United States and is a part of West and In computing a hyperlink is a Reference or Navigation element in a Document to another Section of the same document or to another
The Code generally contains only those Acts of Congress known as public laws (although the notes sometimes contain related Executive Orders and other presidential documents). The Code does not contain statutes known as private laws. It also does not contain statutes that are not considered permanent (such as appropriations); nor does it contain regulations adopted by executive agencies through the rulemaking process set out in the Administrative Procedure Act. In Administrative law, rulemaking refers to the process that executive and independent agencies use to create or promulgate, The federal Administrative Procedure Act (APA of 1946 governs the way in which administrative agencies of the United States federal government may propose These regulations are published chronologically in the Federal Register and are then compiled by topic or subject matter in the Code of Federal Regulations (C. The Federal Register (since March 14, 1936) abbreviated Fed Reg The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR is the codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations (sometimes called administrative law) published in the F. R. ), which constitutes an additional important source of federal law.
The Uniform Code of Military Justice is contained in Title 10, Chapter 47. The Uniform Code of Military Justice ( UCMJ,,) is the foundation of Military law in the United States. It defines infractions such as going AWOL and contains the popularly-known phrase, "Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman. In Military terminology desertion is the Abandonment of a " Duty " or post without permission from one's Government or superior Conduct unbecoming an officer and a Gentleman (or conduct unbecoming for short is an offense subject to Court martial defined in the punitive "
Title 11 is the Bankruptcy Code. The United States Constitution (Article 1 Section 8 Clause 4 authorizes Congress to enact "uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout Some of the different types of bankruptcy are commonly referred to simply by their chapter numbers: Chapter 7, Chapter 11, Chapter 13. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their Creditors Creditors may file a bankruptcy petition against Chapter 7 of the Title 11 of the United States Code (Bankruptcy Code governs the process of Liquidation under the Bankruptcy laws of the Chapter 11 is a chapter of the United States Bankruptcy Code, which permits reorganization under the Bankruptcy laws of the United States Chapter 13 Bankruptcy filing is a way for individuals in the United States to undergo a financial reorganization supervised by a federal bankruptcy
Title 18 deals with federal crimes. The term criminal law, sometimes called penal law, refers to any of various bodies of rules in different Jurisdictions whose common characteristic is the potential
Title 26 is also known as the Internal Revenue Code. The Internal Revenue Code (or IRC; more formally the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as amended) is the main body of domestic statutory Tax law Much of Title 26 is administered and enforced by the Internal Revenue Service and is one of the largest portions of the Code. The
Title 28 governs procedure in the United States federal courts. The United States federal courts are the system of Courts organized under the Constitution and laws of the Federal government of the United States
Title 42 is a lengthy title which includes statutes governing several large federal government programs like Social Security and Medicare. Social Security, in the United States currently refers to the federal Old-Age Survivors and Disability Insurance ( OASDI) program This article refers to Medicare, a United States health insurance program One provision, , is the basis for a wide range of federal civil rights actions in federal courts; it is the codification of the Civil Rights Act of 1871. Title 42 of the United States Code is the title of the United States Code dealing with Public health and Social welfare The Civil Rights Act of 1871, also known as the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871, is an important federal statute in force in the United States. Section 1983 cases include suits alleging use of excessive force by police and First Amendment suits against public schools to maintain church/state separation. Section 1983 itself is quite short; the annotations (i. e. , the digests and summaries of court decisions interpreting it), however, span several volumes.
Titles that have been enacted into positive law are indicated by blue shading below. Promulgation or enactment is the act of formally proclaiming or declaring new statutory or Administrative law when it receives final approval Positive law is a legal term that is sometimes understood to have more than one meaning
|Title 1||General Provisions|
|Title 2||The Congress|
|Title 3||The President|
|Title 4||Flag and Seal, Seat Of Government, and the States|
|Title 5||Government Organization and Employees*|
|Surety Bonds (repealed)|
(Enacted into positive law by the 80th Congress in 1947; combined into Title 31 when it was enacted into positive law. Title 1 of the United States Code outlines the general provisions of the United States Code. Title 2 of the United States Code outlines the role of Congress in the United States Code. The United States Congress is the bicameral Legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses Title 3 of the United States Code outlines the role of the President of the United States in the United States Code. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Title 4 of the United States Code outlines the role of Flag of the United States, Great Seal of the United States, Washington DC, and the States Flags of the United States The Flag of the United States of America consists of 13 equal horizontal stripes of Red (top and bottom alternating The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States federal government. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government Title 5 of the United States Code outlines the role of government organization and employees in the United States Code. The federal government of the United States is the central United States Governmental body established by the United States Constitution. Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. Title 6 of the United States Code governs the United States Department of Homeland Security in the United States Code. A surety bond is a Contract among at least three parties The principal - the primary party who will be performing a contractual obligation The obligee Positive law is a legal term that is sometimes understood to have more than one meaning Positive law is a legal term that is sometimes understood to have more than one meaning )
|Title 6||Domestic Security|
|Title 8||Aliens and Nationality|
|Title 10||Armed Forces (including the Uniform Code of Military Justice)|
|Title 12||Banks and Banking|
|Title 14||Coast Guard|
|Title 15||Commerce and Trade|
|Title 18||Crimes and Criminal Procedure*|
|Title 19||Customs Duties|
|Title 21||Food and Drugs|
|Title 22||Foreign Relations and Intercourse|
|Title 24||Hospitals and Asylums|
|Title 26||Internal Revenue Code|
|Title 27||Intoxicating Liquors|
|Title 28||Judiciary and Judicial Procedure|
|Title 30||Mineral Lands and Mining|
|Title 31||Money and Finance|
|Title 32||National Guard|
|Title 33||Navigation and Navigable Waters|
|Title 34||Navy (repealed)|
|Title 36||Patriotic Societies and Observances|
|Title 37||Pay and Allowances Of the Uniformed Services|
|Title 38||Veterans' Benefits|
|Title 39||Postal Service|
|Title 40||Public Buildings, Properties, and Works|
|Title 41||Public Contracts|
|Title 42||The Public Health and Welfare|
|Title 43||Public Lands|
|Title 44||Public Printing and Documents|
|Title 47||Telegraphs, Telephones, and Radiotelegraphs|
|Title 48||Territories and Insular Possessions|
(enacted into positive law in stages; Title IV in 1978, Title I in 1983, and Titles II, III, and V-X in 1994)
|Title 50||War and National Defense|
* Includes Appendix of provisions not yet enacted into positive law. Title 7 of the United States Code outlines the role of Agriculture in the United States Code. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture Title 8 of the United States Code outlines the role of aliens and Nationality in the United States Code. Nationality is a relationship between a Person and their State of Origin, Culture, association Affiliation and/or Loyalty Title 9 of the United States Code outlines the role of Arbitration in the United States Code. Arbitration, a form of Alternative dispute resolution (ADR is a legal technique for the resolution of Disputes outside the Courts wherein the Title 10 of the United States Code outlines the role of armed forces in the United States Code. The United States Armed Forces are the overall unified military forces of the United States The Uniform Code of Military Justice ( UCMJ,,) is the foundation of Military law in the United States. Title 11 of the United States Code outlines the role of Bankruptcy in the United States Code. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their Creditors Creditors may file a bankruptcy petition against Title 12 of the United States Code outlines the role of Banks and Banking in the United States Code. A banker or bank is a Financial institution whose primary activity is to act as a payment agent for customers and to borrow and lend money Title 13 of the United States Code outlines the role of the United States Census in the United States Code. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population Title 14 of the United States Code outlines the role of the United States Coast Guard in the United States Code. Title 15 of the United States Code outlines the role of the commerce and trade in the United States Code. Commerce is a division of trade or production which deals with the exchange of goods and services from producer to final consumer Trade is the willing exchange of goods, services, or both Trade is also called Commerce. Title 16 of the United States Code outlines the role of conservation in the United States Code. Conservation can be confused with Conversation and vice versa Title 17 of the United States Code is the title of the United States Code that outlines United States copyright law. Copyright is a legal concept enacted by Governments, giving the creator of an original work of authorship Exclusive rights to control its distribution usually for Title 18 of the United States Code is the Criminal and Penal code of the Federal government of the United States. In the sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or Law for which some governing authority or force may ultimately prescribe a Punishment Criminal procedure refers to the legal process for adjudicating claims that someone has violated Criminal law. Title 19 of the United States Code outlines the role of customs and duties in the United States Code. Customs is an Authority or agency in a Country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods Title 20 of the United States Code outlines the role of education in the United States Code. Education encompasses both the Teaching and Learning of Knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency Title 21 is the portion of the United States Code that governs food and drugs Title 22 of the United States Code outlines the role of foreign relations and intercourse in the United States Code. The foreign policy of the United States is highly influential on the world stage as it is a Superpower. Title 23 of the United States Code outlines the role of highways in the United States Code. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Before adding any more images to this * * page please do carefully consider * * whether they would be mere decoration * * or actually improve Title 24 of the United States Code outlines the role of Hospitals and Psychiatric hospitals in the United States Code. A hospital is an institution for Health care providing treatment by specialised staff and equipment and often but not always providing for A psychiatric hospital (previously called insane asylum, mental hospital; or derogatorily looney bin, nut house or Funny Farm) is Title 25 of the United States Code outlines the role of Indians in the United States Code. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States The Internal Revenue Code (or IRC; more formally the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as amended) is the main body of domestic statutory Tax law The Internal Revenue Code (or IRC; more formally the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as amended) is the main body of domestic statutory Tax law Title 27 of the United States Code outlines the role of intoxicating liquors in the United States Code. Title 28 ( Judiciary and Judicial Procedure) is the portion of the United States Code (federal statutory law that governs the federal judicial system In Law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of Courts which administer Justice in the name of the sovereign or State Due process (more fully due process of law) is the principle that a person has a right to receive notice and be heard in an orderly proceeding in order to protect his or her Title 29 of the United States Code is a code that outlines labor in the United States Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. Title 30 of the United States Code outlines the role of mineral lands and mining in the United States Code. A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition a highly ordered atomic structure and specific Mining is the extraction of valuable Minerals or other geological materials from the earth usually (but not always from an Ore body Title 31 of the United States Code outlines the role of the money and finance in the United States Code. Money is anything that is generally accepted as Payment for Goods and services and repayment of Debts. The field of finance refers to the concepts of Time, Money and Risk and how they are interrelated Title 32 of the United States Code outlines the role of the United States National Guard in the United States Code. For the National Guard of a State and other countries' National Guard see National Guard. Title 33 of the United States Code outlines the role of navigable waters in the United States Code. Navigation is the process of reading and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another A waterway is any navigable Body of water. These include Rivers Lakes Seas Oceans and Canals In order for a waterway Title 34 of the United States Code outlined the role of the United States Navy in the United States Code prior to 1956. Title 35 of the United States Code is a title of United States Code regarding patent law. A patent is a set of Exclusive rights granted by a State to an inventor or his assignee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an Title 36 of the United States Code outlines the role of Patriotic Societies and Observances in the United States Code. Patriotism is commonly defined as love of and/or devotion to one's country Title 37 of the United States Code outlines the role of Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services in the United States Code. Title 38 of the United States Code outlines the role of Veterans' Benefits in the United States Code. A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning "old" is a person who has or is working in the armed forces Title 39 of the United States Code outlines the role of United States Postal Service in the United States Code. Title 40 of the United States Code outlines the role of Public Buildings Properties and Public Works in the United States Code. Public works are the construction or engineering projects carried out by the State on behalf of the Community. Title 41 of the United States Code outlines the role of Public Contracts in the United States Code. A contract is an exchange of promises between two or more parties to do or refrain from doing an act which is enforceable in a court of law Title 42 of the United States Code is the title of the United States Code dealing with Public health and Social welfare Health is a state of complete physical mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity "Social welfare" redirects here For other uses see Welfare A social welfare provision refers to any program which seeks to provide Title 43 of the United States Code outlines the role of Public Lands in the United States Code. Title 44 of the United States Code outlines the role of public printing and documents in the United States Code. Printing is a process for reproducing text and image typically with ink on Paper using a printing press A document (noun is a bounded physical representation of body of Information designed with the capacity (and usually intent to Communicate. Title 45 of the United States Code outlines the role of rail transport in the United States Code. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. Title 46 of the United States Code outlines the role of shipping in the United States Code. A ship /ʃɪp/ is a large vessel that floats on water Ships are generally distinguished from Boats based on size Title 47 of the United States Code outlines the role of telegraphy in the United States Code. Basic principle A traditional landline telephone system also known as "plain old telephone service" (POTS, commonly handles both signaling and audio information Title 48 of the United States Code outlines the role of United States territories and Insular areas in the United States Code. An insular area is a United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nation's Title 49 of the United States Code is a code that regards the role of transportation in the United States of America Transport or transportation is the movement of people and goods from one place to another Title 50 of the United States Code outlines the role of War and National Defense in the United States Code. War is an international relations Dispute, characterized by organized Violence between National Military units