|United States Agency for International Development|
|Formed||November 3, 1961|
|Preceding Agency||International Cooperation Administration|
|Jurisdiction||Federal government of the United States|
|Agency Executives||Henrietta H. Fore, Administrator|
James Kunder, Acting Deputy Administrator
The United States Agency for International Development (or USAID) is the United States federal government organization responsible for most non-military foreign aid. Events 644 - Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim Caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina. Year 1961 ( MCMLXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The federal government of the United States is the central United States Governmental body established by the United States Constitution. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D Henrietta H Fore is the administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID and director of U The federal government of the United States is the central United States Governmental body established by the United States Constitution. Military aid is Aid which is used to assist an ally in its defense efforts or to assist a poor country in maintaining control over its own territory Aid (from the french word aide, also known as international aid, overseas aid, or foreign aid, especially in the United States) is An independent federal agency, it receives overall foreign policy guidance from the United States Secretary of State and seeks to "extend a helping hand to those people overseas struggling to make a better life, recover from a disaster or striving to live in a free and democratic country. Independent agencies of the United States government are those that exist outside of the departments of the Executive branch. The United States Secretary of State (commonly abbreviated as SecState) is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with Foreign affairs Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is held completely by the people under a free electoral system . . " 
USAID advances U.S. foreign policy objectives by supporting economic growth, agriculture and trade; health; democracy, conflict prevention, and humanitarian assistance. The foreign policy of the United States is highly influential on the world stage as it is a Superpower. Humanitarian aid (also called succour) is material or logistical assistance provided for humanitarian purposes typically in response to humanitarian crises It provides assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa; Asia and the Near East, Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, and Eurasia. Sub-Saharan Africa is a geographical term used to describe the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara, or those African countries B Syria - Belka Woman from Damascus Arab from Baghdadjpg|thumb|Inhabitants of the Near East late nineteenth century The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting For the superstate in George Orwell 's novel see Nations of Nineteen Eighty-Four. USAID is also organized around four main pillars: Global Development Alliance; Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade; Global Health; Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance. The Global Development Alliance (or GDA) is an program of the United States Agency for International Development. Global health is a field at the intersection of several Social science Disciplines -- Demography, Economics, Epidemiology, Political
USAID's origins date back to the Marshall Plan reconstruction of Europe after World War II and the Foreign Assistance Act. The Marshall Plan (from its enactment officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was the primary plan of the United States for rebuilding and creating a stronger World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Foreign Assistance Act ( et seq is a United States Act of Congress. An executive order established USAID by consolidating U. executive order in the United States is a Directive issued by the President, the head of the executive branch of the federal government S. non-military foreign aid programs into a single agency. As a part of the U. S foreign affairs restructuring laws enacted in 1999, USAID was established as a statutory independent agency under section 104 of title 5 of the United States Code. (5 USC 5312 et seq)
|Nation||Billions of Dollars|
At the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, most of the world's governments adopted a program for action under the auspices of the United Nations Agenda 21, which included an Official Development Assistance (ODA) aid target of 0. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos ( September 11, 1917 &ndash September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986 Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil Agenda 21 is a programme run by the United Nations (UN related to Sustainable development. 7% of gross national product (GNP) for rich nations, specified as roughly 22 members of the OECD and known as the Development Assistance Committee (DAC). The United States never agreed to this target but remains — in real terms — the world's largest provider of official development assistance. However, relative to its economy, the U. S. is the 21st largest provider with a 0. 17% of GNI in aid.
According to the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (DAC/OECD), the United States remains the largest donor of "official development assistance" at $23. 53 billion in 2006. DAC/OECD reports that the next largest donor was the United Kingdom ($12. 46b). The UK was followed (in rank order) by Japan ($11. 19b), France ($10. 60b), Germany ($10. 43b), Netherlands ($5. 45b), Sweden ($3. 95b), Spain ($3. 81b), Canada ($3. 68b), Italy ($3. 64b), Norway ($2. 95b), Denmark ($2. 24b), Australia ($2. 12b), Belgium ($1. 98b), Switzerland ($1. 65b), Austria ($1. 50b), Ireland ($1. 02b), Finland ($0. 83b), Greece ($0. 42b), Portugal ($0. 40b), Luxembourg ($0. 29b) and New Zealand ($0. 26b). [source: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/7/20/39768315.pdf]
USAID states that "U. S. foreign assistance has always had the twofold purpose of furthering America's foreign policy interests in expanding democracy and free markets while improving the lives of the citizens of the developing world. " However, some critics say that the US government gives aid to reward political and military partners rather than to advance genuine social or humanitarian causes abroad. Its role in Latin America has been criticised for being overtly political 
Syndicated columnist John McCaslin wrote:
Rebuilding Iraq — C-SPAN 4 Part Series In June 2003, C-SPAN followed USAID Admin. Andrew Natsios as he toured Iraq. The special program C-SPAN produced aired over four nights. 
USAID itself is transparent on the information distributed to the public about its operations in Iraq. Detailed weekly reports, contracts and special reports are a part of the agency's web site on Iraq.