While the United Nations is an international organization, the United Nations System is the whole network of international organizations, treaties and conventions that were created by the United Nations. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security International Organization is a peer-reviewed Academic journal that covers the entire field of International affairs.
In addition separate organizations, often subordinate to the principal organs, have been created to solve specialized tasks. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security The United Nations Trusteeship Council, one of the principal organs of the United Nations, was established to help ensure that non-self-governing territories were administered Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) Membership For two articles dealing with membership in the General Assembly see General Assembly members The Economic and Social Council ( ECOSOC) of the United Nations assists the General Assembly in promoting international economic and social cooperation The United Nations Secretariat is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and it is headed by the United Nations Secretary-General, assisted by a staff See also International Commission of Jurists The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; Cour
One of the remarkable features of the UN system is the duplication of responsibility.
For example, frustrated by their inability to control the ECOSOC the Assembly's third-world majority created the Conference on Trade and Development to address special issues that ECOSOC was not addressing. The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development ( UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body (Basu, Rumki, "The United Nations: Structure and Functions of an International Organisation," Sterling Publishing, New Delhi, 1993. )
Likewise, but just as an example, UNODOC (UN Office on Drugs and Crime) reports to the Secretariat, ECOSOC has a Functional Commission on crime and a separate one on Drugs, and the Assembly oversees the Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute. The United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute – commonly known as UNICRI - is one of the 5 global Research and Training Institutes of the United UN's Org Chart
The specialized agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the coordinating machinery of the Economic and Social Council. Membership For two articles dealing with membership in the General Assembly see General Assembly members The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development ( UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body The International Trade Centre (ITC is the technical cooperation agency of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD and the World Trade The United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP and the United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP are part of the United Nations Office The United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF came into existence in 1966 "as a special purpose fund primarily for small-scale Investment in The United Nations Development Fund for Women, commonly known as UNIFEM (from the French "Fonds de développement des Nations uni es pour la fem me" The United Nations Volunteers (UNV program is a United Nations organization that advocates the role and benefits of volunteerism for development integrates Volunteers The UN Environment Programme (or UNEP) coordinates United Nations environmental activities assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies The United Nations Population Fund ( UNFPA) began operations in 1969 as the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (the name was changed in 1987 Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR (established December 14, 1950) is a High Commissioner is the title of various high-ranking special executive positions held by a commission of appointment The United Nations Human Settlements Programme ( UN&ndashHABITAT) is the United Nations agency for human settlements The United Nations Children's Fund (or UNICEF) was created by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946 United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East ( UNRWA) is a relief and human development agency providing education health care social services The International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women ( INSTRAW) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. The United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute – commonly known as UNICRI - is one of the 5 global Research and Training Institutes of the United The United Nations Institute for Training and Research ( UNITAR) was established in 1965 as an autonomous body within the United Nations with the purpose The United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD is "an autonomous United Nations agency that carries out research on the social dimensions of contemporary The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR was established in 1980 by the General Assembly to inform States and the global community on questions of international The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS was established in 1958 (shortly after the launch of Sputnik) as an ad hoc committee The Joint Inspection Unit (JIU is a United Nations unit established by resolution 31/192 of December 22 1976 of the General Assembly of The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights ( OHCHR) is a United Nations agency that works to promote and protect the human High Commissioner is the title of various high-ranking special executive positions held by a commission of appointment The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS is dedicated exclusively to implementing projects for the United Nations system international financial institutions and governments The (UNU is an agency of the United Nations established in Tokyo in 1973 to "research into the pressing global problems of human survival development The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (OOSA is an organization of the General Assembly charged with implementing the Assembly's space-related policies The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS, or UNAIDS, is the main advocate for accelerated comprehensive and coordinated global action The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA was proposed to the United States Congress by president Franklin Delano Roosevelt on June The University for Peace ( UPEACE) was established in Costa Rica in 1980 "to provide humanity with an international institution of higher education The United Nations Human Rights Council is an international body within the United Nations System. The Military Staff Committee ( MSC) is the United Nations Security Council subsidiary body whose role as defined by the United Nations Charter The International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991 See also Rwandan Genocide The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda ( ICTR) is an International court established in November The Counter-Terrorism Committee is a subsidiary body of the United Nations Security Council. The Mission of the United Nations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC abbreviated MONUC (a French Acronym for M ission The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo often referred to as DR Congo, DRC or RDC, and formerly known or referred to The United Nations Angola Verification Mission III is a Peacekeeping mission that existed began operating in Angola in 1995 during the civil war. Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola Pronounced ʁɛˈpublikɐ dɨ ɐ̃ˈgɔlɐ Repubilika ya Ngola is a country in south-central The United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF Zone was established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 350 on 31 May 1974, to The United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus ( UNFICYP) was established in 1964 to prevent a recurrence of fighting between the Cyprus (Κύπρος transliterated: Kýpros,; Kıbrıs officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία Kypriakī́ Dīmokratía The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, or UNIFIL, was created by the United Nations, with the adoption of Security Council Resolution Lebanon (ˈlɛbənɒn Arabic: ar لبنان Lubnān) officially the Republic of Lebanon or Lebanese Republic (ar الجمهورية اللبنانية The United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea ( UNMEE) was established in July 2000 to monitor a Ceasefire in the border war that began in 1998 NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Eritrea () ( Ge'ez: ኤርትራ ʾErtrā, Arabic: إرتريا Iritriya) officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is the interim civilian administration in Kosovo, under the authority of the United The United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL is a peace-keeping force established in September 2003 to monitor a ceasefire agreement in Liberia following the resignation of Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire The United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS was established by the UN Security Council under UN Security Council Resolution 1590 of 24 March 2005 Sudan (officially the Republic of Sudan) ( السودان al-Sūdān is a country in northeastern Africa. The United Nations has played an important role in maintaining peace and order in Jammu and Kashmir since the transfer of Power to India and independence India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and The United Nations Monitoring Verification and Inspection Commission ( UNMOVIC) was created through the adoption of United Nations Security Council resolution Georgia ( საქართველო, Sakartvelo) is a Transcontinental country in the Caucasus region situated at the dividing line between Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. Haiti ( English: ˈheɪ·tiː or haɪ·ˈjiː·tiː French Haïti a·i·ti Haitian Creole: UNTSO is an acronym for United Nations Truce Supervision Organization, an organization founded on 29 May 1948 for Peacekeeping in the Middle East. Following the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed on 21 November 2006 between the Government of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist at the end of the Nepalese Nepal (नेपाल) is a Landlocked country in South Asia. United Nations Operations in Mozambique (ONUMOZ. ONUMOZ was established in October 1992 on the basis of a report submitted by the Secretary-General Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique, ʁɛ'publikɐ d musɐ̃'bik is a country in southeastern Africa The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda ( UNAMIR) was a mission instituted by the United Nations to aid the implementation The Republic of Rwanda (ruːˈændə or /rəˈwɑːndə/ in English ɾwanda or in Kinyarwanda is a small Landlocked country in the The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone ( UNAMSIL) was a United Nations Peacekeeping operation in Sierra Leone from 1999 to 2005 Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. The United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation commonly known as UNCRO is a completed UN Mission Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between UNIKOM, the United Nations Iraq - Kuwait Observation Mission was established on April 9, 1991 following the Gulf War by For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics. The State of Kuwait ( دولة الكويت IPA [dawlatt̪ alkuwajt̪]) is a sovereign Arab Emirate on the coast of the Persian Gulf, enclosed The United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina ( UNMIBH) is an International organization formed under the United Nations Security Council Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Latin script: Bosna i Hercegovina, Cyrillic script: Босна и Херцеговина is a country on the Balkan UN Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP was established on 15 January 1996 as a peacekeeping mission to monitor the demilitarization of the disputed Prevlaka is a small Peninsula in southern Croatia at the entrance to the Bay of Kotor in the eastern Adriatic. The United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan ( UNMOT) was a Peacekeeping mission established by the United Nations Security Council in December Tajikistan (təˈdʒɪkɨstæn or /təˈdʒiːkɨstæn/ Тоҷикистон tɔʤikɪsˈtɔn or, Persian تاجیکستان taajikestaan officially the Republic of United Nations Special Commission ( UNSCOM) was an inspection regime created by the United Nations to ensure Iraq 's compliance with policies concerning For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics. The United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET provided an interim civil administration and a peacekeeping mission in the territory of East Timor, East Timor, also known as Timor-Leste (officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste) is a country in Southeast Asia. The United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia ( UNTAC) was a United Nations peacekeeping operation in Cambodia in 1992-93 The Kingdom of Cambodia ( formerly known as Kampuchea (, transliterated: Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) is a country in South East The Economic and Social Council ( ECOSOC) of the United Nations assists the General Assembly in promoting international economic and social cooperation The Commission for Social Development is one of the ten functional commissions established by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC since Commission on Narcotic Drugs is the central drug policy-making body within the United Nations system The United Nations ´s Commission on Science and Technology for Development ( CSTD) is a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC one The United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development - (CSD - was established in December 1992 by General Assembly Resolution A/RES/47/191 as a functional commission of The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW or UNCSW is a functional commission of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC one of main UN organs within the The Commission on Population and Development is one of the ten Functional Commissions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. The United Nations Statistical Commission oversees the work of the United Nations Statistical Division or UNSD, and is a Functional Commission of the UN The United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF is a high-level intergovernmental policy forum composed of all United Nations Member States. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE or ECE was established in 1947 to encourage economic cooperation among its member States The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ( UNECA or ECA) was established in 1958 by the United Nations Economic and Social Council The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNECLAC or ECLAC was established in 1948 (then as the UN Economic Commission for Latin The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific ( UNESCAP or ESCAP) located in Bangkok, Thailand, is the regional arm of the The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UN-ESCWA headquartered in Beirut, Lebanon, is one of the five regional
The United Nations Secretariat is led by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who is currently Ban Ki-moon of South Korea. The International Labour Organization United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 The World Bank is an internationally supported Bank that provides financial and technical assistance to developing countries for development programs (e The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD is one of five institutions that comprise the World Bank Group. The International Development Association ( IDA) created on September 24, 1960, is the part of the World Bank that helps the world’s poorest countries The International Finance Corporation (IFC promotes sustainable private sector investment in developing countries as a way to reduce poverty and improve people's lives The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA is a member of the World Bank group. The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes ( ICSID) an institution of the World Bank group based in Washington D The International Monetary Fund ( IMF) is an International organization that oversees the Global financial system by following the Macroeconomic The International Civil Aviation Organization ( ICAO) an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation The International Maritime Organization ( IMO) formerly known as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization ( IMCO) is a late 20th century The Universal Postal Union ( UPU, French: Union postale universelle) is an International organization that coordinates postal policies among member The World Intellectual Property Organization ( WIPO) is one of the 16 specialized agencies of the United Nations. The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD a specialized agency of the United Nations, was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO, French/Spanish acronym ONUDI, is a specialized agency in the United Nations system headquartered The International Refugee Organization (IRO was founded on August 20 1946 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II. The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB is the independent and quasi-judicial control organ for the implementation of the United Nations drug conventions The United Nations World Tourism Organization ( UNWTO) headquartered in Madrid, Spain, is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating The United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (acronym UNPFII or PFII) is an advisory body within the framework of the United Nations System The United Nations Secretariat is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and it is headed by the United Nations Secretary-General, assisted by a staff The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations. Ban Ki-moon (born 13 June 1944 Korean: 반기문 Hanja: 潘基文 is the current Secretary-General of the United Nations. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː
See International Court of Justice. The United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services, or OIOS, is a United Nations organ whose primary purpose is to perform world-wide Audit, The United Nations Office of Legal Affairs is a United Nations agency established in 1946, that performs several key functions in the area of International law The United Nations Department of Political Affairs ( DPA) (Département des affaires politiques des Nations Unies (Departamento de Asuntos Políticos de las The Department of Peacekeeping Operations (or DPKO) is a department of the United Nations which is charged with the planning preparation management and direction "OCHA" redirects there See Ocha for other possible meanings The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA is part of the United Nations Secretariat and is responsible for the follow-up to the major United Nations The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC is a United Nations agency that was established in 1997 as the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention The United Nations Office at Geneva ( UNOG) is the second-biggest of the four major office sites of the United Nations The Vienna International Centre (VIC, colloquially also known as UNO City in Vienna is the campus and building complex hosting United Nations organizations in The United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON is one of the four major UN office sites where several different UN agencies have a joint presence See also International Commission of Jurists The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; Cour
The CEB (Chief Executives Board) brings together on a regular basis the executive heads of the organisations of the UN System, under the chairmanship of the Secretary-General of the UN.
There is also a Senior Management Group, which co-ordinates the work of the UN Secretariat and the UN Programmes and Funds, but does not include the UN Specialised Agencies. An Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations ( USG) is a senior Official within the United Nations System, normally appointed by the General Assembly