|Org type||Specialised Agency|
|Head||Thoraya Ahmed Obaid|
|Portal||United Nations Portal|
The United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) began funding population programs in 1969. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. It was renamed the United Nations Population Fund in 1987, but kept its original abbreviation. Year 1987 ( MCMLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar) UNFPA is the world's largest international source of funding for population and reproductive health programs. Within the framework of WHO 's definition of Health as a state of complete physical mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity reproductive The Fund works with governments and non-governmental organizations in over 140 countries with the support of the international community, supporting programs that help women, men and young people:
Together, these elements promote the human right of "reproductive health", that is physical, mental, and social health in matters related to reproduction and the reproductive system. Pregnancy ( Latin graviditas) is the carrying of one or more offspring known as a Fetus or Embryo, inside the Uterus of a Female A sexually transmitted disease ( STD) or venereal disease ( VD) is an illness that has a significant probability of transmission between Humans
In addition to direct action, the Fund raises awareness of these needs worldwide, advocates close attention to population problems, and helps needy countries formulate policies and strategies in support of sustainable development. Since 2001, it has been led by Thoraya Ahmed Obaid. Ms Thoraya Ahmed Obaid is the Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund and Under-Secretary General of the United Nations. The Fund is also represented by UNFPA Goodwill Ambassadors. UNFPA Goodwill Ambassadors are celebrity advocates of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA and utilize their talent and fame to advocate for the human right of reproductive
UNFPA's work is guided by the Programme of Action adopted by 179 governments at the International Conference on Population and Development in 1994. The United Nations coordinated an International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Egypt from 5 - 13 September Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) The conference agreed that meeting people's needs for education and health, including reproductive health, is a prerequisite of sustainable development.
The main goals of the Programme of Action are:
These goals were refined in 1999. Infant mortality is defined as the number of deaths of Infants (one year of age or younger per 1000 live births Life expectancy is the average number of years of life remaining at a given age One of the most important additions concerned HIV:
The Fund promotes a holistic approach to reproductive health care that includes access to a range of safe and affordable contraceptive methods and to sensitive counseling; prenatal care, attended deliveries, emergency obstetric care and post-natal care; and prevention of sexually transmitted infections by promoting safer sexual behavior. Prenatal care refers to the medical care recommended for women before and during Pregnancy. Obstetrics (from the Latin obstare, "to stand by" is the surgical speciality dealing with the care of a woman and her offspring during Pregnancy A sexually transmitted disease ( STD) or venereal disease ( VD) is an illness that has a significant probability of transmission between Humans
UNFPA looks to improve the lives and expand the choices of individuals and couples. After time, the reproductive choices they choose, multiplied across communities and countries, affect population construction and trends.
The work of the agency revolves around improving reproductive health, making motherhood safer, supporting adolescence and youth, preventing HIV/Aids, promoting gender equality, protecting human rights, and securing reproductive health supplies; throughout all this they use a culturally sensitive approach. Their major countries in need are third world countries who deal with these major problems.
The UNFPA supports programmes in four areas, the Arab States and Europe, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the sub-Saharan Africa. They work in more the 140 countries, territories and areas. Around three quarters of the staff work in the field.
The UNFPA works in partnership with other United Nations agencies, governments and communities. Working together, the agency raises awareness and assembles the support and resources needed to attain the targets presented in the Millennium Goals and at the International Conference on Population and Development.
Some of the UNFPA work involves the lead in providing supplies and services to protect reproductive health. They also encourage the participation of young people and women to help rebuild their societies who are affected by poor reproductive health which expands out into areas such as prevention of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/Aids.
The UNFPA has a mission which it wants to accomplish and that is this – UNFPA promotes the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity. UNFPA supports countries in using population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect.
The agency’s main goals are – • Universal access to reproductive health services by 2015 • Universal primary education and closing the gender gap in education by 2015 • Reducing maternal mortality by 75 per cent by 2015 • Reducing infant mortality • Increasing life expectancy • Reducing HIV infection rates
Executive Directors and Under-Secretary General of the UN
2000 - present Ms. Thoraya Ahmed Obaid (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
1987 - 2000 Dr. Ms Thoraya Ahmed Obaid is the Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund and Under-Secretary General of the United Nations. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, KSA ( المملكة العربية السعودية, al-Mamlaka al-ʻArabiyya as-Suʻūdiyya) or Suudi Nafis Sadik (Pakistan)
1969 - 1987 Mr. Dr Nafis Sadik, currently Special Adviser to the UN Secretary General with additional responsibilities as Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Asia, and former head of the Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and Rafael M. Salas (Philippines)
The UNFPA executive director stresses the need to broaden participation and overcome mistrust among partners. Rafael M Salas, was the first head of the United Nations Population Fund from its inception in 1969 up to his death in 1987 (UNFPA The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP
Stephen Moore, of the Club for Growth, has leveled criticism on UNFPA, claiming the organization supports Chinese Population Control measures. Stephen Moore (born February 16, 1960 in Chicago Illinois) is an economist and policy analyst who founded and served as president of the Club for Stephen Moore by David Shankbonejpg|thumb|Founder Stephen Moore]][[Image ClubForGrowthChafeeAd Mr. Moore makes the claim that women in any trimester of pregnancy are strapped down, and their children aborted by the government, against their will, using UNFPA funds. 
However a three-person fact-finding team sent by the U. S. , which spent two weeks traveling throughout China, wrote in a report to the State Department that it found "no evidence that UNFPA has supported or participated in the management of a programme of coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization in China," as has been charged by critics. 
Similar teams sent by the British Parliament and the United Nations found the same result. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security
In 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006, the Bush Administration denied funding to UNFPA that had already been allocated by the U. S. Congress on the grounds that the UNFPA supported Chinese government programs which include forced abortions and sterilizations. In a letter from the Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs Nicholas Burns to Congress, the administration said it had determined that UNFPA’s support for China’s population programme “facilitates (its) government’s coercive abortion programme”, thus violating a 20-year-old law that bans the use of United States aid to finance or support abortions overseas. 
This accusation has never been supported by any investigation, and has in fact been disproved by the various US, UK, and UN teams sent to examine UNFPA activities in China. UNFPA points out that it "does not provide support for abortion services".  Its charter includes a strong statement condemning coercion. ". 
The Bush Administration has, nevertheless, continued to withhold funding, and has fought Congressional efforts to require an explanation of its decision to block the funds.
Nonprofit organizations have sprung up in an attempt to change this policy and to compensate by raising private donations:
The European Union funds the UNFPA and under the Sandbaek report increased the funding in 2003, after the United States denied funding. Americans for UNFPA identifies itself as an organization which "supports the health and dignity of women everywhere The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in The Sandbæk Report was a report authored by Ulla Sandbæk that after being passed by the European Parliament is now a European Union regulation titled Aid for
In mid-April of 1999, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) announced emergency shipments of reproductive health services to Kosovar refugees.
Two weeks before, the Holy See delegation had moved that refugees should receive a much broader range of health and social services. Its proposal, which called specifically for basic services like clean water and safe sanitation, died without support from the wealthy nations. The list of reproductive health supplies sent to 350,000 Kosovar refugees included an oral contraception kit, a sexually transmitted disease kit, intrauterine devices (IUDs), a "complications from abortions" kit, and condoms. The kits also contained emergency contraception pills that prevent a fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus.
Critics charge that UNFPA promotes abortion in refugee camps, which are among the most unsanitary and dangerous places on earth. Other UN agencies, such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, are charged with providing basic health services in refugee camps. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR (established December 14, 1950) is a