|2008 US Open (tennis)|
|Location||Flushing, New York City|
|Venue||USTA National Tennis Center|
|Surface||Hard / Outdoors|
|Men's Draw||128S / 128Q / 64D|
|Women's Draw||128S / 96Q / 64D|
|Grand Slam tournaments|
The US Open tennis tournament is chronologically the fourth and final event of the Grand Slam tennis tournaments. The 2008 US Open was a Tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts. The four Grand Slam tournaments are the most important Tennis events of the year Flushing, founded in 1645 is a neighborhood in the north central part of the City of New York borough of Queens, ten miles (16 km east of Manhattan The City of New York The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been The four Grand Slam tournaments are the most important Tennis events of the year The Australian Open is one of the four Grand Slam Tennis Tournaments held each year The French Open ( Les Internationaux de France de Roland Garros or Tournoi de Roland-Garros) is a major Tennis tournament held over The Championships Wimbledon, or simply Wimbledon, is the oldest Tennis tournament in the world and is widely considered as the most prestigious Tennis is a sport played between two players ( singles) or between two teams of two players each ( doubles) The four Grand Slam tournaments are the most important Tennis events of the year It is held annually in August and September over a two-week period (the weeks before and after Labor Day weekend). Labor Day is a United States Federal holiday observed on the first Monday in September The main tournament consists of five championships: men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles, with additional tournaments for senior, junior, and wheelchair players. Since 1978, the tournament has been played on acrylic hard court at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center at Flushing Meadows-Corona Park in the Queens borough of New York City. Acrylic fibers are Synthetic fibers made from a polymer ( Polyacrylonitrile) with an average molecular weight of ~100000 Hardcourt or hard court describes a form of surface or floor on which a Sport is played Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, often referred to as Flushing Meadow Park or Flushing Meadows Park, is located in northern Queens, New York City In New York City, a borough is a unique form of government which administers the five fundamental constituent parts that make up the consolidated city The City of New York The complex was renamed after King during the 2006 US Open. Billie Jean King ( née Moffitt) (born November 22, 1943, in Long Beach, California) is a retired Tennis The 2006 US Open began 28 August and finished on 10 September, 2006. King is a pioneer in women's tennis and the founder of the Women's Tennis Association (WTA), the Women's Sports Foundation and World Team Tennis (WTT), which she founded with her former husband, Larry King. World TeamTennis is a league of team Tennis in the United States.
The US Open differs from the other 3 Grand Slam tournaments in that there are final-set tiebreaks. In the other three majors, the fifth set for the men and the third set for the women continue until someone wins by two games.
The US Open grew from an exclusive entertainment event for high society to a $17 million prize money championship (about $1. 4 million for each of the winners of the singles tournaments) for over 600 male and female professional players.
The US Open originated from two separate tournaments: the men's tournament and the women's tournament. The event was first held in August 1881 and staged at the Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island (men's singles only). The Newport Casino is located at 186-202 Bellevue Avenue, Newport, Rhode Island, United States. Newport is a city on Aquidneck Island in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States, about 30 miles (48 km south of Providence The championships were known as the U. S. National Singles Championship for men. Only clubs that were members of the United States National Lawn Tennis Association were permitted to enter. From 1884 until 1911 the tournament used a challenge system whereby the defending champion automatically qualified for the next year's final. The Newport Casino hosted the men's singles tournament until 1915 when it moved to the West Side Tennis Club at Forest Hills, New York. The West Side Tennis Club is a private Tennis club located in Forest Hills, a neighborhood in New York City, USA. From 1921 until 1923 it was played at the Germantown Cricket Club in Philadelphia and returned to Forest Hills in 1924. The Germantown Cricket Club is a Cricket club in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə
Six years after the men's nationals were held, the first official U. S. Women's National Singles Championship was held at the Philadelphia Cricket Club in 1887, followed by the U. The Philadelphia Cricket Club is the oldest Cricket club in the US city of Philadelphia, and one of the oldest Country clubs in the nation S. Women's National Doubles Championship in 1889. The first U. S. Mixed Doubles Championship was held alongside the women's singles and doubles. In 1900, the U. S. National Men's Doubles Championship was held for the first time. Tournaments were held in the east and the west of the country to determine the best two teams (sectional winners). These then competed in a play-off — the winner played the defending champions in the challenge round.
The open era began in 1968 when all five events were merged into the newly named US Open at the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, Queens. This article describes the History The West Side Tennis Club is a private Tennis club located in Forest Hills, a neighborhood in New York City, USA. Forest Hills is a neighborhood in the central part of the New York City borough of Queens. Notably, the 1968 combined tournament was opened to professionals; none of the predecessor tournaments allowed professionals to compete. That year, 96 men and 63 women entered the event with prize money amounting to $100,000. In 1970 the US Open was the first of the Grand Slam tournaments to introduce the tie-break at the end of a set. The US Open was originally played on grass until Forest Hills switched to Har-Tru clay courts in 1975. A tennis court is where the game of Tennis is played It is a firm rectangular surface with a low net stretched across the center A tennis court is where the game of Tennis is played It is a firm rectangular surface with a low net stretched across the center In 1978, the event moved from Forest Hills to its current home at Flushing Meadows, and the surface changed again, to the current DecoTurf. DecoTurf is a Tennis hardcourt comprising layers of acrylic, Rubber, Silica, and other materials on top of an Asphalt or (Jimmy Connors is the only man to have won the US Open on more than one surface; in fact, he won it on all three surfaces. James Scott "Jimmy" Connors (born September 2 1952 in East St Female player Chris Evert won it on two different surfaces. Christine Marie "Chris" Evert (Evert-Lloyd 1979–1987 (born December 21, 1954) is a former World No )
In 2006, the US Open became the first Grand Slam tournament to implement instant replay reviews of calls, using Hawk-Eye. The four Grand Slam tournaments are the most important Tennis events of the year For other uses of the term "Instant replay" see Instant replay (disambiguation. Hawk-Eye is a computer system used in Cricket, Tennis and other sports to visually track the path of the Ball and display a record of its actual Available only on the stadium courts (Ashe and Armstrong), each player was allowed two challenges per set plus one additional challenge during a tiebreak but was not penalized with the loss of a challenge if it was upheld. The USTA announced that starting in 2008, each player will be given three challenges per set with an extra challenge if the set goes to a tiebreak.
Once a challenge is made, the official review (a 3-D computer simulation based on multiple high-speed video cameras) is shown to the players, umpires, and audience on the stadium video boards and to the television audience at the same time. The system is said to be accurate to within five millimeters. The Millimetre ( American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to
During the 2006 US Open, 30. The 2006 US Open began 28 August and finished on 10 September, 2006. 5% of men's challenges and 35. 85% of women's challenges were upheld.  During the 2007 US Open, 95 out of 320 challenges were upheld - or 30. The 2007 US Open was held from 27 August to 9 September, 2007, at USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center at Flushing Meadows 6%.
The main court is located at the 24,000-seat Arthur Ashe Stadium, named after Arthur Ashe, the African American tennis player who won the inaugural men's final of the US Open in 1968. Arthur Ashe Stadium, located within Flushing Meadows Park in Flushing Queens New York at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, is the Arthur Robert Ashe Jr ( July 10, 1943 – February 6, 1993) was an African American Tennis player who was born and raised African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa (The British tennis player Virginia Wade won the first woman's US Open final, five months after she turned professional. Sarah Virginia Wade (born July 10 1945 in Bournemouth, Dorset, England is a former professional Tennis player from the United Kingdom ) Court Number 2 is Louis Armstrong Stadium, which stood as the main stadium until the completion of Ashe stadium. Louis Armstrong Stadium is a Tennis stadium of the US Open, the last of each year's four Grand Slam tournaments Court Number 3 is the Grandstand Stadium, which is attached to the Louis Armstrong Stadium. Sidecourts 4, 7 and 11 each have a seating capacity of well over 1,000.
All the courts used by the US Open are lit, meaning that TV coverage of the tournament can extend into prime time to attract more ratings. Prime Time is the major News analysis current affairs and Politics programme broadcast on Radio Telefís Éireann in Ireland This has recently been used to the advantage of the USA Network on cable and especially for CBS, the American broadcast TV outlet for the Open for many years, which used its influence to move the women's singles final to Saturday night to draw better television ratings. USA Network (commonly referred to as USA) is an American Cable television channel with about 89 million household subscribers as of 2005 CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network.
In 2005, all US Open and US Open Series tennis courts were given blue inner courts and green outer courts to make it easier to see the ball. This change has been met with mixed reactions from both players and fans, with many players saying that the ball is no easier to see with the blue courts.
The DecoTurf surface at the US Open is a fast surface, having slightly less friction and producing a lower bounce compared to other hard courts (most notably the Rebound Ace surface formerly used at the Australian Open). DecoTurf is a Tennis hardcourt comprising layers of acrylic, Rubber, Silica, and other materials on top of an Asphalt or A tennis court is where the game of Tennis is played It is a firm rectangular surface with a low net stretched across the center Rebound Ace is a cushioned Tennis hardcourt comprising layers of Polyurethane Rubber, Fiberglass, and other materials on top of an The Australian Open is one of the four Grand Slam Tennis Tournaments held each year For this reason, many serve-and-volley players have found success at the US Open. Serve and volley is a style of play in Tennis where the player serving moves quickly towards the net after hitting a serve.
The total prize money for the 2007 US Open is divided as follows:
|Round of 16||$75,000|
|Round of 16||$25,000|
|Third Round Losers (16)||$8,000|
|Second Round Losers (32)||$5,625|
|First Round Losers (64)||$3,000|
|Total Championship Events||$18,196,000|
|Total for Champions Invitational/Wheelchair Events||$435,000|
|Player per diem||$1,022,000|
|Total Player Compensation||$19,653,000|
|Men since 1881|
|Winner of most Men's Singles titles||Before 1968:|| Richard Sears|
1901, 1902, 1907-1911
|1968-current:|| Jimmy Connors|
|5||1974, 1976, 1978, 1982, 1983|
1990, 1993, 1995, 1996, 2002
|Winner of most consecutive Men's Singles titles||Before 1968:||Richard Sears||7||1881-1887|
|Winner of most Men's Doubles titles||Before 1968:|| Richard Sears &|
|1968-current:|| Bob Lutz|
|4||1968, 1974, 1978, 1980|
1968, 1974, 1978, 1980
1979, 1981, 1983, 1989
|Winner of most consecutive Men's Doubles titles||Before 1968:|| Richard Sears &|
|1968-current:|| Todd Woodbridge &|
|Winner of most Mixed Doubles titles - Men||Before 1968:|| Bill Tilden|
|4||1913-14 with Mary K. Browne, 1922-23 Molla Bjurstedt Mallory|
1943-46 with Margaret Osborne duPont
|1968-current:||Owen Davidson||4||1966 with Donna Floyd Fales, 1967, 1971, 1973 with Billie Jean King|
| Todd Woodbridge|
|3||1990 with Elizabeth Sayers Smylie, 1993 with Helena Sukova, 2001 with Rennae Stubbs|
2003 with Katarina Srebotnik, 2004 with Vera Zvonareva, 2006 with Martina Navratilova
|Winner of most Championships (total: singles, doubles, mixed) - Men||Before 1968:||Bill Tilden||16||7 singles, 5 doubles, 4 mixed doubles|
|1968-current:||John McEnroe||8||4 singles, 4 doubles|
|Women since 1887|
|Winner of most Women's Singles titles||Before 1968:||/ Molla Bjurstedt Mallory||8||1915-18, 1920-22, 1926|
|1968-current:||Chris Evert||6||1975-78, 1980, 1982|
|Winner of most consecutive Women's Singles titles||Before 1968:|| Molla Bjurstedt Mallory|
|Winner of most Women's Doubles titles||Before 1968:||Margaret Osborne duPont||13||1941 with Sarah Palfrey Cooke, 1942-1950, 1955-57 with Louise Brough Clapp|
|1968-current:||/ Martina Navrátilová||9||1977 with Betty Stove, 1978, 1980 with Billie Jean King, 1983-84, 1986-87 with Pam Shriver, 1989 with Hana Mandlíková, 1990 with Gigi Fernandez|
|Winner of most consecutive Women's Doubles titles||Before 1968:||Margaret Osborne duPont||9||1941 with Sarah Palfrey Cooke, 1942-1950 with Louise Brough Clapp|
|1968-current:|| Virginia Ruano Pascual &|
|Winner of most Mixed Doubles titles - Men||Before 1968:||Margaret Osborne duPont||8||1943-46 with Bill Talbert, 1950 Ken McGregor 1958-60 with Neale Fraser|
|1968-current:|| Margaret Smith Court|
Billie Jean King
/ Martina Navrátilová
|3||1969-70, 1972 with Marty Riessen|
1971, 1973 with Owen Davidson, 1976 with Phil Dent
1985 with Heinz Günthardt, 1987 with Emilio Sanchez, 2006 with Bob Bryan
|Winner of most Championships (total: singles, doubles, mixed) - women||Before 1968:||Margaret Osborne duPont||25||3 singles, 13 doubles, 9 mixed doubles|
|1968-current:|| Margaret Court|
/ Martina Navrátilová
|5 singles, 5 doubles, 8 mixed doubles (between 1961-1975)|
4 singles, 9 doubles, 3 mixed doubles
The 2008 tournament is being broadcast in the United States on the USA Network, Universal HD, and CBS HD. List of US Open Men's Singles champions by number of victories List of U The following is a list of players in order of US Open Final Appearances in the Open Era (1968-Present List of US Championships/Open Women's Singles champions by number of victories with years won List of Open Era U See also US Open champions (Men's Singles US Open champions (Women's Singles U The US Open Series is the six-week summer Tennis "season" linking 10 ATP Tour and Sony Ericsson WTA Tour tournaments together List of male tennis players List of female tennis players By championship List of Australian Open champions The United States of America —commonly referred to as the USA Network (commonly referred to as USA) is an American Cable television channel with about 89 million household subscribers as of 2005 Universal HD is an HDTV Cable television network owned by NBC Universal. CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network. Beginning in 2009, the tournament will be broadcast on CBS HD, ESPN 2, and Tennis Channel. ESPN2 debuted on October 1, 1993, as a sister station of ESPN. Tennis Channel is an American Digital cable Television channel with programming devoted to the game of Tennis.
The tournament is being broadcast in the United Kingdom on Sky Sports 2, Sky Sports Xtra, and British Eurosport. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Eurosport is the largest European sports Satellite and cable network available in 54 countries and broadcasting in 20 different languages
|Grand Slam Tournament|
|US Open Series|