|Laid down:||19 September 1890|
|Launched:||2 December 1891|
|Commissioned:||1 August 1893|
|Decommissioned:||29 April 1933|
|Struck:||28 October 1938|
|Length:||384 ft (117 m)|
|Beam:||64. Events 335 - Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I. Year 1890 ( MDCCCXC) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opens 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Year 1893 ( MDCCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orleans. Year 1933 ( MCMXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor. 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine Year 1938 ( MCMXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 9 ft (19. 8 m)|
|Draft:||23. 3 ft (7. 1 m)|
|Speed:||21 knots (39 km/h)|
|Armament:||6 × 8 inch (203 mm) guns,|
12 × 4 inch (102 mm) guns,
8 × 6 pounders (2. 7 kg),
4 × 1 pounders (454 g),
3 × 14 inch (36 cm) torpedo tubes
USS New York (ACR-2) was a United States Navy armored cruiser. The modern torpedo (historically called an automotive automobile locomotive or fish torpedo is a self-propelled explosive Projectile weapon launched above or below The armored cruiser, or armoured cruiser (see spelling differences) is a type of Cruiser, a naval warship. The fourth Navy ship to be named in honor of the state of New York, she was later renamed to USS Saratoga and then USS Rochester (CA-2). New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous
Authorized by Congress in 1888, she was laid down 19 September 1890 by William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia, launched 2 December 1891, sponsored by Miss Helen Page, and commissioned at Philadelphia 1 August 1893, Captain John Philip in command. The United States Congress is the bicameral Legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses Events 335 - Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I. Year 1890 ( MDCCCXC) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common William Cramp & Sons Shipbuilding Company of Philadelphia was founded in 1825 by William Cramp and was the preeminent U Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opens 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Year 1893 ( MDCCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common John Robert Philip (born in Ballarat, 18 January, 1927 - died Amsterdam, 26 June, 1999) was an Australian soil physicist
Assigned to the South Atlantic Squadron, New York departed New York Harbor 27 December 1893 for Rio de Janeiro, arriving Taipu Beach in January 1894, she remained there until heading home 23 March, via Nicaragua and the West Indies. The United States South Atlantic Squadron was a component of the United States Navy following the American Civil War until the early 1900s New York Harbor, a geographic term refers collectively to the rivers bays and tidal estuaries near the mouth of the Hudson River in the vicinity of New York City Events 537 - The Hagia Sophia is completed 1512 - The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil Events 1174 - Jocelin, Abbot of Melrose, is elected Bishop of Glasgow. Nicaragua (ˌnɪkəˈrɑgwə officially the Republic of Nicaragua () is a representative democratic republic and the largest nation in Central America The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting Transferred to the North Atlantic Squadron in August, the cruiser returned to West Indian waters for winter exercises and was commended for her aid during a fire that threatened to destroy Port of Spain, Trinidad. The North Atlantic Squadron was a section of the United States Navy operating in the North Atlantic. Port of Spain is the Capital of Trinidad and Tobago and the country's third largest municipality after Chaguanas Trinidad ( Spanish: " Trinity " is the largest and most populous of the two major islands and
Returning to New York, the cruiser joined the European Squadron, in 1895, and steamed to Kiel, where she represented the United States at the opening of the Kiel Canal. The European Squadron, also known as the European Station, was a part of the United States Navy in the late 19th century and the early 1900s For the city in the United States, see Kiel Wisconsin. For the name see Kiel (name. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Kiel Canal (Nord-Ostsee-Kanal until 1948 known as the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal, is a 61 miles (98 kilometres long Canal in the German Bundesland Rejoining the North Atlantic Squadron, New York operated off Fort Monroe, Charleston, and New York through 1897. Fort Monroe (also known as Fortress Monroe) is a Hampton Virginia, military installation located at Old Point Comfort, which is on the tip of the Charleston is a city in Charleston county in the US state of South Carolina.
New York departed Fort Monroe 17 January 1898 for Key West. Events 38 BC - Octavian marries Livia Drusilla. 1287 - King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca Year 1898 ( MDCCCXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Key West is a city in Monroe County Florida, United States. The city encompasses Key West, the namesake island the part of Stock Island After the declaration of the Spanish-American War in April, New York steamed to Cuba and bombarded the defenses at Matanzas before joining other American ships at San Juan in May, seeking the Spanish squadron. The Republic of Cuba (ˈkjuːbə or) consists of the island of Cuba (the largest and second-most populous island of the Greater Antilles) Isla de la Matanzas is the capital of the Cuban province of Matanzas. It is famed for its Afro-Cuban folklore. San Juan (saŋ hwaŋ (from the Spanish San Juan Bautista, " Saint John the Baptist " is the Capital and largest municipality in Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Not finding it, they bombarded El Morro Castle at San Juan (12 May) before withdrawing. Fort San Felipe del Morro —or El Castillo San Felipe del Morro in Spanish — is a sixteenth-century Citadel which lies on the northwestern-most point Events 1191 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. New York then became flagship of Admiral Sampson's squadron, as the American commander planned the campaign against Santiago; the Battle of Santiago de Cuba, 3 July, resulted in complete destruction of the Spanish fleet. flagship is the lead ship in a fleet of vessels a designation given on account of being either the largest fastest newest most heavily armed or for publicity purposes the most well William Thomas Sampson ( 9 February 1840 &ndash 6 May 1902) was a United States Navy Admiral known for his victory Santiago ( (litteraly in spanish Saint James) is the Capital of Chile, and the center of its largest Conurbation ( Greater Santiago The Battle of Santiago de Cuba, fought between Spain and the United States on July 3 1898, was the largest naval engagement of the Events 324 - Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.
The cruiser sailed for New York, 14 August, to receive a warrior's welcome. Events 1183 - Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures For the next year, she cruised with various State naval militias to Cuba, Bermuda, Honduras, and Venezuela and conducted summer tactical operations off New England. Ba (officially The Bermuda Islands or The Somers Isles) is a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. Honduras in Spanish, República de Honduras) is a democratic republic in Central America. Venezuela (ˌvɛnəˈzweɪlə) officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish República Bolivariana de Venezuela) is a country on the History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the On 17 October 1899, she departed New York for Central and South American trouble areas. Events 539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost Year 1899 ( MDCCCXCIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common South America is a Continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a
New York transferred to the Asiatic Fleet in 1901, sailing via Gibraltar, Port Said, and Singapore to Cavite, where she became flagship of the Asiatic Fleet. The Asiatic Fleet was part of the US Navy. During the World War II era the fleet protected the Philippines. Gibraltar (dʒɨˈbrɒltər is a British overseas territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula overlooking the Strait of Gibraltar Port Said ( Arabic بورسعيد transliterated Būr Saʻīd) is a northeastern Egyptian city near the Suez Singapore Cavite is a province of the Philippines located on the southern shores of Manila Bay in the Calabarzon region in Luzon, She steamed to Yokohama in July for the unveiling of the memorial to the Perry expedition. is the capital of Kanagawa Prefecture, located in the Kantō region of the main island of Honshū and is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area Perry is an Alcoholic beverage made of fermented Pear Juice. It is similar to Cider, in that it is made using a similar In October, New York visited Samar and other Philippine islands as part of the campaign against insurgents. Samar is also a female singer from the United Arab Emirates. Samar is an Island in the Visayas, which is in the On 13 March 1902, she got underway for Hong Kong and other Chinese ports. Events 1138 - Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected Antipope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II. Year 1902 ( MCMII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National In September, she visited Vladivostok, Russia, then stopped at Korea before returning to San Francisco in November. Vladivostok ( is Russia 's largest port city on the Pacific Ocean and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city In 1903, New York transferred to the Pacific Squadron and cruised with it to Ampala, Honduras in February to protect American interests during turbulence there. The Pacific Squadron, also known as the Pacific Station, was part of the United States Navy in the 1800s and early 1900s Amapala is a Municipality in the Honduran department of Valle. Steaming via Magdalena Bay, the cruiser returned to San Francisco, for a reception for President Theodore Roosevelt. Bahía Magdalena (Magdalena Bay is a 50 km long Bay along the western coast of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. Theodore Roosevelt (ˈroʊzəvɛlt October 27 1858 January 6 1919 also known as T In 1904, New York joined squadron cruises off Panama and Peru, then reported to Puget Sound in June where she became flagship of the Pacific Squadron. Panama, officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá) is the southernmost country of Central America. Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. Puget Sound (ˈpjuːʤᵻt is an arm of the Pacific Ocean, connected to the rest of the Pacific by the Strait of Juan de Fuca, in the Pacific Northwest In September, she enforced the President's neutrality order during the Russo-Japanese War. The Russo-Japanese War (日露戦争 Romaji: Nichi-Ro Sensō Русско-японская война Russko-Yaponskaya Voyna;, 10 February 1904 – 5 September New York was at Valparaíso, Chile, from 21 December 1904 to 4 January 1905, then sailed to Boston and decommissioned 31 March for modernization. Valparaíso (literally in Spanish: Valle Paraíso (Paradise Valley and also called "Valpo" locally is a major city in Chile Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the Events 69 - The end of the Year of the four emperors: Following Galba, Otho and Vitellius, Vespasian Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 307 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor
Recommissioning 15 May 1909, New York departed Boston 25 June for Algiers and Naples where she joined the Armored Cruiser Squadron 10 July and sailed with it for home on the 23rd. Events 1252 - Pope Innocent IV issues the Papal bull Ad exstirpanda, which authorizes but also limits the Year 1909 ( MCMIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 524 - Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians Algiers (الجزائر Algerian Arabic: Dzayer ( (From kabyle pronunciation Kabyle: Ledzayer, Alger) is the Capital and largest Naples ( Napoli, Neapolitan: Nàpule) is a historic City in southern Italy, the Capital of the Events 48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium, Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia. Operating out of Atlantic and gulf ports for the next year, she went into fleet reserve, 31 December. Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia.
In full commission again 1 April 1910, New York steamed via Gibraltar, Port Said, and Singapore to join the Asiatic Fleet at Manila 6 August. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1910 ( MCMX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Singapore The City of Manila Events 1538 - Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada. While stationed in Asiatic waters, she cruised among the Philippine Islands, and ports in China and Japan.
She was renamed Saratoga on 16 February 1911, to make the name "New York" available for the battleship BB-34. Events 1249 - Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols Year 1911 ( MCMXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Service Life Ordered south soon after commissioning New York was Flagship for Rear Admiral Frank F
The cruiser spent the next 5 years in the Far East. Steaming to Bremerton, Washington 6 February 1916, Saratoga went into reduced commission with the Pacific Reserve Fleet. Bremerton is a city in Kitsap County, Washington, United States. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats the combined army of Pompeian followers and Numidians under Metellus Scipio Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year The United States Navy maintains a number of its Ships as part of a Reserve fleet, often called the "Mothball Fleet".
As the United States drew closer to participation in World War I, Saratoga commissioned in full 23 April 1917, and joined the Pacific Patrol Force 7 June. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Events 215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Year 1917 ( MCMXVII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events 1099 - The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins In September Saratoga steamed to Mexico to counter enemy activity in the troubled country. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. At Ensenada, Saratoga intercepted and helped to capture a merchantman transporting 32 German agents and several Americans seeking to avoid the draft law.
In November, she transited the Panama Canal, joining the Cruiser Force, Atlantic Fleet at Hampton Roads. The Panama Canal is a man-made Canal in Panama which joins the Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA. Here she was renamed Rochester, 1 December 1917, to free the name "Saratoga" for the new battlecruiser CC-3 (eventually the aircraft carrier CV-3). Events 800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican Battlecruisers were large Warships in the first half of the 20th century that were first introduced by the British Royal Navy. Pre-War Years 1928 – 1940 Saratoga, the first fast carrier in the Navy quickly proved the value of her type An aircraft carrier is a Warship designed with
After escorting a convoy to France, Rochester commenced target and defense instruction of armed guard crews, in Chesapeake Bay. A convoy is a group of Vehicles (of any type but usually motor vehicles or ships traveling together for mutual support This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The Chesapeake Bay is the largest Estuary in the United States. In March 1918, she resumed escorting convoys and continued the duty through the end of the war. On her third trip, with convoy HM-58, a U-boat torpedoed British steamer Atlantian 9 June. U-boat is the anglicized version of the German word, itself an abbreviation of Unterseeboot ( undersea boat) and refers The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Atlantis (in Greek,, "island of Atlas " is the name of a Legendary Island, first mentioned in Plato 's dialogues Events 53 - Roman Emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia 62 - Claudia Octavia commits Rochester sped to her aid but Atlantian sank within 5 min. Other ships closed in, but the sub was not seen again.
After the Armistice, Rochester served as a transport bringing troops back home. In May 1919, she served as flagship of the destroyer squadron guarding the transatlantic flight of the Navy's NC seaplanes. In the early 1920s she operated along the east coast.
Early in 1923, Rochester got underway for Guantanamo Bay to begin another period of service off the coasts of Central and South America.
In the summer of 1925, Rochester carried General Pershing and other members of his commission to Arica, Chile to arbitrate the Tacna-Arica dispute and remained there for the rest of the year. John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing, GCB ( September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was an officer in the United States Army History Francisco Antonio De Zela, a royal accountant (similar in function to a modern-day income tax auditor initiated the push for Peruvian Independence from Spain In September 1926, she helped bring peace to turbulent Nicaragua and from time to time returned there in the late 1920s. Nicaragua (ˌnɪkəˈrɑgwə officially the Republic of Nicaragua () is a representative democratic republic and the largest nation in Central America
After a quiet 1927, Rochester relieved gunboat Tulsa (PG-22) at Corinto in 1928 as Expeditionary Forces directed efforts against bandits in the area. Operation history Early years The patrol gunboat cleared Charleston on 19 January 1924, bound for the Caribbean to join the Special Service Corinto is a town of 17000 (1995 population on the northwest Pacific coast of Nicaragua in the department of Chinandega. Disturbances boiled over in Haiti in 1929, and opposition to the government was strong; inasmuch as American lives were endangered, Rochester transported the 1st Marine Brigade to Port-au-Prince and Cap Haitien. Haiti ( English: ˈheɪ·tiː or haɪ·ˈjiː·tiː French Haïti a·i·ti Haitian Creole: PortAuPrinceTapTapjpg|right|thumb|270px|A taptap (shared taxi in central Port-au-Prince Cap-Haïtien ( Okap or Kapayisyen in Kréyòl) is a city of about 130000 people on the north coast of Haiti. In 1930, Rochester transported the 5 man commission sent to investigate the situation. In March, she returned to the area to embark marines and transported them to the United States. She aided Continental Oil tanker H. ConocoPhillips Company ( is an international energy corporation with its headquarters located in Houston Texas. W. Bruce, damaged in a collision 24 May. Events 1218 - The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt. 1276 - Magnus Ladulås is crowned
In 1931, an earthquake rocked Nicaragua. The 1931 Nicaragua earthquake devastated Managua, Nicaragua in 1931. Rochester was the first relief ship to arrive on the scene and ferried refugees from the area. Bandits took advantage of the chaotic conditions and Rochester steamed to the area to counter their activities.
Rochester departed Balboa 25 February 1932 for service in the Pacific Fleet. Balboa is a district of Panama City, located at the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal. Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor Year 1932 ( MCMXXXII) was a Leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. She arrived Shanghai 27 April, to join the fleet in the Yangtze River in June and remained there until steaming to Cavite, to decommission 29 April 1933. Shanghai ( 上[[wikt 海|海]] is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest urban areas in the world with over 20 million Events 1124 - David I becomes King of Scotland. 1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated Events 1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orleans. Year 1933 ( MCMXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. She would remain moored at the Olongapo Shipyard at Subic Bay for the next 8 years. This article is about the body of water for the Freeport see Subic Bay Freeport Zone, for other uses see Subic Bay (disambiguation. Her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register 28 October 1938, and she was scuttled in December 1941 to prevent her capture by the Japanese. The Naval Vessel Register ( NVR) is the official inventory of ships and service craft in custody of or titled by the United States Navy. Events 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor. 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine Year 1938 ( MCMXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
Since being scuttled, the New York has been transformed into an artificial reef. An artificial reef is a man-made underwater structure typically built for the purpose of promoting marine life in areas of generally featureless bottom The growth of the tourism industry has expanded and Subic Bay has become an upcoming dive vacation location. This article is about the body of water for the Freeport see Subic Bay Freeport Zone, for other uses see Subic Bay (disambiguation. The New York has become one of the most dived ship wrecks in Asia, given her somewhat shallow depth (18 to 27 meters), ease of access, and proximity to other wrecks and activities. The wreck can be dived by most divers.
Basic divers - A beginner dive site. The site allows the diver to have a nice look at an historical wreck. Within the range they can examine is the barrel of an 8 inch gun at about 18 meters and then they can continue the dive at the 14 to 18 meter depth to explore the marine growth. The 110-meter length gives plenty of area to observe as corals, sponges and fish life have had over 60 years to convert it into home. Scorpionfish are common around this wreck and divers are reminded that contact with these fish is dangerous. The scorpionfish are a family ( Scorpaenidae) of mostly marine Fish that includes many of the world's most venomous species
Experienced/advanced divers - More advanced divers can explore the propeller, conning tower and deck areas. The mess deck has an interesting swim of 60 meters with portholes above allowing light, but no exit.
Wreck divers - There are some other areas for the experience wreck diver. The boiler room can be explored on a single tank.
Advanced wreck divers - Those who can dive beyond recreational limits can access the engine room and machinery spaces. These are in excellent condition, with huge pipes, machinery and valve wheels. Penetration is generally made on twin tanks, with reel and advanced wreck diver training. Both engine room entrances are posted with notices warning of the dangers to the untrained.
This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships ( DANFS for short is the primary reference work for the basic facts about every Ship ever used