USS Barr (APD-39) shown after conversion to Auxiliary High Speed Transport
|Laid down:||4 November 1943|
|Launched:||28 December 1943|
|Commissioned:||16 February 1944|
|Decommissioned:||12 July 1946|
|Struck:||1 June 1960|
|Fate:||Sunk as a target off Puerto Rico, 23 March 1963|
|Displacement:||1400 tons standard|
1740 tons full load
|Length:||306 ft (93 m)|
|Beam:||37 ft (11. Events 1333 - Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1065 - Westminster Abbey is Consecrated. 1308 - The reign of Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Events 1249 - Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1191 - Saladin 's garrison surrenders ending the two-year Siege of Acre. Year 1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1174 - Jocelin, Abbot of Melrose, is elected Bishop of Glasgow. Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 3 m)|
|Draft:||9. 5 ft (4. 1 m) standard|
11. 25 ft full load
|Speed:||23 knots (43 km/h)|
|Range:||359 tons oil|
3,700 nautical miles (6,850 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)
6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
|Complement:||15 officers, 198 men|
USS Barr (DE-576/APD-39), originally a Buckley-class destroyer escort, and later a Charles Lawrence-class high speed transport of the United States Navy named for Pvt. Anti-aircraft warfare, or air defense, is any method of engaging hostile military Aircraft in defence of ground objectives, ground or naval forces A torpedo tube is a device for launching Torpedoes in a horizontal direction For the area denial weapon see Czech hedgehog. The Hedgehog was an Anti-submarine weapon developed by the Royal Navy Depth Charge is a character in the Beast Wars: Transformers universe See also List of destroyer escorts of the United States Navy List of frigates of the United States Navy subset of above with hull numbers A Destroyer Escort (DE is the classification for a small relatively slow Warship (when compared to first-rate Naval fleet vessels designed to be used to escort High Speed Transports were converted Destroyers used to support amphibious operations in World War II and afterward Woodrow Wilson Barr of Keyser, West Virginia. Woodrow Wilson Barr ( 8 June 1918 &ndash 7 August 1942) was a United States Marine with the 1st Marine Raider Battalion Keyser is a city in and the County seat of Mineral County, West Virginia, United States.
Barr (DE-576) was laid down on 5 November 1943 at Hingham, Massachusetts, by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Co. Events 1499 - Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier ( Brittany) Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Hingham is a town in Plymouth County on the South Shore of the U Bethlehem Steel Corporation Shipbuilding Division was created in 1905 when Bethlehem Steel Corporation acquired the San Francisco shipyard Union Iron Works ; launched on 28 December 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Events 1065 - Westminster Abbey is Consecrated. 1308 - The reign of Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Cora Dell Barr, Pfc. Barr's mother; and commissioned on 16 February 1944, Lieutenant Commander Henry H. Events 1249 - Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Lieutenant Commander ( Lieutenant-Commander in the Royal Navy) is a Commissioned officer rank in many navies Superior Love in command.
Following shakedown off Bermuda and escort training at Casco Bay, Maine, the destroyer escort reported to Norfolk for antisubmarine duty in the Atlantic off the Cape Verde Islands. Ba (officially The Bermuda Islands or The Somers Isles) is a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. Casco Bay is an Inlet of the Gulf of Maine on the southern coast of Maine, New England. She operated as part of a hunter-killer group built around Block Island (CVE-21) and also composed of Ahrens (DE-575), Eugene E. See also List of US Navy losses in World War II Elmore (DE-686}, and Buckley (DE-51). Throughout May, this task group followed up submarine reports, chasing down sonar contacts that usually proved to be fish or debris. On 6 May, Buckley rammed and sank an enemy submarine, verifying that the waters of the South Atlantic did hide enemy submarines. Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance.
On 29 May, while closing a reported submarine, Block Island suffered a torpedo hit. Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Barr pursued the U-boat, later identified as U-549, until around 2030 when a torpedo struck her too. U-boat is the anglicized version of the German word, itself an abbreviation of Unterseeboot ( undersea boat) and refers U-549 was a Type IXC/40 submarine operated by Germany during World War II. The explosion wrecked the ship aft of the No. 2 engine room, killing four of her crew, injuring 14, and leaving 12 missing. Throughout the night, Barr stayed dead in the water while Robert I. Paine (DE-578) patrolled around her. Eugene E. Elmore took Barr's injured and about half of her crew on board, hooked up a towline to the damaged escort and began the journey to Casablanca, Morocco. Casablanca (in Standard Arabic: الدار البيضاء ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʼ; Moroccan Arabic: dar beïda الدار البيضا Wilhoite (DE-397) relieved Eugene E. World War II North Atlantic operations After her shakedown out of Great Sound Bermuda, from 9 January to 10 February 1944, Wilhoite Elmore; and the Dutch tug, Antic took over and finally towed Barr into port six days later.
Barr stayed in drydock at Casablanca until 2 July while the wreckage of her damaged stern was burned off, spaces cleared of oil and debris, and stern plates welded on for the trip home. Events 310 - Pope Miltiades is elected 626 - In fear of assassination Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival On 3 July, Cherokee (ATF-66) began the long voyage to Boston with Barr in tow. Events 324 - Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium. After a brief stop in Bermuda to avoid a major tropical storm, the ships arrived at the Boston Navy Yard on 25 July. The Boston Navy Yard, originally called the Charlestown Navy Yard and after 1945 called Boston Naval Shipyard, was one of the oldest Shipbuilding facilities Events 285 - Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler
The destroyer escort spent the next three months in drydock being refurbished and converted to a high speed transport. Redesignated APD-39, Barr sailed for Norfolk on 3 November for boat training, and departed that port on the 15th as escort for Teton (AGC-14). Events 644 - Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim Caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina. Commissioning and 1944 Teton was laid down under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 1363 as Water Witch on 9 November 1943 After transiting the Panama Canal and stopping in San Francisco to load more cargo, she and Cecil (APA-96) sailed westward and arrived at Pearl Harbor on 9 December. The Panama Canal is a man-made Canal in Panama which joins the Operational history Iwo Jima Cecil cleared San Francisco 26 November 1944 for amphibious training in the Hawaiian Islands, and preparations Events 536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city
In Hawaii, Barr shuttled between Pearl Harbor and Maui, where she trained with Underwater Demolition Teams (UDTs) for night and day demolitions and shore bombardment. On 10 January 1945, Barr set sail for Ulithi, the main staging area for the invasion of Iwo Jima. Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar Ulithi is an Atoll in the Caroline Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, about 191 km (103 nautical mi east of Yap. Iwo Jima ( 硫黄[[wikt 島|島]] officially Iōtō,also frequently Iōjima: “ Sulfur island” is an island of the Japanese From late January to early February, the fast transport loaded supplies, made repairs, and took part in demolition and reconnaissance training on reefs east of Ulithi. On 10 February, Barr and the other APDs stood out of the lagoon at Ulithi with the Iwo Jima invasion force. Events 1355 - The St Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead The transports rehearsed D day movements at Tinian on the 12th and 13th. Then, the advance group headed for Iwo Jima on the 14th. Barr arrived off the southern end of the island on 16 February; and, that afternoon, her embarked UDT 13 successfully completed its first mission. Events 1249 - Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols The team placed a navigational light on the hazardous Higashi Rocks despite coming under enemy fire. Barr, however, solved the problem, silencing that gunfire with some of her own.
The next morning, following intense shelling by fire support ships and aircraft, the fast transports approached the eastern beaches for reconnaissance by the UDTs. During the afternoon, they made a reconnaissance of the western beaches in the same manner. On 18 February, Barr received orders to land her UDT on the Higashi Rocks again to reposition the light before retiring for the night. As she and Blessman (APD-48) pulled away from the island, a Japanese bomber flew over Barr, crashed Blessman, and caused many casualties.
Barr spent D day, 19 February, in transport areas about 6,000 yards (5,000 m) off the eastern beaches. Events 197 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum Her boats, manned by UDT frogmen, assisted in guiding marines to the landing beaches. Then, until 3 March, the high speed transport took screening station at night and anchored during the day while UDTs worked with the beachmasters to remove underwater obstacles. Events 1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England 1575 - Indian On 4 March, Barr departed Iwo Jima and steamed via Saipan and Guam to Ulithi where she anchored on 12 March. Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Events 538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving
For the next week, the fast transport prepared for the invasion of Okinawa. On the 21st, she stood out of Ulithi as part of the Gun Fire and Covering Force under Rear Admiral Morton L. Deyo. Rear admiral is a Naval Commissioned officer rank above that of a Commodore and Captain, and below that of a Vice Admiral. Vice Admiral Morton Lyndholm Deyo ( 1 July 1887 &ndash November 1973 was an officer in the United States Navy, who was a naval gunfire support The warships arrived off Okinawa on 25 March and approached Kerama Retto to reconnoiter the southwestern tip of Tokashiki. Events 1199 - Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6. During the next four days, Barr put UDT 13 ashore on Keise Shima, a group of small sand and coral islands between Kerama Retto and Okinawa, to gather information and blast passages through the reef for the LSTs.
The Japanese maintained an almost constant aerial onslaught in the early days of the invasion. Barr did not close Okinawa on D day, 1 April, but remained in the transport area as a part of the antisubmarine screen. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne She transferred UDT 13 to Wayne (APA-54) on 6 and 7 April and continued screening until 9 April, when she sailed to Saipan for a week of repairs. World War II Wayne departed Baltimore on 1 September and headed down the eastern seaboard to Norfolk Virginia. Events 529 - First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in Jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Events 193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans)
Barr got underway again on 23 April to escort a convoy of LSTs and LSMs back to Okinawa. Events 215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at biology LSm proteins are a family of RNA -binding Proteins found in virtually every cellular Organism. The fast transport remained off the Hagushi anchorage providing antiair and antisubmarine defense until 27 May, when she headed for Saipan as a convoy escort. Events 927 - Simeon the Great, Tsar of Bulgaria, dies 1120 - Richard III of Capua is anointed A convoy is a group of Vehicles (of any type but usually motor vehicles or ships traveling together for mutual support Leaving the convoy at Saipan, Barr continued on to the Philippines, visiting Leyte and Manila before joining the screen of an Okinawa-bound convoy at Lingayen Gulf. The fast transport resumed screening duties at Okinawa after her return late in June.
After Japan capitulated on 15 August, Barr rendezvoused with HMS King George V and HMS Gambia east of Tokyo, embarked Royal Marines from the two British warships and landed them at Yokosuka. Events 778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, at which Roland is killed Construction Following the tradition of naming the first battleship constructed in the reign of a new monarch after the current Monarch, she was planned to be named Early wartime career She saw active service in the East Indies with the British Eastern Fleet, and was involved in the Battle of Madagascar in After this mission, she proceeded to the north end of the bay to evacuate Allied prisoners of war from central Honshu. During several trips, the fast transport received on board 1,135 former POWs. After the evacuation was completed, Barr made one mail run to Iwo Jima between 24 and 28 September and then remained in port at Tokyo until 12 October, when she was ordered to Nagasaki for duty with the U. Events 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt. Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. S. Strategic Bombing Survey. She served there as a base of operations and as a barracks ship until 1 December when she began the voyage to the United States.
The transport arrived at San Diego on 19 December and, after voyage repairs, continued on to the east coast where she was placed out of commission, in reserve, at Green Cove Springs, Fla. Events 324 - Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor. , on 12 July 1946. Events 1191 - Saladin 's garrison surrenders ending the two-year Siege of Acre. Year 1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Barr remained in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet until the early 1960s. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 1 June 1960, and she was sunk as a target off Vieques Island on 26 March 1963. Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected Events 1026 - Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II as Holy Roman Emperor. Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
Barr received three battle stars for her World War II service.
This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships ( DANFS for short is the primary reference work for the basic facts about every Ship ever used