|Indigenous languages of the Americas|
The Tupi or Tupian language family comprises some 70 languages spoken in South America, of which the best known are Tupi proper and Guarani. South America is a Continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a List of language familiesA language family is a group of Languages related by descent from a common ancestor called the Proto-language of that family Indigenous languages of the Americas (or Amerindian Languages are spoken by indigenous peoples from the southern tip of South America to Alaska and ISO 639-2 is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages South America is a Continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a Old Tupi or Classical Tupi is an extinct Tupian language which was spoken by the native Tupi people of Brazil, mostly those who lived close Guaraní /gwaraˈni/ (local name avañe'ẽ) is an indigenous language of South America that belongs to the Tupí-Guaraní subfamily of the
When the Portuguese arrived in Brazil, they found that wherever they went along the vast coast of this newly discovered land, most natives spoke similar languages. Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Jesuit missionaries took advantage of these similarities, systematizing common standards then named línguas gerais "general languages", which were spoken in that region until the 19th century. The Society of Jesus ( Latin: Societas Iesu, SJ and SI or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order A standard language (also standard dialect, standardized dialect, or standardised dialect) is a particular variety of a Language that Língua Geral ( Portuguese: literally 'common' or 'general language' is the name of two distinct linguae francae spoken in Brazil The best known and most widely spoken of these languages was Old Tupi, a modern descendent of which is still used today by Indians around the Rio Negro region, where it is known as Nheengatu ([ɲɛʔẽŋaˈtu]), or the "fine language". Old Tupi or Classical Tupi is an extinct Tupian language which was spoken by the native Tupi people of Brazil, mostly those who lived close For indigenous peoples in the United States other than Hawaii and Alaska see also Native Americans in the United States. For other uses see Rio Negro (disambiguation Rio Negro ( Portuguese: Rio Negro, Spanish: Río Negro The Nheengatu language often spelled Nhengatu, is also known by the Portuguese names língua geral da Amazônia and língua geral amazônica However, the Tupi family comprises also other languages.
In the neighbouring Spanish colonies, Guarani, another Tupian language closely related to Old Tupi, had a similar history, but managed to resist the spread of Spanish more successfully than Tupi resisted Portuguese. Guaraní /gwaraˈni/ (local name avañe'ẽ) is an indigenous language of South America that belongs to the Tupí-Guaraní subfamily of the Portuguese ( or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain and northern Portugal. Today, Guarani has 7 million speakers, and is one of the official languages of Paraguay and Bolivia. Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay ( Spanish: República del Paraguay; Guaraní: Tetã Paraguái) is one of the only The Republic of Bolivia (República de Bolivia) named after Simón Bolívar, is a Landlocked country in central South America.
The Tupian family includes also several other languages with fewer speakers. It may be related to the Ge and Carib families in a Je-Tupi-Carib grouping. The Cariban languages are an indigenous Language family of South America. Je-Tupi-Carib is a proposed Language family composed of the Macro-Je (or Gê Tupian and Cariban languages of South America.
The largest subgroup within the Tupi language family is Tupi-Guarani, which should not be confused with Tupi or Guarani themselves. Tupi-Guarani ( is the name of the most important subfamily of the Tupi languages of South America. Members of this subfamily are:
Other members of the Tupi language family include: