Native name: 対馬
Tsushima Island (対馬 Tsushima) is a Japanese island situated in the middle of Korea Strait at 34°25'N and 129°20'E. The Korea Strait is a sea passage between South Korea and Japan, connecting the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan (East Sea in For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. |||} A is a local administrative unit in Japan. Cities are ranked on the same level as and, with the difference that they are not a component of. is a city governed by Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It is the only city of Tsushima Subprefecture and it entirely occupies the Tsushima Island The Korea Strait is a sea passage between South Korea and Japan, connecting the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan (East Sea in  It is the largest island of Nagasaki Prefecture. WikipediaWikiProject Japanese prefectures for guidelines --> is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. In the past, a separate provincial branch governed the island. Tsushima Province (対馬国 Tsushima-no kuni) was an old province of Japan (-19c on Tsushima Island which occupied the area corresponding to modern-day In March 2004, all six towns on the island merged to form the city of Tsushima, which encompasses the entire island. are actions taken either within one municipality or between multiple municipalities after making a consensus agreement to do so is a city governed by Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It is the only city of Tsushima Subprefecture and it entirely occupies the Tsushima Island
Tsushima Island is located horizontally west of the Kanmon Strait between Honshū and Kyūshū of the Japan's mainland. The Kanmon Straits (関門海峡 Kanmon Kaikyō or the Straits of Shimonoseki is the stretch of water separating two of Japan 's four main islands or Honshu is the largest Island of Japan. The nation's main island, it is south of Hokkaidō across the Tsugaru Strait, north of or Kyushu is the third-largest Island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands. The Korea Strait splits at the Tsushima Island Archipelago into two channels; the wider channel, also closer to the mainland of Japan, is the Tsushima Strait. The Korea Strait is a sea passage between South Korea and Japan, connecting the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan (East Sea in Ōfunakoshi-Seto and Manzeki-Seto, the two canals built in 1671 and 1900 respectively, connect the deep indentation of the Aso Bay (浅茅湾) to the east side of the island. The archipelago comprises thirteen smaller islets in addition to the main island. An archipelago (ɑrkəˈpɛləgoʊ is a chain or cluster of Islands The word archipelago literally means "chief Sea " from Italian
Tsushima is the closest Japanese territory to the Korean peninsula, lying approximately fifty kilometres from Busan; on a clear day, the hills and mountains of the Korean peninsula are visible from the higher elevations on the two northern mountains. Physical geography See also Geography of North Korea, Geography of South Korea Mountains cover 70 percent of the Korean Peninsula and arable plains are The nearest Japanese port Iki, situated entirely in the Tsushima Basin, is also fifty kilometres away. is a city located at Iki Island in Nagasaki, Japan. As of 2004, the city has an estimated Population of 33202 and the density The ( Ulleung Basin in Korea is an Oceanic basin located where the Sea of Japan (East Sea meets the Korea Strait. The Tsushima Island and the Iki Island contain the Iki–Tsushima Quasi-National Park, designated as a nature preserve and protected from further development. Iki Island (壱岐島 is an island lying between the island of Kyūshū and the Tsushima islands in the Tsushima Strait, the eastern channel of the 89% of Tsushima is covered by natural vegetation and mountains. 
The Japanese government administers the Tsushima Island as a single entity, although it consists of two separate main islands connected by the narrow isthmus outlined by the Aso Bay. Japan no longer officially has the traditional Federal system, and its 47 prefectures, and prefectural and municipal assembly members are popularly elected for An isthmus is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas The northern area is known as Kamino-shima, and the southern island as Shimono-shima. or is the double-mountained 'northern end of Tsushima Island, which lies in the Korea  /  Tsushima Straits between the East China Sea to the south or is the southern end of Tsushima Island, which lies in the Korea  /  Tsushima Straits between the East China Sea to the south and the Sea Both sub-islands have a pair of mountains: Shimono-shima has Mount Yatate (矢立山), 649 metres (2,130 feet) high, and Shira-dake, 512 metres (1,680 feet) high. Kamino-shima has Ibeshi-yama, 344 metres (1,128 feet) and Mi-take, 487 metres (1,598 feet). The two main sections of the island are now joined by a combination bridge and causeway. The island has a total area of 696. 26 square kilometres.
Tsushima has a marine subtropical climate strongly influenced by the monsoon winds. The subtropics are the zones of the Earth immediately north and south of the tropic zone which is bounded by the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of A monsoon is a seasonal prevailing wind which lasts for several months The average temperature is 15. 5°C, and the average yearly precipitation is 2,133 millimetres. The highest temperature ever recorded on the island is 36. 0°C, in 1966, and the lowest –8. 6°C, in 1895. Mostly throughout the year, Tsushima is 1 ~ 2 °C cooler than the city of Nagasaki. ( is the Capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. The island's rainfall is generally larger than that of the main islands of Japan, which is attributed to the difference in their size. Because Tsushima is small and isolated, it is exposed on all sides to moist marine air, which releases precipitation as it ascends the island's steep slopes. Continental monsoon winds carry loess (yellow sand) from China in the spring and cool the island in the winter. Loess is a homogeneous typically non stratified porous Friable,slightly coherent often calcareous fine-grained Silty pale yellow or buff windblown ( aeolian China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National The rainy season begins and ends later than other areas in Nagasaki Prefecture, and Tsushima rarely suffers direct hits by typhoons. A wet season or rainy season is a Season in which the average Rainfall in a region is significantly increased 
According to a 2000 census, 23. 9% of the local population is employed in primary industries, while 19. 7% and 56. 4% of the population are employed in secondary and tertiary industries, respectively. Of these economic activities, fishing amounts to 82. 6% of the primary industry, with much of it dedicated to catching squid on the eastern coast of the island. Squid are marine Cephalopods of the order Teuthida, which comprises around 300 species
The number of employees in the primary industries has been decreasing, while employee growth in the secondary and tertiary industries has increased. Tourism, targeting mainly Koreans, has recently made a great contribution to the islands' economy. Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia.
Tsushima Airport serves the island. Tsushima Airport is an airport in Tsushima, a city in the Nagasaki Prefecture of Japan.
The population of the Tsushima Island has been decreasing significantly, as evidenced by the 5. 2% decrease between the years of 1995 and 2000.  Nuclear families are replacing the traditional extended families, therefore, maintaining the number of households at a smaller population.  The elderly population makes up for nearly a quarter of the population, much higher than 20. 8% of the Nagasaki Prefecture and the national average of 17. 3%.  Religious traditions on Tsushima Island mirror those of the rest of Japan, with a majority of the population adhering to Buddhism or Shinto. Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices is the native religion of Japan and was once its State religion.
|Age 65 & older||4,995||5,437||5,884||6,735||8,016||9,395|
Archeological evidence suggests that Tsushima was already inhabited by settlers from the Japanese archipelago and Korean peninsula from the Jōmon period to the Kofun period. The, which forms the Country of Japan, extends roughly from northeast to southwest along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia mainland washing upon the northwestern Physical geography See also Geography of North Korea, Geography of South Korea Mountains cover 70 percent of the Korean Peninsula and arable plains are The is the time in Japanese prehistory from about 14000 BC to 400 BC. The is an era in the History of Japan from around 250 to 538 The word kofun is Japanese for the type of burial mounds dating from this era According to the Sanguo Zhi, a Chinese historical text, a thousand families in Tsushima founded the Tsuikai kingdom (対海国). The Records of Three Kingdoms ( is the official and authoritative historical text on the period of Three Kingdoms covering from 189 to 280, Chinese civilization originated in various city-states along the Yellow River ( valley in the Neolithic era  These families exerted control over Iki Island, and established trading links with Yayoi Japan. Iki Island (壱岐島 is an island lying between the island of Kyūshū and the Tsushima islands in the Tsushima Strait, the eastern channel of the The is an era in the history of Japan from about 500 BC to 300 AD. Since Tsushima had almost no land to cultivate, islanders earned their living by fishing and trading. Japanese mythology states that Tsushima was one of the eight original islands created by the Shinto deities Izanagi and Izanami. Japanese mythology is a system of beliefs that embraces Shinto and Buddhist traditions as well as agriculture-based Folk religion. is a deity born of the seven divine generations in Japanese mythology and Shintoism, and is also referred to in the roughly translated Kojiki as "male who invites" In Japanese mythology, is a Goddess of both creation and death as well as the former wife of the god Izanagi.
Beginning in the early 6th century, Tsushima was a province of Japan, known as Tsushima Province (対馬国 Tsushima-no-kuni or 対州 Taishū). Tsushima Province (対馬国 Tsushima-no kuni) was an old province of Japan (-19c on Tsushima Island which occupied the area corresponding to modern-day
Under the Ritsuryo system, Tsushima became a province of Japan. is the historical Law system based on the philosophies of Confucianism and Chinese Legalism in Japan. Before the modern prefecture system was established the land of Japan was divided into tens of kuni (国 countries) usually known in This province was politically and economically linked with Dazaifu, the central city of Kyūshū, as well as the central government of Japan. is a city located in Fukuoka prefecture, Japan. Nearby cities include Onojo and Chikushino. or Kyushu is the third-largest Island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands. Due to its strategic location, Tsushima played a major role in defending Japan against invasions from the Asian continent and developing trade lines with Baekje and Silla of Korea. Baekje (18 BCE – 660 CE or Paekche, was a kingdom located in southwest Korea Silla (57 BC – 935 AD was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. After Baekje helped by Japan was defeated by Silla and Tang forces at the Battle of Hakusukinoe in 663, border guards were sent to Tsushima, and Kaneda Castle was constructed on the island. The Battle of Baekgang, also known as Battle of Baekgang-gu or by the Japanese name Battle of Hakusukinoe (白村江の戦い Hakusuki-no-e no
Tsushima Province was controlled by the Tsushima no Kuni no miyatsuko (対馬国造) until the Heian Period, and then by the Ahiru clan until the middle of the 13th century. Kuni no miyatsuko (国造 - also read as Kokuzō or Kuni tsu ko) were officials in Ancient Japan at the time of the Yamato court The is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. The role and title of "Governor of Tsushima" was exclusively held by the Shoni clan for generations. However, since the Shoni actually resided in Kyūshū, it was the So clan, known subjects of the Shoni, who actually exerted control over these islands. The Sō (宗氏 -shi) were a Japanese clan that ruled Tsushima Island from the Kamakura period until the end of the Edo period. The So clan governed Tsushima until the late 15th century.
Tsushima was an important trade center during this period. After the Toi invasion, private trade started between Goryeo, Tsushima, Iki, and Kyūshū, but halted during the Mongol invasions of Japan between 1274 and 1281. The Toi invasion (Japanese ja 刀伊の入寇 toi no nyūkō was the invasion of northern Kyūshū by Jurchen pirates in 1019. The Goryeo Dynasty ( 918 - 1392) (also spelled Koryŏ was a Sovereign state established in 918 by Taejo Wang Kon. Iki Island (壱岐島 is an island lying between the island of Kyūshū and the Tsushima islands in the Tsushima Strait, the eastern channel of the The of 1274 and 1281 were major Military operations undertaken by Kublai Khan to invade the Japanese Islands after conquering Korea Koryosa, a historian of the Goryeo dynasty, mentions that in 1274, an army of Mongol troops that included many Korean soldiers killed a great number of people on the islands. However, the Mongols were prevented from further aggression against Japan.
Tsushima became one of the major bases of the Wokou, Japanese pirates, also called wakō, along with the Iki and Matsuura. is a city located in Nagasaki, Japan. The city was founded on March 31, 1955. Due to repeated pirate raids, the Goryeos and their successors, the Joseons, at times placated the pirates by establishing trade agreements, as well as negotiating with the Muromachi shogunate and its deputy in Kyūshū, and at times used force to neutralize the pirates. was a feudal military dictatorship ruled by the Shoguns of the Ashikaga family In 1389, General Park Wi (朴威) of Goryeo attempted to clear the island of Wokou pirates, but uprisings in Korea forced him to return home.
On June 19, 1419, the recently-abdicated king Taejong of Joseon ordered his trusted general Yi Jong-mu to make an expedition to Tsushima and clear the island of the Wokou pirates, using a fleet of 227 vessels and 17,000 soldiers. Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Taejong (1367 &ndash 1422 r 1400-1418 was the third king of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea and the father of King Sejong the Great. Yi Jong Mu (1360 - 1425 was a Korean general who led the Oei Invasion (Gihae Invasion in Korean to conquer Tsushima Island in 1419
In 1510, Japanese traders initiated an uprising against Joseon's stricter policies on Japanese traders from Tsushima and Iki coming to Busan, Ulsan and Jinhae to trade. Ulsan is a metropolitan city in the south-east of South Korea, facing the East Sea Jinhae (formerly known as Chinhae is a city in South Gyeongsang Province South Korea. The So Clan supported the uprising, but it was soon crushed. The uprising was later came to be known as the "Three-Ports incident" (삼포왜란, 三浦の乱). Trade resumed under the direction of King Jungjong in 1512, but only under strictly limited terms, and only twenty-five ships were allowed to visit Joseon annually. Jungjong of Joseon (1488 &ndash 1544 r1506&ndash1544 born Yi Yeok, ruled during the 16th century in what is now Korea. 
In the late 16th century, Japanese leader Toyotomi Hideyoshi united the various feudal lords (daimyō) under his command, planning to unite all factions with a common cause. Hideyoshi's coalition invaded Joseon Dynasty Korea, in an attack leading to the Seven-Year War. Two Japanese invasions of Korea and subsequent battles on the Korean peninsula took place during the years 1592-1598 Tsushima was the main naval base for this invasion, and in continuing support of the war, large numbers of Korean laborers were transported to Tsushima until 1603.
After Japan's invasion attempts failed, peace was re-established between the two nations. Once again, the islands became a port for merchants. Both the Joseon Dynasty and the Tokugawa shogunate sent their trading representatives to Tsushima, governing trade until 1755. The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the, and the, was a feudal regime of Japan established by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the Shoguns of During the Edo period, Japanese rule was slowly re-established, as the Joseon Dynasty did not intend to colonize the island with its own people, following its policy of leaving islands uninhabited. The, also referred to as the Tokugawa period (徳川時代 Tokugawa-jidai) is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868 However, the Joseon government did not recognize the Japanese claim to Tsushima, and continued printing official maps with Tsushima as part of its own territory until 1860.  In the late 19th century, the Meiji government officially incorporated the island under Japanese rule. The Government of Meiji period Japan from 1868-1911 was an evolution of institutions and structures from the feudal order of the Tokugawa bakufu towards
Because of the abolition of the han system, the Tsushima Fuchu domain became part of Izuhara Prefecture in 1871. The was an act in 1871 of the new Meiji government of the Empire of Japan to replace the traditional feudal domain ( han) system and to introduce In the same year, Izuhara Prefecture was merged with Imari Prefecture, which was renamed Saga Prefecture in 1872. WikipediaWikiProject Japanese prefectures for guidelines --> is located in the northwest part of the island of Kyūshū, Japan. Tsushima was transferred to Nagasaki Prefecture in 1872, and its districts of Kamiagata (上県) and Shimoagata (下県) were merged to form the modern Tsushima City. is a city governed by Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It is the only city of Tsushima Subprefecture and it entirely occupies the Tsushima Island This change was part of widespread reforms within Japan, starting after 1854. Japan was at this time becoming a modern nation state and regional power, with widespread changes in government, industry, and education. Power in international relations is defined in several different ways
After the First Sino-Japanese War ended with the Treaty of Shimonoseki, Japan felt humiliated when the Triple Intervention of the three great powers of Germany, France, and Russia forced it to return the valuable Liaodong Peninsula to China under threat of force. The First Sino-Japanese War ( 日清戦争 Romaji: Nisshin Sensō ( 1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895) was a war fought between The Treaty of Shimonoseki ( Japanese: 下関条約 "Shimonoseki Jōyaku") known as the Treaty of Maguan ( in China was signed at The was a diplomatic intervention by Russia, Germany, and France on 23 April 1895 over the terms of the Treaty of Shimonoseki The Liáodōng Peninsula ( is a Peninsula in the Liáoníng province of northeastern China, historically known in the west as southern east- Manchuria Consequently, the Japanese leadership correctly anticipated that a war with Russia or another Western imperial power was eventually likely. Between 1895 and 1904, the Japanese navy blasted the Manzeki-Seto canal twenty-five meters wide and three meters deep, which was later expanded to forty meters wide and four and a half meters deep (Nagasaki prefectural website), through a mountainous rocky isthmus of the island, between Aso Bay to the west and Tsushima Strait to the east, technically dividing the island into three islands (topographical map). Strategic concerns explain the scope and funding of the canal project by Japan during an era when it was still struggling to establish an industrial economy. The canal enabled the Japanese to move transports and warships quickly between their main naval bases in the Inland Sea (directly to the east), via the Kanmon and Tsushima Strait, into the Korea Strait, or to destinations beyond in the Yellow Sea. An inland sea is a shallow Sea that covers central areas of continents during high stands of Sea level that result in marine transgressions In modern days The Kanmon Straits (関門海峡 Kanmon Kaikyō or the Straits of Shimonoseki is the stretch of water separating two of Japan 's four main islands The Korea Strait is a sea passage between South Korea and Japan, connecting the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan (East Sea in The Yellow Sea is the name given to the northern part of the East China Sea, which is a Marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean.
During the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, the Russian Baltic fleet under Admiral Rozhdestvensky, after making an almost year-long trip to East Asia from the Baltic coast, was crushed by the Japanese under Admiral Togo Heihachiro at the Battle of Tsushima. The Russo-Japanese War (日露戦争 Romaji: Nichi-Ro Sensō Русско-японская война Russko-Yaponskaya Voyna;, 10 February 1904 – 5 September Zinovy Petrovich Rozhestvensky 1 (Зиновий Петрович Рожественский ( - January 14, 1909) was an Admiral Fleet Admiral Marquis (, OM, GCVO, ( 27 January 1848 - 30 May 1934) was a Fleet Admiral in The Battle of Tsushima ( Japanese: 対馬海戦 tsushima-kaisen, Цусимское сражение Tsusimskoye srazheniye) commonly known as the The Japanese third squadron (cruisers) began shadowing the Russian fleet off the tip of the south island, and followed it through the Tsushima Strait where the main Japanese body waited. The battle began slightly east-northeast of the northern island around midday, and ended to its north a day later when the Japanese surrounded the Russian Fleet. Few battles in history have been so decisive.
During the Korean War, when the Korean People's Army approached the coastal areas of South Korea near Pusan in August 1950, Tsushima acted as a refuge centre for many prominent South Koreans. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the The Korean People's Army (short KPA is the Military of North Korea. 
In the 1973 one of the transmitters for the OMEGA-navigation system was built on Tsushima. OMEGA was the first truly global Radio navigation system for aircraft operated by the United States in cooperation with six partner nations It was dismantled in 1998.
Today, Tsushima is part of the newly reorganized Nagasaki Prefecture of Japan. WikipediaWikiProject Japanese prefectures for guidelines --> is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. On March 1, 2004, the six towns on the island, including Izuhara, Mitsushima, Toyotama, Mine, Kami-agata, and Kami-tsushima, were merged to create Tsushima City. Events 86 BC - Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army enters in Athens, removing the Tyrant "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " is a city governed by Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It is the only city of Tsushima Subprefecture and it entirely occupies the Tsushima Island
Before the rise of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea, the Koreans periodically considered Tsushima to be Korean territory.  Some Koreans believe that the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla took Tsushima as a dependency, though it is not known whether actual control was exerted over the island. Silla (57 BC – 935 AD was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.  After the Ōei Invasion in 1419, Sō Sadamori, the lord of Tsushima Province, surrendered to Korea and sent emissaries with gifts for the Korean kings several times in the ensuing years. The Ōei Invasion (known in Korea as the Gihae Eastern Expedition, Gihae of the Chinese Sexagenary cycle in this case referring to 1419 was Tsushima Province (対馬国 Tsushima-no kuni) was an old province of Japan (-19c on Tsushima Island which occupied the area corresponding to modern-day In the first leap month of 1420, Sadamori promised to take steps to control the wokou threat, and agreed to enter into a tributary relationship with Korea in order to gain access to trade with the kingdom. King Sejong granted this request and let him report to Kyongsang province not to Seoul directly. Gyeongsang ( Gyeongsang-do) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. Seoul ( soʊl is the Capital and largest City of South Korea.  As a result of the terms agreed to after this invasion, and in later treaties, Tsushima became a trading hub between Japan and Korea.
After World War II, a movement to claim Tsushima arose in South Korea, citing its historical relations to the various kingdoms of Korea. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including In 1948, the office of the Political Advisor of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP) received a document titled "Request for Arrangement of Lands Between Korea and Japan. Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers ( SCAP) was the title held by General Douglas MacArthur during the Occupation of Japan following World War II " It was said to come from the "Patriotic Old Men's Association" of Seoul, South Korea. The document was a South Korea's sovereignty claims over the islands of Ulleung-do, Liancourt Rocks (Dokdo/Takeshima), and Tsushima. Sovereignty is the exclusive Right to control a Government, a country, a people or oneself Ulleungdo (also spelled Ulreungdo) is a South Korean island in the Sea of Japan (East Sea Although from a private organization, the document followed the thinking of South Korea President Syngman Rhee regarding disputes with Japan. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː Syngman Rhee or Yi Seungman ( March 26, 1875 – July 19, 1965) was the first president of South Korea.  In a New Year's press conference in 1949, South Korean President Syngman Rhee formally requested that Japan cede the island to Korean rule.
This claim was rejected by the SCAP under General Douglas MacArthur within 1949. General MacArthur redirects here for other meanings see General MacArthur (disambiguation. Subsequent investigations, both historical and governmental, have shown the difficulty of assessing this claim.
As of July 19, 1951, South Korean government had been agreeing that the demand of Tsushima had already been omitted. Later, in the 1951 San Francisco Peace Treaty, it was formally declared that the sovereignty of Tsushima was to be handed to Japan. Attending countries Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Cambodia, Canada, Chile 
Provoked by Shimane prefecture's claim to the Liancourt Rocks, the South Korean city of Masan declared June 19 "Daemado day" on March 18, 2005, claiming Tsushima — Daemado (Hangul: 대마도; Hanja: 對馬島) in Korean — as part of the South Gyeongsang province of South Korea. WikipediaWikiProject Japanese prefectures for guidelines --> is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshū Masan is a city in South Gyeongsang Province South Korea. The city is situated on Masan Bay (마산만 Masan-man) approximately Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Events 37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius ' will and proclaims Caligula emperor Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. More specifically it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated Gyeongsangnam-do (South Gyeongsang is a province in the southeast of South Korea.  The Masan council replied that it would not retract its claim, stating that Tsushima was never formally ceded to Japan. The Japanese government did not make any official response to the city council's claim. Japan no longer officially has the traditional Federal system, and its 47 prefectures, and prefectural and municipal assembly members are popularly elected for The municipal council in Tsushima did make a strong protest to the municipal council of Masan on October 6, 2006, demanding the withdrawal of the ordinance, but Masan rejected the appeal. Events 105 BC - Battle of Arausio: The Cimbri inflict the heaviest defeat on the Roman army of Gnaeus Mallius Maximus Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.  In addition, the council has also rejected calls by South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade to withdraw the claim.