|Colleges of the University of Cambridge|
|College name||The Master, Fellows and Scholars of the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity in the Town and University of Cambridge|
|Motto||Virtus Vera Nobilitas|
(Latin: Virtue is true nobility)
|Named after||The Holy Trinity|
|Previously named||King’s Hall and Michaelhouse (until merged in 1546)|
|Admittance||Men and women|
|Master||The Lord Rees of Ludlow|
|Sister college||Christ Church, Oxford|
|Boat Club website|
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. This is a list of the colleges within the University of Cambridge. The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University) located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. SSC RF "Troitsk Institute of Innovative and Termonuclear Research" or TRINITY for shprt Троицкий Институт инновационных и термоядерных King's Hall was once one of the constituent colleges of Cambridge, founded in 1317, the second after Peterhouse. Michaelhouse is the name of one of the former colleges of the University of Cambridge, that existed between 1323 and 1546, when it was merged with Martin John Rees Baron Rees of Ludlow, OM, PRS (born 23 June 1942 in York) is an English cosmologist Most of the colleges forming the University of Cambridge and University of Oxford are paired into sister colleges across the two universities Not to be confused with Christchurch, a city in New Zealand. Christ Church (Ædes Christi the temple or house of Christ and thus sometimes known as Great Court is the main court of Trinity College Cambridge, and reputed to be the largest enclosed court in Europe This is a list of the colleges within the University of Cambridge. The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University) located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the The city of Cambridge (ˈkeɪmbrɪdʒ is a university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire, England England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Trinity has more students than any other college in Cambridge or Oxford, with around 660 undergraduates, 430 graduates, and over 160 Fellows. The University of Oxford (informally "Oxford University" or simply "Oxford" located in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England is the In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. See also Postgraduate Training in Education Postgraduate education (synonymous in North America with graduate education, and sometimes described A fellow in the broadest sense is someone who is an equal or a comrade It is also the wealthiest Oxbridge college with an estimated financial endowment of approximately £700 million (as of 2005), in addition to which Trinity's land is insured for approx. Oxbridge was originally a fictional composite of the University of '''Ox'''ford and the University of Cam'''bridge''' in England, and the term is now A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested £266. 5 million (this does not include all fixed assets). Trinity considers itself to be "a world-leading academic institution with an outstanding record of education, learning and research", and on a per-student basis, is one of the best-endowed educational institutions in the world - amounting to approximately £640,000 per student in 2005, more than ten times the average of £63,000 at all the other colleges.
Like its sister college, Christ Church, Oxford, it has traditionally been considered the most aristocratic of the Cambridge colleges - it has generally been the academic institution of choice of the Royal Family (King Edward VII, King George VI, Prince Henry of Gloucester, Prince William of Gloucester and Edinburgh and Prince Charles were all undergraduates). Not to be confused with Christchurch, a city in New Zealand. Christ Church (Ædes Christi the temple or house of Christ and thus sometimes known as The British Royal Family is the group of close relatives of the monarch of the United Kingdom. The Prince Henry Duke of Gloucester (Henry William Frederick Albert 31 March 1900 – 10 June 1974 was a member of the British Royal Family, the third son of George V Prince William Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (William Frederick 15 January 1776 – 30 November 1834) was a member of the British Royal The Push Guide to Which University (2005) called it "arguably the grandest Cambridge college" and it has been called "the most magnificent collegiate institution in England. ". However, the proportion of state school to public school pupils is now roughly equal, in line with most other Cambridge colleges. Nevertheless, in 2005 it had the lowest state school intake (42%) of any college, though this figure fluctuates from year to year.  It first admitted women undergraduates in 1978; women had been admitted as graduate students from 1976, and the College appointed its first female fellow in 1977. 
The college is a major landowner, including holdings in the Port of Felixstowe, and the Cambridge Science Park. The Port of Felixstowe, in Suffolk is the UK's busiest container port dealing with 35% of the country's container cargo The Cambridge Science Park, founded by Trinity College Cambridge in 1970 is the oldest Science park in the United Kingdom. Trinity has a very strong academic tradition, with members having won thirty-one Nobel Prizes (more than most countries, with the exception of the United States, Germany, and France, and not counting the United Kingdom), five Fields Medals (mathematics), one Abel Prize (mathematics) and two Templeton Prizes (religion). The Nobel Prize (Nobelpriset (Nobelprisen is a Swedish prize established in the 1895 will of Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel; it was first awarded in Peace, Literature The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two three or four Mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical The Abel Prize is an international prize presented annually by the King of Norway to one or more outstanding Mathematicians The prize is named after Norwegian The Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries about Spiritual Realities is a prize given out annually by the Templeton Foundation. Trinity has many distinguished alumni – the most notable being Sir Isaac Newton. Sir Isaac Newton, FRS (ˈnjuːtən 4 January 1643 31 March 1727) Biography Early years See also Isaac Newton's early life and achievements It has also educated six British Prime Ministers, more than any other Cambridge college. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the political leader of the United Kingdom
Trinity has many college societies, and its rowing club is the First and Third Trinity Boat Club. GB coxless pair of Toby Garbett & Rick Dunn at Henley Royal Regatta 2004 The First and Third Trinity Boat Club is the rowing club of Trinity College in Cambridge, England. Trinity's May Ball, named after the Boat Club, is the largest and most traditional of Cambridge's May Balls. A May Ball is a ball at the end of the academic year at one of the colleges of the University of Cambridge.
The first formalized version of the rules of football, known as the Cambridge Rules, was drawn up by Cambridge student representatives of leading public schools at Trinity College in 1848  . Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered The Cambridge Rules were a code of football rules first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848 by a committee that included H
The college was founded by Henry VIII in 1546, from the merger of two existing colleges: Michaelhouse (founded by Hervey de Stanton in 1324), and King’s Hall (established by Edward II in 1317 and refounded by Edward III in 1337). Henry VIII (28 June 1491 &ndash 28 January 1547 was King of England and Lord of Ireland, later King of Ireland and claimant to the Kingdom of Michaelhouse is the name of one of the former colleges of the University of Cambridge, that existed between 1323 and 1546, when it was merged with Hervey de Stanton or Staunton (1260&ndashNovember 1327 was an English judge Chief Justice of the King’s Bench and Chancellor of the Exchequer. King's Hall was once one of the constituent colleges of Cambridge, founded in 1317, the second after Peterhouse. For the play see Edward II (play. For the film see Edward II (film. Edward III (13 November 1312 &ndash 21 June 1377 was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages.
At the time, Henry had been wiping out and seizing church lands from abbeys and monasteries. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge, being both religious institutions and quite rich, expected to be next in line. The University of Oxford (informally "Oxford University" or simply "Oxford" located in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England is the The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University) located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the The king duly passed an Act of Parliament that allowed him to suppress (and confiscate the property of) any college he wished. An Act of Parliament is a Law enacted as Primary legislation by a national or sub-national Parliament.
The universities used their contacts to plead with his sixth wife, Catherine Parr. Catherine Parr ( c 1512 &ndash 5 September 1548 also known as Katherine or Katharine Parr(e, was the last of the six wives of Henry The queen persuaded her husband not to close them down, but to create a new college. The king did not want to use royal funds, so he instead combined two colleges (King’s Hall and Michaelhouse) and seven hostels (Physwick (formerly part of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge), Gregory’s, Ovyng’s, Catherine’s, Garratt, Margaret’s, and Tyler’s) to form Trinity. King's Hall was once one of the constituent colleges of Cambridge, founded in 1317, the second after Peterhouse. Michaelhouse is the name of one of the former colleges of the University of Cambridge, that existed between 1323 and 1546, when it was merged with Gonville and Caius College Cambridge is a constituent College of Cambridge University, one of the world's most academically respected institutions This, combined with lands confiscated from the Church, caused Trinity to be the richest and biggest college.
Most of the college’s major buildings date from the 16th and 17th centuries. Thomas Nevile, who became Master of Trinity in 1593, rebuilt and re-designed much of the college. Thomas Nevile (died 1615 was an English clergyman and academic who was Dean of Peterborough (??-1597 and Canterbury (1597-?? Master of Magdalene College This work included the enlargement and completion of Great Court, and the construction of Nevile’s Court between Great Court and the river Cam. Great Court is the main court of Trinity College Cambridge, and reputed to be the largest enclosed court in Europe Nevile's Court is a court in Trinity College Cambridge, created by a bequest by the college's master Thomas Nevile. The River Cam is a Tributary of the River Great Ouse in the east of England. Nevile’s Court was completed in the late 17th century when the Wren Library, designed by Sir Christopher Wren, was built. The Wren Library is the library of Trinity College in Cambridge. Sir Christopher Wren ( 20 October 1632 &ndash 25 February 1723) was a 17th century English Designer, Astronomer
In the 20th century, Trinity College and King’s College were for decades the main recruiting grounds for the Cambridge Apostles, an elite, intellectual secret society. King's College Cambridge is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The Cambridge Apostles, also known as the Cambridge Conversazione Society, is an elite intellectual Secret society at the University of Cambridge founded
The full name of the college is The Master, Fellows and Scholars of the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity in the Town and University of Cambridge.
There are also College rooms above shops in Bridge Street and Jesus Lane, behind Whewell’s Court and graduate accommodation in Portugal Street and other roads around Cambridge.
The Great Court Run
The Great Court Run is an attempt to run round the perimeter of Great Court (approximately m367, in the 43 seconds during the clock striking twelve. Great Court is the main court of Trinity College Cambridge, and reputed to be the largest enclosed court in Europe Students traditionally attempt to complete the circuit on the day of the Matriculation Dinner. It is a rather difficult challenge: one needs to be a fine sprinter to achieve it, but it is by no means necessary to be of Olympic standard, despite assertions made in the press
It is widely believed that Sebastian Coe successfully completed the run when he beat Steve Cram in a charity race in October 1988. Sebastian Newbold Coe Baron Coe, KBE (born 29 September 1956, and often nicknamed Seb Coe) is a British former top-level Stephen "Steve" Cram MBE (born October 14 1960, in Jarrow, Tyne and Wear, England) is a retired Sebastian Coe's time on 29 October 1988 was reported by Norris McWhirter to have been 45. Norris Dewar McWhirter, CBE ( August 12 1925 – April 19 2004) was a Writer, political activist, co-founder 52 seconds, but it was actually 46. 0 seconds (confirmed by the video tape), while Cram's was 46. 3 seconds. The clock on that day took 44. 4 seconds (i. e. a "long" time, probably two days after the last winding) and the video film confirms that Coe was some 12 metres short of his finish line when the fateful final stroke occurred. The television commentators were more than a little disingenuous in suggesting that the dying sounds of the bell could be included in the striking time, thereby allowing Coe's run to be claimed as successful.
One reason Olympic runners Cram and Coe found the challenge so tough is that they started at the middle of one side of the Court, thereby having to negotiate four right-angle turns. In the days when students started at the corner, only three turns were needed.
Until the mid 1990s, the run was traditionally attempted by first year students, at midnight following their Matriculation Dinner. Following a number of accidents to drunk undergraduates running on slippery cobbles, the college now organises a more formal Great Court Run, at 12 noon: the challenge is only open to freshers, many of whom compete in fancy dress.
One Sunday each June (the exact date depends on the university term), the College Choir perform a short concert immediately after the clock strikes noon. Great Court is the main court of Trinity College Cambridge, and reputed to be the largest enclosed court in Europe The Choir of Trinity College Cambridge is a mixed choir whose primary function is to sing choral services in the Tudor chapel of Trinity College Cambridge Known as Singing from the Towers, half of the choir sings from the top of Great Gate, while the other half sings from the top of the Clock Tower (approximately 60 metres away), giving a strong antiphonal effect. This article is about the musical term See Antiphon (person the orator of ancient Greece Midway through the concert, a brass band performs from the top of Queen’s Tower. Later that same day, the College Choir gives a second open-air concert, known as Singing on the River, where they perform madrigals (and arrangements of popular songs) from a raft of punts on the river. A madrigal is a type of Secular vocal music composition written during the Renaissance and early Baroque eras This article concentrates on the history and development of punts and punting in England for other usages see Norfolk punt and the general disambiguation pages at Punt The River Cam is a Tributary of the River Great Ouse in the east of England. As a 'tradition', however, this latter event dates back only to the mid-1980s, when the College Choir first acquired female members. In the years immediately before this an annual concert on the river was given by the University Chamber Choir.
Another tradition relates to a duck (known as the Mallard), which resides in the rafters of the Great Hall. Students occasionally move the duck from one rafter to another (without permission from the college), having been photographed with the mallard as proof. This is considered difficult and access to the Hall outside meal-times is prohibited. In addition, the rafters are high so it has not been attempted for several years. During the Easter term of 2005, several pigeons entered the Hall through the windows in the pinnacle, and one knocked the Mallard off its rafter. It was found intact on the floor, and revealed to not be made out of wood as previously believed. It is currently held by the College catering staff. It is unknown whether it will be reinstated.
Bicycles and chair legs
For many years it was the custom for students to place a bicycle high in branches of the tree in the centre of New Court. Usually invisible except in winter, when the leaves had fallen, such bicycles tended to remain for several years before being removed by the authorities. The students then inserted another bicycle. Similarly, the sceptre held by the statue of Henry VIII mounted above the medieval Great Gate was replaced with a chair leg as a prank many years ago. It has remained there to this day: when in the 1980s students exchanged the chair leg for a bicycle pump, the College replaced the chair leg.
The college remains a great rival of St John’s who are their main competitor in sports and academia (John’s is situated next to Trinity). St John's College, an institution known formally as The Master Fellows and Scholars of the College of St John the Evangelist in the University of Cambridge is a This has given rise to a number of anecdotes and myths. It is often cited as the reason why the courts of Trinity generally have no J staircases, despite including other letters in alphabetical order. Burrell’s Field and Whewell's Court have a J staircase but New, Great and Nevile’s Courts skip the letter. The reason is more one of tradition and the absence of the letter J in the Roman alphabet. There are also two small muzzle-loading cannons on the bowling green pointing in the direction of John’s, though this orientation may be coincidental.
Minor Traditions Trinity College undergraduate gowns are dark blue, as opposed to the black favoured by most other Cambridge colleges. Unlike any other Cambridge college the porters always wear black bowler hats. The majority of Colleges at the universities of Cambridge, Oxford, Durham and other collegiate universities such as York have members of staff The bowler hat, also known as a derby (US or billycock, is a Hard Felt Hat with a rounded crown originally created in 1849 for Edward This tradition is shared with Trinity's sister college Christ Church, Oxford. Not to be confused with Christchurch, a city in New Zealand. Christ Church (Ædes Christi the temple or house of Christ and thus sometimes known as As with many other Cambridge colleges, the grassed courtyards are generally out of bounds for everyone except the Fellows. Only one of two meadows on “the Backs” (riverside area behind the college) are accessible to students. Other lawns are accessible to graduates in formal gowns.
The Scholars, together with the Master and Fellows, make up the Foundation of the College.
In order of seniority:
Research Scholars receive funding for graduate studies. Typically one must graduate in the top ten percent of one's class and continue for graduate study at Trinity. They are given first preference in the assignment of college rooms and number approximately 25.
The Senior Scholars consist of those who attain a degree with First Class honours or higher in any year after the first of an undergraduate tripos, but also, those who obtain an extremely good First in their first year. The British undergraduate degree classification system is a grading scheme for Undergraduate degrees ( Bachelor's degrees and some Master's degrees The University of Cambridge, England, divides the different kinds of honours Bachelor's degree by Tripos ( a word which has an obscure For example in the Mathematics tripos a result in the top three would be required to gain this position early. The college pays them a stipend of £250 a year and also allows them to choose rooms directly following the research scholars. There are around 40 senior scholars at any one time.
The Junior Scholars are precisely those who are not senior scholars but still obtained a First in their first year. Their stipend is £175 a year. They are given preference in the room ballot over 2nd years who are not scholars.
These scholarships are tenable for the academic year following that in which the result was achieved. If a scholarship is awarded but the student does not continue at Trinity then only a quarter of the stipend is given. However all students who achieve a First are awarded an additional £200 prize upon announcement of the results.
All final year undergraduates who achieve first-class honours in their final exams are offered full financial support for proceeding with a Master’s degree at Cambridge (this funding is also sometimes available for good students who achieved high second-class honours). Other support is available for PhD degrees. A doctorate is an Academic degree that indicates the highest level of academic achievement The College also offers a number of other bursaries and studentships open to external applicants. The highly-regarded right to walk on the grass in the college courts is exclusive to Fellows of the college and their guests. Scholars do however have the right to walk on Scholar’s Lawn, but only in full academic dress.
Trinity College has a long-standing relationship with the Parish of St George’s, Camberwell, in South London. Camberwell is a district of London, England and forms part of the London Borough of Southwark. Students from the College have helped to run holiday schemes for children from the parish since 1966. The relationship was formalized in 1979 with the establishment of Trinity in Camberwell as a registered charity (Charity Commission no. 279447) which exists ‘to provide, promote, assist and encourage the advancement of education and relief of need and other charitable objects for the benefit of the community in the Parish of St George’s, Camberwell, and the neighbourhood thereof. Camberwell is a district of London, England and forms part of the London Borough of Southwark. ’
Many apocryphal stories have been told about the college’s wealth. Trinity is sometimes suggested to be the second, third or fourth wealthiest landowner in the UK (or in England) - after the Crown Estate, the National Trust and the Church of England. Crown land is a designated area belonging to The Crown, the equivalent of an entailed estate that passed with the Monarchy and could not be The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, usually known as the National Trust, is a conservation organization in England, Wales The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England, the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican (A variant of this legend is repeated in the Tom Sharpe novel Porterhouse Blue. Tom Sharpe (born 30 March 1928 is an English satirical Author, born in London and educated at Lancing College and at Pembroke Porterhouse Blue is a novel written by Tom Sharpe, first published in 1974. ) This story is frequently repeated by tour guides. In 2005, Trinity's annual rental income from its properties was reported to be in excess of £20 million. In comparison, the National Trust's rental income in 2005-6 was around £78 million. (See Trinity College's riches)
A second legend is that it is possible to walk from Cambridge to Oxford on land solely owned by Trinity. There are a number of popular legends associated with Cambridge University and its history often recounted by punt guides to tourists whilst cruising the Oxford is currently bidding for the 2010 Wikimania Conference Oxford () is a city, and the County town of Oxfordshire, Several varieties of this legend exist - others refer to the combined land of Trinity College, Cambridge and Trinity College, Oxford, or of Trinity College, Cambridge and Christ Church, Oxford. The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity in the University of Oxford of the foundation of Sir Thomas Pope (Knight, or Trinity College for short is one of the Not to be confused with Christchurch, a city in New Zealand. Christ Church (Ædes Christi the temple or house of Christ and thus sometimes known as All are most certainly false.
Trinity has a tradition of maintaining extensive wine cellars beneath Great Court and Whewell's Court, the size and value of which is the subject of rumour. A wine cellar is a storage room for Wine in Bottles or Barrels, or more rarely in Carboys Amphorae or plastic containers
Trinity also lays claim to the invention of an English, less sweet, version of crème brûlée sometimes known as “Trinity burnt cream”, although the college catering department refers to it as "Trinity Creme Brulee. Crème brûlée (or Crème brulée in L'Orthographie 1990) ( French for "burnt cream" ˌkrɛm bruːˈleɪ in English, kʁɛm bʁyˈle "
Also see Category:Alumni of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Category:Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge
|J. J. Thomson||Physics||1906|
|Charles Glover Barkla||Physics||1917|
|Archibald V. Hill||Physiology or Medicine||1922|
|Sir Austen Chamberlain||Peace||1925|
|Owen Willans Richardson||Physics||1928|
|Sir Frederick Hopkins||Physiology or Medicine||1929|
|Edgar Douglas Adrian||Physiology or Medicine||1932|
|Sir Henry Dale||Physiology or Medicine||1936|
|George Paget Thomson||Physics||1937|
|Alan Lloyd Hodgkin||Physiology or Medicine||1963|
|Sir Andrew Huxley||Physiology or Medicine||1963|
|Brian David Josephson||Physics||1973|
|James Meade||Economic Sciences||1977|
|James Mirrlees||Economic Sciences||1996|
|Amartya Sen||Economic Sciences||1998|
|Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman||Liberal||1905-1908|
Other Trinity politicians include Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, courtier of Elizabeth I; William Waddington, Prime Minister of France; Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India, Erskine Childers, President of the Irish Republic; Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India; Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of Singapore and Willie Whitelaw, Margaret Thatcher's Home Secretary. This is a selective list of notable alumni of Trinity College Cambridge sorted into chronological order John William Strutt 3rd Baron Rayleigh OM (12 November 1842 &ndash 30 June 1919 was an English Physicist who with William Ramsay, discovered Sir Joseph John “JJ” Thomson, OM, FRS (18 December 1856 &ndash 30 August 1940 was a British Physicist and Nobel laureate Ernest Rutherford 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, OM, PC, FRS (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937 was a New Zealand Physicist Sir William Henry Bragg OM, KBE (2 July 1862 – 10 March 1942 was a British Physicist and Chemist who uniquely shared the Sir William Lawrence Bragg CH, FRS, ( 31 March 1890 – 1 July 1971) was an Australian Physicist Charles Glover Barkla ( June 27, 1877 &ndash October 23, 1944) was an English physicist. Niels Henrik David Bohr (nels ˈb̥oɐ̯ˀ in Danish 7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962 was a Danish Physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding Francis William Aston ( September 1 1877 &ndash November 20 1945) was a British Chemist and Physicist who won the Archibald Vivian Hill CH CBE FRS ( 26 September 1886 &ndash 3 June 1977) was an English Physiologist Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain KG ( 16 October 1863 &ndash 17 March 1937) was a British Statesman, Sir Owen Willans Richardson ( April 26, 1879 - February 15, 1959) was a British Physicist, professor at Princeton Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins OM FRS ( June 20, 1861 Eastbourne, Sussex - May 16, 1947 Cambridge Edgar Douglas Adrian 1st Baron Adrian OM PRS ( 30 November 1889 &ndash 4 August 1977) was a British electrophysiologist Sir Henry Hallett Dale OM GBE FRS ( June 9, 1875 &ndash July 23, 1968) was an English Pharmacologist Sir George Paget Thomson, FRS ( May 3, 1892 &ndash September 10, 1975) was an English Physicist and Bertrand Arthur William Russell 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970 was a British Philosopher, Historian Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton (6 October 1903 &ndash 25 June 1995 was an Irish physicist and Nobel laureate for his work with John Cockcroft with Richard Laurence Millington Synge (born Liverpool, October 28 1914, died Norwich, August 18 1994) was a British Sir John Cowdery Kendrew ( 24 March 1917 &ndash 23 August 1997) was an English Biochemist and crystallographer Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, OM, KBE, FRS (5 February 1914 Banbury, Oxfordshire, England – 20 December 1998 Cambridge Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley, OM, FRS (born 22 November 1917, Hampstead, London) is an English physiologist Brian David Josephson (born 4 January, 1940; Cardiff, Wales) is a Welsh physicist, professor and became a Nobel Prize Sir Martin Ryle ( September 27, 1918 - October 14, 1984) was an English radio astronomer who developed revolutionary James Edward Meade ( June 23 1907, Swanage, Dorset December 22 1995, Cambridge) was a British Economist Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa ( Russian Пётр Леонидович Капица ( July 9, 1894 &ndash April 8, 1984) was an innovative Walter Gilbert (born March 21, 1932) is an American physicist, biochemist, and Molecular biology pioneer Sir Aaron Klug, OM, PRS (born 11 August 1926) is a Lithuanian born British Chemist and Biophysicist Padma Vibhushan Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, FRS ( Tamil: சுப்பிரமணியன் சந்திரசேகர் English ˌtʃʌndrəˈʃeɪkɑr( Sir James Alexander Mirrlees, FBA (born 5 July 1936, Minnigaff, Wigtownshire) is a Scottish economist and winner of the Sir John Anthony Pople, FRS, ( October 31, 1925 &ndash March 15, 2004) was a theoretical chemist. Amartya Kumar Sen CH (Hon (অমর্ত্য কুমার সেন Ômorto Kumar Shen) (born 3 November 1933) is an Indian Spencer Perceval, KC (1 November 1762 &ndash 11 May 1812 was a British statesman and Prime Minister. Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey, KG, PC (13 March 1764 &ndash 17 July 1845 known as Viscount Howick between 1806 and 1807 was a British William Lamb 2nd Viscount Melbourne, PC, FRS (15 March 1779 &ndash 24 November 1848 was a British Whig Statesman who Arthur James Balfour 1st Earl of Balfour, KG, OM, PC (25 July 1848 - 19 March 1930 was a British Conservative politician and Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, GCB (7 September 1836 &ndash 22 April 1908 was a British Liberal Statesman who served as Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, KG, PC (3 August 1867 &ndash 14 December 1947 was a British Conservative politician statesman and major Robert Devereux 2nd Earl of Essex ( 10 November 1566 &ndash 25 February 1601) a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England William Henry Waddington (11 December 1826 - 13 January 1894 was a French Statesman who was Prime Minister in 1879 Jawaharlal Nehru (जवाहरलाल नेहरू ʤəʋäɦəɾläl nɛɦɾu (14 November 1889 27 May 1964 was a major political leader of the Congress Party Erskine Childers may refer to Robert Erskine Childers (1870&ndash1922 author and Irish nationalist who served as secretary-general of the Irish delegation Rajiv Gandhi राजीव गांधी (raːdʒiːv gaːnd̪ʰiː born in Bombay, (20 August 1944 – 21 May 1991 the elder son of Indira and Feroze Lee Hsien Loong ( born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. William Stephen Ian Whitelaw 1st Viscount Whitelaw, KT, CH, MC, PC, DL (28 June 1918 &ndash 1 July 1999 commonly known as
The head of Trinity College is the Master. The first Master was John Redman who was appointed in 1546. The role is a Royal appointment and in the past was sometimes made by the Monarch as a favour to an important person. Nowadays the Fellows of the College, and to a lesser extent the Government, choose the new Master and the Royal role is only nominal. In modern times the Master has customarily been of the highest academic distinction. The last three Masters have all been fellows of the college. A complete list of the Masters of Trinity is below.
|Name||Start of service||End of Service|
|William Lort Mansel||1798||1820|
|William Hepworth Thompson||1866||1886|
|Henry Montagu Butler||1886||1918|
|Sir Joseph Thomson||1918||1940|
|George Macaulay Trevelyan||1940||1951|
|The Lord Adrian||1951||1965|
|The Lord Butler of Saffron Walden||1965||1978|
|Sir Alan Hodgkin||1978||1984|
|Sir Andrew Huxley||1984||1990|
|Sir Michael Atiyah||1990||1997|
|The Lord Rees of Ludlow||2004|