|Coat of arms||Location|
|Lord Mayor||Klaus Jensen (SPD)|
|Area||117. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Germany (Deutschland is a Federal Republic consisting of sixteen States, known in German as Länder (singular Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz is one of the 16 federal states (German Bundesländer) of Germany. German districts (de ''Kreise'' or de ''Landkreise'' in the states of Nordrhein-Westfalen and Schleswig-Holstein, singular de ''Kreis'' and de ''Landreis'' This is a list of urban districts in Germany. Germany is divided into 429 districts (not to be confused with the larger Regierungsbezirk) these consist The Lord Mayor is the title of the Mayor of a major city with special recognition Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 14 km² (45. 2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,543 m (5063 ft)|
|- Density||884 /km² (2,289 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||54290, 54292, 54293, 54294, 54295, 54296|
Trier (French: Trèves; Luxembourgish: Tréier; Spanish: Tréveris; Latin: Augusta Treverorum) is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle River. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume Central European Time ( CET) is one of the names of the Time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. Central European Summer Time ( CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 Time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. UTC+1 is used in the following locations Central European Time West Africa Time Western European Summer Time UTC+2 corresponds to the following Time zones Eastern European Time Egypt Standard Time Central Africa Time German car number plates ( Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered __FORCETOC__ Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen abbreviated to PLZ consist of five digits which indicate the wider area (first two digits and the see also Telephone numbering in Germany for further codes including service numbers cell phones etc A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Luxembourgish (lb Lëtzebuergesch Luxembourgeois Luxemburgisch Luxemburgs Lussimbordjwès also called Luxembourgian, also spelled Luxemburgish, is one of Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Moselle (Moselle Mosel Musel is a River flowing through France, Luxembourg and Germany. It is the oldest city in Germany, founded in or before 16 BC.  Trier is not the only city claiming to be Germany's oldest, but it is the only one that bases this assertion on having the longest history as a city, as opposed to a mere settlement or army camp.
Trier lies in a valley between low vine-covered hills of ruddy sandstone in the west of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, near the German border with Luxembourg and within the important Mosel wine-growing region. Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz is one of the 16 federal states (German Bundesländer) of Germany. Luxembourg (Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg Grand-Duché de Luxembourg Großherzogtum Luxemburg is a small Landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by Mosel is one of 13 German wine regions ( Weinbaugebiete) for quality wines (''QbA'' and ''Prädikatswein'', and takes its name from the Moselle River
Trier is the oldest seat of a Christian bishop north of the Alps. A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight In the Middle Ages, the Archbishop of Trier was an important ecclesiastical prince, as the Archbishopric of Trier controlled land from the French border to the Rhine. The Archbishopric of Trier (Erzbistum Trier was a Roman Catholic Diocese in Germany, that existed from Carolingian times until the end of the The Archbishopric of Trier (Erzbistum Trier was a Roman Catholic Diocese in Germany, that existed from Carolingian times until the end of the He was also one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Empire. The Prince-Electors (or simply Electors) of the Holy Roman Empire ( German: Kurfürst ( pl The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in
With an approximate population of 100,000, Trier was until 2005 ranked fourth alongside Kaiserslautern among the state's largest cities, after Mainz, Ludwigshafen am Rhein and Koblenz. (kaɪzɐsˈlaʊtɐn is a City in southwest Germany, located in the Bundesland State of Rhineland-Palatinate ( Rheinland-Pfalz) at Mainz (ˈmaɪ̯nʦ (Mayence is a City in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a City in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Koblenz (also Coblenz in pre-1926 German Spellings French Coblence) is a city situated on both banks of the Rhine The nearest large cities in Germany are Saarbrücken, some 80 km southeast, and Koblenz, about 100 km northeast. Saarbrücken (ˈzaːɐ̯ˈbrʏkn in German; Sarrebruck is the capital of the state of Saarland in Germany. The closest city to Trier is the capital of Luxembourg, some 50 km to the southwest. The city of Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg Luxemburg also known as Luxembourg City (Stad Lëtzebuerg Ville de Luxembourg Luxemburg Stadt is a commune with city
Trier is home to the University of Trier, the administration of the Trier-Saarburg district and the seat of the ADD (Aufsichts- und Dienstleistungsdirektion), which until 1999 was the borough authority of Trier. The modern University of Trier (Universität Trier in the German city of Trier, was (re-established in the year 1970 starting with 360 students matriculated on Trier-Saarburg is a district in the west of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is one of the five "central places" of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Central place theory is a geographical theory that seeks to explain the size and spacing of human settlements Along with Luxembourg, Metz and Saarbrücken, fellow constituent members of the QuattroPole union of cities, it also forms a central place of the greater region encompassing Saar-Lor-Lux (Saarland, Lorraine and Luxembourg), Rhineland-Palatinate and Wallonia. Metz (mɛs in French) is a city in the northeast of France, capital of the Lorraine région and Préfecture The member regions Shared history The region of SaarLorLux was settled by the Celtic tribes of the Treveri and Mediomatrici. Saarland (ˈzaːɐ̯lant in German; French: Sarre) is one of the 16 federal states (German Bundesländer) of Germany. Lorraine (Lothringen is one of the 26 régions of France. It is the only administrative region with two cities of equal importance Metz and Nancy Luxembourg (Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg Grand-Duché de Luxembourg Großherzogtum Luxemburg is a small Landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by Wallonia, or Wallonie, (Wallonie Wallonien Wallonië Waloneye is the Meridional part of Belgium belonging to the Romance linguistic field
Trier sits in a hollow midway along the Moselle valley, with the most significant portion of the city on the east bank of the river. The Moselle (Moselle Mosel Musel is a River flowing through France, Luxembourg and Germany. Wooded and vineyard-covered slopes stretch up to the Hunsrück plateaux in the South and the Eifel in the North. A vineyard is a Plantation of Grape -bearing Vines grown mainly for Winemaking, but also Raisins Table grapes and non-alcoholic The Hunsrück is a low Mountain range in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The Eifel is a low mountain range in western Germany. It occupies parts of southwestern North Rhine-Westphalia and northwestern Rhineland-Palatinate The border with the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg is some 15 km distant. Luxembourg (Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg Grand-Duché de Luxembourg Großherzogtum Luxemburg is a small Landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by
Listed in clockwise order, beginning with the northernmost; all municipalities belong to the Trier-Saarburg district
Schweich, Kenn and Longuich (all part of the Verbandsgemeinde Schweich an der Römischen Weinstraße), Mertesdorf, Kasel, Waldrach, Morscheid, Korlingen, Gutweiler, Sommerau and Gusterath (all in the Verbandsgemeinde Ruwer), Hockweiler, Franzenheim (both part of the Verbandsgemeinde Trier-Land), Konz (Verbandsgemeinde Konz), Igel, Trierweiler, Aach, Newel, Kordel (Eifel), Zemmer (all in the Verbandsgemeinde Trier-Land)
The Trier urban area is divided into 19 city districts. Trier-Saarburg is a district in the west of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Schweich is a municipality in the Trier-Saarburg district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. A Verbandsgemeinde (plural Verbandsgemeinden) is an administrative unit unique to the German Bundesland (federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate Mertesdorf is a municipality in the Trier-Saarburg district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, near Trier. Kasel is a municipality in the Trier-Saarburg district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Waldrach is a municipality in the Trier-Saarburg district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, near Trier. Ruwer is a Verbandsgemeinde (collective Municipality) with nearly 18000 inhabitants on the river Ruwer near Trier in Rhineland-Palatinate Konz is a municipality in the Trier-Saarburg district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Aach is a municipality in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. For each district there is an Ortsbeirat (local council) of between 9 and 15 members, as well as an Ortsvorsteher (local representative). The local councils are charged with hearing the important issues that impact upon the district, although the final decision on any issue rests with the city council. The local councils nevertheless have the freedom to undertake limited measures within the bounds of their districts and their allocated budgets.
The districts of Trier together with their official numbers and their associated sub-districts (in parentheses):
According to the Gesta Treverorum, the city was founded by Trebeta, an Assyrian prince, centuries before ancient Rome. Trier in Rhineland-Palatinate, whose history dates to the Roman Empire, is often claimed to be the oldest city in Germany. The Porta Nigra ( Latin: black gate) is a large Roman city gate in Trier, Germany. The Gesta Treverorum ( Deeds of the Treveri) is a collection of histories Legends Wars records of the Archbishops of Trier, writings Trebeta was the legendary founder of Trier according to the Gesta Treverorum (and possibly other sources Early history The most Neolithic site in Assyria is at Tell Hassuna, the center of the Hassuna culture Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC The Roman Empire subdued the Treveri in the 1st century BC and established Augusta Treverorum (Lit: August (Regal, noble) [City] of the Treveri) in 30 BC. The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial The Treveri or Treviri were a tribe of Gauls who inhabited the lower valley of the Moselle, within the southern fringes of the Arduenna Silva The city later became the capital of the Roman province of Gallia Belgica, as well as the Roman prefecture of Gaul. Gallia Belgica was a Roman province located in what is now the southern part of the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, northeastern The Porta Nigra counts among the Roman architecture of the city. The Porta Nigra ( Latin: black gate) is a large Roman city gate in Trier, Germany. A residence of the Western Roman Emperor, Roman Trier was the birthplace of Saint Ambrose. The Western Roman Empire refers to the western half of the Roman Empire, from its division by Diocletian in 285 the other half of the Roman Empire was the Eastern Saint Ambrose (c 338 &ndash 4 April 397) was a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the fourth century
The Franks occupied Trier from the Roman administration in 459 AD. The Franks or Frankish people (Franci or gens Francorum) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an Ethnic group In 870 it became part of Eastern Francia, which developed into the Holy Roman Empire. East ( ern) Francia ( Regnum Francorum orientalium) known variously as Francia Orientalis or the Kingdom of the East Franks, was the The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in Relics of Saint Matthias brought to the city initiated widespread pilgrimages. In the New Testament Acts of the Apostles, the author of the Gospel of Luke records that Saint Matthias was the Apostle chosen by the remaining The bishops of the city grew increasingly powerful, and the Archbishopric of Trier was recognized as an electorate of the empire, one of the most powerful states of Germany. The Archbishopric of Trier (Erzbistum Trier was a Roman Catholic Diocese in Germany, that existed from Carolingian times until the end of the The Prince-Electors (or simply Electors) of the Holy Roman Empire ( German: Kurfürst ( pl The University of Trier was founded in the city in 1473. The modern University of Trier (Universität Trier in the German city of Trier, was (re-established in the year 1970 starting with 360 students matriculated on
In the 17th century, the Archbishops and Prince-Electors of Trier relocated their residences to Philippsburg Castle in Ehrenbreitstein, near Koblenz. The Cathedral of Saint Peter Trier (Trierer Dom the seat of the Roman Catholic Saint Helen]] resulting in a cathedral added on to gradually rather than rebuilt in different Not to be confused with Phillipsburg or Philipsburg. Philippsburg is a city in Germany, in the district of Karlsruhe Festung Ehrenbreitstein is a Fortress on the same-named mountain on the right side of the Rhine opposite to the town of Koblenz in the German Koblenz (also Coblenz in pre-1926 German Spellings French Coblence) is a city situated on both banks of the Rhine A session of the Reichstag was held in Trier in 1512, during which the demarcation of the Imperial Circles was definitively established. The Reichstag ( German for "Imperial Diet " was the Parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, An Imperial Circle (Reichskreis, plural Reichskreise was a regional grouping of territories of the Holy Roman Empire, primarily for the purpose of organizing
In the 17th and 18th centuries, Trier was sought after by France, who invaded during the Thirty Years' War, the War of the Grand Alliance, the War of the Spanish Succession, and the War of the Polish Succession. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. For the Mauritanian Thirty Years' War see Char Bouba war. For the band see The 30 Years War. The Nine Years' War (1688–97 – often called the War of the Grand Alliance or the War of the League of Augsburg – was a major war of the late 17th In the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714 several European powers combined to stop French succession to the Spanish throne and what would likely have been a resulting The War of the Polish Succession ( 1733 - 1738) was sparked by a Polish Civil war over the succession to Augustus II, King of Poland France succeeded in finally claiming Trier in 1794 during the French Revolutionary Wars, and the electoral archbishopric was dissolved. The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts from 1792 until 1802 fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states After the Napoleonic Wars ended in 1815, Trier passed to the Kingdom of Prussia. The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815 involved Napoleon's French Empire and a shifting set of European allies and opposing coalitions The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen was a German kingdom from 1701 to 1918 and from 1871 was the leading state of the German Empire, comprising Karl Marx was born in the city in 1818.
As part of the Prussian Rhineland, Trier developed economically during the 19th century. The Rhine Province (Rheinprovinz also known as Rhenish Prussia ( Rheinpreußen) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free The city rose in revolt during the revolutions of 1848 in the German states, although the rebels were forced to concede. " Germany " at the time of the Revolutions of 1848 had been a collection of 39 States loosely bound together in the German Confederation. It became part of the German Empire in 1871. The German Empire is the name commonly used in English to describe Germany from 1871 to 1918 when it was a semi- Constitutional monarchy: beginning with the Unification
Trier was heavily bombed and bombarded in 1944 during World War II. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The city became part of the new state of Rhineland-Palatinate after the war. Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz is one of the 16 federal states (German Bundesländer) of Germany. The university, dissolved in 1797, was restarted in the 1970s, while the Cathedral of Trier was reopened in 1974. The Cathedral of Saint Peter Trier (Trierer Dom the seat of the Roman Catholic Saint Helen]] resulting in a cathedral added on to gradually rather than rebuilt in different Trier officially celebrated its 2,000th anniversary in 1984.
|Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier*|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Criteria||i, iii, iv, vi|
|Region†||Europe and North America|
|Inscription||1986 (10th Session)|
|* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.|
† Region as classified by UNESCO.
Trier is well known for its well-preserved Roman and medieval buildings, which include:
Trier is home to the University of Trier, founded in 1483, closed in 1796 and restarted in 1970. The Fell Exhibition Slate Mine is a former slate mine in Germany located about 20 km east from Trier ( Germany) and about 60 km east from Luxembourg The modern University of Trier (Universität Trier in the German city of Trier, was (re-established in the year 1970 starting with 360 students matriculated on The city also has the Trier University of Applied Sciences. The Trier University of Applied Sciences (German Fachhochschule Trier, FH-Trier) is a Fachhochschule (University of Applied Sciences located in There are various Kindergärten, primary schools and secondary schools in Trier, such as the Hindenburg Gymnasium Trier, Max Plank Gymnasium and the Pestalozzi-Hauptschule.
Trier has direct railway connections to many cities. Mettlach is a municipality in the district Merzig-Wadern, in Saarland, Germany. Villeroy & Boch ( pronounced /vilʀwaeˈbɔk/ in French and /ˌvɪlərɔɪʊntˈbɔx/ in German is a large manufacturer of Nearest cities by train are Cologne, Saarbrücken and Luxemburg. Via the motorways A1, A48 and A64 Trier is linked with Koblenz, Saarbrücken and Luxemburg. Nearest international airports are in Luxemburg (0:40 h by car), Frankfurt-Hahn (1:00 h), Saarbrücken (1:00 h), Frankfurt (2:00 h) and Cologne/Bonn (2:00 h). The Moselle River is an important waterway and is also used for river cruises.
Trier is twinned with: