A Travel to Work Area or TTWA is a statistical tool used by UK Government agencies and local authorities, especially by the Department for Work and Pensions and Job Centres, to indicate an area where the population would generally commute to a larger town, city or conurbation for the purposes of employment. Her Majesty's Government, or when the monarch is male His Majesty's Government, is the title used by the Government of the United Kingdom, based at Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State. The Department for Work and Pensions (or DWP) ( Welsh: Adran Gwaith a Phensiynau) is the largest government department in the Government Jobcentre Plus (Canolfan Byd Gwaith is the Government -funded Employment agency facility and the Social security In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status A conurbation is an Urban area or Agglomeration comprising a number of Cities, large Towns and larger urban areas that through Population Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee.
As a measure based on urban areas and their commuter hinterland they are a form of Metropolitan Area, though as methods of calculation differ they cannot directly be compared with other specific measurements such as Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States. Commuting is the process of Travelling between one's place of residence and regular place of work A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas|Table of United States Core Based Statistical AreasIn the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB has produced The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
TTWAs have no legal status. In Law legal status refers to the concept of individuals having a particular place in society relative to the law as it determines the laws which affect them However, they give planners and geographers an alternate view of urban life as their boundaries are tied not to arbitrary administrative limits but socio-economic ties. A geographer is a Scientist whose area of study is Geography, the study of Earth 's physical environment and Human habitat In Business, administration consists of the performance or management of business operations and thus the making or implementing of major decisions Socioeconomics or socio-economics is the study of the relationship between economic activity and Social life. Having an idea of where people commute from for work is particularly useful for public transport planning.
Travel to Work Areas are defined by the Office for National Statistics using census data for commuting between wards, based on the different locations of individuals' home and work addresses. The Office for National Statistics (ONS is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly The United Kingdom has taken a Census of its population every ten years since 1801 with the exception of 1941 ( during the Second World War) A ward in the United Kingdom is an electoral district at subnational level represented by one or more councillors
A Travel to Work Area is a collection of wards for which "of the resident economically active population, at least 75% actually work in the area, and also, that of everyone working in the area, at least 75% actually live in the area". According to this measure, there were 308 TTWAs within the United Kingdom in 1998. 
Travel to Work Areas were selected to approximate city regions as one of the main units of comparison used by the State of the English Cities report and database, commissioned and maintained by the Communities and Local Government department of the UK Government. The term city region has been in use since about 1950 by Urbanists, Economists and Urban planners to mean not just the administrative area of a recognisable The State of the English Cities is an on-going study of the social and economic performance of the major cities of England, sponsored by the Communities and Local Government The Department for Communities and Local Government (branded as Communities and Local Government) is the United Kingdom government department for communities 
This has greatly increased the amount of information available about Travel to Work Areas, although the State of the Cities only publishes data for the 56 Travel to Work Areas based around Primary Urban Areas in England. A Primary Urban Area or PUA is an area defined by the Department for Communities and Local Government in the United Kingdom as a statistical tool for analysing England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Travel to Work Areas in Scotland and Wales and those covering only rural areas are not included. Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. 
To increase the range of statistics available the State of the Cities also publishes data for Travel to Work Areas approximated to local authority boundaries. These areas can differ considerably from the more accurate ward-based areas. A ward in the United Kingdom is an electoral district at subnational level represented by one or more councillors