The transport infrastructure of the City of Manchester is served by numerous transport modes, and forms an integral part of the structure Greater Manchester and the North West of England. Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2 North West England is one of the nine official Regions of England. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Manchester is served by an international airport and a major motorway and rail network. Greater Manchester has a higher percentage of the motorway network than any other county. Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2  According to the Guinness Book of World Records, it has the most traffic lanes side by side (17), spread across several parallel carriageways - the M61 at Linnyshaw Moss, Greater Manchester, close to the M60 interchange. The M61 motorway is a major road in England. It runs from the M60 motorway north west of Manchester, and heads north west past Bolton and Linnyshaw is an area of Walkden in the City of Salford. The area is predominantly moss and there is a very small population The M60 motorway is an orbital Motorway circling Greater Manchester, a Metropolitan county in North West England. The area is served by a network of bus routes and a modern tram system radiates from the city centre.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway was the first passenger railway in the world. The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR was the world's first inter-city passenger Railway in which all the trains were timetabled and were hauled for most of the distance Greater Manchester still has an extensive citywide railway network, and two mainline stations. Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2 A network of canals also remains from the industrial revolution. It was the first city in the United Kingdom to re-introduce trams to the streets with the 1992 opening of Manchester Metrolink. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train Manchester Metro redirects here - for the Manchester Metroshuttle free bus routes see Metroshuttle or First Manchester Manchester Metrolink
Manchester Airport, formerly Manchester Ringway Airport, is the fourth busiest airport in the UK in terms of passengers per year (the busier airports are London's Heathrow, Gatwick and (from 2006) Stansted). Manchester Airport is a major Airport in the vicinity of Manchester, England, and the largest airport in the United Kingdom outside the Manchester Airport is a major Airport in the vicinity of Manchester, England, and the largest airport in the United Kingdom outside the It is served by a dedicated railway station. Manchester Airport railway station is the station that serves Manchester Airport, and is built into the airport's terminal buildings In 2006 the airport handled 22. 1 million passengers and provided direct flights to over 200 destinations worldwide by over 90 airlines with 3 terminals. Long haul scheduled destinations served directly include New York ( JFK and Newark), Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia, Atlanta, Orlando, Las Vegas, Toronto, Calgary, Vancouver, Port of Spain, Antigua, Barbados, St. Lucia, Cape Town, and Cancún. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous John F Kennedy International Airport is an International airport located in Queens County on Long Island in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 Newark Liberty International Airport, first named Newark Airport and later Newark International Airport, is an international Airport within the Orlando is a major City in central Florida, USA and is the County seat of Orange County Florida. Las Vegas ( Spanish: "The Meadows" is the most populous City in the state of Nevada, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally Lester B Pearson International Airport is a major International airport serving Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated 27 kilometres (17 mi northwest Calgary (ˈkælgəriː is the largest city in the Province of Alberta, Canada Vancouver (vænˈkuːvɚ is a coastal Port of Spain is the Capital of Trinidad and Tobago and the country's third largest municipality after Chaguanas Antigua (ænˈtiːgə an-TEE-gah) is an Island in the West Indies, in the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean region the main Barbados ( Portuguese word for bearded-ones, bɑrˈbeɪdoʊz -dɒs situated just east of the Caribbean Sea, is an independent Island nation Saint Lucia (ˌseɪnt ˈluːʃɪə is an Island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Town (Kaapstad Xhosa: Ikapa) is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the metropolitan municipality of the Cancún (pronounced as kanˈkun is a coastal city in Mexico 's easternmost state Quintana Roo, on the Yucatán Peninsula. Asian destinations include Damascus, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Doha, Jeddah, Riyadh, Karachi, Islamabad, Lahore and Singapore. Damascus ( دمشق,, also commonly known as الشام ash-Shām) is the capital and largest city of Syria. Dubai (in دبيّ,) is one of the seven emirates and most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (UAE Doha (الدوحة or Ad-Dōḥah) is the Capital city of Qatar. Jeddah (also spelled Jiddah, Jidda, or Jedda; جدّة Ǧiddah) is a Saudi Arabian city located on the coast of the Riyadh ( الرياض Ar-Riyāḍ) is the Capital of Saudi Arabia and its largest city (ڪراچي) is the largest city in Pakistan. It is the world's second largest city proper behind Mumbai in terms of population which exceeds 10 million |name = Islamabad|native_name = |nickname = |settlement_type = Capital City |total_type ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. Singapore There are also firm plans for direct services to Beijing, Bangkok and Hong Kong. Bangkok, known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (krūŋtʰêːp máhǎːnákʰɔn) or Krung Thep ( for short is the Capital, largest Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders Many European and domestic destinations are served. Manchester to London is one of the highest density airline routes within the UK and is one of the busiest domestic sectors in Europe, but is now experiencing serious competition from the improved railway link.
The airport has been voted the best airport in the UK by Which? consumer magazine, Travel Weekly Globe, Business Magazines International for the second year running and in the Airport World’s Service Excellence Awards (European runner up, second only to Copenhagen). Which? is a product-testing and campaigning charity with a Magazine and Website run by Which? Ltd (formerly known as the Consumers' Copenhagen (ˌkəʊpənˈheɪgən ˌkəʊpənˈhɑːgən ˈkəʊpənˌheɪgən ˈkəʊpənˌhɑːgən kʰøb̥ənˈhɑʊ̯ˀn kʰøb̥m̩ˈhɑʊ̯ˀn is the capital and largest city
Greater Manchester and Greater London are the only two UK conurbations with a separately numbered orbital motorway (though it is possible to circumnavigate Birmingham and Leeds via several differently numbered motorways). Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2 Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. A conurbation is an Urban area or Agglomeration comprising a number of Cities, large Towns and larger urban areas that through Population Birmingham ( ˈbɜːmɪŋəm Ber -ming-um Leeds ( is located on the River Aire in West Yorkshire, England The Manchester ring road is called the M60. The M60 motorway is an orbital Motorway circling Greater Manchester, a Metropolitan county in North West England. Unlike London's M25, the M60 actually runs within the Greater Manchester conurbation providing good inter-suburban links, rather than around the outside of the conurbation. To see information about the M25 motorway under construction in Ireland, see N25 road. South San Jose (cropjpg||thumb|A suburban development in San Jose California. The M60 has 27 junctions, numbered clockwise from Junction 1 at Stockport in the south-east. Stockport ( is a large town in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on elevated ground on the River Mersey at the influx of the rivers Goyt
The M60 between junction 16 (Pendlebury/Kearsley) and junction 17 (Prestwich/Whitefield) is the second busiest section of road in the UK, after the M25 at junctions 13 & 14 (Heathrow). The M60 motorway is an orbital Motorway circling Greater Manchester, a Metropolitan county in North West England. Pendlebury is a town within the Metropolitan borough of the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England Kearsley (or archaically Kersley) is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England Prestwich is a town and residential suburb of Manchester within the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, in Greater Manchester, England. Whitefield is a town and residential suburb of Manchester within the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, in Greater Manchester
The city also has an inner ring road. Part of this is the A57/A57(M) (known as Mancunian Way), which runs south of the city centre, linking the western M602 (which spurs from the M60) to the eastern M60 and M67. The A57(M, also known as the Mancunian Way, is a 2- Mile (32- Kilometre) long Motorway in Manchester, England. The M602 motorway is a relatively short motorway leading traffic into Manchester and Salford by by-passing the suburban town of Eccles. The M67 is a five mile urban motorway in Greater Manchester, England which heads east from the M60 motorway passing through Denton and
The other main motorways serving Manchester are the M56 (to the airport, Chester and the M6 southbound to Birmingham), the M61 (to Bolton, Preston and the M6 northbound to Lancaster), the M62 (west to Liverpool and east to Leeds and Kingston upon Hull), the M66 (to Bury) and the M67, which was originally planned as a route to Sheffield but never completed. The M56 is a Motorway, also known as the North Cheshire motorway, in Cheshire and Greater Manchester, England. Manchester Airport is a major Airport in the vicinity of Manchester, England, and the largest airport in the United Kingdom outside the Chester is the County town of Cheshire, England. Lying on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales, it is home to 77040 This article concerns the M6 motorway in England There are also M6 motorways in Russia (see Caspian Highway) Hungary (see M6 motorway Birmingham ( ˈbɜːmɪŋəm Ber -ming-um The M61 motorway is a major road in England. It runs from the M60 motorway north west of Manchester, and heads north west past Bolton and Bolton ( is a large town in Greater Manchester, in the North West region of England. Preston ( ˈprɛstən is a city and local government district in Lancashire, England, located on the River Ribble. This article concerns the M6 motorway in England There are also M6 motorways in Russia (see Caspian Highway) Hungary (see M6 motorway Lancaster (pronounced ˈlæŋˌkæstə or ˈlænˌkæstə is a City in Lancashire, England. The M62 motorway is a west&ndasheast trans-Pennine Motorway in northern England, connecting the cities of Liverpool and Hull Liverpool ( is a City and Metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary Leeds ( is located on the River Aire in West Yorkshire, England Kingston upon Hull ( almost invariably referred The M66 is a Motorway in Lancashire and Greater Manchester, England. Bury is a town in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on the River Irwell, north-northwest of the city of Manchester, west-southwest of The M67 is a five mile urban motorway in Greater Manchester, England which heads east from the M60 motorway passing through Denton and Sheffield ( is a city and Metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England All of these motorways connect with the M60.
Manchester holds a pivotal position in railway history as a birthplace of passenger rail travel on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, which opened in 1830. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR was the world's first inter-city passenger Railway in which all the trains were timetabled and were hauled for most of the distance In just 50 years the city centre was encircled by stations and termini, including Manchester London Road (now Manchester Piccadilly), Manchester Victoria, Manchester Central, Manchester Mayfield and Manchester Exchange. Manchester Piccadilly station, known locally as just Piccadilly, is the principal railway station of Manchester in England. Manchester Victoria station is the second of Manchester 's mainline railway stations Manchester Central railway station is a disused railway station in Manchester City Centre, England. Manchester Mayfield is a former Railway station in Manchester, England. Manchester Exchange Station was a railway station located to the north of Manchester city centre Cutbacks followed the Beeching Report in the 1960s, with Manchester Central, Manchester Mayfield andManchester Exchange closing to passengers. The Beeching Axe is an informal name for the British Government 's attempt in the 1960s to reduce the cost of running British Railways, the nationalised railway system All rail services were then concentrated on Manchester Victoria and Manchester Piccadilly.
In terms of passengers, Manchester Piccadilly is the busiest train station in England, outside London. 
High speed trains to London are run from Manchester Piccadilly by Virgin Trains, journeys typically taking around 2 hr 15 min, with the quickest taking from 2 hr 5 mins. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Virgin Trains is a Train operating company in the United Kingdom, which currently provides services from London Euston to the North West
There are several smaller stations around the city centre, including Oxford Road, Deansgate and Salford Central across the Irwell in the City of Salford. Manchester City Centre is the Central business district of both Manchester and Greater Manchester, in North West England. Manchester Oxford Road Station is a railway station in the city of Manchester, England. Deansgate (or Manchester Deansgate is one of several commuter Railway stations in Manchester city centre England. Salford Central Railway Station is one of two railway stations in the Salford city centre in Greater Manchester, England. The City of Salford is a Local government district of Greater Manchester, England with the status of a city and Metropolitan borough.
Although there is no Underground Railway system similar to Glasgow's or London's, the city has had several failed attempts to create one, including the "Picc-Vic tunnel", a heavy rail tunnel to link the main stations. The Underground Railroad was an informal network of secret routes and Safe houses used by 19th century Black slaves in the United States "Picc-Vic" was the name given to a proposal to connect two major mainline railway terminals in central Manchester, England, in the early 1970s Excavation work under the Manchester Arndale for this project began in the 1970s, but was soon abandoned due to costs and rumours of 'subterranean obstacles'. Manchester Arndale (known locally as The Arndale Centre or just The Arndale) is a large Shopping centre in Manchester City Centre, This may well have referred to the 'Guardian' underground nuclear bunker network, constructed as a means of protecting communications in the city in the event of an atom bomb being deployed and now used by BT. Other abandoned tunnels, hidden for decades have recently been discovered including a 460 metre canal tunnel from the River Irwell to the canal system '' ''. The River Irwell is a River flowing through the Irwell Valley in the counties of Lancashire and Greater Manchester Canals are artificial channels for water There are two types of canals water conveyance canals which are used for the conveyance and delivery of water and Waterways
Piccadilly and Victoria are now linked by the city's Metrolink tram system. Manchester Metro redirects here - for the Manchester Metroshuttle free bus routes see Metroshuttle or First Manchester Manchester Metrolink
The urban and suburban areas are covered by a sizeable network of railway lines, including to Ashton-under-Lyne, Bolton, Oldham, Stockport and Wilmslow. Ashton-under-Lyne (pop 43200 is a Market town in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, Greater Manchester, England Bolton ( is a large town in Greater Manchester, in the North West region of England. Oldham is a large town in Greater Manchester, England It lies amongst the Pennines on elevated ground between the rivers Irk and Medlock Stockport ( is a large town in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on elevated ground on the River Mersey at the influx of the rivers Goyt Wilmslow is a town in the Borough of Macclesfield in Cheshire, England. Full timetables are from National Rail Enquiries
Manchester has a tram system called Metrolink. A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train Manchester Metro redirects here - for the Manchester Metroshuttle free bus routes see Metroshuttle or First Manchester Manchester Metrolink Operated by Stagecoach, Metrolink links the city centre to Altrincham, Eccles and Bury. Stagecoach Group plc ( is a leading international transport group operating Bus, Train, Tram, express coach and Ferry operations Altrincham () is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, in Greater Manchester, England. Eccles is a town within the Metropolitan borough of the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England. Bury is a town in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on the River Irwell, north-northwest of the city of Manchester, west-southwest of It is a high-frequency service, with trams running every 6–12 minutes. It carries nearly 20 million passengers each year.
Proposals for a light rail system in the city grew from a 1970s proposal by SELNEC to build three rapid transit lines.
Plans to extend Manchester Metrolink were reinstated after an election-time u-turn by the Labour Government which had rejected the plans months earlier, despite years of support. Manchester Metro redirects here - for the Manchester Metroshuttle free bus routes see Metroshuttle or First Manchester Manchester Metrolink A " flip-flop " (used mostly in the United States) or a U-turn (used in the United Kingdom) is a sudden real or apparent change of policy or The Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive (GMPTE), responsible for public transport in the area, led the fight to ensure that the extensions be built, with significant support from local councils and communities and Manchester City Council. The Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive ( GMPTE) is the public body ( Passenger Transport Executive) responsible for co-ordinating Public transport Manchester City Council is the local authority for the City of Manchester in Greater Manchester, England  In July 2006 the government announced a major extension to the Metrolink system, which is intended to form the first phase of the so-called 'big bang' expansion. If the eventual desired system is completed, passenger numbers are predicted to more than double to an estimated 50 million per year.
A widely held view of many in Manchester of one of the major failings of the Metrolink is that it has never been extended to reach the Trafford Centre (approx. The Trafford Centre is a large indoor shopping centre located in the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford in Greater Manchester, England 5 miles away in Trafford Park). The line to Eccles is judged by many to be a failure as it takes longer than the bus journey following a similar route, and achieves this without the Metrolink's advantage of using a dedicated route. Eccles is a town within the Metropolitan borough of the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England.
Since the initial euphoria at the huge success, from the public, local and national government, and environmental groups, Metrolink it has become something of a victim of its own popularity. Many routes are extremely busy, especially at peak times, and prices have risen at far above the rate of inflation. Rush hour at Shinjuku 02JPG|thumb|right|250px|Rush hour at Shinjuku Station, Yamanote Line]] A rush hour or peak hour is a part of the day during which In economics inflation or price inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services over a period of time
Greater Manchester and other surrounding areas have an extensive bus network managed by GMPTE. The Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive ( GMPTE) is the public body ( Passenger Transport Executive) responsible for co-ordinating Public transport 
Buses are operated by companies including First, Stagecoach (incorporating the lower-cost Magicbus), Finglands, Arriva and R. First Manchester is one of the bus companies serving Greater Manchester, a metropolitan county in North West England. Stagecoach Manchester is the trading name of Greater Manchester Buses South Limited and is a major operator of Bus services in the English city of Manchester Magic Bus is also the name of a song by rock band The Who. Magicbus is the brand Stagecoach applies to local " No-frills East Yorkshire Motor Services (EYMS operates a fleet of approximately 350 buses and coaches throughout Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, the Arriva North West and Wales is a division of Arriva that operates bus services around North West England and Wales. Bullock. Until 22 December 2006, when their services were suspended by the North-west Traffic Commissioner, UK North (also trading as GM Buses) also operated buses in Manchester. Events 1790 - The Turkish fortress of Izmail is stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The major routes, with high passenger volumes, include Oxford Road/Wilmslow Road, one of the busiest bus routes in Europe, bringing large numbers of students & commuters from Fallowfield, Withington and Didsbury to the university buildings in the city centre, and office buildings, including the BBC. Wilmslow Road is a major thoroughfare in South Manchester, England running from Parrs Wood to Manchester City Centre. Fallowfield is an area of the city of Manchester, England. It lies three miles south of Manchester City Centre and is bisected north&ndashsouth by Withington is a suburban area of the City of Manchester, in North West England. Didsbury (ˈdɪdzbəri is a suburban area of the City of Manchester, in Greater Manchester, England Other routes that are not as commercially attractive, with smaller passenger volumes, are less well provided for, and the cost of a single journey can be similar to that of a Week Pass for the "South Manchester" journey.
First Manchester operates free Metroshuttle services that link important points such as Manchester Victoria, Piccadilly and Oxford Road stations with Chinatown, Deansgate, Salford Central, and Albert Square. Zero-fare Public transport services are funded in full by means other than collecting a Fare from passengers Metroshuttle is a Zero-fare bus system that operates in Manchester City Centre Manchester Victoria station is the second of Manchester 's mainline railway stations Manchester Piccadilly station, known locally as just Piccadilly, is the principal railway station of Manchester in England. Manchester Oxford Road Station is a railway station in the city of Manchester, England. Salford Central Railway Station is one of two railway stations in the Salford city centre in Greater Manchester, England. These services are very successful and therefore often busy. There are three routes, numbered 1, 2 and 3, coloured orange, green and purple respectively. They run every 5-10 minutes and complement the Metrolink and National Rail services.
Those arriving at Manchester Piccadilly Bus Station and needing to take a train from Manchester Piccadilly, less than half a mile (500 meters) away, can choose either Metrolink or the free Metroshuttle, or walk. Manchester Piccadilly Bus Station is one of two main bus stations in Manchester 's city centre. A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a track ( Permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another Manchester Piccadilly station, known locally as just Piccadilly, is the principal railway station of Manchester in England. Metroshuttle is a Zero-fare bus system that operates in Manchester City Centre
High frequency bendy bus routes include the Bury-Manchester 135 service and the Bolton-Manchester 8 service, which operate every six to ten minutes. Articulated buses (either motorbuses or Trolleybuses) also known as tandem buses, bendy buses, banana buses, slinky buses or Bury is a town in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on the River Irwell, north-northwest of the city of Manchester, west-southwest of Bolton ( is a large town in Greater Manchester, in the North West region of England.
Manchester's principal bus station used mainly for services on the south side of the city is at Piccadilly Gardens, which is also served by Metrolink. Piccadilly Gardens is a green space in Manchester city centre, England, situated at one end of Market Street (a busy shopping area and on the Shudehill Bus/Metrolink Interchange caters for routes mainly on the north side of the city and is within walking distance of Victoria station. Manchester Victoria station is the second of Manchester 's mainline railway stations Long-distance coaches, operated mainly by National Express, serve the Manchester Central Coach Station at Chorlton Street, opened in March 2002 replacing the old one on the same site.
Greater Manchester bus stops are being replaced over a five year period. The older bus stop flags were based on a nationally adopted design featuring a single decker bus and were used over the entire country with the exception of London. Following Bus deregulation there was no compulsion to use the national symbol and several PTE's like West Yorkshires Metro and Merseyside adopted a new bus stop flag design featuring their capital M logo. West Yorkshire is a Metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England with a population of A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway or metro(politan system is an electric passenger railway Merseyside is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1365900 GMPTE inherited their own M shaped logo and also began to use it on the glass back of bus shelters from the late 1990s. They have subsequently introduced this to a new design for bus stop flags - firstly introduced in 2002 on high priority routes - and now being erected across the entire GMPTE area.
One legacy of the industrial revolution is an extensive network of canals: the Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal, Rochdale Canal, Manchester Ship Canal, which provides access to the sea, Bridgewater Canal, Ashton Canal, and the Leigh Branch of the Leeds & Liverpool Canal. Canals are artificial channels for water There are two types of canals water conveyance canals which are used for the conveyance and delivery of water and Waterways The Rochdale Canal is a navigable "broad" Canal in Northern England, part of the connected system of the Canals of Great Britain. The Manchester Ship Canal is a wide long river navigation in North West England, opened on 21 May 1894 The Bridgewater Canal is a Canal in North West England, connecting Runcorn, Manchester, and Leigh. The Ashton Canal is a Canal built in Greater Manchester in Northern England. The Leeds and Liverpool Canal is a Canal in the north of England, linking the cities of Leeds and Liverpool. Most of these canals are used for recreation, although freight is once again being carried on the Ship Canal.