The term Transpersonal is often used to refer to psychological categories that transcend the normal features of ordinary ego-functioning. That is, stages of psychological growth, or stages of consciousness, that move beyond the rational and precedes the mystical. Consciousness has been defined loosely as a constellation of attributes of Mind such as Subjectivity, Self-awareness, Sentience, and the Mysticism (from the Greek grc μυστικός mystikos, an initiate of a Mystery religion) is the pursuit of communion with identity The term is highly associated with the work of Abraham Maslow and his understanding of "peak experiences", and was first adapted by the human potential movement in the 1960's. Abraham Harold Maslow ( April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist. Peak experience is a term used to describe certain Transpersonal and ecstatic states, particularly ones tinged with themes of Unification, Harmonization The Human Potential Movement (HPM arose out of the social and intellectual milieu of the 1960s and formed around the concept of cultivating extraordinary potential that
Among the psychologial sciences that have studied transpersonal phenomena we find the schools of Transpersonal psychology, Humanistic psychology and Near-Death Studies. Transpersonal psychology is a school of Psychology that studies the Transpersonal, self- transcendent or spiritual aspects of the human experience Humanistic psychology is a school of psychology that emerged in the 1950s in reaction to both Behaviorism and Psychoanalysis. Near-death studies is a school of Psychology and Psychiatry that studies the phenomenology and after-effects of a Near-death experience (NDE Among the forerunners to the development of transpersonal theory we find, the school of Psychosynthesis (founded by Roberto Assagioli), and the Analytical school of C.G Jung. Psychosynthesis is an approach to psychology that was developed by Roberto Assagioli, M Roberto Assagioli ( Venice, February 27, 1888 - Capolona d' Arezzo, August 23, 1974) was an Italian Analytical psychology (or Jungian psychology) refers to the school of Psychology originating from the ideas of Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, and then advanced
In integral theory, transpersonal refers to stages of human development through which a person's self-awareness extends beyond the personal. This article is about the integral movement in philosophy and psychology The term person is used in Common sense to mean an individual Human being. Self-awareness is the concept that one exists as an individual separate from other people with private Thoughts. Integral theorists include Ken Wilber, Michael Murphy, Michael Washburn, Allan Combs, Jean Gebser, Don Beck, and Clare Graves. Kenneth Earl "Ken" Wilber Jr (b January 31, 1949, Oklahoma City, U Michael Murphy is the co-founder of the Esalen Institute, a key figure in the Human Potential Movement and author of both fiction and non-fiction books on Allan Combs is a Consciousness researcher neuropsychologist, and systems theorist. Jean Gebser ( August 20, 1905 &ndash May 14, 1973) was a prodigy, a student Don Beck is an American management consultant and co-author (with Chris Cowan) of the book Spiral Dynamics. Clare W Graves ( December 21, 1914 &ndash January 3, 1986) was a professor of Psychology and originator of a Level Theory of Human The work of all of these theorists is inspired, in varying degrees, by the writings of the Hindu philosopher Sri Aurobindo. Sri Aurobindo (শ্রী অরবিন্দ Sri Ôrobindo) ( August 15, 1872 – December 5, 1950) was an Indian
As is embedded in the concept of personal growth by the transpersonal movement, personal goal achievement will necessarily involve the possibility of an arational mutation of the relationship between the subject and his/her goal. A goal or objective consists of a projected state of affairs which a Person or a System plans or intends to achieve or bring about — a personal or That this may occur in the process of realisation. It may also be embedded in the transpersonal movement that such a mutation will cause a cultural change that may be termed as an panepidemic memetic flu or a cultural and rhizomatic virus project. In biology mutations are changes to the Nucleotide sequence of the Genetic material of an organism A meme (miːm consists of any idea or behavior that can pass from one person to another by learning or imitation In Botany, a rhizome is a horizontal stem of a Plant that is usually found underground often sending out Roots and Shoots A virus (from the Latin virus meaning Toxin or Poison) is a sub-microscopic infectious agent that is unable
Transpersonal psychology considers the concept of transpersonal states of awareness. Stanislav Grof defines these: "The common denominator of this otherwise rich and ramified group of phenomena is the feeling of the individual that his consciousness expanded beyond the usual ego boundaries and the limitations of time and space. Stanislav Grof (born July 1, 1931 in Prague, Czechoslovakia) is one of the founders of the field of Transpersonal psychology "  These include mystical states and near-death experiences also subject to the psychology of religion. Mysticism (from the Greek grc μυστικός mystikos, an initiate of a Mystery religion) is the pursuit of communion with identity Psychology of religion is the psychological study of Religious experiences Beliefs and activities The idea of altered 'states' of awareness is pivotal to this research. The conceptualisation, and other signifying processes of altered forms of awareness are studied in transpersonal psychology. Transpersonal psychotherapy consists of moving between these states,and learning techniques for disassembling and reassembling on different states/situations of altered realitymontage for the purpose of healing, which can be brought about by transpersonal psychotechnologies. This clarifies one of transpersonal psychology's roots in early psychedelic work, some of these psychotechnologies include research with psychedelic plants and chemicals such as LSD, ibogaine, ketamine, peyote, ayahuasca and the vast variety of substances available to all human cultures throughout history. Ibogaine is a naturally-occurring Psychoactive compound found in a number of plants principally in a member of the dogbane family known as iboga ( Ketamine is a drug for use in human and veterinary medicine developed by Parke-Davis (today a part of Pfizer) in 1962 Lophophora williamsii (loʊˈfɒfərə wɪlˈjæmsiaɪ lō-fof′ŏ-ră will-yăm′sē-ī better known by its common name Peyote, (from the This entry focuses on the Ayahuasca brew for information on the vine of the same name see Banisteriopsis caapi Ayahuasca  See: "Part III. Transpersonal Dimensions of Healing with Psychedelic States" Vol. 2. It can also be said that the attempts by transpersonal psychology is an intercultural approach to medicine and etnobiology understood as a discourse raised from the academic community of the globalised university sector of knowledge production encountering the so called herbalist shaman or alchemist. Cross-cultural communication (also frequently referred to as intercultural communication) is a field of study that looks at how people from differing cultural backgrounds Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects An herbalist is A person whose life is dedicated to the economic or medicinal uses of plants
1. Grof, Stanislav. (1975, 1993). Realms of the Human Unconscious: Observations from LSD Research. New York: Viking, London: Souvenir Press.
2. Winkelman, Michael J, and Thomas B. Roberts (editors) (2007). Psychedelic Medicine: New Evidence for Hallucinogens as Treatments Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood.