A Transcontinental Railroad is a railroad that crosses a continent typically from "coast-to-coast". A continent is one of several large Landmasses on Earth. They are generally identified by Convention rather than any strict criteria with seven regions Terminals are at or connected to different oceans. |}A train station, railway station, railroad station, or station yard is a facility at which Passengers may board and alight from Trains Because Europe is criss-crossed by railways, railroads within Europe are usually not considered transcontinental, the Orient Express perhaps being an exception. The Orient Express is the name of a long-distance Passenger train originally operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits.
The ceremony for the driving of the golden spike
, signifying the completion of the United States' First Transcontinental Railroad
at Promontory Summit, Utah
, United States
, May 10
. A " golden spike " was the last ceremonial spike driven specifically to mark the completion of a railroad line This article refers to a railroad built in the United States between Omaha and Sacramento completed in 1869 Promontory is a location in Box Elder County, Utah, United States, centered approximately at, at an Elevation of 1494 meters (4902 The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 1291 - Scottish Nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England. Year 1869 ( MDCCCLXIX) is a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year
Photograph by Andrew J. Russell
. Andrew J Russell (1830-1902 was a 19th Century American Photographer of the Civil War and Union Pacific Railroad.
The world's first transcontinental railroad was the Panama Railway, completed in 1855. Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, of Mount Royal in the Province of Quebec and Dominion of Canada and of Glencoe in the County of Argyll is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The Canadian Pacific Railway ( The Panama Railway or Panama Rail Road is a Railway line that links the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean across Panama in Built near the narrowest point of the Central American isthmus in modern-day Panama (then part of Colombia), the railroad was 48 miles / 77. The Isthmus of Panama, also historically known as the Isthmus of Darien, is the narrow strip of land that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Panama, officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá) is the southernmost country of Central America. Colombia (kəˈlʌmbɪə officially the Republic of Colombia () is a country in northwestern South America. 25 km long, and it was the first railroad to cross the Americas to connect the Atlantic with the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions An ocean (from Greek, ''Okeanos'' (Oceanus) is a major body of saline water, and a principal component of the Hydrosphere. Given the tropical rain forest environment, the terrain, and diseases such as malaria and cholera, its completion was a considerable engineering challenge. Rainforests are Forests characterized by high Rainfall with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 1750–2000 mm (68-78 inches Malaria is a vector -borne Infectious disease caused by Protozoan Parasites It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions including Cholera, sometimes known as Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera, is an infectious Gastroenteritis caused by the Bacterium The construction took 5 years, 8 million dollars and thousands of workers from the United States, Europe, China and Africa. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National
This railroad was built to satisfy the need for a shorter and more secure path between the United States' East and West Coasts, a need triggered mainly by California Gold Rush. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The East Coast of the United States, also known as the "Eastern Seaboard" or "Atlantic Seaboard" refers to the easternmost coastal states in the central and northern The " West Coast " " Western Seaboard " or " Pacific Seaboard " are terms for the westernmost coastal states of the Western United States The California Gold Rush (1848&ndash1855 began on January 24 1848 when Gold was discovered by James Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California However, the railroad continued its activity over the years, and it played a key role in the construction and the subsequent operation of the Panama Canal, due to its proximity with the water way. The Panama Canal is a man-made Canal in Panama which joins the Currently, the railway operates under the private administration of the Panama Canal Railroad Company, and its upgraded capacity allows it to complement the cargo traffic through the Panama Canal.
In the United States, the area of the Mississippi River has always been a transfer point between systems in the East and West. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Mississippi River is the second longest River in the United States, with a length of from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to The Eastern Half of The United States, the American East, or simply the East is traditionally defined as the states east of the Mississippi River. The Western United States &mdashcommonly referred to as the American West or simply the West &mdashtraditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost No company has controlled a route all the way from one coast to the other (though several had lines between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico). The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions The Gulf of Mexico ( Spanish: Golfo de México) is the ninth largest Body of water in the world The reason for this is fairly simple: if an eastern company were to ally itself with a western company, it would no longer have the choice to send traffic over the other western lines. This is still true—two of the major Class I railroads have systems east of the Mississippi, while the other two major ones are mainly west of the Mississippi. A Class I railroad in the United States and Mexico, or a Class I rail carrier in Canada, is a large freight Railroad, as classified
Thus, in the United States, the term transcontinental railroad usually refers to a line over the Rocky Mountains between the Midwest and Pacific Ocean. Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a Mountain range in western North America. Some of the eastern trunk lines are covered in railroads connecting New York City and Chicago. In the " Official Territory " the land of the Northeast U
- The First Transcontinental Railroad was completed on May 10, 1869, with the golden spike ceremonially driven at Promontory, Utah, after track was laid over a 1,756 mile (2,826 km) gap between Sacramento and Omaha in six years by the Union Pacific Railroad and Central Pacific Railroad. This article refers to a railroad built in the United States between Omaha and Sacramento completed in 1869 Events 1291 - Scottish Nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England. Year 1869 ( MDCCCLXIX) is a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year A " golden spike " was the last ceremonial spike driven specifically to mark the completion of a railroad line Promontory is a location in Box Elder County, Utah, United States, centered approximately at, at an Elevation of 1494 meters (4902 The Central Pacific Railroad was the California-to-Utah portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America
- In 1882, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway connected Atchison, Kansas with the Southern Pacific Railroad at Deming, New Mexico, thus completing a second link to Los Angeles. The Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the larger railroads in the United States. Two views of a pedestrian mall on Commercial Street in downtown Atchison Deming is a city in Luna County, New Mexico, United States, located 60 miles (97 km west of Las Cruces. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West
- The Southern Pacific Railroad linked New Orleans with Los Angeles in 1883, linking the Gulf of Mexico with the Pacific Ocean. New Orleans (nʲuːˈɔrliənz nʲuːˈɔrlənz French: La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port city and the largest city in Louisiana Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West
- The Northern Pacific Railway, also completed in 1883, linked Chicago with Seattle. The Northern Pacific Railway was a railway that operated in the north-central region of the United States. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States.
- The Great Northern Railroad was built without federal aid by James J. Hill in 1893; it stretched from St. Paul to Seattle. The Great Northern Railway, running from St Paul Minnesota to Seattle Washington &mdash more than 1700 miles (2736 km &mdash was the creation of James Jerome Hill ( September 16 1838 &ndash May 29 1916) was a noted Canadian-American Railroad executive Saint Paul ( abbreviated St Paul) is the capital and second most populous city in the U
- In 1909, the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul (or Milwaukee Road) completed a privately built Pacific extension to Seattle. The Milwaukee Road, officially the Chicago Milwaukee St Paul and Pacific Railroad ( CMSP&P RR), was a Class I railroad that operated in the Midwest On completion the line was renamed the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific. The Milwaukee Road, officially the Chicago Milwaukee St Paul and Pacific Railroad ( CMSP&P RR), was a Class I railroad that operated in the Midwest
- John D. Spreckels completed his privately funded San Diego and Arizona Railway in 1919, thereby creating a direct link (via connection with the Southern Pacific lines) between San Diego, California and the Eastern United States. John Diedrich Spreckels ( August 16, 1853 &ndash June 7, 1926) the son of American Industrialist The San Diego and Arizona Railway was a Short line American Railroad founded by "sugar heir" developer and entrepreneur John D The Eastern Half of The United States, the American East, or simply the East is traditionally defined as the states east of the Mississippi River. The railroad stretched 148 miles (238 km) from San Diego to Calexico, California.
- In 1993, Amtrak's Sunset Limited was extended to the Atlantic Ocean, making it the first transcontinental passenger train route operated by one company. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 The Sunset Limited is a Passenger train that for most of its history has run between New Orleans and Los Angeles California, and that from early A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a track ( Permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another Hurricane Katrina temporarily cut the route in 2005. Hurricane Katrina of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the costliest hurricane, as well as one of the five deadliest in the history of the United States
George J. Gould attempted to assemble a truly transcontinental system in the 1900s. George Jay Gould I ( February 6 1864 &ndash May 16 1923) was a financier and the son of Jay Gould. The line from San Francisco, California to Toledo, Ohio was completed in 1909, consisting of the Western Pacific Railway, Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, Missouri Pacific Railroad and Wabash Railroad. The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city This article is about the city in Ohio, USA. For Toledo Spain, see that article The Western Pacific Railroad was a Class I Railroad in the United States. The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, generally referred to as the Rio Grande, became the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad in 1920 and is today a Fallen The Missouri Pacific Railroad ( MoPac; AAR Reporting mark MP) was one of the First railroads in the United States west of the The Wabash Railroad was a Class I railroad that operated in the mid-central United States. Beyond Toledo, the planned route would have used the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway, Wabash-Pittsburgh Terminal Railway, Little Kanawha Railroad, West Virginia Central and Pittsburgh Railway, Western Maryland Railroad and Philadelphia and Western Railway, but the Panic of 1907 stopped the plans before the Little Kanawha section could be finished. Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway is a Class II railroad which provides regional freight service The Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railway was a Railroad in the Pittsburgh Pennsylvania and Wheeling West Virginia areas The Western Maryland Railway was an American Class I railroad which operated in Maryland, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania. The Philadelphia and Western Railroad was a high-speed third rail electric Railroad operating in the western suburbs of the U The Panic of 1907 also known as the 1907 Bankers' Panic, was a Financial crisis that occurred in the United States when the Stock market fell close to The Alphabet Route was completed in 1931, providing the portion of this line east of the Mississippi River. The Alphabet Route was a coalition of Railroads connecting the Midwest United States with the Northeast, as a freight alternate to the four major systems The Mississippi River is the second longest River in the United States, with a length of from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to With the merging of the railroads, only the Union Pacific Railroad and the BNSF Railway remain. The BNSF Railway headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining Transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in
The completion of Canada's first transcontinental railroad is an important milestone in Canadian history. Inhabited for millennia by First Nations ( aboriginal) the history of Canada has evolved from a group of European colonies into an officially Between 1881 and 1885, the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) completed a line between Ontario and the Pacific coast, fulfilling a condition of British Columbia's 1871 entry into the Canadian Confederation. The Canadian Pacific Railway ( Ontario (ɒnˈtɛrioʊ is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest after Quebec British Columbia (ˌbrɪtɨʃ kəˈlʌmbiə ( BC) ( (la Colombie-Britannique C Canadian Confederation was the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed beginning 1 July 1867 from the The City of Vancouver, incorporated in 1886, was designated the western terminus of the line. Vancouver (vænˈkuːvɚ is a coastal The CPR became the first transcontinental railway company in North America in 1889 after its International Railway of Maine opened, connecting CPR to the Atlantic coast. The International Railway Company of Maine was a historic railroad constructed by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR between Megantic, Quebec and Mattawamkeag
The construction of a transcontinental railroad had the effect of establishing a Canadian claim to the remaining parts of British North America not yet constituted as provinces and territories of Canada, acting as a bulwark against potential incursions by the United States. British North America consisted of the colonies and territories of the British Empire in continental North America after the end of the American Revolutionary The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second largest country in total area. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
Subsequently, two other transcontinental lines were built in Canada: the Canadian Northern Railway (CNoR) opened another line to the Pacific in 1912, and the combined Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTPR)/National Transcontinental Railway (NTR) system opened in 1917 following the completion of the Quebec Bridge, although its line to the Pacific opened in 1914. The Canadian Northern Railway ( CNoR) is a historic Canadian The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTPR was a historical Canadian railway The National Transcontinental Railway ( NTR) was a historic Canadian railway. The Quebec Bridge ( Pont de Québec in French in Canada crosses the lower Saint Lawrence River to the west of Quebec City, and The CNoR, GTPR, and NTR were nationalized to form the Canadian National Railway, which remains Canada's "other" transcontinental railway. Nationalization, also spelled nationalisation, is the act of taking an industry or assets into the Public ownership of a national government 
The second Transcontinental in Central America began in 1908 as a connection between Puerto San José and Puerto Barrios and ceased passenger service to Puerto San José in 1989. Guatemala had 200 miles (322 km of narrow gauge railroads as of 2006 Puerto San José is a city on Guatemala 's Pacific Ocean coast in the department of Escuintla. Puerto Barrios is a city in Guatemala, located within the Gulf of Honduras at. Puerto San José is a city on Guatemala 's Pacific Ocean coast in the department of Escuintla.
There is activity to revive the connection between Valparaíso and Santiago in Chile and Mendoza, Argentina, through the Transandino project. There are several Trans-Andean Railways which are either planned built defunct or waiting to be restored Valparaíso (literally in Spanish: Valle Paraíso (Paradise Valley and also called "Valpo" locally is a major city in Chile Santiago ( (litteraly in spanish Saint James) is the Capital of Chile, and the center of its largest Conurbation ( Greater Santiago Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the Mendoza (men'dōzə is the capital city of Mendoza Province, in Argentina. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. Mendoza has an active connection to Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires is the Capital and largest city of Argentina. It is geographically located on the southern shore of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern The old Transandino began in 1910 and ceased passenger service in 1978 and freight 4 years later. Technically a complete transcontinental link exists from Arica, Chile, to La Paz, Bolivia, to Buenos Aires, but this trans-Andean crossing is for freight only. Arica is a port city in northern Chile, located only 18 km (11 miles south of the border with Peru. Nuestra Señora de La Paz is the administrative Capital of Bolivia, as well as the departmental capital of La Paz Department. The Republic of Bolivia (República de Bolivia) named after Simón Bolívar, is a Landlocked country in central South America.
Mexico - Panama
- FERISTSA - a proposed north-south line. FERISTSA is the name of a proposed privately-owned commercial railroad going from the Panama Canal through the entire length of Central America, linking with
- The first Eurasian transcontinental railroad was the Trans-Siberian railway (with connecting lines in Europe), completed in 1905 which connects Moscow with Vladivostok on the Pacific coast. For the superstate in George Orwell 's novel see Nations of Nineteen Eighty-Four. The Trans-Siberian Railway or Trans-Siberian Railroad (Транссибирская магистраль Транссиб in Russian, or Transsibirskaya magistral' There are two connections from this line to China. It is the world's longest rail line at 9,289km (5,772 miles) long. This line connects the European Railroad System with China, Mongolia and Korea. Since the former Soviet Countries and Mongolia use a broader gauge, a break of gauge is necessary either at the Eastern frontiers of Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania or the Chinese border. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Slovakia (long form Slovak Republic; Slovak:, long form, is a Landlocked country in Central Europe with a population of over five million Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic Romania ( dated: Rumania, Roumania In spite of this there are through services of passenger trains between Moscow and Beijing or through coaches from Berlin to Novosibirsk. Almost every major town along the Trans-Siberian railway has its own return service to Moscow.
- A second rail line connects Istanbul in Turkey with China via Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. Turkmenistan ( Türkmenistan; also known as Turkmenia) is a Turkic country in Central Asia. Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan ( Uzbek: O‘zbekiston Respublikasi or Ўзбекистон Республикаси is a doubly Kazakhstan, also Kazakstan ( Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, qɑzɑqˈstɑn Казахстан, Kazakhstán,) officially the This route imposes a break of gauge at the Iranian border with Turkmenistan and at the Chinese Border. With railways a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge En route there is also a train ferry in Eastern Turkey across Lake Van. See also Merchant ship A train ferry is a Ship designed to carry railway vehicles Lake Van (Van Gölü Gola Wanê Վանա լիճ Daryacheye Van ("Lake of Van" is the largest Lake The European and Asian parts of Istanbul are currently linked by a train ferry, but an undersea tunnel is under construction. Marmaray is an undersea Rail tunnel being constructed to link the European and Asian halves of Istanbul, running under the Bosphorus strait There is no through service of passenger trains on the entire line. A uniform gauge connection was proposed in 2006, commencing with new construction is Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan Temir Zholy ( KTZ; Қазақстан Темир Жолы (ҚТЖ also National Company Kazakhstan Temir Zholy, is the national Railway company
- The Trans-Asian Railway is a project to link Singapore to Istanbul and is to a large degree complete with missing pieces primarily between Iran and Pakistan (under construction in 2005), and in Myanmar, aside from political issues. The Trans-Asian Railway (TAR is a project to create an integrated freight Railway network across Europe and Asia Singapore Istanbul (historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see the other Names of Istanbul) is the largest city of Turkey For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and Burma, officially the Union of Myanmar ( pjìdàunzṵ mjàmmà nàinŋàndɔ̀ is the largest country by geographical area in mainland Southeast Asia. The project has also linking corridors to China, the central Asian states, and Russia. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending This transcontinental line unfortunately uses a number of different gauges, 1435 mm, 1676 mm and 1000 mm.
- The TransKazakhstanTrunk Railways project by Kazakhstan Temir Zholy will connect China and Europe at a gauge of 1435 mm. Kazakhstan Temir Zholy ( KTZ; Қазақстан Темир Жолы (ҚТЖ also National Company Kazakhstan Temir Zholy, is the national Railway company China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Construction is set to start in 2006. Initially the line will go to western Kazakhstan, south through Turkmenistan to Iran, then to Turkey and Europe. Kazakhstan, also Kazakstan ( Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, qɑzɑqˈstɑn Казахстан, Kazakhstán,) officially the Turkmenistan ( Türkmenistan; also known as Turkmenia) is a Turkic country in Central Asia. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches A shorter to-be-constructed 1435 mm link from Kazakhstan is considered going through Russia and either Belarus or Ukraine. Belarus ( Belarusian Беларусь / Biełaruś is a Landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the north and east Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe.
- The Baghdad Railway connects Istanbul with Baghdad and finally Basra, a sea port at the Persian Gulf. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries the Ottoman Empire planned to construct a Baghdad Railway under German control When its construction started in the 1880s it was in those times a Transcontinental Railroad.
- The proposed trans-Himalayan railway from Pakistan to China via the Khunjerab Pass could count as a transcontinental railroad due to the size of the mountains in the way. Khunjerab Pass ( (el 4693 m/15397 ft is a high Mountain pass in the Karakorum Mountains on the northern border of Pakistan and the Xinjiang 
- The first Trans-Australian Railway was completed in 1917, between Port Augusta and Kalgoorlie, and crosses the Nullarbor Plain. The Trans-Australian Railway is a railway line that crosses the Nullarbor Plain of Australia from Port Augusta in South Australia to Port Augusta (post code 5700 ( is the fifth most populous City in South Australia after Adelaide, Mount Gambier, Whyalla and This line completed the link between the mainland state capitals of Brisbane then Sydney via Melbourne and Adelaide to the western state capital of Perth. Brisbane ( is the state capital of Queensland. Brisbane is the third most populous city in Australia and the most populous city of Queensland Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 Melbourne ( is the second most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 3 Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia with a Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. This route suffered from a number of breaks-of-gauge, using 1435 mm twice, 1600 mm once, and 1067 mm thrice, with five breaks-of-gauge in all. With railways a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge
The Trans-Australian Railway was the first route operated by the Federal Government.
In the 1930s, 1960s, and 1990s steps were taken to rationalise the gauge chaos and connect the mainland capital cities mentioned above with a streamlined 1435 mm uniform gauge system. Since 1970, when the direct line across the country was all completed as standard gauge, the passenger train on the Sydney to Perth line has been called the Indian Pacific. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. Route The route leaves East Perth Station and travels first along a dual gauge section of the Midland suburban line and east to Kalgoorlie, then following
- The first north-south trans-Australia railway opened in January 2004 and links Darwin to Adelaide through the Ghan. Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia with a This line uses the 1435 mm gauge, though it started out as 1067mm gauge.
- In 2006, proposals for new lines in Queensland that would carry both intrastate coal traffic and interstate freight traffic would see standard gauge penetrate the state in considerable stretches for the first time. The standard gauge (also named the Stephenson gauge after George Stephenson, or Normal gauge) is a widely-used Rail gauge. (ARHS Digest September 2006). The standard gauge Inland Railway would ultimately extend from Melbourne to Cairns. The Australian Inland Railway is a proposed railway extending in a north-south direction across the continent from Melbourne to Darwin along a route in mostly flat Melbourne ( is the second most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 3
- There are several ways to cross Africa transcontinentally by connecting west-east railroads. One is the Benguela railway that was completed in 1929. The Benguela railway is operated by the Caminho de Ferro de Benguela ( CFB) that connects the Atlantic port of Lobito It starts in Lobito, Angola and connects through Katanga to the Zambia railways system. Lobito is a city and a municipality of Benguela Province in Angola. Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola Pronounced ʁɛˈpublikɐ dɨ ɐ̃ˈgɔlɐ Repubilika ya Ngola is a country in south-central Katanga is a southern province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Zambia Railways (ZR is the national railway of Zambia, one of the two major railroad organizations in Zambia which may also be referred to as Railway Systems of Zambia From Zambia several ports are accessible on the Indian ocean: Dar es Salaam in Tanzania through the TAZARA, and, through Zimbabwe, Beira and Maputo in Mozambique. Dar es Salaam (دار السلام "Abode of Peace" Dār as-Salām) formerly Mzizima, is the largest city in Tanzania. The TAZARA Railway (also called the Uhuru Railway from the Swahili word for Freedom, and the Tanzam Railway) was built between 1970 and 1975 Beira is the second largest city in Mozambique. It lies in the central region of the country in Sofala Province, where the Pungue River meets the Maputo, formerly Lourenço Marques, is the Capital and largest city of Mozambique. The Angolan Civil War has made the Benguela line largely inoperative, but efforts are being taken to restore it. Another west-east corridor leads from the Atlantic habours in Namibia, either Walvis Bay or Luderitz to the South African rail system that, in turn, links to ports on the Indian Ocean ( i. Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in Southern Africa on the Atlantic coast Walvis Bay ( Dutch / Afrikaans Walvisbaai, German The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's Oceanic divisions covering about 20% of the water on the Earth 's surface e. Durban, Maputo). Durban (eThekwini is the third most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the EThekwini metropolitan municipality. Maputo, formerly Lourenço Marques, is the Capital and largest city of Mozambique.
- A North-South transcontinental railroad had been proposed by Cecil Rhodes: the Cape-Cairo railway. Cecil John Rhodes, PC DCL (5 July 1853 &ndash 26 March 1902 was an English -born Businessman mining Magnate, and Politician This system was seen as the backbone for the African possessions of the British Empire, and was completed. The British Empire was the largest empire in history and for over a century was the foremost global power. During its development, a competing French colonial project for a Trany line from Algiers or Dakar to Abidjan was abandoned after the Fashoda incident. Algiers (الجزائر Algerian Arabic: Dzayer ( (From kabyle pronunciation Kabyle: Ledzayer, Alger) is the Capital and largest For the Dakar Rally see Dakar Rally. For the Israeli submarine see INS Dakar. Abidjan is the largest city and former Capital of Côte d'Ivoire ( Ivory Coast) The Fashoda Incident (1898 was the climax of imperial territorial disputes between the United Kingdom and France in Eastern Africa.
- An extension of Namibian Railways is being built in 2006 with the possible connection to Angolan Railways.
- Libya has proposed a Trans-Saharan Railway connecting to say Nigeria. Railways See also Libyan Railways Libya has had no Railway in operation since 1965, all previous Narrow gauge systems having Decaying infrastructure is one of the deficiencies that Nigeria ’s National Economic Empowerment Development Strategy (NEEDS seeks to address
African Union of Railways
- The African Union of Railways has ambitious plans to connect the various railways of Africa. The African Union of Railways in an Organisation under the auspices of the new African Union dealing with Railways.
- ^ Canadian Pacific Railway. Retrieved on 2008-01-18. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Events 350 - Generallus Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor
- ^ Canadian National. Retrieved on 2008-01-18. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Events 350 - Generallus Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor
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