The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (Eje Volcánico Transversal) also known locally as Sierra Nevada, is a volcanic belt that extends 900 km from west to east across central-southern Mexico. A volcanic belt is a large volcanically active region Other terms are used for smaller areas of activity such as volcanic fields Volcanic belts are found above zones The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Several of its highest peaks have snow all year long, and during clear weather, they are visible to a large proportions of those who live in Mexico on the many high plateaus from which these volcanoes rise.
From the west, it runs from Jalisco east through northern Michoacán, southern Guanajuato, southern Querétaro, México State, southern Hidalgo, the Distrito Federal, northern Morelos, Puebla and Tlaxcala, to central Veracruz. Jalisco is a state in Mexico. The capital of Jalisco is the city of Guadalajara. Michoacán formally Michoacán de Ocampo (from Nahuatl Michhuacān "place of the fishermen" is one of the 31 constituent states Guanajuato is the name of a state in Mexico and that state's capital city as well as a river in the area Querétaro (former formal name Querétaro Arteaga) is a state in central Mexico. Mexico State or State of Mexico (often abbreviated to " Edomex " from Estado de México in Spanish) is a state in the Mexico City (in Spanish: Ciudad de México, México DF, México or simply Méjico) is the Capital city of Mexico Morelos is one of the constituent States of Mexico. Morelos has an area of about, making it the second-smallest of the country's states Is a Mexican state located in the center east of the country to the east of Mexico City. Tlaxcala (tlasˈkala is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located to the east of Mexico City. Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that constitute the republic of Mexico. The Mexican Plateau lies to the north, bounded by the Sierra Madre Occidental to the west and Sierra Madre Oriental to the east. The Central Mexican Plateau, also known as the Mexican Altiplano, is a large plateau that occupies much of northern and central Mexico. The Sierra Madre Occidental is a mountain range in western Mexico and the extreme southwest of the United States, extending 1500 km from southeast Arizona The Sierra Madre Oriental is a Mountain range in northeastern Mexico, spanning 1000 km from Coahuila south through Nuevo León, southwest The Cofre de Perote and Pico de Orizaba volcanoes, in Puebla and Veracruz, mark the meeting of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt with the Sierra Madre Oriental. Cofre de Perote, originally Naupa-Tecutépetl (from Nāuhpa-Tēuctēpetl in the Nahuatl language is known also as Nauhcampatépetl. The Pico de Orizaba, or Citlaltépetl (from Nahuatl citlal(in = star and tepētl = mountain is a Stratovolcano, the highest To the south, the basin of the Balsas River lies between the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt and the Sierra Madre del Sur. The Balsas River is a River in south-central Mexico that drains the large Balsas Basin (a Graben) The Sierra Madre del Sur is a Mountain range in southern Mexico, extending 1000 km from southern Michoacán east through Guerrero, to the This area is also a distinct physiographic province of the larger Sierra Madre System physiographic division.
The highest point, also the highest point in Mexico, is Pico de Orizaba (5636 m) also known as Citlaltépetl, located at . The Pico de Orizaba, or Citlaltépetl (from Nahuatl citlal(in = star and tepētl = mountain is a Stratovolcano, the highest This, and several of the other high peaks, are active or dormant volcanoes; other notable volcanoes in the range include (from west to east) Nevado de Colima (4339 m), Parícutin (2774 m), Nevado de Toluca (4577 m), Popocatépetl (5452 m), Iztaccíhuatl (5286 m), Matlalcueitl (4461 m) Cofre de Perote (4282 m) and Sierra Negra, a companion of the Pico de Orizaba (4580 m). Plate tectonics and hotspots Divergent plate boundaries At the Colima's Volcano is the most active Volcano in Mexico, and has erupted more than 40 times since 1576. Parícutin (or Volcán de Parícutin also accented Paricutín by locals to more closely match the pronunciation of the native Purepecha name Parhicutini or spelled unaccented Nevado de Toluca is a large Stratovolcano in central Mexico, located about west of Mexico City near the city of Toluca. Popocatépetl (commonly referred to as Popo, El Popo or Don Goyo) (popokaˈtepetɬ is an active Volcano and at 5426 m Iztaccíhuatl (alternative spellings include Ixtaccíhuatl, or either variant spelled without the accent (istakˈsiwatɬ or as spelled with the x, iʃtakˈsiwatɬ For additional meanings see Matlalcueitl and La Malinche. La Malinche mountain also known as Matlalcuéyetl Matlalcueitl or Malintzin Cofre de Perote, originally Naupa-Tecutépetl (from Nāuhpa-Tēuctēpetl in the Nahuatl language is known also as Nauhcampatépetl. Sierra Negra (also and perhaps more properly called Cerro La Negra) is a companion peak of Mexico's highest mountain the Pico de Orizaba.
The mountains are home to the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests, one of the Mesoamerican pine-oak forests ecoregions. The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests is a subtropical coniferous forest Ecoregion of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt of central Mexico The Mesoamerican pine-oak forests is a composite Ecoregion of southern Mexico and Central America, designated by the World Wildlife Fund as one An ecoregion ( ecological region) sometimes called a bioregion, is an ecologically and geographically defined area smaller than a "realm" or "