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A train station, railway station, or railroad station is a facility at which passengers may board and alight from trains and/or rail-transported freight may be loaded or unloaded. This article is about passengers in commercial transportation for other uses see Passenger (disambiguation A passenger is a term broadly used A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a track ( Permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another Cargo (or freight) refers to goods or produce transported generally for Commercial gain by ship, aircraft, train, 
The term train station, of North American origin, has becoming increasingly common throughout the English-speaking world – perhaps by analogy with bus station – for what has long been more technically and traditionally referred to as a railroad (or railway) station. bus station is a structure where city or intercity Buses stop to pick up and drop off passengers  Historically, the term (railroad) depot has also been employed in North America.
A station usually consists of at least one building for passengers (and possibly freight) plus other installations associated with the functioning of the railway or railroad.  A small station with few facilities and/or limited use may be known as a "halt" in UK usage, or in US usage a "stop". |}A train station, railway station, railroad station, or station yard is a facility at which Passengers may board and alight from Trains In the United States, a station is technically distinguished from a depot in that a station is a designated stop, with or without a depot.
Early stations were sometimes built with both passenger and goods facilities; though a number of railway lines were goods only or passenger only, and if a line was dual purpose, there would often be a goods depot apart from the passenger station.  Dual purpose stations can sometimes still be found today, though in many cases goods facilities are restricted to major stations. Stations are sited either adjacent to a railway line, or at the end of one (in which case they are said to form the terminus of the line). |}A train station, railway station, railroad station, or station yard is a facility at which Passengers may board and alight from Trains Usually raised platforms are present to allow passengers to access trains easily and safely. A railway platform is a section of pathway alongside Rail tracks at a Train station, Metro station or Tram stop, at which passengers may board Platforms may be connected by subways, footbridges, or level crossings; passenger facilities such as shelter, ticket sales and benches can be found on the platforms or (at larger stations, where buildings exist) in the station's public buildings. In the United Kingdom and some Commonwealth countries (such as India, Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, and Singapore) the term A footbridge is a Bridge designed for Pedestrians and in some cases cyclists and horse riders, rather than vehicular Traffic The term level crossing (also called a railroad crossing, road through railroad, railway crossing, train crossing or grade crossing A ticket is a Voucher to indicate that one has paid for Admission to an event or establishment such as a Theatre, Movie theater, Amusement For metonymic and other uses see Bench (metonymy and Bench A bench is a piece of Furniture, which mostly offersseveral persons 
As well as providing services for passengers and loading facilities for goods, stations often had locomotive and rolling stock depots (which usually had facilities for storing and refuelling locomotives and rolling stock and carrying out minor repair jobs). In North America, a railway station that is jointly used by several rail transport companies is sometimes called a union station, or an interchange station. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. For other meanings see Union Station. See List of Union Stations for a specific station with the name Jewellry Quarter railway station train and tram - Birmingham - 2005-10-14 Stations co-located with other transport systems such as trams and buses may also be referred to as interchanges, as may stations offering both metro/subway and heavy-rail services. A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train
The first stations had little in the way of buildings or amenities. The first stations in the modern sense were on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, opened in 1830. The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR was the world's first inter-city passenger Railway in which all the trains were timetabled and were hauled for most of the distance For the game see 1830 (board game. Year 1830 ( MDCCCXXX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display  As of 2008, Manchester's Liverpool Road Station is preserved as part of the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester. The Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester (MOSI located in Manchester, England, is a large Museum devoted to the development of science technology It resembles a row of Georgian houses. Georgian architecture is the name given in most English -speaking countries to the set of Architectural styles current between 1720 and 1840
In rural and remote communities across Canada and the United States passengers wanting to board the train had to flag the train down in order for it to stop. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Such stations were known as "Flag stops" or "Flag stations". 
Many stations date from the 19th century and reflect the grand scale architecture of the time, lending prestige to the city as well as to railway operations.  Countries where railways arrived later may still have such architecture, as later stations often imitated 19th century styles.
Various forms of architecture have been used in the construction of railway stations, from those boasting grand and intricate almost Baroque or Gothic-style edifices, to plainer utilitarian or modern styles. Baroque art redirects here Please disambiguate such links to Baroque painting, Baroque sculpture, etc See also Gothic art Gothic architecture is a style of Architecture which flourished during the high and late medieval period. Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is solely determined by its contribution to overall Utility, that is its contribution to happiness Modernism describes an array of Cultural movements rooted in the changes in Western society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century Stations in Europe followed British designs, and were in some countries, like Italy, financed by English railway companies. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest 
Stations built more recently often have a similar feel to airports, with a simple abstract style. Examples of modern stations include those on newer high-speed rail networks, such as the Shinkansen in Japan, TGV lines in France, Berlin's new Hauptbahnhof station, or ICE lines in Germany. The is a Network of High-speed railway lines in Japan operated by four Japan Railways Group companies For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. The TGV ( t rain à g rande v itesse, French for "high-speed train" is France 's High-speed rail service This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. or Berlin Central Station, is the main Railway station in Berlin, Germany and the largest crossing station in Europe. The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and neighbouring countries Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe.
Britain boasts a new modern rail terminus at Waterloo International, the end-point for the Eurostar Channel Tunnel rail services to France and Belgium from the opening in 1994 to 2007. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Eurostar is a High-speed train service in Western Europe connecting London and Kent in the United Kingdom, with Paris The Channel Tunnel (Le tunnel sous la Manche also known as the Chunnel, is a undersea rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent in England with The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Since the opening of High Speed 1 in November 2007, Eurostar services have terminated at St Pancras railway station. St Pancras railway station is a major railway station situated in the St Pancras area of Central London between the British Library and King's Cross
A terminus (or terminal, in North American parlance) is a station at which, since it lies at the very end of a line of railway, all arriving trains must perforce terminate their journeys, and from which they can consequently depart only following a reversal. The principal advantage of such an arrangement is that it permits travellers to reach all of the platforms without the need to cross any tracks – all of the main reception facilities and the public entrance to the station being accommodated at the far inbound end of the platforms. A railway platform is a section of pathway alongside Rail tracks at a Train station, Metro station or Tram stop, at which passengers may board In a few cases, however, stations situated at the end of lines (and thus termini as far as the transport of passengers is concerned) are operationally through stations – "terminating" trains proceeding empty following arrival to a point beyond the station at which they reverse direction prior to returning to pick up departing passengers.
A terminus is frequently, but not always, the final destination of all trains arriving at the station. Where, however, the terminus is an intermediate point on a train's itinerary, arrangements must be made to allow the train to leave in the reverse direction from that of its arrival. There are several ways in which this can be accomplished:
The largest and most famous rail terminus in the United States is Grand Central Terminal in New York City, USA. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the "Grand Central Station" redirects here For other uses see Grand Central. The City of New York The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Often major cities, such as London, Boston, Paris or Milan will have one or more termini, rather than routes straight through the city. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. Train journeys through such cities often require alternative transport (metro, bus or taxi) from one terminus to the other. A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway or metro(politan system is an electric passenger railway A taxicab, also taxi or cab, is a type of Public transport for a single passenger or small group of passengers typically for a non-shared ride Some cities, including New York, have both situations. Chicago has four major rail terminals presently in service, of which only one provides Amtrak intercity service (see Rail stations of Chicago). Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 During the heyday of Rail transportation in the first half of the Twentieth century, Chicago reigned as the undisputed railroad center of the United States
Railway stations usually include either ticket booths, or ticket machines. A ticket machine is a Vending machine that produces tickets For instance ticket machines dispense Train tickets at railway stations and Ticket sales may also be combined with customer service desks or convenience stores. A convenience store is a small store or shop. They are often located alongside busy roads or at gas/petrol stations. Many stations include some form of convenience store. Larger stations usually have fast-food or restaurant facilities. Fast food is the term given to food that can be prepared and served very quickly A restaurant is a retail establishment that serves prepared Food to Customers. In some countries, such stations also have a bar, or pub. A bar (also called a Pub or Tavern) is a business that serves drinks especially Alcoholic beverages such as beer liquor and mixed drinks for consumption Other station facilities include: toilets, left-luggage, lost-and-found, departures and arrivals boards, luggage carts, waiting rooms, taxi ranks and bus bays. A toilet is a Plumbing fixture and disposal system primarily intended for the disposal of the bodily wastes: Urine and fecal matter. A lost and found ( American English and Canadian English) lost property ( British English) or lost articles (also Canadian English See also Timetable A public transport timetable is a listing of the times that public transport services arrive and depart specified locations A waiting room is a building or more commonly a part of a building where people sit or stand until the event they are waiting for occurs See also Taxicab A taxicab stand (also called taxi rank, cab stand, taxi stand, Cab rank, or hack stand Larger or manned stations tend to have a greater range of facilities. A most basic station might only have platforms, though it would still be distinguished from a halt, a stopping or halting place that may not even have platforms. In many African and South American countries, stations are used as a place for public markets and other informal business. South America is a Continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a This is especially true on tourist routes or stations near tourist destinations as souvenirs can be made and sold to "wealthy" visitors to the county. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel A tourist destination is a city town or other area that is dependent to a significant extent on the revenues accruing from Tourism.
See also railway station layouts
In addition to the basic configuration of a railway station, various features set certain types of station apart. A railway station is a place where trains make scheduled stops The first is the level of the tracks. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. Stations are often sited where a road crosses the railway: unless the crossing is a level crossing, the road and railway will be at different levels. The term level crossing (also called a railroad crossing, road through railroad, railway crossing, train crossing or grade crossing The platforms will often be raised or lowered relative to the station entrance: the station buildings may be on either level, or both. The other arrangement, where the station entrance and platforms are on the same level, is also common, but is perhaps rarer in urban areas, except when the station is a terminus. Elevated stations are more common, not including metro stations. Stations located at level crossings can be problematic if the train blocks the roadway while it stops, causing drivers to wait for an extended period of time.
An unusual configuration is where the station serves railway lines at differing levels. This may be due to the station's situation at a point where two lines cross (example: Berlin Hauptbahnhof), or may be to provide separate station capacity for two types of service, e. or Berlin Central Station, is the main Railway station in Berlin, Germany and the largest crossing station in Europe. g. intercity and suburban (example: Paris Gare de Lyon or Philadelphia's 30th Street Station), or simply two different destinations. The Gare de Lyon is one of the six large railway termini in Paris, France. 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Stations may also be classified on the layout of the platforms. Apart from single-track lines, the most basic arrangement is a pair of railway tracks for the two directions; but even there there is a basic choice of an island platform between, or two separate platforms outside, the tracks. An island platform (also known as center platform or centre platform) on a Railway is where a single platform lies between two tracks With more tracks, the possibilities expand.
Some stations have unusual platform layouts, due to space constraints of the station location, or the alignment of the railway lines. Examples include staggered platforms, such as Tutbury and Hatton railway station on the Derby - Crewe line, and curved platforms, such as Cheadle Hulme railway station on the Macclesfield to Manchester Line. Tutbury and Hatton Station is a railway station on the Crewe to Derby Line. Cheadle Hulme railway station is on the West Coast Main Line and is included in Network Rail Route 20 (North West Urban Triangular stations also exist where two lines form a three-way junction and platforms are built on all three sides. A railway station is a place where trains make scheduled stops
During a journey, the term station stop may be used in announcements, to differentiate a halt during which passengers may alight, from a halt for another reason, such as a locomotive change.
A railway stop is a spot along a railway line, usually between stations or at a seldom-used station, where passengers can board and exit the train; US usage is flag stop. This article is about passengers in commercial transportation for other uses see Passenger (disambiguation A passenger is a term broadly used A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a track ( Permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another
While a junction or interlocking usually divides two or more railway lines or routes, and thus has remotely or locally operated signals, a station stop does not. In Railway signaling, an interlocking is an arrangement of signal apparatus that prevents conflicting movements through an arrangement of tracks such as junctions or crossings "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. A signal is a mechanical or electrical device erected beside a Railway line to pass information relating to the state of the line ahead to train drivers/engineers. A station stop usually does not have any other tracks than the main tracks, and no switches, although many exceptions exist where a station stop is within interlocking limits. This article primarily uses North American terminology British and Commonwealth terms are given in parentheses In Railway signaling, an interlocking is an arrangement of signal apparatus that prevents conflicting movements through an arrangement of tracks such as junctions or crossings
A halt, in railway parlance, is a small railway station, usually unstaffed and with few facilities. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. In some cases, trains only halt there "on request"; i. e. when a passenger on the platform indicates that they wish to board, or a passenger on the train informs the crew that they wish to alight.
In the United Kingdom most, if still in existence, have had the word halt removed from their title in recent years. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Historically, in many instances the spelling 'halte' was used, before the modern spelling became commonplace.
Where the description is still used (verbally, if not actually on the station signs) it is usually a station served by public services but not available for use by the general public, being accessible only by persons travelling to/from an associated factory (e. g. IBM Halt), military base (e. IBM railway station (formerly known as IBM Halt) is a railway station on the Inverclyde Line 41 km (25½ miles west of Glasgow Central. g. Lympstone Commando) or railway yard. Lympstone Commando railway station is a Railway station on the branch line from Exeter to Exmouth in Devon, England.
Accessibility for people with disabilities is important in station design and mandated by law in some countries. Considerations include: elevator or ramp access to all platforms, matching platform height to train floors, making wheelchair lifts available when platforms do not match vehicle floors, accessible toilets and pay phones, audible station announcements, safety measures such as tactile marking of platform edges.