The Touraine is a former province of France. The Kingdom of France was organised into Provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Its capital was Tours. Tours is a city in France the Préfecture (capital city of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river During the political reorganization of French territory in 1790, the Touraine was divided between the départements of Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher and Indre. Year 1790 ( MDCCXC) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre and the Loire rivers Loir-et-Cher is a department in north-central France named after the rivers Loir and Cher. Indre is a department in the center of France named after the Indre River.
Traversed by the Loire and its tributaries the Cher, the Indre and the Vienne, the Touraine makes up a part of the Paris Basin. The Loire River (lwaʁ in French) is the longest River in France. The Cher is a River in central France, left tributary to the river Loire. The Indre is a River in central France, left tributary to the river Loire. The Vienne is one of the most important Rivers in south-western France, a significant left tributary of the lower Loire. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city The term sedimentary basin is used to refer to any geographical feature exhibiting Subsidence and consequent infilling by sedimentation It is well-known for its viticulture. Viticulture (from the Latin word for Vine) is the Science, production and study of Grapes which deals with the series of The TGV, which connects Tours with Paris in less than an hour, has made the Touraine a place of residence for people who work in the capital but seek a different quality of life. The TGV ( t rain à g rande v itesse, French for "high-speed train" is France 's High-speed rail service
The Touraine takes its name from the Celtic tribe called the Turones. Celts (ˈkɛlts or /ˈsɛlts/, see Names of the Celts The Turones were a Celtic tribe of pre- Roman Gaul. They gave their name to the French town Tours. Nicknamed "The Garden of France," it was the retreat of kings at the end of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere
Touraine's history cannot be told without knowing how the name came to be. A Celtic tribe called the Turones inhabited the land later known as Touraine, nearly 2000 years ago. In 1044, the control of Touraine was given to the Angevins, who became kings of England in 1154 with the castle Chinon as their greatest stronghold. Angevin (ˈændʒəvɪn ( French, from Old French, from Medieval Latin Andegavinus from Andegavia Anjou, France) is the name applied Chinon is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. In 1205, Phillip II Augustus of France regained Touraine. It was then that Touraine was made into a royal duchy. The next historical event was in 1429 when Saint Joan of Arc had an historic meeting with the future Charles VII at Chinon. Joan of Arc (c 1412 Joan asserted that she had visions from God that told her to recover her homeland from English domination late in the Hundred Years' Charles VII (22 February 1403 – 22 July 1461 called the Victorious (le Victorieux or the Well-Served (le Bien-Servi was King of France from 1422 Chinon is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. Throughout the late 1400s and 1500s, Touraine was a favorite residence of French kings and the dark and gloomy castles were converted to beautiful Renaissance châteaux. These same châteaux are very popular tourist attractions today. The royal duchy later became a province in 1584, and was divided into departments in 1790.
The Touraine is celebrated for its number of châteaux, for example at Amboise, Azay-le-Rideau, Chaumont, Chenonceaux, Chinon, Langeais, Loches, Villandry and Blois. For other senses of this word see Château (disambiguation. A château (plural châteaux) is a Manor house or residence The royal Château at Amboise is a Château located in Amboise, in the Indre-et-Loire département of the Loire Valley Azay-le-Rideau is a commune of the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. Château de Chaumont is a French castle It was the first Château at Chaumont-sur-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, France. The Château de Chenonceau, near the small village of Chenonceaux, in the Indre-et-Loire département of the Loire Valley Chinon is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. The Château de Langeais Indre-et-Loire, France was built on a promontory created by the small valley of the Roumer River at the opening to the Val The Château de Loches is located in the département of Indre-et-Loire in the Loire Valley in France and is a very ancient Villandry is a commune of the Indre-et-Loire département in France. The Royal Château de Blois is located in the Loir-et-Cher département in the Loire Valley, in France.
The historic region of Touraine is home to many wonders and tourist attractions. Touraine's châteaux number over a dozen, and their regal splendor stands out even more than the lush green valleys and beautiful farmlands and scenery.
. Alfred Victor de Vigny ( March 27, 1797 &ndash September 17, 1863) was a French Poet, Playwright, and Novelist Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci ( April 15 1452 – May 2 1519 was an Italian Polymath, having been a scientist Mathematician, Engineer Archibald Douglas Duke of Touraine, Earl of Douglas, and Wigtown, Lord of Annandale, Galloway 13th Lord of Douglas (1372–1424 was Touraine may also refer to Alain Touraine, French sociologist The Hundred Years' War (Guerre de Cent Ans was a prolonged conflict lasting from 1337 to 1453 between two royal houses for the French throne vacant with the extinction of the senior French wine is produced in several regions throughout France, on over 800000 Hectares (over 2 million Acres of Vineyards and in a typical