Togo (October 1913 – December 5, 1929) was the sled dog who led Leonhard Seppala and his dog sled team as they covered the longest distance in the 1925 relay of diphtheria antitoxin from Anchorage to Nome, Alaska, to combat an outbreak of the disease. Year 1913 ( MCMXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 63 BC - Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations. Year 1929 ( MCMXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Sled dogs, known also as sleightman dogs sledge dogs or sleddogs are types of Dogs that are used to pull a wheel-less vehicle Leonhard Seppala ( September 14, 1877 &ndash January 1967 was a Norwegian of Kven descent A dog sled is a Sled pulled by one or more Sled dogs used to travel over Ice and through Snow. Year 1925 ( MCMXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Diphtheria ( Greek διφθερα ( diphthera)—“pair of leather scrolls" is an upper respiratory tract illness characterized by sore An antitoxin is an Antibody with the ability to neutralize a specific Toxin. Nome is a city located on the southern Seward Peninsula coast on Norton Sound of the Bering Sea The run is commemorated by the annual Iditarod dog sled race. The Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, usually just called the " Iditarod " is an annual Sled dog race in Alaska, where mushers Dogsled racing, more accurately referred to as Sleddog Racing is a winter dog sport involving the timed competition of teams of Sleddogs that pull a sled
Togo was a champion Siberian Husky, and named after Heihachiro Togo, the Japanese Admiral during the Russo-Japanese War. Fleet Admiral Marquis (, OM, GCVO, ( 27 January 1848 - 30 May 1934) was a Fleet Admiral in For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. The Russo-Japanese War (日露戦争 Romaji: Nichi-Ro Sensō Русско-японская война Russko-Yaponskaya Voyna;, 10 February 1904 – 5 September His coat was black, brown, and gray, and he weighed about 48 pounds (22 kg). He was the son of Suggen, Seppala's lead dog during the 1914 All-Alaska Sweepstakes, and was a precocious leader. Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year At the time of the serum run Togo was twelve years old.
One of the more dramatic events illustrating his abilities occurred while Seppala and Togo were crossing the ice of the Norton Sound. Norton Sound is an inlet of the Bering Sea on the western coast of the U The team was temporarily stranded after the ice they were crossing broke off and became an ice floe for several hours. Sea ice is formed from Ocean water that freezes Because the Oceans consist of Saltwater, this occurs at about -1 When the ice drifted back to the solid sheet of ice crossing the bay, Seppala had Togo jump across the 5-foot (1. 5 m) gap in-harness to pull the floe closer to the shore. The harness snapped and fell into the water, but Togo jumped into the water, took the traces in his jaw, and pulled the floes together until it was safe for the rest of the team to jump.
The first batch of 300,000 units of serum was delivered by train from Anchorage to Nenana, Alaska, where it was picked up by the first of twenty mushers and more than 100 dogs who relayed the serum a total of 674 miles (1,085 km) to Nome. During the 1925 serum run to Nome, also known as the " Great Race of Mercy " 20 mushers and about 150 Sled dogs relayed Diphtheria A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a track ( Permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another Nenana (nɛˈnænə is a Home Rule City on the Tanana River in the U
Togo and Seppala traveled 170 miles (274 km) from Nome in three days, and picked up the serum from Henry Ivanoff just outside of Shaktoolik on January 31. Shaktoolik is a city in Nome Census Area, Alaska, United States. Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes The temperature was estimated at −30 °F (−34 °C), and the gale force winds causing a wind chill of −85 °F (−65 °C). A gale is a very strong Wind. There are conflicting definitions of how strong This page is for the movie "Wind Chill" For the term see Wind chill.
The return trip crossed the exposed open ice of the Norton Sound. Norton Sound is an inlet of the Bering Sea on the western coast of the U The night and a ground blizzard prevented Seppala from being able to see the path but Togo navigated to the roadhouse at Isaac's Point on the shore by 8 AM. After traveling 84 miles (134 km) in one day, the team slept for six hours before continuing at 2 AM.
Before the night the temperature dropped to −40 °F (−40 °C), and the wind increased to 65 mi/h (105 km/h). The team ran across the ice, which was breaking up, while following the shoreline. They returned to shore to cross Little McKinley Mountain, climbing 5,000 feet (1,500 m). After descending to the next roadhouse in Golovin, Seppala passed the serum to Charlie Olsen, who in turn would pass it to Gunnar Kaasen and Balto. Golovin is a city in Nome Census Area, Alaska, United States. Gunnar Kaasen (1882 &ndash 1960 was a Norwegian musher who delivered a cylinder containing 300000 units of Diphtheria Antitoxin to Nome Balto (c 1919 &ndash 14 March, 1933) was a Siberian Husky Sled dog (although some sources incorrectly state that he is an Alaskan Malamute
After the successful serum run, the faster freight dog Balto became the most famous canine of the run. Many mushers today consider Seppala and Togo to be the true heroes of the run as together they covered the longest and most hazardous leg. Mushing also means playing on a MUSH. Mushing also can be used to describe the kneading behavior of domestic cats They made a round trip of 261 miles (420 km) from Nome to Shaktoolik and back to Golovin, and delivered the serum a total of 91 miles (146 km), almost double the distance of any other team.
Immediately after the relay, Togo and another dog on the team escaped to chase after reindeer, eventually returning to their kennel in Little Creek. Seppala was dismayed that the champion was neglected by the press, commenting "it was almost more than I could bear when the newspaper dog Balto received a statue for his 'glorious achievements'". (Salisbury & Salisbury, 2003. ) Many people consider these words a influence on the movie 'Balto' because nobody thought him good enough just like Seppala had said.
In October 1926, Seppala, Togo, and a team of dogs went on a tour from Seattle, Washington to California, while Balto and his team were sold on the cheap and relegated to the vaudeville circuit since they couldn't be used in the breeding shed and weren't considered 'elite' dogs by the purists. Year 1926 ( MCMXXVI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Seppala and Togo drew large crowds at stadiums and department stores, and even appeared in a Lucky Strike cigarette campaign. A department store is a Retail establishment which specializes in selling a wide range of products without a single predominant merchandise line. Lucky Strike is a famous Brand of American Cigarettes often referred to as "Luckies" A cigarette ( French "small Cigar " from cigar + -ette) is a product consumed through Smoking and manufactured In New York City, Seppala drove his team from the steps of City Hall along Fifth Avenue, made a pass through Central Park. The City of New York Central Park is a large public Urban park in New York City, with about twenty-five million visitors annually The team appeared multiple times at Madison Square Garden, which was being managed by Tom Rickard formerly of Nome, where Togo was awarded a gold medal by Roald Amundsen. Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, and known colloquially as The Garden, has been the name of four Arenas in New York City. Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (ˈɾuːɑl ˈɑmʉnsən ( July 16, 1872 – c
In New England, they competed in several dog sled races against local Chinook dogs, and won by huge margins. History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the The Chinook is a rare dog breed of Sleddog type developed in the New England region of the United States in the early As a result, Siberian huskies became popular in Maine, and Seppala sold most of his team to a local kennel. The State of Maine ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean This article concerns shelter for Dogs For the missile with the code name "kennel" see AS-1 Kennel A kennel is the name The popularity led to their recognition as an official breed by the American Kennel Club in 1930, and most Siberian huskies in America are descended from a serum run participant. The American Kennel Club (or AKC) is a registry of Purebred Dog pedigrees in the United States.
Togo retired in Poland Spring, Maine, where he was euthanized on December 5, 1929 aged 16 years old. Put to sleep redirects here For its literal meaning see Sleep or Anaesthetic. Events 63 BC - Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations. Year 1929 ( MCMXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The headline in The New York Sun Times the next day was "Dog Hero Rides to His Death" (Salisbury & Salisbury, 2003), and he was eulogized in many other papers. After his death, Seppala had him custom mounted, and today the dog is on display in a glass case at the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race Museum Headquarters in Wasilla, Alaska.
Togo's legacy is constantly spreading. Many modern trainers of Siberian Huskies trace the lineage of their dogs back to Togo. Many more search for Balto's relatives than Togo's relatives, but tracing a line back to Balto would be impossible . Due to the fact that Balto was neutered when he was still a puppy. Though people estimate Balto's relatives would have been a bigger hit if it was possible for him to have pups.