|Tiridates III of Armenia|
|Father||Chosroes I of Armenia|
Tiridates III (or Trdat III, Armenian: Տրդատ Գ. The Armenian language (hy հայերեն լեզու hajɛɹɛn lɛzu —, conventional short form) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian ) was a king of Arsacid Armenia (285-339), and is also known as Tiridates the Great. The Arsacid Dynasty (Arshakuni Dynasty ruled the Kingdom of Armenia from 54 to 428 Events By Place Roman Empire July — Rival Emperors Carinus and Diocletian face each other in the Battle of the Margus Events By Topic Religion Athanasius is deposed as Patriarch of Alexandria. (Some scholars incorrectly refer to him as Tiridates IV as a result of the fact that Tiridates I of Armenia reigned twice. Tiridates I ( Տրդատ Ա EA: Trdat I WA: Drtad I was King of Armenia beginning in AD 53 and the founder of the Arshakuni Dynasty ) In 301, Tiridates proclaimed Christianity as the sole religion in Armenia, making that nation-state the first nation in history to do so. For the article see Article 301 (Turkish penal code. Events By Place Roman Empire Emperor Diocletian issues his Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings
Tiridates III was the son of Chosroes I of Armenia, the latter being assassinated in 287 by a Parthian agent named Anak under orders from Ardashir I. For the processor see Intel 80287. Events By Place Roman Empire Diocletian and Maximian Parthia ( Middle Persian: اشکانیان Ashkâniân) was an Iranian civilization situated in the northeastern part of modern Iran Ardashir I, founder of the Sassanid dynasty, was ruler of Istakhr (206-241 subsequently Persia Anak was captured and executed along with most of his family, while two of his sons one of whom was Saint Gregory the Illuminator were sheltered in Ceasaria. Saint Gregory the Illuminator or Saint Gregory the Enlightener (Գրիգոր Լուսաւորիչ translit Being the only surviving heir to the throne, Tiridates was quickly taken away to Rome soon after his father’s assassination, while still an infant. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 He was educated in Rome and was well learned in languages and military tactics; in addition, he firmly understood and appreciated Roman law. Roman law is the legal system of Ancient Rome. As used in the West the term commonly refers to legal developments prior to the Roman/Byzantine state's adopting
In 270 AD the Roman emperor Aurelian reengaged the Sassanids on the eastern front and he was able to drive them back. Events By Place Roman Empire Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire and is succeeded by Aurelian. Lucius Domitius Aurelianus ( September 9, 214 or 215 &ndashSeptember or October 275 known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270&ndash275 The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty or Sassanian Dynasty (ساسانیان) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian empire Tiridates, as the true heir to the Parthian-occupied Armenian throne, came to Armenia and quickly raised an army and drove the enemy out in 287 AD. The Kingdom of Armenia (or Greater Armenia) was an independent kingdom from 190 BC to AD 387 and a client state of the Roman and Persian empires until For the processor see Intel 80287. Events By Place Roman Empire Diocletian and Maximian The Roman-Armenian relationship grew stronger, especially while Diocletian ruled the empire. Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus ( ca. December 22 244 The modern historian Timothy Barnes takes December 22 as his birthdate This can be attributed to the upbringing of Tiridates III, to the consistent Parthian aggressions and to the murder of his father by Anak. Diocletian left the Armenian state in a quasi-independent and protectorate status possibly to use it as a buffer in case of a Parthian attack. In International law, a protectorate is a autonomous territory that is "protected" by a stronger state or entity hense the protector which engages to protect
The story of the conversion of the king and the nation is historically true, but the actual details could possibly be rooted in legend. Gregory the Illuminator, the son of Anak, was a Christian convert who, feeling guilt for the father’s sin, joined the Armenian army and worked as a secretary. Saint Gregory the Illuminator or Saint Gregory the Enlightener (Գրիգոր Լուսաւորիչ translit Christianity in Armenia had a strong footing by the end of the 3rd century AD but the nation by and large still followed Armenian pagan beliefs. Tiridates III was no exception as he too worshipped various gods. During a pagan religious ceremony Tiridates III ordered Gregory to place a flower wreath at the foot of the statue of the goddess Anahit in Eriza. Anahit was the goddess of fertility and birth (analog to Aphrodite beauty and water in Armenian mythology Gregory refused, proclaiming his Christian faith. This act infuriated the king. His fury was only exacerbated when several individuals declared that Gregory was the son of Anak; the traitor who had killed Tiridates’s father. Gregory was tortured and finally thrown in Khor Virap, a deep underground dungeon. The Khor Virap ("Խոր Վիրապ" in Armenian, meaning deep dungeon) monastery is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Armenia.
During the years of Gregory’s imprisonment, a group of virgins, lead by Gayane, came to Armenia as they fled the Roman persecution of their Christian faith. Tiridates III heard about the group and the legendary beauty of one of its members, Hripsime. St Hripsime Church in Echmiadzin, Armenia, completed in 618 is one of the oldest surviving churches in Armenia and is known for its fine Armenian architecture He brought them to the palace and demanded to marry the beautiful virgin; she refused. The king had the whole group tortured and killed. After this event, he fell ill and according to legend, he adopted a pig-like behavior and was aimlessly wandering around in the forest. The king’s sister, Xosroviduxt, had a dream wherein Gregory was still alive in the dungeon and he was the only one able to cure the king. Xosroviduxt (խոսրովիդուխթ sometimes called Khosrovidukht, was an Armenian Composer and Poet. At this point it had been 13 years since his imprisonment, and the odds of him being alive were slim. But they retrieved him and despite being incredibly malnourished he was still alive. He was kept alive by a kindhearted woman that threw a loaf of bread down in Khor Virap everyday for him.
Tiridates III was brought to Gregory, and was miraculously cured of his illness in 301 AD. Tiridates III immediately proclaimed Christianity the official state religion. And so, Armenia became the first nation to officially adopt Christianity. Tiridates III appointed Gregory as the first Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Catholicos (plural Catholicoi) is a title used by the Patriarch (head/regional head Bishop) of any of certain Eastern churches The Armenian Apostolic Church (Հայաստանեայց Առաքելական Եկեղեցի Hayasdaneaytz Arakelagan From 301 to 428 the Episcopal office was hereditary. Events By Place Europe Geiseric becomes King of the Vandals and Alans.
The switch from the traditional pagan Armenian religion to Christianity was not an easy one. Tiridates III often used force to impose this new faith upon the people and many battles ensued, because polytheism was deeply rooted in the Armenian people. An actual battle between the king's forces and the polytheists took place, which resulted in their subjugation. Tiridates thus spent the rest of his life trying to eliminate all old beliefs and in doing so destroyed countless statues, temples and texts. As a result, little is known of ancient Armenian history and culture. He worked feverously to spread the faith and died in 330 AD. Events By Place Roman Empire May 11 — Constantine I refounds Byzantium, renames it New Rome
|NAME||Tiridates III of Armenia|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Tiridates III; Trdat III|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||King of Armenia|
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