Tiberius Sempronius Tib. f. Tib. n. Gracchus (d. 212 BC) was a Roman Republican consul in the Second Punic War. Events By place Greece After being stopped twice by the Romans in his attempts to invade Illyria by sea and constrained by the Consul (abbrev cos; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire The Second Punic War (referred to as "The War Against Hannibal" by the Romans lasted from 218 to 201 BC and involved combatants in the western He was son of Tiberius Sempronius Tib. f. Gracchus who was apparently the first man from his branch to become consul. Tiberius Sempronius Tibf Gracchus (fl 237 BC d by 215 BC a Roman Republican consul in the year 238 BC was the first man from his branch (stirps of
Gracchus is first mentioned in 216 BC as curule aedile in which capacity he was inducted as Master of the Horse to the newly elected Dictator Marcus Junius Pera after the defeat at Cannae. Aedile ( Aedilis, from aedes aedis "temple" "building" was an office of the Roman Republic. The Master of the Horse was (and in some cases is a historical position of varying importance in several European nations Marcus Junius Pera was a Roman politician during the Second Punic War. For the 11th century battle in the Byzantine conquest of the Mezzogiorno, see Battle of Cannae (1018.
He was elected consul in 216 BC, at the recommendation of the Dictator, whose orders he had faithfully obeyed even when obliged to abandon Italian allies to their fate. His colleague-elect Lucius Postumius A. f. Albinus being killed in an ambush in Gaul on his way home, Marcus Claudius Marcellus was elected consul in his stead, to the protests of patricians who claimed that two plebeians could not serve as consuls. Marcus Claudius Marcellus (ca 268 BC-208 BC was a Roman general one of the commanders of the Roman Army during the Second Punic War and the conqueror of Syracuse Marcellus thereupon resigned and Quintus Fabius Maximus was elected consul to serve out the year. Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus (ca 280 BC-203 BC called Cunctator ( the Delayer) was a Roman politician and General born in Rome around 280 BC and In that year, Fabius Maximus and the Senate decided to induct volunteer slaves into the Roman armies and to have them serve in separate legions to win their freedom. Gracchus was appointed commander of the slave troops, and he rapidly became known as an effective general of volunteer slave troops, winning their loyalty and trust for his clemency when some broke and ran from the field. [Livy]. He was appointed proconsul in 214 BC, continuing to lead his slave and freedmen troops in central and southern Italy with mixed successes against Hannibal.
In 213 BC he was re-elected consul. Events By place Seleucid Empire In alliance with Attalus I of Pergamum, Antiochus III finally captures the rebel king He was removing his troops from their winter camp on the orders of the newly elected consuls (of 212 BC) when he and a small group of men were ambushed and killed, allegedly when they were caught bathing. Events By place Greece After being stopped twice by the Romans in his attempts to invade Illyria by sea and constrained by the According to Livy, Hannibal gave the dead general full funeral rites and had his ashes returned to Rome.
His wife is unknown, but he had at least one son. Sempronius Gracchus's son Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus became a priest in 203 BC and died, while augur, in the plague in 174 BC. The Augur was a priest and official in the classical world especially Ancient Rome and Etruria. Lucius Manlius Acidinus Sempronianus, who replaced the dead augur, may have been another son of this consul who had been adopted out into the patrician Manlii. The Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus who was exiled by Augustus for his affair with his daughter Julia may have been a descendant. Augustus ( Latin: IMPERATOR·CAESAR·DIVI·FILIVS·AVGVSTVS September 23 63 BC – August 19 AD 14) born Gaius Octavius Thurinus, was Julia the Elder (October 39 BC - 14 known to her contemporaries as Julia Caesaris filia or Julia Augusti filia ( Classical Latin: IVLIA•CAESARIS•FILIA
His brother Publius Sempronius Gracchus was the father of Tiberius Sempronius P.f. Tib.n. Gracchus whose sons Tiberius Gracchus and Gaius Gracchus were the famous reformers. Tiberius Gracchus major ( maior, Latin for the elder - to distinguish him from his eldest son the famous tribune Latin: TI·SEMPRONIVS·P·F·TI·N·GRACCVS Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus ( Latin: TI·SEMPRONIVS·TI·F·P·N·GRACCVS (168 BC-133 BC was a Roman politician of the 2nd century BC and brother Gaius Sempronius Gracchus ( Latin: C·SEMPRONIVS·TI·F·P·N·GRACCVS (154 BC-121 BC was a Roman politician of the 2nd century BC
Livy, Histories of Rome. Titus Livius (traditionally 59 BC &ndash AD 17 known as Livy in English, was a Roman historian who wrote a monumental history of Rome