|Type||Public (NASDAQ: TiVo)|
|Headquarters||Alviso, California, USA|
|Key people||Thomas Rogers, President and CEO|
|Industry||Digital video recorders|
|Revenue||▲$272. A public company usually refers to a company that is permitted to offer its registered securities ( Stock, bonds, etc The NASDAQ (acronym of National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations) is an American Stock exchange. Alviso is a small community in San Jose, Santa Clara County California. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" A digital video recorder ( DVR) or personal video recorder ( PVR) is a device that records video in a digital format to a Disk drive or other In business revenue or revenues is Income that a company receives from its normal business activities usually from the sale of goods and services 6 Million United States dollars (year ended January 31, 2008)|
|Net income||▼-$31. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Net income is equal to the Income that a firm has after subtracting costs and Expenses from the total Revenue. 5 Million United States dollars (year ended January 31, 2008)|
TiVo (pronounced tee-voh, IPA: /ˈtiːvoʊ/) is a brand of digital video recorder (DVR) in the United States, Canada, and soon, Australia. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages A digital video recorder ( DVR) or personal video recorder ( PVR) is a device that records video in a digital format to a Disk drive or other The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. It is a consumer video device that captures television programming to hard disk storage for later viewing ("time shifting"). A hard disk drive ( HDD) commonly referred to as a hard drive, hard disk, or fixed disk drive, is a Non-volatile storage device Timeshifting redirects here For the video game see TimeShift. The device also provides an electronic television programming schedule, and provides recording options based on that schedule.
TiVo Inc. (NASDAQ: TiVo) was incorporated on August 4, 1997 as "Teleworld, Inc. The NASDAQ (acronym of National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations) is an American Stock exchange. Events 70 - The Destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans. Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar " by Jim Barton and Mike Ramsay, veterans of Silicon Graphics and Time Warner's Full Service Network digital video system. Jim Barton was an American college and professional football player Silicon Graphics Inc (commonly initialised to SGI, historically sometimes referred to as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) is a company Time Warner Inc ( is the world's largest media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered in New York City. Founded in 1989 by University of Pittsburgh student David E Schwencke Full Service Network is a Western Pennsylvania facility based Competitive Local Exchange Carrier Originally intending to create a home network device, they later developed the idea to record digitized video on a hard disk.
Teleworld began the first public trials of the TiVo device and service in late 1998 in the San Francisco Bay area.  After exhibiting at the Consumer Electronics Show in January 1999, Mike Ramsay announced to the company that the first version of the TiVo digital video recorder would ship on March 31, 1999, despite an estimated four to five months of work remaining to complete the device. The International Consumer Electronics Show (CES is a Trade show held each January in Las Vegas, Nevada, and is sponsored Events 307 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Because March 31, 1999 was a blue moon, the engineering staff code named this first version of the TiVo DVR "Blue Moon". This article is about the astronomical phenomenon For other uses see Blue Moon (disambiguation. 
Teleworld, Inc. renamed themselves to TiVo Inc. on July 21, 1999. Events 356 BC - Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) TiVo Inc. made its IPO (Initial Public Offering) on September 30, 1999. Initial public offering (IPO, also referred to simply as a "public offering" is when a company issues Common stock or shares to the public for the first Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar)  Its first profitable quarter was the second quarter of 2005. 
The original TiVo device digitized and compressed analog video from any source (antenna, cable or direct broadcast satellite). In late 2000, Philips Electronics introduced the DSR6000, the first DirecTV receiver with an integrated TiVo DVR. DirecTV (trademarked as "DIREC' TV' " is a Direct broadcast satellite (DBS service based in El Segundo California, USA, that was founded This new device, nicknamed the "DirecTiVo," stored digital signals sent from DirecTV directly onto a hard disk.
In early 2000, TiVo partnered with electronics manufacturer Thomson Multimedia and broadcaster British Sky Broadcasting to deliver the TiVo service in the UK market.  This partnership resulted in the Thomson PVR10UK, a stand-alone receiver released in October 2000 that was based on the original reference design used in the United States by both Philips and Sony. TiVo ended UK sales in January 2003, though they continue to supply guide data to existing subscribed units. 
A TiVo device serves a function similar to a videocassette recorder, in that both allow a television viewer to record programming for viewing at a later time. PLEASE BEAR IN MIND THAT THIS IS A GENERAL ARTICLE ABOUT VCRs/VIDEOCASSETTE RECORDERS Unlike a VCR, which uses removable magnetic tape cartridges, a TiVo device stores television programs onto non-removable hard disk storage.
A feature that distinguishes TiVo devices from similar digital video recorders is the sophisticated software written by TiVo Inc. that automatically records programs — not only those the user specifically requests, but also other material the user is likely to be interested in. The TiVo device also implements a patented feature TiVo calls "trick play," which allows the viewer to pause live television, and rewind and replay up to a half hour of recently viewed television. Finally, more recent TiVo devices can be connected to a computer local area network, which allows the TiVo device to download information and even video programs and movies from the Internet. The Internet is a global system of interconnected Computer networks
TiVo gets program information for the next two weeks, program description, regular and guest actors, directors, genres, whether programs are new or repeats, and whether broadcast is in HD. Information is updated daily from Tribune Media Services. Tribune Media Services ("TMS" is a syndication company owned by the Tribune Company.
Users can select individual programs to record, or a "season pass" which records an entire season (or more). There are options to record First Run Only, First Run & Repeats, or All Episodes. An episode is considered "First Run" if aired in two weeks of the original air date.
When user requests for two programs conflict, the lower priority program in the Season Pass Manager is either not recorded or clipped where times overlap. The lower priority program will be recorded if it is aired later. TiVo systems with two tuners record the top two priority programs.
TiVo pioneered recording programs based on household viewing habits, this is called TiVo Suggestions. Users can rate programs from three "thumbs up" to three "thumbs down". TiVo user ratings are combined to create a recommendation, based on what TiVo users with similar viewing habits watch. For example, if a user likes The Simpsons, Family Guy and Futurama, then another TiVo user who watched just the The Simpsons might get a recommendation for the other two shows. Family Guy is an animated American television sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane that airs on Fox and regularly on other Futurama is an Emmy Award -winning animated American sitcom created by Matt Groening, and developed by Groening and
A limited amount of space is available to store programs. When the space is full, the oldest programs are deleted to make space for the newer. (Programs which users flag to not be deleted are kept. )
When not recording what a user specifically asks for, the current channel is recorded for up to 30 minutes. (Dual tuner models keep two channels. ) This allows users to rewind or pause anything that has been shown in the last thirty minutes: useful when viewing is interrupted. Shows that are already in progress can be entirely recorded if less than 30 minutes have been shown.
Unlike VCRs, TiVo can record and play at the same time. A program can be watched, even if it's in the middle of being recorded, which is something that VCRs cannot practically do. Some users take advantage of this by waiting 10-15 minutes after a program starts (or is replayed from a recording), so that they can fast forward through commercials. A television advertisement or television commercial (often just commercial or advert (US or ad (UK is a span of television programming produced In this way, by the end of the recording viewers are still caught up with live TV.
Unlike most DVRs, the TiVo Series2 is easily connected to home networks, allowing scheduling recordings on TiVo's website (via TiVo Central Online), transferring recordings between TiVo units (Multi-Room Viewing (MRV)) or to/from a home computer (TiVoToGo), playing music and viewing photos over the network, and accessing third-party applications written for TiVo's Home Media Engine (HME) API. A home network is a residential Local area network, and is used to connect multiple devices within the home A home computer was a class of Personal computer entering the market in 1977 and becoming common during the 1980s TiVo is adding 3rd party content. TiVo users can access Yahoo Photos, Weather, Traffic, Fandango movie listings (including ticket purchases), and Live365 music. The weather is a set of all the phenomena occurring in a given Atmosphere at a given Time. Traffic on Roads may consist of Pedestrians ridden or herded Animals Vehicles Streetcars and other Conveyances either singly Fandango is a Corporation in the United States that sells Movie tickets over the Telephone and Internet, enabling customers Live365 is an Internet radio network where members can create their own online radio station or listen to other Live365 broadcasters' online stations
On June 7, 2006, TiVo announced TiVoCast, a broadband download service which initially offered content from the NBA, WNBA, The New York Times, Heavy.com, iVillage, CNet, Danger Rangers, H2O: HipHop on Demand, Union on Demand, Rocketboom, and Here! TiVo announced an agreement with Brightcove for more broadband content. Heavycom is a Broadband entertainment Website founded in 1999 in New York City. iVillage Inc is a media company that owns various girl and woman-oriented online and offline content channels including iVillage CNET Networks Inc is a media company based in San Francisco California, United States, and is part of CBS Interactive, owned Water ( H2[[oxygen O]] H OH) is the most abundant Molecule on Earth 's surface composing of about 70% of the Earth's surface as Rocketboom is a daily Vlog produced by Andrew Baron It was launched on October 26 2004 and was hosted by Amanda Congdon. here! is an American premium Television network targeting the LGBT audiences Brightcove is a Cambridge MA based online video publishing company
TiVo is expanding media convergence. In January 2005, TiVoToGo, a feature allowing transfer of recorded shows from TiVo boxes to PCs, was added. TiVo partnered with Sonic in the release of MyDVD 6. 1, software for editing and converting TiVoToGo files. In January, 2007, TiVoToGo was extended to the Macintosh with Toast Titanium 8, Roxio software for assembly and burning digital media on CD and DVD media. Macintosh, commonly nicknamed Mac is a Brand name which covers several lines of Personal computers designed developed and marketed by Apple Inc Other means of manipulating files are described at the TiVoToGo Unleashed tutorial. In August 2005, TiVo rolled out "TiVo Desktop" allowing moving MPEG2 video files from PCs to TiVo for playback by DVR.
The information that a TiVo device downloads regarding TV schedules as well as software updates and any other relevant information is available through a monthly subscription.
Once a unit's commitment expires, it will continue to be billed at the current monthly rate. If the rate later goes down, TiVo will continue to charge the maximum monthly rate.
The TiVo service is only available to the United States, United Kingdom, Canada (except Québec), Mexico, and Taiwan at present. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Taiwan ( Taiwanese: Tâi-oân/Tāi-oân (historically 大灣/台員/大員/台圓/大圓/台窩灣 is an Island in East Asia. On November 26th 2007, TiVo announced that TiVo would be available at Canadian retail outlets in early December. Events 43 BC - The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus ("Octavian" later "Caesar Augustus" Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. TiVo DVRs have also been modified by end users to work in Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, and South Africa. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa
TiVo service was launched in the United Kingdom in the autumn of 2000. It sold only 35,000 units over the next 18 months. Thomson, makers of the only UK TiVo box, adandoned it in early 2002 after BSkyB launched its Sky+ integrated 'set-top' decoder and DVR which dominated the market for DVRs in homes subscribing to BSkyB's paid-for satellite TV service. British Sky Broadcasting ( BSkyB — Sky Television and BSB) is a company that operates Sky Digital, a subscription television service in the Sky+, or Sky Plus, is a Personal video recorder (PVR service for Sky Digital, and is very similar in principle to the TiVo service (which Many manufacturers, including Thomson have launched integrated decoder boxes/DVRs in the UK for other digital platforms, including free satellite, terrestrial, cable and IPTV. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Freesat is a British Free-to-air digital Satellite television service developed by the BBC Freeview is an operator of free Digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard Virgin Media Inc (formerly known as ntlTelewest, after a merger of NTL Incorporated with Telewest Global Inc Tiscali TV may refer to Tiscali TV (Italy, IPTV service in Italy Tiscali TV (UK, IPTV service in the United Kingdom
The TiVo unit was designed by TiVo Inc. TiVo corporation designed a number of Digital video recorders which have been produced and sold by a number of other companies , which currently provides the hardware design and Linux-based TiVo software, and operates a subscription service (without which most models of TiVo will not operate). Linux (commonly pronounced ˈlɪnəks TiVo units have been manufactured by various OEMs, including Philips, Sony, Hughes, Pioneer, Toshiba, and Humax, which license the software from TiVo Inc. An original equipment manufacturer, or OEM is typically a company that uses a component made by a second company in its own product or sells the product of the second company Koninklijke Philips Electronics NV ( Royal Philips Electronics Inc. is a multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Minato Tokyo, Japan, and one of the world's largest Media conglomerates with Hughes Aircraft Company was a major aerospace and defense company founded by Howard Hughes. ( is a Multinational Corporation that specializes in digital entertainment products based in Tokyo, Japan. ( is a multinational conglomerate manufacturing company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. Humax is an Electronics company Founded in South Korea in 1989 it manufactures set-top boxes, Digital video recorders, Televisions To date, there have been three "series" of TiVo units produced.
TiVo systems are based on PowerPC (Series1) or MIPS (Series2) processors connected to MPEG-2 encoder/decoder chips and high-capacity IDE/ATA hard drives. PowerPC is a RISC Instruction set architecture created by the 1991 Apple – IBM – Motorola alliance known as AIM MIPS (originally an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a RISC microprocessor architecture developed by MIPS Technologies MPEG-2 is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information" AT Attachment with Packet Interface ( ATA/ATAPI) is a standard interface used to connect storage devices such as Hard disks Solid-state Series1 TiVo units used one or two drives of 13–60 GB; current Series2 units have drives of 40–250 GB in size. Although not supported by TiVo or equipment manufacturers, larger drives can be added.
Some recent models manufactured by Toshiba, Pioneer, and Humax, under license from TiVo, contain DVD-R/RW drives. DVD-R is a DVD recordable format A DVD-R typically has a storage capacity of 4 A DVD-RW disc is a rewritable Optical disc with equal storage capacity to a DVD-R, typically 4 The models can transfer recordings from the built-in hard drive to DVD Video compliant disc, playable in most modern DVD systems.
All standalone TiVo systems have coax/RF-in and an internal cable-ready tuner, as well as analog video input—composite/RCA and S-Video—for use with an external cable box or satellite receiver. Coaxial cable is a cable consisting of an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer typically made from a flexible material with a high Dielectric constant, all The TiVo unit can use a serial cable or IR blasters to control the external receiver. They have coax/RF, composite/RCA, and S-Video output, and the DVD systems also have component out. Audio is RCA stereo, and the DVD systems also have digital optical out.
Until 2006, standalone TiVo systems could only record one channel at a time, though a dual-tuner Series2DT (S2DT) box was introduced in April 2006. The S2DT has two internal cable-ready tuners and it supports a single external cable box or satellite receiver. The S2DT is therefore capable of recording two analog cable channels, one analog and one digital cable channel, or one analog cable and one satellite channel at a time, with the correct programming sources. Note, however, that the S2DT, unlike earlier units, cannot record from antenna. This is due to an FCC mandate that all devices sold after March 2007 with an NTSC tuner must also contain an ATSC tuner. NTSC ( National Television System Committee) is the Analog television system used in the United States, Canada, Japan, Mexico An ATSC tuner, often called an ATSC receiver or HDTV tuner, allows reception of ATSC Digital television (DTV signals broadcast TiVo therefore had to choose between adding ATSC support, or removing NTSC support. With the S2DT they opted to remove NTSC, the Series3 supports NTSC and ATSC, along with digital cable channels (with CableCards).
The Series2 systems also have USB ports, currently used only to support network (wired Ethernet and WiFi) adapters. Ethernet is a family of frame -based Computer networking technologies for Local area networks (LANs Wi-Fi (ˈwaɪfaɪ is the trade name for the popular wireless technology used  The early Series2 units, models starting with 110/130/140, have USB1. 1 hardware, while all other systems have USB2. 0. There have been four major generations of Series2 units. The TiVo-branded 1xx and 2xx generations were solid grey-black. The main difference was the upgrade from USB1. 1 to USB2. 0. The 5xx generation was a new design. The chassis is silver with a white oval in the faceplate. The white oval is backlit, leading to these units being called 'Nightlight' boxes. The 5xx generation was designed to reduce costs, and unfortunately this also caused a noticeable drop in performance in the system menus as well as a large performance drop in network transfers. The 5xx generation also introduced changes in the boot PROM that make them unhackable without serious soldering. In Computing, booting ( booting up) is a bootstrapping process that starts Operating systems when the user turns on a Computer system A programmable read-only memory ( PROM) or field programmable read-only memory ( FPROM) is a form of digital memory where the setting of each bit is The 6xx generation resembles the previous 5xx model, except that it has a black oval. The 6xx is a new design and the only model available today is the S2DT with dual-tuners and a built-in 10/100baseT Ethernet port as well. The 6xx is the best performing Series2 to date, outperforming even the old leader, the 2xx, and far better than the lowest performing 5xx.
Some TiVo systems are integrated with DirecTV receivers. DirecTV (trademarked as "DIREC' TV' " is a Direct broadcast satellite (DBS service based in El Segundo California, USA, that was founded These "DirecTiVo" recorders record the incoming satellite MPEG-2 digital stream directly to hard disk without conversion. This article is about artificial satellites For natural satellites also known as moons see Natural satellite. Because of this and the fact that they have two tuners, DirecTiVos are able to record two programs at once. In addition, the lack of digital conversion allows recorded video to be of the same quality as live video. DirecTiVos have no MPEG encoder chip, and can only record DirecTV streams. However, DirecTV has disabled the networking capabilities on their systems, meaning DirecTiVo does not offer such features as multi-room viewing or TiVoToGo. Only the standalone systems can be networked without additional unsupported hacking. Hack has several meanings in the technology and computer science fields
DirecTiVo units (HR10-250) can record HDTV to a 250 GB hard drive, both from the DirecTV stream and over-the-air via a standard UHF- or VHF-capable antenna. Terrestrial television is a term which refers to modes of television broadcasting which do not involve satellite transmission Very high frequency (VHF is the Radio frequency range from 30 MHz to 300 MHz. They have two virtual tuners (each consisting of a DirecTV tuner paired with an ATSC over-the-air tuner) and, like the original DirecTiVo, can record two programs at once; further, the program guide is integrated between over-the-air and DirecTV so that all programs can be recorded and viewed in the same manner.
In 2005 DirecTV stopped marketing recorders powered by TiVo and focused on its own DVR line developed by its business units. DirecTV continues to support the existing base of DirecTV recorders powered by TiVo.
On July 8, 2006, DirecTV announced an upgrade to version 6. Events 939 - The Major Occultation or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi 1099 - First Crusade: 15000 Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. 3 on all remaining HR10-250 DirecTiVo receivers, the first major upgrade since this unit was released.  This upgrade includes features such as program grouping (folders), a much faster on-screen guide, and new sorting features.
Other than the recently discontinued Hughes Electronics DirecTV DVR w/ TiVo model HR10-250, the only currently available HDTV capable TiVo units are the Series 3 models, which will record high definition TV. Hughes Aircraft Company was a major aerospace and defense company founded by Howard Hughes. DirecTV (trademarked as "DIREC' TV' " is a Direct broadcast satellite (DBS service based in El Segundo California, USA, that was founded High-definition television (HDTV is a Digital television Broadcasting system with higher resolution than traditional television systems (standard-definition Other TiVo models will only record analog standard definition TV. The Series 3 and "TiVo HD" model are capable of recording HDTV both from antenna (over the air) and cable (unencrypted QAM tuner or encrypted with a CableCard) in addition to normal standard definition TV from the same sources. CableCARD is a plug-in card approximately the size of a credit card that allows consumers in the United States to view and record Digital cable television channels on Digital Unlike the HR10-250, the new Series 3 units can not record from the DirecTV service (conversely the HR10-250 can not record from digital cable). DirecTV (trademarked as "DIREC' TV' " is a Direct broadcast satellite (DBS service based in El Segundo California, USA, that was founded Digital cable is a type of Cable television distribution using Digital Video compression. Other TiVo models may be connected to a high definition TV, but are not capable of recording HDTV signals (although they may be connected to a cable HDTV set-top box and record the down-converted outputs). A set-top box (STB or set-top unit (STU is a device that connects to a Television and an external source of signal, turning the signal into
In September 2007, DirecTV will begin broadcasting new high-definition channels, in MPEG4 format. Since all existing DirecTV TiVo receivers can only record in MPEG2, they will not be able to receive the new channels. DirecTV has no work around for this, other than requiring their customers to purchase a new DirecTV non-TiVo DVR. When the new channels come online, the old HD TiVo models will only get the current HD channels.
In 2008, some cable companies started to roll out Switched Digital Video (SDV) technology, which is currently incompatible with the Series 3 and TiVo HD units. Switched Video, also called Switched Digital Video or SDV is a Telecommunications industry term for a network scheme for distributing Digital Efforts are progressing to create a supplemental set-top box with USB connection to the TiVo to enable SDV. Such units may appear sometime in mid or late 2008.
The Green Screen of Death (GSoD), is an error message produced by TiVo machines. In many Computer Operating systems a special type of error message will display onscreen when the system has experienced a Fatal error. An error message is a message displayed when an unexpected condition occurs usually on a Computer or other device It is sometimes called the Green Screen of Intensive Care. The message is displayed while the TiVo attempts to repair the data contents of its hard drive. A hard disk drive ( HDD) commonly referred to as a hard drive, hard disk, or fixed disk drive, is a Non-volatile storage device The GSoD is sometimes intentionally invoked as a troubleshooting measure to fix problems that a restart will not.
The GSoD text reads as follows:
Many people and groups have organized to hack the TiVo box, some to improve the service and others to provide service in countries where the TiVo is not currently being sold. In Computing, hacker has several meanings A community of enthusiast Computer programmers and Systems designers originated in the 1960s TiVo Inc. has generally remained on good terms with these projects, although it has lately tried to clamp down on many of the "back doors" in the software, citing threats to their corporate interests.
Many users have installed additional hard drives or larger hard drives in their TiVo boxes to increase their recording capacity. A hard disk drive ( HDD) commonly referred to as a hard drive, hard disk, or fixed disk drive, is a Non-volatile storage device Others have designed and built Ethernet cards, a web interface (TivoWeb), and figured out how to extract, insert and transfer video among their TiVo boxes. A Network card, Network Adapter, LAN Adapter or NIC (network interface card is a piece of Computer hardware designed to allow computers The user interface (or Human Computer Interface) is the aggregate of means by which people&mdash the users '&mdash interact with the System TivoWeb is a web server which runs in TiVo branded DVRs. It adds functionality to TiVo such as being able to set recordings over the internet and undelete deleted shows
TiVo enthusiast groups located in countries where the TiVo is not sold have been able to reverse engineer the television subscription service schedule files needed by the TiVo and the protocol used during the transmission of those files to the TiVo. This allows the TiVo to be supplied with television scheduling data not available by subscription from the U. S. In some countries, these groups operate a simulated TiVo central server to make and distribute the necessary files for programs broadcast within their country. In other countries, each individual TiVo owner operates a simulated server and makes his own files using software that obtains free television scheduling data from the Internet. The ability to supply television scheduling data to the TiVo without paying a subscription fee threatens TiVo Inc. 's subscription-based business model in the U. S. , therefore, these groups usually have strict controls over who can access the necessary software or join their group.
Improved encryption found in more recent versions of the TiVo hardware and software has made it more difficult to create the necessary files or to simulate interaction with the TiVo server.
Despite its innovative functionalities and ease of use, TiVo has had difficulty penetrating consumer markets to the extent that it has pulled out of some markets altogether (e. g. the United Kingdom). The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located However, TiVo technology rolled out slightly faster than DVD players did. TiVo is well known for its users' loyalty compared to generic DVRs from cable box manufacturers or Echostar. Nevertheless, TiVo has only a 30-40% market share in the USA of a total DVR market of roughly 10-12 million systems. Since it may take a few weeks of use to fully understand the magnitude of the change TiVo brings to television viewing, consumers may not be comfortable with such technology and opt to continue using their VCRs for recording. Another factor is the cost of the monthly or lifetime subscription fees. TiVo's market share has dropped as cable television operators have offered free or low-cost DVRs.
While its former main competitor, ReplayTV, had adopted a commercial-skip feature, TiVo decided to avoid automatic implementation of that feature, fearing such a move might provoke backlash from the television industry. ReplayTV is a brand of Digital video recorder (DVR a term synonymous with personal video recorder (PVR ReplayTV was sued over this feature, as well as the ability to share shows over the Internet, and these lawsuits contributed to the bankruptcy of SONICblue, their owner at the time. S3 Graphics Ltd is a company specializing in graphics chipsets Their new owner, DNNA, dropped both features in the final ReplayTV model, the 5500. However, the automatic commercial-skip feature was simply replaced with Show|Nav, which requires only the push of the arrow buttons to jump between segments. ReplayTV now has a negligible market share, as they no longer manufacture DVR hardware.
Other distributors competing DVR sets include Comcast and Verizon, although both distribute third-party hardware with this functionality built-in. Comcast Corporation ( is the largest Cable television company the second largest Internet service provider and (according to the company the fourth largest telephone "Verizon" redirects here this article is about the corporation see also Verizon Wireless, Verizon Online DSL and Verizon FiOS. Verizon uses boxes fitted for FiOS, allowing high-speed internet access and other features. Verizon FiOS, sometimes simply FiOS which stands for " Fi ber O ptic S ervice", is an Internet telephone and TV service that is presently
TiVo and cable television giant Comcast reached a nonexclusive distribution deal in March 2005, easing some investor concerns over TiVo's future. Comcast Corporation ( is the largest Cable television company the second largest Internet service provider and (according to the company the fourth largest telephone The companies announced that they would make TiVo's service available over Comcast's cable network, with the first co-developed products available by the end of 2006, using the TiVo brand. TiVo is porting their software to the Motorola 6412 cable DVR as part of this deal (the software can also be used on the related 6416, 3412 and 3416 models). The Motorola DCT6412 is a dual Tuner HDTV DVR deployed by the following companies Access Communications Adelphia The software will first be available in August 2007, starting in the New England area. History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the On June 29, 2007, Comcast accepted the TiVo software for deployment. . Currently this deployment is limited and considered buggy. 
In January 2005, TiVo announced a long-term strategy that includes support for HDTV recording, integrated tuning using CableCARD technology, the ability to download and view content from the Internet, and a program allowing third parties to develop applications for the platform. High-definition television (HDTV is a Digital television Broadcasting system with higher resolution than traditional television systems (standard-definition CableCARD is a plug-in card approximately the size of a credit card that allows consumers in the United States to view and record Digital cable television channels on Digital
In January 2006, at the Consumer Electronics Show, the TiVo Series3 was introduced. The International Consumer Electronics Show (CES is a Trade show held each January in Las Vegas, Nevada, and is sponsored  This revision represented an evolutionary step in the TiVo service, adding the capability to record high definition television and digital cable content utilizing CableCARD technology. High-definition television (HDTV is a Digital television Broadcasting system with higher resolution than traditional television systems (standard-definition Digital cable is a type of Cable television distribution using Digital Video compression. The Series3 includes two discrete video tuners. Each tuner is capable of tuning QAM (digital cable), analog cable, over-the-air (OTA) ATSC (digital), and OTA NTSC (analog). Terrestrial television is a term which refers to modes of television broadcasting which do not involve satellite transmission NTSC ( National Television System Committee) is the Analog television system used in the United States, Canada, Japan, Mexico Encrypted digital cable channels will be decrypted via CableCARD. The Series3 will work only with cable and antenna input, it will not support satellite television. Unlike earlier standalone models, the Series3 has no A/V inputs aside from one cable coax and one antenna coax. All content is recorded via the internal tuners.
The Series3 model also includes a 10/100 Ethernet connection port and an external SATA port which supports first- and third-party storage upgrades—a first for TiVo. As an HDTV recorder, the Series3 also has an HDMI output in addition to composite, S-Video, and component video. The High-Definition Multimedia Interface ( HDMI) is a compact audio/video connector interface for transmitting uncompressed digital streams TiVo announced the release of the Series3 on September 12, 2006. Events 1213 - Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
On 05/29/2007 TiVo Inc. and Channel Seven Australia announced in a press release named, Seven and TiVo Inc Sign Strategic Partnership to Distribute TiVo Products and Services in Australia and New Zealand, that:
Seven Media Group, one of Australia's leading integrated media companies, and TiVo Inc. (Nasdaq: TIVO), the creator of and a leader in digital video recorders, today announced that Seven will be bringing TiVo to Australia in 2008.
TiVo is set to become "key platform in Australia's development of digital television and interactive communications. ". 
The price of the TiVo box for Australia and New Zealand has not been announced yet.
In the U. S. an appellate court decision is expected soon on a suit by TiVo against DISH Networks alleging software patent infringement. The ruling could have a major impact on TiVo's future revenues. 
Some users are concerned about TiVo's ability to collect detailed usage data from units via the telephone line. Like most DVRs, as units are downloading schedule data, they transmit household viewing habits to TiVo corporation. Collected information includes a log of everything watched (time and channel) and remote keypresses such as fast forwarding through or replaying content.  Some users were uneasy when TiVo released data on how many users rewatched the exposure of Janet Jackson's breast during the 2004 Super Bowl. Super Bowl XXXVIII, which was broadcast live on February 1, 2004 from Houston Texas on the CBS television network in the Super Bowl XXXVIII was an American football game played on February 1, 2004 at Reliant Stadium in Houston Texas to decide the  TiVo records usage data for their own research and they also sell it to other corporations such as advertisers.  Nielsen and TiVo have also collaborated to track viewing habits. Nielsen Ratings are audience measurement systems developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the Audience size and composition of television
TiVo claims that all usage data is currently aggregated by ZIP code and that they don't track individual viewing habits. In the United States, users can request that TiVo block the collection of Anonymous Viewing Information and Diagnostic Information from their TiVo DVR by calling 1-877-367-8486.
TiVo Inc. has always provided updates of the software that runs TiVo units, usually downloaded along with programming data. These updates have been seen as improvements, offering additional functionality and fixing bugs. Sometimes updates have introduced new bugs or removed features available in the previous versions, which has resulted in criticism from affected TiVo users. TiVo is unable (or unwilling) to roll back software versions.
A small percentage of early TiVo units were marketed without being clearly labeled that a subscription was required for full functionality, and some non-subscribing customers were unhappy when they were unable to use new and improved features that subscribers received. It is believed that early dissatisfied, non-subscribing customers received some form of settlement, probably a money-back offer on the hardware, and TiVo now clearly labels its products with a notation that a subscription is required for full functionality.
Some TiVo hardware can still be used as a normal digital recorder, recording by date, time, and channel, without a subscription: specifically, any Series1 which shipped with software revision 1. 3 or earlier, as well as Toshiba and Pioneer standalone units, which include TiVo Basic. Nearly all Series1 units originally shipped with 1. 3 or an earlier release, however, late in the life of the Series1 some units did ship with 2. 0 and those units require a subscription. All other standalone TiVo systems require a subscription to function. All DirecTiVo units require an active DirecTV subscription to record new content. "DirecTiVo" is an informal term for the implemented combination of DirecTV Satellite television programming service and the TiVo Digital
In March 2005, TiVo began testing "pop-up" advertisements to select beta testers, to explore it as an alternative source of revenue. Many of these "beta testers" were simply subscribers who did not know that TiVo had selected them to test software changes and did not sign up for the beta program. The concept is that, as users fast-forward through certain commercials of TiVo advertisers, they will also see a static image ad more suitable and effective than the broken video stream. Pop-up ads or popups are a form of online advertising on the World Wide Web intended to attract Web traffic or capture email addresses
At its announcement, the concept of extra advertisements drew heavy criticism from TiVo's lifetime subscribers. Some were upset that they had already paid for a service based upon their previous ad-free experience, while others argued that they had purchased the service for the specific purpose of dodging advertisements.
Early testers complained that the pop-up detector was glitchy, and would sometimes pop up during unrelated commercials, or even during regular TV programming. They also state that the ads are aesthetically unpleasant, and take up a quarter of the screen, obscuring enough of the image to make fast-forward scanning nearly impossible. TiVo says that they are looking into these issues and will fix all of these problems before the advertising functions are rolled out to the public. It is unclear if these advertisements will be rolled out to TiVo enabled boxes with DirecTV and Comcast or just to their own standalone boxes.
In September 2005, a TiVo software upgrade added the ability for broadcasters to "flag" programs to be deleted after a certain date. Some customers had recordings deleted, or could not use their flagged recordings (transfer to a computer or burn to DVD), as they could with unflagged material. TiVo has stated this was a bug in the software.  In 2004, TiVo entered into an agreement with Macrovision to make TiVo machines copyright-protection flag aware, ostensibly to make it compatible with future pay-per-view and video-on-demand content. Macrovision Corporation is a globally-operating US-based company that develops and markets licensing, Access control, and secure distribution technologies Copy Generation Management System - Analog ( CGMS-A) is a Copy protection mechanism for analog Television signals Pay-per-view (often abbreviated PPV) is the system in which Television viewers can purchase events to be seen on TV and pay for the private telecast of that event Video on demand ( VOD) or Audio video on demand ( AVOD) systems allow users to select and watch/listen
Also in September 2005, TiVo changed their customer agreement, instituting a one-year service contract for all new activations after September 6, 2005. Events 3114 BC - According to the Proleptic Julian calendar the current era in the Maya Long Count Calendar started Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Customers wishing to cancel the service early are subject to an early cancellation fee of up to $200.  TiVo has not commented officially on this change, but with their recent drive to attract new customers, as well as subsidizing new hardware through large mail-in rebates, the company could be looking for ways to discourage users from canceling. In Economics, a subsidy (also known as a subvention is a form of financial assistance paid to a business or economic sector A rebate is an amount paid by way of reduction return or refund on what has already been paid or contributed  Customers have also been discouraged by some of TiVo's Holiday rate increases.  Some customer complaints have been made involving TiVo's unwillingness to lower existing subscibers to advertised monthly rates.
TiVo has been a heavy user of mail-in rebates. A rebate is an amount paid by way of reduction return or refund on what has already been paid or contributed According to BusinessWeek, the company recognized $5,000,000 in additional revenue when nearly half of the 100,000 new subscribers to the service failed to successfully apply for a $100 rebate, known as the "shoebox effect" (which marketers typically refer to as slippage). BusinessWeek is a business Magazine published by McGraw-Hill. A rebate is an amount paid by way of reduction return or refund on what has already been paid or contributed While this rate of compliance is fairly typical in the rebate field, the company's heavy use of the promotional practice caused a large positive impact on its bottom line. 
One major concern of the media is the fact that advertisements in television programs can be bypassed by using TiVo. The media industry is highly dependent on sponsorship via advertisements and will lose revenue if viewers adopt TiVo-like systems in large numbers. Knowing this, some countries have taken protectionist measures especially when the media is already struggling due to poor viewing figures. For the protectionist Australian political party from the 1880s to 1909 see Protectionist Party The government of Singapore has banned TiVo, citing the potential adverse impact on the local media industry if TiVo usage were to increase. Singapore The government is, however, facing difficulty regulating the use of TiVo in Singapore as individuals are bringing in the sets from overseas.
In 2006, Free Software Foundation (FSF) decided to combat TiVo's technical system of blocking users from running modified software. The Free Software Foundation ( FSF) is a Non-profit corporation founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the Free software movement This behaviour, which FSF dubs "tivoization", was to be tackled by a change in the GNU General Public License (GPL) prohibiting this activity. Tivoization is the creation of a system that incorporates Software under the terms of a Copyleft Software license, but uses hardware to prevent users from  Most of the software included in the TiVo is distributed under the terms of the GPL, and the GPL's goal is to ensure that all recipients of GPL'd software are free to modify the software, to help themselves. This new license provision was acknowledged by TiVo in its April 2007 SEC filing: "we may be unable to incorporate future enhancements to the GNU/Linux operating system into our software, which could adversely affect our business". An SEC filing is a Financial statement or other formal document submitted to the U