|The Stone Roses|
The Stone Roses promo photo. From left: Mani, Ian Brown, John Squire and Reni.
|Years active||1984 – 1996|
|Associated acts||The Seahorses|
The Stone Roses were an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1984 and was one of the pioneering groups of the Manchester indie music scene that evolved during the late 1980s and early 1990s. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. The band's original lineup consisted of Ian Brown (vocals), John Squire (guitar), Andy Couzens (guitar), Pete Garner (bass) and Alan "Reni" Wren (drums). Ian George Brown (born 20 February 1963) is an English musician and former lead singer of the Alternative rock band The Stone Roses John Squire (born John Thomas Squire on 24 November, 1962) is an English Musician, Songwriter and Artist. The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles The electric bass guitar (also called electric bass, or simply bass; ˈbeɪs as in "base" is a Stringed instrument played primarily with the Alan John Wren (born on 10 April, 1964, in Manchester, England) better known as Reni, was the drummer of The Stone Roses A drum kit (also drum set or trap set) is a collection of Drums Cymbals and sometimes other Percussion instruments such as cowbells Couzens and Garner left in 1987. Couzens' position was left vacant and Garner was replaced by Gary "Mani" Mounfield in 1987, and this completed the band's most visible lineup. Gary "Mani" Mounfield (born 16 November 1962 in Failsworth, Lancashire) is an English rock Bassist Reni would depart in 1995 and was replaced by Robbie Maddix, and a year later Squire departed and was replaced by Aziz Ibrahim. Aziz Ibrahim is a British musician He was born in Longsight, Manchester to Pakistani parents
Their 1989 debut album The Stone Roses quickly achieved the status of a classic in the UK, and topped NME's list of the Greatest British Albums of All Time. The Stone Roses is the debut album by English Indie rock band The Stone Roses, released on. The New Musical Express (better known as the NME) is a Popular music Magazine in the United Kingdom which has been  The band decided to capitalise on their success by signing to a major label, but Silvertone would not let them out of their contract, which led to a long legal battle. The band signed with Geffen Records in 1991, but it wouldn't be until 1994 that they released another album, Second Coming. Geffen Records is an American Record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operated as one third of UMG's Interscope-Geffen-A&M label Second Coming is an album released on December 5, 1994 in the UK and early 1995 in the US by The Stone Roses. The album had a heavier sound to it, which was not well received by the press. After experiencing several lineup changes throughout the supporting tour, the band decided to disband after its completion and associated touring.
The Stone Roses emerged in Manchester during the early 1980s, when vocalist Ian Brown and guitarist John Squire recruited drummer, Reni (real name Alan Wren), bassist Pete Garner, and rhythm guitarist Andy Couzens to complete the original line-up. Ian George Brown (born 20 February 1963) is an English musician and former lead singer of the Alternative rock band The Stone Roses John Squire (born John Thomas Squire on 24 November, 1962) is an English Musician, Songwriter and Artist. Alan John Wren (born on 10 April, 1964, in Manchester, England) better known as Reni, was the drummer of The Stone Roses Brown and Squire were childhood friends who had attended Altrincham Grammar School for Boys. They played their first major gig in their home town, at Manchester University, on 2 October 1985. Events 1187 - Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar)
Publicity shots from around that time feature Squire in a bandanna and Brown wearing leather trousers.
In 1985 the Roses released their first single, the Martin Hannett-produced double A-side "So Young/Tell Me". Martin Hannett ( –) sometimes credited as Martin Zero, was a Record producer who helped develop Joy Division and co-founded Factory Records A-side and B-side originally referred to the two sides of 7 inch Vinyl records on which singles were released beginning in the 1950s At this point the band had a more Goth/Punk sound, more in line with Manchester bands of the late 70's/early 80's period such Joy Division or Magazine, although the Garage Flower album shows them developing towards the characteristic sound of their better known material. The goth subculture is a contemporary Subculture found in many countries Joy Division were an English rock band formed in 1976 in Salford, Greater Manchester. Magazines, periodicals or serials are Publications generally published on a regular schedule containing a variety of articles, generally
By the time of their next single, "Sally Cinnamon", the Roses' sound had changed considerably. Sally Cinnamon is a non-album single released by the band The Stone Roses in 1987. Released in 1987 on FM Revolver records, "Sally Cinnamon" contained chiming guitar hooks and a strong melody, and sounded more like The Byrds than the Sex Pistols. A hook is a Musical idea, often a short Riff, passage or phrase, that is used in popular music to make a Song appealing and to "catch the The Byrds were a popular American rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1964 Brown had developed a new, softer singing style and Squire and Reni were becoming more confident and streamlined.
In late 1986 Andy Couzens left the band due to differences with manager Gareth Evans, and less than a year later, bassist Pete Garner left the band, in August 1987. The Roses then brought in bassist Mani (Gary Mounfield). Gary "Mani" Mounfield (born 16 November 1962 in Failsworth, Lancashire) is an English rock Bassist With the definitive Roses line-up now complete, the band became much tighter as musicians, and developed a trademark visual style - baggy clothes and Jackson Pollock shirts, guitars and drums. Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28 1912 &ndash August 11 1956 was an influential American painter and a major force in the abstract expressionist movement A single, the psychedelic-tinged "Elephant Stone", followed, along with an album deal with Jive/Zomba offshoot Silvertone Records. " Elephant Stone " is the third single by The Stone Roses and their first release on Silvertone Records. Jive Records is a British record label based in New York City, owned by Sony Music Entertainment, and operates as a quarter of the Zomba Label Zomba Label Group was founded in Britain during 1977 by Clive Calder as a book-publishing venture and moved into the recording business in 1981 as Zomba Recording
In 1989, The Stone Roses released their debut album, produced by John Leckie. John Leckie is one of British music's most prolific record producers having worked on such high-profile albums as The Bends by Radiohead, Origin The Stone Roses opened with "I Wanna Be Adored" and closed with "I Am the Resurrection" (or in America "Fools Gold"). The Stone Roses is the debut album by English Indie rock band The Stone Roses, released on. " I Wanna Be Adored " was the third single from The Stone Roses. " I Am the Resurrection " is a Song by The Stone Roses and the final song on the UK version of their debut album. " Fools Gold/What the World Is Waiting For' " is a non-album double A-side by The Stone Roses. The album was well received by the music press and is now considered one of the finest British albums of all time. . Also in 1989 they made history by becoming the first to win four NME Awards in a year with band of the year, best new band, single of the year for Fool's Gold and album of the year for their self titled debut album
The singles "Made Of Stone" and "She Bangs The Drums" followed to moderate success. 4 is the year 4 AD 4 or four may also refer to 4 (number 4 BC, the year 4 BC Four The NME Awards are an annual music awards show founded by the music magazine NME (New Musical Express " Made of Stone " is a single from The Stone Roses ' eponymous debut album " She Bangs the Drums " was the second single from The Stone Roses debut album. Later that year the band released a double A-side single, "Fools Gold/What the World Is Waiting For", which charted in the UK at no. " Fools Gold/What the World Is Waiting For' " is a non-album double A-side by The Stone Roses. 8 in November 1989. Originally intended as a B-side, "Fools Gold" quickly became the Roses' most famous song and a performance of it on Top of the Pops cemented their national fame. Top of the Pops, also known as TOTP, was a long-running British music chart Television programme, made and broadcast It was also the band's most musically adventurous song yet: nine minutes, 53 seconds in length, it featured a wah-wah drenched guitar performance from John Squire over a beat resembling James Brown's "Funky Drummer". A wah-wah pedal (or just wah pedal) is a type of Guitar Effects pedal that alters the tone of the signal to create a distinctive effect intended to mimic James Joseph Brown Jr (May 3 1933 – December 25 2006 commonly referred to as "The Godfather of Soul" the "King of Funk" and "The
Seemingly coming from nowhere, the Stone Roses appeared to be the right band at the right time. The Roses had a broad appeal too: their upbeat, danceable sound and positive outlook had much in common with the blossoming rave scene at the time, yet they also appealed to more traditional indie fans. A rave (or rave party) is a term in use since the 1980s to describe Dance Parties (often all-night events Indie rock is genre of Alternative rock that primarily exists in the independent Underground music scene
Following the band's success, their former label, FM Revolver, re-released the single "Sally Cinnamon" with an accompanying video. The Stone Roses were incensed by this, particularly what they described as a "third rate" video. They went to Revolver's offices on 30 January 1990 and after an argument with the label's boss, Paul Birch, threw paint over the offices, Birch himself and his girlfriend, and then vandalised two cars outside. Events 1648 - Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Münster is signed ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) They were subsequently arrested and tried, and in October they were found guilty and fined £3,000 each plus costs. 
In 1990 The Stone Roses decided to stage a huge outdoor gig at Spike Island in Widnes. Spike Island, Halton Borough Widnes, England a birthplace of the British chemical industry is a reclaimed toxic waste site Widnes is an industrial town within the borough of Halton, in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England with an urban area population of 57663 in The gig took place on 27 May 1990 and was attended by approximately 27,000 people. Events 927 - Simeon the Great, Tsar of Bulgaria, dies 1120 - Richard III of Capua is anointed Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) The event was considered a failure at the time due to sound problems and bad organisation, yet has become legendary over the years - a Woodstock for the baggy generation. The Roses followed Spike Island with another big gig at Glasgow Green, and by July had released their final single for Silvertone, "One Love". Glasgow Green is a Park situated in the east end of Glasgow on the north bank of the River Clyde. One Love is a non-album single by The Stone Roses. The single was released in the UK, U
"One Love" reached number 4 in the UK charts, the Roses' highest chart placing yet. After its release, things quickly began to unravel. It was to be the Roses' last original release for 4 years, as they entered a protracted legal battle to terminate their five year contract with Silvertone. Unable to do this, they were prevented from releasing any musical works as a band for the next four years and the band lost the momentum they had built up following their debut album, and disappeared out of public view.
Eventually they wrangled themselves out of their contract with Silvertone and signed a lucrative contract with Geffen Records. Geffen Records is an American Record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operated as one third of UMG's Interscope-Geffen-A&M label The new album was recorded on the same street as fellow Manchester band Oasis' debut album, and the two bands regularly socialised whilst recording their respective albums. Oasis are an English rock band that formed in Manchester in 1991 Squire even let Noel Gallagher from Oasis borrow his guitar to play on two of the songs on Definitely Maybe. Noel Thomas David Gallagher (born 29 May 1967 in Manchester, England is the lead guitarist backing vocalist and occasional lead vocalist of British rock band Oasis Definitely Maybe is the debut album by the English rock band Oasis, released in 1994 In late 1994, a full five years after their debut, the Stone Roses released their follow-up album, Second Coming. Second Coming is an album released on December 5, 1994 in the UK and early 1995 in the US by The Stone Roses. Mostly written by John Squire, the music now had a dark, heavy blues-rock sound. Blues-rock is a hybrid musical genre combining Bluesy improvisations over the 12-bar blues and extended Boogie jams with Rock
The album was seen as a let-down by much of the music press. However, some felt that songs such as "Ten Storey Love Song", "Begging You" and "Love Spreads" (the latter reaching #2 in the UK charts) showed the Roses could still conjure up their old magic. "Ten Storey Love Song" is a Stone Roses single released in March 1995 " Begging You " is a song by The Stone Roses, released as the final single before their break-up a year later and was the third single from the album " Love Spreads " written in 1992 is a song by The Stone Roses, released as the first single from the album Second Coming. Second Coming is a mix of 1970s hard rock, folk rock ("Your Star Will Shine", "Tightrope") and techno ("Begging You"), with "Ten Storey Love Song" the closest to Byrds-tinged songs such as "Sally Cinnamon".
During their absence The Stone Roses had left a huge gap in the music scene and they returned to find a new wave of soundalike bands had taken their place. The Britpop scene had arrived and the Roses, along with such bands as The Smiths, The Jam, The Kinks and The Beatles, were hailed as its founding fathers. Britpop is a subgenre of Alternative rock that originated in the United Kingdom. The Smiths were an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1982 The Jam were an English Mod revival band active during the late 1970s and early 1980s The Kinks were an English pop and rock group formed in 1963 and categorised in the US as a British Invasion band The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 The Roses were mostly positive about Oasis (who John Squire joined on stage at Knebworth in 1996 to play "Champagne Supernova") but held most of the scene in contempt, Squire describing it as comprising "Kensington art-wankers". Oasis are an English rock band that formed in Manchester in 1991 The grounds of Knebworth House near the village of Knebworth has become a major venue for open air rock and pop concerts since " Champagne Supernova " is a song by the band Oasis. It was written by Noel Gallagher and sung by his brother Liam. Kensington is a district of West London, England within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, located west of Charing Cross.
In March 1995 Reni left the band, and this marked the beginning of the end of The Stone Roses. The band, which had never been particularly media friendly, gave no real explanation for his departure. A replacement drummer, Robbie Maddix, who had previously worked with Rebel MC, was found, and the band soldiered on. Conquering Lion (aka Congo Natty aka Rebel MC aka Tribe Of Issachar aka X Project aka Ras Project) is the Stage name of Also recruited around this time for the live shows was session-keyboardist/programmer Nigel Ippinson, who had previously played with the band on the re-working of "Begging You" for its release as a single.
A secret comeback tour of the UK in April 1995 was planned, but this was cancelled after the music press announced the dates. A major blow to the band's status was the cancellation of their planned UK comeback performance at the Glastonbury Festival in June 1995. For the classical music and theatre festivals co-founded by Rutland Boughton between 1914 and 1926 see Glastonbury Festival (1914-1925 The John Squire had suffered a mountain biking accident in northern California just weeks before the show, breaking his collar bone. The band finally booked a full UK tour for November and December 1995 and all dates sold out in a day.
John Squire left the band on 1 April 1996, to the anger of the remaining members, particularly Ian Brown, who stated that Squire had locked himself away from other band members and frequently used cocaine. John Squire (born John Thomas Squire on 24 November, 1962) is an English Musician, Songwriter and Artist. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar) Eventually, former Asia and Simply Red session guitarist Aziz Ibrahim was recruited to fill Squire's shoes. Asia is a rock group formed in 1981. The band was labelled a supergroup and included former members of veteran Progressive rock bands Simply Red is an English pop band Their style draws influences from pop, rock, jazz, Lovers rock, and Blue-eyed soul Aziz Ibrahim is a British musician He was born in Longsight, Manchester to Pakistani parents The band persevered for another six months before Brown and Mani dissolved the group after two disastrous performances at Benicassim Festival and the Reading Festival in August, 1996, at which disappointed fans booed and threw objects at the stage.
In 1998 John Robb wrote a best-selling book on the band, The Stone Roses And the Resurrection Of British Pop, detailing the band's rise and fall and the culture that grew around them. John Robb (born in Blackpool, England) is vocalist in the Punk rock band Goldblade.
Ian Brown and John Squire have both had successful solo careers since the Roses' break up. Squire formed The Seahorses, who released one album before breaking up, and released two solo albums. The Seahorses were an English band of the mid to late 1990s best known as the post- Stone Roses project of guitarist John Squire. In 2007, Squire told a reporter from the Manchester Evening News that he was giving up music for good to focus on his career as a painter.  Brown has released 5 solo albums, all but one of which have charted within the UK top 10. A large amount of these albums featured Aziz Ibrahim on guitar.
Neither Mani nor Reni have pursued solo careers. Mani joined Indie/Dance act Primal Scream as their bassist in 1996, and has remained in the band consistently since. Primal Scream are a Brit-nominated Scottish Alternative rock group formed in 1982 in Glasgow by Bobby Gillespie ( vocals Reni has remained inactive for the most part since the Roses' breakup. He started a new band called The Rub in 1999, and played several gigs. The Rub were a band formed in 1999 by ex- Stone Roses drummer Alan "Reni" Wren. Nothing has been heard of The Rub since that tour. In a rare interview in 2005, Reni said that he was writing new songs that he would perform with Mani. 
Despite mulitiple rumours that the Roses would reform, Squire and Brown have both repeatedly denied any possibility of a reunion. Past tensions haven't subsided, and the pair have not spoken since Squire resigned.  Squire was interviewed in May 2007 by Dave Haslam on XFM Manchester radio and further lowered the likeliness of a reunion, claiming that even if Ian Brown phoned him and asked if he would be up for gig, he would turn the offer down.  The only partial reunion since the breakup took place on March 30, 2007 at former Smiths' bassist Andy Rourke's charity concert in aid of Manchester Versus Cancer. Events 240 BC - 1st recorded Perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Andy Rourke (born Andrew Michael Rourke 17 January 1964, in Manchester, England) is a Bass guitarist best known for being a former Ian Brown performed a solo set and was joined by Mani and unofficial fifth member Cressa, along with Andy Rourke, Maka Simato and Steve White to perform "I Am the Resurrection". Andy Rourke (born Andrew Michael Rourke 17 January 1964, in Manchester, England) is a Bass guitarist best known for being a former Steve White (born on 31 May, 1965 in Bermondsey, London) is an English Drummer who has worked extensively with " I Am the Resurrection " is a Song by The Stone Roses and the final song on the UK version of their debut album. Reni was supposedly lined up to play drums, but for unknown reasons, did not turn up. The following year's show was reported by The Sun to have Mani, Andy Rourke and Peter Hook's group 'Freebass' on the lineup, to be joined by Brown and Oasis singer Liam Gallagher. The Sun is a Tabloid daily newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Ireland with the highest circulation of any daily English-language Peter "Hooky" Hook (born 13 February 1956 in Salford, Lancashire) is an English Bass player. Oasis are an English rock band that formed in Manchester in 1991 William John Paul "Liam" Gallagher (born September 21, 1972 in Burnage, Manchester) is the lead singer of the British rock band Brown denied the claim on his website and myspace later that day.
Brown was a natural showman and held sway over the crowd throughout live performances. His style influenced the likes of The Charlatans' frontman Tim Burgess (who Brown later mocked during an NME interview for copying his style). The Charlatans (known in the United States as The Charlatans UK) are a British Alternative rock band Tim Burgess (born Timothy Allan Burgess May 30 1967, Salford, England) is the lead singer of British rock/indie act The Charlatans The New Musical Express (better known as the NME) is a Popular music Magazine in the United Kingdom which has been The band were noted for their dislike of traditional gigs and often preferred to put on their own events reminiscent of the early acid house scene. Acid house is a sub-genre of House music that emphasizes a repetitive hypnotic and trance -like style with samples or spoken lines usually used rather than sung lyrics
Although some later Britpop songs contained social commentaries, often ironic or cynical - notably Blur's "Country House" and "Girls & Boys", and Pulp's "Common People" - the Stone Roses' work tends to be more political or idealistic. " Country House " is a song by the English Alternative rock band Blur. " Girls & Boys " is a song by the English Alternative rock band Blur. Pulp were an English Alternative rock band formed in Sheffield in 1978 by Jarvis Cocker ( vocals Guitar) " Common People " is a song by English Alternative rock band Pulp. The song "Elizabeth My Dear", for instance, clearly criticised the monarchy. The May 1968 student riots in Paris are said to have provided some inspiration for their first album, with the colours of the French flag shown sideways on the cover, and with lemons alongside placed upon Squire's Jackson Pollock-type painting (lemons had been used to counteract the effects of tear gas during the riots). The National flag of France (known in French as drapeau tricolore, drapeau français,and in military parlance les couleurs Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28 1912 &ndash August 11 1956 was an influential American painter and a major force in the abstract expressionist movement Riot control agents are Less-lethal Lachrymatory agents used for Riot control. The song "Bye Bye Badman" also made references to the student riots (a theme reprised by Brown in the title of the first track of his solo debut album) and the use of lemons in particular. Unfinished Monkey Business is the first solo album released by Ian Brown after the break-up of The Stone Roses.
Their appearance on BBC Two's The Late Show, broadcast on November 22, 1989, infamously ended early after they exceeded the allowed level of noise for the building, thereby cutting out the sound. The Late Show (1989&ndash1995 was a British television arts magazine programme broadcast on BBC Two weeknights at 11 Events 498 - Kofi Aseidu- After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran Ian Brown shouted "Amateurs!" as the presenter, live on air, vainly reassured that the problem would be fixed. "I Am The Resurrection" was used on the BBC's Manchester Passion programme in 2006 which told the biblical Easter story using Manchester music. The Manchester Passion is a Passion play about the last hours of Jesus, retold using a backdrop of the contemporary Music of Manchester.
Bands influenced by the Stone Roses include Oasis, Blur, Pulp, Suede, Coldplay, Manic Street Preachers, Stereophonics, The Bluetones, The Charlatans and The Verve. Oasis are an English rock band that formed in Manchester in 1991 Blur are an English Alternative rock band that formed in London in 1989 Pulp were an English Alternative rock band formed in Sheffield in 1978 by Jarvis Cocker ( vocals Guitar) Suede (or The London Suede in the United States) were an English rock band of the 1990s and the early 2000s that helped start the Britpop musical Coldplay TalkColdplay#Is_or_Are_dispute_again Manic Street Preachers (often known colloquially as the " Manics " or " MSP " are a Welsh rock band consisting of James Stereophonics are a British Rock band, consisting of Kelly Jones, Richard Jones, Javier Weyler and Adam Zindani. The Bluetones are an English Indie rock band formed in Hounslow, Greater London, in 1994 The Charlatans (known in the United States as The Charlatans UK) are a British Alternative rock band The Verve (originally Verve) are an English rock band formed in Wigan, Greater Manchester in 1989 at Winstanley Sixth Arctic Monkeys frontman Alex Turner has stated that Ian Brown is the band's musical hero. Arctic Monkeys are a British Indie band from High Green, a suburb of Sheffield. Ian George Brown (born 20 February 1963) is an English musician and former lead singer of the Alternative rock band The Stone Roses
In 2008, The Stone Roses' music will be featured in the film movie adaptation of Irvine Welsh's best-selling novel Ecstasy: Three Tales of Chemical Romance. Ecstasy Three Tales of Chemical Romance is a collection of three Novellas by Irvine Welsh. Irvine Welsh (born 27 September 1958 Leith, Edinburgh) is a contemporary Scottish novelist, best known for his novel Trainspotting Ecstasy Three Tales of Chemical Romance is a collection of three Novellas by Irvine Welsh. "She Bangs The Drums" is featured in the video game Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock. " She Bangs the Drums " was the second single from The Stone Roses debut album. However, it is a cover and not the master track of the song.
The songs "I Wanna Be Adored" and "Waterfall" were in the 2005 film Green Street which starred Elijah Wood. " I Wanna Be Adored " was the third single from The Stone Roses. A waterfall is usually a geological formation resulting from water often in the form of a Stream, flowing over an Erosion -resistant rock Green Street is a 2005 Drama film about Football hooliganism in England. Elijah Jordan Wood (born January 28 1981) is an American Actor.
The song "This Is the One" was featured in the 2007 indie film Eagle vs. Shark. Eagle vs Shark is a New Zealand-made Romantic comedy directed by Academy Award nominee Taika Waititi and financed by the New