Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Stanley Kubrick|
|Produced by||Stanley Kubrick|
|Music by||Wendy Carlos|
|Editing by||Ray Lovejoy|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Release date(s)||May 23, 1980|
|Running time||Original cut|
146 min. Jan Harlan is a film producer and the brother of Christiane Kubrick, Stanley Kubrick 's widow Martin Richards is an Academy Award-winning Film producer. He won the Best Picture Academy Award for the production of Chicago. Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American Author, Screenwriter, Musician, Columnist, Diane Johnson (born April 28, 1934) is an American born Novelist and Essayist whose Satirical novels often contain American John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson (born April 22 1937) is an American Actor, internationally renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals Shelley Alexis Duvall (born July 7, 1949) is an award-winning American Film and Television actress. Daniel "Danny" Lloyd or "Dan" Lloyd (born January 1 1973) is an American former child actor. Not to be confused with Scatman John. Benjamin Sherman "Scatman" Crothers ( May 23, 1910 – November 22, 1986 Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos, November 14 1939 is an American Composer and electronic Musician. Rachel Elkind produced the work of Wendy Carlos, such as Switched on Bach. John Alcott, BSC ( London, 1931 - July 28 1986) was an Oscar winning cinematographer best known for his four collaborations with director Ray Lovejoy was a film editor with over thirty years of experience in that field Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Events 1430 - Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar)
|Country||United States and United Kingdom|
The Shining is a 1980 horror film directed by Stanley Kubrick, based on Stephen King's novel of the same name. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The year 1980 in film involved some significant events Events April 30 - The Roger Daltrey film McVicar, opens Horror films are Movies that strive to elicit Fear, Horror and terror responses from viewers Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American Author, Screenwriter, Musician, Columnist, The Shining (1977 is a horror Novel by American Author Stephen King. Kubrick co-wrote the screenplay with novelist Diane Johnson. Diane Johnson (born April 28, 1934) is an American born Novelist and Essayist whose Satirical novels often contain American The film stars Jack Nicholson as tormented writer Jack Torrance, Shelley Duvall as his wife, Wendy, and Danny Lloyd as their son, Danny. John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson (born April 22 1937) is an American Actor, internationally renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals John Daniel "Jack" Torrance is a Fictional character, the Antagonist in the 1977 novel The Shining by Stephen King. Shelley Alexis Duvall (born July 7, 1949) is an award-winning American Film and Television actress. Daniel "Danny" Lloyd or "Dan" Lloyd (born January 1 1973) is an American former child actor.
The film tells the fictional story of a writer, Jack Torrance (Jack Nicholson), and his wife and son, who move into a reclusive hotel as caretaker. While there Torrance plans to write his new novel, but is distracted by mysterious occurences in the hotel and slowly goes crazy, going after his wife and son with an axe. Initial response to the film was mixed, but it did well at the box office. Subsequent critical assessment of the film has been more favorable.
Jack Torrance interviews for a job at the Overlook Hotel. John Daniel "Jack" Torrance is a Fictional character, the Antagonist in the 1977 novel The Shining by Stephen King. The Overlook Hotel is the fictional hotel from Stephen King 's novel The Shining and its adaptations It is at an isolated location and features a massive hedge maze. Jack plans to write his novel while working at the hotel. The hotel manager, Mr. ManaGeR ( MGR) is a graphical Window system. The MGR server provides a builtin Window manager and windowed graphics Terminal emulation on color Ullman, tactfully informs Jack that years earlier the caretaker, Charles Grady, went crazy while performing the same job and brutally killed himself, along with his family. Jack's son, Danny, has an imaginary friend named Tony, he uses a strange voice to vocalize what Tony tells to him. Imaginary friends, also known as "imaginary companions" are pretend characters often created by Children. Tony warns Danny about the hotel. Jack gets the job and the family arrives at the hotel as it is being shut down for the season. Danny sees two girls for a few moments but they say nothing and exit. The head chef Dick Hallorann recognizes that Danny is telepathic. Telepathy ( Greek τηλε tele meaning "distant" and πάθεια patheia meaning "to be affected by" describes the purported transfer When alone with Danny, Hallorann explains that he has a gift known as "shining". He tells Danny that not only do people shine, but sometimes places also shine. Danny asks about Room 237, but Hallorann sternly warns him not to go in the room.
The first month passes without incident. The Torrances enjoy the serenity of the hotel and the mountains. Jack is busy typing in the spacious Colorado room, but he is quite irritable and guarded about his book and declares the room off-limits. He soon develops writer's block and grows frustrated and depressed. Writer's block is a Phenomenon involving temporary loss of ability to begin or continue writing usually due to lack of inspiration or Creativity. On Tuesday, Danny finds the door to room 237 is locked. On Thursday, while Wendy and Danny play in the snow, Jack starts to slowly become deranged. On Saturday, a storm knocks out the phone lines. Danny again sees the two girls, but this time he sees that they were murdered. Although Danny is terrified, Tony tells him that these visions are merely like pictures, so he does not tell his parents.
The rest of the film happens on the following Wednesday. Danny, wandering around the hotel, finds the door to room 237 again, this time it is open and he enters. Immediately afterwards Jack has a terrible nightmare in which he uses an axe to chop Danny and Wendy to pieces, which he then recounts to Wendy. Soon Danny appears with his sweater ripped and bruises on his neck. Wendy accuses Jack of abusing Danny and takes him back to their suite. Jack is furious about the accusation, and storms out of his room, making his way to the Gold Room. When he goes to the bar, he sees a bartender, who serves him a drink. A bartender ( barman, barkeeper, barmaid, mixologist, tapster among other names serves Beverages Wendy enters to find Jack asleep at the bar. She says that Danny claims to have encountered "a crazy woman" in room 237. Wendy locks herself and Danny in their suite while Jack goes to investigate. He sees a naked and attractive woman in the bathtub. She steps out of the tub and they kiss, but then Jack sees her, in the bathroom mirror, as a naked old woman with rotting skin. He escapes, locking the door. Jack denies to Wendy that anything is amiss in room 237. Wendy now wants to leave for Danny's sake, but they argue and Jack leaves to wander about the hotel. Jack returns to the Gold Room, which is now the scene of a posh 1920s style New Year's party. After getting another drink, he spills advocaat on his jacket, and goes with a butler to the bathroom to clean up. Advocaat (or advokatt) is a rich and creamy Liqueur made from eggs, sugar and brandy The butler introduces himself as Delbert Grady. Jack recognizes his name. Grady tells Jack that Danny has "a great talent" and is using it to bring an outsider — Dick Hallorann. Grady refers to how he "corrected" his family and advises Jack to do the same.
At about the same time as Danny goes into Room 237, Hallorann, who is spending his winter in Florida, has a horrible vision of bloodshed related to the hotel. Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the The vision is of an elevator door opening and a flood of blood pouring forth. This vision is later repeated several times to other characters. Dick tries to contact the Torrances and after finding no way to do so, he books the next flight back to Colorado. He is slowed by the storm, but he manages to borrow a snowcat and slowly drives up to the hotel that night.
Wendy arms herself with a bat and goes to talk to Jack about leaving. A baseball bat is a smooth wooden or metal club used in the game of Baseball to hit the ball after the ball is thrown by the pitcher. Jack is not in the Colorado room, but Wendy looks at the page in the typewriter. She sees the entire typed manuscript is just repetitions of a single sentence, "All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy". All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy is a Proverb. Its meaning is that without time off from work a person becomes bored and boring Jack appears and asks: "How do you like it?", but Wendy is now terrified. Jack continues to taunt her and approach and threaten her. She hits him hard on the head with the bat and he falls unconscious down a flight of stairs. Wendy drags Jack to the large pantry and locks him inside. A pantry is a room where Food, provisions or dishes are stored and served in an ancillary capacity to the Kitchen. Jack wakes up and it becomes clear that Jack has hurt his leg during the fall. Wendy arms herself with a large kitchen knife. Jack tells her he has already sabotaged the radio, as well as the snowcat, stranding them at the hotel. A snowcat is an enclosed-cab truck sized fully tracked vehicle designed to move on Snow. Wendy goes to confirm this.
By the evening, still trapped in the pantry, Jack falls asleep on the floor. Roused by the sound of Grady's voice, Jack has another conversation with Grady, and the pantry door unlocks.
Wendy and Danny have locked themselves in their suite. Danny, who since visiting Room 237 has only been speaking in Tony's voice, has been having visions of the word "redrum". While Wendy is asleep, Danny uses her lipstick to draw the word on the bathroom door. Danny then wakes Wendy, who sees the word in the mirror and sees "murder" spelled backwards. At that moment, Jack arrives with an axe and starts to chop down the door to their suite. Wendy and Danny lock themselves in the bathroom. Danny is able to escape through the window but Wendy cannot fit through it. After chopping away one of the door panels with his axe, Jack sticks his hand through the gap to turn the lock. Wendy slashes his hand with the knife and he recoils. They then both hear the rumble of an approaching snowcat engine, as Hallorann arrives. In the entrance hall Jack ambushes Halloran and kills him with the axe. Danny, hiding in a kitchen cabinet, cries out as Hallorann dies. Jack hears Danny's scream and searches for him, limping and armed with his bloody axe.
Wendy starts to search the hotel and has several ghostly encounters. Danny has run outside, so Jack turns on the outside lights, including the hedge maze. Jack then follows Danny into the snowy maze. Danny realizes he is leaving a trail of footprints in the snow for Jack to follow and he retraces his steps, then hides nearby in the labyrinth. When Jack arrives, he finds that Danny's footprints suddenly end, but he continues wandering and searching. Danny takes this opportunity to follow his own footprints back to the maze's entrance. Wendy makes her way out of the hotel just as Danny emerges from the maze. They get into the snowcat and drive away. Jack hears the engine start and then fade, realizing that he has lost, he sits down, exhausted. In the morning Jack is shown frozen to death.
Just before the end credits, the audience sees a photograph of a lavish ball which had been hanging in the hotel the entire time. In the center of the picture is a young Jack; the caption reads: "Overlook Hotel, July 4th Ball, 1921".
Filming took place at both Pinewood Studios and Elstree Studios in England. Pinewood Studios is a major British Film studio situated in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. Historically the name " Elstree Studios " refers to any of several Film studios that were based in the towns of Borehamwood and Elstree in The set for the Overlook Hotel was then the largest ever built. Set construction is a process by which a set designer works in collaboration with the director of the production to create the set for a theatrical film or television It included a full recreation of the exterior of the hotel, as well as the interiors. A few exterior shots were done at Timberline Lodge on Mount Hood in Oregon. Timberline Lodge is a mountain lodge on the south side of Mount Hood in Oregon, about 60 miles (96 km east of Portland. Mount Hood (called Wy'east by the Multnomah tribe) is a Stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc in northern Oregon ( is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. They are noticeable because the hedge maze is missing. The interiors are based on those of the Ahwahnee hotel in Yosemite National Park. "Ahwahnee" redirects here For the unincorporated town in Madera County see Ahwahnee California. The Timberline Lodge requested Kubrick change the sinister Room 217 of King's novel to 237, so customers would stay in their own room 217 fearlessly.
The massive set would be Kubrick's first use of the Steadicam. A steadicam is a stabilizing mount for a Motion-picture camera, which mechanically isolates the operator's movement from the camera allowing a very smooth shot even when The door that Jack breaks down with the axe near the end of the movie was a real door. Kubrick originally used a fake door, made of a weaker wood, but Jack Nicholson, who had worked as a volunteer fire marshal, tore it down too quickly. A fire marshal, in the United States and Canada, is often a member of a fire department but may be part of a building department or a separate department altogether Kubrick did not include the topiary animals of King's books in the hedge maze, which come alive at the novel's end, due to a lack of interest in them and limitations of special effects. Topiary is the art of creating Sculptures in the medium of clipped Trees, Shrubs and Sub-shrubs The word derives from the Latin According to the Guinness Book of World Records, The Shining holds the record for the film with most retakes of a single scene (with spoken dialogue) at 127 takes. Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records (and in previous U The participant in those retakes was Shelley Duvall.
Jack's line, "Heeeeere's Johnny!", is taken from the famous introduction for The Tonight Show host Johnny Carson, as spoken by Ed McMahon. The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was a late-night talk show hosted by Johnny Carson under the ''Tonight Show'' franchise from 1962 John William “Johnny” Carson ( October 23, 1925 &ndash January 23, 2005) was an American Television host and Edward "Ed" Leo Peter McMahon Jr (born March 6 1923 is an American Comedian, Game show host, Announcer, and Television personality The line was ad-libbed by Nicholson. Carson later used the Nicholson clip to open his 1980 Anniversary Show on NBC.
The opening panorama shots (which were used by Ridley Scott for the closing moments of the original cut of the film Blade Runner) and scenes of the Volkswagen Beetle on the road to the hotel were filmed in Glacier National Park in Montana. Sir Ridley Scott (born November 30 1937 in South Shields, Tyne and Wear) is a British Academy Award Nominated and Golden Globe Emmy Award and BAFTA Award winning Blade Runner is a 1982 American Science fiction Film, directed by Ridley Scott. The Volkswagen Beetle, officially known as the type 1 and originally called ‘Käfer’ is an Economy car produced by the German auto maker Volkswagen Glacier National Park is located in the US state of Montana, bordering the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. Montana ( is a state in the Western United States. One-third of the state in the western part contains numerous mountain ranges (approximately 77 named of the northern These scenes were filmed out of a helicopter, which can be seen briefly in the open matte version of the film in the lower right-hand corner of the screen and whose blades can be seen when first shown the exterior of the hotel. Open matte is a filming technique that involves matting out the top and bottom of the film frame in the Movie projector (known as a soft matte) for the Widescreen
Stanley Kubrick allowed his then-17-year-old daughter, Vivian, to make a documentary about the production of The Shining. Vivian Vanessa Kubrick (born August 5, 1960) is an American Filmmaker and Composer, known for her work with her father filmmaker Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt in one fashion or another to " Document " reality Created originally for the BBC television show Arena, this documentary offers rare insight into the shooting process of a Kubrick film. Arena is a British Television documentary series made and broadcast by the BBC. The documentary, together with full-length commentary by Vivian Kubrick, is included on both DVD releases of The Shining.
The film opened to mixed reviews, but did very well commercially with audiences and made Warner Brothers a profit. John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson (born April 22 1937) is an American Actor, internationally renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals John Daniel "Jack" Torrance is a Fictional character, the Antagonist in the 1977 novel The Shining by Stephen King. Shelley Alexis Duvall (born July 7, 1949) is an award-winning American Film and Television actress. Daniel "Danny" Lloyd or "Dan" Lloyd (born January 1 1973) is an American former child actor. Not to be confused with Scatman John. Benjamin Sherman "Scatman" Crothers ( May 23, 1910 – November 22, 1986 Barry Nelson ( April 16, 1917 – April 7, 2007) was an American Actor, noted as the first actor to portray Ian Philip Stone ( April 14, 1924 &ndash June 15, 2003) was an English actor Joe Turkel (born 15 July 1927) is a prolific American Character actor. Anne Jackson (born September 3, 1926) is an American Actress of stage screen and television Anthony "Tony" Burton (born March 23, 1937) is an American actor Barry Dennen (born February 22, 1938 in Chicago Illinois) is an American actor singer and writer Vivian Vanessa Kubrick (born August 5, 1960) is an American Filmmaker and Composer, known for her work with her father filmmaker For example, Variety staff criticized Kubrick for destroying what was terrifying in Stephen King's novel. Variety is a weekly entertainment trade newspaper founded in New York in 1905 by Sime Silverman  As with most Kubrick films, subsequent critical reaction reviews the film more favorably.
Film website Rotten Tomatoes, which compiles reviews from a wide range of critics, gives the film a score of 86%. Rotten Tomatoes is a Website devoted to reviews information and news of Movies.  Stephen King has been quoted as saying that although Kubrick made a solid film with memorable imagery it was not a good adaptation of his novel. Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American Author, Screenwriter, Musician, Columnist,  He thought that his novel's important themes, such as the disintegration of the family and the dangers of alcoholism, were ignored. Kubrick made other changes that King disparaged. King especially viewed the casting of Nicholson as a mistake and a tip-off to the audience (due to Nicholson's identification with the character of McMurphy in One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest) that the character Jack would go mad. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is a 1975 Comedy-drama film directed by Miloš Forman.
As noted by Roger Ebert:
|“||If Jack did indeed freeze to death in the labyrinth, of course his body was found -- and sooner rather than later, since Dick Hallorann alerted the forest rangers to serious trouble at the hotel. Roger Joseph Ebert (iːbɝt born June 18, 1942) is an American film critic and Screenwriter. If Jack's body was not found, what happened to it? Was it never there? Was it absorbed into the past, and does that explain Jack's presence in that final photograph of a group of hotel party-goers in 1921? Did Jack's violent pursuit of his wife and child exist entirely in Wendy's imagination, or Danny's, or theirs?. . . Kubrick was wise to remove that epilogue. It pulled one rug too many out from under the story. At some level, it is necessary for us to believe the three members of the Torrance family are actually residents in the hotel during that winter, whatever happens or whatever they think happens.||”|
Ebert also notes in his review of the film that, whenever Jack sees or communicates with spirits, a mirror is always present, and, given the themes of madness and isolation, suggests he may be speaking with himself.
King finally supervised a television adaptation of his original novel in 1997, which received lukewarm reviews. The Shining is a four part television Miniseries chronicling the events and actions that transpire as a family watches over a large and imposing Colorado hotel during
Over the years the film has become widely regarded as one of the greatest films of the horror genre and a staple of pop culture. In 2001, the film was ranked 29th on AFI's 100 Years... 100 Thrills list and Jack Torrance was named the 25th greatest villain on the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains list in 2003. Part of the AFI 100 Years series, AFI's 100 Years 100 Thrills is a list of the top 100 thrilling movies in American cinema AFI's 100 Years100 Heroes It was named the all-time scariest film by Channel 4, Total Film labeled it the 5th greatest horror film,  and Bravo TV named one of the film's scenes 6th on their list of the 100 Scariest Movie Moments. Channel 4 is a public-service Television and Radio broadcaster in the United Kingdom centred around a television channel of the same name which began Total Film, published by Future Publishing, is the United Kingdom 's second best-selling Film Magazine. BRAVO TV is a German television program which aired from January 1985 till December 1986 on Sat In addition, film critics Kim Newman and Jonathan Romney both placed it in their top ten lists for the 2002 Sight and Sound poll. Sight & Sound ( is a British monthly Film Magazine published by the British Film Institute (BFI The film has been parodied a number of times, for example by The Simpsons episode "Treehouse of Horror V" during the segment called "The Shinning". " Treehouse of Horror V " is the sixth episode of The Simpsons ' sixth season and the fifth episode in the Treehouse
The film features a brief electronic score by Wendy Carlos and Rachel Elkind, including one major theme in addition to a main title based on Hector Berlioz' interpretation of the "Dies Irae", used in his "Symphonie Fantastique", as well as pieces of modernist music. Electronic music is music that employs Electronic musical instruments and Electronic Music technology in its production Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos, November 14 1939 is an American Composer and electronic Musician. Rachel Elkind produced the work of Wendy Carlos, such as Switched on Bach. Dies Irae (Day of Wrath is a famous thirteenth century Latin Hymn thought to be written by Thomas of Celano. An Episode in the Life of the Artist Opus 14 usually referred to by its subtitle Symphonie fantastique ( Fantasy Symphony) is The soundtrack LP was taken off the market due to licensing issues and has never appeared as a legitimate compact disc release. Long play (LP record albums are 33⅓  Rpm vinyl Gramophone records (phonograph records generally either 10- or 12- Inches in diameter A Compact Disc (also known as a CD) is an Optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio For the film itself, pieces were overdubbed on top of one another. Overdubbing (the process of making an overdub, or overdubs is a technique used by Recording studios to add a supplementary recorded sound to a previously recorded 
Carlos and Elkind had composed a great deal of music for the film, with the expectation that it would be used. However, Kubrick decided to go with classical music from other sources, as he has done on previous occasions. Some of Carlos' unused music appears on her album Rediscovering Lost Scores, Vol. 2.
The non-original music on the soundtrack is as follows:
The stylistic contemporary art-music chosen by Kubrick is similar to the repertoire he first explored in 2001: A Space Odyssey. 2001 A Space Odyssey is a 1968 Science fiction film directed by Stanley Kubrick, written by Kubrick and Arthur C It is little known that, although the repertoire was selected by Kubrick, the process of matching passages of music to motion picture was left almost entirely at the discretion of music editor Gordon Stainforth, whose work on this film is notable for the attention to fine details, and remarkably precise synchronisation without excessive splicing. A music sequencer (also MIDI sequencer or just sequencer) is software or hardware designed to create and manage computer-generated music 
There are several versions of The Shining. After its premiere and a week into the general run (with a running time of 146 minutes), Kubrick cut a scene at the end that took place in a hospital. The scene had Wendy in a bed talking with Mr. Ullman, the man who hired Jack at the beginning of the film. He explains that her husband's body could not be found, thus raising several questions and implications. This scene was subsequently physically cut out of prints by projectionists and sent back to the studio by order of Warner Bros. , the film's distributor.
The European version runs for 119 minutes due to Kubrick personally cutting 24 minutes from the film as mentioned above.  The excised scenes made reference to the outside world.