The Open Group is an industry consortium to set vendor- and technology-neutral open standards for computing infrastructure. A consortium is an association of two or more individuals companies organizations or governments (or any combination of these entities with the objective of participating Computing is usually defined like the activity of using and developing Computer technology Computer hardware and software. It was formed when X/Open merged with the Open Software Foundation in 1996. X/Open Company Ltd was a Consortium founded by several European UNIX systems manufacturers in 1984 to identify and promote Open standards in the field The Open Software Foundation ( OSF) was an organization founded in 1988 to create an Open standard for an implementation of the Unix operating Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar) The Open Group is most famous as the certifying body for the UNIX trademark, in the past the group was best known for its publication of the Single UNIX Specification paper, which extends the POSIX standards and is the official definition of UNIX. Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer A trademark or trade mark, represented by the symbols ™ and ®, or mark is a distinctive sign or indicator used by an individual The Single UNIX Specification ( SUS) is the collective name of a family of standards for Computer Operating systems to qualify for the name " Unix POSIX (ˈpɒzɪks or "Portable Operating System Interface" is the collective name of a family of related standards specified by the IEEE to define Their members include a range of IT buyers and vendors as well as government agencies, for example Capgemini, Fujitsu, Hitachi, HP, IBM, NEC, US Department of Defense, NASA and others. Capgemini ( is a major French company, one of the world's largest Information technology, Management consulting, Outsourcing is a Japanese company specializing in Semiconductors Computers ( Supercomputers Personal computers, servers, Telecommunications () is a Multinational corporation specializing in high-technology and services headquartered in Marunouchi Itchome Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. International Business Machines Corporation abbreviated IBM and nicknamed "Big Blue", is a multinational Computer Technology is a Japanese multinational IT company headquartered in Minato Tokyo, Japan. The United States Department of Defense ( DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government The National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA, ˈnæsə is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nation's public space program
The Open Group's best-known service are their certification programs, including certification for the Common Operating Environment (COE) Platform, CORBA, Directory, POSIX, Schools Interoperability Framework (SIF), UNIX, and Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). The Common Object Requesting Broker Architecture (CORBA is a standard defined by the Object Management Group (OMG that enables software components written POSIX (ˈpɒzɪks or "Portable Operating System Interface" is the collective name of a family of related standards specified by the IEEE to define The Schools Interoperability Framework, or SIF is a data sharing open Specification for academic institutions from kindergarten through twelfth grade ( K-12 Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer WAP is an open international Standard for Application layer network communications in a Wireless communication environment The Open Group is also the owner of the UNIX trademark. Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer
The Open Group has also turned to the standardization of business and development practices instead, offering certifications for professionals. Primary among these standards is the IT Architect Certification and TOGAF (The Open Group Architecture Framework). The IT Architect Certification program was developed by The Open Group members in response to the growing demand for experienced IT architects The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF is a framework for Enterprise Architecture which provides a comprehensive approach to the design planning implementation
The Open Group provides a platform for its members to discuss their requirements, and work jointly on development and adoption of industry standards, to facilitate enterprise integration. (Note: Some of The Open Group documents are only available to members, especially when they are under development. ) Based on their area of interest, members can join one or more semi-autonomous Forums, which include: Architecture Forum, Grid Enterprise Services Forum, Identity Management Forum, Jericho Forum,Messaging Forum,Enterprise Management and Quality of Service Forum, Platform Forum,Real Time and Embedded Systems Forum, Security Forum, and Universal Data Element Framework Forum. Members come together at The Open Group’s quarterly conferences and member meetings.
Government Programs The Open Group provides services to the government sector - agencies, suppliers, and companies or organizations set up by governments to advance government goals.
Services to Consortia The Open Group also provides a range of services to consortia and organizations, from initial organization set-up and ongoing operational support to collaboration, standards and best practices development, and assistance with technology transfer. They assist organizations with setting business objectives, strategy and procurement, and also provide certification and test development services.
By the early 1990s, the major Unix players had begun to realize that the standards rivalries known as the Unix wars were causing all participants more harm than good, leaving Unix open to emerging competition from Microsoft. The Unix wars were the struggles between Vendors of the Unix Computer Operating system in the late 1980s and early 1990s to set the standard for Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational Computer technology Corporation, which rose to dominate the Home computer The COSE initiative in 1993 can be considered to be the first unification step and the merger of the Open Software Foundation (OSF) and X/Open in 1996 as the ultimate step in the end of those skirmishes. The Common Open Software Environment or COSE was an initiative formed in March 1993 by the major Unix vendors of the time to create open unified Operating The Open Software Foundation ( OSF) was an organization founded in 1988 to create an Open standard for an implementation of the Unix operating X/Open Company Ltd was a Consortium founded by several European UNIX systems manufacturers in 1984 to identify and promote Open standards in the field OSF had previously merged with UNIX International in 1994, meaning that the new entity effectively represented all elements of the Unix community of the time. Unix International or UI was an association created in 1988 to promote open standards especially the Unix Operating system.
The value of the UNIX brand has diminished due to changes in the open systems marketplace, notably the widespread acceptance of "non-standardized" Unix-like operating systems such as GNU/Linux. GNU ( pronounced) is a computer Operating system composed entirely of Free software. Linux (commonly pronounced ˈlɪnəks More recently there has been an effort by The Open Group in conjunction with the Linux Foundation to help standardize Linux via the Linux Standard Base specification, but the success of this initiative appears to be very limited to date. The Linux Foundation ( LF) is a non-profit Consortium chartered to foster the growth of Linux. The Linux Standard Base, or LSB, is a joint project by several Linux distributions under the organizational structure of the Linux Foundation (merger of Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.
( ¹ previously maintained, developed by T. The Call Level Interface (CLI is a software standard defined in ISO / IEC 9075-32003 In Computing, Open Database Connectivity ( ODBC) provides a standard Software API method for using Database management systems (DBMS The Common Desktop Environment ( CDE) a Graphical Desktop environment for Unix, leverages the Motif Widget toolkit The Distributed Computing Environment (DCE is a software system developed in the early 1990s by a consortium that included Apollo Computer (later part of Hewlett-Packard Distributed Component Object Model ( DCOM) is a proprietary Microsoft technology for communication among software components distributed across Distributed Relational Database Architecture (DRDA is a database interoperability standard from The Open Group. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, or LDAP (ˈɛl dæp is an Application protocol for querying and modifying Directory services running over In computing Motif refers to both a Graphical user interface (GUI specification and the Widget toolkit for building applications that follow that specification The Single UNIX Specification ( SUS) is the collective name of a family of standards for Computer Operating systems to qualify for the name " Unix Application Response Measurement ( ARM) is an open standard published by the Open Group for monitoring and diagnosing performance bottlenecks within complex enterprise O. G. )