|Former Names||Millennium Dome|
|Structural System||Steel & tensioned fabric|
Drawdock Road / Millennium Way
London, SE10 0BB
|Owner||English Partnerships (Ultimate owner of Dome and Land)|
|Current Tenants||Anschutz Entertainment Group Europe (dome site sub-leased by Meridian Delta and arena leased by English Partnerships)|
|Completed||1999 (mast-supported canopy)|
2007 (redevelopment of The O2 and surrounding area have been partially completed prior to opening)
|Height||50 metres at its highest point (central point within canopy)|
100m (steel masts)
|Diameter||365 metres (overall diameter of canopy)|
320 metres (internal diameter of canopy)
|Other Dimensions||1km (circumference of canopy)|
|Architect||Richard Rogers (canopy)|
HOK SVE (redeveloped interior of The O2)
|Structural engineer||Buro Happold (canopy and redeveloped interior of The O2)|
|Services engineer||Buro Happold (canopy)|
M-E Engineers (redeveloped interior of The O2)
|Awards and Prizes||Royal Academy of Engineering|
The O2 is a large entertainment district including an indoor arena, a music club, a cinema, an exhibition space, piazzas and bars and restaurants, built within a large dome-shaped building (formerly the Millennium Dome), on the Greenwich peninsula in south-east London, England. The Millennium Dome, often referred to simply as The Dome, is the original name of a large Dome -shaped building originally used to house The Greenwich Peninsula, sometimes known as Blackwall Point, is a tongue of land bounded on three sides by a loop of the Thames between the Isle of Dogs and London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland It is often incorrectly referred to as The O2 dome, the O2 Centre (which is actually a shopping centre in Finchley Road) or The O2 arena which is actually the name of the arena in The O2. The O2 Centre is an indoor shopping and leisure centre on Finchley Road, London, near Finchley Road tube station. Finchley Road, an inner city main road which runs for about 7 kilometres/4 miles is one of the major thoroughfares of north London, England. The name of the Entertainment District officially became The O2, when O2 plc (now Telefónica O2 Europe plc) purchased the naming rights from the developers, Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG), during the development of the entertainment district. Telefónica Europe plc is a European Telecommunications company providing both fixed and mobile communication products usually under the styled brand O2 The Anschutz Entertainment Group ( AEG) is a sporting and music entertainment presenter and a subsidiary of The Anschutz Corporation.
The dome-shaped building, also referred to as the Dome's canopy, was originally constructed as the Millennium Dome, often simply known as the Dome, and housed the Millennium Experience, a major exhibition celebrating the third Millennium. The Millennium Dome, often referred to simply as The Dome, is the original name of a large Dome -shaped building originally used to house After the closure of the exhibition on December 31, 2000, the interior of the building was demolished leaving only the shell of the Dome. Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. Although AEG has transformed the interior of the Dome's shell and have renamed it The O2, many still refer to it as the Dome.
Since the closure of the original exhibition celebrating the millennium, several possible ways of reusing the Dome's shell were proposed and then rejected. The official renaming of the Dome on May 31, 2005 gave publicity to its transition into an Entertainment District including an indoor arena, a music club, a cinema, an exhibition space, and bars and restaurants. Events 1279 BC - Rameses II (The Great (19th dynasty becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The interior of the Dome's shell was completely cleared prior to the development and construction of the new facilities. The Dome's shell itself remained in situ but its interior and the area around North Greenwich Station, the QE2 pier and the main entrance area was completely redeveloped. In this role the plan is to host the 2009 World Gymnastics Championships and the artistic gymnastics and basketball events of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, as well as two National Hockey League games and a National Basketball Association game in 2007. The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique organises World Gymnastics Championships for each of the gymnastic disciplines Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of Gymnastics. Competitive gymnasts perform short routines (ranging from approximately 30 to 90 Seconds on different apparatus Basketball is a team Sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by propelling a ball through a 10 feet (3 m The National Hockey League ( NHL) is a professional Ice hockey league composed of 30 teams in North America The Tennis Masters Cup, which will be renamed to ATP World Tour Finals, is intended to be held in The O2 arena from 2009 to 2012. The Tennis Masters Cup is a Tennis tournament played at the end of each year involving the top eight players in the men's tennis world rankings
The area is served by North Greenwich tube station, which was opened just before the millennium exhibition, on the Jubilee Line, and by bus routes. North Greenwich is a station on London Underground 's Jubilee Line, opened in 1999 The London Underground is a Metro system serving a large part of Greater London and neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire The Jubilee line is a line on the London Underground ("the Tube" in the United Kingdom. London Buses is the subsidiary of Transport for London (TfL that manages bus services within Greater London, UK.
Thames Clipper operate a river boat service for London River Services; the present dome tenants, AEG, purchased Thames Clipper in order to provide river links between Central London and The O2. Thames Clipper is a water-bus service operating in London on the River Thames. London River Services is an arm of Transport for London (TfL which manages passenger transport on the River Thames in London, UK. As well as a commuter service, Thames Clipper also operate a new O2 Express service. Thames Clipper is a water-bus service operating in London on the River Thames.
The dome-shaped building, which now houses The O2's Entertainment Avenue and arena, was originally constructed as the Millennium Dome and housed the Millennium Experience, a major exhibition to celebrate the start of the third millennium. The exhibition opened to the public on January 1, 2000 and ran until December 31, 2000; however, the project and exhibition was the subject of considerable political controversy and did not attract the number of visitors anticipated, leading to recurring financial problems. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. In popular usage, the dome canopy is often still called The Dome, reflecting the substantial, and often adverse, publicity given to its building in the late 20th century.
The O2 was developed, inside the dome structure, by Anschutz Entertainment Group to a design by HOK SVE and Buro Happold in a £600 million development. The Anschutz Entertainment Group ( AEG) is a sporting and music entertainment presenter and a subsidiary of The Anschutz Corporation. Buro Happold is a professional services firm providing Engineering consultancy Design, planning project management and consulting services for all aspects of
In December 2001 it was announced that Meridian Delta Ltd had been chosen by the government to develop the Dome structure, originally the Millennium Dome, as a sports and entertainment centre, and to develop housing, shops and offices on 150 acres (0. The Millennium Dome, often referred to simply as The Dome, is the original name of a large Dome -shaped building originally used to house 6 km²) of surrounding land. It is also hoped to relocate some of London's tertiary education establishments to the site. Meridian Delta is backed by the American billionaire Philip Anschutz, who has interests in oil, railways, and telecommunications, as well as a string of sports-related investments.
Meridian Delta, a subsidiary of Quintain Estates and Lend Lease, had signed a 999-year lease for the Dome and its surrounding land with the government and English Partnerships, a UK governmental body for national regeneration which was assigned the regeneration of the Greenwich Peninsula. Lend Lease Corporation Limited is an Australian-based multinational property management and investment company English Partnerships (EP is the national regeneration agency for England, performing a similar role on a national level to that fulfilled by Regional Development Agencies The Dome site was then sub-leased to Anshutz Entertainment Group (AEG), who strongly support Meridian Delta, for a minimum of 58 years. English Partnerships leased the arena directly to AEG Europe for 58 years. AEG would develop and operate The O2 during the length of the lease agreements. The lease agreements were made in the agreement that the government would get a certain percentage of profits through English Partnerships. English Partnerships and Quintain Estates both own land around The O2 on the Greenwich Peninsula. They will release land in stages, to developers, and develop the area in a joint venture with the aid of Meridian Delta.  Some of the land is already being developed for offices and shops. The David Beckham Football Academy has already been developed on the Greenwich Peninsula. Some of the land around the dome is being reserved for possible extended developments for The O2 including a hotel although the building of much of the extended development depends on how much investment can be made by AEG (See below section about possible future developments for details). The O2 is a large entertainment district including an indoor arena a music club a cinema an exhibition space piazzas and bars and restaurants built within a large dome-shaped The development of the whole Greenwich peninsula area is likely to cost 4 billion pounds. 
As part of the investment programme, naming rights were sold to O2 plc; and 'The O2' became the official name of the project on 25 May 2007. Telefónica Europe plc is a European Telecommunications company providing both fixed and mobile communication products usually under the styled brand O2 Events 1085 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo Spain back from the Moors. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.  The £6 million a year deal between O2 plc and AEG also included priority tickets and reserved VIP accommodation for O2 mobile customers.  The service was also made available to premium ticket holders. O2 plc started talks with AEG in 2005 to have The O2's (mobile phone company) logo and its branding placed on the roof of the dome. As of yet, this has not yet been confirmed.  Anschutz Entertainment Group have constantly stated that they wish to abolish its name as 'The Dome' due to its bad reputation as a failed project, being tagged as 'The White Elephant. The Anschutz Entertainment Group ( AEG) is a sporting and music entertainment presenter and a subsidiary of The Anschutz Corporation. ' Since its opening, there have been signs of the press and public calling it The O2.  It is currently the largest entertainment district in London.  AEG recently began a mass advertising campaign, led by VCCP which was recently acquired by Chime Communications, throughout Europe including traditional advertising and creative advertising methods such as a ticket hunt competition to promote The O2, their is also partnered with and sponsored by ADT, AOL, NEC, Credit Suisse, InBev UK, BMW, Nestle, Pepsi Max and Vivitar. 
The development took place in the form of new buildings being built inside the dome structure to make it appear as an entertainment city within the dome. The dome structure was not changed as part of the construction with the exception of blue lights being added to the support poles and plasma displays being added to some of the large sculptures around the dome.  Construction started with the arena roof which was built on the ground and lifted as cranes could not be used in the dome structure. The construction then moved on to the arena building including the interior under the roof and the entertainment avenue around the arena building. A wide pathway between North Greenwich station and The O2 was also built as well as the Peninsula Square piazza in front of the dome structure for special events. A glass roof was also built over part of the pathway so that people can walk from the station to The O2 without getting wet in rain. A covered path was also built between the QE2 Pier and The O2's main entrance. Further developments of The O2 and its surrounding land may take place in the future (See below section about possible future developments for details). The O2 is a large entertainment district including an indoor arena a music club a cinema an exhibition space piazzas and bars and restaurants built within a large dome-shaped Buro Happold provided structural engineering for the project. Buro Happold is a professional services firm providing Engineering consultancy Design, planning project management and consulting services for all aspects of The main civil engineering and construction contract for the development was awarded to Sir Robert McAlpine. Sir Robert McAlpine Ltd is a private British company headquartered in London. Watson Steel Structures provided engineering for the 4500 tonne arena roof.  M-E Engineers were the building services engineers for the project. T. Clarke were the electrical contractors.  OR Consulting engineers set up a few interactive exhibitions within The O2.  Keller Ground engineering prepared the ground for construction. Special ground preparation was necessary due to the contaminated soils from the industrial works which existed at the site before the dome. Catalytic converters were also installed within the dome to prevent toxic gases due to the dome structure being left in place. The plant cylinders, containing services equipment, and some piles used for the original dome, were reused.  Financial consulting was provided by WT Partnership and EC Harris.  The Waterfront partnership provided legal support for the development and continues to do so for The O2.  Kerzner International helped with the development of the entertainment venues. 
Anschutz planned to build a 'super casino' as one of the attractions inside as this would create a huge investment for the company and would allow for many business opportunities and further developments of the dome area. A Regional Casino, more commonly known as a Super Casino (or occasionally known as Mega Casino or variants is the term given to the largest category of Casino The super casino was to be developed and operated by Kerzner International.  The association of the British Deputy Prime Minister, John Prescott, with Philip Anschutz, head of the entertainment group, gave rise to serious political controversy in Britain with allegations that Prescott may have used undue influence to support Anschutz's casino licence bid. A Deputy Prime Minister or Vice Prime Minister is in some countries a government minister who can take the position of acting Prime Minister when the John Leslie Prescott (born 31 May 1938 is a British Labour Party Politician, former Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Philip Frederick Anschutz (born 28 December 1939 in Russell Kansas) is an American businessman and supporter of conservative Christian Prescott had met with Anschutz on several occasions and even stayed in his ranch for a few days.  They were further criticised when the structure for the super-casino had already been built.  In January, 2007 the single trial licence for a British super casino was granted to Manchester. Thus AEG announced that the casino will not be built in the near future, and that there would not be enough investment for a high-rise hotel, designed by Richard Rodgers as well as a theatre, a cable car from Canary Wharf and an extended development that was planned adjacent to the dome structure will not be built.  AEG had previously stated that there was no alternative plan if the super casino could not be located in The O2. However the space reserved for the super casino is still being reserved for possible future developments.
AEG are still pushing for a super casino. They are now determined to fill the reserved space with a super casino, or if necessary with an alternative attraction, that would attract enough tourists staying overnight and bring in enough investment to allow for the second part of the development of the dome and its surrounding land to proceed.  The second phase of the development would include an extended development to The O2 including an attraction which would attract overnight visitors and a hotel outside the dome structure. A theatre (bravO2) and cable car may also be built, outside the dome structure, if enough investment can be made from an overnight attraction. It has been suggested that The O2 could be a cruise terminal as an alternative to a super casino, if the super casino is not possible.  In late 2007 Marine engineering consultancy, Beckett Rankine, were appointed to investigate the possibility of the cruise terminal being built.  The remaining land around The O2 entertainment district will be filled with shops and offices. Short term car parks are currently being built.
The O2 was opened on June 24, 2007 to the public with an opening concert by Bon Jovi in the arena. Events 972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces takes place Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.  Prior to opening some other events took place this included a soft opening for residents of the area who were free to explore the entertainment district and an opening for staff called "The O2 premiere". (See Music events for more details) An event featuring circus acts also took place on the day of the public opening as part of the Greenwich Festival. The O2 is a large entertainment district including an indoor arena a music club a cinema an exhibition space piazzas and bars and restaurants built within a large dome-shaped The event was called "Out of the Blue".
Various buildings are housed within the dome structure including an arena, known as The O2 arena and an Entertainment Avenue consisting of various entertainment venues. The O2 is a large entertainment district including an indoor arena a music club a cinema an exhibition space piazzas and bars and restaurants built within a large dome-shaped The O2 is a large entertainment district including an indoor arena a music club a cinema an exhibition space piazzas and bars and restaurants built within a large dome-shaped There is also a VIP club lounge, an operations room, a media centre with high definition facilities and a number of dressing rooms as well as a VIP entrance/exit for performers.
All the venues in the complex use the latest lighting, sound and security technology including RFID smart card tagging of all staff and VIP guests, and digitally managed sound.  There are 4 computer server rooms to provide this technology. 
As the O2 is in London low emission zone The O2 was designed to be environmentally friendly. Steps taken to reduce carbon emissions include waste food is composted while used cooking oil is recycled for biofuels.
Tight security was put in place throughout the complex including airport style scanners at the main entrance and separate security checks for everyone entering the arena building. Sniffer dogs, security personnel with handheld scanners and CCTV were also put into place. The opening of the Indigo2 was done by the Scarlet Fever Show, hosted by Chris Fitchew of Beau Production.
The Entertainment Avenue, managed by Montagu Estates, a Property Management company, is a modern wide pedestrian avenue within The O2, with artficial palm trees and other decorations, built around the circular arena building which takes up the centre of the dome structure. The entertainment avenue has buildings on either side, which are leased to tenants who run bars and restaurants just as in a Shopping mall or on the High Street, and resembles a shopping centre. The Music club is not leased to anyone and is operated by Ansco Music Club Limited (The business name of the indigO2 operated by AEG Europe).
The buildings on the Entertainment Avenue include a music club known as indigO2, an exhibition space known as The O2 bubble, a cinema managed by Vue and 25 various bars and restaurants with private hire and leisure facilities, with more opening soon. Vue is a cinema company in Ireland and the UK. The company was formed in May 2003 when SBC International Cinemas bought Warner Village  The Entertainment avenue also includes an ice rink known as The O2 ice pad, an indoor beach (for a limited time), areas for special events including the London Piazza, the main entrance area and Peninsula Square which is outside the main entrance of The O2 also exist as part of the entertainment avenue.  An event stall is available for performers to sell their merchandise. Fast Food stores have been banned from the development as the theme is 'aspirational but accessible' trying to avoid it being seen as a shopping mall but more like Covent Garden.  
indigO2, managed by Ansco Music Club limited which is the business name of the indigO2 part of AEG Europe, is a 2350 capacity live music club for smaller music events.  It contains four bars: two in the main ground floor area in front of the stage, one of which is sponsored by Beck's, one in the V. Beck's is a brand of the Brewery Brauerei Beck & Co in the north German city of Bremen. I. P lounge called the Purple Lounge and one in the stalls, called Bleachers. The downstairs area can be used for seating or standing. The Purple Lounge is not in direct view of the stage, but V. I. P guests have access to "Kings Row", the best seats in the venue. The circle is on the top floor, above "Kings Row". There are no seats with obstructed views.
So far, the venue has featured artists such as OMD, the Eagles, George Clinton, Jools Holland, CAKE, Natalie Cole, Delirious?, Aimee Mann, Joss Stone, Youssou N'Dour, Lucie Silvas, Beverly Knight, Timbaland, Chris Brown and the now legendary Prince aftershows. Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark (often abbreviated to OMD) are a Synthpop group whose founding members are originally from the Wirral Peninsula Julian Miles "Jools" Holland OBE, DL (born 24 January 1958) is an English Pianist, Bandleader Cake (officially capitalized " CAKE " is an American Alternative rock band from Sacramento, California which has had Natalie Cole (born Natalie Maria Cole on February 6 1950) is an influential American Singer-songwriter and performer who has Delirious? are an English Christian rock and worship band featuring Martin Smith on vocals and guitar Stuart Garrard (also known as Stu Aimee Mann (born September 8, 1960) is an American, rock Guitarist, bassist, Singer, and noted Songwriter Joss Stone (born Jocelyn Eve Stoker on 11 April 1987 is an English soul and R&B Singer-songwriter and actress. Youssou N'Dour (jusun̩ˈduːʀ (born October 1, 1959 in Dakar) is a Senegalese Singer and Percussionist. Lucie Silvas (born Lucie Joanne Silverman on September 4 1977 in Kingston-Upon-Thames, London) is an English Singer-songwriter Beverley Knight MBE (born March 22, 1973) is an English soul and R&B singer Songwriter, and Record Timothy Z Mosley (born March 10, 1971) better known by his Stage name Timbaland, is an American Record producer, Prince Rogers Nelson (born June 7 1958 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) is an American musician indigO2 is regularly used as the venue for private and public aftershow parties for artists that have performed in The O2 Arena. indigO2 has also hosted the album launch party for the Sugababes and The Q Awards nominations. Sugababes are a BRIT Award -winning English pop group trio from London. The Q Awards are the UK's annual music awards run by the music magazine Q. The venue also recently hosted "An Audience with Bill Clinton". William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19 1946 served as the forty-second President of the United States
The venue can also be hired and used for conferences and other private events. 
The O2 Bubble is a 2 floor bubble shaped exhibition space built to museum standards, which opened in November 2007. It is made from ETFE which is the same material used for the Eden Project. The Eden Project is a visitor attraction including the world's largest greenhouse The bubble itself is apparently based on the Eden Project.  Tutankhamen and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs is the first exhibition in the Bubble and is currently taking place.  The managers of the exhibition had previously refused to hold the exhibition here if a super casino had been built. Tight security will be in place at the venue including X-ray scanners at the entrance, sniffer dogs, CCTV monitoring and security personnel.
In 2009, the third floor of the bubble, which is currently unused, will become a permanent exhibition called the British Music Experience, which will feature a sixty year retrospective look at the rich culture of British Music. 
The cinema includes 11 screens over 2 levels including one 770 capacity auditorium (Screen 11) claiming to be the biggest in London, being over 22 metres wide.  It is England's first digital cinema, after the kino digital cinema company and this can also allow for live events to be shown. Every screen features a digital screen and projector, which has an optional lens with anamorphic technology. Anamorphic format is a term that can be used either for the Cinematography technique of capturing a Widescreen picture on standard 35 mm film, or other The projector is the NEC 2500 which is the world's brightest projector. The surround sound can go up to 8 channels. Films are played from a computer server. The technology is supplied by NEC.  Most screens are built in amphitheatre style and can be hired out for private use.  The cinema is currently competing for premieres and so there is a VIP room and a licensed bar.  A free pre-release screening of Die Hard 4. 0 was initially held in the première screen. The cinema successfully got the rights to host the UK premiere of The Simpsons Movie and High School Musical 2. The Simpsons Movie is a 2007 American animated Comedy film based on the animated television series The Simpsons High School Musical 2 is the Sequel to the Disney Channel Original Movie, High School Musical.  On Thursday 19 June 2008, The O2 will host the biggest film premiere in UK history, when an audience of 10,000 will see The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian. Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common For the book see Prince Caspian. For the video game see The Chronicles of Narnia Prince Caspian (video game. The cinema uses the new vista ticketing system, where tickets can be purchased from any stall selling refreshments. For this reason there is no box office dedicated to selling tickets only.
Special events or minor events which do not require or cannot be held in the indoor venues are held in the piazzas - The London Piazza, Peninsula Square which is outside the main entrance of The O2, the area around the main entrance and possibly on The O2 Ice Pad in the future. An indoor beach was be built on The London Piazza for a limited time.  Past special events at The O2 included a training session with Amir Khan. The Bars and restaurants can also be used for private events.
The O2 arena is located at the centre of The O2 and is the first American style multi-purpose arena in London. The O2 is a large entertainment district including an indoor arena a music club a cinema an exhibition space piazzas and bars and restaurants built within a large dome-shaped  With a capacity of 20,000 it is one of the largest indoor arenas in Europe.  The arena and its facilities are housed in an indepenendent building within the dome structure. Due to the impossibility of using cranes inside the dome structure the arena's roof was constructed on the ground within the dome and then lifted. The rest of the arena was built around the roof. The arena has hosted multiple music and sporting events and in 2008 exceeded ticket sales for both Madison Square Garden and the Manchester Evening News Arena. Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, and known colloquially as The Garden, has been the name of four Arenas in New York City. The Manchester Evening News Arena or MEN Arena (commonly referred to as just The M