|Tim Burton's The Nightmare Before Christmas|
Original Theatrical Poster
|Directed by||Henry Selick|
|Produced by||Tim Burton|
|Written by||Tim Burton (story)|
Caroline Thompson (screenplay)
Michael McDowell (adaptation)
Danny Elfman (lyrics)
|Music by||Danny Elfman|
|Distributed by||Touchstone Pictures (original version)|
Walt Disney Pictures (2006 remastered 3-D version)
|Release date(s)||October 22, 1993|
October 20, 2006 (remastered 3-D version)
October 19, 2007 (2007 remastered 3-D version)
|Running time||76 min. Henry Selick (born November 30 1952) is an American Stop motion director, producer and writer who is best known for directing Timothy "Tim" William Burton (born August 25 1958 is an American Film director, Screenwriter and Set designer, notable for the quirky Denise Di Novi (born 1956 is an American Film producer. Early life Her father Gene Di Novi is a musician who has worked with Doris Day, Lena Timothy "Tim" William Burton (born August 25 1958 is an American Film director, Screenwriter and Set designer, notable for the quirky Caroline Thompson (born 1956, Washington DC) is a Screenwriter and Film director. Michael McEachern McDowell (born 1 June 1950 in Enterprise Alabama, died 27 December 1999, Boston Massachusetts Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton Christopher Sarandon (born July 24 1942) is an Academy Award -nominated American Actor. Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton Catherine Anne O'Hara (born March 4, 1954) is a Canadian - American Emmy and Gemini Award William Edward Hickey ( September 19, 1927 – June 29, 1997) was an American actor William Glenn Shadix (born April 15, 1952) is an American Actor, known for his role as “Otho” in Tim Burton ’s horror/comedy Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton Touchstone Pictures is one of several alternate Film labels of The Walt Disney Company, established in 1984 Walt Disney Pictures refers to several different entities associated with The Walt Disney Company: Walt Disney Pictures, the film banner was established Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 202 BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) Events 1740 - Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.|
Tim Burton's The Nightmare Before Christmas is an animated musical 1993 film produced and written by Tim Burton, directed by Henry Selick and scored by Danny Elfman. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The bouncing ball animation (below consists of these 6 frames The musical film is a Film genre in which several Songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative Timothy "Tim" William Burton (born August 25 1958 is an American Film director, Screenwriter and Set designer, notable for the quirky Henry Selick (born November 30 1952) is an American Stop motion director, producer and writer who is best known for directing Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton The film was based on Burton's characters and original story. It came out with the 1993 short film, The Wrong Trousers. The Wrong Trousers is a 1993 Animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters
The film was a critical and commercial success, with particular praise awarded for the film's stop motion animation, musical score and original storyline. Stop motion (or frame-by-frame) animation is an Animation technique to make a physically manipulated object appear to move on its own Following its release, the film has earned a significant following, with merchandise, video games and other media dedicated to the film. The film has been theatrically re-released on several occasions since its original release, including two released remastered versions in Disney Digital 3-D. Disney Digital 3-D is a brand used by the The Walt Disney Company to describe digitally animated three-dimensional films shown exclusively using Digital projection It is rated PG for "some scary images" by the MPAA. Michael Eisner, the CEO of Disney, thought the film was too dark for children, so Disney decided to release the film under Touchstone Pictures. Michael Eisner (born March 7, 1942) was CEO of The Walt Disney Company from September 22, 1984 to September 30 A chief executive officer ( CEO) or chief executive is typically the highest-ranking corporate officer ( executive) or administrator Touchstone Pictures is one of several alternate Film labels of The Walt Disney Company, established in 1984 However, when the film was re-released in 2006 in Disney Digital 3D, it was released under the Walt Disney banner.
The film follows Jack Skellington, the leader of a holiday-themed world known as Halloween Town, who becomes bored of his repetitive lifestyle and eventually stumbles upon the world of Christmas Town; interested in the new world's culture, Jack attempts to combine the two holidays, with disastrous results. Jack Skellington is a skeleton known as the "Pumpkin King" of Halloween Town a fictional world based solely on the holiday of Halloween.
The film begins in Halloween Town, a magical world inhabited by various creatures who make elaborate plans for Halloween every year on October 31, hoping for each Halloween to be superior to the last ("This is Halloween"). Though the residents of Halloween Town are always eager for a trick or a good scare, they never truly mean to hurt anyone. The land is ruled by Jack Skellington, an undead skeleton who is thought to be the scariest being in the entire world. Jack Skellington is a skeleton known as the "Pumpkin King" of Halloween Town a fictional world based solely on the holiday of Halloween. Undead is a collective name for fictional beings that are deceased yet behave as if alive As the townspeople celebrate their annual ceremony, Jack wonders whether there is more to life than scaring people ("Jack's Lament"). A ceremony is an activity infused with Ritual significance performed on a special occasion Meanwhile, Sally, a Frankenstein's monster-like Rag Doll, pines for Jack from afar, although she is constantly thwarted by her domineering creator, Doctor Finklestein. Sally is a Fictional character in Tim Burton 's The Nightmare Before Christmas, and is the Frankenstein's monster (or Frankenstein's creature) is a Fictional character that first appeared in Mary Shelley 's novel Frankenstein or
While wandering in the hinterlands, Jack and his ghostly pet dog, Zero, encounter portals leading to other holiday-themed worlds. A ghost is said to be the apparition of a Deceased person frequently similar in appearance to that person and usually encountered in places she or he frequented A portal in fiction is a Magical or technological doorway that connects two distant locations Jack accidentally enters Christmas Town, a land of eternal winter, and is amazed by the population's joyfulness ("What's This?"). Jack, wishing to embrace this culture, quickly returns to Halloween Town, where he presents the townspeople with his slightly inaccurate impressions of Christmas. Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning "to cultivate" generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic While Jack may slightly understand Christmas, the townspeople do not understand it at all and relate everything Jack says to their ideas of Halloween. Interested in the holiday, the townspeople agree to celebrate Christmas this year ("Town Meeting Song").
Jack decides to operate the holiday, eventually becoming obsessed with Christmas and deciding to usurp the role of "Sandy Claws", as Jack mistakenly calls Santa Claus ("Jack's Obsession"). Santa Claus, also known as Saint Nicholas, Father Christmas, Kris Kringle, or simply " Santa " is the Santa Claus, also known as Saint Nicholas, Father Christmas, Kris Kringle, or simply " Santa " is the Every resident is assigned a task, including Sally, who alone of them believes that his plans will lead to ruin. There is some foreshadowing to suggest that she is correct; because the people of Halloween Town have lived all their lives by scaring people, the Christmas gifts and decorations they create are more frightening and grotesque than pleasing. Jack ignores Sally's warning and commissions her to create his Christmas outfit. Jack then assigns Lock, Shock, and Barrel, a trio of mischievous, child-like monsters representing trick-or-treaters, to transport 'Sandy Claws' to Halloween Town ("Kidnap the Sandy Claws"). A monster is any of a large number of Legendary creatures which usually appear in Mythology, Legend, or Horror fiction. They, after mistakenly capturing (and, on Jack's orders, returning) the Easter Bunny, successfully kidnap Santa. The Easter Bunny is the Ghost of a Rabbit who carries eggs and Candy to Children in a Basket on the Easter Against Jack's wishes and largely for their own amusement, the trio deliver Santa to the lair of Oogie Boogie, a gambling-addict boogey man who plots to play a game with Santa's life ("Oogie Boogie's Song"). Oogie Boogie is a fictional character and the main Antagonist in the Tim Burton -produced Disney movie The Nightmare Before Christmas The bogeyman, boogyman, bogyman, boogieman, boogey monster, or boogeyman, is a Folkloric or legendary Ghostlike
Christmas Eve arrives soon after. Christmas Eve, December 24, is the day before Christmas Day, the celebrated birthday of Jesus. Although Sally attempts to stop him, Jack embarks into the sky on a coffin-like sled pulled by skeletal reindeer (created by Finklestein), hoping to deliver presents to children around the world. While the townspeople are overjoyed, Sally wanders off alone to be miserable ("Sally's Song"). As Jack begins delivering gifts, children are horrified by their monstrous, animated presents, which include shrunken heads, man-eating wreaths, vampiric teddy bears, 30-foot snakes, and pull-string ducks dotted with bloody bullet holes. Their parents believe Jack to be an imposter attempting to imitate Santa, and the military is eventually commissioned to shoot Jack out of the sky. Jack crashes into a cemetery, where he eventually recovers from a faint. Although he is initially depressed, he realizes he is still the ruler of Halloween Town and can bring joy to the world in his own way ("Poor Jack").
Sally attempts to free Santa, only to be captured by Oogie Boogie. Just as they are about to be killed by immersion in a foul stew, Jack arrives and challenges their captor. Oogie Boogie flees, placing his complex, sophisticated, deadly gaming machines in Jack's path as obstacles. However, Oogie Boogie becomes tangled in one of his own machines and is (with Jack's assistance) split open, revealing himself to be merely an animated sackful of insects. Insects ( Class Insecta) are a major group of Arthropods and the most diverse group of Animals on the Earth with over a million described Most of Oogie's 'bugs' fall into the stew and are boiled alive. A green earwig attempts to flee, but is squashed by Santa. Earwigs is the common name given to the Insect order Dermaptera characterized by membranous wings folded underneath short leathery forewings
Freed, Santa reprimands Jack before setting off to correct Jack's Christmas by exchanging all of the frightening toys for more pleasant playthings. After Santa leaves, Jack asks Sally of how she had gotten into Ooogie's casino, Sally tries to tell Jack she wanted to help him, but only stutters, Jack then realizes that Sally loves him. Jack and Sally then return to Halloween Town, aided by the Mayor and a reformed Lock, Shock, and Barrel. Santa flies over Halloween Town and gives it snow as a gift to the town, signifying that there be no hard feelings between him and Jack. "Snowfall" redirects here For other uses see Snow (disambiguation or Snowfall (disambiguation. The townspeople are confused at first, but start to play in the snow, and soon realize that there is to the world more than just scaring people. Sally discovers that she has been replaced in Doctor Finklestein's service by another creation (who purposely bears a very strong resemblance to the Doctor himself), leaving her free to pursue Jack's attention. She picks a flower and heads towards Spiral Hill, and Jack notices she's leaving the celebration. As she sits on the hill, Jack follows her and the two realize they are 'simply meant to be. ' They then share a kiss while Zero contently looks on from afar ("Finale/Reprise").
|Character||English voice actor||French voice actor||German voice actor||Spanish voice actor||Italian voice actor||Japanese voice actor||Polish voice actor|
|Jack Skellington||Chris Sarandon/|
Danny Elfman (singing)
|Olivier Constantin||Alexander Goebel||Antonio Miguel Fernández Ramos|
Tony Cruz (singing)
|Renato Zero||Masachika Ichimura||Wojciech Paszkowski|
|Sally||Catherine O'Hara||Dorothée Jemma|
Nina Morato (singing)
|Nina Hagen||Ángela González|
María Caneda (singing)
|Yūko Doi||Joanna Węgrzynowska|
|Doctor Finklestein||William Hickey||Bernard Tiphaine||Fred Maire||Simón Ramírez||Francesco Vairano||Yūji Mitsuya||Mieczysław Morański|
|Mayor of Halloween Town||Glenn Shadix||Daniel Beretta||Michael Gahr||Juan Miguel Cuesta|
Javier Pontón (singing)
|Giorgio López||Tōru Ōhira||Zbigniew Konopka|
|Oogie Boogie||Ken Page||Richard Darbois||Ron Williams||Jesús Castejón||Ennio Coltorti|
Andrea Surdi (singing)
|Atomu Kobayashi||Krzysztof Kołbasiuk|
|Lock||Paul Reubens||Michel Costa||Niko Macoulis||N/A||N/A||Shintarō Sonōka||Jacek Wolszczak|
|Shock||Catherine O'Hara||Céline Monsarrat||Katrin Fröhlich||Natalia Sosa||Monica Ward||Yūko Doi||Beata Wyrąbczkiewicz|
|Barrel||Danny Elfman||Bertrand Liébert||Crock Krumbiegel||Raúl Aldana||N/A||Shigeo Mazawa||Tomasz Steciuk|
|Sandy Claws||Ed Ivory||Henri Poirier||Manfred Lichtenfeld||Julio Núñez||Silvio Spaccesi||Tomoaki Nagae||Andrzej Chudy|
On the soundtrack album, Patrick Stewart voices the opening narrative poem. This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. The are the dominant Ethnic group of Japan. Worldwide approximately 130 million people are of Japanese descent of these approximately 127 million are residents of Japan Polish ( język polski, polszczyzna) is the Official language of Poland. Jack Skellington is a skeleton known as the "Pumpkin King" of Halloween Town a fictional world based solely on the holiday of Halloween. Christopher Sarandon (born July 24 1942) is an Academy Award -nominated American Actor. Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton Renato Zero is the stage name of Renato Fiacchini (born September 30, 1950) an Italian Singer-songwriter ( January 28, 1949 -) is a Japanese Voice actor ( Seiyū) and musical singer Sally is a Fictional character in Tim Burton 's The Nightmare Before Christmas, and is the Catherine Anne O'Hara (born March 4, 1954) is a Canadian - American Emmy and Gemini Award Dorothée Jemma is a French voice actress specializing in dubbing Nina Hagen (born Catharina Hagen on March 11, 1955) is a singer from Berlin, Germany. Doctor Finklestein is a Fictional character from the film The Nightmare Before Christmas. William Edward Hickey ( September 19, 1927 – June 29, 1997) was an American actor Bernard Tiphaine is a French actor born on July 27, 1938 in Paris. ( October 18, 1954 -) is an Actor, Seiyū, and sound supervisor from Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture who is affiliated with Bring Up The Mayor (known by no other name is a Fictional character who appears in the film The Nightmare Before Christmas William Glenn Shadix (born April 15, 1952) is an American Actor, known for his role as “Otho” in Tim Burton ’s horror/comedy Daniel Beretta ( December 24, 1946 in Audincourt -) is a French actor and voice actor ( September 24, 1929 -) is a male Actor and Seiyū from the Tokyo Metropolitan area Oogie Boogie is a fictional character and the main Antagonist in the Tim Burton -produced Disney movie The Nightmare Before Christmas Ken Page (born in January 20, 1954) is an American Singer and Actor from St Richard Darbois is a French Actor born on December 7, 1951 in Montreal, Canada. Ronald Allen Williams is the Chief Executive Officer of Aetna corporation Lock Shock and Barrel are fictional characters in the animated movie The Nightmare Before Christmas. Lock Shock and Barrel are fictional characters in the animated movie The Nightmare Before Christmas. Catherine Anne O'Hara (born March 4, 1954) is a Canadian - American Emmy and Gemini Award Céline Monsarrat is a French Actress best known for her voice dubbing work Lock Shock and Barrel are fictional characters in the animated movie The Nightmare Before Christmas. Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton Santa Claus, also known as Saint Nicholas, Father Christmas, Kris Kringle, or simply " Santa " is the The Nightmare Before Christmas (also known as Tim Burton's The Nightmare Before Christmas) is a 1993 stop-motion Fantasy Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise Gregory Everett Proops (born October 3, 1959) is an American Actor and stand-up comedian, who works largely in Europe as This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise Carmen Twillie is a studio singer and actress not to be confused with the Douglass College dean of the same name This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise This is a list of characters seen in The Nightmare Before Christmas franchise The Nightmare Before Christmas Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the 1993 soundtrack to the film of the same name. Patrick Hewes Stewart, OBE (born 13 July 1940 is an English Film, Television and stage Actor. A second poem, also read by Stewart, is included before the end credits music; in this passage, the narrator describes a visit he made to Halloween Town many years after the events of the film, where he finds Jack with "four or five skeleton children at hand". The narrator asks Jack if given the chance, knowing what he knows now and knowing what he knew then, if he would do it all over again, and Jack smiles and asks, "Wouldn't you?".
The original ideas for the film came to Tim Burton while working as an animator for Disney. An animator is an Artist who creates multiple images called frames and Key frames that form an illusion of movement called Animation when rapidly displayed While at work, Burton scribbled out the poem on a piece of paper as well as a few drawings. These initial versions only included Jack, Zero and Sandy Claws. Jack Skellington is a skeleton known as the "Pumpkin King" of Halloween Town a fictional world based solely on the holiday of Halloween.  Burton did pitch the film to Walt Disney Feature Animation as a traditionally-animated project.
Burton has stated that he was inspired by being at a store and seeing them taking down the Halloween merchandise and changing it out for Christmas displays: the juxtaposition of ghouls and goblins with Santa Claus and his reindeer sparked his imagination.  Burton also loved holiday movies such as How The Grinch Stole Christmas and Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer. How the Grinch Stole Christmas! is one of the best-known children's books by Dr Rudolph the Red–Nosed Reindeer is a long-running Christmas Television special produced in Stop motion Animation by Rankin/Bass In an interview, he described The Nightmare Before Christmas as almost an opposite of The Grinch, because instead of wanting to destroy Christmas, Jack accidentally destroys it while trying to celebrate it.
The Nightmare Before Christmas marked the first time that a stop-motion movie had been attempted at this scale. Stop motion (or frame-by-frame) animation is an Animation technique to make a physically manipulated object appear to move on its own Because of this fact, a great deal of imagination and inventiveness had to be used in making the film. In order to produce the film, Tim Burton assembled a hand-picked group of animators, artists, and crew members to work on the film and founded a production company called Skellington Studios. As an artist himself, Burton was very involved in the production process, guiding the production crew as to the way the film should look and feel, even limiting them to orange, black and white as the primary colors of Halloween Town. Burton also encouraged the artists to not use their dominant hands so as to give their drawings his trademark feel.
Once the sets had been approved they were then made into half scale mock-ups out of cardboard. These were then used as guidelines to build the actual sets. The puppets were constructed with a detailed metal armature as a skeleton, and then placed into molds which were injected with a foam latex. In Sculpture, an armature is a framework around which the sculpture is built LaTeX (ˈleɪtɛ From there they were sent to the fabrication department to be painted and finished. Multiple puppets were made of most of the characters so that they could cycle between the set and fabrication for touch ups.
The crew often had to improvise solutions to problems that they encountered during production. One of these problems was to give facial expressions to the puppets and making them speak. This was accomplished in a number of different fashions. Some puppets had mouths that were moved manually while some of the main puppets, such as Jack, were given hundreds of replaceable heads so that they could have a greater range of expression. The puppet for Sally was given interchangeable masks that were integrated behind her hairline because her hair was too long to be sculpted for the number of heads that would be needed. Another problem that was faced was allowing the animators to work on the sets. Because some of the sets were so large, the animators were worried that they would have to reach too far to move the puppets. This problem was solved by building the sets in different sections that could be separated when an animator was working and then placed back together for the shot.
The actual production of filming was a very slow and grueling process, taking over 3 years to finish. The animators worked on multiple sound stages at once to improve productivity on the film but a week’s work was still only a minute’s worth of actual film. A sound stage is a soundproof Hangar -like structure building or room used for the production of theatrical motion pictures and Television shows The animators had to be very cautious on the sets as a simple thing such as a bump to one of the puppets could ruin a shot and they would have to start from scratch.
At the finish of the production of the film, the sets and puppets all faced different fates. Henry Selick kept a great deal of props from the film in his personal collection, and some of the animators also took home the puppets. Many of the sets were simply discarded as there were so many of them and they took up a great deal of space. A number of the puppets with a more human like structure were cut open and the armature taken out, as they were custom made and expensive. The Town Hall can currently be seen on display by the staircase leading from the ground to the 1st floor at Planet Hollywood in Downtown Disney, Orlando, Florida. Planet Hollywood, a Theme restaurant chain inspired by the popular portrayal of Hollywood, was launched in New York on October 22,
A 2-disc special edition is scheduled to be released on August 26, 2008 with a digital copy and extra bonus features.
An Ultimate Collector's Edition DVD is scheduled to be available for August 26, 2008. DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is Along with the film, the DVD with include special features.
A scheduled Blu-ray release will be available on August 26, 2008. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common It will include a digital copy of the film, and expected to be in 3-D along with the DVD re-release and the Ultimate Collector's Edition. DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is
Composed by Danny Elfman, the score was nominated for the 1993 Golden Globe for best original score. The Nightmare Before Christmas Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the 1993 soundtrack to the film of the same name. Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and Television programs given out each year during a formal dinner For the film's 2006 re-release in Disney Digital 3-D, a 2-disc special edition of the soundtrack was released, featuring covers of several of the film's songs by Fall Out Boy, Panic! at the Disco, Marilyn Manson, Fiona Apple, and She Wants Revenge. Disney Digital 3-D is a brand used by the The Walt Disney Company to describe digitally animated three-dimensional films shown exclusively using Digital projection Fall Out Boy is an American Pop punk band from Wilmette, Illinois (a suburb of Chicago) that formed in 2001 Panic at the Disco (formerly known as Panic! at the Disco) is a Rock band that originated in Las Vegas Nevada, USA. Brian Hugh Warner (born January 5, 1969) better known by his Stage name Marilyn Manson, is an American Musician and Fiona Apple (born Fiona Apple McAfee Maggart on September 13, 1977) is a Grammy-winning American Singer-songwriter. She Wants Revenge is an American band based in San Fernando Valley, California.
The Nightmare Before Christmas opened on October 15, 1993 to very positive reviews. Events 533 - Byzantine General Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) Roger Ebert awarded the film three-and-a-half stars (Out of four), praising the film as an "enormous achievement. Roger Joseph Ebert (iːbɝt born June 18, 1942) is an American film critic and Screenwriter. " He went on to compare the film's fantasy elements to that of Metropolis and Star Wars writing that the film features "visual richness so abundant, [the film] deserves more than one viewing. Metropolis is a silent Science fiction film directed by Fritz Lang and written by Lang and Thea von Harbou. Star Wars is an epic Space opera franchise initially conceived by George Lucas during the 1970s and significantly expanded " Popular critic James Berardinelli shared this opinion, writing that "The Nightmare Before Christmas has something to offer just about everyone. James Berardinelli (born September 1967 is an Online Film critic. " He stated that "the film is designed for all but the youngest children" and praised the film as "an amazing achievement. " 
However, a select few critics remained unimpressed, believing the film favored visual effects over a good storyline. Critic Robert Roten awarded the film a C+, believing the film "fell short" of the "warmth and humor" of Burton's previous film, Edward Scissorhands. Edward Scissorhands is a 1990 American Fantasy film, written by Tim Burton and Caroline Thompson, and directed by Although he believed the film to be "very clever," he ultimately concluded that "it never lives up to the promise of its visual brilliance. " Even Berardinelli, who awarded the film three-and-a-half stars (out of four), believed the film's musical score to be seriously flawed. He negatively compared the film's musical numbers to that of Beauty and the Beast and Aladdin, writing that "the tunes are uniformly unmemorable. BATB redirects here If you were looking for Back at the Barnyard which is abbreviated as BATB see here. Aladdin is a 1992 animated feature produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and released by Walt Disney Pictures on November 25 " He ultimately believed the poor musical numbers represented the film's "most serious failing. "
The Nightmare Before Christmas opened in two theaters and grossed $191,232 for a per-theater average of $95,616, which stands as the thirteenth-highest opening weekend average on record. Two weeks later, the film opened in 1,654 theaters and grossed $8. 2 million, becoming the number-one film in the United States for two weeks. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The film eventually grossed over $50 million domestically, which would equal over $79. 46 million adjusted for inflation. On October 27, 2000, the film was re-issued in 72 theaters but failed to match the success of the film's initial release; it ultimately grossed just $376,586 domestically and did not receive a worldwide release. Events 312 - Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.
The film was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score in 1994, competing alongside Schindler's List and The Piano, though it was defeated by Kitaro's composition for Heaven & Earth. This page lists the winners and nominees for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score, since its institution in 1947 Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) Schindler's List is a Biographical film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Steven Zaillian. The Piano is a 1993 Film about a mute pianist and her daughter set during the mid-19th century in a rainy muddy frontier New Zealand backwater Kitarō (喜多郎 (born Masanori Takahashi (高橋正則 Takahashi Masanori) is a Grammy award-winning Japanese Musician, Composer Heaven & Earth is a 1993 film written and directed by Oliver Stone, and starring Tommy Lee Jones, Haing S  In the same year, the film was nominated for the Academy Award for Visual Effects, a rare honor for an animated film, though it was defeated by Jurassic Park. The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in Visual effects Jurassic Park is a 1993 Science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg and based on the novel of the same name by Michael 
On October 20, 2006, the film was again re-released in select theaters, albeit in a much different format; the film was converted into Disney Digital 3-D, recreating the film's appearance and attempting to enhance the movie-going experience. Events 1740 - Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Disney Digital 3-D is a brand used by the The Walt Disney Company to describe digitally animated three-dimensional films shown exclusively using Digital projection Opening in 168 theaters, the film grossed $3. 2 million for a per-theater average of $19,505, which stood as the highest per-theater average of any film opening that weekend.  Although the film was front-loaded, it was still very successful, grossing $8. 7 million overall. The film was again released in 3-D the following year, and grossed a larger $14. 5 million overall.  It will be rereleased as a 2-disc special edition DVD and Blu-ray in fall 2008.
For the past five years, the Disneyland in California and Tokyo Disneyland in Japan have received a Nightmare Before Christmas themed overlay, entitled The Haunted Mansion Holiday in California and Holiday Nightmare in Japan, for their Haunted Mansion attractions. Haunted Mansion Holiday is a seasonal attraction at the Disneyland park in California and Japan. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. is a 115 acre (466535 m² Theme park at the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. This article relates to the theme-park attraction For the film of the same name see The Haunted Mansion (film. The attractions are closed in September (August at Tokyo) each year for themes to be completely transformed, and open again themed in late September until January of the next year. The attraction generally has a one night opening event each year that includes special guests, a dinner, special merchandise, and a ride through the attraction, although the Happiest Celebration on Earth halted that in Disneyland in 2005. The Happiest Homecoming on Earth was the eighteen-month-long celebration (May 5 2005 through September 30 2006 of the fiftieth anniversary of the Disneyland Theme park Starting in 2001, the ride has included a score that incorporates music from the film, written by film composer Danny Elfman, and adapted specifically for the ride by John Debney. Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton John Debney (born in Glendale California, 18 August 1956) is an award-winning American film composer who received an Academy Award 
On October 19, 2007, The film was Re-released in digital 3-D. It came out in theaters. The film had been revamped and enhanced for the full 3-D experience.
A collectible card game and a board game based on the movie were released in 2005 and 2004 respectively. Collectible card games (CCGs also called trading card games (TCGs or customizable card games (CCGs are played using specially designed sets of cards A board game is a Game in which counters or pieces that are placed on removed from or moved across a "board" (a premarked surface usually specific to that game The Nightmare Before Christmas Trading Card Game and Tim Burton's The Nightmare Before Christmas Game were both produced by NECA. Released in 2005 by NECA The Nightmare Before Christmas TCG is a Collectible card game based on the movie Nightmare Before Christmas
The characters of The Nightmare Before Christmas have also appeared in the realm of comic books, more specifically in manga. A comic book (often shortened to simply comic and sometimes called a comic paper or comic magazine) is a Magazine or Book of narrative ˈmɑŋgə is the Japanese word for Comics (sometimes called komikku コミック and print Cartoons In their modern form manga date from shortly An adaptation of the movie by Jun Asaga was published by Kodansha and later translated in English by Disney Press. is the largest Japanese publisher headquartered in ( Bunkyo) Tokyo. Despite its popularity in the game Kingdom Hearts, the world "Halloween Town" failed to appear in the manga adaptation of the game, causing many to turn away from the manga by Shiro Amano, published by Bros. is an Action role-playing game developed and published by Squaresoft (now Square Enix) in 2002 for the PlayStation 2 Video game console is a Japanese Mangaka who has worked on several projects including his adaption on the popular ''Kingdom Hearts'' series. Comics EX (and later translated into English by Tokyopop). For the music movie see Tokyo Pop. Tokyopop, stylized TOKYOPOP, and formerly known as Mixx, is a distributor licensor An allusion to the movie is also provided in the manga The Wallflower by Tomoko Hayakawa. is a Manga series written by Tomoko Hayakawa. The individual chapters have been serialized in Bessatsu Friend since its premiere in 2000 and in 21