|The Long Goodbye|
|Directed by||Robert Altman|
|Produced by||Jerry Bick|
Nina Van Pallandt
|Music by||John Williams|
|Editing by||Lou Lombardo|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Release date(s)||March 7, 1973|
(U. Robert Bernard Altman (February 20 1925 – November 20 2006 was an American Film director known for making films that are highly naturalistic, but with Raymond Thornton Chandler ( July 23, 1888 &ndash March 26, 1959) was an American Author of crime stories and novels Leigh Douglass Brackett ( December 7, 1915, in Los Angeles California &ndash March 18, 1978) was a female writer of Science Elliott Gould (born August 29, 1938) is an Academy Award -nominated American actor Baroness Nina van Pallandt (born July 15 1932) is a Danish singer and actress Sterling Hayden ( March 26, 1916 – May 23, 1986) was an American Actor and Author. John Towner Williams (born February 8 1932) is an American Composer, conductor and Pianist. Vilmos Zsigmond, ASC (born June 16, 1930) is a Hungarian - American Cinematographer. This article is about the film studio Previously it was affiliated with a cinema chain bearing its name now owned by Regal Entertainment Group. Events 161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. S. A. )
|Running time||112 minutes|
The Long Goodbye (1973) is a film adaptation of Raymond Chandler's novel The Long Goodbye. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The year 1973 in film involved some significant events Events The Marx Brothers ' Zeppo Marx divorces his second Raymond Thornton Chandler ( July 23, 1888 &ndash March 26, 1959) was an American Author of crime stories and novels The Long Goodbye (ISBN 0-394-75768-8 is a 1953 novel by Raymond Chandler, centered on his famous detective Philip Marlowe. Directed by Robert Altman from a screenplay by Leigh Brackett, the film stars Elliott Gould as Philip Marlowe, film noir veteran Sterling Hayden as Roger Wade and director Mark Rydell as the gangster Marty Augustine. Robert Bernard Altman (February 20 1925 – November 20 2006 was an American Film director known for making films that are highly naturalistic, but with Leigh Douglass Brackett ( December 7, 1915, in Los Angeles California &ndash March 18, 1978) was a female writer of Science Elliott Gould (born August 29, 1938) is an Academy Award -nominated American actor Philip Marlowe is a fictional character created by Raymond Chandler in a series of novels including The Big Sleep and The Long Goodbye Film noir is a cinematic term used primarily to describe stylish Hollywood crime dramas, particularly those that emphasize moral ambiguity and sexual motivation Sterling Hayden ( March 26, 1916 – May 23, 1986) was an American Actor and Author. Mark Rydell (born March 23, 1934 in New York City) is an American Actor, Film director and producer. The Long Goodbye holds up a mirror to the culture of the Hollywood lifestyle in the 1970s. This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. The film is "a study of a moral and decent man cast adrift in a selfish, self-obsessed society where lives can be thrown away without a backward glance. . . and any notions of friendship and loyalty are meaningless"
Leigh Brackett was also one of the screenwriters on the 1946 film The Big Sleep, also based on a Chandler novel. Leigh Douglass Brackett ( December 7, 1915, in Los Angeles California &ndash March 18, 1978) was a female writer of Science The Big Sleep ( 1946) directed by Howard Hawks, is the first film version of Raymond Chandler 's novel of the same name (1939
Unlike the novel, which is set in the 1950s, the film is set in the 1970s. The 1950s Decade refers to the years of 1950 to 1959 inclusive This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970.
While trying in vain to feed his cat late one night, private investigator Philip Marlowe (Gould) receives a visit from his friend, Terry Lennox (Bouton). Lennox asks Marlowe to drive him to Tijuana, Mexico. Tijuana (ˌtiːəˈwɑːnə Spanish, ti'xwana|ti'ʍana is the largest city of the Mexican state of Baja California, situated on the U When he returns home, the police are waiting for him and claim that Lennox brutally murdered his wife. Marlowe does not believe that his good friend is a murderer and refuses to tell the police anything. After three days in jail, he's released when the police inform him that Lennox committed suicide in Mexico. It's an open and shut case but something doesn't quite sit right with Marlowe.
He is subsequently hired by the wealthy Eileen Wade (Pallandt) to find her alcoholic husband, Roger Wade (Hayden), a famous author with a Hemingway complex. Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21 1899 — July 2 1961 was an American novelist short-story writer, and Journalist. Marlowe learns that the Wades knew the Lennoxes and that there is more to Terry's suicide and his wife's murder than initially reported.
Producers Jerry Bick and Elliott Kastner had acquired the rights to the novel and made a deal with United Artists. They commissioned Leigh Brackett to write the screenplay and approached Howard Hawks and Peter Bogdanovich to direct. Howard Winchester Hawks ( May 30, 1896 &ndash December 26, 1977) was an American Film director, producer and Peter Bogdanovich ( Serbian Cyrillic: Петар Богдановић Latin: Petar Bogdanović (born July 30, 1939, is an American 
Both filmmakers turned the producers down but Bogdanovich recommended Altman who, initially, wasn't interested until they let him cast Elliott Gould to play Marlowe. Originally, the producers had wanted either Robert Mitchum or Lee Marvin to play Marlowe. Robert Charles Durman Mitchum ( August 6, 1917 &ndash July 1, 1997) was an Academy Award nominated American film Lee Marvin ( February 19, 1924 &ndash August 29, 1987) was an American Film actor At the time, the actor had fallen out of favor after several unsuccessful films, including A Glimpse of Tiger where he had bickered with co-star Kim Darby, exchanged blows with director Anthony Harvey and displayed erratic behaviour. Kim Darby (born July 8, 1947) is an American Actress. Biography Darby was born Deborah Zerby in Los Angeles Anthony Harvey (born June 3, 1931) is a British film editor and director. 
He hadn't worked for two years as a result. However, Altman had faith in Gould and convinced Bick that he was perfect for the role. The studio not only made Gould do the requisite physical before approving his contract but they also demanded he undergo a psychological examination to prove that he was stable enough to make the movie.
Altman based his research for the film's screenplay not on the novel but on Raymond Chandler Speaking, a collection of letters. The director then had everyone who worked on the production read them as well. In an article entitled, "Robert Altman: American Innovator," he said of the collection of letters, "But he [Chandler] used this thread to hang about sixty thumbnail essays on, so the real interest in Raymond Chandler, to me, were those essays. We tightened the plot up; I dropped half the characters, probably; then I used that line to hang a bunch of film essays on. " The most significant change that he and Brackett made was with the ending. She remembered, "The original ending, the one in the novel, was pretty inconclusive and didn't please any of us, so we thought we'd go for broke and see what happened. "
The actual plot deviates drastically from Raymond Chandler's novel The Long Goodbye. Raymond Thornton Chandler ( July 23, 1888 &ndash March 26, 1959) was an American Author of crime stories and novels The Long Goodbye (ISBN 0-394-75768-8 is a 1953 novel by Raymond Chandler, centered on his famous detective Philip Marlowe. Leigh Brackett took a few liberties when adapting the book into a screenplay. Marlowe's killing his best friend Terry Lennox at the end of the film -- which was taken from Dirty Harry -- was a major departure from the book. Dirty Harry is a 1971 Crime film produced and directed by Don Siegel. The role of Sylvia Lennox's rich father was eliminated from the storyline for the film. Roger Wade's suicide was originally a murder in the novel. Marty Augustine is not in the novel, and his role and subplots were added specifically for the film.
The film pokes fun at Hollywood stereotypes, opening and closing with the original version of Hooray for Hollywood — in the opening shot old art of the Hollywood Hills is shown, and the camera pans to Marlowe, now in the 1970s. " Hooray for Hollywood " is a film Song first featured in the 1937 movie Hollywood Hotel, and which has since become the staple soundtrack The Hollywood Hills, an unofficial designation of part of Los Angeles, California, United States, are part of the eastern section of the low transverse Marlowe ("Rip Van Marlowe"), is a relic of the 1940s transplanted to the 1970s. Marlowe himself refers to the artifice when talking to the cops: "Is this where I'm supposed to say 'What's all this about?' and he says 'Shut up, I ask the questions'?"
The film is often washed out, with weak colors. Altman and his cinematographer, Vilmos Zsigmond, intentionally partially exposed the negatives. Vilmos Zsigmond, ASC (born June 16, 1930) is a Hungarian - American Cinematographer. Many shots were through windows or (in at least one scene) a cage, often reflected in windows.
Originally Dan Blocker, who played the character of Hoss in Bonanza and was a close friend of director Robert Altman, was chosen to play the character of Roger Wade, but he died before filming began. Dan Blocker ( December 10 1928 &ndash May 13 1972) was an American Actor best remembered for his role as Eric 'Hoss' Bonanza is an American television series that ran on NBC from September 12 1959 to January 16 1973 Robert Bernard Altman (February 20 1925 – November 20 2006 was an American Film director known for making films that are highly naturalistic, but with The film is dedicated to Dan Blocker.
Elliott Gould lights a cigarette in every single scene he appears in in the movie. He is also the only character who smokes.
Initial reviews for the film were mixed and the box-office returns were poor, on account of the unconventional changes from the novel. Sight and Sound and The Film Quarterly attacked the depiction of Marlowe stating that "one can not satirize or destroy a hero image until one defines it" (Gerald Plecki, "Robert Altman"). Some critics objected to a 1970's Marlowe characterized differently by an ending changed from the book. Altman liked the new ending so much that he insisted on a clause in his contract that guaranteed the ending wouldn't be changed during production or editing. The act of cold violence and Gould's sloppy, boyish Marlowe was a clear attempt to distance the movie from Bogart's The Big Sleep. The Big Sleep ( 1946) directed by Howard Hawks, is the first film version of Raymond Chandler 's novel of the same name (1939 Other reviewers compared the film favorably to other Altman films. A New York Times review of the film, by critic Vincent Canby in 1973, noted "Don't be misled by the ads, The Long Goodbye is not a put-on. Vincent Canby ( July 27 1924 &ndash September 15 2000) was an American film critic. It's great fun and it's funny, but it's a serious, unique work. "
After early critical reaction to the film was so bad, United Artists pulled it from distribution, analyzing the scathing reviews for six months. They came to the conclusion that the ad campaign had been misleading. The studio had promoted Altman's film as a detective story with an emphasis on the names "Raymond Chandler" and "Philip Marlowe. " The director decided that a new ad campaign "had to prepare audiences for a movie that satirizes Hollywood and the entire Chandler genre. So I went to Mad magazine and asked Jack Davis, the artist, to come up with a cartoon approach. Mad is a monthly American Humor Magazine founded by editor Harvey Kurtzman and publisher William Gaines in 1952 Jack Davis (b December 2, 1924, Atlanta Georgia) is an American Cartoonist and Illustrator. "
United Artists spent $40,000 on a new campaign for the film's New York City premiere (where it did quite well) and for the rest of the country (where it continued to do poorly). The New York Times put Altman's film on their Ten Best List of the year and Vilmos Zsigmond won the National Society of Film Critics' award as Best Cinematographer. The National Society of Film Critics or NSFC is an American Film critic organization
With time The Long Goodbye was more widely accepted, regarded by one critic as "the Altman master work" (Gerald Plecki, "Robert Altman").
The soundtrack of the film consists of two songs, the aforementioned "Hooray for Hollywood" and a song titled "The Long Goodbye," composed by John Williams and Johnny Mercer. John Towner Williams (born February 8 1932) is an American Composer, conductor and Pianist. John Herndon "Johnny" Mercer ( November 18, 1909 – June 25, 1976) was an American Songwriter and Singer Each time the song is used it is played in a very different arrangement and instrumentation, from hippie chant to store muzak, making it at times almost unrecognizable. The score has been released on CD by Varese Sarabande on the same disc as Williams's Fitzwilly. A Compact Disc (also known as a CD) is an Optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio Varèse Sarabande is a Record label which specializes in Film scores and original cast recordings. Fitzwilly is a 1967 film by Delbert Mann, based on Poyntz Tyler 's Novel, A Garden of Cucumbers, adapted for