The Lincoln and Welland Regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces based in St. Catharines and Welland, Ontario. The Primary Reserve is a reserve force of the Canadian Forces. The Infantry is the oldest and most numerous of the Combat Arms in the Armed forces, and consists A regiment is a Military unit, composed of a variable number of Battalions – commanded by a Colonel. The Canadian Forces (CF ( French: Forces canadiennes) are the unified Armed forces of Canada, governed by the National Defence Welland (formally The Corporation of the City of Welland; 2006 population 50331) is a city in the Regional Municipality of
The Regimental Colonel-in-Chief is HRH The Countess of Wessex and the regimental motto is Non Nobis Sed Patriæ, "Not for ourselves but for our country". Sophie Countess of Wessex ( née Rhys-Jones, born 20 January 1965 is a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of Prince Edward Earl of Wessex
The history of the regiment can be traced to the raising of Butler's Rangers on 15 September 1777. Butler's Rangers (1777–1784 was a British provincial regiment composed of Loyalists (or "Tories" in the American Revolutionary War, raised by Loyalist Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy. Year 1777 ( MDCCLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Major John Butler, an officer in the Indian Department, was a Loyalist from the Mohawk Valley in New York. For other people named John Butler see the John Butler disambiguation page New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous After the Battle of Oriskany, he convinced Sir Guy Carleton that a Ranger unit should be raised to fight on the frontiers in conjunction with the Indians. Background See also [[Battle of Saratoga]] [[Battle of Bennington]] A two-pronged attack known as the Saratoga Campaign of 1777, was launched by the Guy Carleton 1st Baron Dorchester, KB ( Strabane, Co Tyrone Ireland September 3, 1722 &ndash November 10, 1808 Stubbings He eventually raised 10 companies and some 800 men served in the Rangers. The Corps fought on the frontiers of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, West Virginia, Ohio and Kentucky. On disbandment at Fort Niagara on 24 June 1784, it had ten companies with a strength of 469 all ranks. Fort Niagara is a fortification originally built to protect the interests of New France in North America. Events 972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces takes place Year 1784 ( MDCCLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year John Butler, now a prominent leader in Niagara, was appointed Commanding Officer of three battalions of Nassau Militia. Nassau (later Home District) was one of the Districts of Upper Canada, Niagara being only part of the district. By 1791 the battalions had a strength of 835 all ranks.
With the reorganization of the province into sixteen counties in 1792, Lincoln County (with 20 townships) came into existence. The militia was renamed and the Lincoln Militia, with three battalions came into being, some 849 strong. By 1794, Butler was a full Colonel with four battalions reporting 976 all ranks. Most of the officers and a great many of the NCOs and men had served in the Rangers and had received land grants in Niagara for this service.
By 1808, there were five regiments of Lincoln Militia. 1st Regiment, commanded by Col. Ralfe Clench and Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Kerr, drawn from Niagara, Louth and Grantham townships. 2nd Regiment, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Ball, drawn from Stamford, Thorold and Pelham. 3rd Regiment, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Warren, from Crowland, Willoughby and Bertie. 4th Regiment commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Johnson Butler from Grimsby and Clinton. 5th Regiment commanded by Colonel Peter Hare and Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Brandt from Ancaster, Barton, Saltfleet, Glanford and Binbrook.
At the outbreak of the War of 1812, flank companies (limited to 3 officers and 38 men), composed mostly of volunteers, of those regiments took the field in all major engagements from Niagara to Detroit including the battles of Queenston Heights, Lundy's Lane, Stoney Creek and Fort Detroit. The flank companies took the field together with Militias raised by various former officers including Colonel Isaac Swayze and did most of the militia's fighting. Isaac Swayze (1751&ndash February 11 1828) was a soldier and political figure in Upper Canada. In all cases they were a credit to their country. From the regiment's association with Major General Sir Isaac Brock comes the scallop shell on the cap badge. It is taken from the coat of arms of Brock's family on the Isle of Guernsey.
During the rebellion of 1837, units of the Lincoln Militia were called out to quell rebel uprisings in the Niagara Peninsula and the 2nd Lincolns were warned for duty in Toronto. In 1838, the 2nd conducted marches into the Short Hills to subdue rebel activity there. In 1846, Lincoln County was divided and Welland County was formed with three battalions of militia. The militia "regiments" were renamed "battalions".
In 1863, the Lincoln and Welland Battalions were reorganized and renamed the 19th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada with 10 companies, and the 20th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada with six companies. Both had headquarters in St. Catharines. In May of 1866, eight companies of the 19th and 20th Battalions were called out to repel the Fenian invasion of the peninsula. They formed part of Colonel Peacocke's field force. As a result of the Fenian Raids, the 44th "Welland" Battalion of Infantry was raised. It took over companies from both the 19th and 20th Battalions. The 20th was redesignated the 20th "Halton" Battalion, and moved to Milton.
Between 1866 and 1914 there were various name changes and reorganizations. In 1914, the 19th Lincoln Regiment, with headquarters in St. Catharines, had eight companies, as did the 44th Lincoln and Welland Regiment, with headquarters in Niagara Falls. Although not mobilized, the regiments contributed troops to contingents for the North-West Campaign and the Boer War.
During the Great War, the two Regiments contributed over 5,000 men to various Canadian Expeditionary Force battalions, particularly the 81st, 98th and 176th. At the conclusion of the War, the CEF battalions ceased to exist. It was decided to award battle honours which a CEF battalion had won to militia units which had contributed 200 or more men to that battalion. Both the 19th and 44th trained under extreme difficulties between the wars. An example of the little training done is that of the 19th which trained 12 days in 1920, 9 days a year between 1922 and 1927, 12 days a year from 1928 to 1931 and 10 days a year from 1932 to 1936. On 15 December 1936, the two units were reorganized into The Lincoln and Welland Regiment with an establishment of 467 all ranks.
The day before the Second World War began, the Regiment was called out and posted to guard the Welland Ship Canal. The Welland Canal is a Ship canal that runs 42  km (270  Miles from Port Colborne Ontario on Lake Erie to Port It was demobilized in December 1939 and almost 500 men immediately volunteered with Toronto Units. In June 1940, the 1st Battalion, Lincoln and Welland Regiment was mobilized for active service. The 2nd Battalion was to remain in reserve. The 1st Battalion arrived in the United Kingdom in July of 1943 and on 19 August became a part of the 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 4th Canadian Armoured Division. The 4th Canadian (Armoured Division was created by conversion of 4th Canadian Infantry Division at the beginning of 1942 in Canada.
After landing in France in July of 1944, the Regiment formed part of II Canadian Corp's "long left flank" of the Allied advance. For the next nine months, it fought its way through Belgium and the Netherlands into Germany. This was some of the bitterest fighting of the war, consisting largely of clearing built-up areas and canals.
From Tilly-la-Campagne on 31 July 1944 until Bad Zwischenahn on 1 May 1945, the Regiment distinguished itself in many actions. Tilly-la-Campagne is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northern France. Bad Zwischenahn is a village and a municipality in the Ammerland district in Lower Saxony, Germany. Over 1500 men of the Regiment were casualties. Of the original men who enlisted in 1940, only 3 officers and 22 men were on parade in St. Catharines in 1946 when the 1st Battalion was dismissed.
The local graveyard in Monetville, Ontario has a true Canadian World War Two (WWII) hero buried there. Sergent Wallace Edmond Firlotte, who served with the Lincoln and Welland Regiment during the War. Sgt. Firlotte was born and raised in Gogama Ontario. Gogama is a small community located in the heart of Northeastern Ontario, situated on Lake Minisinakwa it is 580 kilometres north of Toronto, 191 km north of Sgt Firlotte was bestowed six war decorations. However, he was one of only a very few Canadians, and the only person in this Regiment, that was bestowed the Order of the Broze Lion from the Crown of the Netherlands, for heroism that just may have turned the tide of WWII. It is interesting to note, that even in 2007 the circumstances surrounding Sgt Firlotte and this decoration, remain by both governments classified Top Secret. The Prince personally presented this Order to Sgt Firlotte by Royal Decree (No. A decree is an order made by a Head of state or government and having the force of Law. 2) on December 8th 1945. It is well known that this Order is of the same character as the Victoria Cross here in Canada. See below the section "Separate Commonwealth awards" Note that since Sgt Firlotte has rested in peace since 1982 in Monetville. (See www. ww2awards. com).
In the years since World War II, the Regiment has busied itself with the many tasks entrusted to the Canadian Militia during peace time. Ceremonial parades have been attended and Guards mounted, most notably the visits of HRH The Princess Elizabeth (now HM Queen Elizabeth II) and HRH The Prince Philip to Niagara Falls in 1951 and HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother to Niagara-on-the-Lake in 1981.
During the Blizzard of 1977 in the Niagara Peninsula the Regiment was called out to provide assistance to the civil authority. It rescued over 1500 stranded school children and provided assistance to countless residents during the emergency. For this assistance, the Regiment received a vote of thanks from the House of Commons. More recently, the Regiment has provided volunteers to assist during the 1997 Floods in Manitoba and the 1998 Ice Storm in Eastern Ontario and Quebec.
1994 marked the 200th anniversary of the Regiment and was commemorated in many ways. The Trooping of the Colours, presentation of Freedom of the Town of Fort Erie and the dedication of the Regiment's Memorial Garden all served to remind the Regiment and the community of the service and sacrifice of two centuries.
Recently, an error made over 50 years ago was corrected. Due to an administrative oversight, two battle honours won in north-western Germany during the final weeks of the Second World War had never been awarded to the Regiment. After Royal approval, National Defence Headquarters finally authorized the awards. In October 1995, at the Regiment's annual Church Parade, scrolls commemorating the battles of Küsten Canal and Bad Zwischenahn were presented by members of the Regimental Association.
The regiment has twenty-six battle honours, fourteen of which (italicized) are emblazoned on the Regimental Colours:
First World War: Ypres, 1915, '17, Festubert, 1915, Somme, 1916, Arras, 1917, '18, Hill 70, Amiens, Hindenburg Line, Pursuit to Mons
Second World War: Falaise, Falaise Road, The Laison, Chambois, The Seine, 1944, Moerbrugge, The Scheldt, Breskens Pocket, The Lower Maas, Kapelsche Veer, The Rheneland, The Hochwald, Veen, Twente Canal, Friesoythe, Küsten Canal, Bad Zwischenahn, North-West Europe, 1944-1945
The regiment is also connected with cadet corps in St. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The Royal Anglian Regiment (R ANGLIAN is an Infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located For the band The Rifles see The Rifles (band. For the novel by William T Ba (officially The Bermuda Islands or The Somers Isles) is a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. The Bermuda Regiment is the home defence unit of the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. The' Royal Queensland Regiment' (RQR is a reserve Infantry formation in the Australian Army based in the state of Queensland. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island The Wellington (City of Wellington's Own and Hawke's Bay Regiment is a Territorial Force unit of the New Zealand Army. Catharines and Fonthill, and with Robert Land Academy in Wellandport. Robert Land Academy is Canada 's only non- University level Military academy.
The website British Regiments. org reports its lineage as from Butler's Rangers 1777-1784
The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment
|The Lincoln and Welland Regiment||Succeeded by:|
4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment